Status of modern technology implementation in college libraries of hailakandi district, assam a survey
Topic on Status of Modern Technology Implementation in College Libraries of Hailakandi District, Assam : A Survey Presented byMr. Abdul Hannan Choudhury Mr. Nabin Chandra Dey MLIS Student Asst. Professor, DLISc Assam University, Silchar Assam University, Silchar
IntroductionLibrary is a heart of an institution which collect, store and transmit update information to the teacher, students, scientists and those engaged in research and institution.The use of modern technology has tremendous impact on user’s satisfaction, cost effectiveness, rapid responses, and easier operational procedures in LIS.Effect of computerizing college library will be felt mainly at three levels, firstly in the way in which library delivers information, secondly in modes of preparation of lectures by teachers and thirdly in the methods of learning by students (Nair,1995).The present study covers all the college libraries of Hailakandi district using the survey method during July to September 2012.Hailakandi district is located in southern part of Assam. The college education has been started in this district after independence.
Objective of the Study• To assess the current status of modern technology application in College Libraries of Hailakandi District.• To collect information about provision of financial assistances and grants and other facilities especially for modern technology.• To identify and analyse the specific factors that promoted or hindered the application of modern technology in college libraries.• To provide suggestion for the better implementation of technology in library and over all development.
Scope & limitation of the Study• The scope of the study is limited to survey of existing ICT infrastructure in 7 degree college libraries in Hailakandi District• It focuses on status of modern technology implementation in all college libraries in Hailakandi District, Assam• Hailakandi District is situated at the southernmost corner of Assam, which is located at the centre of Barak Valley and Cachar District in the North and East, Mizoram in the South and East and Karimganj in the West
Research Methodology Tools of Data Collection: Questionnaire Method, Informal Interview and observation method Data Analysis Techniques: Simple Percentage and Chi- square test Data Presentation Technique: Tabulation, Mathematical or Statistical Figures (bar diagram, pie diagram, histogram and C. F. Curve)
Hypothesis1. The availability of modern technology in college libraries of Hailakandi district is found at low percentage.2. Computers are used mainly for official work.3. The status of library automation is very poor in college libraries of Hailakandi district.4. Library networks and internet connectivity are inadequate in college libraries of Hailakandi district.5. Technology based library services are inadequate in college libraries of Hailakandi district.6. Lack of finance is main problem in application of modern technology.
Growth & Development of College Libraries of Hailakandi District 8 7 7 7 6Cumulative Frequency 5 4 3 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 0 Decade of Establishment
Library UsersCollege Total No. of Users SSC 1079 LRC 552 SCDC 383 SKRC 535 ALCC 135 WC 727MHCMSC 100
Staff StrengthDesignation SSC LRC SCDC SKRC ALCC WC MHCMScCLibrarian No No 1 1 1 1 1Library In charge 1 1 No No No No No(If any)Library Assistant 1 2 1 1 1 No 1Library Bearer 2 2 No 1 1 1 1Total 4 5 2 3 3 2 3
1st hypothesis “The availability of modern technology in college libraries of Hailakandi district is found at low percentage”Table 5: Hardware Availability of Colleges in terms of Observed and Expected Frequency Item Observed Frequency Expected Frequency (Oi – Ei)2/Ei (Oi) (Ei) Telephone 4 4 0 Fax 3 4 0.25 TV 4 4 0 Computer 6 4 1.00 Printer 5 4 0.25 Flat Bed Scanner 2 4 1.00 LCD Projector 2 4 1.00 UPS/ Generator 3 4 0.25 Xerox Machine 3 4 0.25 Calculated value of Chi-square is 4.00 Chi-square at 6 d.f. and 5% level of significance is 12.542
2nd Hypothesis “Computers are used mainly for official works” Table 7: Purpose for using Computers Purpose No. of Libraries PercentageFor library automation 1 14.29%For internet services 5 71.42%For official purpose 6 85.71%For entertainment/ social networking 3 42.86%For E-resources subscription other than consortia 1 14.29%For consortia base subscription 2 28.58%For connecting library networks 1 14.29%For college/ library website creation/ updating 2 28.58%For preserving/ storing digital information 3 42.86%For E-mail services 3 42.86%For database creation 4 57.15%For library/ campus LAN 2 28.58%
3rd Hypothesis “The status of library automation is very poor in college libraries in Hailakandi district” Figure 2: Status of Library Automation Not Automated 86% Partially Fully Automated Automated 14% 0%
4th Hypothesis “Library networks and internet connectivity are inadequate in college libraries of Hailakandi district” Table 8: Networking Facilities of College Libraries Name of Library Campus Link with Link with Library LAN LAN INFLIBNET DELNET SSC Yes Yes Yes Yes LRC No No No No SCDC No No No No SKRC No No No No ALCC No No No No WC No No No No MHCMScC Yes Yes No No
Internet Connectivity Figure 3: Internet Connection is AvailableAvailable 71% Not Available 29%
6th Hypothesis “Lack of finance is the mainproblem in application of modern technology” Table 11: Problems in Application of Modern Technologies Problems No of LibrariesInsufficient funds 6Library staff are not interested in technology adoption 1Inadequate trained staff in ICT application 6Lack of technological knowledge on the part of users 4Increasing operating cost of technology application 4Lack of standard Library Management Software 1Lack of support from authorities -Lack of coordination among library staff -Irregular power supply 3
Suggestions and Recommendations of the studyGovernments and UGC:-• Government should take immediate action to provincialize the govt. aided colleges of Hailakandi district.• Sufficient funds should be made available regularly by the government for purchasing, upgrading and maintaining modern technology gadgets and subscription of electronic resources.• The government should sanction a technical post for special care of ICTs to each college.
Administration and University:-• The university should conduct training program from time to time for ICT application/ Internet awareness, access of E-resources for the library professionals.• Vacant post of library should be filled up with library professionals competent in ICT application.• Authority should not hesitate to encourage the librarian for undertaking library automation.
Libraries:-• Most of the college libraries have a good collection of printed documents but the position of e- resources is not so good. So, emphasis should be given to acquire e- resources which can attract the users to a great extent for its optimum use.• Majority of the college libraries are using computers mainly for office maintenance which need to concentrate on housekeeping operation activities more and more using standard library management software.• Hardware and software (including library application software) should be acquired as per the latest configuration and with high storage capacity.• N-List membership should be taken by those colleges which is covered 12B section without delay. And also utilize the facilities of e-resources access provided from N-List program, INFLIBNET Centre, Ahmedabad.• College libraries should provide more number of computers for accessing e-resources, online databases to the students without any fee.• The campus local area network (LAN) should be available in campus including hostels and the different departments of the college.• College libraries should hire skilled information professionals with ICT competencies by offering attractive salaries and appropriate incentives.• A library information network should be established to link all college libraries in Barak Valley to provide remote user access to the holdings of participating libraries.• The college libraries should organize intensive user education programs for optimum utilization of IT based facilities and services.• The college libraries of should conduct periodic studies to evolution IT based services in order to measure user satisfaction for further modification and improvement.
Librarians and other staff:-• The library staff should develop a positive attitude towards changing environment and must keep themselves updated with the latest developments in the profession and increase their knowledge base by attending refresher courses, seminars, workshops, etc.• Librarian and other professionals should visit advanced libraries for better idea of computerization of library operation and services.• The library professionals should take the job of modern technology applications in libraries in a challenging way and prove themselves to be real partner in the academic process of the library users.
Conclusion• In this fast changing technology driven world, without application of modern technology, none of the libraries is able to provide satisfaction to their user. There for the computerization of library services is considered as the utmost important activity in today’s computerized world.• The present study revealed that the use of modern technology in surveyed libraries is still in initial stage, some of libraries have basic ICT hardware like computers, printer, telephone etc. The status of the automation is very poor. Whereas majority of the college libraries are using computers mainly for office maintenance, the study suggest that they need to concentrate on housekeeping operation activities more and more using standard library management software.
Conclusion….• The study also highlights that proper initiative should be taken on the part of the government for immediate action to provincialize those govt. aided college of Hailakandi district• Even though library professionals have shown a positive attitude towards the use of modern technology and library automation, they need extensive and appropriate training to make use of ICT tools.
Acknowledgement• SIS Team• Dr. Kishor Chandra Satpathy, Organizing Secretary & Librarian, NIT• Dr. Manoj Kumar Sinha, Reader & HOD, DLISc• Mr. Nabin Chandra Dey, Asst Prof., DLISc, AUS.• Dr. Mukuth sarmah, Asst. Prof., DLISc• Librarian/ in-charge of library/ other staff of all the surveyed college libraries of Hailakandi district• Friends at DLISc, AUS• My Parent and Family Members