Regional knowledge network mks
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Paper Presented in National Seminar on
Networking of Library and Information Centres of North East India in Digital Environment (NLICDE-2011)
(21-23 March 2011)ORGANISED UNDER THE AEGIS OF National Library, Kolkata
Ministry of Culture, Govt. of IndiaByOrganized by
Central Library, National Institute of Technology Silchar

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  • 1. Design and Development of Regional Knowledge Network for North Eastern Region of India (RKNNER )/ NELIBNET A Proposal Dr. Manoj Kumar Sinha Reader and Head of the Department Department of Library and Information Science Swami Vivekananda School of Library Science Assam University (A Central University) Silchar-788011 Phone: 09435231672 (M), Fax: 03842-270806 (O) E-mail: [email_address] , [email_address] , [email_address] , [email_address] [email_address]
  • 2. Library Networks
    • Regional / Metropolitan Networks
      • CALIBNET
      • ADINET,
      • MALIBNET,
      • MYLIBNET,
      • PUNNET,
      • BONET
    • National Networks
      • NICNET,
      • ERNET
      • INFLIBNET,
      • DELNET,
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 3. General Network
    • NICNET : National Informatics Centre Network , Planning Commission, Govt. of India
    • INDONET : CMC , 1996
    • COALNET : Coal India Ltd., 1993
    • ERNET : Education and Research Network,
    • Dept. of Electronics, Govt. of India
    • connects Academic Institutions,
    • IISC/IITS, Dept of Electronics, Delhi,
    • National Centre for Software Technology
    • (NCST) Bombay
    • SIRNET : Scientific and Industrial Research Network.
    • Connects Major National Research
    • Laboratories Under CSIR/INSDOC
    • (NISCAIR)
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 4. NISSAT Sponsored Library and Information Networks
    • CALIBNET : Calcutta Library Network, 1998
    • – INSDOC Regional Centre,
    • Calcutta
    • PUNENET : Poona, 1992
    • ADINET : Ahmedabad Library Network.
    • Ahmedabad, 1993
    • MALINET : Madras Library Network,
    • INSDOC, 1993
    • BONET : Bombay Library Network, 1992,
    • NCST NISSAT
    • BALNET : Bangalore Library Network,
    • 1995
    • MYLIBNET : Mysore Library Network
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 5. UGC - Sponsored Library Network / National Network
    • INFLIBNET : Information & Library
    • Network, Ahmedabad,
    • 1988
    • DELNET : Developing Library
    • Network, New Delhi,
    • 1998-99
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 6. Factors Promoting Library Networking in India  
    • Growth in awareness of the need for resource sharing;
    • All round resource crunch;
    • Increase in computer installations, access facilities in library environment and
    • Enhancement of the skills of library professionals;
    • Improvement in computer communication facilities within and across geographical regions, and availability of general data networks like NICNET (Planning Commission);
    •  
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 7. Factors Promoting Library Networking in India
    • INDONET (Computer Maintenance Corporation) and more recently the INET (Department) of Tele communications)
    •  
    • Creation of facilities of Electronic Mail by the ERNET (Department of Electronics), SIRNET (network of the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research maintained by INSDOC) and more recently the ICNET, SPRINTMAIL etc. in private sector.
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 8. Development of Library Network in India  
    • The library network development in India has taken the following three broad directions :
    •   Development of Metropolitan Area Networks (MAN) in cities like Bombay (BONET), Calcutta (CALIBNET), Delhi (DELNET), Madras (MALIBNET), Pune (PUNENET) and Ahmedabad (ADINET) and Hyderabad (HYLIBNET).
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 9. Development of Library Network in India
    • Development of countrywide networks like :
    • INFLIBNET (for University libraries);
    • DESINET (for Defense laboratories);
    • NISSAT (National Information System for Science and Technology) ; and
    • DELNET (Developing Library Network, New Delhi)
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 10. Development of Library Network in India
    • Development of Sectoral facilities like :
    • BTISNET (Biotechnology Information System Network), and
    • The proposed ones for Oil and Natural Gas ( ONGC),
    • Management Science and
    • Environment
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 11. PROBLEMS OF NETWORKING  
    • Standard for Data Conversion;
    • Apprehension of over use of library
    • Financial Constraints;
    • Library Software issues;
    • Manpower Training;
    • Lack of Attitude for Resource Sharing
    • Problems of Telephone /Internet connectivity/ Poor Bandwidth; and
    • Lack of job security.
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 12. Need and Purpose of Establishing Regional Knowledge Network for North Eastern Region (RKNNER)
    • The main purpose of all these networks is to acquire reading materials collectively, avoid duplication, consortia approach for costly foreign journals and databases, maximum utilization of reading materials available in libraries of a particular locality or region by the users
    • Since the no steps have been initiated to establish a Regional Network covering entire North Eastern Region of India, in the present paper an attempt has been taken to put forward a proposal for the design and development of Regional Knowledge Network for North Eastern Region (RKNNER) or North Eastern Library & Information Network (NELIBNET) to look into the sharing of resources and information amongst these eight of the N E Region of India.
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 13. Why Do We Need Regional Network ?
    • Growth and Development of Academic Libraries (Colleges and Universities) are satisfactory;
    • Development of Public Libraries in deplorable condition and needs immediate attention;
    • Despite all efforts only Two States of N E region like Manipur and Mizoram have enacted Library Legislation ;
    • Despite all round effort by INFLIBNET , the status of automation and networking of college libraries are lagging behind;
    • Poor ICT Infrastructure in School and Public Libraries
    • Rate of Computerisation of Libraries is comparatively slower in N E States
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 14. Why Do We Need Regional Network ?
    • India is a vast country. It is not possible for INFLIBNET and other National Networks to pay attention to the problems of all states which are far from the mainstream and remotely located ;
    • There is a lack of confidence and motivation among the library and information professionals working in the States of North Eastern Region which should be taken care of;
    • Like other Regional / Metropolitan Networks , we may also think for developing Regional Library Network for N E States;
    • Therefore , the present proposal of establishing Regional Knowledge Network for North Eastern States came into my mind and this paper is an attempt in this direction to share my thoughts with senior LIS Professionals attending the Seminar
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 15. Regional Knowledge Network for North Eastern Region (RKNNER) NELIBNET
    • Present Society is Knowledge Society and the era is of Globalization having tough competitions;
    • India has been emerging as a Knowledge Economy ;
    • Keeping in view of these changes , there is a need to design and develop a Regional Knowledge Network of N E Region on the pattern of National Knowledge Network established by MHRD, GOI;
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 16. Regional Knowledge Network for North Eastern Region (RKNNER)/NELIBNET
    • This Network may be under the Mentorship of National Network s like INFLIBNET / DELNET for formulating the strategies and guidelines for developing knowledge network for resource sharing ;
    • Financial assistance may be had from the INFLIBNET / UGC, Ministry of HRD, Govt. of India ; and also under RRRLF, Ministry of Culture , Govt. of India , Local Tea Industries/ Corporate Houses .
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 17. Aims of RKNNER/ NELIBNET
    • To promote and establish communication facilities to improve capability in information transfer and access, that provide support to scholarship, learning, research and academic pursuit through cooperation and involvement of agencies concerned;
    • To establish Regional Library Network “ RKNNER” “NELIBNET ” a computer communication network for linking academic, public and technical/specialised libraries/ library and information centres associated with universities, technical institutions deemed to be universities, colleges, etc. for avoiding duplication of efforts.
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 18. Objectives of RKNNER/ NELIBNET
    • To evolve a regional network, interconnecting various academic, public and technical/specialised libraries/institutional libraries and information centres associated with universities, deemed to be universities, institutions of national, regional importance and R & D institutions etc. in these two states for efficient sharing of information resources available with them and to improve capability of information handling and services;
    •  
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 19. Objectives of RKNNER/ NELIBNET
    • To provide reliable access to document collection of libraries by creating online union catalogues of monographs, serials, and non-book materials (manuscripts, audio-visuals, computer media etc.) in various libraries North East States;
    •   To provide better access to worldwide bibliographic information sources with citations and abstracts, such as periodical articles, conference papers, preprints, technical reports, standards and specifications, patents, monographs etc. through indigenously created databases and by establishing gateways for online accessing of international databases held by international information networks and centres.
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 20. Objectives of RKNNER/ NELIBNET
    • To provide document delivery service by establishing resource centres in the libraries having rich collection of documents;
    •   To optimize information resource utilization through shared cataloguing, inter- library loan service, catalogue production, collection development and avoiding duplication in acquisition to the extent possible;
    •   To implement computerization of library operations of participating libraries following a uniform standards for data capturing;
    •  
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 21. Objectives of RKNNER/ NELIBNET
    • To enable users to have access to information regarding books monographs, serials, theses, projects and experts by using new information and communication technologies.
    •   To encourage co-operation among libraries, documentation centres and information centres in these two states or throughout the country with other networks, so that the resources can be pooled for the benefit of helping the weaker resource centres by well resourceful libraries.
    •  
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 22. Objectives of RKNNER/ NELIBNET
    • To train and develop human resources in the field of computerized library operations and networking to participate in RKNNER/NELIBNET programme.
    • To evolve standards and uniform guidelines in techniques, methods and procedures, hardware and software services in order to facilitate pooling, sharing and exchanging resources and facilities towards optimizations.
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 23. Headquarter of RKNNER/NELIBNET
    • RKNNER / NELIBNET may be established as a Registered Society with its Governing Body Committee
    • Its headquarter may be at Guwahati, the Gateway of North Eastern States
    • The Dept of Library and Information Science, Gauhati University may be chosen as the Headquarter of the RKNNER / NELIBNET for initial period of establishment.
    • Later it may be shifted to its own RKNNER /NELBNET Office.
    •  
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 24. Membership of RKNNER / NELIBNET
    • Core Members : All Universities /Institutions/ Colleges :
    • Arunachal Pradesh
      • Rajiv Gandhi University, Itanagr
      • North Eastern Regional Institute of Science & Technology, Itanagar
    • Mizoram
    •   Mizoram University, Aizawl
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 25. Membership of RKNNER / NELIBNET : Assam
    • Assam University, Silchar;
    • Gauhati University, Guwahati ;
    • Dibrugarh University, Dibrugarh;
    • Tezpur University, Tezpur;
    • IIT, Guwahati
    • Regional Research Laboratory , Jorhat;
    • Assam Agricultural University;
    • All Engineering College of Assam
    • National Institute of Technology;
    • All Medical Colleges of Assam
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 26. Membership of RKNNER / NELIBNET :Meghalaya
    •   North Eastern Hill University,( NEHU), Shillong
    • IIM, Shillong
    • Shillong Medical College
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 27. Membership of RKNNER / NELIBNET :Manipur
    •   Manipur University, Imphal ; and
    • Manipur Central Agricultural University;
    •   Nagaland
    •   Nagaland University, Kohima
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 28. Membership of RKNNER / NELIBNET
    • Tripura
    • Tripura University, Agartalla
    •   National Institute of Technology, Agartalla
    •   Sikkim
    •   Sikkim University , Gangtok
    • Sikkim Manipal University, Gangtok
    •  
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 29. Other Libraries
    • General and Professional Colleges,
    • Management Institute,
    • Information Technology Institute,
    • Social Sciences Institute,
    • School libraries,
    • Rural/ Urban Public Libraries etc of North Eastern Region
    • may also be included under this library network as member.
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 30. Formation of High Level Committee to Submit The Prospect And Feasibility of Establishing ‘ RKNNER’ / NELIBNET
    • A high level committee should be established by the Government of North Eastern States comprising of eminent library and information professionals not only from these eight sates of N E Region ,
    • Other Members from the other library networking agencies, NISSAT, NISCAIR, INFLIBNET, and UGC,
    • Member from Higher Education Department of these two States,
    • Librarians of the participating universities to make a draft proposal for feasibility study.
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 31. Feasibility Study and Report
    • The high Level Committee will make proposal for Feasibility Study and after going in details covering all aspects, the report will be submitted to the Government of all the North Eastern States for its implementation
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 32. Source of Financial Assistance  
    • Financial Assistance can be made available from the Department of Higher Education of all the Eight States,
    • MHRD/ UGC / INFLIBNET, NISSAT (Department of Scientific ;and
    • Industrial Research, DSIR), from public enterprises, donation from the professionals and library science students.
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 33. Proposed Activities of RKNNER/ NELIBNET
    • Information Infrastructural Development of Member Libraries ;
    • Development of Databases of Member Libraries;
    • Resource Sharing and Inter-Library Loan
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 34. Proposed Activities of RKNNER/ NELIBNET (Contd..)
    • Union Catalogue of different types of documents like Books ,
    • Serials
    • Theses and Dissertations
    • Non-Book Materials
    • Specialised Databases of N E States
    • Expert Databases
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 35. Proposed Activities of RKNNER/ NELIBNET (Contd..)
    • Awareness Training for Information Technology Application in Libraries ;
    • Professional Development / Human Resource Development/Manpower Development by organising workshop, training, conference, seminar and lecture
    •  
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 36. Proposed Services of RKNNER /NELIBNET
    • RKNNER/ NELIBNET should offer following Services
      • Union Catalogue based Bibliographic Services
      • Database Services,
      • Provision of Access of Internet Services.
      • Promotion of Computerisation of Library Services
      • Document Delivery Services;
      • Inter-Library Loan Services; and
      • Exchange of Expertise, Resources and Manpower
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 37. Implementation of the Programme of RKNNER/ NELIBNET
    • RKNNER/ NELIBNET should be a Registered Society and the Act of all the States of North Eastern Region should jointly create this Library Networking Agency.
    • The Regional Headquarter may be located at the State Capitals ; and
    • Main Headquarter may be located at Guwahati, Assam / Shillong, Meghalaya.
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 38. Participation and Motivation of Library and Information Professionals  
    • For successful implementation of the RKNNER / NELIBNET Programme, library and information professionals of the these states should come forward and take initiatives for creation of this library networking agency and also they should try for enactment of Library Legislation where it has not been enacted so far .
    •  
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 39. Conclusion
    • The researcher has felt the dire need of establishing the Regional Library Network ‘RKNNER’/ NELIBNET for the implementation of computerisation of library operations and services.
    • This proposal is at its nascent stage, which should get support from the library professionals of North Eastern States and also from other States of the country.
    • We may have support and expertise from the other national, regional and local library networks which are running successfully.
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 40. Conclusion
    • The researcher expects positive and quick action from the professionals and the Government from all the North Eastern States for this novel initiatives for its early implementation ;
    • As there is a need of the present time to utilize the resources properly when economic recession has been affecting the entire world and making us to work for resource sharing and optimum utilization of resources.
    • The same plan for Regional Library Network can be applicable for other states, which are lagging behind in the areas of computerisation of library activities and services. Because, the country like India, it would be difficult for any single agency to look after the computerisation of library services of entire country
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 41. Acknowledgements
    • Thanks are due to Prof. Tapodhir Bhattacharjee, Hon’ble Vice-Chancellor, Assam University, Silchar for his kind encouragement and support;
    • Thanks are also due to Dr. Kishor Chandra Satpathy , Organising Secretary, for giving me an opportunity to share my thoughts with you all; and
    • Audience deserve special thanks for their kind attention !
    March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar
  • 42. Thanks and Have a Nice Day March 25, 2011 NLICDE-2011 , NIT Silchar