Reforming higher education system in the light of e learning a contemporary study
Ms. Rupashree Paul ICSSR, Doctoral FellowDepartment of EducationAssam University, Silchar &Dr. Tapan Kumar BasantiaDepartment of EducationAssam University, Silchar
MAJOR ITEMS FOR DISCUSSION Introduction New dynamics in higher education E-Based higher education system Higher Education in North East India Issues and Favorable Effects Prerequisites for effective use of it Recommendations
INTRODUCTION An academic revolution in the past half century . Higher education shift from the culture of print to a culture of digital technology.
New dynamics in higher education Over the past decade, new dynamics have emerged in each of the key domains of higher education ,research and innovation. These are : Demand, Diversification of provision, Changing lifelong learning needs, Growing communication and information technology.
Perticipation rates in higher education Globally, age perticipation rates in higher education have grown from 19% in 2000 to 26% in 2007. Private higher education is now the fasted growing sub-sector and some 30% of students are enrolled in private higher education institutions globally. Some countries like Japan, South Korea enroll 80% of their students in private higher education institutions.
UNESCO’S 2009 WORLD CONFERENCE Rising demand and massification Diversification of providers and methods Private provision Distance education Cross-border higher education Quality assurance Teacher education Academic profession.
E-based higher education system• Globalization, a key reality in the twenty-first century has already profoundly influenced higher education.
Information and communication technology on higher education can also be seen in the way that the core activities of universities, specifically teaching and research have shifting in recent years.
Source : UGC and AIUTable 1: Number, Nature and Category of Institutions(As onAugust, 2011) SL. Types of Institutions Number ofNo. Institutions 1. Central Universities 43 2. State Universities 289 3. Deemed to be Universities 130$ 4. State Private Universities 94 5. Institutions established through state 05 legislation 6. Institutes of National Importance plus others 50 7. Colleges 31,324
TABLE 2 : Growth of Universities and Colleges in India during the years 2004-05 -2008-09 Year Universities Colleges Total2004-05 343 17625 179682005-06 355 18064 184192006-07 376 20677 210532007-08 408 22064 224722008-09 467 25951 26418
Reforming Higher Education in the Light ofE-learning: A Felt Need The Indian government’s role is quite optimistic in proliferation of e-learning and ICT. The government is collaborating with the developed nations and other economic blocs of the world for uniform ramification of e-learning and ICT throughout the country
Some of the E-learning ProjectsNational Knowledge Network (NKN)National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning (NPTEL)National Library and Information Services Infrastructure for Scholarly ContentVAST-based Mobile e-Learning Terminals
the 12th Five Year Plan Digital Repository in Universities & Colleges Internet Connectivity in Universities and College ICT for Universities e-Content Development Digitization of Doctoral Theses e-Governance of Higher Education & UGC Launching the National Mission on Education through ICT (NMEICT) for digitization and networking of all educational institutions National Knowledge Network (NKN) and Connected Digital Campuses (UGC Report,2011).
Issues of E-based Indian Higher EducationSystem Online tutoring can be more time consuming than face to face tutoring, Training is required for both teacher and students, The use of the large virtual learning environments is expansive and may demand additional equipments, Blended solutions can be expensive as they may involve the development of expensive online learning resources.
Cont… The student and teacher need basic information technology skills, Lack of social interaction in asynchronous learning environment. Inadequate IT infrastructure.
Favorable Effects of E-based Higher EducationSystem Improve quality of higher education, Economy of scale may bring down the cost of education, Batter system of evaluation, Cultural scientific and technological integration lead economic uniformity, Batter delivery system of Higher Education.
Prerequisites for effective use of E-based HigherEducation System With technological innovation, it is possible to deliver higher education any time any where, Infrastructural availability for E-Learning, Adaptation of Cross-Broader Higher Education, Government sponsored scheme on higher education can be run in foreign countries for cultural exchange, Teachers need to be proficient in using e-based strategies.
Conclusion and suggestions Creativity provides a base for excellence in a competitive world. If we want to our higher education system to serve the changes brought by the knowledge explosion of information technology, we must mobilize the creative talent of the human resources which is lying as stagnant condition. In the present era of globalization and privatization, it has become extremely essential that the teacher are provided full support for their academic development and recognition.
If really higher education has to move ahead, then teacher belongs to the private institutions also needs to be motivated and encourage to participate in the professional and academic related activities.