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  • 1. E-JOURNALS: A MEANS TO RESEARCH POTENTIALITY IN 21ST CENTURY Dr. R N Mishra Associate Professor Dept. of Lib. & Inf. Science Mizoram University, Aizawl rabinarayan_mishra@rediffmail.com
  • 2. Introduction • Electronic journals represent a noteworthy and growing part of the academic library’s offerings. • Retaining of both Print and electronic journal • Publishers initiatives resulted to getting full text scholarly articles in e-form in late 1990s. • As of now, online articles are 96% especially in Science, Technology, Medicine and 86% in Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences
  • 3. • e-journals substantiate the value oriented information in research. • e-journals are the format of choice due to:  Unlimited resources;  International hit;  Cost effectiveness;  Qualitative information;  Easy accessibility;  Enhanced Access to Journal articles;  Convenient Desktop Access;  Multiple accesses at one time  24x7access (Round the clock access without geographical boundary)  Instant communication.
  • 4. E-Journals- Genealogy • Analogous terms of e-journals e-zine, webzine, internet-based electronic journals, internet based electronic serials, e- serials, on-line journals • e-journals came into existence especially in 1990s which were mostly delivered through e- mail attachments while their back issues were mounted on anonymous ftp sites
  • 5. • Initially, LIC started accessing e-journal through a site developed by University of Minnesota known as Gopher site which is a menu based information retrieval protocol • It continued till 1997 due to advent of WWW • According to Ulrichsweb, more than online version includes over 300,000 active and current periodicals are available • According to STM Report i.e, International Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical Publishers, there are there were about 28,100 active scholarly peer-reviewed journals in August 2012
  • 6. • CrossRef database included over 56 million DOIs, of which 46 million refer to journal articles • Ulrich’s web directory listed 28,094 active, peer-reviewed scholarly/academic journals on 3 August 2012 • The CrossRef database included 27,000 journals in March 2012 • Thomson Reuters’ Web of Knowledge database covers some 10,675 journals, while Scopus covers 18,500 peer-reviewed journals
  • 7. Consortium- Its Relevance • Consortium exemplify to an association of institutions for extended association among the partner institutions pertaining to economic, literature, exchange of resources • The concept is the outcome of inter- institutional cooperation among a group of colleges and universities • The primary objectives of such consortia are to provide mammoth of literature in shape of e- books, e-journals and other e-resources to the educators, researchers.
  • 8. 1. Multipurpose academic consortia The Association for Consortium Leadership (ACL) has identified 125 member consortia in the United States. The Primary aim of such consortia is share the resources among the members. 2 Technology-planning consortia It is a consortia primarily devoted for strategic technology planning across entire regions. Members are the Colleges of Worcester (Massachusetts) Consortium, the New Hampshire College and University Council, including the Consortium of Universities in the Washington Metropolitan Area. 3 The Internet2 Project A consortium of more than 100 universities with a mission for cooperative development, operation, and technology transfer of advanced, network-based applications and network services in its member universities as well as internationally. Type of Consortia prevailing in Higher Education
  • 9. 4 Research and academic library consortia Research and academic libraries constitute another significant growth area in consortia development as library directors seek mechanisms for meeting user demand in gaining access to electronic databases and other sources of information. 5 Scientific research and development consortia Consortia for the purpose of scientific research and development bring together universities, research centers, government agencies, and multinational corporations engaged in supercomputing, geo-science, medical research, and other sophisticated research projects. http://education.stateuniversity.com/pages/1881/ Consortia-in-Higher-Education. html#ixzz 30d8UXxWG
  • 10. Publishers’ Initiatives • Change of strategies from traditional to electronic according to users’ need • Marketing of information through e-journal • Reaching to the users through website • Placing themselves in consortium • Tie-up with aggregators • Promoting the e-journals through multiple outlets
  • 11. • Other associated with phenomena with e-journals  More interactive;  Speedy publication;  Fostering online exchange of ideas through e- mail;  Determination of source through hyperlinks  Retrieval of articles directly through links from abstracting, indexing databases and digital repositories;  Reproduction, Modification of the contents subject to permission from the publishers leading thereby, copyright protection and preserving authenticity
  • 12. scholarly open access publishing and found the questionable publishers Year Number of Predatory Publishers 2011 18 2012 23 2013 225 2014 477 Source:http://scholarlyoa.com/2014/01/02/list-of-predatory-publishers-2014
  • 13. Role of Aggregators • Aggregators obtain license from many publishers and take the responsibility for providing the access of the e-journal from their site • Act as intermediary agencies • Aggregator as a control mechanism use to provide access the library through IP address.
  • 14. Issues Affecting the Librarians • Budget constraints • Multi-disciplinary research • Changing information need of users • Return of investment • Obtaining of usage data • Licensing with consortia provider • Developing infrastructure like, computers, hardware, software etc.
  • 15. Users Privacy in using e-journals • Privacy relates to both the data collected on the individual users and data on libraries shared within the consortia • U.S. Federal Trade Commission has stipulated the privacy policies • Elsevier’s ScienceDirect product and its parent organization Reed Elsevier alerts users subject to giving the personal details, JSTOR insists for identification of the activity of individual users. • The International Coalition of Library Consortia (ICLOC) spells out that, the statistical report must not be released without prior permission of the consortium and member libraries
  • 16. Open Scholarly E-journals on Web •Roes identified 39 peer-reviewed scholarly electronic journals in 1994. •In 1996 Harter and Kim found 77 journals • Hitchcock, Carr, and Hall ascertained 115 journals. •ARL's Directory of Electronic Journals, Newsletters, and Academic Discussion Lists (7th Edition) determined 1,002 peer-reviewed e-journals in 1997
  • 17. Sl.No Subject URL No. of E- journals/ Articles 1 Mathema tics http://front.math.ucdavis.edu/ 202991+23668 e-prints 2 Computer Science http://front.math.ucdavis.edu/ 77118+15835 e-prints 3 Nonlinear Sciences http://front.math.ucdavis.edu/ 14394+9057 e-prints 4 Physics http://front.math.ucdavis.edu/ 670440+22110 e-prints 5 Quantitat ive Finance http://front.math.ucdavis.edu/ 3038+1848 e-prints
  • 18. 6 Statistic s http://front.math.ucdavis.edu/11103+4266 e-prints 7 Physics http://de.physnet.net/Phys Net/journals.html 75 journals 8 All subjects http://www.icaap.org/list_journal.php ? action=view_all_journal 108 journals 9 All subjects http://er.lib.msu.edu/atoz.c fm 10323 records 10 Theolog ical http://www.xmarks.com/si te/ info.lib.uh.edu/wj/webjour .html 32 journals
  • 19. 11 Scientific http://www.xmarks.com/site/ info.lib.uh.edu/wj/webjour.html 1206 on-line journals 12 Medical http://www.freemedicaljournals.com/ 4245 journals 13 All subjects http://www.uvm.edu/~bmaclenn/#ejo ur 21 journals 14 Economics http://www.helsinki.fi/WebEc/journa ls.html 390 journals 15 Scientific http://free-scientific- journals.blogspot.in/2009/01/list-of- online-and-free-access- journals_02.html 16 All subjects http://doaj.org/ 9707 e-journals
  • 20. Conclusion • Proliferation of information web and escalating price in print journals • Inter-disciplinary research, opening of new subjects in higher education, research in science and technology, changing users’ information need are some of the important components for enhancing the quality and peer-reviewed e-journals
  • 21. Thank You