Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

[Andy field] discovering_statistics_using_spss_(in(book_fi.org)

4,868

Published on

If you dont like statistics, you have to read this book. If you do like statistics you have to read this book. …

If you dont like statistics, you have to read this book. If you do like statistics you have to read this book.
Andy Field, is a nice professor who has described SPSS so interesting and easily. Read it!

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
5 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
4,868
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
226
Comments
0
Likes
5
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. DISCOVERING STATISTICS USING Spss T H I R D E D I T I O N (and sex and drugs and rock ’n’ roll) ANDY FIELD
  • 2. © Andy Field 2009 First edition published 2000 Second edition published 2005 Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of research or private study, or criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988, this publication may be reproduced, stored or transmitted in any form, or by any means, only with the prior permission in writing of the publishers, or in the case of reprographic reproduction, in accordance with the terms of licences issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency. Enquiries concerning reproduction outside those terms should be sent to the publishers. SAGE Publications Ltd 1 Oliver’s Yard 55 City Road London EC1Y 1SP SAGE Publications Inc. 2455 Teller Road Thousand Oaks, California 91320 SAGE Publications India Pvt Ltd B 1/I 1 Mohan Cooperative Industrial Area Mathura Road New Delhi 110 044 SAGE Publications Asia-Pacific Pte Ltd 33 Pekin Street #02-01 Far East Square Singapore 048763 Library of Congress Control Number: 2008930166 British Library Cataloguing in Publication data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library ISBN 978-1-84787-906-6 ISBN 978-1-84787-907-3 Typeset by C&M Digitals (P) Ltd, Chennai, India Printed by Oriental Press, Dubai Printed on paper from sustainable resources
  • 3. CONTENTS Preface xix How to use this book xxiv Acknowledgements xxviii Dedication xxx Symbols used in this book xxxi Some maths revision xxxiii 1 Why is my evil lecturer forcing me to learn statistics? 1.1. 1.2. 1.3. 1.4. 1.5. What will this chapter tell me? 1 What the hell am I doing here? I don’t belong here 1.2.1. The research process 1.5.1. Variables 1.5.2. Measurement error 1.5.3. Validity and reliability 1.6. 1.7. Initial observation: finding something that needs explaining Generating theories and testing them 1 Data collection 1: what to measure 1 1 1 1 1 1 Data collection 2: how to measure 1.6.1. Correlational research methods 1 1 1.6.2. Experimental research methods 1.6.3. Randomization Analysing data 1 1 1 1.7.1. Frequency distributions 1 1.7.2. The centre of a distribution 1 1.7.3. The dispersion in a distribution 1 1.7.4. Using a frequency distribution to go beyond the data 1.7.5. Fitting statistical models to the data What have I discovered about statistics? Key terms that I’ve discovered Smart Alex’s stats quiz Further reading Interesting real research 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 3 4 7 7 10 11 12 12 13 17 18 18 20 23 24 26 28 28 29 29 30
  • 4. vi D I S C O VE R I N G STAT I ST I C S US I N G S PSS 2 Everything you ever wanted to know about statistics (well, sort of) 2.1. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4. What will this chapter tell me? Building statistical models 1 Populations and samples 1 Simple statistical models 1 1 2.4.1. The mean: a very simple statistical model 1 31 31 32 34 35 35 2.4.2. Assessing the fit of the mean: sums of squares, variance and standard 2.4.3. Expressing the mean as a model deviations 2.5. 1 Going beyond the data 1 2.5.1. The standard error 2.5.2. Confidence intervals 1 2 2.6. 2 Using statistical models to test research questions 2.6.1. Test statistics 1 2.6.2. One- and two-tailed tests 1 2.6.3. Type I and Type II errors 2.6.4. Effect sizes 2.6.5. Statistical power 2 1 3 3.1. 3.2. 3.3. 3.4. The spss environment 2 3.5. 3.6. 3.7. 3.8. 3.9. What have I discovered about statistics? Key terms that I’ve discovered Smart Alex’s stats quiz Further reading Interesting real research 1 59 59 59 60 60 3.4.1. Entering data into the data editor 3.4.2. The ‘Variable View’ 1 1 1 1 61 62 62 63 69 70 77 78 81 82 83 84 The spss viewer 1 The spss SmartViewer The syntax window 3 Saving files 1 Retrieving a file 1 What have I discovered about statistics? 1 85 Key terms that I’ve discovered   85 Smart Alex’s tasks 85 Further reading 86 Online tutorials 86 4 Exploring data with graphs 4.1. 4.2. 61 What will this chapter tell me? Versions of spss 1 Getting started 1 The data editor 1 3.4.3. Missing values 1 1 35 38 40 40 43 48 52 54 55 56 58 What will this chapter tell me? The art of presenting data 1 87 1 4.2.1. What makes a good graph? 1 4.2.2. Lies, damned lies, and … erm … graphs 1 87 88 88 90
  • 5. vii C ontents 4.3. 4.4. 4.5. 4.6. 4.7. 4.8. The spss Chart Builder 1 Histograms: a good way to spot obvious problems Boxplots (box–whisker diagrams) 1 Graphing means: bar charts and error bars 1 4.6.1. 4.6.2. 4.6.3. 4.6.4. 4.6.5. Simple bar charts for independent means 1 Clustered bar charts for independent means 1 Simple bar charts for related means 1 Clustered bar charts for related means 1 Clustered bar charts for ‘mixed’ designs 1 Line charts 1 Graphing relationships: the scatterplot 4.8.1. 4.8.2. 4.8.3. 4.8.4. 4.8.5. 4.8.6. 1 1 Simple scatterplot 1 Grouped scatterplot 1 Simple and grouped 3-D scatterplots Matrix scatterplot 1 Simple dot plot or density plot 1 Drop-line graph 1 4.9. 5 5.1. 5.2. 5.3. 5.4. 1 Exploring assumptions 5.5. 5.6. 5.7. Editing graphs 1 What have I discovered about statistics? Key terms that I’ve discovered Smart Alex’s tasks Further reading Online tutorial Interesting real research 1 129 130 130 130 130 130 131 What will this chapter tell me? 1 What are assumptions? 1 Assumptions of parametric data 1 The assumption of normality 1 5.4.1. no, it’s that pesky frequency distribution again: checking Oh normality visually 1 5.4.2. Quantifying normality with numbers 1 5.4.3. Exploring groups of data 1 Testing whether a distribution is normal 1 5.5.1. Doing the Kolmogorov–Smirnov test on spss 5.5.2. Output from the explore procedure 1 5.5.3. Reporting the K–S test 1 Testing for homogeneity of variance 5.6.1. Levene’s test 5.6.2. Reporting Levene’s test 1 1 1 1 Correcting problems in the data 5.7.1. 5.7.2. 5.7.3. 5.7.4. 91 93 99 103 105 107 109 111 113 115 116 117 119 121 123 125 126 126 2 Dealing with outliers 2 Dealing with non-normality and unequal variances Transforming the data using spss 2 When it all goes horribly wrong 3 2 131 132 132 133 134 136 140 144 145 146 148 149 150 152 153 153 153 156 162 What have I discovered about statistics? 1 164 Key terms that I’ve discovered   164 Smart Alex’s tasks 165 Online tutorial 165 Further reading 165
  • 6. viii D I S C O VE R I N G STAT I ST I C S US I N G S PSS 6 Correlation 6.1. 6.2. 6.3. 166 What will this chapter tell me? 1 Looking at relationships 1 How do we measure relationships? 1 166 167 167 167 169 171 172 173 174 175 175 177 179 181 182 186 186 188 190 191 191 191 192 193 6.3.1. A detour into the murky world of covariance 6.3.2. Standardization and the correlation coefficient 1 6.3.3. The significance of the correlation coefficient 6.3.4. Confidence intervals for r 6.4. 6.5. 6.6. 3 1 3 6.3.5. A word of warning about interpretation: causality Data entry for correlation analysis using spss Bivariate correlation 1 1 6.5.2. Pearson’s correlation coefficient 1 6.5.3. Spearman’s correlation coefficient 6.5.4. Kendall’s tau (non-parametric) 1 1 2 3 6.6.2. Partial correlation using spss 6.6.3. Semi-partial (or part) correlations 6.8. 6.9. 6.5.5. Biserial and point–biserial correlations Partial correlation 1 6.6.1. The theory behind part and partial correlation 6.7. 1 6.5.1. General procedure for running correlations on spss Comparing correlations 3 2 2 2 1 6.7.1. Comparing independent rs 3 3 6.7.2. Comparing dependent rs Calculating the effect size 1 How to report correlation coefficents What have I discovered about statistics? Key terms that I’ve discovered Smart Alex’s tasks Further reading Online tutorial Interesting real research 1 195 195 195 196 196 196 7 Regression 7.1. 7.2. 7.3. 7.4. 7.5. 7.6. 197 What will this chapter tell me? 1 An introduction to regression 1 7.2.1. 7.2.2. 7.2.3. 7.2.4. Some important information about straight lines 1 The method of least squares 1 Assessing the goodness of fit: sums of squares, R and R2 Assessing individual predictors 1 Doing simple regression on spss 1 Interpreting a simple regression 1 7.4.1. Overall fit of the model 7.4.2. Model parameters 1 7.4.3. Using the model 1 1 Multiple regression: the basics 2 7.5.1. An example of a multiple regression model 7.5.2. Sums of squares, R and R2 2 7.5.3. Methods of regression 2 How accurate is my regression model? 2 2 1 197 198 199 200 201 204 205 206 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 214
  • 7. ix C ontents 7.7. 7.8. How to do multiple regression using spss 7.7.1. 7.7.2. 7.7.3. 7.7.4. 7.7.5. 7.7.6. Interpreting multiple regression 7.8.1. 7.8.2. 7.8.3. 7.8.4. 7.8.5. 7.8.6. 7.8.7. 2 2 2 214 220 225 225 225 227 229 230 231 233 233 234 237 241 241 244 247 251 252 253 253 256 Some things to think about before the analysis Main options 2 Statistics 2 Regression plots 2 Saving regression diagnostics 2 Further options 2 2 Descriptives Summary of model 2 Model parameters 2 Excluded variables 2 Assessing the assumption of no multicollinearity Casewise diagnostics 2 Checking assumptions 2 2 7.9. What if I violate an assumption? 2 7.10. How to report multiple regression 2 7.11. Categorical predictors and multiple regression 7.6.1. Assessing the regression model I: diagnostics 2 7.6.2. Assessing the regression model II: generalization 7.11.1. Dummy coding 3 7.11.2. Spss output for dummy variables 3 3 2 What have I discovered about statistics? Key terms that I’ve discovered Smart Alex’s tasks Further reading Online tutorial Interesting real research 1 261 261 262 263 263 263 8 Logistic regression 8.1. 8.2. 8.3. 8.4. 8.5. 8.6. 264 What will this chapter tell me? 1 Background to logistic regression 1 What are the principles behind logistic regression? 8.3.1. 8.3.2. 8.3.3. 8.3.4. 8.3.5. Assumptions and things that can go wrong 8.4.1. 8.4.2. 8.4.3. 8.4.4. 3 Assessing the model: the log-likelihood statistic 3 Assessing the model: R and R2 3 Assessing the contribution of predictors: the Wald statistic The odds ratio: Exp(B) 3 Methods of logistic regression 2 4 Assumptions 2 Incomplete information from the predictors Complete separation 4 Overdispersion 4 2 4 Binary logistic regression: an example that will make you feel eel 8.5.1. 8.5.2. 8.5.3. 8.5.4. 8.5.5. The main analysis 2 Method of regression 2 Categorical predictors 2 Obtaining residuals 2 Further options 2 Interpreting logistic regression 2 2 264 265 265 267 268 269 270 271 273 273 273 274 276 277 278 279 279 280 281 282
  • 8. x D I S C O VE R I N G STAT I ST I C S US I N G S PSS 8.7. 8.8. 8.9. 8.6.1. The initial model 2 3 8.6.3. Listing predicted probabilities 8.6.4. Interpreting residuals 2 2 8.6.5. Calculating the effect size 2 How to report logistic regression 2 Testing assumptions: another example 8.8.1. Testing for linearity of the logit 8.8.2. Testing for multicollinearity 3 2 3 Predicting several categories: multinomial logistic regression 8.9.1. Running multinomial logistic regression in spss 8.9.2. Statistics 3 282 284 291 292 294 294 294 296 297 300 301 304 305 306 312 8.6.2. Step 1: intervention 3 3 8.9.3. Other options 3 8.9.4. Interpreting the multinomial logistic regression output 3 8.9.5. Reporting the results What have I discovered about statistics? Key terms that I’ve discovered Smart Alex’s tasks Further reading Online tutorial Interesting real research 1 313 313 313 315 315 315 9 Comparing two means 9.1. 9.2. 9.3. 9.4. 9.5. 9.6. 9.7. 9.8. 316 What will this chapter tell me? Looking at differences 1 1 9.2.1. problem with error bar graphs of repeated-measures designs A 9.2.2. Step 1: calculate the mean for each participant 9.2.3. Step 2: calculate the grand mean 2 2 9.2.4. Step 3: calculate the adjustment factor 2 9.2.5. Step 4: create adjusted values for each variable The t-test 1 2 9.3.1. Rationale for the t-test 1 9.3.2. Assumptions of the t-test The dependent t-test 1 1 9.4.1. Sampling distributions and the standard error 9.4.2. The dependent t-test equation explained 1 1 9.4.3. The dependent t-test and the assumption of normality 9.4.4. Dependent t-tests using spss 1 9.4.5. Output from the dependent t-test 9.4.6. Calculating the effect size 2 1 9.4.7. Reporting the dependent t-test The independent t-test 1 1 9.5.1. The independent t-test equation explained 9.5.2. The independent t-test using spss 9.5.3. Output from the independent t-test 9.5.4. Calculating the effect size 2 1 1 1 2 9.5.5. Reporting the independent t-test 1 Between groups or repeated measures? 1 The t-test as a general linear model 2 What if my data are not normally distributed? 1 1 316 317 317 320 320 322 323 324 325 326 326 327 327 329 329 330 332 333 334 334 337 339 341 341 342 342 344
  • 9. xi C ontents What have I discovered about statistics? Key terms that I’ve discovered Smart Alex’s task Further reading Online tutorial Interesting real research 1 345 345 346 346 346 346 10 Comparing several means: anova (glm 1) 10.1. What will this chapter tell me? 10.2. The theory behind anova 2 10.2.2. 10.2.3. 10.2.4. 10.2.5. 10.2.6. 10.2.7. 10.2.8. 10.2.9. Inflated error rates Interpreting f 2 2 Anova as regression Logic of the f-ratio 2 2 Total sum of squares (sst) 2 Model sum of squares (ssm) 2 Mean squares The F-ratio 2 2 2 10.2.12. Post hoc procedures 2 Planned comparisons using spss Post hoc tests in spss 2 10.4.1. Output for the main analysis 2 2 Options 10.4.3. 10.3.3. 10.4.2. 2 3 10.4. Output from one-way anova 10.2.11. Planned contrasts 10.3.2. 2 10.2.10. Assumptions of anova 10.3.1. Residual sum of squares (ssr) 10.3. Running one-way anova on spss 10.2.1. 1 347 2 2 Output for planned comparisons Output for post hoc tests 2 2 10.5. Calculating the effect size 2 10.6. Reporting results from one-way independent anova 2 10.7. Violations of assumptions in one-way independent anova What have I discovered about statistics? Key terms that I’ve discovered Smart Alex’s tasks Further reading Online tutorials Interesting real research 1 2 392 392 393 394 394 394 11 Analysis of covariance, ancova (glm 2) 11.1. What will this chapter tell me? 2 11.2. What is ancova? 2 11.3. Assumptions and issues in ancova 11.3.1. 11.3.2. Homogeneity of regression slopes 11.4.1. Inputting data 1 2 395 Independence of the covariate and treatment effect 11.4. Conducting ancova on spss 3 3 3 11.4.2. Initial considerations: testing the independence of the independent variable and covariate 2 347 348 348 349 349 354 356 356 357 358 358 359 360 372 375 376 378 379 381 381 384 385 389 390 391 395 396 397 397 399 399 399 400
  • 10. xii D I S C O VE R I N G STAT I ST I C S US I N G S PSS 2 11.6. 11.7. 11.8. 11.9. 11.10. 11.5.1. 11.5.2. 11.5.3. 11.5.4. 401 401 404 404 405 407 408 408 413 415 417 418 11.5. Interpreting the output from ancova 11.4.3. The main analysis 2 11.4.4. Contrasts and other options 2 What happens when the covariate is excluded? The main analysis 2 Contrasts 2 Interpreting the covariate 2 2 Ancova run as a multiple regression 2 Testing the assumption of homogeneity of regression slopes Calculating the effect size 2 Reporting results 2 What to do when assumptions are violated in ancova 3 What have I discovered about statistics? Key terms that I’ve discovered Smart Alex’s tasks Further reading Online tutorials Interesting real research 2 3 418 419 419 420 420 420 12 Factorial anova (glm 3) 12.1. What will this chapter tell me? 2 12.2. Theory of factorial anova (between-groups) 12.2.1. 12.2.2. 12.2.3. 12.2.4. 12.2.5. 12.2.6. Factorial designs 2 12.3.1. 12.3.2. 12.3.3. 12.3.4. 12.3.5. Total sums of squares (sst) 12.4.1. 12.4.2. 12.4.3. 2 2 The residual sum of squares (ssr) 2 2 The model sum of squares (ssm) The F-ratios 2 2 Entering the data and accessing the main dialog box Graphing interactions Contrasts 2 2 2 2 Output for the preliminary analysis Levene’s test 2 2 2 The main anova table 12.4.4. Contrasts 2 Post hoc tests Options 2 12.4. Output from factorial anova 2 An example with two independent variables 12.3. Factorial anova using spss 421 2 3 12.4.5. Simple effects analysis 12.4.6. Post hoc analysis 2 12.5. 12.6. 12.7. 12.8. 12.9. Interpreting interaction graphs 2 Calculating effect sizes 3 Reporting the results of two-way anova 2 Factorial anova as regression 3 What to do when assumptions are violated in factorial anova What have I discovered about statistics? Key terms that I’ve discovered Smart Alex’s tasks 2 3 421 422 422 423 424 426 428 429 430 430 432 432 434 434 435 435 436 436 439 440 441 443 446 448 450 454 454 455 455
  • 11. xiii C ontents Further reading Online tutorials Interesting real research 456 456 456 13 Repeated-measures designs (glm 4) 457 13.1. What will this chapter tell me? 2 13.2. Introduction to repeated-measures designs 13.10. 13.11. 13.12. 457 458 13.2.1. The assumption of sphericity 2 459 13.2.2. How is sphericity measured? 2 459 13.2.3. Assessing the severity of departures from sphericity 2 460 3 13.2.4. What is the effect of violating the assumption of sphericity? 460 13.2.5. What do you do if you violate sphericity? 2 461 Theory of one-way repeated-measures anova 2 462 13.3.1. The total sum of squares (sst) 2 464 13.3.2. The within-participant (ssw) 2 465 2 13.3.3. The model sum of squares (ssm) 466 13.3.4. The residual sum of squares (ssr) 2 467 13.3.5. The mean squares 2 467 13.3.6. The F-ratio 2 467 13.3.7. The between-participant sum of squares 2 468 One-way repeated-measures anova using spss 2 468 13.4.1. The main analysis 2 468 13.4.2. Defining contrasts for repeated-measures 2 471 13.4.3. Post hoc tests and additional options 3 471 Output for one-way repeated-measures anova 2 474 13.5.1. Descriptives and other diagnostics 1 474 13.5.2. Assessing and correcting for sphericity: Mauchly’s test 2 474 2 13.5.3. The main anova 475 13.5.4. Contrasts 2 477 13.5.5. Post hoc tests 2 478 Effect sizes for repeated-measures anova 3 479 Reporting one-way repeated-measures anova 2 481 2 Repeated-measures with several independent variables 482 13.8.1. The main analysis 2 484 13.8.2. Contrasts 2 488 13.8.3. Simple effects analysis 3 488 13.8.4. Graphing interactions 2 490 13.8.5. Other options 2 491 2 Output for factorial repeated-measures anova 492 13.9.1. Descriptives and main analysis 2 492 13.9.2. The effect of drink 2 493 13.9.3. The effect of imagery 2 495 13.9.4. The interaction effect (drink × imagery) 2 496 13.9.5. Contrasts for repeated-measures variables 2 498 3 Effect sizes for factorial repeated-measures anova 501 Reporting the results from factorial repeated-measures anova 2 502 What to do when assumptions are violated in repeated-measures anova 3 503 What have I discovered about statistics? Key terms that I’ve discovered 13.3. 13.4. 13.5. 13.6. 13.7. 13.8. 13.9. 2 2 503 504
  • 12. xiv D I S C O VE R I N G STAT I ST I C S US I N G S PSS Smart Alex’s tasks Further reading Online tutorials Interesting real research 504 505 505 505 14 Mixed design anova (glm 5) 14.1. 14.2. 14.3. 14.4. 506 What will this chapter tell me? 1 Mixed designs 2 What do men and women look for in a partner? Mixed anova on spss 2 14.4.1. The main analysis 14.4.2. Other options 2 14.5.1. The main effect of gender 2 The main effect of looks 14.5.3. The main effect of charisma 14.5.4. The interaction between gender and looks 14.5.6. 14.5.7. 14.5.8. 14.5.2. 14.5.5. 3 2 14.5. Output for mixed factorial anova: main analysis 2 506 507 508 508 508 513 514 517 518 520 521 523 524 527 530 531 533 536 2 2 2 The interaction between gender and charisma 2 The interaction between attractiveness and charisma 2 The interaction between looks, charisma and gender 3 Conclusions 3 14.6. Calculating effect sizes 3 14.7. Reporting the results of mixed anova 2 14.8. What to do when assumptions are violated in mixed ANOVA What have I discovered about statistics? Key terms that I’ve discovered Smart Alex’s tasks Further reading Online tutorials Interesting real research 2 3 536 537 537 538 538 538 15 Non-parametric tests 539 15.1. What will this chapter tell me? 1 15.2. When to use non-parametric tests 1 15.3. Comparing two independent conditions: the Wilcoxon rank-sum test and Mann–Whitney test 1 15.3.1. Theory 15.3.2. Inputting data and provisional analysis 15.3.3. Running the analysis 15.3.4. 15.3.5. 2 1 Output from the Mann–Whitney test Calculating an effect size 2 1 15.3.6. Writing the results 15.4.1. Theory of the Wilcoxon signed-rank test 1 1 15.4. Comparing two related conditions: the Wilcoxon signed-rank test 15.4.2. 15.4.3. Running the analysis 1 Output for the ecstasy group 1 15.4.4. Output for the alcohol group 1 15.4.5. 15.4.6. Calculating an effect size Writing the results 1 2 2 1 539 540 540 542 545 546 548 550 550 552 552 554 556 557 558 558
  • 13. xv C ontents 15.5. Differences between several independent groups: the Kruskal–Wallis test 15.5.1. Theory of the Kruskal–Wallis test 15.5.2. Inputting data and provisional analysis 1 15.5.3. Doing the Kruskal–Wallis test on spss 1 15.5.5. 15.5.6. 15.5.7. 15.5.8. Output from the Kruskal–Wallis test 1 Post hoc tests for the Kruskal–Wallis test 2 Testing for trends: the Jonckheere–Terpstra test Calculating an effect size 2 2 Writing and interpreting the results 1 15.6. Differences between several related groups: Friedman’s anova 15.5.4. 2 15.6.1. 15.6.2. 15.6.3. 15.6.4. 15.6.5. 15.6.6. 15.6.7. Theory of Friedman’s anova 2 Inputting data and provisional analysis Doing Friedman’s anova on spss Output from Friedman’s anova 1 1 2 Post hoc tests for Friedman’s anova Calculating an effect size 1 2 Writing and interpreting the results 1 What have I discovered about statistics? Key terms that I’ve discovered Smart Alex’s tasks Further reading Online tutorial Interesting real research 1 16.3.1. Words of warning 16.3.2. The example for this chapter 16.4. Theory of manova 16.4.3. Introduction to matrices 3 Some important matrices and their functions 16.4.4. Principle of the manova test statistic 4 16.5.1. 3 16.5.2. 16.5.3. 16.6.1. 16.6.2. 16.6.3. Assumptions and how to check them Choosing a test statistic Follow-up analysis 2 3 3 2 3 The main analysis Multiple comparisons in Manova Additional options 3 3 2 16.7.1. Preliminary analysis and testing assumptions 16.7.2. Manova test statistics 16.7.3. 16.7.4. 16.7.5. 16.7. Output from manova 3 Calculating manova by hand: a worked example 16.6. Manova on spss 16.4.2. Univariate test statistics Sscp Matrices Contrasts 3 3 16.5. Practical issues when conducting manova 16.4.1. 2 2 3 3 2 559 560 562 562 564 565 568 570 571 573 573 575 575 576 577 579 580 584 16.1. What will this chapter tell me? 2 16.2. When to use manova 2 16.3. Introduction: similarities and differences to anova 2 581 582 582 583 583 583 16 Multivariate analysis of variance (manova) 1 1 3 3 584 585 585 587 587 588 588 590 591 598 603 603 604 605 605 606 607 607 608 608 608 609 611 613
  • 14. xvi D I S C O VE R I N G STAT I ST I C S US I N G S PSS 16.8. 16.9. 16.10. 16.11. 16.12. Reporting results from manova 2 Following up manova with discriminant analysis Output from the discriminant analysis 4 Reporting results from discriminant analysis 2 Some final remarks 4 16.12.1. The final interpretation 3 16.12.2. Univariate anova or discriminant analysis? 4 16.13. What to do when assumptions are violated in Manova What have I discovered about statistics? Key terms that I’ve discovered Smart Alex’s tasks Further reading Online tutorials Interesting real research 2 3 624 625 625 626 626 626 17 Exploratory factor analysis 17.3.2. 17.3.3. Graphical representation of factors 17.4.1. 17.4.2. 17.4.3. 2 Mathematical representation of factors Factor scores 2 Communality 2 2 Choosing a method 2 2 Factor analysis vs. principal component analysis 17.4.4. Theory behind principal component analysis 17.4.5. 17.4.6. 17.5.1. 3 Improving interpretation: factor rotation 2 2 Before you begin 17.6. Running the analysis 3 2 Factor extraction: eigenvalues and the scree plot 17.5. Research example 17.3.1. 17.4. Discovering factors 627 17.1. What will this chapter tell me? 1 17.2. When to use factor analysis 2 17.3. Factors 2 2 2 17.6.1. Factor extraction on spss 17.6.2. Rotation 2 Scores 17.6.4. Options 17.7.1. Preliminary analysis 2 17.7.2. 17.7.3. 17.7.4. 17.7.5. 17.9.1. 17.9.2. 17.9.3. 17.9.4. 2 Factor extraction 2 Factor rotation 2 2 Factor scores Summary 2 2 2 17.8. How to report factor analysis 17.9. Reliability analysis 2 2 17.7. Interpreting output from spss 17.6.3. Measures of reliability 1 3 Interpreting Cronbach’s α (some cautionary tales …) Reliability analysis on spss Interpreting the output 614 615 618 621 622 622 624 624 2 2 17.10. How to report reliability analysis 2 2 627 628 628 630 631 633 636 636 637 638 638 639 642 645 645 650 651 653 654 654 655 656 660 664 669 671 671 673 673 675 676 678 681
  • 15. xvii C ontents What have I discovered about statistics? Key terms that I’ve discovered Smart Alex’s tasks Further reading Online tutorial Interesting real research 2 18 Categorical data 18.4. 18.5. 18.6. 18.7. 18.8. 686 18.1. What will this chapter tell me? 1 18.2. Analysing categorical data 1 18.3. Theory of analysing categorical data 18.9. 18.10. 18.11. 18.12. 686 687 1 687 18.3.1. Pearson’s chi-square test 1 688 18.3.2. Fisher’s exact test 1 690 2 18.3.3. The likelihood ratio 690 18.3.4. Yates’ correction 2 691 Assumptions of the chi-square test 1 691 Doing chi-square on spss 1 692 1 18.5.1. Entering data: raw scores 692 18.5.2. Entering data: weight cases 1 692 18.5.3. Running the analysis 1 694 18.5.4. Output for the chi-square test 1 696 2 698 18.5.5. Breaking down a significant chi-square test with standardized residuals 18.5.6. Calculating an effect size 2 699 18.5.7. Reporting the results of chi-square 1 700 Several categorical variables: loglinear analysis 3 702 4 18.6.1. Chi-square as regression 702 18.6.2. Loglinear analysis 3 708 Assumptions in loglinear analysis 2 710 Loglinear analysis using spss 2 711 18.8.1. Initial considerations 2 711 18.8.2. The loglinear analysis 2 712 Output from loglinear analysis 3 714 Following up loglinear analysis 2 719 Effect sizes in loglinear analysis 2 720 Reporting the results of loglinear analysis 2 721 What have I discovered about statistics? Key terms that I’ve discovered Smart Alex’s tasks Further reading Online tutorial Interesting real research 19 Multilevel linear models 19.1. What will this chapter tell me? 19.2. Hierarchical data 2 1 722 722 722 724 724 724 725 1 19.2.1. The intraclass correlation 19.2.2. Benefits of multilevel models 2 19.3. Theory of multilevel linear models 3 682 682 683 685 685 685 2 725 726 728 729 730
  • 16. xviii D I S C O VE R I N G STAT I ST I C S US I N G S PSS 19.3.2. An example 2 19.4.1. 19.4.2. Fixed an