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Korean War - 5/6/09
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Korean War - 5/6/09

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Korean War - 5/6/09 Korean War - 5/6/09 Presentation Transcript

  • The “Forgotten War” Police Action in Korea (1950 - 1953)
  • American Policy and Asia After WWII
    • Growth of Communism in Asia
    • New Policy towards Japan
    • Korean War
  • The Chinese Revolution
    • Mao Tse-Tung (Mao Zedong) - Communists
    • Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-shek) - Nationalists
    • People’s Republic of China
  • Fear of Communism Grows
    • People’s Republic of China (1949)
    • Soviet Union has nuclear power (1949)
    • Alliance between People’s Republic of China and Soviet Union (1950)
  • China and the UN
    • China was a Security Council Member of the UN
    • What happened to its seat on the Council after the Chinese Revolution?
  • American Policy towards Japan
    • Gen. Douglas MacArthur: democracy and security
    • Economic recovery
    • Key to defense against communism in Asia
  • The Korean War
    • Japan ruled Korea from 1910 to 1945
    • Allies divided Korea at 38th Parallel
    • U.S. and Soviet Union could not agree
    • Communist govt set up in North and American-backed govt. set up in South
    • U.S. and Soviet troops left in 1949
    • Soviets gave aid to North’s military
  • North Invades South
    • June 25, 1950: Northern troops invade the South
    • U.S. Containment policy is tested
    • Truman ordered U.S. navy and air force to action
    • Truman appeals to U.N. to act
    • Truman sends MacArthur to lead troops
  • Invasion June 25, 1950 - September 1950
  • NSC-68
    • 1950 - U.S. should quadruple defense spending
    • Resurrected by Korean crisis
    • Truman ordered massive military buildup
    • 3.5 million men in arms and $50 billion per year on defense (13% of GNP)
  • “ Pusan Perimeter”
  • Behind Enemy Lines Sept. 15, 1950
  • North Korean Troops Retreat
  • China Enters the War November 1950
  • Stalemate
  • Truman v. MacArthur
    • Truman wanted “limited war” - feared that all-out war in Korea might lead to nuclear war.
    • MacArthur went to public: “There is no substitute for victory.”
    • April 11, 1951: Truman fires MacArthur
    • MacArthur remained popular in the public eye and received hero’s welcome
    • July 27, 1953: Armistice signed
  • Public Opinion of the War
    • Almost 3 million Koreans dead/wounded
    • 33,600 American soldiers died in action
    • 2,800 died from accidents or disease
    • Public opinion polls from 1953
  • Was it worth fighting a stalemate?
  • Effects of Korean War
    • U.S. military buildup
    • Expanded Cold War to Asia
      • SEATO (1954): Southeast Asia Treaty Organization - Japan, S. Korea, Taiwan, the Philippines, Australia
      • America gave aid to French forces fighting Communists in Vietnam
  • Korean Relations Today
    • N. and S. Korea never signed treaty
    • 1991: Both accepted into UN
    • 2000: Signed N-S Joint Declaration
    • 2007: Pledged to hold talks about reunification
    • 6-party talks: S. Korea, N. Korea, U.S., Russia, China, Japan
    • N. Korea has 4th largest military in world
  • Korean DMZ