The “Forgotten War” Police Action in Korea (1950 - 1953)
American Policy and Asia After WWII <ul><li>Growth of Communism in Asia </li></ul><ul><li>New Policy towards Japan </li></...
The Chinese Revolution <ul><li>Mao Tse-Tung (Mao Zedong) - Communists </li></ul><ul><li>Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-shek) - N...
Fear of Communism Grows <ul><li>People’s Republic of China (1949) </li></ul><ul><li>Soviet Union has nuclear power (1949) ...
China and the UN <ul><li>China was a Security Council Member of the UN </li></ul><ul><li>What happened to its seat on the ...
American Policy towards Japan <ul><li>Gen. Douglas MacArthur: democracy and security </li></ul><ul><li>Economic recovery <...
The Korean War <ul><li>Japan ruled Korea from 1910 to 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Allies divided Korea at 38th Parallel </li></...
North Invades South <ul><li>June 25, 1950: Northern troops invade the South </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Containment policy is t...
Invasion June 25, 1950 - September 1950
NSC-68 <ul><li>1950 - U.S. should quadruple defense spending </li></ul><ul><li>Resurrected by Korean crisis </li></ul><ul>...
“ Pusan Perimeter”
Behind Enemy Lines  Sept. 15, 1950
North Korean Troops Retreat
China Enters the War November 1950
Stalemate
Truman v. MacArthur <ul><li>Truman wanted “limited war” - feared that all-out war in Korea might lead to nuclear war. </li...
Public Opinion of the War <ul><li>Almost 3 million Koreans dead/wounded </li></ul><ul><li>33,600 American soldiers died in...
Was it worth fighting a stalemate?
Effects of Korean War <ul><li>U.S. military buildup </li></ul><ul><li>Expanded Cold War to Asia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SEAT...
Korean Relations Today <ul><li>N. and S. Korea never signed treaty </li></ul><ul><li>1991: Both accepted into UN </li></ul...
Korean DMZ
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Korean War - 5/6/09

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  • Korean War - 5/6/09

    1. 1. The “Forgotten War” Police Action in Korea (1950 - 1953)
    2. 2. American Policy and Asia After WWII <ul><li>Growth of Communism in Asia </li></ul><ul><li>New Policy towards Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Korean War </li></ul>
    3. 3. The Chinese Revolution <ul><li>Mao Tse-Tung (Mao Zedong) - Communists </li></ul><ul><li>Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-shek) - Nationalists </li></ul><ul><li>People’s Republic of China </li></ul>
    4. 4. Fear of Communism Grows <ul><li>People’s Republic of China (1949) </li></ul><ul><li>Soviet Union has nuclear power (1949) </li></ul><ul><li>Alliance between People’s Republic of China and Soviet Union (1950) </li></ul>
    5. 5. China and the UN <ul><li>China was a Security Council Member of the UN </li></ul><ul><li>What happened to its seat on the Council after the Chinese Revolution? </li></ul>
    6. 6. American Policy towards Japan <ul><li>Gen. Douglas MacArthur: democracy and security </li></ul><ul><li>Economic recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Key to defense against communism in Asia </li></ul>
    7. 7. The Korean War <ul><li>Japan ruled Korea from 1910 to 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Allies divided Korea at 38th Parallel </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. and Soviet Union could not agree </li></ul><ul><li>Communist govt set up in North and American-backed govt. set up in South </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. and Soviet troops left in 1949 </li></ul><ul><li>Soviets gave aid to North’s military </li></ul>
    8. 8. North Invades South <ul><li>June 25, 1950: Northern troops invade the South </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Containment policy is tested </li></ul><ul><li>Truman ordered U.S. navy and air force to action </li></ul><ul><li>Truman appeals to U.N. to act </li></ul><ul><li>Truman sends MacArthur to lead troops </li></ul>
    9. 9. Invasion June 25, 1950 - September 1950
    10. 10. NSC-68 <ul><li>1950 - U.S. should quadruple defense spending </li></ul><ul><li>Resurrected by Korean crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Truman ordered massive military buildup </li></ul><ul><li>3.5 million men in arms and $50 billion per year on defense (13% of GNP) </li></ul>
    11. 11. “ Pusan Perimeter”
    12. 12. Behind Enemy Lines Sept. 15, 1950
    13. 13. North Korean Troops Retreat
    14. 14. China Enters the War November 1950
    15. 15. Stalemate
    16. 16. Truman v. MacArthur <ul><li>Truman wanted “limited war” - feared that all-out war in Korea might lead to nuclear war. </li></ul><ul><li>MacArthur went to public: “There is no substitute for victory.” </li></ul><ul><li>April 11, 1951: Truman fires MacArthur </li></ul><ul><li>MacArthur remained popular in the public eye and received hero’s welcome </li></ul><ul><li>July 27, 1953: Armistice signed </li></ul>
    17. 17. Public Opinion of the War <ul><li>Almost 3 million Koreans dead/wounded </li></ul><ul><li>33,600 American soldiers died in action </li></ul><ul><li>2,800 died from accidents or disease </li></ul><ul><li>Public opinion polls from 1953 </li></ul>
    18. 18. Was it worth fighting a stalemate?
    19. 19. Effects of Korean War <ul><li>U.S. military buildup </li></ul><ul><li>Expanded Cold War to Asia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SEATO (1954): Southeast Asia Treaty Organization - Japan, S. Korea, Taiwan, the Philippines, Australia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>America gave aid to French forces fighting Communists in Vietnam </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Korean Relations Today <ul><li>N. and S. Korea never signed treaty </li></ul><ul><li>1991: Both accepted into UN </li></ul><ul><li>2000: Signed N-S Joint Declaration </li></ul><ul><li>2007: Pledged to hold talks about reunification </li></ul><ul><li>6-party talks: S. Korea, N. Korea, U.S., Russia, China, Japan </li></ul><ul><li>N. Korea has 4th largest military in world </li></ul>
    21. 21. Korean DMZ
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