What caused the rise of totalitarianism after WWI? Totalitarianism  = the political concept that the citizen should be tot...
Italy - Benito Mussolini
Fascism <ul><li>Definition : An aggressive nationalistic movement that considered the nation more important than the indiv...
Invasion of Ethiopia (Abyssinia)
Treaty of Versailles
How did the treaty affect Germany?
Economic Crisis Hyperinflation…
Effects of hyperinflation…
“ Town Shelter” by Kathe Kollwitz
1932: Enough! Vote Hitler!
 
Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party
The Spanish Civil War - Francisco Franco
“The Abraham Lincoln Brigade”
Bombing of Guernica
Picasso’s “Guernica”
Joseph Stalin and the USSR
What is Communism? <ul><li>Definition:  system of production for use based on public ownership of means of production and ...
5 Year Plans <ul><li>Effort to industrialize the country </li></ul><ul><li>Increased steel production </li></ul><ul><li>De...
Militarism in Japan
Militarism <ul><li>Definition:  a political orientation of a people or a government to maintain a strong military force an...
Japan invades Manchuria
Anti-Comintern Pact and  Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis <ul><li>Japan needed support from other fascist powers </li></ul><ul><li>P...
Democracy <ul><li>Definition:  a form of government in which power is held directly or indirectly by citizens under a free...
Political Systems in WWII democracy communism militarism fascism Characteristics Definition Type
Emerging Dictatorships… Japan Germany USSR Italy Supporting Information Type of Dictatorship Leader Country
What Caused the Rise of Dictatorships? <ul><li>Versailles Treaty </li></ul><ul><li>Economic depression </li></ul><ul><li>S...
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Emerging Dictatorships

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  • Emerging Dictatorships

    1. 1. What caused the rise of totalitarianism after WWI? Totalitarianism = the political concept that the citizen should be totally subject to an absolute state authority
    2. 2. Italy - Benito Mussolini
    3. 3. Fascism <ul><li>Definition : An aggressive nationalistic movement that considered the nation more important than the individual </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Order in society only comes through a dictator with a strong government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nations become great by building an empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anticommunist </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Invasion of Ethiopia (Abyssinia)
    5. 5. Treaty of Versailles
    6. 6. How did the treaty affect Germany?
    7. 7. Economic Crisis Hyperinflation…
    8. 8. Effects of hyperinflation…
    9. 9. “ Town Shelter” by Kathe Kollwitz
    10. 10. 1932: Enough! Vote Hitler!
    11. 12. Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party
    12. 13. The Spanish Civil War - Francisco Franco
    13. 14. “The Abraham Lincoln Brigade”
    14. 15. Bombing of Guernica
    15. 16. Picasso’s “Guernica”
    16. 17. Joseph Stalin and the USSR
    17. 18. What is Communism? <ul><li>Definition: system of production for use based on public ownership of means of production and centralized planning, where each person is paid according to their abilities and needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>capitalism -> socialism -> communism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>classless society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>individual is second to society. </li></ul></ul>
    18. 19. 5 Year Plans <ul><li>Effort to industrialize the country </li></ul><ul><li>Increased steel production </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased wages </li></ul><ul><li>Collectives: government-owned farms </li></ul><ul><li>10 million peasants died in famines during 1932 and 1933 </li></ul><ul><li>Internal terrorism </li></ul><ul><li>Concentration camps - 2 million people in slave labor </li></ul>
    19. 20. Militarism in Japan
    20. 21. Militarism <ul><li>Definition: a political orientation of a people or a government to maintain a strong military force and to be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests </li></ul><ul><li>http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=militarism </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Claims military is most important aspect of the state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continuous preparations for war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Country is run by the military </li></ul></ul>
    21. 22. Japan invades Manchuria
    22. 23. Anti-Comintern Pact and Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis <ul><li>Japan needed support from other fascist powers </li></ul><ul><li>Pact required Japan and Germany to exchange information about communist groups </li></ul><ul><li>1936: signed military agreement with Italy and Germany to form Axis Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Formally became allies in 1940 </li></ul>
    23. 24. Democracy <ul><li>Definition: a form of government in which power is held directly or indirectly by citizens under a free electoral system </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Majority rule/individual rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic human rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free and fair elections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizenship - responsibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rule of law </li></ul></ul>
    24. 25. Political Systems in WWII democracy communism militarism fascism Characteristics Definition Type
    25. 26. Emerging Dictatorships… Japan Germany USSR Italy Supporting Information Type of Dictatorship Leader Country
    26. 27. What Caused the Rise of Dictatorships? <ul><li>Versailles Treaty </li></ul><ul><li>Economic depression </li></ul><ul><li>Social unrest </li></ul><ul><li>Desperation for strong leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalist sentiments </li></ul><ul><li>Anything else? </li></ul>

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