Emerging Dictatorships

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  • 1. What caused the rise of totalitarianism after WWI? Totalitarianism = the political concept that the citizen should be totally subject to an absolute state authority
  • 2. Italy - Benito Mussolini
  • 3. Fascism
    • Definition : An aggressive nationalistic movement that considered the nation more important than the individual
    • Characteristics:
      • Order in society only comes through a dictator with a strong government
      • Nations become great by building an empire
      • Anticommunist
  • 4. Invasion of Ethiopia (Abyssinia)
  • 5. Treaty of Versailles
  • 6. How did the treaty affect Germany?
  • 7. Economic Crisis Hyperinflation…
  • 8. Effects of hyperinflation…
  • 9. “ Town Shelter” by Kathe Kollwitz
  • 10. 1932: Enough! Vote Hitler!
  • 11.  
  • 12. Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party
  • 13. The Spanish Civil War - Francisco Franco
  • 14. “The Abraham Lincoln Brigade”
  • 15. Bombing of Guernica
  • 16. Picasso’s “Guernica”
  • 17. Joseph Stalin and the USSR
  • 18. What is Communism?
    • Definition: system of production for use based on public ownership of means of production and centralized planning, where each person is paid according to their abilities and needs.
    • Characteristics:
      • capitalism -> socialism -> communism
      • classless society
      • individual is second to society.
  • 19. 5 Year Plans
    • Effort to industrialize the country
    • Increased steel production
    • Decreased wages
    • Collectives: government-owned farms
    • 10 million peasants died in famines during 1932 and 1933
    • Internal terrorism
    • Concentration camps - 2 million people in slave labor
  • 20. Militarism in Japan
  • 21. Militarism
    • Definition: a political orientation of a people or a government to maintain a strong military force and to be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests
    • http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=militarism
    • Characteristics:
      • Claims military is most important aspect of the state
      • Continuous preparations for war
      • Country is run by the military
  • 22. Japan invades Manchuria
  • 23. Anti-Comintern Pact and Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis
    • Japan needed support from other fascist powers
    • Pact required Japan and Germany to exchange information about communist groups
    • 1936: signed military agreement with Italy and Germany to form Axis Powers
    • Formally became allies in 1940
  • 24. Democracy
    • Definition: a form of government in which power is held directly or indirectly by citizens under a free electoral system
    • Characteristics:
      • Majority rule/individual rights
      • Basic human rights
      • Free and fair elections
      • Citizenship - responsibility
      • Rule of law
  • 25. Political Systems in WWII democracy communism militarism fascism Characteristics Definition Type
  • 26. Emerging Dictatorships… Japan Germany USSR Italy Supporting Information Type of Dictatorship Leader Country
  • 27. What Caused the Rise of Dictatorships?
    • Versailles Treaty
    • Economic depression
    • Social unrest
    • Desperation for strong leadership
    • Nationalist sentiments
    • Anything else?