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Spine 101
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Spine 101

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A quick lesson on your spine and how it works.

A quick lesson on your spine and how it works.

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    Spine 101 Spine 101 Presentation Transcript

    • Spine 101 brought to you by Kruse Chiropractic © Copyright, 2006, PreventiCare® Publishing
    • The Foundation of a Healthy Life
      • A healthy spine is the foundation of a healthy life.
      © Copyright, 2006, PreventiCare® Publishing
      • To care for the spine properly, it’s first important to understand its structure and function.
    • The Spinal Structure © Copyright, 2006, PreventiCare® Publishing The vertebral column keeps us vertical and protects the spinal column. The spine is made up of 24 bones known as vertebrae. The vertebrae rest on a bone called the sacrum. Below the sacrum is the coccyx. Between the vertebrae are joints, which are cushioned intervertebral discs (IVDs).
    • The Vertebra Structure © Copyright, 2006, PreventiCare® Publishing Vertebrae consist of… Vertebrae protect the vertebral foramen, where the spinal cord passes through. A weight-bearing outer bone called the centrum. A ring-shaped arch, which is attached to the centrum.
    • Types of Vertebrae © Copyright, 2006, PreventiCare® Publishing Cervical vertebrae: lightweight for flexibility and range of motion. Thoracic vertebrae: each attached to a rib. Lumbar vertebrae: bear the weight of the head and trunk. Sacrum: five fused bones flanked by pelvis bones. Coccyx: four fused vertebrae.
    • Crucial Curves
      • Slight front-to-back curves are essential to spinal health.
      © Copyright, 2006, PreventiCare® Publishing
      • The three normal curves of the vertebral column are...
      Cervical lordosis: Loss of this curve = straightened or “military” neck. Thoracic kyphosis: Excessive kyphosis = “hunch back.” Lumbar lordosis: excessive lordisis = “sway back.”
    • Vertebral Subluxations
      • Repetitive motion, trauma, sports activities and office work may all generate alterations in spinal alignment.
      © Copyright, 2006, PreventiCare® Publishing
      • When vertebrae become misaligned, the result is a condition known as vertebral subluxation.
      • This common occurrence is linked with health concerns such as carpal tunnel syndrome, headaches, backaches, infantile colic and ear infections.
    • Detecting and Correcting Vertebral Subluxations
      • To detect vertebral subluxations, chiropractors:
      © Copyright, 2006, PreventiCare® Publishing
      • Use the sense of touch, known as palpation .
      • Evaluate range of motion, posture and muscle tension .
      • Perform orthopedic and neurological tests .
      • To correct vertebral subluxations, chiropractors:
      • Use safe and gentle maneuvers called chiropractic adjustments .
    • Innervation
      • Imagine a railroad station with trains chugging in and out in every direction.
      © Copyright, 2006, PreventiCare® Publishing
      • Your spinal cord is like a railroad station, but instead of trains, nerves enter and exit the “station:” a process called innervation.
      • Research indicates vertebral subluxations may affect nerve transmission .
      Nerves slide into the spinal cord between vertebrae… … then on to the body’s muscles, organs and other structures.
    • Herniated Discs
      • When a disc is compromised and the jelly center begins to ooze, it creates a herniated disc.
      © Copyright, 2006, PreventiCare® Publishing
      • Herniated discs are often referred to as “slipped,” although the disc itself does not typically move.
      • Chiropractic provides a safe, noninvasive alternative to surgery for many patients with herniated discs.
    • How’s Your Spine?
      • Even slight misalignments in the spine can trigger chronic conditions.
      © Copyright, 2006, PreventiCare® Publishing
      • The best way to evaluate your spinal health is to schedule an appointment with your doctor of chiropractic for a complete examination.