Vietnam Conflict
The Anti-War Movement Arises
Anti-War Movement <ul><li>RITA </li></ul><ul><li>SNCC </li></ul><ul><li>SDS </li></ul><ul><li>Black Panther Party </li></u...
WHEN & WHERE FORMED?   <ul><li>1962: Port Huron, Mich </li></ul><ul><li>1968-69: all over the US  </li></ul><ul><li>1966: ...
WHO JOINED & FAMOUS LEADERS?   <ul><li>Students (K-college), work force adults, VN soldiers, int’l protesters </li></ul><u...
PURPOSE? <ul><li>Educate about changing politics & occurrences in war </li></ul><ul><li>Protest the war, save own lives </...
METHODS EMPLOYED?   <ul><li>Sit-ins, public demonstrations, Freedom Rides & Ballots, denounced war as racist </li></ul><ul...
END RESULT OF ORGANIZATION? <ul><li>Over 2 million people participated in US </li></ul><ul><li>Disbanded when U.S. withdre...
<ul><li>WOODSTOCK </li></ul><ul><li>120,000 expected </li></ul><ul><li>400,000 arrived </li></ul><ul><li>Bethel, New York ...
 
Anti-War Movement <ul><li>RITA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cause:  Internal dissension and low morale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
Anti-War Movement <ul><li>SDS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Young college students  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Started in Michigan...
Anti-War Movement <ul><li>The Resistance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>College students who </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>refused...
http://www.vietnampix.com/hippie3b.htm “ Soldiers and protesters take some time off.    The anti-war movement was without ...
 
LBJ chose not to run for reelection Middle of the night updates, death tolls, opposition at home...
Kent State Massacre (5/2/1970) <ul><ul><li>Riots downtown after troops to Cambodia  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Gu...
Kent State Massacre (5/2/1970) <ul><ul><li>Not violent at first – put flowers in rifles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People ...
 
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Vietnam conflict day 5

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Vietnam conflict day 5

  1. 1. Vietnam Conflict
  2. 2. The Anti-War Movement Arises
  3. 3. Anti-War Movement <ul><li>RITA </li></ul><ul><li>SNCC </li></ul><ul><li>SDS </li></ul><ul><li>Black Panther Party </li></ul><ul><li>The Resistance </li></ul><ul><li>The Moratorium </li></ul><ul><li>Woodstock Festival </li></ul>
  4. 4. WHEN & WHERE FORMED? <ul><li>1962: Port Huron, Mich </li></ul><ul><li>1968-69: all over the US </li></ul><ul><li>1966: Oakland, CA </li></ul><ul><li>1969, gained significant ground in 1970-71: Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Oct. 15, 1969: all over the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>1960: Raleigh, NC </li></ul>SDS The Resistance BPP RITA Moratorium SNCC
  5. 5. WHO JOINED & FAMOUS LEADERS? <ul><li>Students (K-college), work force adults, VN soldiers, int’l protesters </li></ul><ul><li>Followers of Malcolm X, minorities & white revolutionaries (in beginning): Huey Newton & Stokely Carmichael </li></ul><ul><li>College students and professors </li></ul><ul><li>College students, Bl & Wh Americans: John Lewis & Carmichael </li></ul><ul><li>Black soldiers influenced by BPP >> spread to all soldiers, specifically enlistees </li></ul><ul><li>Usually males - late teens & early 20s, college students </li></ul>SDS BPP Resistance RITA SNCC Moratorium
  6. 6. PURPOSE? <ul><li>Educate about changing politics & occurrences in war </li></ul><ul><li>Protest the war, save own lives </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom for minorities & working class – wanted revolutionary socialism </li></ul><ul><li>Show number who opposed war in all South East Asia through solidarity </li></ul><ul><li>Protest mandatory draft & involvement in VN </li></ul><ul><li>Promote desegregation using non-violence (work with SCLC), protested the war </li></ul>SDS RITA BPP Moratorium Resistance SNCC
  7. 7. METHODS EMPLOYED? <ul><li>Sit-ins, public demonstrations, Freedom Rides & Ballots, denounced war as racist </li></ul><ul><li>Teach-ins, strikes, demonstrations (20,000 ppl) </li></ul><ul><li>Refused to register for draft, burned cards </li></ul><ul><li>Stayed home from school & work, campus demonstrations, troops wore black arm bands, religious services, marched on Washington; internationally – met outside U.S. embassies </li></ul><ul><li>Mass organizing, community programs, militant self-defense </li></ul><ul><li>Underground newspapers, coffeehouse mtgs, fragging, refusal to obey orders, “search and avoid” missions, seized control of military prisons </li></ul>SNCC SDS Resistance Moratorium BPP RITA
  8. 8. END RESULT OF ORGANIZATION? <ul><li>Over 2 million people participated in US </li></ul><ul><li>Disbanded when U.S. withdrew from war </li></ul><ul><li>Broke with SCLC over race issues, ejected white members, began to work with BPP, fell apart in late 1960s as lost leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Not united on ideas and tactics, internal disputes, disbanded in late 1960s </li></ul><ul><li>Investigations/attacks by FBI and arrests of leaders led to severe weakening and disintegration in 1980s </li></ul><ul><li>When draft ended, began to focus on U.S. withdrawal from war </li></ul>Moratorium RITA SNCC SDS BPP Resistance
  9. 9. <ul><li>WOODSTOCK </li></ul><ul><li>120,000 expected </li></ul><ul><li>400,000 arrived </li></ul><ul><li>Bethel, New York </li></ul><ul><li>August 1969 </li></ul>
  10. 11. Anti-War Movement <ul><li>RITA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cause: Internal dissension and low morale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coffeehouses as meeting places </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Printed underground newspapers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fragging: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refused to obey orders because… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SNCC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Started by Martin Luther King, Jr. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated assistance with both races </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Denounced war as racist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changed after Stokely Carmichael took over </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Didn’t want White assistance </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Anti-War Movement <ul><li>SDS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Young college students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Started in Michigan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 st major student-led demonstration (20,000 ppl) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kent State Incident (May 4, 1970) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Anti-War Movement <ul><li>The Resistance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>College students who </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>refused to register for </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the draft </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Burned their draft cards </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Moratorium </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Millions stayed home from work in protest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soldiers wore black armbands to show support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Largest ever one day protest </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. http://www.vietnampix.com/hippie3b.htm “ Soldiers and protesters take some time off.   The anti-war movement was without a doubt an important part of the political development in the US at the time.”
  14. 16. LBJ chose not to run for reelection Middle of the night updates, death tolls, opposition at home...
  15. 17. Kent State Massacre (5/2/1970) <ul><ul><li>Riots downtown after troops to Cambodia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Guard called in to campus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>student rxn: cleaned & peaceful protests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>but…ROTC building set on fire </li></ul></ul>
  16. 18. Kent State Massacre (5/2/1970) <ul><ul><li>Not violent at first – put flowers in rifles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People began to push against Guards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guardsmen: tear gas 1 st >bayonets>70 shots fired </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 students died; 1 paralyzed; 8 wounded </li></ul></ul>

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