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The Harlem Renaissance

The Harlem Renaissance



Shortened version meant for English WebQuest

Shortened version meant for English WebQuest



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    The Harlem Renaissance The Harlem Renaissance Presentation Transcript

    • The Harlem Renaissance - A high point in African-American expression of the arts - A growth of racial pride and awareness
    • Background Information
      • Influenced by W.E.B. DuBois
        • editor of “The Crisis”(NAACP publication)
        • Believed social equality achieved by promoting black culture, ideals & achievements
        • Believed educated black elite should lead rest to freedom promoting black pride & heritage
        • Ideas were in opposition to Booker T. Washington
    • Booker T. Washington: Believed in: accommodation, compromise, industrial education
    • W.E.B. DuBois:
      • “ One feels his two-ness – an American, a Negro, two souls, two thoughts, two unreconciled strivings, two warring ideals in one dark body.”
              • - 1897
    • Northern Migration for Blacks
      • In search of a “new life”
        • Less racism, better schools & jobs
      • Migration – “an act of defiance” against social order & political constraints of South
      • Harlem=largest Black community
    • Alain Locke: (philosopher / sociologist) called Northern movement a “spiritual emancipation”
    • Harlem Renaissance
      • Influx of talented Blacks wanting to reach largest audience
        • Many clubs, theatre groups and literary discussions formed
          • Writers – Langston Hughes
          • Music – Duke Ellington, Cab
          • Calloway, Billie Holiday
          • Artists – Meta Warrick Fuller,
          • James Van Der Zee
    • Harlem Ren. con’t
      • Whites heard about HR & invested own money to support artists
        • War affected national views & attitudes
        • Loss of innocence & faith = cynicism
        • Found revitalization the Black Ren.
          • Jazz music
          • Thrill of danger
            • difference in culture
            • Gangster-owned clubs
    • Alaine Locke:
      • “ If I were to offer what Harlem had come to mean in the short span of 20 years, it would be another Statue of Liberty on the landward side of New York.”