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The Great Depression 1929-1939
Getting out of  the Depression polio
 
 
 
Frances  Perkins Sec. of Labor
Eleanor Roosevelt A woman is like a tea bag- you never know how strong she is until she gets in hot water.   Great minds d...
 
 
Fireside Chats
F. D. Roosevelt: <ul><li>“ You have nothing  </li></ul><ul><li>to fear,  </li></ul><ul><li>except fear itself” </li></ul>
The  First
<ul><li>Relief </li></ul><ul><li>Immediate action to halt economy’s deterioration </li></ul><ul><li>2. Recovery </li></ul>...
 
 
<ul><li>Workers organize to better conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First strike 1877: Railroad   </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A...
<ul><li>Renewed interest in UNIONS and collective bargaining </li></ul><ul><li>In three years, 577 often violent strikes <...
Social Security – gone by 2041
<ul><li>Distributes $ from poor to non-poor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poorer generally start working earlier…  </li></ul></ul>...
Where did the U.S. get all the billions of dollars to carry people out of  the Great Depression?
<ul><li>Bank Holiday </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Emergency Relief Act (FERA) </li></ul><ul><li>Civilian Conservation Corps (...
<ul><li>Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) </li></ul><ul><li>Works Progress Administration (WPA) </li></ul><ul><li>National ...
<ul><li>Security & Exchange Commission (SEC) </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) </li></ul><ul>...
Senator Huey Long (La.) <ul><li>“ Share Our Wealth” </li></ul><ul><li>Socialist  </li></ul><ul><li>FDR “too easy on rich” ...
Father Charles Coughlin <ul><li>More economic & political talks on radio than religious </li></ul><ul><li>FDR “too friendl...
Unconstitutional State Gov’t to Regulate Intrastate Business… Hurt small business Congress Can’t  Regulate Agr
Court Packing Changing the Supreme Court…. WHY???
 
 
FDR’s Legacy <ul><li>PROS </li></ul><ul><li>- Unemploy. decreased </li></ul><ul><li>- Increased income </li></ul><ul><li>-...
FDR’s Legacy <ul><li>Set a precedent that  </li></ul><ul><li>the federal government is  </li></ul><ul><li>responsible for ...
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Getting out of depression

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Transcript of "Getting out of depression"

  1. 1. The Great Depression 1929-1939
  2. 2. Getting out of the Depression polio
  3. 6. Frances Perkins Sec. of Labor
  4. 7. Eleanor Roosevelt A woman is like a tea bag- you never know how strong she is until she gets in hot water. Great minds discuss ideas; Average minds discuss events; Small minds discuss people. No one can make you feel inferior without your consent. It is not fair to ask of others what you are unwilling to do yourself. I could not at any age be content to take my place in a corner by the fireside and simply look on.
  5. 10. Fireside Chats
  6. 11. F. D. Roosevelt: <ul><li>“ You have nothing </li></ul><ul><li>to fear, </li></ul><ul><li>except fear itself” </li></ul>
  7. 12. The First
  8. 13. <ul><li>Relief </li></ul><ul><li>Immediate action to halt economy’s deterioration </li></ul><ul><li>2. Recovery </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Pump - Priming“: Temporary programs to restart flow of consumer demand & offer jobs </li></ul><ul><li>3. Reform </li></ul><ul><li>Permanent programs to avoid another depression & insure citizens against economic disasters </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  9. 16. <ul><li>Workers organize to better conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First strike 1877: Railroad </li></ul></ul><ul><li>American Federation of Labor (skilled/craft) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Formed by Samuel Gompers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Used collective bargaining </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Industrial Workers of the World (“unskilled”) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Created by radical unionists and socialists </li></ul></ul></ul>Strikes 1936-39
  10. 17. <ul><li>Renewed interest in UNIONS and collective bargaining </li></ul><ul><li>In three years, 577 often violent strikes </li></ul><ul><li>STEEL, AUTO, RUBBER industries </li></ul>Strikes 1936-39
  11. 18. Social Security – gone by 2041
  12. 19. <ul><li>Distributes $ from poor to non-poor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poorer generally start working earlier… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poorer generally die earlier… </li></ul></ul>
  13. 20. Where did the U.S. get all the billions of dollars to carry people out of the Great Depression?
  14. 21. <ul><li>Bank Holiday </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Emergency Relief Act (FERA) </li></ul><ul><li>Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) </li></ul><ul><li>Civilian Works Administration (CWA & PWA) </li></ul>RELIEF Legislation
  15. 22. <ul><li>Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) </li></ul><ul><li>Works Progress Administration (WPA) </li></ul><ul><li>National Recovery Act (NRA) </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) </li></ul>RECOVERY Legislation
  16. 23. <ul><li>Security & Exchange Commission (SEC) </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) </li></ul><ul><li>National Labor Relations Act / Board (NLRA/B) </li></ul><ul><li>Social Security (SS) </li></ul>REFORM Legislation
  17. 24. Senator Huey Long (La.) <ul><li>“ Share Our Wealth” </li></ul><ul><li>Socialist </li></ul><ul><li>FDR “too easy on rich” </li></ul><ul><li>Money spent on public works </li></ul><ul><li>- Guaranteed $5,000 to all </li></ul><ul><li>- Take millionaire’s $ and divide </li></ul><ul><li>- Everyone gets car, house, radio </li></ul><ul><li>- “Every Man A King, but no one wears a crown” </li></ul><ul><li>- Shot and killed in 1935 </li></ul>
  18. 25. Father Charles Coughlin <ul><li>More economic & political talks on radio than religious </li></ul><ul><li>FDR “too friendly to bankers” </li></ul><ul><li>- Economic reform = </li></ul><ul><li>anti-comm. & anti-capit. </li></ul><ul><li>- Supported fascism </li></ul><ul><li>- Anti-semitic </li></ul><ul><li>- Isolationist </li></ul><ul><li>- Silenced </li></ul>
  19. 26. Unconstitutional State Gov’t to Regulate Intrastate Business… Hurt small business Congress Can’t Regulate Agr
  20. 27. Court Packing Changing the Supreme Court…. WHY???
  21. 30. FDR’s Legacy <ul><li>PROS </li></ul><ul><li>- Unemploy. decreased </li></ul><ul><li>- Increased income </li></ul><ul><li>- Preserved resources </li></ul><ul><li>- Cushion for elderly/sick </li></ul><ul><li>- Supported unions </li></ul><ul><li>- Ensured bank safety </li></ul><ul><li>CONS </li></ul><ul><li>- National debt increased </li></ul><ul><li>- Doubled fed. Bureaucracy </li></ul><ul><li>- Didn’t increase small business activity </li></ul>
  22. 31. FDR’s Legacy <ul><li>Set a precedent that </li></ul><ul><li>the federal government is </li></ul><ul><li>responsible for the </li></ul><ul><li>economic welfare </li></ul><ul><li>of the people </li></ul>
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