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6 angel island

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6   angel island 6 angel island Presentation Transcript

  • Increasing Restrictions for Immigration
  • For What Reasons Were Immigrants Disliked by Natives?
    • 1.Took jobs
      • worked for less money
    • 2. Supported political machines
      • seen as corrupt – guilt by association
    • 3. FEAR of difference
      • didn’t understand new cultures
    • 4. FEAR of change in the U.S.
      • didn’t want them to gain political power
  • Angel Island (off coast of San Fran) Admin Hospital Detention Employee cottages View slide
    • “ In 1905, construction of an Immigration Station began in the area known as China Cove. Surrounded by public controversy from its inception, the station was finally put into operation in 1910. Although it was billed as the "Ellis Island of the West", within the Immigration Service it was known as "The Guardian of the Western Gate”.
    • This facility was primarily a detention center.
    View slide
    • When opened in 1910, new detention facility on Angel Island considered ideal because of its isolation.
    • buildings to house and care for detainees
    • a pier
    • regular boat service to mainland
    • Until 1940, entry for most Chinese immigrants
        • approximately 175,000 came to Angel Island
    • Average detention = 2-3 weeks
        • many stayed for several months
        • few forced to remain for nearly 2 yrs
  • Pictures
  •  
  • NATIVISM is reborn: Preference towards American born people over immigrants
    • Groups (Immigration Restriction League & Know Nothings) worked to keep immigrants out of political office through:
        • Poll taxes
        • Literacy tests
  •  
    • 2. Anti-Asian Acts were passed
    • Chinese Exclusion Act (1882)
      • Prohibited Chinese from entering U.S. for 10 yrs
      • Extended for another 10 years, then indefinitely
      • Few exceptions = 105 per year entered
      • Repealed in 1943…
        • during WWII (Allies)
  •  
    • Gentleman’s Agreement (1907-8)
      • Fear of “Yellow Peril”
      • – Russo-Japanese War
      • Japanese not issued passports unless had been to U.S. or had relatives here
      • 1907: 30,000 1909: 3,000
  •  
    • Alien Land Law (1913)
      • Asians couldn’t be citizens and couldn’t own land
      • Reduced economic and political power
      • i.e – couldn’t vote or be protected by the Constitution
    • References:
    • The Americans History Textbook
    • http://www.angelisland.org/immigr02.html