1950s shortened

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1950s shortened

  1. 1. The 1950s 1947- 1963
  2. 2. 1947 <ul><li>Chuck Yeager broke the sound barrier with an experimental rocket plane </li></ul><ul><ul><li>760 mph = mach 1 </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. 1963 <ul><li>JFK </li></ul><ul><li>Assassinated </li></ul>
  4. 4. This decade is referred to as the Liberal Consensus
  5. 5. Liberal Consensus <ul><li>Majority of people </li></ul>agree change is necessary…
  6. 6. Liberal Consensus <ul><li>A Change </li></ul>Conservativism
  7. 7. Conservative = <ul><li>Want </li></ul><ul><li>to </li></ul><ul><li>keep </li></ul><ul><li>the </li></ul><ul><li>Status Quo. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><ul><li>… became the key </li></ul></ul>CONFORMITY
  9. 9. <ul><ul><ul><li>offered a sense of </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Protection </li></ul></ul></ul>CONFORMITY
  10. 10. Nuclear Family <ul><li>Mom, Dad, 2.5 kids </li></ul>
  11. 11. Nuclear Family <ul><li>“ BACKBONE ” of the LC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preserved the “American way of life” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish moral fiber (i.e. anti-comm) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Nuclear Family <ul><ul><li>Strong family unit = </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>strong sense of security and protection </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Role of Television <ul><li>TV FLATTENED society </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No race </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No conflicts </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>IF a minority shown… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>in stereotype </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: “Buckwheat” of The Little Rascals </li></ul></ul>Role of Television
  15. 15. Role of Television in 50s Role: Encouraged people to conform to what they saw on TV
  16. 16. Role of religion Religion = nationalism Promoted unity Increase in Protestantism Reinforced morality
  17. 17. G.I. Bill <ul><li>Signed by Truman in 1944 </li></ul><ul><li>Money provided to </li></ul><ul><li>returning WWII soldiers </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Mostly veterans at 1 st </li></ul><ul><li>- All uniform appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Prefabricated parts </li></ul><ul><li>Paved streets </li></ul>Characteristics & “Rules”
  19. 19. http://coursesa.matrix.msu.edu/~hst203/images3/levittown.jpg <ul><li>Paved streets </li></ul><ul><li>Had appliances </li></ul><ul><li>Approved lines only </li></ul><ul><li>No clothes line on Sun. </li></ul>Characteristics & “Rules”
  20. 20. <ul><li>Trees 28’ apart </li></ul><ul><li>Only door chimes </li></ul><ul><li>Supervised lawn cutting </li></ul><ul><li>No fences </li></ul>Characteristics & “Rules”
  21. 21. http://server1.fandm.edu/levittown/images/lg_jpegs/D13G2.jpg
  22. 22. http:// server1.fandm.edu/levittown/images/lg_jpegs/D14G3.jpg
  23. 23. http:// server1.fandm.edu/levittown/images/lg_jpegs/D14G5a.jpg
  24. 24. http://web.clas.ufl.edu/users/chmonty/amh2020/image2RJ.JPG
  25. 25. Open Floor Plan
  26. 26. Picture Windows
  27. 27. Expandable attics… carports too!
  28. 28. Built-in Kitchen
  29. 29. Indoor / Outdoor Living
  30. 30. Impacts of the Suburbs <ul><li>Forced community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ It takes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a village” </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>Development of highway system </li></ul>
  32. 32. http://drake.marin.k12.ca.us/academics/comacad/decades%2000/1950's/goodrefrig.JPG http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.truetoneradioland.com/television001005.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.truetoneradioland.com/page15.htm&h=491&w=437&sz=201&tbnid=yC24nDBWTGIPhM:&tbnh=127&tbnw=113&hl=en&start=6&prev=/images%3Fq%3D1950s%2Bfurniture%26svnum%3D10%26hl%3Den%26lr%3D http://automaticwasher.org/COLLECTIONS/GANSKY1/01@WO-65%20Washer%201950%20%20TR-60%20Filtra-Matic%20Dryer%201952@GANSKY1.jpg <ul><li>Increase in consumer society </li></ul>
  33. 33. Joseph McCarthy
  34. 34. Elizabeth Bentley J. Robert Oppenheimer
  35. 35. Julius & Ethel Rosenberg Klaus Fuchs, Harry Gold, David Greenglass
  36. 36. Alger Hiss The Hollywood Ten
  37. 37. Action in the North Atlantic (1943) * assault on American isolationists * supported Stalin’s purges * anti-fascist Song of Russia (1944) * smiling Russian children Mission to Mars (1945) * Russians calling our men “comrade”
  38. 38. Agencies and Laws <ul><li>McCarren Act: </li></ul><ul><li>HUAC: </li></ul><ul><li>CIA: </li></ul><ul><li>NSC: </li></ul><ul><li>FBI: </li></ul>
  39. 42. The Beat Generation <ul><li>Jack Kerouac </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1923-1969 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Allen Ginsberg </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1926-1997 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>William Burroughs * </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1914-1997 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Poets influenced by Walt Whitman </li></ul><ul><li>What does “Beat” mean? beat, beattitude, beatific(ation) </li></ul><ul><li>Greenwich Village, NY to San Francisco </li></ul><ul><li>Usually male (?) & homosexual or bisexual </li></ul><ul><li>Dressed in all black </li></ul>
  40. 43. <ul><li>On the Road by Jack Kerouac </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Autobiographical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ stream of consciousness” – on “the roll”, no margins, no paragraphs, single lines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Myth = written in 3 weeks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Written over 7 years in small notebooks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Howl” by Allen Ginsberg </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- 3 part poem about experiences with friends </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Naked Lunch by William Burroughs </li></ul><ul><li>- Time magazine’s “100 Best English- Language Novels from 1923-2005 </li></ul>
  41. 44. <ul><li>Had different expectations than parents </li></ul><ul><li>“ Searching for significance in life” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Brought poetry out of the Ivory Tower and back to the streets” – Berkeley U. </li></ul><ul><li>Nicknamed Beatniks (derogatory) </li></ul>
  42. 45. Elvis Presley <ul><li>Musician / Singer </li></ul><ul><li>White Southerner </li></ul><ul><li>Sang “Black” music </li></ul><ul><li>Danced provocatively </li></ul><ul><li>Wore flashy clothes </li></ul><ul><li>Wore make-up </li></ul><ul><li>Androgynous (what is this?) </li></ul><ul><li>Dissolved segregation by crossing </li></ul><ul><li>culture boundaries </li></ul>
  43. 46. Suez Canal Crisis – 1956-7
  44. 49. Sputnik - 1957

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