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Energy crisis and conservation
 

Energy crisis and conservation

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Energy crisis and conservation Energy crisis and conservation Presentation Transcript

  • What is a Lightning Arrester? ArresterFacts-009 ArresterWorks.com What is a Lightning Arrester Note: This Presentation will advance automatically but it can be done manually if desired Turn up your volume for the best effects
  • NO….. It’s not a very fast Police Officer ArresterFacts-009 ArresterWorks.com What is a Lightning Arrester
  • According to most definitions, a Lightning Arrester is…. ArresterFacts-009 ArresterWorks.com What is a Lightning Arrester
  • A Device Used on Power Systems above 1000V to Protect other Equipment from Lightning and Switching Surges ArresterFacts-009 ArresterWorks.com What is a Lightning Arrester
  • Although Lightning Rods are devices that divert lightning surges to ground, they are simple conductive terminals that are always at ground potential and are never energized. It is not a Lightning Rod. ArresterFacts-009 ArresterWorks.com What is a Lightning Arrester
  • Other Devices Similar to Lightning Arresters Surge Suppressor: This is also a surge diverter, but generally for voltages well below 1000 volts. TVSS (Transient Voltage Surge Suppressor) Again this is also a surge diverter, but generally for voltages well below 1000 volts. ArresterFacts-009 ArresterWorks.com What is a Lightning Arrester
  • How do Lightning Arresters Protect Power Systems? ArresterFacts-009 ArresterWorks.com What is a Lightning Arrester
  • 8 Impulse Sensitive Transformer Typically 8400 Volts 115 or 220 Volts System Without Arrester ArresterFacts-009 ArresterWorks.com What is a Lightning Arrester
  • 9 Transformer Typically 8400 Volts 115 or 220 Volts When Lightning strikes the system ---- equipment is damaged and the lights go out ArresterFacts-009 ArresterWorks.com What is a Lightning Arrester
  • 10 115 or 220 Volts LightningArrester Typically 8400 Volts However on a System With an Arrester ArresterFacts-009 ArresterWorks.com What is a Lightning Arrester
  • 11 LightningArrester When Lightning strikes Sensitive equipment is saved by the Arrester 115 or 220 Volts Typically 8400 Volts ArresterFacts-009 ArresterWorks.com What is a Lightning Arrester
  • •It Does not Absorb the Lightning •It Does not Stop the Lightning •It Does Divert the Lightning to Ground •It Does Clamp (limit) the Voltage produced by the Lightning •It Only protects equipment electrically in parallel with it. What exactly does a lightning arrester do? ArresterFacts-009 ArresterWorks.com What is a Lightning Arrester
  • Ok, how does it divert lightning? ArresterFacts-009 ArresterWorks.com What is a Lightning Arrester
  • MOV MOV MOV MOV To Power System To Earth The MOV Disk is a Semiconductor that is sensitive to Voltage. At normal Voltages the MOV disk is an insulator and will not conduct current. But at higher voltages caused by lightning it becomes a conductor At the Heart of All Arresters is the Metal Oxide Varistor (MOV) ArresterFacts-009 ArresterWorks.com What is a Lightning Arrester
  • MOV The MOV Disk is a very fast acting electronic switch It is an open switch to standard system AC voltages and a closed switch to lightning voltages ArresterFacts-009 ArresterWorks.com What is a Lightning Arrester
  • MOV By magnifying the MOV material 5000 times, Metal Oxide Grains and Dopants in the material can be discerned Each MOV Disk with a 35mm diameter and a 35mm height contains about 28 Billion MOV Grains 5000X ArresterFacts-009 ArresterWorks.com What is a Lightning Arrester
  • ZnO Grain ZnO Grain ZnO Grain ZnO Grain ZnO Grain ZnO Grain ZnO Grain Doped Junction Between Grains Spinal Phase Antimony Phase Very Nonlinear Part of Circuit ZnO Grains are low impedance linear element of circuit 10 micro meters The MOV Grains and their Junctions are the Electronic Switches that turn on and off in unison to divert the lightning around the equipment. The Switches are at the junctions between the grains ArresterFacts-009 ArresterWorks.com What is a Lightning Arrester
  • ZnO Grain ZnO Grain ZnO Grain ZnO Grain ZnO Grain ZnO Grain ZnO Grain Doped Junction Between Grains Spinal Phase Antimony Phase Very Nonlinear Part of Circuit ZnO Grains are low impedance linear element of circuit 10 micro meters A lightning arrester is essentially a collection of billions of microscopic junctions of Metal Oxide Grains that turn on and off in microseconds to form a current path from the top terminal to the ground terminal of the arrester. Current path during Lightning ArresterFacts-009 ArresterWorks.com What is a Lightning Arrester
  • MOV MOV MOV MOV ArresterFacts-009 ArresterWorks.com What is a Lightning Arrester MOV So there you have it. A Lightning Arrester is a device, used on power systems, that contains billions of electronic switches that divert lightning around sensitive equipment and saves them from damage.
  • ©ArresterWorks.com all rights reserved 20 Thank you for using ArresterFacts This ArresterFacts is just one of many that make up the ArresterFacts Tutorial Series on Arresters. All ArresterFacts are Copyrighted. If you use any part of this presentation for training material, please give ArresterWorks proper reference. Thank you for using ArresterWorks as your source of information on Arresters. Jonathan.Woodworth@arresterworks.com Rev 11-11 ©ArresterWorks.com all rights reserved 20 ArresterFacts-009 ArresterWorks.com What is a Lightning Arrester