Medieval Period<br />A.D. 500-1500<br />EUROPE IN THE MIDDLE AGES<br />
Between the Classical (Greek & Roman) era and the Renaissance<br />After the fall of the Roman Empire<br />Christianity is...
Christian church is dominant power in Europe<br />Most literature was oral<br />Stories told through music<br />Rise of Ch...
King of the Franks<br />First Emperor of the<br />     Holy Roman Empire in 800<br />Could not read<br />Encouraged schola...
Medieval Drama<br />Feudalism is main system of economy and authority<br />Classical Greek and Roman texts rediscovered<br...
After the death of Charlemagne<br />	Europe was ruled by nobles (kings)<br />Pyramid system that served as : <br /><ul><li...
Military system
Social system</li></ul>Warfare was common<br />Epics  <br />Romance (chivalry)<br />Saint’s tales<br />FEUDALISM<br />
KING<br />Provides money, army on demand<br />Bestows land on his many Nobles<br /> NOBILITY         <br /> Provides milit...
Feudal system  begins to weaken<br />Church has internal divisions<br />Babylonian Captivity<br />John Wycliffe urges chur...
Low literacy rate<br />	–distributed orally (Beowulf and Nibelungenlied)<br />-Epics: long narrative poem about a hero<br ...
Saint Augustine<br />Beowulf is written down (700)<br />Medieval drama<br />Dante – Divine Comedy<br />Chaucer – Canterbur...
Trouveres: French poets<br />-Chasons de geste: “songs of heroic deeds”<br />Chivalry: (Fr. “chevalier”) a military code o...
WHERE DID THE CHILDREN’S GAME/SONG “RING AROUND THE ROSY” COME FROM?<br />TRIVIA:<br />
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The middle ages intro

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  • Saint Augustine wrote influential works of Christian Literature Last 3 are the most widely anthologized works from the Middle Ages
  • Chivalry: (Fr. “chevalier”) a military code of behavior-Fair to opponents, loyal to lord, honorable in all things-Christian humility to peers, kindness to those beneath him, and generosity to all
  • The symptoms of the plague included a rosy red rash in the shape of a ring on the skin (Ring around the rosy). Pockets and pouches were filled with sweet smelling herbs or flowers (posies) which were carried due to the belief that the disease was transmitted by bad smells. The term &quot;Ashes, Ashes&quot; refers to the cremation of the dead bodies! We all fall down refers to the many deaths.
  • The middle ages intro

    1. 1. Medieval Period<br />A.D. 500-1500<br />EUROPE IN THE MIDDLE AGES<br />
    2. 2. Between the Classical (Greek & Roman) era and the Renaissance<br />After the fall of the Roman Empire<br />Christianity is official religion and undisputed authority (Charlemagne)<br />Papacy set up in Rome<br />In the middle of what?<br />
    3. 3. Christian church is dominant power in Europe<br />Most literature was oral<br />Stories told through music<br />Rise of Christian literature<br /> – heroic Saints<br />Charlemagne is first <br />emperor of the new<br />Holy Roman Empire<br />Early Middle Ages A.D. 500 - 900<br />
    4. 4. King of the Franks<br />First Emperor of the<br /> Holy Roman Empire in 800<br />Could not read<br />Encouraged scholarship, education<br /> exploration, innovation, & architecture<br />Development of writing in Latin<br />Opened schools<br />Died in 814<br />CHARLEMAGNE<br />
    5. 5. Medieval Drama<br />Feudalism is main system of economy and authority<br />Classical Greek and Roman texts rediscovered<br />Cathedrals are built<br />New philosophy and scientific methods revolutionize medieval thought<br />Most literature written during this time <br /> (A.D. 1100-1300)<br />High Middle Ages A.D. 900-1300<br />
    6. 6. After the death of Charlemagne<br /> Europe was ruled by nobles (kings)<br />Pyramid system that served as : <br /><ul><li>Economic system
    7. 7. Military system
    8. 8. Social system</li></ul>Warfare was common<br />Epics <br />Romance (chivalry)<br />Saint’s tales<br />FEUDALISM<br />
    9. 9. KING<br />Provides money, army on demand<br />Bestows land on his many Nobles<br /> NOBILITY <br /> Provides military service Bestows land on<br />and protection on demand his many Knight<br /> KNIGHTS <br />Provides military service Bestows land on<br />and food on demand his many Vassals<br />VASSALS<br /> Serves in the military Works on and manages land<br /> Provides place for Serfs to live<br /> PEASANTS/SERFS<br />Pledge loyalty to vassals completely subject to vassal’s will<br /> <br />HOW FEUDALISM WORKS<br />
    10. 10. Feudal system begins to weaken<br />Church has internal divisions<br />Babylonian Captivity<br />John Wycliffe urges church reforms in England<br />Black Death ravages Europe (A.D. 1374)<br />Many schisms: corruption & <br />internal arguments (church splits)<br />Crusades<br />Late Middle Ages A.D. 1300-1500<br />
    11. 11. Low literacy rate<br /> –distributed orally (Beowulf and Nibelungenlied)<br />-Epics: long narrative poem about a hero<br />Church discouraged literacy <br /> - strict control over knowledge and education<br />Scriptures translated into <br />Latin (Saint Jerome)<br />Charlemagne encouraged<br /> literacy and innovation<br />Literature in the Middle ages<br />
    12. 12. Saint Augustine<br />Beowulf is written down (700)<br />Medieval drama<br />Dante – Divine Comedy<br />Chaucer – Canterbury Tales<br />Sir Thomas Malory- Morte d’ Arthur<br />Literature in the Middle Ages<br />
    13. 13. Trouveres: French poets<br />-Chasons de geste: “songs of heroic deeds”<br />Chivalry: (Fr. “chevalier”) a military code of behavior<br />-Fair to opponents, loyal to lord, honorable in all things<br />-Helped to civilize brutal Middle Ages<br />Medieval Romances & courtly <br /> love…deeds performed on <br /> behalf of a beautiful lady<br />Troubadours: French poet-musicians<br />-light, graceful lyrics on theme of courtly love<br />-Lais: “song”…short stories with fairy-tale elements<br />Literature in the Middle Ages<br />
    14. 14. WHERE DID THE CHILDREN’S GAME/SONG “RING AROUND THE ROSY” COME FROM?<br />TRIVIA:<br />
    15. 15. Also called the Bubonic Plague<br />One of the deadliest pandemics in history<br />Killed an estimated 20-50 million people in Europe<br />Increased prejudice of Jews, Muslims, and Lepers<br />Modern scientists believe it was spread by Rats and Fleas<br />Bring out your dead<br />BLACK DEATH<br />
    16. 16. A.D. 1096-1270<br />Christian church attempted to reign the Holy Land<br />Opened trade routes to the East<br />Accelerated development of villages and cities <br />CRUSADES<br />

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