20 noun clause

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20 noun clause

  1. 1. Noun Clauses A noun clause functions like a noun or a noun phrase. Depending on the structure of the given sentence, the noun clause may be used as ;- a subject- an object- an object of preposition- a complement- a noun clause in apposition to an antecedent noun.- a noun clause as reference to the grammatical subjectobject "it".
  2. 2. Construction 1 : The "that" clause Example Most people know (that) sleep is necessary for health. noun clause = object of "know" Combination : a & b a. Most people know something. that+ b. Sleep is necessary for health.Most people know that sleep is necessary for health.
  3. 3. Construction 1 : The "that" clause e.g. : He asked me where I lived. เขาถามผมว่าผมอยูที่ไหน. ่ noun clause=object of "asked" e.g. : Can you tell me what the time is. คุณจะบอกผมได้ ไหมว่าเวลาเท่าไหร่ . noun clause=object of "tell" e.g. : Dang said (that) he was pleased to welcome us. แดงพูดว่าเขารู้สกยินดีที่ได้ ต้อนรับเรา ึ noun clause=object of "said"
  4. 4. Construction 1 : The "that" clause e.g. : That he will refuse the offer is unlikely. ที่เขาจะปฏิเสธข้ อเสนอนันรู้สึกว่ าจะยังไม่ มีทาง. ้ noun clause=subject e.g. : What you are doing seems very difficult. สิ่งที่คุณกาลังกระทารู้สึกว่ าจะยากมาก e.g. : How the prisoner escaped is a complex mystery. นักโทษผู้นันหนีไปได้ อย่ างไรนันเป็ นเรื่องลึกลับซับซ้ อน ้ ้
  5. 5. Construction 1 : The "that" clause e.g. : It seems that he has never paid the money. ดูราวกับว่ าเขายังไม่ ได้ จ่ายเงิน Noun clause as complement of verb "seem" e.g. : What surprised me was that he spoke English so well. สิ่งที่ทาให้ ผมประหลาดใจก็คือเขาพูดภาษาอังกฤษได้ ดมาก ี e.g. : The fact that the prisoner was guilty was plain to everyone. ความจริงที่ว่านักโทษผู้นันผิดจริงเป็ นสิ่งธรรมดาสาหรับทุกคนที่จะเห็น ้ ได้ Noun clause as appositive.
  6. 6. Construction 1 : The "that" clause e.g. : The news that we are having a holiday tomorrow is not true. ข่ าวที่ว่าเราจะได้ หยุดในวันพรุ่ งนีนันไม่ เป็ นความจริง ้ ้ Noun clause as appositive. e.g. : It is unbelievable that Suda has refused to come here. (that Suda has refused to come here = it) Noun clause as reference to the grammatical subject "it".
  7. 7. Construction 2 : The "whether" clause• e.g. : It did not matter at all for some students whether they had got good grades or not.• 1. "It" functions as a grammatical subject, referring to the italicized noun clause.
  8. 8. Construction 2 : The "whether" clause The sentence is broken into 3 smaller sentences ; a. It did not matter at all for some students. b. They had got good grades. c. They had not got good grades. 3. Combination : b+c=B They had got good grades or they had not get good grades. ==>B : They had got good grades or not.
  9. 9. Construction 2 : The "whether" clause Combination : a+B a. it did not matter at all for some students. Whether+B ==>They had got good grades or not. ==>It did not matter at all for some students whether they had got good grades or not.
  10. 10. Whether(or not) 1. Whether(or not) they can get here in time does not have anything to do with our plan. 2. People often ask whether there are measures to cope with the increase of crimes. 3. We wonder if the mayor can handle the traffic problems.

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