ARTIFICIAL SWEETNERSPresentationByK.R.SadhanaFirst Year- BDSSree Balaji Dental College &Hospital, Chennai.
#Understanding artificial sweeteners andother sugar substitutesSugar substitutes are loosely consideredany sweetener that we use instead ofregular table sugar (sucrose). Artificialsweeteners are just one type of sugarsubstitute.
#What are artificial sweeteners?Artificial sweeteners are synthetic sugarsubstitutes but may be derived fromnaturally occurring substances, includingherbs or sugar itself. Artificial sweetenersare also known as intense sweetenersbecause they are many times sweeter thanregular sugar.
#STEVIA - NATURAL ALTERNATIVEAnd now, in addition to those three choices, there’s arelatively new calorie-free sugar substitute available:stevia. In Stevia sugary taste is 300 times sweeterthan the regular refined sugar. This perfect form ofsugar also proves as a better alternative to thediabetics and weight watching folks who can relaxknowing that the stevia plant doesnt have to bechemically broken down in our bodies and is alsocalorie free.
#There is a whole range of food and drinksin the store that carry these labels:“sugar-free”“reduced sugar”“light”“no sugar added”When we remove some or all of the sugarfrom these products, artificial sweetenersare often added instead to keep the sweettaste.
#When we see these claims on packages,remember that they do not mean the food iscompletely carbohydrate-free.These foods may or may not be lower incarbohydrate than the original product and theywill still raise blood glucose levels.There are also many products now that say theyare sweetened with Splenda. This also does notmean they have zero carbohydrates. They areprobably lower in calories, but they still containcarbs.
#Possible health benefits of artificial sweetenersOne benefit of artificial sweeteners is that they dont contributeto tooth decay and cavities. They may also help with thefollowing:Diabetes. Artificial sweeteners may be a goodalternative to sugar if you have diabetes. Unlikesugar, artificial sweeteners generally dont raise bloodsugar levels because they are not carbohydrates
#Weight control. One of the most appealing aspects ofartificial sweeteners is that they are non-nutritive — theyhave virtually no calories. In contrast, each gram ofregular table sugar contains 4 calories. A teaspoon ofsugar is about 4 grams. For perspective, consider thatone 12-ounce can of a sweetened cola contains 8teaspoons of added sugar, or about 130 calories. Ifyoure trying to lose weight or prevent weight gain,products sweetened with artificial sweeteners ratherthan with higher calorie table sugar may be an attractiveoption.
#Diet Coke was sweetened withaspartame.The aspartame is available as Nutrasweet and Equal.The aspartic acid in aspartame is awell documented excito-toxin. Exito-toxin are usually amino acids,such asglutamate and aspertate.These specialamino acids cause particular braincells to become excessively excited, tothe point,they will quickly die.Excitotoxins can also cause a loss ofbrain synapses and connecting fibers.IS IT WORTH IT?
#Then the ester bond inaspartame is broken downto formaldehyde &methanol, which havetheir own toxicities. So, itis not surprising that thispopular artificialsweeteners has alsobeen found to causecancer.
#WHY SPLENDA IS NOT SO SPLENDID?The recent study published in THEJOURNAL OF TOXICOLOGY &ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH foundthat splenda•Reduces the amount of goodbacteria in our intestine by 50percent.•Increases the Ph level of theIntestine.
#Do pregnant women can takeartificial sweeteners???Moms-to-be with a conditioncalled phenylketonuria (PKU)should not eat foods and drinkswith aspartame during pregnancy.(Women with this condition cantbreak down aspartame properly,which can ultimately lead to birthdefects.)
#Many people use artificial sweeteners because theythink they are cutting calories and will lose weight.Often, these people will eat artificially sweetenedfoods or drinks and then eat even more of otherfoods. They may even end up gaining weight!While there is no harm having artificial sweetenerssome of the time, it is probably wise to limit your useof foods with artificial sweeteners. Most foodsespecially ripe fruits are just as sweet without addedsugars. Other foods taste fine when you make themwith less sugar.CONCLUSION
GuidedbyDr. Julius,Ph.DH.O.D of Biochemistry DeptSree Balaji Dental College &Hospital, Chennai.