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Cyborgs
Cyborgs
Cyborgs
Cyborgs
Cyborgs
Cyborgs
Cyborgs
Cyborgs
Cyborgs
Cyborgs
Cyborgs
Cyborgs
Cyborgs
Cyborgs
Cyborgs
Cyborgs
Cyborgs
Cyborgs
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Cyborgs

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  • 1. CYBORG ABHIJITH KRISHNA GL U11CW001 TECHNICAL SEMINAR II
  • 2. WHAT IS A CYBORG ?  A CYBORG IS A CYBERNATIC ORGANISM  THE TERM CYBORG IS DEFINED AS AN ORGANISM THAT IS A SELF REGULATING INTEGRATION OF ARTIFICIAL AND NATURAL SYSTEMS.  A HUMAN CYBORG IS A HUMAN WHO HAS CERTAIN PHYSIOGICAL PROCESSES AIDED OR CONTROLLED BY MECHANICAL OR ELECTRONIC DEVICES.
  • 3. ANALOGY WITH HUMAN NERVOUS SYSTEM The human nervous system contains: 1. A Central Nervous System (CNS) - where information is processed. Our central nervous system consists of the brain and the spinal cord. 2. A Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) - a highway which allows signals to travel between the cns and the body's receptors and effectors Since the nerve conduction is in the form of electrical signals, this opens up a possibility of intercepting, interpreting and processing them with the help of machine interfaces. Neural impulses at the nerve endings, transmitting them to a database, correlating them to existing data and modulating it to a desired effect.
  • 4. History of cyborg  In 1960 Manfred Clynes and Nathan Kline coined the term Cyborg. In 1967, Dr Steve Mann made eyetap glasses.  This glass not only helped for a clear vision but also one of its function is a wearable face recognizer to help people with Alzheimer's recognize and remember and see things, or people with visual memory disability find their way around . Goal of this project is to help people see better and remember things better.
  • 5. Types of cyborg  INDIVIDUAL CYBORG : i. Cyborgs is used to refer to a man or woman with bionic or robotic implants ii.Today,the C-LEG system is used to replace human legs that are amputated because of injuries or illness  SOCIAL CYBORG: i. More broadly, the full term “CYBernetic ORGanism” is used to describe larger networks of communication and control ii. A corporation can be considered as an artificial intelligence that makes uses of replaceable human components to function
  • 6. Kevin warwick  Kevin Warwick is Professor of Cybernetics at the University of Reading  The world's leading expert in cybernetics, Mainly interested in connecting human brain with machine brain.  He is the world’s first human cyborg, he implanted microchips under his arms so that he could easily communicate with computers and electronic devices at his laboratory.  He and his team of scientists have created robot with a rat brain, implanting microchips, bionic devices etc.
  • 7. PROJECT CYBORG 1.0  This involved a simple RFID transmitter being implanted beneath Warwick's skin, and used to control doors, lights, heaters, and other computer-controlled devices based on his proximity.  The main purpose of this experiment was said to be to test the limits of what the body would accept, and how easy it would be to receive a meaningful signal from the chip
  • 8. HOW CAN IT BE USEFUL ? It gives you a unique code. It is quite possible for an implant to replace an access, visa or bankers card An implant could carry huge amounts of data on an individual, such as national insurance number and blood type, bank account information etc. Used to clock in and out of office automatically.
  • 9. Project cyborg 2.0  In 2002 a one hundred electrode array was surgically implanted into the median nerve fibres of the left arm of Professor Kevin Warwick.  A number of experiments have been carried out using the signals detected by the array.  As a result of this professor warwick was able to control light, electric wheel chair and an intelligent artificial hand.
  • 10. RESULT OF CYBORG 2.0  By means of the implant, Warwick's nervous system was connected onto the internet in Columbia University, New York.  From there he was able to control the robot arm in the University of Reading and to obtain feedback from sensors in the finger tips.  The experiment proved successful, and the signal produced was detailed enough that a robot arm was able to mimic the actions of Warwick's
  • 11. In medical field Two different types of Cyborgs:-  Restorative technologies “restore lost functions, organs and limbs”.  Enhanced Cyborg follows principle of optimal performance that is maximizing output and minimizing input.
  • 12. IN THE MILITARY  The “cyborg soldier” often refers to soldier whose weapon and survival systems are integrated into the self, creating a human- machine interface.  Military organizations research has recently focused on the utilization of cyborg animals for inter- species relationships for the purposes of a supposed a tactical advantage.
  • 13. CYBORG INSESTS  DARPA has announced its interest in developing “cyborg insects” to transmit data from sensors implanted into the insect during the Pupal stage.  The insects motion would be controlled from a MEMS, or and would conceivably survive an environment and detect explosives or gas.
  • 14. advantages  Giving artificial sight to blind people.  Would be implemented in almost all fields where human interaction is needed.  Diseases could be analyzed and cured in terms of neural impulse signals.  To establish intercommunication between two or more peoples without using speech.
  • 15. disadvantages Training is needed for doctors Implants are expensive Psychological problems Feeling different to everyone else The risk of infection
  • 16. conclusion The use of such technology will upgrade human turning them into Cyborgs, presents a much more difficult problem. Who gets an implant and who doesn’t? Who controls their use? Indeed should humans be allowed to upgrade their capabilities and ‘super humans’? Humans now have the potential to control another aspect of their own destiny. It will be interesting to see how quickly and easily this will be brought about.

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