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Pharmacology

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Transcript

  • 1. Krystal Roberson
  • 2. Antibiotics Used to kill or slow down the growth of bacteria Most are semisynthetic variations of natural compounds Can be administrated orally, intravenously, or topically Penicillin was the first antibiotic
  • 3. Uses Do not fight:  Colds  Flu  Most coughs and bronchitis  Sore throats, (unless caused by strep)
  • 4. Classes Bactericidal- Target  Fluoroquinolones the bacterial cell wall,  Sulfonamides the cell membrane, or  Tetracyclines interfere with essential enzymes  Aminoglycosides Bacteriostatic- Target protein synthesis Penicillins Cephalosporins Marcolides
  • 5. Antihistamines Targets the immune system response that leads to allergy symptoms Reduce or block the action of histamines by preventing them from attaching to their receptors Most common side effect is drowsiness
  • 6. Forms Comes in the forms of  Tablets  Capsules  liquids  Nasal sprays  Eye drops
  • 7. Popular Examples Benadryl Allegra Zyrtec Clarinex Claritin
  • 8. Decongestant Used to relieve nasal congestion in the upper respiratory tract Pseudoephedrine or phenylephrine are the active ingredients in most Function by enhancing norepinephrine and epinephrine  This induces vasoconstriction of the blood vessels in the nose, throat, and paranasal sinuses
  • 9. Examples Sudafed Afrin nasal spray Visine eye drops Allegra-D Zyrtec-D
  • 10. Side Effects Should not be used for more than 3-5 days Can cause insomnia Increased blood pressure Reduced movement of mucus out of the nose Nervousness or irritability