Phrasal Verbs

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Phrasal Verbs

  1. 1. PHRASAL VERBS
  2. 2. PHRASAL VERBS <ul><li>The phrasal verbs or &quot;verbs compounds&quot; are a very particular aspect of English and often causes confusion among people who are learning the language. </li></ul><ul><li>The phrasal verbs are idiomatic expressions that are formed by combining verbs with prepositions or adverbs. This results in new phrasal verbs with a meaning very different from what the dictionary gives for individual verbs. </li></ul><ul><li>The compound verbs are widely used in both written English and the spoken. There always new phrasal verbs as grammatical structure of these is a very flexible to create new verbs and expressions. Moreover, the same phrasal verb can have several meanings. </li></ul>
  3. 3. EXAMPLES
  4. 4. EXAMPLES <ul><li>VERB  +  PREPOSITION  +  OBJECT Verb + preposition + object (transitive verb takes an object) The preposition is placed between the basic verb and object. </li></ul><ul><li>Blowing up the balloons for the party was easy </li></ul><ul><li>Adverbial particle + VERB + OBJECT (transitive verb takes an object) 1) If the object is a noun, adverbial particle can be placed after the verb or after the object base. </li></ul><ul><li>The old man gave away his houses. The old man gave his houses away. </li></ul><ul><li>2) If the object is a pronoun, the adverbial particle is placed at the end.   </li></ul><ul><li>The oldman gave them away. </li></ul>
  5. 5. EXAMPLES <ul><li>Verb + adverbial particle + preposition + object (transitive verb takes an object) Adverbial particle is the first and the second is a preposition. It is not possible to insert another word between two particles.   Helen ran out without saying goodbye. (Elena ran out without saying goodbye) </li></ul><ul><li>Verb + adverbial particle (intransitive verb is not object) The adverbial particle is placed immediately after the basic verb. Our car broke down yesterday morning. </li></ul>
  6. 6. PREPOSITIONAL VERBS
  7. 7. PREPOSITIONAL VERBS <ul><li>Prepositional verbs are phrasal verbs that contain a preposition, which is always followed by its nominal object. They are different from inseparable transitive particle verbs, because the object still follows the preposition if it is a pronoun </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>-On Fridays, we look after our grandchildren. </li></ul><ul><li>We look after them. (not *look them after) </li></ul><ul><li>The verb can have its own object, which usually precedes the preposition: </li></ul><ul><li>She helped the boy to an extra portion of potatoes. </li></ul><ul><li>with pronouns: She helped him to some. </li></ul><ul><li>Prepositional verbs with two prepositions are possible: </li></ul><ul><li>We talked to the minister about the crisis. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Elaboró: </li></ul><ul><li>María del Carmen Calva Minero </li></ul><ul><li>Especialidad:English </li></ul><ul><li>Profra: Diana Castañón </li></ul>

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