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Phrasal Verbs
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Phrasal Verbs

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  • 1. PHRASAL VERBS
  • 2. PHRASAL VERBS
    • The phrasal verbs or "verbs compounds" are a very particular aspect of English and often causes confusion among people who are learning the language.
    • The phrasal verbs are idiomatic expressions that are formed by combining verbs with prepositions or adverbs. This results in new phrasal verbs with a meaning very different from what the dictionary gives for individual verbs.
    • The compound verbs are widely used in both written English and the spoken. There always new phrasal verbs as grammatical structure of these is a very flexible to create new verbs and expressions. Moreover, the same phrasal verb can have several meanings.
  • 3. EXAMPLES
  • 4. EXAMPLES
    • VERB  +  PREPOSITION  +  OBJECT Verb + preposition + object (transitive verb takes an object) The preposition is placed between the basic verb and object.
    • Blowing up the balloons for the party was easy
    • Adverbial particle + VERB + OBJECT (transitive verb takes an object) 1) If the object is a noun, adverbial particle can be placed after the verb or after the object base.
    • The old man gave away his houses. The old man gave his houses away.
    • 2) If the object is a pronoun, the adverbial particle is placed at the end.  
    • The oldman gave them away.
  • 5. EXAMPLES
    • Verb + adverbial particle + preposition + object (transitive verb takes an object) Adverbial particle is the first and the second is a preposition. It is not possible to insert another word between two particles.   Helen ran out without saying goodbye. (Elena ran out without saying goodbye)
    • Verb + adverbial particle (intransitive verb is not object) The adverbial particle is placed immediately after the basic verb. Our car broke down yesterday morning.
  • 6. PREPOSITIONAL VERBS
  • 7. PREPOSITIONAL VERBS
    • Prepositional verbs are phrasal verbs that contain a preposition, which is always followed by its nominal object. They are different from inseparable transitive particle verbs, because the object still follows the preposition if it is a pronoun
    • Examples:
    • -On Fridays, we look after our grandchildren.
    • We look after them. (not *look them after)
    • The verb can have its own object, which usually precedes the preposition:
    • She helped the boy to an extra portion of potatoes.
    • with pronouns: She helped him to some.
    • Prepositional verbs with two prepositions are possible:
    • We talked to the minister about the crisis.
  • 8.
    • Elaboró:
    • María del Carmen Calva Minero
    • Especialidad:English
    • Profra: Diana Castañón

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