Ecotourism Report
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Ecotourism Report



Group 2 reported about Carrying capacity and other factors/issues that affect ecotourism.

Group 2 reported about Carrying capacity and other factors/issues that affect ecotourism.



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Ecotourism Report Ecotourism Report Presentation Transcript

  • The Carrying Capacity
  • Environmental Factors: Size of area and usable space Fragility of environment Wildlife resources Fragility of environment
  • Social Factors: Viewing Pattern Tourists’ viewing choices Visitors’ opinions Availability of facilities
  • To increase carrying capacity Design viewing tracks, trails etc. Reduce conflict between competing uses Provide information and interpretation services Increase durability of resources Encourage off-season use
  • Carrying capacity = Area used by tourists Average individual standardTotal of Daily Visits = Carrying capacity X Rotation CoefficientRotation coefficient = No. of daily hours Average time of visit Carrying Capacity = Specific area used by tourists Average individual standard per area
  • 5 ha 4 ha .1 ha 7 ha 8 ha Carrying capacity Carrying capacity Carrying capacity Carrying 7.5 ha 100,000sqm ///5,000 70,000 sqm /5,000 75,000 sqm /20,00 84,000 sqm 500 50,000 sqm 200 80,000 40,000 1,000 20 500 10 ha sqm/pax ==100pax sqm/pax = 14 pax sqm/pax = 15 pax sqm/pax ==400pax sqm/pax 20 pax sqm/pax 4.2 50 80 8.4 ha Rotation Coefficient Rotation Coefficient Rotation Coefficient Rotation 24 hrs ///6 hrs = 2 12 hrs /24hrs = 2 12 hrs 2 hrs = 3 12 hrs 4 hrs = 1 12 hrs / 6 hrs = 3 6 4 3 Total Daily Visit Total Daily Visit Total Daily Visit Total Daily VisitGiven: Size of the sample protected area = 50 hectares 100 pax X 2 = 28 pax 4.2 pax X 2 = 100pax 14 pax X 1 = 40 pax 20 50 80 3 12.6pax 400 pax X 32= 1,200 pax 15 30 150 pax 240 pax
  • Carrying Capacity of water in an islandAssumptions: 10% of rainfall (recharge), 5% to flush water  5% effective recharge 125mm x 5%  6.25 mm 1,000 hectares (Total effective recharge area) Recharge  6.25 mm x .001m/mm x 1,000 ha x 10,000m2/ha.  62,500 m3/month or 2,083.3 m3/day Resident use  3,000 pax x 0.25 m3/pax/day  750m3/day Available water  2,083.3 m3/day – 750 m3/day  1,333.3 m3/day Tourists that can be served  1,333.3 m3/day / 0.7 m3/tourist/day = 1,904 tourists
  • Nature for whom?
  • Issues Facing the Development ofEcotourism in the Philippines
  • A. EnvironmentalB. InstitutionalC. Policy• 1. Long Gestation Period 2. Ecotourism is a niche market 3. No or little existing ecotourism programsD. General KnowledgeE. Lack of Skilled Ecotourism Personnel
  • Ecotourism – The Activity
  • Mountaineering/Trekking
  • Mountaineering/Trekking Climbers’ Responsibilities If there is an established trail, walk in a single line Do not take anything from the forests as souvenir Avoid disturbing wildlife Never leave garbage along the trail or at the campsite For human waste, each climber can dig his own “toilet” Bring along camping equipment Do not bathe or wash dishes along rivers Be sensitive; learn the locals’ culture Abandon the old practice of digging trenches Do not buy Find out the maximum capacity Always register Avoid giving money Make sure that health measures are taken into account Always hire a guide
  • Mountaineering/Trekking
  • Mountaineering/Trekking Grading System  Gradual trail Easy 2-4 hours of  Clearly Marked walking  Located in rolling terrain  Trail with combination of 4-6 hours of few steeps ascents Moderate walking  rolling terrain  Steep Trail Strenuous 4-8 hours of  Obstacles, thick vegetation, walking rivers crossings  Water discipline
  • Birdwatching
  • Bird watchingPHILIPPINE EAGLE BLACK SHAMA(Pithecophaga jefferyi) (Copysychus Cebuensis)
  • Bird watchingPALAWAN PEACOCK PHEASANT SERPENT EAGLE (Spiloris Holospilus)(Polypectron emphanum)
  • Bird watching SLENDER-BILLEDPHILIPPINE FALCONET CUCKOO DOVE(Microhierax erythrogonys) (Macropygia phasianella tenuiostris)
  • Bird watchingYELLOW-BREASTED MARCHE’S FRUIT FRUIT DOVE DOVE (Ptilinopus occipitalis) (Ptilinopus Marchei)
  • Bird watchingLUZON BLEEDING HEART COLASISI/PHIL (Gallicolumba Luzonica HANGING PARAKEET Luzonica) (Loriculus Philipensis regulus)
  • Bird watching MINDANAO LORIKEET PHILIPPINE COCKATOO(Trichologossus Johnstoniae (Kakatoe haematuropygia) Johnstoniea)
  • Bird watchingBLUE-HEADED RACKET TAILED PARROT PHILIPPINE MALLARD (Anas Luzonica) (Prioniturus discurus)
  • Bird watching SHINY DRONGO/ ELEGANT TITMOUSE BALICASSIAO (Parus elegans visayanus)(Discrurus balicassius Mirabilis)
  • Bird watchingPHIL GLOSSY STARLING BLACK-BACKED (Aplonis panayensis COLETO panayensis) (Sarcops calvus melanonotus)
  • Bird watching PHIL FLOWER PECKER(Dicareum australe haematosticum)PHILIPPINE TROGON (Harpactes ardens ardens) PHIL COUCAL (Centropus viridis viridis)
  • Bird watchingPossible sites for birdwatching: Olango Island Philippine EagleNature Research Center Calauit Island  Mt. Makiling
  • Scuba Diving
  • Issues affecting the diving community Spearfishing Feeding Touching Agitating Playing
  • Whale Watching
  • Marine Mammals Species: Bryde’s Whale (Balaenoptera edeni) Minke Whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaengliae) Sperm Whale (Physeter macrocephalus) Pygmy Sperm Whale (Kogia breviceps) Dwarf Sperm Whale (Kogia simus) Killer Whale (Orcinus orca) Risso’s Dolphin (Grampus griseus) Finless Porpoises (Neophocaena phocaenoides) Melon-headed Whale (Pepeonocephala electra) Pygmy Killer Whale (Feresca attenuata)
  • Marine Mammals Species: Short-finned Pilot Whale (Globicephala macroryhnchus) Rough-toothed Dolphin (Steno bredanensis) Blainville’s Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon densirostris) Spinner Dolphin (Stenella longirostris) Pantropical Spotted Dolphin (Stenella attenuata) Fraser’s Dolphin (Lagenodelphis hosei) Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) False Killer Whale (Pseudorca crassidena) Cuvier’s Beaked Whale (Ziphius cavirostris) Stripped Dolphin (Stenella Coeruleoalba) Dugong (Dugong Dugon)
  • Caving (Spelunking)
  • Safety Measures Light is the most important tool. Never enter a cave alone. Never enter a cave without proper equipment.Always tell somebody where the team will go and what time it is expected to be back Look for tell-tale signs of flash-flooding, like mud on the wall Never enter a cave without a competent guide Never touch any animal inside a cave Never touch delicate limestone formations Do not leave anything inside caves Never write or vandalize the cave formations and walls Never take anything as souvenir.
  • Community Ecotourism