EATING DISORDER:Physical, Social, andPsychological Effects Presented by: Antonio Bongolan Lorenzo Joaquin Ivan Manio Janna Flores Krizzle Pereda Dianne Quintela
Introduction• Eating Disorders - conditions defined by abnormal eating habits that may involve either insufficient or excessive food intake to the detriment of an individuals physical and mental health.• Bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa are the most common specific forms.
• The skill to comprehend the central processes of appetite has increased tremendously since leptin was discovered and yet the precise cause of eating disorders is not entirely understood.• There is a cultural emphasis on thinness which is especially pervasive in western society. There is an unrealistic stereotype of what constitutes beauty and the ideal body type as portrayed by the media, fashion and entertainment industries.
Statement of The Problem• What are the types and symptoms of Eating Disorder?•How can I avoid having eating disorders?•What are the dangers of having eating disorders?•How Anorexia Nervosa affects the body?•How Bulimia Nervosa affects the body?•How Binge-Eating Disorder affects the body?•How Eating Disorders affects the mind?•What are the treatments for having eatingdisorder?
Significance of the Study1.Teenagers -Parents could play a crucial role for helping their children in recovery.2. Students -Teachers may also help and other superiors in regulating their recovery.3.Old People -Having someone to take care of them. (ex. Nurse)4.Health Professionals - They’ll be able to widen their knowledge about the study and may add this in their knowledge for helping others also.
Types and Symptoms of Eating Disorder3 main types of Eating Disorder:• Anorexia nervosa - is characterized by weight loss often due to excessive dieting and exercise, sometimes to the point of starvation.• Bulimia nervosa - The condition is marked by cycles of extreme overeating, known as bingeing.• Binge eating disorder - This is characterized by regularepisodes of extreme overeating and feelings of loss of controlabout eating.
Signs of Anorexia Nervosa• Dramatic weight loss• Wearing loose, bulky clothes to hide weight loss• Preoccupation with food, dieting, counting calories, etc.• Refusal to eat certain foods, such as carbs or fats• Avoiding mealtimes or eating in front of others• Preparing elaborate meals for others but refusing to eat them• Exercising excessively• Making comments about being “fat”• Stopping menstruating• Complaining about constipation or stomach pain• Denying that extreme thinness is a problem
Signs of Bulimia Nervosa• Evidence of binge eating, including disappearance of large amounts of food in a short time, or finding lots of empty food wrappers or containers• Evidence of purging, including trips to the bathroom after meals, sounds or smells of vomiting, or packages of laxatives or diuretics• Skipping meals or avoiding eating in front of others, or eating very small portions• Exercising excessively• Wearing baggy clothes to hide the body• Complaining about being “fat”• Using gum, mouthwash, or mints excessively• Constantly dieting• Scarred knuckles from repeatedly inducing vomiting
Signs of Binge-Eating Disorder• Evidence of binge eating, including disappearance of large amounts of food in a short time, or finding lots of empty food wrappers or containers• Hoarding food, or hiding large quantities of food in strange places• Wearing baggy clothes to hide the body• Skipping meals or avoiding eating in front of others• Constantly dieting, but rarely losing weight
Avoiding Eating Disorder• Get rid of the notion that a particular diet, weight or body size will automatically lead to happiness and fulfillment.• Learn everything you can about eating disorder. Genuine awareness will help you avoid judgmental or mistaken attitudes about food, weight, body shape and eating disorders.• Make the choice to challenge the false ideas that thinness and weight loss are great, and that body fat and weight gain are horrible or indicate laziness, worthlessness or immorality.• Avoid categorizing foods as ‘good/safe’ vs. ‘bad/dangerous.’ Remember that we all need to eat a balanced variety of foods.
Avoiding Eating Disorder• Stop judging others and yourself based on body weight or shape.• Become a critical viewer of the media and its messages about self-esteem and body image. Don’t accept that the images you see are the ideals you should try to attain.• Choose to value yourself based on your goals, accomplishments, talents and character.
Dangers of Having Eating DisorderAnorexia Nervosa• Heart Disease - The heart rate slows and blood pressure falls precipitously low. A slow heart rate and low blood pressure put someone at risk for a heart attack. The heart attack is from dehydration, and this can happen from the very first day you do an eating disorder behavior.• Bone Loss - Bones lose density, become dry and brittle, and easily fracture. Osteoporosis, the disease characterized by bone thinning, is one of the most severe risks.• Muscle Weakness - Muscles lose strength and become weak, making simple tasks like walking difficult.• Hair and Skin Problems - Hair falls out and skin becomes dry. A condition known as lanugo may develop.
Bulimia Nervosa•Heart Issues - The heart could beat irregularly because the bodyhas lost a lot of potassium, sodium, and chloride from thepurging. An irregular heartbeat can lead to a stroke or dangerousclots.•Intestinal Issues - The intestines and possibly the esophaguscould become inflamed and rupture from frequent vomiting.Ulcers could form in the stomach lining.•Dental Issues - The teeth can become stained and decayedbecause of the stomach acids in the mouth due to the vomiting.
Effects of Eating Disorder in the mind of a person• Depression - Depression is one of the most common psychological problems related to an eating disorder. It is characterized by intense and prolonged feelings of sadness and hopelessness. In its most serious form, depression may lead to suicide. Considering that an eating disorder is often kept a secret, a person who is suffering feels alienated and alone.• Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - Obsessions are constant thoughts that produce anxiety and stress. People with eating disorders are constantly thinking about food, calories, eating, and weight. As a result, they show signs of obsessive-compulsive behavior.• Feelings of Anxiety, Guilt, and Shame - Everyone experiences feelings of anxiety (fear and worry), guilt, and shame at some time; however, these feelings become more intense with the onset of an eating disorder. Eating disorder sufferers fear that others will discover their illness. There is also a tremendous fear of gaining weight.
Treatments for Eating Disorder• Psychotherapy - the most common treatment and has the greatest research support. The focus of psychotherapy treatment will be to address the underlying emotional and cognitive issues that result in the disordered eating.• Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) - the treatment of choice for people with eating disorder. It helps a person understand how their thinking and negative self-talk and self-image can directly impact their eating and negative behaviors.
• Family Therapy – Helps a person with eating disorder see and understands the often-times dysfunctional role they play within the family, and how their eating behaviours maintain that role.The “Maudsley Method” is a specific form of family therapy where parents assume responsibility for feeding their anorexic teen to help them gain weight and improve the teen’s eating habits.
Summary Eating disorders are conditions defined byabnormal eating habits that may involve eitherinsufficient or excessive food intake to the detrimentof an individual’s physician and mental health.Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, and Binge-EatingDisorder are the most common types of EatingDisorder. People with anorexia nervosa have a distortedbody image that causes them to see themselves asoverweight even when they’re dangerously thin.
Individuals with bulimia nervosa eat excessive quantities of food, then purge their bodies of the food and calories they fear by using laxatives, enemas, or diuretics, vomiting and/or exercising.People with binge eating disorder experience frequent episodes of out-of-control eating.Also teenagers affects most of this kind of sickness, especially girls. Such as old men and women may be affected.It’s important to prevent problematic behaviours from evolving into full-fledged eating disorders.
ConclusionEating Disorder is a problem of modern society influenced by unhealthy food patterns, advertising and false images popularized by mass media.Eating disorders are dangerous for millions of people as they lead to such diseases as cancer, leukemia and cardiovascular disorders. Effective treatment and prevention methods should be introduced at early stages of the diseases so it can lessen the bad things or effects that will occur on his/her body.
RecommendationOur research aims to give knowledge or information to people who suffer from different cases of eating disorders. Looking and reading on our research will surely be a good way for them to know things regarding specific problems; to know what would cause such disorder, what are the things to avoid, and most especially to know how to prevent it. The information given in this recommendation is based on studies and is proven by professionals according to our research so we are very confident of giving or sharing this information.