Energy 101: BasicEnergy 101: Basic
Concepts of EnergyConcepts of Energy
& its Transformation& its Transformation
AND THE LAW OF
The Law of Conservation of Energy
Energy can neither be created nor
destroyed but can be transformed
to other forms.
This law can be dissected into 3
Energy cannot be created.
Energy cannot be destroyed.
It can only be converted from one form
Energy of an object can be thought of as
the sands in an hourglass!
Energy always remain same or fixed
But this sand can change position, from the top to bottom and
bottom to top! Likewise energy can change
in form eg. From KE PE
Conservation of Energy
Energy can be changed from one
form to another. Changes in the
form of energy are called energy
All forms of energy can be
converted into other forms.
The sun’s energy through solar cells
can be converted directly into
Green plants convert the sun’s energy
(electromagnetic) into starches and
sugars (chemical energy).
Other energy conversions
In an electric motor, electromagnetic
energy is converted to mechanical
In a battery, chemical energy is
converted into electromagnetic energy.
The mechanical energy of a waterfall is
converted to electrical energy in a
In an automobile
engine, fuel is
burned to convert
into heat energy.
The heat energy is
then changed into