World Bank 2002 : Gender equality is an issue of development effectiveness, not just a matter of political correctness or kindness to women.
United Nations Convention on Transnational Organized Crime, Protocol on Trafficking “…the purchasing, transfer, harbouring or receiving of persons by threatening, use of force, fraud, abuse of power or position for the purpose of exploitation…”
1 out of 4 girls is sexually abused before the age of 4.
19% are abused between the ages of 4 & 8.
28% are abused between the ages of 8 & 12.
35% are abused between the ages of 12 & 16.
3 lakh more girls than boys die every year.
Female mortality exceeds male mortality in 224 out of 402 districts in India.
Death rate among girls below the age of 4 years is higher than that of boys. Even if she escapes infanticide or feticide, a girl child is less likely to receive immunization, nutrition or medical treatment compared to a male child.
53% of girls in the age group of 5 to 9 years are illiterate.
Every year 27,06,000 children under 5 years die in India. And the deaths of girl children are higher than those of male children.
A survey showed that the female fetus abortion rate is twice as high among educated mothers compared with those who are illiterate. Poverty and social pressure are said to be responsible for the problem. Main among these two is the SOCIAL PRESSURE, the fear that they would be thrown out of home, made women to abort female children.
The 1989 UN Charter, to which India is a signatory, guarantees every child the following rights
- Right to Survival - To life, health, nutrition, name, nationality - Right to Protection - From exploitation, abuse, neglect - Right to Development - To education, care, leisure, recreation, cultural activities - Right to Participation - To expression, information, thought, religion
No-one in India is interested in giving them education, basic health facilities. How many here in India follows the above child rights? Problem of child labor continues despite of “Child Labor Act(s)”.
A study of 45 developing countries found that the average mortality rate for children under 5 was 144 per 1000 live births when their mothers had no education, 106 per 1000 when they had primary education only, and 68 per 1000 when they had some secondary education.
Women are forced into labor when offered a job opportunity, and deceived into a heavy burden of debt. They are reduced to nearly slaves, controlled by their debtors. They are often forced to become prostitutes, and have no defense against abuse, unsafe sex, medical problems, or abuse from their debtors. The laws preventing this are practically useless, and help very little in eliminating this atrocity.
Men are generally discriminated against in secretorial and computer related jobs
Growth in these fields becomes stagnant for men
Eg: Akhilesh Munjal was at a very high position and was working as a company secretary. For a few years, he struggled hard to climb up the ladder. But in the end had to give up as female counterparts were given more preference and his growth in the company had stopped.
All serious studies into domestic violence show a roughly equal balance between the genders. Some studies have shown that there is a higher rate of domestic violence amongst lesbian than heterosexual couples. A poll undertaken by MORI and commissioned by Here and Now had these main findings:
One in five (18 percent) of men have been victims of domestic violence by a wife or female partner as opposed to 13 percent of women by a man.
One in nine women admit to having used physical aggression against a husband or male partner (compared to one in ten men)
14 percent of men say that they have been slapped by a partner (compared to 9 percent of women)
11 percent of men have had a partner threaten to throw something heavy at them (compared to 8 percent of women)
“ When you grow up, you can be whatever you want to be “
Little girls in the United States hear this all the time, from their mothers to teachers to "Sesame Street" characters. Almost everywhere they go, they are encouraged to believe that girls can be just as smart, athletic, and successful as boys. Even the pictures of spunky women on magazine covers at the checkout stand tell them that when you're a girl, anything is possible.
Indra Nooyi listed as third most powerful woman in the world by Forbes
Indra Nooyi, CEO of PepsiCo, has been ranked third in the Forbes annual list of the 100 most powerful women in the world. The other Indian women in the list are Congress party president, Sonia Gandhi, Chanda Kochhar, CEO of ICICI Bank and Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw, Chairman, Biocon India. They are ranked 13, 20 and 91 respectively.
Among top 100 personalities, 63 are from US and only four from Britain.
Indra Nooyi, Sonia Gandhi, Chanda Kochhar and Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw are from India. Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina Wajed is the only other South Asian who has made up to the list at 78th rank.