Name- Kriti Pahuja
Topic- Rooted Problem of
Gender Discrimination and
immense ignorance towards
Rooted gender discrimination and
ignorance towards women
Introduction to the topic
Empowerment of Women is a major social issue in today’s society which needs a broad understanding of Its
multi-dimensional facets including the narrow mindedness and conventional ideas which form a major part of
Indian society. The 2011 Census contains an important message pointing to a worrisome situation of a Skewed
child sex ratio in 0-6 age group. The principle of gender equality is enshrined in our constitution and gives state
the rights to take steps in favour of women and there are several government policies specially Under the Fifth
five year plan and Eighth plan. But still the policies lack in implementation and the major challenge is to Increase
the level of awareness among women themselves by enlightened segments of our society so that the Women feels
encouraged and motivated.
This presentation deals with some of the contentious issues covering the problems, the current scenario of our
country related to them and the plausible solutions that can help in the holistic development of the subjugated
gender of our society.
Rampant infanticide and sex selective abortions
Discrimination in education
Poor health & nutrition
What does the statistics show to us?
The child sex ratio has dropped from 927 in 2001 to an all time low of 914 in 2011.
In the age-group 0-6 years, the share of female child population is only 47.9% of the
total child population in that age-group.
Thousands of baby girls are abandoned each year, an extension of sex selection
practices including half a million abortions in India every year.
The body of this
baby girl thrown
in garbage has
been bitten by
This rural women is weeping
For her eighth baby girl even
After going through three sex
Discrimination in Education
• In India whooping 56 percent of the women are illiterate as against a considerably 24
percent in case of men, evincing the striking inequality.
• Fewer girls are enrolled into schools than boys, both at primary and upper primary levels.
• About 50 percent girls of the total number of enrolment drop out before reaching Class
• Only 36.22 percent girls complete secondary education.
High Cost of Education
Girls not considered necessary for higher education
Required for household work
No Proper Gender Segregated Toilets resulting in most of the girls leaving schools in adolescence
Huge Distance between school and homes
Poor health & nutrition
• Of the total infant mortality cases, 59 percent are girls
• According to UNDP Human Development Report 88 percent of pregnant women (age 15-49 years)
were suffering from anaemia.
• The share of deliveries in hospitals, maternity/ nursing homes, health centers, etc. is only 40.8%
while the deliveries assisted by doctors, trained ‘dais’, trained midwives, trained nurses, etc. constitute
According to supreme court
the govt. must provide one
anganwadi per 800-1000
population(one per 300 in
tribal areas)but most of the
rural areas are greviously
lacking(the rural area in East
Bangalore has only 17 for a
total population of 77,707
47% girls get married before they
are 18 years.
About 4 million adolescent girls in
India aged 15-19 give birth every
year accounting for 16% of all
Crimes against Women in 2012
relatives, 43.6, 46
Dowry, 3.7, 4%
Rape, 10.2, 11%
These crimes particularly rape & molestation
registered a five-fold increase esp. in the NCR
region everyday of which on an average saw
5 rapes,10 molestations & 10 kidnappings.
Status of Cases of Rape
Less than 10 years
Cruelty by husbands and relatives
Above 50 years
Total no. of cases
Participation in decision making bodies and economy
In 2013, women occupied only 12 out of 78 Ministerial positions in the
Central Council of Ministers. There were 2 women judges out of 26 judges in
the Supreme Court and there were only 52 women judges out of 614 judges
in different High Courts.
In our Lok Sabha itself there are only 62 MPs out of 552 MPs.
As per Census 2011, the workforce participation rate for females at the
national level stands only 25.51% compared with 53.26% for males. In the
rural sector, females have a workforce participation rate of 30.02%
compared with 53.03% for males
But we can’t see everything as mute spectators,
the current scenario has to be changed and for
this we need a series of reforms.
Let’s see what can be done to averse the current
ordeal of Indian Women.
Police reforms &
Use of technology
a. Make the police officers gender sensitized .
b. Every police station must be equipped with a separate women’s help desk manned by lady staffers
c. Police personnel should be stationed in plain clothes on vulnerable routes.
d .Recruiting more number of women officers
e. Separate the law and order agency with investigating agency so as to carry out the work efficiently.
f. Use of CCTV Cameras in each & every police station so as to keep the behaviour of officers in check.
31 Jan 1992
But still after 20 years it has not been able to control the spurt in increasing crimes against
women. Its a toothless body which can only take up the matter with concerned authorities
or submit report but it can neither prosecute nor take any action. Even the appointment of
chairperson of NCW is the political decision selected by the ministry itself? How can then be
unbiasness ensured? Give the National Commission more teeth to prosecute and an
independent body free from political interference
Introduce Rape Advocacy Centres across the cities
Following facilities must be provided by these centres1. 24 hrs. telephone crisis line and offering array of services like legal and medical advice, emotional support, accompanying
the victim to the hospital ,providing her counselling etc.
2. Offering of educational workshops to children in order to prevent their sexual abuse.
3. Offering of self defense classes at regular intervals for minimum charges.
4. Organising Community Events taking the parents into account along with children.
The ministry of IT and communication in collaboration with ministry of women and child development needs to bring out
technological revolutions (GPS,CCTV Cameras, Mobile Apps)by undertaking several projects but it is not possible unless the
political class itself is gender sensitized.
How can we expect the politicians to act effectively if majority of them are accused of serious murder and rape charges?
1.Let us start first by guaranteeing the basic amenities of separate toilets and drinking water supply for girls.
Public-Private Partnership can play a major role in this regard.
2.The use of information and communication technology like CDs ,online distance learning programmes ,use
of video conferencing can reduce school drop-out rates, student absenteeism, fear of speaking English
dramatically and improve the quality of education.
1.Time bound delivery of BPL cards and most importantly proper number of Anganwadi centres and PHCs with adequate
Bibi Khadeeja(1 year and 8 months) weighs
2.Good infrastructure facilities and regular
6.2 kgs. Her family does not have a BPL
monitoring of mid-day meal schemes by parents
Card and her mother Shameem Taj, who
suffers from mental disability, and her
visually impaired father, are both yet to get
3.Parental awareness workshops must be
their disability pensions
organized on regular basis.
1.Self help groups consist of women with similar socio-economic background
run by the hard earned money of group members themselves and is a nice
forum to discuss various issues pertaining to them.
2.Women members can carry out various innovative works like making pickles
manually and selling them into markets ,money earned can then help
In flourishing of their business further.
3.When small co-operative banks are linked to these self help groups by
granting them loans it leads to better mobilization of small savings of these
4.Banks need to give out their whole-hearted support to these Self-help groups.
5.The story of these self groups should be brought to the forefront by the media
And popularize the concept among the urban women too.
Recent inauguration of Bhartiya Mahila Bank in Nov.2013 is a good
if implemented properlya. It needs to offer higher deposit rates ,devise innovative
products to attract
b. a large section of women.
c. But the major challenge is to attract adequate and capable staff
towards rural areas.
Though 73rd amendment provided women with 1/3rd representation in panchayats
but representation is different from participationThere should be a separate quorum for attendance of
women in Gram Sabhas and separate Mahila Sabhas
should be organized so that every issue related to women
can be discussed in Gram Sabha meeting later on.
Defining decision making
processes In a better way and
ensuring not mere
representation but adequate
participation can guarantee
The women representatives elected after reservations may not be highly educated but if
provided adequate training through women public representative camps that can be
organized by NGO’s, Govt.bodies on a regular basis they can prove their mettle.
What they need is a little bit of additional1.Human,
But at the end implementation of all these ideas is just half a
battle won . More importantly broader social attitudes and
mindset of people needs to be changed.
It would be apt to quote Swami Vivekananda here-”There is no
chance of the welfare of the world unless the condition of
women is improved. It is not possible for a bird to fly on one