Gender Discrimination and Women Empowerment.


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Rooted Problem of Gender Discrimination and immense ignorance towards women empowerment.

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Gender Discrimination and Women Empowerment.

  1. 1. Name- Kriti Pahuja Topic- Rooted Problem of Gender Discrimination and immense ignorance towards women empowerment Techid- Tech54922 Rooted gender discrimination and ignorance towards women empowerment
  2. 2. Introduction to the topic Empowerment of Women is a major social issue in today’s society which needs a broad understanding of Its multi-dimensional facets including the narrow mindedness and conventional ideas which form a major part of Indian society. The 2011 Census contains an important message pointing to a worrisome situation of a Skewed child sex ratio in 0-6 age group. The principle of gender equality is enshrined in our constitution and gives state the rights to take steps in favour of women and there are several government policies specially Under the Fifth five year plan and Eighth plan. But still the policies lack in implementation and the major challenge is to Increase the level of awareness among women themselves by enlightened segments of our society so that the Women feels encouraged and motivated. This presentation deals with some of the contentious issues covering the problems, the current scenario of our country related to them and the plausible solutions that can help in the holistic development of the subjugated gender of our society.
  3. 3.  Rampant infanticide and sex selective abortions  Sexual Harassment  Dowry  Rape  Discrimination in education  Poor health & nutrition
  4. 4. What does the statistics show to us? The child sex ratio has dropped from 927 in 2001 to an all time low of 914 in 2011. In the age-group 0-6 years, the share of female child population is only 47.9% of the total child population in that age-group. Thousands of baby girls are abandoned each year, an extension of sex selection practices including half a million abortions in India every year. The body of this baby girl thrown in garbage has been bitten by ants. This rural women is weeping For her eighth baby girl even After going through three sex Selective abortions
  5. 5. Discrimination in Education • In India whooping 56 percent of the women are illiterate as against a considerably 24 percent in case of men, evincing the striking inequality. • Fewer girls are enrolled into schools than boys, both at primary and upper primary levels. • About 50 percent girls of the total number of enrolment drop out before reaching Class VI. • Only 36.22 percent girls complete secondary education. Main Reasons.      High Cost of Education Girls not considered necessary for higher education Required for household work No Proper Gender Segregated Toilets resulting in most of the girls leaving schools in adolescence Huge Distance between school and homes
  6. 6. Poor health & nutrition • Of the total infant mortality cases, 59 percent are girls • According to UNDP Human Development Report 88 percent of pregnant women (age 15-49 years) were suffering from anaemia. • The share of deliveries in hospitals, maternity/ nursing homes, health centers, etc. is only 40.8% while the deliveries assisted by doctors, trained ‘dais’, trained midwives, trained nurses, etc. constitute another 48.8%. According to supreme court the govt. must provide one anganwadi per 800-1000 population(one per 300 in tribal areas)but most of the rural areas are greviously lacking(the rural area in East Bangalore has only 17 for a total population of 77,707  47% girls get married before they are 18 years.  About 4 million adolescent girls in India aged 15-19 give birth every year accounting for 16% of all deaths.
  7. 7. Crimes against Women in 2012 Cruelty by husbands and relatives, 43.6, 46 % Sexual harassment 3.8% Dowry, 3.7, 4% Rape, 10.2, 11% These crimes particularly rape & molestation registered a five-fold increase esp. in the NCR region everyday of which on an average saw 5 rapes,10 molestations & 10 kidnappings. Kidnapping, 15.7, 16% Status of Cases of Rape Molestation, 18.6, 19% Less than 10 years Sexual harrasment Dowry Rape Kidnapping Molestation Cruelty by husbands and relatives 1051 10-14 years 2074 14-18 years 4646 18-30 years 12511 30-50 years Above 50 years 3187 135 Total no. of cases 24915
  8. 8. Participation in decision making bodies and economy  In 2013, women occupied only 12 out of 78 Ministerial positions in the Central Council of Ministers. There were 2 women judges out of 26 judges in the Supreme Court and there were only 52 women judges out of 614 judges in different High Courts.  In our Lok Sabha itself there are only 62 MPs out of 552 MPs.  As per Census 2011, the workforce participation rate for females at the national level stands only 25.51% compared with 53.26% for males. In the rural sector, females have a workforce participation rate of 30.02% compared with 53.03% for males
  9. 9. But we can’t see everything as mute spectators, the current scenario has to be changed and for this we need a series of reforms. Let’s see what can be done to averse the current ordeal of Indian Women.
  10. 10. Police reforms & Effective grievance redressal mechanism 1.Police reforms- Use of technology Political will Empowering agencies like NCW a. Make the police officers gender sensitized . b. Every police station must be equipped with a separate women’s help desk manned by lady staffers c. Police personnel should be stationed in plain clothes on vulnerable routes. d .Recruiting more number of women officers e. Separate the law and order agency with investigating agency so as to carry out the work efficiently. f. Use of CCTV Cameras in each & every police station so as to keep the behaviour of officers in check.
  11. 11. C onstituted on 31 Jan 1992 to safeguard women interests in India But still after 20 years it has not been able to control the spurt in increasing crimes against women. Its a toothless body which can only take up the matter with concerned authorities or submit report but it can neither prosecute nor take any action. Even the appointment of chairperson of NCW is the political decision selected by the ministry itself? How can then be unbiasness ensured? Give the National Commission more teeth to prosecute and an independent body free from political interference Introduce Rape Advocacy Centres across the cities Following facilities must be provided by these centres1. 24 hrs. telephone crisis line and offering array of services like legal and medical advice, emotional support, accompanying the victim to the hospital ,providing her counselling etc. 2. Offering of educational workshops to children in order to prevent their sexual abuse. 3. Offering of self defense classes at regular intervals for minimum charges. 4. Organising Community Events taking the parents into account along with children.  The ministry of IT and communication in collaboration with ministry of women and child development needs to bring out technological revolutions (GPS,CCTV Cameras, Mobile Apps)by undertaking several projects but it is not possible unless the political class itself is gender sensitized.  How can we expect the politicians to act effectively if majority of them are accused of serious murder and rape charges?
  12. 12. Education 1.Let us start first by guaranteeing the basic amenities of separate toilets and drinking water supply for girls. Public-Private Partnership can play a major role in this regard. 2.The use of information and communication technology like CDs ,online distance learning programmes ,use of video conferencing can reduce school drop-out rates, student absenteeism, fear of speaking English dramatically and improve the quality of education. Improved health 1.Time bound delivery of BPL cards and most importantly proper number of Anganwadi centres and PHCs with adequate medical staff. Bibi Khadeeja(1 year and 8 months) weighs 2.Good infrastructure facilities and regular 6.2 kgs. Her family does not have a BPL monitoring of mid-day meal schemes by parents Card and her mother Shameem Taj, who themselves. suffers from mental disability, and her visually impaired father, are both yet to get 3.Parental awareness workshops must be their disability pensions organized on regular basis.
  13. 13. 1.Self help groups consist of women with similar socio-economic background run by the hard earned money of group members themselves and is a nice forum to discuss various issues pertaining to them. 2.Women members can carry out various innovative works like making pickles manually and selling them into markets ,money earned can then help In flourishing of their business further. 3.When small co-operative banks are linked to these self help groups by granting them loans it leads to better mobilization of small savings of these Women. 4.Banks need to give out their whole-hearted support to these Self-help groups. 5.The story of these self groups should be brought to the forefront by the media And popularize the concept among the urban women too. Recent inauguration of Bhartiya Mahila Bank in Nov.2013 is a good idea but if implemented properlya. It needs to offer higher deposit rates ,devise innovative products to attract b. a large section of women. c. But the major challenge is to attract adequate and capable staff towards rural areas.
  14. 14. Political Participation Though 73rd amendment provided women with 1/3rd representation in panchayats but representation is different from participationThere should be a separate quorum for attendance of women in Gram Sabhas and separate Mahila Sabhas should be organized so that every issue related to women can be discussed in Gram Sabha meeting later on. Defining decision making processes In a better way and ensuring not mere representation but adequate participation can guarantee political empowerment of women. The women representatives elected after reservations may not be highly educated but if provided adequate training through women public representative camps that can be organized by NGO’s, Govt.bodies on a regular basis they can prove their mettle. What they need is a little bit of additional1.Human, 2.Technical & 3.Financial resources
  15. 15. But at the end implementation of all these ideas is just half a battle won . More importantly broader social attitudes and mindset of people needs to be changed. It would be apt to quote Swami Vivekananda here-”There is no chance of the welfare of the world unless the condition of women is improved. It is not possible for a bird to fly on one wing”