Eksami Ettevalmistus Ppt


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Eksami Ettevalmistus Ppt

  1. 1. KRISTI MÄRK GYMNASIUM OF LIHULA 2009 Good tips for national examination
  2. 2. Preparation for examination <ul><li>This presentation has 4 </li></ul><ul><li>parts: </li></ul><ul><li>Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Listening </li></ul><ul><li>Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Speaking </li></ul><ul><li>Read carefully and write </li></ul><ul><li>a conclusion about </li></ul><ul><li>each part </li></ul>
  3. 3. Writing a letter (1/5) <ul><li>Read the instructions at least 2 times ! What exactly do they want you to do ? </li></ul><ul><li>Try to understand if you have to use formal or semi-formal language in the letter </li></ul><ul><li>Starting and ending the letter </li></ul><ul><li>Dear Sir/Madam </li></ul><ul><li>Faithfully, </li></ul>Dear Mr. Roberts Sincerely yours,
  4. 4. Writing: formal language (2/5) <ul><li>You should use polite language and keep to a humble tone </li></ul><ul><li>Slang is not acceptable </li></ul><ul><li>No contradictions (I´ll, won´t) </li></ul><ul><li>You use Thank you not Thanks, you write out ten o’clock not ’10:00’ </li></ul>
  5. 5. Writing: formal language (3/5) <ul><li>Avoid personal expressions. Use ‘It’ construction or passive forms (It seemed.., It was found out, p eople say, It is said; It can be pointed out.etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Use linking devices: in addition, also, however, what is more, on the other hand, although, therefore </li></ul>
  6. 6. Writing an essay (4/5) <ul><li>Start with an eye - catching sentence about the topic </li></ul><ul><li>Interpret the heading, do not use direct questions </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce the body by listing your aspects </li></ul><ul><li>Start each paragraph with an appropriate linking device </li></ul><ul><li>In conclusion reword the introduction and sum what your have written </li></ul>
  7. 7. Writing a report (5/5) <ul><li>The purpose (aim) of this report is to describe (to compare , to analy z e, etc.)…… </li></ul><ul><li>The report gives information about … </li></ul><ul><li>The report is based on the data taken from … </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce your content using subheadings </li></ul><ul><li>Sum up your ideas in the conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>NB! Use y our own analyze, prediction, guessing - why the things are as they are? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Listening: preparation (1/3) <ul><li>Preparation </li></ul><ul><li>Before you listen, always look for clues that will help you to understand what you are going to listen </li></ul><ul><li>Use the knowledge of the world to try to predict/guess the answers the questions </li></ul>
  9. 9. Listening: important words <ul><li>When you listen in English, do not worry if you do not understand all the words </li></ul><ul><li>Pay attention to stressed words. They give the most important information (e.g. One day in spring , she went walking in the fields ) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Listening: focus on situation (3/3) <ul><li>When you listen to dialogues, think about where they take place </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on the language the people use (formal or informal etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Think about the mood of the speakers (e.g. angry, happy, nervous, jelous, dissappointed) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Reading: dealing with difficult words (1/3) <ul><li>Read the sentence the word is in and decide what kind of word it is (adjective, noun, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Read the paragraph the word is in and try to work out the meaning from the context </li></ul>
  12. 12. Reading: completing notes (2/3) <ul><li>Look at the notes and decide what kind of information you are looking for (e.g names, numbers, percentages, objects, times) </li></ul><ul><li>Read the text quickly to get the general idea </li></ul><ul><li>Then read the text again carefully and complete the notes as you read </li></ul>
  13. 13. Reading: “reading between lines” (3/3) <ul><li>Read the question and identify the important words </li></ul><ul><li>Find the relevant part of the text </li></ul><ul><li>Find the most important words and expressions in that part of the text </li></ul><ul><li>Decide if the important words in the question and text express the same ideas </li></ul>
  14. 14. Speaking: preparing a monologue (1/2) <ul><li>Think as many key words as you can - connected with the topic ofcourse  </li></ul><ul><li>Present the topic in a locigal way, answer the questions which were asked and use examples from life </li></ul><ul><li>Correct yourself if you make a serious mistake </li></ul>
  15. 15. Speaking: preparing a role play (2/2) <ul><li>Always read the last row how you have to finish the role play </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce yourself and say what and why you want to ask </li></ul><ul><li>Listen the answers and try to react, starting the new question with an opening phrase </li></ul>
  16. 16. Role play: different questions Would you be so kind and name the exact …? What/How/Where/ Why / Who ... ? I am also wondering … You already mentioned …, but does it also have … ? That´s a good idea, but when are you planning …? You are responsible for this, aren´t you? Could you please tell me ….. ? One more question I am interested in ….. ?
  17. 17. In conclusion … <ul><li>… it can be said that if you have read all the presentation, you will get at least few points more than you would have got before  </li></ul><ul><li>Everything will be </li></ul><ul><li>alright, you´ll see ! </li></ul>GOOD LUCK !
  18. 18. Photos are taken from <ul><li>http://www.gifs.net/subcategory/348/0/20/Teachers# </li></ul><ul><li>http://edutechgeek.files.wordpress.com/2008/05/writing_1.gif </li></ul>
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