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Strength training booklet. TSALTESHI SKI CLUB Kjell Risung and Laura Pillifant
GENERAL EXERCISE GUIDELINES  Kjell B. Risung, Physical Therapist and Ski coach <ul><li>Remember that you need to consult a...
GENERAL EXERCISE GUIDE LINES <ul><li>Remember to include plenty of level 1 work outs (60-70% of max heart rate) 1-4 hours....
Biceps, regular arm curls <ul><li>Starting Position: stand with slightly bent knees, wide stand, the core tightened, arms ...
Biceps, Straight Bar Curls <ul><li>Starting Position: Wide base, knees slightly bent, core tightened, arms fully extended ...
Biceps,  Inclined Curls <ul><li>Starting position: Seated inclined, arms fully extended, palms forwards and out to the sid...
Bicep curls with Lung <ul><li>Starting position: Bands at shoulder height, hands behind and facing forwards.  Swing arms f...
Biceps, classic. <ul><li>Starting position: Band at floor level or shoulder height.  Swing arms forwards from waist.  Elbo...
Biceps, chin up. <ul><li>Starting position: Hanging with elbows straight and hands shoulder with apart, under arm grip. </...
Triceps, curl with abdominal tuck. <ul><li>Standing position: Hips and body weight forwards, up on toes, elbows bent and h...
Triceps, curl with abdominal tuck <ul><li>Standing position: Hips and body weight forwards, up on toes, elbows bent and ha...
Triceps, old style double poling ,  with tubing. <ul><li>Starting position: Feet shoulder with apart, Hands below eye-leve...
Triceps, new style double poling ,  with tubing. <ul><li>Starting position: Feet shoulder with apart, Hands below eye-leve...
Triceps, dips with legs forwards. <ul><li>Starting position: Feet on floor or on a chair, elbows straight. </li></ul><ul><...
Triceps, dips <ul><li>Starting Position: Hanging at a </li></ul><ul><li>dip station either with straight </li></ul><ul><li...
Triceps, push ups. <ul><li>Starting position: Keep the core tight, keep a straight neck </li></ul><ul><li>Ending position:...
Triceps, push ups with lift off. <ul><li>Regular push ups with a lift off in the straight </li></ul><ul><li>elbow position...
Triceps, classic poling, old style. <ul><li>Starting position: Bands at head level or higher.  Swing arms backwards, go up...
Triceps, classic poling, new style. <ul><li>Starting position: Bands at head level or higher.  Swing arms backwards, go up...
Quadriceps, squats machine. <ul><li>Starting position: Feet a shoulder with apart, let the knee cap go slightly to the out...
Quadriceps, free-squats. <ul><li>Starting position: Feet a shoulder with apart, let the knee cap go slightly to the outsid...
Quadriceps, step ups. <ul><li>Starting position: Knee at about 90 Degrees, bring opposite leg up until thigh is horizontal...
Quadriceps, “BOSU” step ups. <ul><li>60- 90 Degrees, keep the core tights, step up and down sideways using hands in a skii...
Quadriceps, “BOSU” parallel jumps. <ul><li>Bosu, parallel jumps sideways, forwards and back and you can also jump in a dia...
Quadriceps, forward jump. <ul><li>Take off: Feet parallel, weight forwards over the knees and hips forward, bend the knees...
Hamstrings, lunges in place <ul><li>Lift foot forwards, squat down, </li></ul><ul><li>let knee be in line with the hip, </...
Hamstrings, walking lunges <ul><li>Lift foot forwards, squat down, </li></ul><ul><li>let knee be in line with the hip, </l...
Hamstrings, lunges with medicine ball. <ul><li>Regular lunges, the knee should touch the ground, lift </li></ul><ul><li>of...
Gluteal Muscles, V1   <ul><li>Like walking lunges, but you step sideways arms swinging </li></ul><ul><li>opposite to simul...
Gluteus Muscles, V2 <ul><li>Deep squats simulating V2 across the gym floor.  During take off keep the leg you are moving f...
Gluteus Muscle, hip extension. <ul><li>Starting position: Long sitting, hand placed by </li></ul><ul><li>your hips with pa...
Gluteus Muscles, side lying. <ul><li>Starting position: Sidle lying, bottom knee bent, keep top shoulder-hip-knee and ankl...
Hip Flexors, alternate jumps.   <ul><li>Starting position: Arm and trunk 80-90 Degrees, head forwards, back leg straight. ...
Hip Flexors, using resistance bands. <ul><li>Starting position: classic ski </li></ul><ul><li>position wit resistance band...
Abdominals, curl ups. <ul><li>Starting position: Hands/arms </li></ul><ul><li>across chest or behind neck. </li></ul><ul><...
Abdominals, bosu. <ul><li>On back over the bosu ball, </li></ul><ul><li>use medicine ball over head </li></ul><ul><li>for ...
Abdominals, plank <ul><li>Up on forearms, tighten the </li></ul><ul><li>lower abdominals.  The head </li></ul><ul><li>and ...
Abdominals, with weights <ul><li>On back, use medicine ball </li></ul><ul><li>over head for resistance, </li></ul><ul><li>...
Abdominals, sideways plank. <ul><li>Starting position: Body </li></ul><ul><li>aligned and leaning on the </li></ul><ul><li...
Abdominals, double lift . <ul><li>Starting position: Supine, arms over head.  Lift arms and  legs up </li></ul><ul><li>sim...
Abdominals,   curve reversal <ul><li>Starting position: On all 4’s trunk and hip at 90 Degrees and feet spread </li></ul><...
Abdominals, supine obliques. <ul><li>Starting position: : Lay flat on your back, low </li></ul><ul><li>back pushed down us...
Abdominals, side lying obliques. <ul><li>Starting position: Side lying, knees bent and bottom </li></ul><ul><li>arm and sh...
Abdominals, obliques with medicine ball. <ul><li>Starting position: Hip and knees bent 90 Degrees, sitting on your buttock...
Abdominals, diagonals. <ul><li>Starting Position:   As picture </li></ul><ul><li>demonstrate, hold on to a </li></ul><ul><...
Back Muscles, reversed curl up. <ul><li>Starting position: Hands folded </li></ul><ul><li>behind your neck, elbows </li></...
Back Muscles, prone leg kicks. <ul><li>Starting position: Prone over </li></ul><ul><li>bolster, keep knees bent about </li...
Pectorals, bench. <ul><li>Starting position: Supine on bench, feet on the bench and push your low back flat against the be...
Pectorals, resistance bands. <ul><li>Starting position: Slightly bent knees, weight forwards , the angle of the band which...
Rhomboids, 1 arm rows. <ul><li>Starting position: Kneeling on a bench, head up and keep your back flat, let your shoulder ...
Latissimus, incline bench. <ul><li>Starting position: Sitting on an incline bench, when arms are placed straight forwards ...
Rhomboids, tubing 2 arm rows. <ul><li>Starting position: Tubing attached in front at shoulder height, feet shoulder with a...
Latissimus, seated chin up. <ul><li>Starting position: Seated, knees apart, hands placed in a under arm grip and a shoulde...
External Hip Rotator Stretches <ul><li>3 different positions, the middle one is the most utilized which gets the Piriformi...
Hamstrings stretching <ul><li>Hurdler stretch: attempt to keep your back straight and do not bounce as you stretch, Hip an...
Hamstrings Stretching, from Plank <ul><li>I like this stretch particularly for those that have real tight Hamstrings and a...
Quadriceps Stretching <ul><li>3 good quadriceps stretches, #1 is the easiest on your knee, #2 is the easiest to grade and ...
Hip Adductor Stretching <ul><li>Yoga Stretch, Starting position: Sitting on the floor, if having back problems sit up agai...
Hip Flexor Stretching <ul><li>Starting position: Kneeling on the floor, put a pillow under the knee on the floor if having...
Paraspinal “Back” Stretching <ul><li>Starting position: Feet placed 2-3 feet apart, put your opposite hand on your hip, ta...
Triceps Stretching <ul><li>Starting position: Clasp your elbow by the olecranon (tip of your elbow) and put your hand of t...
Posterior Capsular Stretching <ul><li>Let me start of by saying that I do </li></ul><ul><li>not like this stretch.  Why, m...
Triceps Surae Stretching <ul><li>“ Gastrocs” You can do this one up against the wall, keep the knee straight and heel of t...
Pectoral Stretching <ul><li>Corner Stretching: Put your elbow up along a corner, and choose 3 different levels in order to...
Plyometrics, side to side jumps. <ul><li>Starting position: One legged stand with opposite arm forward like in diagonal sk...
Plyometrics, jump with lift. <ul><li>Starting position: One legged stand with opposite arm forward like classic skiing.  D...
Bounding, classic. <ul><li>Start out with a bent front knee, and land on a flat foot in the front, not on </li></ul><ul><l...
Bounding, classic with poles. <ul><li>Start out with a bent front knee, and land on a flat foot in the front, not on </li>...
Bounding, skating. <ul><li>Face up hill, arms moves opposite from the legs and more from </li></ul><ul><li>side to side li...
Bounding, V2 <ul><li>Let your hand hands swing up to eye level and swing </li></ul><ul><li>back to your waist level with b...
Bounding, side-hilling. <ul><li>Place your side 90 Degrees to the hill, bent knee, swing your </li></ul><ul><li>top leg ba...
Bounding, V1 with poles. <ul><li>Face up hill, feet and poles touch the ground at the same time,  a rm  </li></ul><ul><li>...
Bounding, V2 with poles. <ul><li>Face up hill, poles are placed up the hill first then move in to the poles. </li></ul><ul...
Sample work out # 1 <ul><li>Warm-up x 10 min. </li></ul><ul><li>SET # 1 SET # 2 SET # 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Biceps Nr. 8 x 5...
Sample work out # 2 <ul><li>Warm-up x 10 min. </li></ul><ul><li>SET # 1 SET # 2 SET # 3 (SET # 4) </li></ul><ul><li>Biceps...
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Strength Training

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Strength Training for Tsalteshi Ski Club by Kjell Riusng and Laura Pillifant

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  1. 1. Strength training booklet. TSALTESHI SKI CLUB Kjell Risung and Laura Pillifant
  2. 2. GENERAL EXERCISE GUIDELINES Kjell B. Risung, Physical Therapist and Ski coach <ul><li>Remember that you need to consult a physician prior to engaging in any exercise program. </li></ul><ul><li>This program is not meant to replace other programs that you have been issued, but is an exercise guile line with emphasis on specific techniques for cross country skiing. </li></ul><ul><li>Early on I suggest doing 3 sets of 15 repetitions each of about 10 different exercises. You would want to include triceps, biceps, quadriceps, hamstrings, back and core muscle groups. I suggest doing 2 sessions a week and you may want to do a 3 one if you goal is to be a competitive skier. Some of the exercises you may want to work up to 150 repetitions: squats, triceps with core imitation and the seated lat-pull with abdominal crunch. Especially for those of you that are planning to do a marathon ski race. </li></ul><ul><li>The 3 work out could be a Plyometrics work out or a session with heavier weights, 3-4 sets with 6-12 repetitions. The first set should be a warm up set with up to 20-30 reps. Do not engage in using heavier weights without having a good base first. </li></ul><ul><li>It is good practice to change up your work outs and choose different exercises from the same muscle group, a technique that I call “Nero-Over-Loading”. This will also help you to prevent injury. Another ways of preventing injury are: hydration, stretching, do the exercises slow, exhale during exertion phase, don’t choose a weight that compromises good technique and keep the abdominals tucked in at all times. </li></ul><ul><li>REMEMBER TO HAVE FUN </li></ul>
  3. 3. GENERAL EXERCISE GUIDE LINES <ul><li>Remember to include plenty of level 1 work outs (60-70% of max heart rate) 1-4 hours. Use a heart rate monitor to ensure that you stay on target </li></ul><ul><li>Include 1-2 sessions per week (1 in the summer and 2 by mid summer) of Interval training with 4-6 min exertions 4-6 repetitions at 85-90% of Max Heart rate. In general your max HR is 220 minus your age, this is only a guide line and I varies with activity, sex and age. Perfect activity is bounding with poles or any hill training. </li></ul><ul><li>There is no other dry land training simulating skiing better than roller skiing. 2 sessions a week April-June, 3 sessions July-August and up to 4 in the fall before the winter season would be the ultimate. </li></ul><ul><li>So how many hours should you dedicate in the week? This will be depending on your work schedule, goal setting, age and previous exercise level. In general it should end up somewhere in-between 8-20 hours a week. Don’t exclude the training you get every day by walking and biking to wok or a long hike on the weekends with your family. If you are limited by time and scheduling one way you can change your work out is by the intensity. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember to change up your work out to prevent burn out and over exercise. In general your muscle groups need a minimal of 24 hours of recovery time before exposing them to a new work out, this is especially important if you are new to exercise or if you don’t have a real good base. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember that your work out may need to be designed different if you have an injury. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure you include stretching before and after your work outs, in general 3 repetions each wioth a gentle hold at end range for 30 sec. Stretching performed prior to workouts must be gentle, post work out can be more aggressive as your muscles are warmed up. </li></ul><ul><li>-HYDRATION-HYDRATION-HYDRATION-HYDRATION-HYDRATION-HYDRATION-HYDRATION- </li></ul>
  4. 4. Biceps, regular arm curls <ul><li>Starting Position: stand with slightly bent knees, wide stand, the core tightened, arms fully extended and slightly turned inwards. Bend arms, concentric work. </li></ul><ul><li>Fully bent elbows and palms of hands turned inwards, slowly lower the weights. The muscle work harder in the eccentric phase. Alternatively you can alternate L/R. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Biceps, Straight Bar Curls <ul><li>Starting Position: Wide base, knees slightly bent, core tightened, arms fully extended and hands about 2 fists apart. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep elbow close to the trunk, fully bend elbows while exhaling, inhale while slowly lowering the weight. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Biceps, Inclined Curls <ul><li>Starting position: Seated inclined, arms fully extended, palms forwards and out to the side, exhale while lifting up. Both at the same time or alternate L/R. </li></ul><ul><li>Ending position: Back flat against the cushion, arms fully bent, palms turned in with little finger side slightly turned inwards. Head should be relaxed against the support. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Bicep curls with Lung <ul><li>Starting position: Bands at shoulder height, hands behind and facing forwards. Swing arms forwards parallel shoulder with apart. </li></ul><ul><li>Ending position: Hands at eye height, elbows bent at 90 Degrees in a lung forwards </li></ul>
  8. 8. Biceps, classic. <ul><li>Starting position: Band at floor level or shoulder height. Swing arms forwards from waist. Elbow should be bent. </li></ul><ul><li>Ending position: Hand at eye height, knees slightly bent and may go up on toes to bring hips forwards. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Biceps, chin up. <ul><li>Starting position: Hanging with elbows straight and hands shoulder with apart, under arm grip. </li></ul><ul><li>Ending position: Smooth motion lifting upwards to the point where the chin is above bar. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Triceps, curl with abdominal tuck. <ul><li>Standing position: Hips and body weight forwards, up on toes, elbows bent and hands at eye height. Old style. </li></ul><ul><li>Ending position: Straighten elbows and let hands come down to the knees, keep feet a shoulder with apart. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Triceps, curl with abdominal tuck <ul><li>Standing position: Hips and body weight forwards, up on toes, elbows bent and hands at eye height. New style. </li></ul><ul><li>Ending position: Straighten elbows and let hands come down to the waist, keep feet a shoulder with apart </li></ul>
  12. 12. Triceps, old style double poling , with tubing. <ul><li>Starting position: Feet shoulder with apart, Hands below eye-level and hips forwards, weight on your toes. Elbows bend about 25 Degrees. </li></ul><ul><li>Motion: Keep your hips forwards as you push your arms downwards with your hands swinging about your knees, legs should be fairly straight and extend elbows fully </li></ul>
  13. 13. Triceps, new style double poling , with tubing. <ul><li>Starting position: Feet shoulder with apart, Hands below eye-level and hips forwards, weight on your toes. Elbows bend about 25 Degrees. </li></ul><ul><li>Motion: Keep your hips forwards as you push your arms downwards with your hands swinging about your knees, legs should be fairly straight and extend elbows fully </li></ul>
  14. 14. Triceps, dips with legs forwards. <ul><li>Starting position: Feet on floor or on a chair, elbows straight. </li></ul><ul><li>Ending position: Drop bottom towards the floor, elbows bent to about 90 Degrees. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Triceps, dips <ul><li>Starting Position: Hanging at a </li></ul><ul><li>dip station either with straight </li></ul><ul><li>legs or bent knees, use either </li></ul><ul><li>cuff weights at the ankles or a </li></ul><ul><li>weight tided to the waist for </li></ul><ul><li>additional resistance. </li></ul><ul><li>Motion: Lower your body by </li></ul><ul><li>bending your elbows as far as </li></ul><ul><li>you can and then straighten </li></ul><ul><li>them out. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Triceps, push ups. <ul><li>Starting position: Keep the core tight, keep a straight neck </li></ul><ul><li>Ending position: Straight elbows, exhale as you extend the elbows. May keep feet on a box, hands on barbells. Alternatively you may let the knees on the floor (Girly push ups) </li></ul>
  17. 17. Triceps, push ups with lift off. <ul><li>Regular push ups with a lift off in the straight </li></ul><ul><li>elbow position where you reach up with one </li></ul><ul><li>arm straight up wards in line with the stationary </li></ul><ul><li>arm. The trunk should be straight. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Triceps, classic poling, old style. <ul><li>Starting position: Bands at head level or higher. Swing arms backwards, go up on toes. Elbows should be slightly bent. Old style. </li></ul><ul><li>Ending position: Swing arms alternating LT/RT, feet shoulder with apart. Hands up to eye level in front. Slightly bend knees and straighten them as you go up on your toes. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Triceps, classic poling, new style. <ul><li>Starting position: Bands at head level or higher. Swing arms backwards, go up on toes. Elbows should be bent about 90 Degrees. New style. </li></ul><ul><li>Ending position: Swing arms alternating LT/RT, feet shoulder with apart. Hands up to eye level in front. Slightly bend knees and straighten them as you go up on your toes. Hand ends by the waist. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Quadriceps, squats machine. <ul><li>Starting position: Feet a shoulder with apart, let the knee cap go slightly to the outside of the big toes. </li></ul><ul><li>Ending position: Keep the legs parallel, do not bend down further than 90 Degrees in the Knees. Keep the back straight. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Quadriceps, free-squats. <ul><li>Starting position: Feet a shoulder with apart, let the knee cap go slightly to the outside of the big toes. </li></ul><ul><li>Ending position: Keep the legs parallel, do not bend down further than 90 Degrees in the Knees. Keep the back straight. Add weight in the hands as you get stronger. For more explosive training add a jump as you extend your knees. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Quadriceps, step ups. <ul><li>Starting position: Knee at about 90 Degrees, bring opposite leg up until thigh is horizontal, keep the core tights, step down then up again (2), then step to the side and repeat with opposite side. Add barbells in the hands and alternatively cuff weights on the ankles once you get stronger. May also step sideways to simulate more off a skating motion. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Quadriceps, “BOSU” step ups. <ul><li>60- 90 Degrees, keep the core tights, step up and down sideways using hands in a skiing motion. Add barbells in the hands as your strength and coordination improves. Try not to double step. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Quadriceps, “BOSU” parallel jumps. <ul><li>Bosu, parallel jumps sideways, forwards and back and you can also jump in a diagonal LT to the RT and opposite. As you get stronger you can bend deeper in the knees, jump further and quicker. Attempt to land smoothly and on both feet at the same time. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Quadriceps, forward jump. <ul><li>Take off: Feet parallel, weight forwards over the knees and hips forward, bend the knees and bring your hands back wards. As you jump bring both arms forward and jup as high and as far as you can forwards </li></ul><ul><li>Landing: Feet parallel, knees at 60-90 degrees, land smoothly and try to stick the landing for a few seconds. Elbows bend about 90 Degrees and hands up at the eye level. Jump continuously across the gym floor. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Hamstrings, lunges in place <ul><li>Lift foot forwards, squat down, </li></ul><ul><li>let knee be in line with the hip, </li></ul><ul><li>front knee bending 60-90 </li></ul><ul><li>Degrees. The back should be </li></ul><ul><li>Straight, and look straight a </li></ul><ul><li>head. </li></ul><ul><li>Coming back up, push up from </li></ul><ul><li>the heel of the front leg back </li></ul><ul><li>to starting position. Add </li></ul><ul><li>barbells in your hand as you </li></ul><ul><li>get stronger. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Hamstrings, walking lunges <ul><li>Lift foot forwards, squat down, </li></ul><ul><li>let knee be in line with the hip, </li></ul><ul><li>front knee bending 60-90 </li></ul><ul><li>Degrees. The back should be </li></ul><ul><li>Straight, and look straight a </li></ul><ul><li>head. Arms paneling with hand up to eye level simulating skiing </li></ul><ul><li>Coming back up, push up on heel on front leg and swing other leg forward in stead of stepping back to starting position, like standard lunges. Add </li></ul><ul><li>barbells in your hand as you </li></ul><ul><li>get stronger (2-15 lbs) </li></ul>
  28. 28. Hamstrings, lunges with medicine ball. <ul><li>Regular lunges, the knee should touch the ground, lift </li></ul><ul><li>off from the heel coming back up. Keep the medicine </li></ul><ul><li>ball to the side and lift it up over head as you come up </li></ul><ul><li>and switch sides as you take a long lung forward . </li></ul>
  29. 29. Gluteal Muscles, V1 <ul><li>Like walking lunges, but you step sideways arms swinging </li></ul><ul><li>opposite to simulate arm motion. Deep squats simulating V1 technique </li></ul><ul><li>across the gym floor. During take off keep the leg you are moving forward </li></ul><ul><li>off the floor along side the stands leg then move forward to the side. </li></ul><ul><li>Adding barbells in the hands will add resistance to the triceps and the </li></ul><ul><li>Biceps and resistance in-between the leg. Keep your head up and look </li></ul><ul><li>forward as you move. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Gluteus Muscles, V2 <ul><li>Deep squats simulating V2 across the gym floor. During take off keep the leg you are moving forward off the floor along side the stands leg then move forward to the side. Adding barbells in the hands will add resistance to the triceps and the biceps. Keep your head up and look forward as you move. Also add resistance bands in-between legs. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Gluteus Muscle, hip extension. <ul><li>Starting position: Long sitting, hand placed by </li></ul><ul><li>your hips with palms down and finger pointing towards </li></ul><ul><li>the feet, squeeze your buttocks together as you lift </li></ul><ul><li>your trunk up, keep your head elongated from the </li></ul><ul><li>trunk if you can. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Gluteus Muscles, side lying. <ul><li>Starting position: Sidle lying, bottom knee bent, keep top shoulder-hip-knee and ankle in line and turn the foot slightly inwards </li></ul><ul><li>Lift top leg as far as you can without curving the spine, keep foot turned in and the hip forwards as you lift. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Hip Flexors, alternate jumps. <ul><li>Starting position: Arm and trunk 80-90 Degrees, head forwards, back leg straight. </li></ul><ul><li>Use a quick motion (skipping) and alternate LT/RT leg forward by driving the back leg forwards. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Hip Flexors, using resistance bands. <ul><li>Starting position: classic ski </li></ul><ul><li>position wit resistance band </li></ul><ul><li>attached to the ankle of the </li></ul><ul><li>back leg from behind at ankle </li></ul><ul><li>level. </li></ul><ul><li>Swing leg forward to the point </li></ul><ul><li>that the front thigh is at about </li></ul><ul><li>horizontal position. Swing the </li></ul><ul><li>arms opposite from the leg </li></ul><ul><li>and let front hand end up at </li></ul><ul><li>eye level, back hand about </li></ul><ul><li>waist level. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Abdominals, curl ups. <ul><li>Starting position: Hands/arms </li></ul><ul><li>across chest or behind neck. </li></ul><ul><li>Knees bend, low back flat </li></ul><ul><li>against surface and exhale on </li></ul><ul><li>the way up. </li></ul><ul><li>Alternatively you can bend </li></ul><ul><li>your knees up and even </li></ul><ul><li>straighten them fully up </li></ul><ul><li>towards the ceiling. </li></ul>
  36. 36. Abdominals, bosu. <ul><li>On back over the bosu ball, </li></ul><ul><li>use medicine ball over head </li></ul><ul><li>for resistance, trains </li></ul><ul><li>explosiveness. In lack of a </li></ul><ul><li>medicine ball you could use </li></ul><ul><li>regular barbells or plates. </li></ul><ul><li>Bring ball forward over head </li></ul><ul><li>like you were to toss it in a </li></ul><ul><li>forward motion to a partner. </li></ul><ul><li>Could toss the ball against a </li></ul><ul><li>Plyometrics trampoline or a </li></ul><ul><li>partner. Can also toss </li></ul><ul><li>sideways to work the </li></ul><ul><li>obliques. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Abdominals, plank <ul><li>Up on forearms, tighten the </li></ul><ul><li>lower abdominals. The head </li></ul><ul><li>and neck should be </li></ul><ul><li>elongated. The body should </li></ul><ul><li>be straight. Up on toes or </li></ul><ul><li>knees if weak. </li></ul><ul><li>Once you are able to hold </li></ul><ul><li>position for 60 sec, start </li></ul><ul><li>lifting leg in to extension </li></ul><ul><li>alternating LT/RT side. Try </li></ul><ul><li>not to bend the knee and hold </li></ul><ul><li>position for 1-2 sec. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Abdominals, with weights <ul><li>On back, use medicine ball </li></ul><ul><li>over head for resistance, </li></ul><ul><li>trains explosiveness. In lack </li></ul><ul><li>of a medicine ball you could </li></ul><ul><li>use regular barbells or plates . </li></ul><ul><li>Bring ball forward over head </li></ul><ul><li>like you were to toss it in a </li></ul><ul><li>forward motion to a partner. </li></ul><ul><li>Could toss the ball against a </li></ul><ul><li>Plyometrics trampoline or to </li></ul><ul><li>a partner. Can also work/toss </li></ul><ul><li>sideways to work the obliques. </li></ul>
  39. 39. Abdominals, sideways plank. <ul><li>Starting position: Body </li></ul><ul><li>aligned and leaning on the </li></ul><ul><li>Bottom forearm and outside </li></ul><ul><li>of bottom ankle. Head and </li></ul><ul><li>neck in O-position. </li></ul><ul><li>Alternatively lift top leg and </li></ul><ul><li>hold for 1-2 seconds before </li></ul><ul><li>lowering leg. </li></ul>
  40. 40. Abdominals, double lift . <ul><li>Starting position: Supine, arms over head. Lift arms and legs up </li></ul><ul><li>simultaneously, reach for your feet. Alternatively you can start </li></ul><ul><li>with your knees bent to make it easier. </li></ul>
  41. 41. Abdominals, curve reversal <ul><li>Starting position: On all 4’s trunk and hip at 90 Degrees and feet spread </li></ul><ul><li>wide apart, elbows straight and hands 2-3 feet apart. Bend your elbows in </li></ul><ul><li>a motion similar to doing a push up and move forwards keeping your chest </li></ul><ul><li>as close to the ground as you can. Ending position: Head back and your </li></ul><ul><li>body in a full arch backwards. </li></ul>
  42. 42. Abdominals, supine obliques. <ul><li>Starting position: : Lay flat on your back, low </li></ul><ul><li>back pushed down using the lower abdominals. </li></ul><ul><li>Start with parallel legs straight up, swing legs </li></ul><ul><li>from side to side. </li></ul>
  43. 43. Abdominals, side lying obliques. <ul><li>Starting position: Side lying, knees bent and bottom </li></ul><ul><li>arm and shoulder straight, top hand placed behind the </li></ul><ul><li>neck, lift up both knee and as you bring the trunk up as </li></ul><ul><li>the elbow is brought towards the knees, exhale as you </li></ul><ul><li>lift up, inhale as you lower back down. </li></ul>
  44. 44. Abdominals, obliques with medicine ball. <ul><li>Starting position: Hip and knees bent 90 Degrees, sitting on your buttock </li></ul><ul><li>with the trunk off the ground, hold a medicine ball in front of you in the lap </li></ul><ul><li>bring the ball from side to side as you balance. </li></ul>
  45. 45. Abdominals, diagonals. <ul><li>Starting Position: As picture </li></ul><ul><li>demonstrate, hold on to a </li></ul><ul><li>medicine ball or a barbell and </li></ul><ul><li>swing it in a diagonal pattern </li></ul><ul><li>from left to the right, bending </li></ul><ul><li>at the knee and then lift up </li></ul><ul><li>on the toes. </li></ul>
  46. 46. Back Muscles, reversed curl up. <ul><li>Starting position: Hands folded </li></ul><ul><li>behind your neck, elbows </li></ul><ul><li>together, the front of your </li></ul><ul><li>hips on the edge of the </li></ul><ul><li>bolster. </li></ul><ul><li>Motion: start by curving your </li></ul><ul><li>low back upwards, each spinal </li></ul><ul><li>segment at a time and let your </li></ul><ul><li>head come up last with elbows </li></ul><ul><li>pushed out to the side, </li></ul><ul><li>Reverse coming back down. </li></ul>
  47. 47. Back Muscles, prone leg kicks. <ul><li>Starting position: Prone over </li></ul><ul><li>bolster, keep knees bent about </li></ul><ul><li>90 Degrees. The front of your </li></ul><ul><li>hips should be resting on the </li></ul><ul><li>edge of the bolster. </li></ul><ul><li>Motion: Kick both legs straight </li></ul><ul><li>backwards, feet together to </li></ul><ul><li>the point both knees are </li></ul><ul><li>straight. May use ankle </li></ul><ul><li>weights once strength </li></ul><ul><li>increases. </li></ul>
  48. 48. Pectorals, bench. <ul><li>Starting position: Supine on bench, feet on the bench and push your low back flat against the bench, elbows slightly bent. </li></ul><ul><li>Motion: bring arms down perpendicular to the trunk, inhale on your way down, exhale as you lift up. Bring the hand outwards with elbows bent. Alternate hand position. </li></ul>
  49. 49. Pectorals, resistance bands. <ul><li>Starting position: Slightly bent knees, weight forwards , the angle of the band which is attached from behind determines which part of the pec you work on. </li></ul><ul><li>Motion: Exhale as you bring the hand forwards in a smooth motion and your hands touch. </li></ul>
  50. 50. Rhomboids, 1 arm rows. <ul><li>Starting position: Kneeling on a bench, head up and keep your back flat, let your shoulder drop towards the floor. </li></ul><ul><li>Motion: Exhale as you bring your elbow up above your trunk, pinch your shoulders blades together as you lift. </li></ul>
  51. 51. Latissimus, incline bench. <ul><li>Starting position: Sitting on an incline bench, when arms are placed straight forwards the rope is perpendicular to your body. Knees apart and your low back pushed against the bench and head resting back. </li></ul><ul><li>Motion: Pull your elbows back as you exhale, the bar may touch your chest bone and you may arch your back a little, if you have back problems you may keep your back pushed against the bench. Wide hand grip on the bar. </li></ul>
  52. 52. Rhomboids, tubing 2 arm rows. <ul><li>Starting position: Tubing attached in front at shoulder height, feet shoulder with apart and knees slightly bent. Hands all the way forwards. </li></ul><ul><li>Motion: Exhale as you bring both elbows backwards in a smooth motion. Pinch your shoulder blades together and keep your body weight forwards. Do not bring your hands beyond your flank. </li></ul>
  53. 53. Latissimus, seated chin up. <ul><li>Starting position: Seated, knees apart, hands placed in a under arm grip and a shoulder with apart on a straight/lat- bar with elbows bent up above shoulder level. </li></ul><ul><li>Motion: Drive your elbows downwards as you exhale, bending your elbows further and tilt your trunk forwards to stimulate the abdominals. </li></ul>
  54. 54. External Hip Rotator Stretches <ul><li>3 different positions, the middle one is the most utilized which gets the Piriformis Muscle, pull the knee towards the opposite shoulder, you should feel a pulling on the outside of your hip/gluets, exhale as you stretch to make sure you get to end range and hold for 30 sec. Try not to let your hip rotate off fdrom the floor. </li></ul>
  55. 55. Hamstrings stretching <ul><li>Hurdler stretch: attempt to keep your back straight and do not bounce as you stretch, Hip angle should be 90 Degrees. </li></ul><ul><li>Modified Hurdler Stretch: I do not like this one as much, but you do get some stretching of the hip adductors and rotators on the opposite side as well. </li></ul>
  56. 56. Hamstrings Stretching, from Plank <ul><li>I like this stretch particularly for those that have real tight Hamstrings and a difficult time bending over from their waist. </li></ul><ul><li>Starting position: Plank, spread your feet as far a part as you need in order to crawl backwards in to standing position, keep your knees straight and come all the way up to standing position. A good exercises transitioning from the floor to standing stretches. </li></ul>
  57. 57. Quadriceps Stretching <ul><li>3 good quadriceps stretches, #1 is the easiest on your knee, #2 is the easiest to grade and you can combine it with the hip flexor stretch, but if you have any Patella problems kneeling might not be you position of choice. The #3 position is tough on you knees if you have any knee problems. Keep your lower abdominals tucked to eliminate arching your back and tilt your pelvis backwards to flatten the curve in your back. </li></ul>
  58. 58. Hip Adductor Stretching <ul><li>Yoga Stretch, Starting position: Sitting on the floor, if having back problems sit up against a wall. Soles of your feet touching and push your feet as far as you can up against your crutch. Then push your knees downwards to stretch. </li></ul><ul><li>Starting position, as picture shows, keep your back straight, you can to in or out or keep your foot in neutral in order to stretch different part of the muscle group. I usually put my foot in a position that causes the most stretching on the inside of the thigh. </li></ul>
  59. 59. Hip Flexor Stretching <ul><li>Starting position: Kneeling on the floor, put a pillow under the knee on the floor if having Patella problems. Both Knees at 90 Degrees, push the hip on the kneeling knee towards the opposite knee as you lean forwards to stretch. Keep your back straight and tuck your lower abdominals as to avoid arching of the lower back. </li></ul>
  60. 60. Paraspinal “Back” Stretching <ul><li>Starting position: Feet placed 2-3 feet apart, put your opposite hand on your hip, take the same side arm that you are stretching and reach over head, keep your flank and arm long-gated , palm down, exhale as you stretch towards end range. Let your head tilt to the side and look straight a head. </li></ul>
  61. 61. Triceps Stretching <ul><li>Starting position: Clasp your elbow by the olecranon (tip of your elbow) and put your hand of the side you are stretching behind you as if you are reaching for your shoulder blade. Push the elbow further backwards as the triceps muscle stretches out. </li></ul>
  62. 62. Posterior Capsular Stretching <ul><li>Let me start of by saying that I do </li></ul><ul><li>not like this stretch. Why, most </li></ul><ul><li>athletes have stretched out their </li></ul><ul><li>posterior capsule particularly if </li></ul><ul><li>they have been involved in ball </li></ul><ul><li>sports like tennis/soft-ball and </li></ul><ul><li>base-ball. If you feel like you need </li></ul><ul><li>to stretch it keep your arms </li></ul><ul><li>horizontal and let the arm you are </li></ul><ul><li>stretching rest in the other </li></ul><ul><li>arm/hand, pull the arm across the </li></ul><ul><li>chest to where you feel a good </li></ul><ul><li>stretch. </li></ul>
  63. 63. Triceps Surae Stretching <ul><li>“ Gastrocs” You can do this one up against the wall, keep the knee straight and heel of the leg you are stretching touching the floor. Lean forwards as you are stretching </li></ul><ul><li>“ Soleus” Keep the heel of the leg you are stretching touching the floor, bend your knee as you lower the body to stretch. Keep your back straight </li></ul>
  64. 64. Pectoral Stretching <ul><li>Corner Stretching: Put your elbow up along a corner, and choose 3 different levels in order to stretch different parts of the muscle. Turn away as you stretch and move your feet around in order to avoid twisting your back. </li></ul><ul><li>General Shoulder Stretch: Clasp your hand behind your back and reach upwards as you stretch and bring your cheat forwards. </li></ul>
  65. 65. Plyometrics, side to side jumps. <ul><li>Starting position: One legged stand with opposite arm forward like in diagonal skiing. Weight shift with a jump side to side. </li></ul><ul><li>Hold each position for 2-5 seconds, soft landing with knees bent. You can also shift your weight forward and backwards with a jump or diagonally. To increase the difficulty jump on a foam pad or a trampoline. </li></ul>
  66. 66. Plyometrics, jump with lift. <ul><li>Starting position: One legged stand with opposite arm forward like classic skiing. Drive the back leg forward and lift off from the floor with the opposite leg as high as you can, do 5 reps and that switch sides. </li></ul>
  67. 67. Bounding, classic. <ul><li>Start out with a bent front knee, and land on a flat foot in the front, not on </li></ul><ul><li>your toes. Look up the hill and move your arms opposite from the legs, </li></ul><ul><li>Bend elbows and let your hand be at about eye level and swing back to about your </li></ul><ul><li>waist. When bounding drive the front knee up towards the hill, pause for a second </li></ul><ul><li>as to practice a complete weight transfer LT to RT. To add resistance you may have a </li></ul><ul><li>partner resist the movement with tubing from behind. </li></ul>
  68. 68. Bounding, classic with poles. <ul><li>Start out with a bent front knee, and land on a flat foot in the front, not on </li></ul><ul><li>your toes. Look up the hill and move your arms opposite from the legs, </li></ul><ul><li>Bend elbows and let your hand be at about eye level and swing back to about your </li></ul><ul><li>waist, release the grip/strap on the pole by your waist as you do a kick push backwards. Try to </li></ul><ul><li>keep the poles parallel. When bounding drive the front knee up towards the hill, pause for a </li></ul><ul><li>Second as to practice a complete weight transfer LT to RT. To add resistance you may have a </li></ul><ul><li>partner resist the movement with tubing from behind. </li></ul>
  69. 69. Bounding, skating. <ul><li>Face up hill, arms moves opposite from the legs and more from </li></ul><ul><li>side to side like you are skating, the motions should be </li></ul><ul><li>explosive and more side to side when driving up the hill, </li></ul><ul><li>attempt to straighten the kick off leg completely and use your </li></ul><ul><li>ankle toe flexors as well. </li></ul>
  70. 70. Bounding, V2 <ul><li>Let your hand hands swing up to eye level and swing </li></ul><ul><li>back to your waist level with bent elbows, arms swing </li></ul><ul><li>up first then the legs like you are pulling your self up </li></ul><ul><li>the hill. </li></ul>
  71. 71. Bounding, side-hilling. <ul><li>Place your side 90 Degrees to the hill, bent knee, swing your </li></ul><ul><li>top leg back and drive it up the hill as you kick off with the </li></ul><ul><li>bottom leg, straighten the bottom leg fully. Arm moves </li></ul><ul><li>opposite of the legs, hand to eye level and swings back to waist </li></ul><ul><li>level with a bent elbow. </li></ul>
  72. 72. Bounding, V1 with poles. <ul><li>Face up hill, feet and poles touch the ground at the same time, a rm </li></ul><ul><li>moves opposite of the legs, hand to eye level and swings back to waist </li></ul><ul><li>level with a bent Elbow, release the hand grip as you push back from </li></ul><ul><li>the waist. Move more from side to side </li></ul>
  73. 73. Bounding, V2 with poles. <ul><li>Face up hill, poles are placed up the hill first then move in to the poles. </li></ul><ul><li>Arm moves together, hand to eye level and swings back </li></ul><ul><li>to waist level with a bent elbow, release the hand grip as you push </li></ul><ul><li>back from the waist. Move more from side to side, and look up the hill. </li></ul>
  74. 74. Sample work out # 1 <ul><li>Warm-up x 10 min. </li></ul><ul><li>SET # 1 SET # 2 SET # 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Biceps Nr. 8 x 50 to 150 Nr. 4 x 15 Nr. 5 x 15 </li></ul><ul><li>Triceps Nr. 18 x50 to 150 Nr. 10 x 15 Nr. 14 x 15 </li></ul><ul><li>Quadriceps Nr. 21 x 20-50 Nr. 20 x 15 Nr. 21 x 15 </li></ul><ul><li>Hamstrings Nr. 26 x 15 Nr. 27 x 15 Nr. 26 x 15 </li></ul><ul><li>Back Muscles Nr. 46 x 15 Nr. 47 x 15 Nr. 46 x 15 </li></ul><ul><li>Abdominals Nr. 35 x max Nr. 37 x 4max Nr. 44 x 15 </li></ul><ul><li>Gluteals Nr. 31 x 15 Nr. 32 x 15 Nr. 31 x 15 </li></ul><ul><li>Latissimus Nr. 53 x 15 Nr. 52 x 15 Nr. 53 x 15 </li></ul><ul><li>Stretching x 10 min. </li></ul>
  75. 75. Sample work out # 2 <ul><li>Warm-up x 10 min. </li></ul><ul><li>SET # 1 SET # 2 SET # 3 (SET # 4) </li></ul><ul><li>Biceps Nr. 8 x 50 to 150 Nr. 6 x 8 Nr. 4 x 8 Nr. 9 x 8 </li></ul><ul><li>Triceps Nr. 13 x50 to 150 Nr. 15 x 8 Nr. 15 x 8 Nr. 15 x 8 </li></ul><ul><li>Quadriceps Nr. 20 x 8 Nr. 25 x 60 sec. Nr. 23 x 60 sec Nr. 20 x 8 </li></ul><ul><li>Plyometrics Nr. 65 x 60 sec. Nr. 66 x 60 sec. Nr. 65 x 60 sec. Nr. 66 x 60 sec. </li></ul><ul><li>Abdominals Nr. 36 x max Nr. 40 x max Nr. 45 x max Nr. 36 x max </li></ul><ul><li>Gluteals Nr. 30 x 60 sec. Nr. 31 x 60 sec. Nr. 30 x 60 sec. Nr. 31 x 60 sec. </li></ul><ul><li>Pectoralis Nr. 49 x 50 Nr. 48 x 8 Nr. 48 x 8 Nr. 48 x 8 </li></ul><ul><li>Rhomboids Nr. 51 x 50 Nr. 50 x 8 Nr. 50 x 8 Nr. 50 x 8 </li></ul><ul><li>Stretching x 10 min </li></ul><ul><li>HAPPY TRAILS </li></ul>
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