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What is the Scientific Method ? And how do we use it?
Identify the Problem <ul><li>A problem statement outlines what you want to investigate. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask yourself….Wh...
Research <ul><li>Refer to resources with great  information </li></ul><ul><li>Find various information about your topic. <...
Possible Resources <ul><li>Books </li></ul><ul><li>Magazines </li></ul><ul><li>Newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>Internet </li>...
Develop a Hypothesis <ul><li>All Hypothesis should include these parts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus of the experiment </li...
For Example…  Your Hypothesis May be… <ul><li>Water will evaporate faster in the sun than in a shady location. </li></ul><...
Conduct Experiments <ul><li>Test your hypothesis </li></ul><ul><li>Use instruments to measure </li></ul><ul><li>Record inf...
Keep Detailed Records of Methods and Results <ul><li>Be an awesome observer </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t focus on your predicti...
Results <ul><li>What did you learn during this investigation? </li></ul><ul><li>Did you discover any facts that you didn’t...
Report the Experiments <ul><li>What Happened?? </li></ul><ul><li>Review data collected </li></ul><ul><li>Review observatio...
Analyze the results <ul><li>And so… </li></ul><ul><li>What did you find out? </li></ul>
Develop a Conclusion <ul><li>Did the results confirm your prediction? </li></ul><ul><li>Did the results not prove my predi...
Conclusion <ul><li>This should be a statement that answers the original question (s). </li></ul><ul><li>Be sure to share s...
Application to the Real World <ul><li>Was this experiment important? </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Why not? </l...
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What is the scientific method?

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k12 5th Grade Science Class Connect on the Scientific Method!

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Transcript of "What is the scientific method?"

  1. 1. What is the Scientific Method ? And how do we use it?
  2. 2. Identify the Problem <ul><li>A problem statement outlines what you want to investigate. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask yourself….What do I want to find out? </li></ul><ul><li>What do I hope to learn from this experiment? </li></ul><ul><li>Also called your purpose. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Research <ul><li>Refer to resources with great information </li></ul><ul><li>Find various information about your topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Without research, predicting the outcome of your project is impossible! </li></ul>
  4. 4. Possible Resources <ul><li>Books </li></ul><ul><li>Magazines </li></ul><ul><li>Newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Websites </li></ul><ul><li>Interviews with experts </li></ul>
  5. 5. Develop a Hypothesis <ul><li>All Hypothesis should include these parts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus of the experiment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What’s being measured </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expected results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A Hypothesis is an educated guess or prediction. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. For Example… Your Hypothesis May be… <ul><li>Water will evaporate faster in the sun than in a shady location. </li></ul><ul><li>Ants are more attracted to salt water, than sugar water. </li></ul><ul><li>The larger load may be moved with less effort when using one lever. </li></ul><ul><li>Make it a statement…do not use “I THINK” in the actual hypothesis statement. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Conduct Experiments <ul><li>Test your hypothesis </li></ul><ul><li>Use instruments to measure </li></ul><ul><li>Record information and results </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct at least 3 trials </li></ul><ul><li>Pay attention to all results! </li></ul><ul><li>Errors are also information </li></ul>
  8. 8. Keep Detailed Records of Methods and Results <ul><li>Be an awesome observer </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t focus on your prediction…focus on your process and find accurate results </li></ul><ul><li>We learn just as much (if not more) from experimental error as we do when it all turns out the way we expected! </li></ul>
  9. 9. Results <ul><li>What did you learn during this investigation? </li></ul><ul><li>Did you discover any facts that you didn’t know before? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Report the Experiments <ul><li>What Happened?? </li></ul><ul><li>Review data collected </li></ul><ul><li>Review observations </li></ul><ul><li>Note all errors </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss all variables </li></ul>
  11. 11. Analyze the results <ul><li>And so… </li></ul><ul><li>What did you find out? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Develop a Conclusion <ul><li>Did the results confirm your prediction? </li></ul><ul><li>Did the results not prove my prediction? </li></ul><ul><li>Are there questions that remain unanswered? </li></ul><ul><li>What changes could I have made? </li></ul><ul><li>Are there new questions to be asked and tested? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Conclusion <ul><li>This should be a statement that answers the original question (s). </li></ul><ul><li>Be sure to share surprise findings! </li></ul>
  14. 14. Application to the Real World <ul><li>Was this experiment important? </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Why not? </li></ul><ul><li>How does it apply to the real world and my life? </li></ul>
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