Kohlberg

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Kohlberg

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Kohlberg

  1. 1. Kohlberg Self-Interest Orientation
  2. 2. Breakdown of Stages <ul><li>Three morality levels </li></ul><ul><li>Further broken down into two stages per level </li></ul>
  3. 3. Level 1: Preconventional <ul><li>Stage 1: Self Focused Morality </li></ul><ul><li>Morality is defined as obeying rules and avoiding negative consequences. Children in this stage see rules set as defining moral law </li></ul>
  4. 4. Level 1: Preconventional <ul><li>Stage 2: Self Focused Morality </li></ul><ul><li>Something that satisfies the child’s needs is seen as good and moral. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Level 2: Conventional <ul><li>Stage 1: Other Focused Morality </li></ul><ul><li>Children begin to understand what is expected of them by their parents, teacher, etc. Morality is equal to achieving expectations. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Level 2: Conventional <ul><li>Stage 2: Other Focused Morality </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting obligations as well as following expectations are seen as moral law for children in this stage. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Level 3: Post Conventional <ul><li>Stage 1: Higher Focused Morality </li></ul><ul><li>Adults begin to understand that people have different opinions about morality and that rules and laws vary from group to group and culture to culture. Morality is seen as upholding the values of your own group or culture. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Level 3: Post Conventional <ul><li>Stage 2: Higher Focused Morality </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding your own personal beliefs allow adults to judge themselves as well as others based upon higher levels of morality. In this stage what is right and wrong varies depending on the circumstances surrounding the action. Basics of morality are the foundation with independent thought playing an important role. </li></ul>
  9. 9. References: <ul><li>This information was taken from: </li></ul><ul><li>http://allpsych.com/psychology101/moral_development.html </li></ul>

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