Hazmat training

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  • 1. Safe Hazardous Materials Transportation Training
  • 2. Hazmat Overview• Transporting HM is serious business• >13,000 chemical related deaths annually• >90% of HM shipped over highways• All individuals involved in any manner with HM transport are HM employees as defined in 49CFR
  • 3. Hazardous Materials Table• All hazardous materials are on HM table• Alphabetical order by proper shipping name• Each HM has a unique identification number• All begin with UN (United Nations)• Table begins on approximately p.154 in HM Guide• Need product name to use HM Table
  • 4. Column 1 - Symbols• (+) => Prohibits any description variation• A => Refers to air transit only• D => Refers to domestics transit only• G =>Requires one or more technical names be entered in parentheses• I => Refers to international transit only• W => Refers to water transit only
  • 5. Column 2 - Proper Shipping Name • Descriptions and Proper Shipping Name • If do not have name, but have ID number - use ID Cross Reference chart on p.88 • Numbers are listed in order -- gives you proper shipping name to cross reference to HM Table
  • 6. Column 3 - Hazard Class• Each HM is in a Hazard Class• Refer to p.14-15 to see the classes
  • 7. Hazard Classes• Class 1 - Explosives • Class 6 - Poisons• Class 2 - Gases • Class 7 - Radioactive• Class 3 - Flammable and Materials Combustible Liquids • Class 8 - Corrosives• Class 4 - Flammable • Class 9 - Solids Miscellaneous• Class 5 - Oxidizers and • ORM-D - Other Organic Peroxides Regulated Material
  • 8. Column 4 - Product Identification Number• Used to be NA prefixes - being fazed out• New prefix is UN - United Nations – used globally for uniform referencing• Each HM has its own unique ID#
  • 9. Column 5 - Packaging Group• Refers to the least necessary packaging group required• Three categories based on degree of danger – PG I - Strongest type, any product can be packed in this type – PG II - intermediate – PG III - Only the least dangerous material may be packed in this type
  • 10. Column 6 - Proper Label Code• Refers to the hazard warning labels required for the package• All HM packages are required to be labeled• Labels should be facing out when loaded on skids
  • 11. Column 7 - Special Provisions• Refers to the special provisions listing that begins on page 515• Should be checked for any special precautions or information on product
  • 12. Hazardous Substances• Material including its mixtures and solutions, in a quantity, in one package, that equals or exceeds the reportable quantity listed.• Appendix A, 172.101 beginning on page 441
  • 13. Hazardous Substance Cont…• If the quantity exceeds the RQ, the letters RQ must appear – Either before or after the description on the shipping papers – OR RQ can be in place of the “X” in HM column
  • 14. When is Placarding Required?• Depends on TYPE and QUANTITY• TABLE 1 requires placards in any amount – refer to page 37• TABLE 2 (page 37-38) requires placards when amount exceeds 454 kilograms, or 1,001 lbs.....
  • 15. 1,000 Kilogram Rule• If aggregate weight of all TABLE 2 materials exceeds 454 kg, but no one product exceeds 1,000 kg(2,205 lbs) a DANGEROUS placard can be used in lieu of the specific placards• Remember these conversions – 1,000 kg = 2,205 lbs – 454 kg = 1,001 lbs
  • 16. Example Placard Problem• Trailer contains the following HM: – 2,000 lbs Class 8 Corrosives – 600 lbs Class 5.1 Oxidizer – 1,010 lbs Class 2.1 Flammable Gas• What placards would be required? + + OR
  • 17. Example 2• 3,000 lbs Class 8 Corrosive• 600 lbs Class 5 Oxidizer• 1,010 lbs Class 2.1 Flammable Gas• What placards are required? – Either specific placards for each as before, OR +
  • 18. REMINDER!• TABLE 1 REQUIRES HAZARD CLASS SPECIFIC PLACARDS IN ANY AMOUNT!
  • 19. Large Quantities of a Single HM• Shipments containing only one type of HM in non-bulk that are: – Each package is marked with the proper shipping name & ID# – Aggregate gross weight of the HM is 4,000KG (8,820 lbs) or more – All HM is loaded at one facility – Vehicle contains no other HM• Must have the ID# placed on each side and each end of the vehicle• Does not apply to Class 1, Class 7, or to non-bulk packages for which an ID number is not required
  • 20. Shipping Papers • All HM except • NEW! - First 4 entries ORM-D requires must be in this order shipping papers (IHSP) – NOTE* Voluntary compliance – UN Identification begins 1/1/08, Number mandatory compliance – Proper Shipping begins 1/1/2013 Name • Only quantity can be – Hazard Class abbreviated (lbs..., kg) – Can be placed 1st or – Packaging Group last – Quantity10 Drums-Hydrochloric Acid/Class 8/UN1789/III/500 gal
  • 21. Shipping Papers Change• A new item to watch for in the Basic Description in addition to the information on the previous slide – Must list the number and type of packages • i.e. “12 drums” or “12 boxes”, etc. – This is different than listing the quantity by mass or volume
  • 22. Mixed Shipments• 3 ways to identify HM in mixed shipments – List HM first on shipping papers – Place an “X” in HM column – Use contrasting ink color
  • 23. Shipping Paper Location• Within reach of the driver when restrained in seatbelt• Tabbed or on top of any other paperwork• *Should be in plain view*• When driver leaves vehicle – Left in driver’s seat, OR – Left in driver’s door pouch
  • 24. Driver’s Responsibilities• Check for proper paperwork• Check for proper placards and labels• Proper Load securement• Check tires according to regulations• Know vehicle attendance requirements
  • 25. Emergency Response Guide• Contains information on the following: – Fires – Leaks – Spills – First Aid• Must be in driver’s possession while transporting HM
  • 26. ERG Cont...• Has 4 color coded sections – Yellow: when ID# is known – Blue: when product name is known – Orange: Emergency response info guides – Green: Isolation Distances• Note: highlighted entries are inhalation hazards, refer to the green section
  • 27. Final Precautions• This training is not meant to make you a hazmat emergency responder• Things you cannot see can kill you• Things you cannot smell can kill you• Fire can be invisible• Do not take unnecessary risks that may do severe harm to yourself or others
  • 28. Thank You for AttendingHazardous Materials Safety Training