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Final project in it 1(hp2)
 

Final project in it 1(hp2)

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    Final project in it 1(hp2) Final project in it 1(hp2) Presentation Transcript

    • Final project in IT-1(HP2)
      Joy Kristine P. Ramacula
      Student
      Mr. YollyPelegrino
      IT 1 Instructor
    • BIOTECHNOLOGY
      Is a technology based on biology when used in
      agriculture and medicine.
      The United Nations convention on Biology Diversity defines biotechnology as, any technological application that uses biological system living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use.
    • HISTORY OF BIOTECHNOLOGY
      Biotechnology is often used to refer to genetic engineering technology of the 21st century, however the term encompasses or wider range and history procedure for modifying biological organisms according to the needs of humanity, going back to the initial modifications of native plants into improve food crops through selection and hybridation.
    • The most practical use of biotechnology, which is still present today, is the cultivation of plants to produce food suitable to humans.
      Lewis Pasteur(1857)- first use of biotechnology, to convert a food source into another form through the process of fermentation.
      Chaim Weizmann(1517)- first used a pure microbiological culture in an industrial process, that of manufacturing corn starch using clostridium acetobutlyicum, to produce acetone, which the United Kingdom disparately needed to manufacture explosive during World War.
    • BIOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS
      Four major Industrial Areas
      Health Care (medical)
      Crop production and agriculture
      Non-food (industrial)
      Environmental uses
    • ISSUES IN BIOTECHNOLOGY
      Absence of cure.
      Ownership and control of genetic information.
      CLONING- involves the removal of the nucleus from 1 cell and its placement in an unfertilized egg cell whose nucleus has been deactivated or removed.
    • CLONING
      CLONING- involves the removal of the nucleus from 1 cell and its placement in an unfertilized egg cell whose nucleus has been deactivated or removed.
      2 TYPES OF CLONING
      Reproductive cloning
      Therapeutic cloning
    • AGRICULTURE
      Improve field from crops
      Reduce vulnerability of crops to environmental stresses
      Increased nutritional qualities and quantity of food crops
      Improved taste, texture or appearance of food
      Reduce dependence on fertilizers pesticides and other agrochemicals.
    • BIOLOGICAL ENGINEERING
      -is a branch of engineering that focuses on biotechnologies and biological constructions.
      -bioengineering applies engineering principles ta the full spectrum of living systems.
    • HUMAN GENETIC ENGINEERING
      -can be used to treat genetic disease.
      -is already used on a small scale to allow already women with genetic defects in their mitochondria to have children.
      -has the potential to change human being appearance, adaptability, intelligence character and behavior.