Lithuanian symbols and topics, flag, anthem, myth of Vilnius Gediminas's castle.
National Symbols <ul><li>The historical national coat of arms of Lithuania is Vytis (an armoured knight). The Supreme Council - the Reconstituent Seimas approved the official coat of arms and emblem, Vytis, by passing the Law on the National Coat of Arms on 11 March 1990. Article 15 of the 1992 Constitution stipulates, "The coat of arms of the State shall be a white Vytis on a red field". The 1990 Law approved the image of Vytis, created by sculptor Juozas Zikaras in 1925 for Lithuanian coins, as a sample of the Lithuanian national emblem. The coloured sample version was approved by the Supreme Council - the Reconstituent Seimas on 17 May 1990. The Lithuanian national coat of arms is a symbol from the inter-war period. It is noteworthy that the State of Lithuania continues the traditions of the inter-war period. The tapestry by the Lithuanian artist Kęstutis Balčikonis, which is one of the decorations of the Parliament Plenary Hall, bears this particular image of Vytis. The first produced replica of the Lithuanian national coat of arms is placed over the main entrance to the Seimas buildings in the Grand Courtyard and can be seen from the window of the Constitution Hall of the Seimas. </li></ul>
Vytis with a cross in the background. Tapestry by K. Balčikonis in the Seimas Plenary Hall. Photo by Gintaras Mačiulis
NATIONAL ANTHEM OF LITHUANIA <ul><li>Lithuania, my homeland, land of heroes! Let your Sons draw strength from the past. Let your children follow only the paths of virtue, working for the good of their native land and for all mankind. Let the sun banish all darkness from Lithuania, with light and truth always guiding our steps. Let the love of Lithuania burn in our hearts and for the sake of our country let unity blossom. </li></ul>
The Legend of Iron Wolf <ul><li>Vilnius founding legend says that the hunting Duke Gediminas stayed overnight in Vilnius, at the place where Gediminas castle is located now. In the dream he envisioned an iron wolf on the mountaintop. The wolf of iron was uttering such howls that they sounded as if there were hundreds of wolves bellowing in unison. In the morning the priest Lizdeika explained that the Iron Wolf signifies a large and mighty city. The city will stand as strong as iron and its walls will protect the land from its enemies. The howling means a clamour will arise from it reaching far beyond the country's borders and proclaiming through long centuries the glory of Lithuania . </li></ul>
<ul><li>This work was made by Edvinas Rutkaukas, Ignas Bradauskas and Daniele Biskyte. </li></ul>