Famous Lithuania Museums and Galleries Museums Lithuanians, whose motherland had experienced such a dramatic history, protect and honour historical legacy and cultural heritage of their country. The National Museum of Lithuania, the oldest in the country, holds the largest repository of cultural heritage in the country. The Old Arsenal located nearby presents the prehistory of the Balts and origins of Lithuanian nation.
Molėtai Astronomical Observatory <ul><li>The Molėtai Astronomical Observatory was built in Molėtai district in 1969 as the previous Lithuanian observatory located in Vilnius Vingis park lost conditions for operating because of city expansion. It is well known that watching astronomical objects requires darkness and clear sky so the new and pretty better place for the astronomical center was chosen. The Molėtai Astronomical Observatory was erected 70km north from Vilnius on the Kaldiniai hill. </li></ul><ul><li>Molėtai Astronomical Observatory welcomes not only scientists of astronomy but people of other professions too. Everybody are pleased to get acquainted with the great number of exhibits including real telescopes, many original impressive galaxy photos, the latest astronomy news. Sometimes visitors can get a chance to glance to the sky through the telescope and to see the cosmos by themselves! Finally, next to Kaldiniai hill is another hill where the Museum of Ethnocosmology is located where visitors are able to get acquainted with the historical viewpoint about celestial bodies. </li></ul><ul><li>The Molėtai Astronomical Observatory is the only one place in Lithuania including such a great astronomical technologies. Visiting the Observatory always delights its guests as they have a perfect chance to know better, what is above our planet. Of course, Molėtai Astronomical Observatory does not propagate myths about aliens, but people visited it understand how little they are, and how little is the importance of their biggest problems. </li></ul>
Lithuanian Sea Museum <ul><li>The Lithuanian Sea Museum located in Klaipėda, Smiltynė, is one of the most impressive museums in Lithuania. It always astonishes its visitors and attracts to come back and visit it again. The museum undoubtedly justifies its motto “Together we will learn to explore, enjoy and preserve our harmony with the sea”. </li></ul><ul><li>The exposition of Marine fauna is a miscellaneous collection of exhibits including mollusc shells, 50 various fossils, shark tees, algae, trilobite, various original exhibits representing times of the dinosaurs. Visitors can also see professionally made sculptures of the most dangerous sea animals in their original size. The special illumination, sound and light effects strengthen the impression that they are real and still dangerous. </li></ul><ul><li>If you ever come to Klaipėda, you will be grateful to yourself for visiting this remarkable museum. </li></ul>
9th FORT <ul><li>9th Fort is a Stronghold in the northwest section of Kaunas, with capacity of defensive in strengthening. The construction of 9th Fort began in 1902, its construction of 9th was completed of the eve of First World War. From 1924 this Fort was Kaunas' prison branch, house of corrections, with 100 hectares of auxiliary farm land, contained an orchard planted by prisoners. During First Soviet occupation years (1940–1941) 9th Fort became a prison of NKVD, from which political prisoners were sent to Soviet camps. During year of Nazi occupation, 9th Fort became the area of mass murders. After Second World War Soviets used 9th Fort as a prison for several years. From 1948 to 1958 farm organizations established in 9th Fort, then main object was to destroy the fort's architectural objects. </li></ul><ul><li>There were storerooms of food and ammunition established, also underground passages extended connecting the barrack and the outside defensive wall. In 1924 the barrack became a branch of hard labor prison. In 1940-1941 the building worked only as a prison and a station for political convicts being departed to Soviet lagers. During the years of Nazi occupation (1941-1944) more than 50 000 people were killed in this fort. 30 000 of them were Jews who lived in Kaunas, 10 000 Jews were brought there to be killed from other countries. This tragic aspect formed the significant base to transform the building into memorable museum and monument of destruction of humanity in 1958. The Ninth fort became a museum of republic importance. In 1984 the new museum was built as well as a sculpture of 32 meters height symbolizing pain, death and eternal memento of mass massacre. </li></ul><ul><li>Authentic guns and ammunition, real former sweatboxes with authentic bed of boards, furniture and things used by prisoners are available to see. T here are exposed photos and documents of various historical events related to these brutal slaughters. In addition to this, there is also a separate excursion course leading through catacombs and the defensive wall of the Ninth fort. The defensive wall extends about 1 kilometer. Excursionists may see cannons and ammunition of the First and Second Wars there, the real underground water well and storages. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Some visitors of the Ninth fort are simply looking for angst experience as they imagine that visiting the former place of murders is something like watching a horror film. Perhaps, these expectations are fulfilled well as everyone left the museum are a bit shocked </li></ul>
Galleries <ul><li>Art Galleries in Lithuania </li></ul><ul><li>In Lithuania there are more than 40 Art Galleries. Visitors there are able not only to admire marvelous art works but also to take educational services afforded in Art Galleries. Variety of Art Works can astonish even seasoned ones. Visitors are able to see various styles and techniques artworks of many artists varying from talented schoolchildren to world famous professional creators. There is no doubt that Lithuanians love art and it is obviously seen . </li></ul>
Amber gallery <ul><li>Amber Gallery in Vilnius offers its visitors to observe an untradtional collection of amber articles and also of some other unexpected ancient relicts found right here, in the building where the gallery is located. It is part of amber galleries complex in Lithuania as Amber galleries are also established in Nida and Palanga. Beautiful collections were collected in 20 years from a seaside in Juodkrantė and Nida. </li></ul><ul><li>The Amber Gallery can be found in Vilnius Old town. The building where the Amber Gallery is now located in 1995 was bought by Mizgiriai family in order to implement their dream – to open there an Amber Gallery . They were really surprised when they realized that the same building has also a very valuable ancient relicts in its basement. There were found several ancient stoves for ceramics roasting built in 15th century! These stoves nowadays are also exposed together with marvelous amber exhibits. Later on, archeologists made a research in the building and it was stated that going down from the upper halls to the basement of the gallery, you pass through different centuries as walls differ from each other revealing different layers of centuries. </li></ul><ul><li>Amber is a semiprecious stone found in Baltic sea region, moslty in Lithuanian, Russian and Latvian seasides. Originally, it is a fossil gum which solidified preserving inside inclusions of insects or plants that felt into fresh pine gum 50 million years ago and oviously stuck there forever of the same shape and form. It is a typical geological structure of Baltic seaside which is well known as a beautiful valuable founding not only in Baltic countries, but also in faraway lands. It is well known that ancient Rome was actively bartering with Balts offering them expensive clothes, jewelry and metals and asking for Baltic amber, wax and honey. </li></ul><ul><li>According to artists, amber as a material is very interesting as its pieces are all of different shapes, colors and structures. What is more, when processing it, it changes its features: new color nuances, inside bubbles, clouds and shadows appear inside it. So, amber jewelry and other articles are all unique and original. They all keep 50 million years old history of our Earth beautifying today. </li></ul>
National Art Gallery <ul><li>2009 is a year when Vilnius is honored to be the European culture capital so it is not a coincidence that the National Art Gallery was finally reconstructed and opened in 2009 the 19th of June. The main purpose of the gallery is to collect, organize scientific researches and represent for its guests from Lithuania and countries abroad the Lithuanian art of 20th and 21st centuries. </li></ul><ul><li>As Lithuanian art is a strong branch in world culture which is related with foreign art in various ways, the National Art Gallery will try to implement its main purpose – to widen the knowledge of its guests about the Lithuanian art and the conception of visualization art as well as to preserve the Lithuanian art heritage. National Art Gallery is thought to be a modern up to date culture center which tries to contract the dialog with the society. It is not only a gallery, it is a space for active communication , where visitors are able to get acquainted with the exhibitions, participate in cultural and educational programs. Today the National Art Gallery expose more than 46000 artworks including modern painting, sculpture, graphic, photography, installations and video art. </li></ul><ul><li>The National Art Gallery is open for everyone who is interested in professional art, professional artists and art history. The total 12 halls of exhibitions requires not one hour to survey the expositions closely. Take your time and enjoy a relaxing walk in surroundings of modern architecture and art masterpieces. </li></ul>