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science<br />
science<br />organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural world; also, the body of knowledge that scientists...
observation<br />
observation<br />use of one or more of the senses—sight, hearing, touch, smell, and sometimes taste—to gather information<...
data<br />
data<br />evidence; information gathered from observations<br />
inference <br />
inference <br />logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experience<br />
hypothesis<br />
hypothesis<br />possible explanation for a set of observations or possible answer to a scientific question <br />OR<br />a...
Spontaneous generation<br />
Spontaneous generation<br />hypothesis (disproven) stating that life could arise from nonliving matter<br />
controlled experiment<br />
controlled experiment<br />a test of the effect of a single variable by changing it while keeping all other variables the ...
manipulated variable<br />
manipulated variable<br />factor in an experiment that a scientist purposely changes; also known as independent variable<b...
responding<br />variable<br />
responding<br />variable<br />factor in an experiment that a scientist wants to observe, which may change in response to t...
theory<br />
theory<br />well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of observations <br />
biology<br />
biology<br />science that seeks to understand the living world<br />
cell<br />
cell<br />collection of living matter enclosed by a barrier that separates the cell from its surroundings; basic unit of a...
sexual reproduction<br />
sexual reproduction<br />process by which cells from two different parents unite to produce the first cell of a new organi...
asexual reproduction<br />
asexual reproduction<br />process by which a single parent reproduces by itself <br />
metabolism<br />
metabolism<br />set of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up or breaks down materials as it carries out i...
stimulus<br />
stimulus<br />a signal to which an organism responds <br />
homeostasis<br />
homeostasis<br />process by which organisms maintain a relatively stable internal environment <br />
ml<br />
metric system<br />ml<br />
metric system<br />decimal system of measurement based on certain physical standards and scaled on multiples of 10<br />ml...
microscope<br />
microscope<br />device that produces magnified images of structures that are too small to see with the unaided eye <br />
compound light microscope<br />
compound light microscope<br />microscope that allows light to pass through a specimen and uses two lenses to form an imag...
Electron microscope<br />
Electron microscope<br />microscope that forms an image by focusing beams of electrons onto a specimen<br />
cell culture<br />
cell culture<br />group of cells grown in a nutrient solution from a single original cell<br />
cell fractionation<br />
cell fractionation<br />technique in which cells are broken into pieces and the different cell parts are separated <br />
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Chapter 1 Vocabulary

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Transcript of "Chapter 1 Vocabulary"

  1. 1.
  2. 2. science<br />
  3. 3. science<br />organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural world; also, the body of knowledge that scientists have built up after years of using this process<br />
  4. 4.
  5. 5. observation<br />
  6. 6. observation<br />use of one or more of the senses—sight, hearing, touch, smell, and sometimes taste—to gather information<br />
  7. 7.
  8. 8. data<br />
  9. 9. data<br />evidence; information gathered from observations<br />
  10. 10.
  11. 11. inference <br />
  12. 12. inference <br />logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experience<br />
  13. 13.
  14. 14. hypothesis<br />
  15. 15. hypothesis<br />possible explanation for a set of observations or possible answer to a scientific question <br />OR<br />an educated guess<br />
  16. 16.
  17. 17. Spontaneous generation<br />
  18. 18. Spontaneous generation<br />hypothesis (disproven) stating that life could arise from nonliving matter<br />
  19. 19.
  20. 20. controlled experiment<br />
  21. 21. controlled experiment<br />a test of the effect of a single variable by changing it while keeping all other variables the same<br />
  22. 22.
  23. 23. manipulated variable<br />
  24. 24. manipulated variable<br />factor in an experiment that a scientist purposely changes; also known as independent variable<br />
  25. 25.
  26. 26. responding<br />variable<br />
  27. 27. responding<br />variable<br />factor in an experiment that a scientist wants to observe, which may change in response to the manipulated variable; also known as a dependent variable <br />
  28. 28.
  29. 29. theory<br />
  30. 30. theory<br />well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of observations <br />
  31. 31.
  32. 32. biology<br />
  33. 33. biology<br />science that seeks to understand the living world<br />
  34. 34.
  35. 35. cell<br />
  36. 36. cell<br />collection of living matter enclosed by a barrier that separates the cell from its surroundings; basic unit of all forms of life <br />
  37. 37.
  38. 38. sexual reproduction<br />
  39. 39. sexual reproduction<br />process by which cells from two different parents unite to produce the first cell of a new organism<br />
  40. 40.
  41. 41. asexual reproduction<br />
  42. 42. asexual reproduction<br />process by which a single parent reproduces by itself <br />
  43. 43.
  44. 44. metabolism<br />
  45. 45. metabolism<br />set of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up or breaks down materials as it carries out its life processes <br />
  46. 46.
  47. 47. stimulus<br />
  48. 48. stimulus<br />a signal to which an organism responds <br />
  49. 49.
  50. 50. homeostasis<br />
  51. 51. homeostasis<br />process by which organisms maintain a relatively stable internal environment <br />
  52. 52. ml<br />
  53. 53. metric system<br />ml<br />
  54. 54. metric system<br />decimal system of measurement based on certain physical standards and scaled on multiples of 10<br />ml<br />
  55. 55.
  56. 56. microscope<br />
  57. 57. microscope<br />device that produces magnified images of structures that are too small to see with the unaided eye <br />
  58. 58.
  59. 59. compound light microscope<br />
  60. 60. compound light microscope<br />microscope that allows light to pass through a specimen and uses two lenses to form an image<br />
  61. 61.
  62. 62. Electron microscope<br />
  63. 63. Electron microscope<br />microscope that forms an image by focusing beams of electrons onto a specimen<br />
  64. 64.
  65. 65. cell culture<br />
  66. 66. cell culture<br />group of cells grown in a nutrient solution from a single original cell<br />
  67. 67.
  68. 68. cell fractionation<br />
  69. 69. cell fractionation<br />technique in which cells are broken into pieces and the different cell parts are separated <br />
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