Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Like this? Share it with your network

Share
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
998
On Slideshare
998
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
2

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1.
  • 2. science
  • 3. science
    organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural world; also, the body of knowledge that scientists have built up after years of using this process
  • 4.
  • 5. observation
  • 6. observation
    use of one or more of the senses—sight, hearing, touch, smell, and sometimes taste—to gather information
  • 7.
  • 8. data
  • 9. data
    evidence; information gathered from observations
  • 10.
  • 11. inference
  • 12. inference
    logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experience
  • 13.
  • 14. hypothesis
  • 15. hypothesis
    possible explanation for a set of observations or possible answer to a scientific question
    OR
    an educated guess
  • 16.
  • 17. Spontaneous generation
  • 18. Spontaneous generation
    hypothesis (disproven) stating that life could arise from nonliving matter
  • 19.
  • 20. controlled experiment
  • 21. controlled experiment
    a test of the effect of a single variable by changing it while keeping all other variables the same
  • 22.
  • 23. manipulated variable
  • 24. manipulated variable
    factor in an experiment that a scientist purposely changes; also known as independent variable
  • 25.
  • 26. responding
    variable
  • 27. responding
    variable
    factor in an experiment that a scientist wants to observe, which may change in response to the manipulated variable; also known as a dependent variable
  • 28.
  • 29. theory
  • 30. theory
    well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of observations
  • 31.
  • 32. biology
  • 33. biology
    science that seeks to understand the living world
  • 34.
  • 35. cell
  • 36. cell
    collection of living matter enclosed by a barrier that separates the cell from its surroundings; basic unit of all forms of life
  • 37.
  • 38. sexual reproduction
  • 39. sexual reproduction
    process by which cells from two different parents unite to produce the first cell of a new organism
  • 40.
  • 41. asexual reproduction
  • 42. asexual reproduction
    process by which a single parent reproduces by itself
  • 43.
  • 44. metabolism
  • 45. metabolism
    set of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up or breaks down materials as it carries out its life processes
  • 46.
  • 47. stimulus
  • 48. stimulus
    a signal to which an organism responds
  • 49.
  • 50. homeostasis
  • 51. homeostasis
    process by which organisms maintain a relatively stable internal environment
  • 52. ml
  • 53. metric system
    ml
  • 54. metric system
    decimal system of measurement based on certain physical standards and scaled on multiples of 10
    ml
  • 55.
  • 56. microscope
  • 57. microscope
    device that produces magnified images of structures that are too small to see with the unaided eye
  • 58.
  • 59. compound light microscope
  • 60. compound light microscope
    microscope that allows light to pass through a specimen and uses two lenses to form an image
  • 61.
  • 62. Electron microscope
  • 63. Electron microscope
    microscope that forms an image by focusing beams of electrons onto a specimen
  • 64.
  • 65. cell culture
  • 66. cell culture
    group of cells grown in a nutrient solution from a single original cell
  • 67.
  • 68. cell fractionation
  • 69. cell fractionation
    technique in which cells are broken into pieces and the different cell parts are separated