Psychogenic Amnesia<br />By: Kelsey and Kari<br />
Our 3 Questions<br />1) Are there other names for this disorder?<br />2) What’s the difference between Psychogenic Amnesia...
Are there any other names for this disorder?<br />Yes.<br />Functional Amnesia<br />Dissociative Amnesia<br />Two types<br...
What’s the difference between Psychogenic Amnesia and Amnesia?<br />With dissociative amnesia the memories still exist but...
What type of people are at higher risk?<br />Individuals who are at a great risk of getting psychogenic amnesia are people...
Psychogenic amnesia falls under the category of dissociative disorders. <br />What are dissociative disorders?<br />Can be...
Causes<br /><ul><li>Extensive psychological stress
 traumatic experiences
 internal problems
major stressors
 guilt
Drug use</li></li></ul><li>Theoretical Explanations<br />Freudian psychology – psychogenic amnesia is an act of self-prese...
Demographics<br />Can appear in patients of any age past infancy. However, prevalence is unknown.<br />Dissociative Amnesi...
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  1. 1. Psychogenic Amnesia<br />By: Kelsey and Kari<br />
  2. 2. Our 3 Questions<br />1) Are there other names for this disorder?<br />2) What’s the difference between Psychogenic Amnesia and Amnesia?<br />3) What type of people are at higher risk?<br />
  3. 3. Are there any other names for this disorder?<br />Yes.<br />Functional Amnesia<br />Dissociative Amnesia<br />Two types<br /> Global – sudden loss of personal identity<br />Lasting a few hours to days<br />Situation Specific – loss of memory occurs as a result of a severely stressful event<br />Common in cases of severe or repeated trauma<br />
  4. 4. What’s the difference between Psychogenic Amnesia and Amnesia?<br />With dissociative amnesia the memories still exist but are deeply buried in the individuals mind and can not be recalled<br />Normal amnesia is caused by a head injury which damage was done to the brain<br />amnesia is physical disorder and not considered a mental disorder<br />
  5. 5. What type of people are at higher risk?<br />Individuals who are at a great risk of getting psychogenic amnesia are people who have experienced a traumatic event. <br />Soldiers<br />Victims of domestic violence, sexual / physical abuse<br />Terrorist attacks<br />Natural disasters<br />Child abuse starting at a early age is linked to the disorder <br />
  6. 6. Psychogenic amnesia falls under the category of dissociative disorders. <br />What are dissociative disorders?<br />Can be defined as: A condition which is often caused by trauma which a person disconnects from full awareness in order to block unpleasant realities or memories<br />
  7. 7. Causes<br /><ul><li>Extensive psychological stress
  8. 8. traumatic experiences
  9. 9. internal problems
  10. 10. major stressors
  11. 11. guilt
  12. 12. Drug use</li></li></ul><li>Theoretical Explanations<br />Freudian psychology – psychogenic amnesia is an act of self-preservation (alternative to suicide)<br />Cognitive theory- repressing unwanted memories from entering the consciousness by altering neurotransmitters, affection formation and recall of memory<br />Betrayal trauma theory suggests it is an adaptive response to childhood abuse<br />Normal autobiographical memory processing is blocked by imbalance of stress hormones in the brain. <br />Stress may directly affect the medial temporal system, inhibiting the retrieval of autobiographical memories and producing a loss of personal identity. <br />
  13. 13. Demographics<br />Can appear in patients of any age past infancy. However, prevalence is unknown.<br />Dissociative Amnesia is estimated at 0.2%, but it is much more common in connections with wars, accidents and natural disasters. <br />Controversy among therapists regarding the increase in case reports of the disorder and the accuracy of the memories recovered. <br />Psychiatrists in the Us and Canada have significantly different opinions of dissociative disorder diagnoses<br />Only 30% of Canadian psychiatrists think that dissociative amnesia and dissociative identity disorder should be included in the DSM -IV-TR (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders)<br />
  14. 14. Symptoms<br />Difficulty recalling information from their past<br />Most patients that suffer from psychogenic amnesia have suffered a history of trauma<br />Depression <br />The feeling of memory loss is often overwhelming<br />Sudden inability to remember past experiences or personal information<br />Appear confused<br />
  15. 15. Therapies and Treatment<br />Psychotherapy:<br />Primary treatment<br />Talk therapy, counselling, psychosocial therapy<br />Talking about your disorder and related issues with a mental health provider<br />Your therapist will work to help understand the cause of your condition and to form new ways of coping with stressful circumstances<br />Medication:<br />No specific medication to treat dissociative disorders <br />Anti-depression/ anti-anxiety medication may benefit and relieve stress and anxiety that comes with the disorder<br />
  16. 16. Video<br />
  17. 17. References<br />http://my.clevelandclinic.org/disorders/dissociative_disorders/hic_dissociative_amnesia.aspx<br />http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16791779<br />http://www.memorylossonline.com/glossary/psychogenicamnesia.html<br />http://www.minddisorders.com/Del-Fi/Dissociative-amnesia.html<br />

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