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# Accounting rate of return

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• Average accounting profit is the arithmetic mean of accounting income expected to be earned during each year of the project&apos;s life time. Average investment may be calculated as the sum of the beginning and ending book value of the project divided by 2. Another variation of ARR formula uses initial investment instead of average investment.
• According to accounting rate of return method, the 4 Pillars Clothing Factory should purchases the machine because its estimated accounting rate of return is 17.14% which is greater than the management’s desired rate of return of 15%.
• If several investments are proposed and the management have to choose the best due to limited funds, the proposal with the highest accounting rate of return is preferred.  Consider the following exampleRequired: Using accounting rate of return method, select the best investment proposal for the companySolution:If only accounting rate of return is considered, the proposal B is the best proposal for Super Friends manufacturing company because its expected accounting rate of return is the highest among three proposals.
• ### Accounting rate of return

1. 1. By: Kristel Pamela Caluya
2. 2.  Accounting rate of return (also known as simple rate of return) is the ratio of estimated accounting profit of a project to the average investment made in the project. ARR is used in investment appraisal.
3. 3.  Accounting Rate of Return is calculated using the following formula: Average Accounting Profit  ARR = Average Investment
4. 4.  Accept the project only if its ARR is equal to or greater than the required accounting rate of return. In case of mutually exclusive projects, accept the one with highest ARR.
5. 5.  Example 1: An initial investment of ₱5.2M is expected to generate annual cash inflow of ₱1.2M for 5 years. Depreciation is allowed on the straight line basis. It is estimated that the project will generate scrap value of ₱420,000 at end of the 5th year. Calculate its accounting rate of return assuming that there are no other expenses on the project.
6. 6. Average Accounting Profit  ARR = Average Investment Annual Depreciation = (Initial Investment − Scrap Value) ÷ Useful Life in Years Annual Depreciation = (₱5,200,000 − ₱P420,000) ÷ 5 ≈ P956,000 Average Accounting Profit = ₱1,200,000 − ₱956,000 = ₱244,000 Accounting Rate of Return = ₱244,000 ÷ ₱5,200,000 ≈ 4.69%
7. 7.  The 4 Pillars Clothing Factory wants to replace an old machine with a new one. The old machine can be sold to a small factory for ₱400,000. The new machine would increase annual revenue by ₱6,000,000 and annual operating expenses by ₱2,400,000. The new machine would cost ₱14,400,000. The estimated useful life of the machine is 12 years with zero salvage value. Required:  Compute accounting rate of return of the machine using above information.  Should 4 Pillars Clothing Factory purchase the machine if management wants an accounting rate of return of 15% on all capital investments?
8. 8. Average Accounting Profit  ARR = Average Investment  = ₱2,400,000 * / ₱14,000,000**  = 17.14% *Average Accounting Profit Incremental revenues – Incremental expenses including depreciation 6,000,000-(2,400,000+1,200,000) =6,000,000-3,600,000 = ₱ 2,400,000 ** The amount of initial investment has been reduced by net realizable value of the old machine (₱ 14,400,000 – ₱400,000) = ₱ 14,000,000
9. 9.  The Superfriends manufacturing company has the following different alternative investment proposals: Kten’s Proposal Ren’s Proposal Maw’s Proposal Expected incremental income per year (a) ₱2,000,000 ₱3,000,000 ₱3,600,000 Initial investment (b) ₱10,000,000 ₱12,000,000 ₱20,000,000 Expected accounting rate of return (a)/(b)
10. 10. Thank You....