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vertebrate

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  1. The Vertebrates I. Characteristics of Vertebrates A. Ten Organ Systems 1. Respiratory System 2. Circulatory System 3. Digestive System 4. Integumentary System 5. Reproductive System 6. Excretory System 7. Endocrine System 8. Skeletal System 9. Muscular System 10. Nervous System
  2. II. Vertebrate Classes A. Agnatha (Jawless Fish) 1. Most primitive fish 2. Paired appendages absent 3. Seven spiracles on the ventral sides of the head 4. Endoskeleton composed of cartilage Lamprey Hagfish
  3. Lamprey cirri, teeth arranged in rows and dental plates on its tongue
  4. Two lampreys parasitizing a fresh-water fish
  5. B. Chondrichthyes (Cartiliginous fish) 1. jaw present 2. paired appendages a. pectoral fins b. Pelvic fins 3. 5 to 7 gill slits 4. cartiliginous endoskeleton 5. dentacle scales 6. examples: shark, ray, skate
  6. External anatomy of the shark
  7. Rows of teeth line the jaw of the shark
  8. Some man-eater sharks Hammerhead Great White Blue
  9. Whale shark
  10. Placoid scales compose the scales of the shark
  11. Sawfish
  12. Manta Ray
  13. C. Osteichthyes (bony fish) 1. Bony endoskeleton 2. Operculum 3. Overlapping scales 4. Perch, bass, flatfish
  14. Coelacanth Australian Lungfish
  15. D. Amphibia 1. Nictitating membrane 2. Tympanic membrane 3. No scales, moist body 4.Frog, toad, newt, salamander
  16. Tree Frog Toad
  17. Newt Salamander
  18. D. Reptilia 1. Body covered with scales or plates 2. Amniotic egg 3. Crocodile, alligator, turtles, lizards, snakes
  19. Crocodile Alligator
  20. Terrapin Tortoise Sea turtle
  21. Komoto dragon
  22. Poisonous North American snakes Coral snake Rattlesnake Copperhead Water Moccasin
  23. Pit Vipers
  24. Python Anaconda
  25. Boa constrictor
  26. Dinosaurs
  27. D. Aves 1. body covered with feathers 2. feed and care for offspring 3. adaptations to flight
  28. 4. foot adaptations
  29. 5. Bird beak adaptations
  30. E. Mammalia 1. body covered with hair or fur 2. care for offspring 3. mother feeds offspring with milk or milk-like substance F. Vertebrate Classes Monotremata Platypus Spiny anteater
  31. Marsupialia Opossum Kangaroo
  32. Koala
  33. Perissodactyla Rhinoceros Zebra
  34. Artiodactyla Hippopotamus Giraffe
  35. Insectivora Mole Rat
  36.  Lagomorpha Rabbit
  37. Chiroptera Bat
  38. Edentata Slot
  39. Cetacea Whale
  40. Carnivora Lion Wolf
  41.  Primates Howler Monkey Baboon
  42. Apes Gorilla Chimpanzee
  43. Orangutan Gibbon
  44. Homo sapiens

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