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Shaila.advocacy definitions bangla
Shaila.advocacy definitions bangla
Shaila.advocacy definitions bangla
Shaila.advocacy definitions bangla
Shaila.advocacy definitions bangla
Shaila.advocacy definitions bangla
Shaila.advocacy definitions bangla
Shaila.advocacy definitions bangla
Shaila.advocacy definitions bangla
Shaila.advocacy definitions bangla
Shaila.advocacy definitions bangla
Shaila.advocacy definitions bangla
Shaila.advocacy definitions bangla
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Shaila.advocacy definitions bangla

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  • 1. Rb‡MvôxwfwËK A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm¸i“Z¡c~Y© wKQzmsÁv
    Author: ShailaShahid
    Krisok of KrisokerSor(Farmers’ Voice)
    farmers.voice@gmail.com
  • 2. Rb‡MvôxwfwËK A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm
    A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm:
    ♣ A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm kãwU G‡m‡Q j¨vwUb kã “Advoca” ‡_‡K hvi A_© Z…Yg~‡ji KÚ¯^i| e¨vcK A‡_© A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm n‡jv Kv‡iv c‡¶ K_v ejv ev KvD‡K wb‡Ri g‡Z wb‡q Avmv ev Kv‡iv bvMwiK AwaKvi wbwðZ Kiv|
    ♣ A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm n‡jv KZ¸‡jv mymsMwVZ cÖ‡Póv I Kv‡Ri mgš^q| GKwU b¨vq I mgZv wfwËK mgvR cÖwZôvi j‡¶¨ RbbxwZ I AvBb cÖbqb Ges ms¯‹vi Gi Rb¨ bxwZ cÖbqbKvix‡`i cÖfvweZ Kiv Ges ‡mB m‡½ bxwZi ev¯—evqb wbwðZ Kivi Rb¨ †h mKj D‡`¨vM- ZvB A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm|
  • 3. Rb‡MvôxwfwËK A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm
    cÖZ¨vwkZ cwieZ©b:
    ♣ †Kvb GKwU Bmy¨i mgvavb Kivi gva¨‡g †h BwZevPK cwieZ©b Avkv Kiv nq †mUvB cÖZ¨vwkZ cwieZ©b|
    Kvh©Kix ‡hvMv‡hvM:
    ♣ `yB ev Z‡ZvwaK e¨w³ ev cÖwZôv‡bi g‡a¨ Z_¨ Av`vb cÖ`v‡bi cÖwµqvB n‡jv †hvMv‡hvM| Z_¨ Av`vb cÖ`v‡bi GB cÖwµqvi gva¨‡g `yB ev Z‡ZvwaK e¨w³ ev cÖwZôvb hw` cvi¯úwiK mg‡SvZvq †cŠuQvq Z‡e †mwU‡K ejv n‡e Kvh©Kix †hvMv‡hvM|
  • 4. Rb‡MvôxwfwËK A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm
    A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm c×wZ:
    ♣A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm ‡Kvb GKK c×wZ bq eis A‡bK¸‡jv c×wZi mgwó| A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm Kivi †¶‡Î mvavibZ: wbgœwjwLZ c×wZ¸‡jv e¨eüZ nq:
    ♣ wgwUs ev mfv Kg©kvjv i¨vwj †cv÷vwis jwes K¨v‡¤úBb wjd‡jU weZiY †bUIqvwK©s ‡KBm- óvwW cÖKvkbv WKz‡g›Uvwi †cÖm Kbdv‡iÝ BZ¨vw`
    ‡bUIqvwK©s:
    ♣ GKB ai‡Yi ¯^v_© AR©‡bi j‡¶¨ KZ¸‡jv `j Ges cÖwZôvb wbweo e܇b Ave× n‡Z cv‡i| G ai‡Yi msMVb¸‡jv mvaviY D‡Ïk¨ AR©‡bi Rb¨ cÖv_wgKfv‡e G‡K Ac‡ii mv‡_ wµqv-cÖwZwµqv Ki‡Z cv‡i| ‡Kvb mywbw`©ó Bmy¨ wb‡q †bUIqvK© MwVZ nq|
  • 5. Rb‡MvôxwfwËK A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm
    ‰gÎx MVb:
    ♣ A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm‡Z mn‡hvMxZvi mvaviY aiY¸‡jvi g‡a¨ i‡q‡Q-
    ‡bUIqvwK©s (Z_¨ wewbgq)
    ‡bUIqvK©m (Z_¨ wewbgq Ges wKQy Kg©Kv‡Êi mgš^q)
    ‡RvU (GKwU wbw`©ó Kvh©vejx m¤úv`‡bi Rb¨ K‡qKwU `j GKwÎZ n‡q KvR Kiv)
    ‰gÎx (GKwU wbw`©ó D‡Ïk¨ nvwm‡ji Rb¨ K‡qKwU `‡ji GKwU ¯’vqx mgš^q e¨e¯’v)
    ‰gÎx A_ev †RvU A_ev †bUIqv‡K©i†¶‡Î ¸i“Z¡c~Y© welq n‡jv-
    ♣ Gi mv‡_ RwoZ wewfbœ Askx`vi‡`i Aek¨B G‡K Ac‡ii D‡Ïk¨ m¤ú‡K© Rvb‡Z n‡e| Avevi wbw`©ó †h Bmy¨‡Z wewfbœ msMVb GKwÎZ n‡q KvR Ki‡Z mg‡eZ n‡q‡Q †mB mywbw`©ó Bmy¨ij¶¨ I D‡Ïk¨ m¤ú©‡KI mK‡ji cwi¯‹vi aviYv _vK‡Z n‡e|
  • 6. Rb‡MvôxwfwËK A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm
    jwes:
    ♣jwes n‡jv GKwU Kg©m~Px hv wm×vš— MÖnYKvix Ges bxwZ wba©viK‡`i cÖfvweZ Ki‡Z mnvqZv K‡i| jwes Gi d‡j wm×vš— MÖnYKvix ev bxwZ wbשviK‡`i GKwU mywbw`©ó Kv‡R DÏxß Kiv hvq| †hgb nZ `wi`ª‡`i g‡a¨ webv g~‡j¨ j¨vwUªb weZi‡Yi Rb¨ wm×vš— wb‡Z BDwbqb cwil`‡K DÏxß Kiv| jwes Gi gva¨‡g miKvix bxwZi D‡Ïk¨ AR©‡bi Rb¨ mswk­ô‡`i mv‡_ avivevwnKfv‡e m¤úK© cÖwZôvq KvR Kiv hvq|
  • 7. Rb‡MvôxwfwËK A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm
    Bmy¨:
    ♣ Bmy¨ n‡jv Ggb GKwU mgm¨v ev NUbv ev welq hv AwaK msL¨K RbMY‡K `xN© mgq a‡i cÖfvweZ ev ¶wZMÖ¯’ K‡i| Bmy¨ Aek¨B RbMY Øviv Abyf~Z n‡Z n‡e| GKwU A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm Bm¨y wb‡Pi cwieZ©b¸‡jv Avbvq‡b m¶g-
     ‡Kv‡bv e¨w³i Ávb A_ev m‡PZbZvi gvÎv
     ‡Kv‡bv e¨w³ ev msMVb ev cÖwZôv‡bi wm×vš—
    • ‡Kv‡bv e¨w³ ev msMVb ev cÖwZôv‡bi e¨envi ev Af¨vm
    • 8. ‡Kv‡bv e¨w³ ev msMVb ev cÖwZôv‡bi Kvh©vejx A_ev Kg©cwiKíbv
    • 9. ‡Kv‡bv bxwZi c‡¶ Kv‡iv mg_©b ev we‡ivwaZv
    Kvh©KviY we‡k­lY:
    ♣ †h †Kvb Bmy¨i wcQ‡b †h mg¯— welq wµqvkxj _v‡K Zv‡KB ejv nq Bmy¨i KviY| Avi Bmy¨i d‡j mswk­ó‡`i Dci †Kvb bv ‡Kvbfv‡e wKQy cÖfve c‡o| NUbvi KviY I Zvi cÖfve we‡k­lY K‡i cÖK„Z welqwU eySvi cÖwµqvB n‡jv Kvh©KviY we‡k­lY|
  • 10. Rb‡MvôxwfwËK A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm
    Bm¨y wfwËK A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm †KBm ÷vwW:
    ♣ A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm Bm¨yi mv‡_ mswk­ô †Kvb wel‡q †h †KBm óvwW Zv‡KB Bmy¨ wfwËK A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm †KBm óvwW ejv nq| ‡h †Kvb GKwU Bmy¨ wfwËK A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm †KBm óvwW‡Z wb‡gœv³ welq¸wj _v‡K -
    ♣ wKfv‡e GKwU Bm¨y‡K A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm Bm¨y wn‡m‡e wPwýZ, we‡k­lY Ges AMÖvwaKvi Kiv n‡qwQj
    ♣ H Bm¨ywU mgvavb Kivi Rb¨ wK wK c`‡¶c †bqv n‡qwQj
    ♣ RbMY‡K msMwVZ Kiv Ges bxwZ wba©viK‡`i mv‡_ msjvc ev Av‡jvPbvi Rb¨ Kviv †bZ…Z¡ w`‡qwQj
    ♣ H mg¯— c`‡¶c †bqvi d‡j wK wK cwieZ©b N‡UwQj
    ♣ H mg¯— cwieZ©‡bi d‡j `wi`ª Rb‡Mvôx wKfv‡e DcK…Z n‡qwQj
  • 11. Rb‡MvôxwfwËK A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm
    Rb‡MvôxwfwËK Av¨vW‡fv‡Kwm:
    ♣ Rb‡MvôxwfwËK A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm n‡jv †mB cÖwµqv hvi gva¨‡g RbMY‡K Ggbfv‡e ¶gZvwqZ Kiv nq hv‡Z K‡i Zviv wbR GjvKvi my„weavewÂZ‡`i AwaKvi Av`v‡qi Rb¨ msMwVZ n‡q mswk­ô †mev cÖ`vbKvix‡`i wbKU †_‡K †mev cvIqvi Rb¨ mwµq f~wgKv cvjb Ki‡Z cv‡ib|
    A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm evZ©v:
    ♣ `wi`ª Rb‡Mvôxi wbivc` cvwb I m¨vwb‡Ukb ‡mev cvIqvi wel‡q Avgiv ‡h cÖZ¨vwkZ cwieZ©b PvB Ges †h mg‡qi g‡a¨ PvB Zvi msw¶ß eb©Yv n‡jv A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm evZ©v| †Kb GB cwieZ©b cÖ‡qvRb Ges cwieZ©‡bi d‡j Kviv DcKvi cv‡e †mUvI A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm evZ©vi Aš—f~©³ n‡Z cv‡i|
  • 12. Rb‡MvôxwfwËK A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm
    ‡óK‡nvìvi A¨vbvjvBwmm
    Askx`vi:
    ♣ A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm‡Z Askx`vi nj †Kv‡bv e¨w³ ev `j ev miKvix ev †emiKvix ms¯’v hviv †Kv‡bv wbw`©ó †mev cÖ`vb ev MÖn‡Yi m‡½ cÖZ¨¶ ev c‡iv¶ fv‡e RwoZ| ‡hgb wbivc` cvwb I m¨vwb‡Ukb ‡mevi †¶‡Î Askx`vi n‡jv MÖvgxb RbMY, †Mvwô ev `j, Dc‡Rjv cwil`, Rb¯^v¯’¨ cÖ‡KŠkj Awa`ßi (wWwcGBPB), BDwbqb cwil`, ¯’vbxq GbwRI mg~n|
    g~L¨ Askx`vi:
    ♣ bvMwiK ‡mev cÖ`vbKvix e¨w³ ev msMVb ev cÖwZôvb hv‡`i wm×vš— ev Af¨vm Gi cwieZ©b cÖZ¨vkv Kiv n‡”Q Zv‡`i‡KB g~L¨ Askx`vi ejv n‡e| †hgb nZ`wi`ª‡`i m¨vwb‡Ukb †mev cÖvwßi †¶‡Î BDwbqb cwil` n‡”Q g~L¨ Askx`vi|
  • 13. Rb‡MvôxwfwËK A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm
    cÖfve we¯—vi ev cÖfvweZ Kiv:
    ♣ A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm‡Z cÖfve we¯—vi ev cÖfvweZ Kiv ej‡Z bxwZ wba©viYx mfvq AskMÖnY K‡i ‡Kvb cÖZ¨vwkZ cwieZ©b-Gi c‡¶ wm×vš— MÖnYKvix‡`i wm×vš— wb‡Z DØy× Ki‡Z †Kv‡bv e¨w³ ev Kg©m~Pxi mvg_©¨‡K eySvq|
    cÖfve we¯—viKvix Askx`vi:
    ♣ g~L¨ Askx`v‡ii Dci cÖfve i‡q‡Q Ggb ga¨¯—ZvKvix e¨w³ ev msMVb ev cÖwZôvb| †hgb ¯’vbxq mvgvwRK I agx©q †bZv I MY¨gvb¨ e¨w³eM©|
    evav`vbKvix Askx`vi:
    ♣ A¨vW‡fv‡Kwmi †¶‡Î evav`vbKvix Askx`vi ej‡Z ‡mB e¨w³ ev msMVb ev cÖwZôvb‡K eySv‡bv n‡e hviv †Kv‡bv cÖZ¨vwkZ cwieZ©b Avbvi †¶‡Î we‡ivwaZv Ki‡Z cv‡i wKš‘ D³ wel‡q †Kv‡bv wm×vš— MÖn‡bi †¶‡Î hv‡`i †Kv‡bv cÖZ¨¶ f~wgKv bvB|
  • 14. Rb‡MvôxwfwËK A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm
    wgÎ ev mggbv Askx`vi:
    ♣ A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm‡Z wgÎ ev mggbv Askx`vin‡jv †mB me Aswk`viMY hviv Avcbvi wbשvwiZ A¨vW‡fv‡Kwm Bmy¨‡Z KvR Ki‡Z cÖwZkÖ“wZe×, hviv Avcbvi wba©vwiZ cÖZ¨vwkZ cwieZ©‡bi Rb¨ mgfv‡e AvMÖnx Ges hv‡`i mn‡hvMxZv wb‡q H cwieZ©bwU Avbvq‡bi Rb¨ KvR Ki‡Z cvi‡eb| ˆgÎx MwVZ n‡j wewfbœ ai‡Yi gvbyl Ges `¶Zvi mswgkªY N‡U| ‰gÎx MVb n‡Z cv‡i AvbyôvwbK ev AbvbyôvwbK fv‡e, ¯’vqx ev A¯’vqx wfwˇZ Ges Giv GK ev GKvwaK Bm¨y wb‡q KvR Ki‡Z cv‡i | ˆgÎx MV‡bi myweav¸‡jv n‡jv-
     `¶Zv, Ávb I AwfÁZv wewbg‡qi m~‡hvM ˆZix nq
     Ab¨vb¨ m¤ú‡`i Dci cÖ‡ekvwaKvi ˆZix nq, †hgb Znwej msMÖn
     wewfbœ e¨w³ ev cÖwZôvb wbw`©ó Bmy¨‡Z mw¤§wjZfv‡e K_v ejvi Kvi‡b Bm¨ywU we‡klfv‡e ¸iZ¡ cvq
     GK ai‡bi Aswk`vwiZ¡ ev †bUIqv‡K©i wfwˇZ KvR Kivi d‡j Bmy¨i cÖwZ mg_©b Ges msnwZ e„w× cvq
  • 15. Avcbv‡`i mgq Ges g‡bv‡hv‡Mi Rb¨ ab¨ev`|

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