• There are billions of known species of organisms.• New organisms are still being found and identified.
• CLASSIFICATION: is the organization of living things into groups based on their similarities so that it is easier to study them.• TAXONOMY: The scientific study of how living things are classified is called Taxonomy.• TAXONOMISTS: Scientists that identify and name organisms.
CLASSIFICATION GROUPS• Kingdom King• Phylum Philip• Class Came• Order Over• Family For• Genus Gooseberry• Species Soup
Confusion in using different languages in naming
Carolus Linnaeus (1707- 1778)• Called the Father of Taxonomy• Developed the modern naming system• BINOMIAL NOMENCLATURE : Two word name (Genus and species)• Latin or Greek• Italicized in print• Capitalize Genus but not species
• The International Code for Binomial Nomenclature contains the rules for naming organisms.• All names must be approved by International Naming Congresses to prevent duplicates.