Classification of living things
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Classification of living things

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Classification of living things Classification of living things Presentation Transcript

  • CLASSIFICATION OF LIVING THINGS
  • • There are billions of known species of organisms.• New organisms are still being found and identified.
  • • CLASSIFICATION: is the organization of living things into groups based on their similarities so that it is easier to study them.• TAXONOMY: The scientific study of how living things are classified is called Taxonomy.• TAXONOMISTS: Scientists that identify and name organisms.
  • CLASSIFICATION GROUPS• Kingdom King• Phylum Philip• Class Came• Order Over• Family For• Genus Gooseberry• Species Soup
  • Confusion in using different languages in naming
  • Latin names are understood by all Taxonomists
  • Carolus Linnaeus (1707- 1778)• Called the Father of Taxonomy• Developed the modern naming system• BINOMIAL NOMENCLATURE : Two word name (Genus and species)• Latin or Greek• Italicized in print• Capitalize Genus but not species
  • • The International Code for Binomial Nomenclature contains the rules for naming organisms.• All names must be approved by International Naming Congresses to prevent duplicates.
  • American Robin Turdus migratorius
  • Using the classification system• TAXONOMIC KEY: is a series of paired statements that describe the physical characteristics of different organisms.