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Development 1.2

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  • 1. 1.2 CORE‐PERIPHERY MODEL
  • 2. Background1. Model is by John Friedmann in the 1960s to explain the differences in regional development.2. The countries in the world can be divided into two main groups - the core and the periphery.3. The core refers to the richer and developed countries or regions The periphery refers to the poorer and less developed countries or regions.4. Used to explain why uneven development happens between countries & within a country.
  • 3. http://teacherweb.ftl.pinecrest.edu/snyderd/APHG/projects/Core‐Periphery%20Model/gnpmap.gif
  • 4. How a Core is formed Core country /  region Natural  resources,  natural harbour,  supply of cheap labourProgress and  Reputationdevelopment with•Better infrastructure•More skilled labour•Higher income More investments
  • 5. How a Periphery isformed Exploited by Core  through Periphery  ‐ Military, I.e.  country/ region Colonisation Natural (Raw  materials) &  ‐ Economic, I.e. Unfair  Human (Labour)  trading rules Resources  Slow economic  Dependent on Core for growth development
  • 6. Characteristics of Core & Periphery Countries Finished products & CORE PERIPHERY Investments • Jobs are available • Key industries:  • little jobs and investments Secondary & Tertiary  Key industries: Primary Industries • Limited infrastructure • Urbanised with good  •Weak & poor economy infrastructure •Concentration of wealth  Labour & Raw  materials
  • 7. Core periphery development can have  + Positive or ‐ Negative  effects on development ‐Negative + Positive (Backwash)  (Spread) 
  • 8. • Spread Effect: Benefits of development spread  from CORE to the PERIPHERY  inequalities between  CORE & PERIPHERY narrows. E.g. SingaporeBUT,• Backwash Effect: Negative impact  CORE  continue to grow at the expense of the PERIPHERY.• Backwash effect sometimes outweighs the benefits  produced by the Spread effect  PERIPHERY to suffer  the negative impact of the development of the CORE.

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