Makarajyothi 2011 page 1-50

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Part #1
Makarajyothi 2011, Theme based Souvenir published in connection with Makaravilakku festival of Thamaramkulangara Sree Dharmasastha Temple, Tripunithura, Kerala, India
Publisher: Thamaramkulangara Ayyappa Seva Samithy
www.thamara.net

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Makarajyothi 2011 page 1-50

  1. 1. COLOR
  2. 2. ùMr uaj vcû helg htqCÛùlãrMû becX heoX ùhmejõ ùMflogjfl ujX oìfCX kgÂxpãflVe pevgvõeOeã beacljcfljYgpX aMóaYesi vfOeã hËelx heCfoVaãv ùhlfYëMcav MXKòaùk oOevû aoabe YtóeOfãg©û ùlfoMhlfvglû helghtqCÛùlãrMû lecjXkgä~j ùMr OqîMem£e MjCX COLOR heaÍõM bXMlfnkX anekbrjõX cuehtpõX mqbª jìekjX bfYgX akjaä akäf bfùiuX heqbªlr uôoãevÌX EqèùleChjX aobX Mem£ejX ùhCcecõuX Mem£ejX ùhCcecõuX hájÔeKõaclox aãebfùh htpõX bfMV bÌõX vflõX Mgíû haæÿjû lmõ ùhmaÿe YibezbfóÛg MXaYeû ùhfãX mglX Mem£e bmlf cevamìfùh ùhmeovfjlXMem£ejX ùhCcecõuX YtlveL moevÌe mqbª Ytloãehje jìjìcue yeaue cècelXi icvX Meam£ lgYõX vace vcû kejgCõecôl htjflX ãmõ OvVéjfq cele mqbª bfIxv ujX aobX hfle jgaùoeYfó©cû Mem£ejX ùhCcecõuX lX Mem£ejX DuX baÌ cuessboõX oãevfOfXDmxclxkganMVjX aobX Dvõoe MjCX vem£fDmxclxßùlg bfveMvX lVacb MjCX ccDmxcofóØ ùhoelejX lmxceox kejgCõ YeabvMem£ejX ùhCcecõuX jì jì cueùhaYe!
  3. 3. “£b-Øn¬ n∂pw {XmWw sNøp-∂Xv” (m-i-Øn¬ Icn-°v, `kvaw, If`w F∂o -{I-a-Øn¬) qdvI-W-°nv `‡-P--n∂pw c£n-°p-∂-Xv) ‘t£{Xw’ F∂ A¿∞-amWv {io i¶-cm- ߃ ]s¶-SpØv Xß-fpsS A`n-tj-I-Øn-¬ `K-hXv _nw_wNm-cy¿ `K-hXv KoXbv°v cNn® `mjy-Øn¬ evIn-bn-´p-f-f-Xv. Bdm-Sp-∂Xv I≠v -sXm-gpXv kmbq-Py-a-S-bp-∂p.Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc {io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-t£{Xw Cu A¿∞sØ aI-c-amkw 1˛mw XobXn hen-b-hn-f°v hcpw-hn[w sImSn-]q¿Æ-am-°p-∂p. Cu t£{X-Ønse tZhs Adn™v Bcm-[n- I-bdn c≠mw-Xo-bXn Bdm-t´m-´p-IqSn kam-]n-°p∂ 6 Znh-ksØ°p-∂-h¿°v k¿Δ-sF-iz-cy-ßfpw {Ia-Øn¬ h∂p tNcp-∂p. aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLm-j-amWv Cu t£{X-Ønse {][m D’-hw. Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c t£{X- Ø nse apJy- { ]- X njv T CXp- I q- S msX Nnß- a m- k - Ø n¬ nd, ]pØ- c n, hnm- b - I -{io [¿Ω- i m- k v X m- h n- t ‚- X m- W v . Chn- S psØ tZhs N-Xp¿∞n, I∂n-am-k-Øn¬ ]qP-h-bv]v,hr›nIw, [p amk-ß-N{a-h-´-Ø-∏-mbpw `‡-P--߃ Bcm-[n-®p-h-cp-∂p. he-Xp- fn¬ aWvU-e-°m-ew, ao-am-k-Øn¬ `K-hms‚ Xncp-m-fmbI- c - Ø n¬ Aar- X - I - e - i - h p- a mbn IpSn- s Im- f - f p∂ ss]¶pn D{Xw, taS-am-k-Øn¬ hnjp-Zn-hkw hn-ti-jm¬ AjvS-{io[¿Ω-im-kvXmhv Xs‚ `‡-cpsS GX-`n-em-jhpw km[n-®p- {Z-hy- K-W-]Xn tlmaw, I¿°n-S-I-Øn¬ cmam-b-W-am-km-N-cWwsIm-Sp-°p-hm≥ Xøm-dmbn Ccn-°p-I-bm-Wv. I∂n-aq-e-bn¬ F∂n-hbpw t£{X-Øn¬ hn]p-e-ambn BtLm-jn-®p-h-cp-∂p.KW-]Xn `K-hmpw sXs° Xncp-ap-‰Øp≈ t£{X-Øn¬ aq∂c ]Xn-‰m≠v apºv cq]o-Ir-Xamb t£{X-]cn-kchm-kn- - - - -`{Z- I mfn tZhnbpw `‡- P - - ß ƒ°v Ap- { K- l - ß ƒ I-fpsS kwL-SbmWv Xma-cw-Ip-fßc Aø-∏tk-hm-kan-Xn. Cu - - - - -¬Ip- h m- mbn hmW- c p- f p- ∂ p. IqSmsX mK- c m- P m- h v , t£{X-Ønse ssZw-Zn--Im-cy-ß-fpw, D’-hm-tLm-j-ß-fpw,{_“-c£kv F∂o D]-tZ-h∑m-tcbpw ChnsS {]Xn-jTn-°s∏´n´p≠v. - - v - n¿Ωm-W-{]-h¿Ø--ßfpw S-Øn-h-cp-∂-Xv Aø-∏- tkhm hnf-°p-h-bv]v, Nμw Nm¿Ø¬, ocm-RvPw, Ff-fvXn-cn, k-an-Xn-bm-Wv. t£{X-Øns‚ D∂-aØn-m-hiy-amb ]e n¿Ωm-W - - -A∏w nth- Z yw, ]mbkw nthZyw XpS- ß n- b - h - b mWv -{]-h¿Ø--ßfpw CXn-Iw sNbvXp-Xo¿°p-hm≥ kan-Xnbv°v{io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-hn-p-ff apJy-h-gn-]m-Sp-Iƒ. hnti-j-Zn-h-k-ß- km[n-®n-´p-≠v. t£{X ]pcp≤mcW b⁄Øns‚ memwfn¬ `K-hmv ]mev, søv F∂o {Zhy-ßsf-s°m≠v {]tXyI A`n- - L´Ønte°v kanXn Ct∏mƒ G¿s∏-´n-cn-°p-Ibm-Wv. `K-hm≥ -tj-I-ßfpw S-Øn-h-cp-∂p. F√m-h¿jhpw aI-c-amkw 1˛mw {io [¿Ω-im-kvXm-hns‚ Ap-{Klw sIm≠pw `‡-PßfpsS - - -XobXn (a-I-c-hn-f°v Znh-kw) cmhnse `K-hmv S-Øn-h-cp∂ n¿tem-`amb kl-IcWw sIm≠pw Cu ]pWy-I¿Ω-߃ Ffp∏w - -AjvSm-`n-tj-I-ß-fn¬ (F-Æ, søv, ]m¬, tX≥, ]©m-ar-Xw, ]q¿Øn-Icn-°p-hm≥ km[n-°p-sa∂v {]Xym-in-°p-∂p. - -5-
  4. 4. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011  {io]q¿Æ-{X-bo-ipw tNm‰m-n-°c AΩbpw kZbw klmbw apcfo mcm-b-W≥ ºq-Xn-cn-∏mSv (X-{¥n) ]pen-b-∂q¿ a (]q¿Æ-{io) Fcq¿ ]n.H. Xr∏q-Wn-Øpd ˛ 682 306 Phone: 2782005, 9895488613 19-12-2010 Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c imkv X m t£{X- Ø nse aI- c - h n- f °vD’-h-tØm-S-p-_-‘n®v ]pd-Øn-d-°p∂ tkmh-o¿ XnI®pwhn⁄m--{]-Zhpw D’h t{]an-Iƒ°pw IqSmsX Bflobam¿§-Øn¬ k©-cn-°p∂ al-Zvhy-‡n-Iƒ°v Hcphgn- I m- ´ nbpw Bbn- c n- ° p- s a∂ Imcy- Ø n¬ kwi- b - a n- √ .Ch-cpsS Cu kZp-Zy-a-Ønv F√m-hn[ awK-fm-iw-k-Ifpwtcp- ∂ p. AtXm- s Sm∏w [¿Ω- i m- k v X m- h ns‚ ssNX- y-hn-ymkw temIw apgp-h≥ hym]n°s´ F∂v{]m¿∞n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. F∂v {_“{io. ]pen-b-∂q¿ apcfo mcm-b-W≥ ºq-Xn-cn-∏mSv -7-
  5. 5. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 THAMARAMKULANGARA AYYAPPA SEVA SAMITHY TASS Mandir, Thamaramkulangara, Thripunithura - 682 301, Ernakulam Dt. BapJw kzmantb icWaø∏........... Xma-cw-Ip-fßc {io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-hns‚ Xncp-ap‰w as‰mcp D’h el-cn-bn¬ Bdm-Sm≥ Xøm-sd-Sp-°p-I- - bm-Wv. ]Xn-hp-t]mse Cu h¿jhpw D’-thm-]-lm-c-ambn “aIc-tPymXn” `‡-P--߃°mbn ka¿∏n-°p I-bm-Wv. t]mb-h¿j-ß-fn¬ t£{Xm-Nm-c-ß-tfbpw Ap-jvTm--ß-tf-bpw, t£{X-I-e-I-tf-bpw, tIc-fob t£{X-ß-fnse Ahn-`m-Py-L-S-I-amb B-I-tfbpw a‰pw khn-kvXcw D’-h-°-º-°m¿°v ap∂n¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-h≥ Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc Aø∏tkhmkanXn{ian-®n-cp-∂p. Cu h¿j-am-Is´ Cu ]d™ LS-Ißsf√mw Xs∂ ka-RvPkambn ktΩ-fn-°p-tºmƒ kwPm-Xam-Ip∂ D’-helcn, - - - - - - - -hm°p-Ifn-eq-sSbpw Nn{X-ßfn-eq-sSbpw hmb-°m-cn-te°v k∂n-th-in-°p-hm-p≈ {ia-amWv R߃ aI-ctPym-Xn-bn-eqsS S-Øp- - - - -∂-X. v Hcp-abp-sS-bpw, kmwkvIm-cnI kl-h¿Øn-Xz-Øn-t‚bpw AS-bm-fßfmbn D’-h߃ cq]w sIm≠Xv tKm{X-h¿§-kw-kvIm- - - - -c-Ønpw ap≥t]bm-bn-cn-°Ww. {]Ir-Xn-bn¬ apd-sX-‰msX FØp∂ EXp-°ƒ t]mse am-hkw-kvIm-cØn¬ Ah Bh¿Øn-°s∏- - - - -´p. tZi-Im-et`-Z߃°-p-kr-Xambn tZi-Øn-t‚bpw tZi-hm-kn-Ifp-sSbpw kmwkvIm-cnI Xn-abpsS Ie¿∏n-√mØ {]Xn-^eß- - - - - - - - -fmbn, {]Im-ißfmbn D’-h߃, ]qc-߃. - - - - tIc-f-Ønse D’-h-ß-fpsS kmwkvIm-cnI sshhn-≤y-߃ apgp-hpw GXmpw ]pkvX-I-Øm-fp-I-fn-em-°pI Akm-≤y-am-sW∂p R߃ a- n-em-°p-∂p-≠v. F¶nepw AØ-csamcp {iaw R߃ XpSßn hbv°p-∂p. am{X-a√ GXmpw Nne D’h k{º- -Zm-b-߃ tcJ-bn-em-°pI F∂-Xn-ep-]-cn, EXp-t`-Z-߃t]mse Bh¿Øn-°-s∏-Sp∂ Cu BtLm-j-߃ Fßns Hcp kaq-l-Øns‚ Xs∂ i‡nt{kmX- mbn amdp∂p F∂-dn-bp-hm-p≈ Hcp {iaw IqSn-bm-Wn-Xv. BNm-c-ß-fpsS, Ap-jvTm--ß-fp-sS, t£{X-I-e-I-fpsS kwK-a-th-Zn-bm-Ip∂ D’-h-߃ t£{X-ssN-Xy h¿≤--hnpwXZzmcm tZi-hm-kn-I-fpsS ∑bv°pw Imc-W-ambn `hn-°p-∂p. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc t£{Xhpw AXn-tmSv Bfl-_‘w ]pe¿Øp∂`‡cpw CXv Ap-`hn-®dn-™hct{X. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ `K-hm≥ {io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-hns‚ Ap-{K-lhpw `‡-PßfpsS AI-a- - - - - - - - -gn™ klm-bklIcWßfpw sIm≠v Xma-cw-Ip-fßc Aø∏ tkhm-kan-Xn°v t£{X-ho-IcW {]h¿Ø-߃ S-Øp-hmpw - - - - - - - - - - -Du´p-]p-cn¿Ωm-WØn-mbn t£{X-tØmSv tN¿∂v ÿew hmßp-hm-pw, n¿Ωm-WØnv {]mcw-`{]-h¿Ø-߃ S-Øp-hmpw km[n- - - - - -®p. `mK-h-X-kvXm-lw, mc-b-Wob ]mcm-b-Ww, I¿°n-SIw apgp-hpw o≠ cmam-b-W-am-km-N-cWw, NmIym¿Iq-Øns‚ Ah-X-cWwF∂nh km≤y-am-bXpw kvacn-°p-∂p. t£{X ssNX-y-h¿≤--hnp nZm--amb AXy-]q¿Δhpw t{ijvT-hp-amb kma-th-Zm¿® S-Øp-hm≥ km[n®p F∂XpwNmcn-Xm¿Yy-PIam-Wv. thZ-a{¥-ap-Jcn-Xamb B aq∂p Znh-k߃ An-¿h-No-bamb Du¿÷-{]-kcWsØ {]Zmw sNbvXXmbn - - - - - - - - - - - -`‡¿ Adn-bn-®Xv, R߃°v Cnbpw AØcw sshZnI DZy-a߃°v {]tNm-Zam-Ip-∂p. - - - - CØ-cØn¬ ka-tbm-Nn-Xambn `‡-P߃ evIp∂ D]-tZ-ißfpw, n¿t±-ißfpw, X-a[ ka-Nn-Xamb klm-bßfpw - - - - - - - - - -sIm≠v `mhn-bnepw Xma-cw-Ip-fßcbpsS t{ib- nv th≠n {]h¿Øn-°m≥ Xma-cw-Ip-fßc Aø∏ tkhm-kan-Xn°v km[n-°p-am-dm- - - - - -Is´ F∂v k¿Δm-`o-jvShc{]-Zm-bImb Xma-cw-Ip-fßc {io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-hn-tmSv {]m¿∞n-®p-sIm≠v D’-helcn-bpsS A£-ccq- - - - - - - - - - -]-amb aI-ctPymXn `K-hms‚ Xr∏m-Zßfn¬ ka¿∏n-®p-sIm-≈s´. - - - - APnXv Ipam¿ h¿Ω {]kn-U‚v, Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc Aø∏ tkhm kanXn -8-
  6. 6. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 THAMARAMKULANGARA AYYAPPA SEVA SAMITHY TASS Mandir, Thamaramkulangara, Thripunithura - 682 301, Ernakulam Dt. aI-c-tPym-Xn-bn-eq-sS............ {io]q¿Æ-{X-bo-is‚ hr›n-tIm-’-h-tØmsS a[y-tI-c-f-Øn¬ D’--hm-ch-߃ Db¿∂p XpS-ßn. Cn D’-hm-Nm-c-ß-fp-tSbpw BtLmjßfp-tSbpw mfp-Iƒ. N{a-h-´Ø∏mbn `‡¿ Bcm-[n-°p∂ Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc {io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-hns‚ D’-hm-tLm-j-߃ 2011 Pp-hcn 11 v sImSn-I-b-dn Pp-hcn 16v Bdm-t´msS kam-]n-°p-∂p. Pp-hcn 15 (a-Icw 1)mWv {]i-kvX-amb ""aI-c-hn-f-°v. D’-h-tØmSv Ap-_-‘n®v Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc Aø-∏-tk-hm-k-anXn XpS¿®-bmbn 9˛mw sIm√hpw“aI-c-tPymXn” kvac-WnI ]pd-Øn-d-°p-IbmWv. kvac-Wn-I-bpsS hnj-b-ßsf-°p-dn®v Aø-∏-tk-hm-k-anXn {]h¿Ø-I¿ F∂pw {i≤m-ep-°-fm-bn-cp-∂p. Xnc-s™-Sp-°p∂ hnjbw t£{X-ßsf kw_-‘n-®p≈XmI-W-sa∂pw, teJ--߃ Dƒ°m-ºp≈XpamIWw F∂pw R߃ B{K-ln-°p∂p. C{]-Im-c-ap≈ Nn¥-bmWv Cu h¿jsØ hnj-b-am°n “tIc-f-Ønse t£t{Xm-’-h-ßfpw ]qc-ßfpw” Xnc-s™-Sp-°p-hm≥ Rßsf t{]cn-∏n-®-Xv. tIc-f-Øns‚ hSt°b‰-Øp≈ Xr®w-_cw {ioIr-jvW-kzman t£{Xw apX¬ sXt° A‰Øv{io ]fl-m-`-kzm-an-t£{Xw hsc-bp≈ t£{X-ß-fnse D’-h-ß-fn-eqsS bm{X sNøp-tºmƒ ap°vImWm≥ Ign-bp-∂Xv hyXy-kvX-ßfmb BNm-c-ßfpw D’-hm-tLm-j-co-Xn-I-fp-am-Wv. BNm-c-ßfpwBtLm-j-ßfpw Ime-{I-taW cq]-s∏-´p-h-cp-∂h-bm-Wv. AXv B {]tZ-isØ P-ß-fpsS kwkvIm-c-sØ {]Xn-^-en-∏n-°p-∂p. kmwkvIm-cnI tIc-f-Ønse D’-h-ß-fn-eqsSbp≈ Cu bm{X nß-tf-h¿°pw Bkzm-Zy-I-c-am-bn-cn-°p-sa∂v R߃°v Dd-∏p-≠v. {]uV-Kw-`o-c-amb teJ--߃ FgpXn Cu kvac-Wn-Isb tXP- p-‰-Xm-°nb F√m alZvhy‡n-Iƒ°pw, ]c-ky-߃ ¬In Rß-tfmSv kl-I-cn® ÿm]--߃, hy‡n-Iƒ XpS-ßn-b-h¿°pw,F√m `‡-P--߃°pw, Cu kvac-Wn-I-bp-tSbpw aI-c-hn-f°v D’-h-Øn-t‚bpw hnP-b-Øn-mbnA£oWw {]h¿Øn°p∂ F√m {]h¿Ø-I¿°pw F√m-hn[ Bbp-cm-tcm-Ky-ku-Jy-ßfpw D≠m-It´F∂v Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc {io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-hn-tmSpw {io]q¿W-{X-bo-i-tmSpw Bflm¿∞-ambn{]m¿∞n®psIm≈p-∂p.{io]q¿Æ-{X-bo-im-b-a:Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc {io[¿Ω-im-kvXm icWw25-˛12-˛2010 Fkv. {io[¿ I¨ho-¿, aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmjIΩn-‰n. -9-
  7. 7. - 11 - 251 Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f°v ˛ APnXv Ipam¿ h¿Ω 247 tNm‰m- n- ° c tZhnt£{X- Ø nse D’- h - ß ƒ ˛ tNm‰m-n-°c hnP-b≥ amcm¿ 241 DØ-c-a-e-_m-dnse hyXy-kvX-ß-fmb D’-h-°m-gvN-Iƒ ˛ Fw.-B¿.-F-kv. tatm≥ 229 t£t{Xm-’-h-ß-fnse BNm-c-ßfpw Ap-jvTm--ßfpw ˛ An-b≥ 215 Xr®w-_cw D’hw ˛ sI. sF. mcm-b-W≥ amÿ 209 Xncp-am‘mwIp∂v]qcw ˛ ]n. kn. Ac-hn-μ≥ 201 s∑md h√ßn the ˛ Atim-I≥, s∑md tZiw 193 {iocp[nc almImfn-°mhv (D-{Xm-fn-°m-hv) t£{Xw ˛ tKm]n-mYv, Ipa-c-s-√q¿ 173 Kpcp-hm-bq¿ D’hw ˛ Kpcp, Kpcp-hm-bq¿ 167 ]qcw apX¬ ]qcw hsc h¿jw Ipdn-bv°p∂ Xr»q¿ ˛ s{]m^: am[-h≥Ip´n 157 "s]cp-a-bp≈ s]cp-hw ]qcw ˛ s]cp-hw Ip´≥amcm¿ 145 Bdm-´p-]pg {io imkvXm t£{Xhpw tZh-kw-K-ahpw ˛ Fw. cmtP-{μ≥ 129 `c-tXm-’hw ˛ C.-sI. tIi-h≥ ºq-Xncn 115 Zbm-aq¿Øn-bmb Xr{]-bm-d-∏≥ ˛ ""Cuimhmky-anZw k¿Δw ˛ tImc-ºØv tKm]n-m-Y≥ 101 Xncp--°-c-tØ-h-cpsS Xncp-ap-‰Øv ˛ s{]m^. sX°pw-Iq¿ tkma-h¿Ω-cmPm 83 G‰p-am-q¿ {ioa-lm-tZ-h-t£{Xw ˛ kn.-F-kv. {io[-c≥ aqØXv 67 ssh°-Ø-jvSan ˛ cmP-ti-J¿. ]n. ssh°w 61 i_-cn-ae aI-c-hn-f°v atlm-’-h-Øn¬ ]¥-f-Ø-c-Ns‚ km∂n≤yw ˛ cmP-cm-P-h¿Ω 47 {io h-√` alm-t£{Xw ˛ ]n. DÆn-Ir-jvW≥ -m-b¿, Xncp-h√ 37 ae-bn≥Iogv tKm]m-e-Ir-jvW≥ B‰p-Im¬ s]m¶me -˛ (temIØnse G‰hpw henb hnXmkwKaw) 23 {io]-fl-m-`-kzm-an-t£{Xw ˛ Aiz-Xn- Xn-cp-mƒ Kucn-e-£van-`mbn Xºp-cm´n 13 D’-h-ß-fpsS D’hw hr›n-tIm-’hw ˛ Pb≥ am¶m-bn¬654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 D≈-S°w654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432 Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011
  8. 8. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 D’-h-ß-fpsS D’hw hr›n-tIm-’hw Pb≥ am¶m-bn¬hmaw ]mZw {]kmcy {inX Zpcn-X-lcw ¬In AXv `qan-bn¬ ]hn-{X-amb Hcp ÿeØv Z£nWw IpRvNbnXzm {]Xn-jvTn-°-W-sa∂v Bh-iy-s∏-´p-. IrjvWm¿÷p-Pmp-ym-[mb hmta-X-c-an-X-c-`pPw -∑m¿ hn{K-l-tØm-Sp-IqSn `qtemIØn¬ Xncn- tij-t`mtK n[mb s®Øn km[p {_m“-W-k-¥m--ßsf Xncn®p]ivNmXv ]mWn-Zz-tb {]Xn-`-S-i-at ¬Inb tijw b⁄-`q-an-bmb Cu ]pWy-ÿ- iwJv Nt{I Z[m: eØv hn{K-l{]-XnjvT S-Øn. A¿÷p-≥ ]q¿Æ- -tZthm `qjm-Zn-bp‡: {XnZ-i-]-Xn-pX: {X- b o- i s {]Xn- j v T n- ® Xv Ien- b pKw XpSßn ]mXp ]q¿Æ-{X-boi: 51-˛mw mfn-em-sW∂v hniz-kn®p hcp-∂p. bpKm-¥-c-߃°p-apºv c-m-cm-b-W-∑m- sshIp- W v T - m- Y ≥, tbmK- m- c m- b - W ≥,cmb A¿÷p--tbpw {ioIr-jvW-tbpw ImW- k¥mtKm]m-e-aq¿Øn F∂o hnhn[ [ym-ß-W- s a- ∂ p≈ tamlw tlXp- h mbn sshIp- W v T fn¬ Bcm-[n®p hcp∂ {io ]q¿Æ-{X-bo-i≥ aq∂p-m-Y≥ Hcp km[p-{_m-“-Ws‚ k¥m--ßsf thZ-ß-fp-tSbpw aq¿Øn-a¬`m-h-amb b⁄-]p-cp-sshIp- W v T - Ø n- t e°v hcp- Ø p- I - b p- ≠ m- b n. j-m-Wv. A-¥^W߃ hncp-Ønb O{X-Ønp - - -{_m“Wk¥m--ßsf c£n-°m-sa∂ hm°p Iogn¬ A-¥m-kØn¬ ]memgn a[y-Øn¬ Ccp - -]men- ° m≥ Ign- b msX ]m¿iz-ß-fnepw `qantZhn-tZl- X ym- K - Ø np Xøm- tbmSpw e£vao- t Z- h n-dmb A¿÷p- - t bpw tbmSpw IqSn Ccp-∂-cp-fp∂sIm≠v {ioIr- j vW≥ `K- h m≥ k¿Δm- ` ojvSsshIp-WvT-Øn¬ FØp- {]Zm- b - I pw Cl- Ø n¬Ibpw, A¥knwlm-k-- k¿Δ-hn[ kpJ-ß-tfbpwØn¬ `qantZhn- t bmSpw ]c- Ø n¬ kmbqPye£vantZhn-tbmSpw IqSn ]Z- h n- t bbpw ¬Ip∂{_m“W k¥m--ßsf km£m¬ sshIp- W vT-emfn- ® p- s Im- ≠ n- c n- ° p∂ m-Y-m-Wv.sshIp-WvT-m-Ys I≠v cmP- ` cWIm- e ØvA¤pX ]c- h - i - mbn hr›n-tIm-’hw apX-embXocp- I bpw sNbvXp. t£t{Xm-’-h-ßfpw{_m“W k¥m--ßsf t£{X`c- W hpw sIm®nXncn®p ¬Inb tijw alm-cm-Pm-hns‚ tcn-´p≈sshIp-WvT-m-Y≥ GXp ta¬tm-´-Ønepw nb-{¥-cq]-`m-h-t`-Z-ß-fn-emtWm W- Ø n- e pamWv S- Ø n- h -Ccp-∂n-cp-∂Xv, AtX cq]- ∂n-cp-∂-Xv. cmP-`-c-W-Øn-`m- h - ß - f n¬ D≈- X mb p- t ijw t£{X- ` - c WwXs‚ tXtPm- a - b - a mb sIm®n≥ tZhkzw t_m¿ARv P inem- h n{Klw Un¬ n£n- ] vX- a m- s b-Irjv W m¿÷p- - ∑ m¿°v ¶nepw, {io]q¿Æ- { X- b o- - 13 -
  9. 9. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011is‚ hr›n-tIm-’hw ap≥Im-e-ß-fnse AtX p-`q-Xn-Iƒ {]Zmw sNøp∂ Zn-cm-{X-ß-fm-Wv.{]uVn-tbmSpw Kmw`o-cy-tØmSpw IqSn Ct∏mgpw a‰p t£{X-ß-fn¬ n∂v hn`n-∂-ambn sImSn-tb-S∂p hcp-∂p. ‰np apºv cmhn- s e- X s∂ 15 B- ∏ p- d - Ø p≈ ]qc-ß-fpsS ]qcw GsX∂p tNmZn-®m¬ iothen Fg-s∂-≈n∏pw hnkvX-cn® ]©m-cn-ta-BZyw e`n-°p∂ adp-]Sn Xriq¿ ]qcw F∂m-Wv. fhpw Chn-SsØ am{Xw {]tXy-I-X-bm-Wv.F∂m¬ C°m-cy-Øn¬ Nne¿s°-¶nepw `n∂m- hr›n-tIm-’hØns‚ {][m BI¿jWw - -`n-{]mbw D≠m-hmw. Bdm-´p-]p-g-]q-cw, s]cp-hw 15 B-Isf AWn-n-c-Øn-s°m-≠p≈ ioth-]qcw, D{Xm-fn-°mhv ]qcw, apX-emb {]ikvX ]qc- enbpw cm{Xn hnf-°nv Fgp-s∂-≈n-∏p-am-Wv. ]Xn-ßfpw CtXm-sSm∏w Xs∂ D≠v. F∂m¬ D’- sm-∂cASn Db-c-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂ sNß-√p¿ cwK-h-ß-fpsS D’hw {io]q¿Æ-{X-bo-is‚ hr›n- m-Y≥ Ioc-ßm´v tIi-h≥, Bh-W-∏-d-ºv, IpS-em-tIm- ’ hw Xs∂ F∂ Imcy- Ø n¬ `n∂m- ` n- ‰p-]p-dw, ]mºp-ta-bv°m-Sv, it¶m-cXv XpSßn nc-{]mbw D≠m-Im≥ CS-bn-√. hfsc A[nIw sshhn- h[n KP-ho-c-∑m¿ hr›n-tIm-’-h-Øns‚ lc-am-[yhpw Kmw`o-cyhpw {]uVnbpw D≠v Xr∏q-Wn- bn-cp-∂p. C∂v Imew amdn. Fgp-Ø-—≥ {ion-hm-Øp-d-°m-cpsS kz¥-amb hr›n-tIm-’-h-Øn-v. k≥, Xncp-h-ºmSn N{μ-ti-J-c-≥, tjWmbv N{μ- a™n¬°p-fn®p n¬°p∂ hr›n-I-am-k- ti-J-c≥, sImßmSv Ip´n-»-¶-c≥, ]pØ≥IpfwØnse tNmXn £-{X-Øn¬ sImSn-I-bdn Xncp- A-¥-]-fl-m-`≥ XpSßn Bt{]an-I-fpsS lc-thmWw Bdm-t´m-Sp-IqSn kam-]n-°p∂ hr›n-tIm- ambn amdnb Ccp-]-Ø-t©mfw {]kn≤B-Iƒ’-hØns‚ F´p mfp-Iƒ bYm¿∞-Øn¬ Znhym- - C°- g n™ hr›n- t Im- ’ - h - Ø n¬ ]s¶- S p- °pIbp≠m-bn. B Fgp- ∂ - ≈ n- ∏ ns∂t]mse Xs∂ {]m[m-y-amWv hr›n-tIm-’-h-Ønse taf hmZy- ߃°p-ap≈-Xv. cmP-hm-gvN-°m-e-sØ-s∏-se-Xs∂ a[y-tI-c-f-Ønse {]apJ hmZy-hn-Z-Kv[¿ Ct∏mgpw hr›n-tIm-’-h-Øns‚ BI¿j-W-am-Wv. hr›n- tIm-’-h-Øn¬ Znh-tk cmhnse ioth-en°pw cm{Xn hnf-°npw S-°p∂ ]©m-cn-tafw ]c-a-{]- [m--am-Wv. aq∂caWn-°q¿ hsc ofp∂ ]©m- cn-ta-f-Øn¬ q‰n A≥]-tXmfw {]K¤ Iem-Im-c- ∑m¿ AWn nc-°p-∂p. ]q¿Æ-{X-bo-is‚ Xncp-ap- ºn¬ ]©mcn taf-Øn¬ ]s¶-SpØ ap≥Im-e-taf {]Xn-`-I-fm-bn-cp∂p s]cp-hw i¶pÆn amcm¿, Xmg-tØ-SØv tKmhn-μ-am-cm¿, sNºmen]pdØv tKmhn-μ-am-cm¿, Xrt∏-°pfw tKmhn-μ-am-cm¿, s]cp- hw mcm-b-W-am-cm¿, ]≠m-c-Øn¬ Cu®-c-am- cm¿, amt°mØv mWpamcm¿, Ipdp-∏Øv mcm- bW amcm¿, ]cn-bm-cØp Ip™≥am-cm¿, ]´-cm- cØv i¶-c-am-cm¿, s]cp-hw A∏p-am-cm¿, Ipa-c- ]pcw A∏p-am-cm¿, Imc-bv°m´v Cu®-c-am-cm¿, Ipdp- ∏Øv Cu®-c-am-cm¿, ]cn-bm-cØv Ip©p-am-cm¿, N°w-Ipfw A∏p-am-cm¿, Xrt∏-°pfw A®p-Xam-cm¿ - 15 -
  10. 10. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 b-s∏´phcp-∂p. CXn-p-tijw tafw hS- t°--S-bn-te°v oßn, AS¥ aq∂pw mepw Ime-߃ sIm´n Iem-in-°p-∂p. XpS¿∂v apdn AS¥ sIm´n hS°p Ingt° aqe-bn¬ sNºS tafw memw Imew XpSßn S-∏pc taf-tØm-Sp-IqSn kam-]n-°p-∂p. ]©m- c n- t afw t]mse- X s∂ {]m[m-y-tØm-Sp-IqSn S-∂p-h-cp∂ a‰p taf- ß fpw hr›n- t Im- ’ - h - Ø ns‚ {]tXy- I - X - b m- W v . BZysØ aq∂p Znhkw B∏¥-en¬ h®v Ac-tß- dp∂ Xmb-ºI tafm-kzm-Z-I¿°v AXy-XpS-ßn-b-h¿. {io. s]cp-hw Ip´≥am-cm-cpsS ]q¿Δ-amb Ap-`qXn {]Zmw sNøp-∂p. CXnptXr-Xz-Øn¬ BWv hfsc h¿j-ß-fmbn ]©m- ]pdta F√m Znh-khpw c≠p tcw S-°p∂ mZ-cn-tafw S-∂p-h-cp-∂-Xv. GI-tZiw H∂c aWn- kz-c-hpw, Xnan-e, ho°≥, Ce-Xm-fw, tNßne Ch-°q¿ ]Xn-Im-ehpw Ccp-]-Xp ann‰v hoXw hcp∂ sb√mw tN¿∂ ]cn-j-hm-Zyhpw, a±-f-]-‰pw, sImºp-c≠pw aq∂pw mepw Ime-ßfpw ap∏-Xv ann‰v ]-‰pw, Ipg¬]‰pw F√mw hr›n-tIm-’hØns‚A©mw Imehpw F∂ {Ia-Øn-emWv ]©m-cn- {]tXy-I-X-I-fm-Wv. IqSmsX Bdm-´nv Fgp-∂-≈n-tafw S-∂p-h-cp-∂-Xv. imkv{Xo-b-amb IW-°-p- ®-tijw S-°p∂ ]©-hm-Zyhpw, Bdm´v Ign™vk- c n®v sN≠- b psS CSwXe- b n¬ 15 t]cpw, Xncn®v Fgp-∂-≈n-°p-tºmƒ S-°p∂ ]m≠n-ta-Ah¿°p ]n∂n¬ aqt∂m mtem hcn-I-fn-embn fhpw tafm-kzm-Z-I¿°v Hcp hym-p-`hw {]Zmwmev]-Ø-t©mfw t]¿ hew Xe-bnepw Xmfw sNøp-∂p.]nSn-°p-∂p. ap∏-Xn¬]cw Ce-Øm-f-°mcpw 15-t]¿hoXw sImºp-Imcpw Ipg¬°mcpw Bbn-cn-°pw. Hcn°¬ Xr∏q-Wn-Øpd D’-h-Ønv hnez-F∂m¬ hr›n-tIm-’-h-Ønv CXnepw hfsc aw- K ew kzman- b m¿ Z¿i- - Ø np h∂Xv HcpA[nIw taf-Iem-Im-c∑m¿ ]s¶-SpØp hcp-∂p≠v. - - Xrt°´ Znh-k-am-bn-cp-∂p. Fgp-∂-≈n®p n¿Øn-C{]-Imcw hnkvX-cn-®p≈ 15 ]©m-cn-ta-f-߃ Htc ÿeØv XpS¿®-bmb Znh- k - ß - f n¬ S- ° p- ∂ Xvhfsc A]q¿Δ-am-Wv. hr›n-tIm-’-h-Ønv ]©mcn H∂mw Imehpwc≠mw Imehpw B- ] - ¥ - e npap∂n-emWv ]Xn-hv. aq∂mw ImewsXs° S-bnepw, memw ImewsX°p ]Sn- ™ mtd `mKØpwA©mw Imew ]Sn-™mdp `mKØvhS-t°m´p Xncn™p n∂pw sIm´nIem-in-°p-∂p. A©mw-Imew ""Xncp-ap-ºn¬ tafw F∂ t]cnepw Adn- - 17 -
  11. 11. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 bn-cp∂ B-I-fpsS kabw Du´p]pc-bn¬ A£-c-t«mIkZkv Ac- ]pdØv DÆn- I r- tß-dp-I-bm-bn. A£-c-t«m-I-Øn¬ ]WvUn-X- jvWs‚ cq]-Øn¬ ∑msc Dƒs∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-≠v hnhn[ kwL-߃ `K-hm≥ NmSn-I-fn®v ChnsS am‰p-c-bv°p-hm≥ FØn-t®-cm-dp-≠v. ckn-°p-∂-XmWv A£- c - t «mIkZ- k np tijw {]K¤ hnez-aw-Kew I≠-Xv. ]WvUn-X-∑m¿ S-Øp∂ ]pcmW IYm-{]-`m-j-W- A∂p apX- e mWv ߃°v XpS-°-am-Ip-∂p. S-∏p-c-bn¬ mZ-kzcw Xrt°´Z¿iw Ac-tß-dp-∂p. k‘ym-k-a-bØv BZysØ aq∂p AXoh ]pWy-ambn Znh-k-ß-fn¬ Ipd-Øn-bm-´w, tIm¬I-fn, ]mh- IW-°m°n hcp-∂- °qØv hnhn[ Iem-]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ XpS-ßp-I-bm-bn. Xv. B Fgp-s∂- AtX kabw Xs∂ IqØv, ]mT-Iw, apX-em-b- ≈n∏v `K- h ms‚ hbv°pw {]m[m-y-ap-≠v. sshIp-t∂cw 6 aWn-tbm- CjvS hgn-]m-Smbpw Sp-IqSn Du´p-]pc kwKoXkZ- p-Iƒ°v hgn-sbm- IW-°m-°n-h-cp-∂p. cp-ßp-I-bm-bn. 6 apX¬ 7 hsc XpS-°-°m-cmb Fgp-∂-≈n-∏np kwKoX {]Xn-`-I-fpsS Ac-tß-‰hpw hnhn[ It®- apºn¬ ImWn° cnIfpambn-cn-°pw. {io]q¿Æ-{X-boi k∂n-[n-bn¬ A¿∏n- ° p- ∂ - X np Ah-cpsS {]mK¤yw sXfn-bn-°m-p≈ Hcp Ah- {]m[myw D≠m-bn. kcw IqSn-bm-WnXv. AXn-p-tijw 7 apX¬ 9Xrt°´Znhkw apX¬ Fgp-∂-≈n-°p-∂ B°v hscbp≈ kabw apXn¿∂ Iem-Im-c-∑m¿°pwcXv-߃ ]Xn® kz¿Æ-t°m-e-hpw, kz¿Æ-X-te- Iem- I m- c n- I ƒ°pambn o°n h®n- c n- ° p- ∂ p.s°-´pw, kz¿Æ-°p-S-bpw, kz¿Æ∏nSn-bp≈ Nma-c- AtIw kwKo-X-⁄-cpw, hoW, hb-en≥, arZwKßfpw BWv D]-tbm-Kn-°m-dp-≈-Xv. ImWn°A¿∏n-°p-∂-Xn-mbn `K-hms‚ apºn¬ kz¿Æ-°p- S - ß fpw D≠m- b n- c n°pw. B hgn- ] mSpwXrt°´ ImWn- b v ° - b n- S epwsIm≠v sFlnIkuJy-hpw, ZmºXykpJhpw, k¬k¥mkn≤n-bpw, hnZymkº-∂-Xbpw, k¿Δ sFiz-cy-ßfpw,Bbp-cm-tcm-Kyhpw, AXy-¥n-I-amb kmbq-Py-]-Z-hnbpw kn≤n-°p-hm≥ ]cym-]vX-am-sW∂v hniz-kn®p hcp-∂p. B Fgp-∂-≈n-∏npw, taf-Ønpw hr›n-tIm-’-h-Øn¬ hfsc A[nIw {]m[myw Ds≠-¶nepw, Znh-khpw 24 aWn-°qdpw aXn-e-IØp S-°p∂ hnhn[ Iem]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ D’-hØnp am‰p- -Iq-´p-∂p. cmhn-esØ ioth-en°p tijw Hm´≥Xp≈- e ns‚ XpS- ° hpam- b n. Znh- t k ct≠maqt∂m IY-Iƒ C{]-Imcw Ac-tß-dp-∂p. ]d-b≥Xp≈¬, ioX-¶≥ Xp≈¬ XpSßn lmky-{]-[m--amb ]e IY-Ifpw ChnsS Ah-Xcn-∏n®p hcp∂p. -B∏¥-en¬ Hm´≥ Xp≈¬ S-°p∂ AtX - 19 -
  12. 12. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 sNß- ∂ q¿ cma≥ ]n≈ XpSßn nc-h[n {]K-¤¿ hr›n- t Im- ’ - h - Ø ns‚ Ifn-b-c-ßp-I-fn¬ nd-km- ∂n-[y-am-bn-cp-∂p. Iem-a- WvUew cma≥Ip´n mb¿, Iem- a - W v U ew tKm]n, kZw Irjv W ≥Ip- ´ n, s√n-tbmSv hmkp-tZ-h≥ ºq- X n- c n, tIm´- b v ° ¬ inh- c m- a ≥ XpS- ß nb {]K¤ Iem- I m- c - ∑ m¿ Ct∏mgpw {io]q¿Æ-{X-bo- is‚ Xncp- a p- ‰ Øv Xß- fpsS Ign- h p- I - f psS A¿L nan-j-߃ Hcp- °p-∂p-. IY-Ifn kwKo-Xw Iem-a-WvUew ºo-i≥, Iem- a - W v U ew DÆn- I r-Iem-Im-c-∑mcpw Cu Acßv kº-∂-am-°p-∂p. 9 jvW-°p-dp-∏v, Iem-a-WvUew i¶-c≥ ºq-Xn-cn,aWn-ap-X¬ I¿Wm-SI kwKo-X-Ønse hnJym-X- sh¨aWn lcn- Z mkv XpS- ß n- b - h - c n¬ n∂pwcmb kwKo-X-⁄-cpsS It®-cn-I-fm-Wv. sNssº amSºn kp{_-“-Wy≥ ºq-Xn-cn, ]me-mSv Znhm-sshZy- mY `mK- h - X ¿ XpSßn Ip∂- ° p- S n, I-c-≥, Iem-n-ebw DÆn-Ir-jvW-≥, tIm´-bv°¬siΩm≥Ip- S n, Fw.- P n.- c m- [ m- I r- j v W ≥, søm- a[p XpS- ß nb {]Xn`m kº- ∂ - c n¬ FØn‰n≥Ic hmkp-tZ-h≥ apX-emb I¿Wm-SI kwKoX n¬°p-I-bm-Wv.temIsØ apSn-Nq-Sm-a-∂≥am¿ kº-∂-am-°n-bn-cp∂ Cu thZn-I-fn¬ Ct∏mƒ Sn. F≥. IrjvW≥, hr›n- t Im- ’ - h - Ø nv t£{X NS- ß p-Sn. sI. tKmhn-μ-dm-hp, sI. Fkv. tKm]m-e-Ir- Iƒ°pw henb {]m[m- y- a p- ≠ v . apf- b n- S ¬,jvW≥ XpSßn ]e {]K-¤cpw Aeu-In-I-amb mtemfw D’-h-_-en-Iƒ, Xncp-h-RvPw Nm¿ØvkwKoX kZ- p-I-fn¬ Hcp-°p-∂p. XpS-ßn-bh Ah-bn¬ {][m--s∏-´-h-bm-Wv. hr›n-tIm-’hØns‚ thsdmcp {]tXy-IX - - hr›n-I-amkIpfn-cn¬ F´v Zn-cm-{X-߃IY-Ifnbc-ßp-Ifm-Wv. {]K-¤cmb Iem-aWvUew - - - kzbw ad∂v ebn®v tNcp∂ F√m `‡P-IrjvW≥mb¿, hmtg-¶S Ip©p-m-b¿, Iogv]Sw ߃°pw ChnSw Hcp `qtemIsshIp-WvTm-p-Ipam-c≥ mb¿, IpS-am-fq¿ Icp-Wm-I-c≥ mb¿, `q-Xn-Xs∂ {]Zmw sNøp-∂p. Pb≥ am¶m- b n¬: {io]q¿Æ- { X- b oi tkhm kwLw {]kn- U - ≠ v. Nm¿t´Uv A°u-≠‚ v Bbn {]mIvSokv sNø-p-∂p. - 21 -
  13. 13. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 {io]-fl-m-`-kzm-an-t£{Xw Aiz-Xn- Xn-cp-mƒ Kucn-e-£van-`mbn Xºp-cm´n cmP-Ip-Spw_w Ch-cpsS ]n≥Km-an-I-fm-sW∂p Icp-X-s∏-Sp-∂p. GXm- bmepw tIc-f-Ønse G‰hpw {]mNo--amb Hcp kt¶-Xam-bn-cp∂p - Cu t£{Xw F∂Xn¬ kwi-ban-√. - {]mNo--ß-fmb tcJ- Isf kw_- ‘ n- ® n- S - tØmfw Ncn{X cN-m- ]- T - - ] - c - a mbn C{X {]m[m-y-ap≈ as‰mcp tI{μhpw Ds≠∂p tXm∂p-∂n-√. ap∏Xp e£-Øn-tesd Npcp-W- Iƒ (Hm-e-®p-cp-fp-Iƒ) Cu t£{X- Ø n¬ kwc-£n-°-s∏-´n-´p-≠v. Z£n-tW-¥y-bnse G‰hpw ]g-°ap≈ Pm- - CXp- ] Øn At©mfw inem- i m- k - - ß ƒ Cu[n-hmktI{μ-am-bn-cp∂ Xncp-h--¥-]p-c-Øns‚ t£{X-Øn¬ D≠v.lrZ-b-`m-KØv ÿnXn-sN-øp∂ {io]-fl-m-`-kzm- kwL-Im-eØv AXm-bXv In.-h. H∂mwi-X-an-t£{Xw sFXn-ly-ßfpw Ncn-{Xhpw sI´p-]n-W- I-Øntem c≠mw iX-I-Øntem cNn-°-s∏´ ]Xn-™p-In-S-°p∂ Hcp alm-t£-{X-am-Wv. ‰p-∏Øv F∂ IrXn-bnepw, Nne-∏-Xn-Im-c-Øn-epw,t£{X-Øns‚ ]ga HºXmw q‰m-≠ns‚ BZy-Im-e-L-´-Øn¬ Pohn- ®n-cp∂ Ωm-gvhmcpsS Xncp-hm-bvsam-gn-bnepw, ]e- t£{X-Øns‚ ]g-°-sØ-∏‰n IrXy-amb ]p-cm-W-ß-fnepw Cu t£{X-sØ-∏-‰n-bp≈ ]cm-tcJ-I-sfm-∂p-an√ Hcp {]mNo--{KŸhcn-{]-Imcw a¿i-߃ CXns‚ ]ucm-Wn-I-Xz-Øn-p-Zm-l-c-W-Ien-h¿jw XpSßn 950 Znhkw Ign-™n-´mWv ß-fm-Wv.t£{Xw ÿm]n- ® - s X- ∂ p- I m- W p- ∂ p. CXv sFXn-ly-߃BC 2097-˛mw h¿j-Øn-p- Xp-ey-am-Wv. 13-˛14 q‰m-≠p-Ifn¬ cNn® ]e IrXn-Ifn¬ n∂pw A°m- - - 1. Znhm-I-c-ap-nbpw KpP-dmØv _‘hpweØv t£{Xw {]kn-≤am-sW∂v ImWp-∂p. IrkvXp- -hnp aq∂p q‰m-≠p-apºv cmPyw `cn-®n-cp∂ Bbv {io]-fl-m-`-t£-{X-sØ-∏‰n ]e sFXn-ly-cmP-°m-°∑m-cpsSXmbn-cp∂p Cu t£{Xw F∂v - ßfpw ne-n¬°p-∂p-≠v. ]gb KpP-dm-Øn¬Nne {]mNo tcJ-Ifn¬ ImWp-∂p. Ct∏m-gsØ - kn‘p--Zo-XSw {]_-e-amb Hcp kwkvIr-Xn-bpsS - 23 -
  14. 14. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011tI{μ-am-bn-cp-∂p. kn‘p kap--{ZØn¬ tNcp∂ Agn- °tfm Krltam Cs√∂p ]d-™-t∏mƒ Xs‚ap-JØv temYm¬ F-∂p-t]-cmb Hcp Xpd-ap-J-- IqsS Xma-kn®psIm≈m≥ apn Bh-iy-s∏-´p.Kcw hnIm-kw-{]m-]n-®n-cp-∂p. Ahn-S∂ph∂ Znhm- Xn°v CjvS-a-√m-ØXp sNbvXm¬ Xm≥hn-´p-t]m-I-c-ap-n-sb-∏-‰n-bm-Wv HsscXn-lyw. Cu Kcw Ip-sa-∂p-]-d™p Ip´n Xma-k-am-°n. Hcp Znhkwmtim-∑p-J-am-b-t∏mƒ P-߃ Ahn-S∂v Zzmc- Ipkr-Xn- aqØv apn ]qPn-®n-cp∂ kmf-{Km-a-sa-I-bn-te°pw Z£n-Wm-]-Y-Øn-te°pw kw{I-an-°p- SpØp hmbn-en-´-t∏mƒ apn Ip™ns imkn®p.I-bp-≠m-bn. IrjvW-`-K-hms‚ ]n≥Km-an-I-sf∂v Xs∂ ImWm≥ A-¥≥ Im´n¬ h∂m¬a-Xn-sb-Ah-Im-is∏-Sp-∂h¿ `-Khm≥ kz]vØn¬ n¿t±- - - - - ∂p-]-d™p Ip´n HmSn-t∏m-bn. Ip´n Bcm-sW∂pin-®Xp-kcn®p A-¥ibw e£y-am°n bm{X - - - - - a- n-em-°nb apn Ip´n-bpsS ]n∂mse Hcp Kpl-XpS¿∂p. Ncn-{X-]-WvUn-X-∑m¿ Cu bm{Xsb icn bn-eqsS HmSn IS¬Øo-c-Øn--Sp-Øp≈ Hcp h-sh°p-∂p-≠v. q‰m-≠p-Iƒ°v apºv Ah¿ sIm≠p- Øn≥ kao]w sN∂p-tN¿∂p. Hcp henb Cep-∏-h∂ {ioIrjv W hn{K- l - a mWv ]fl- m- ` - k zman a-c-Øn-te°v B inip A¥¿≤mw sNbvXp.t£{X-Ønse Xncp-h-ºmSn t£{X-Øn¬ h®m- X¬£Ww B Cep-∏-acw adn-™p-hoWv hnjvWp-cm-[n-°p-∂-Xv. Cu hn{K-l-tØm-sSm∏w h∂ Ejn- `-K-hms‚ ib--cq-]-ambn ]cn-W-an-®p. inckv Xncp-h-cy-mWv Znh-Im-c-apn F∂p Icp-Xp-∂p. KpP-dm- h-√Øp DS¬ Xncp-h--¥-]p-cØpw Xr∏m-Z-߃Øn¬ n∂pw h∂- h - c psS ]n≥X- e - a p- d - ° m¿ Xr∏m-Z]p-cØp (Xr-∏m-∏q¿)-ambn 18 tbmP o≠p- -IrjvW≥hI°m¿ F∂ t]cn¬ Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq- n∂ B Znhy-cq]w apn-bpsS Bh-iy-{]-Imcwdns‚ ]gb Xe-ÿm-amb ]fl-m-`]p-cØpw ]cn- - - Xs‚ tbmK-Z-WvUns‚ aq∂n-c´n hep-∏-ap≈ cq]wk-cØpw Ct∏mgpw [mcm-f-ambn ImWm-dp-≠v. kzoI-cn-®p.2. Znhm-I-c-ap-nbpw Xpfp-_-‘hpw 3. ]pe-b_‘w - Imk¿tImUv Pn√-bnse Ipº-f-°-SpØv ]Wn-sb-Sp-Øp-sIm-≠p-n¬°p∂ Hcp ]pe-X]kv sNbvXpsIm≠n-cp∂ Znhm-I-c-apn (CXv bkv{Xo Hcp Ip™ns‚ Ic-®n¬tI´v sN∂-t∏mƒas‰mcp Znhm-I-c-ap-n)-bpsS ASpØv tXP-kzn-bmb Akm-[m-cW kuμ-cy-ap≈ Hcm¨Ip-™nsHcp inip {]Xy-£s∏-´p. apn°v Ip´n-tbmSv Akm- - I≠p. B Ip™ns ssIøn¬ tImcn-sb-SpØp[m-cW hm’eywtXm-∂n. Xn°p amXm-]n-Xm- ape-∏m-eq-´n. im¥-mb inip-hns ]Xps° Hcp - 25 -
  15. 15. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011Cep-∏-a-c-Øns‚ Np-h-´n¬ InS-Øn. DS≥ A©p-X- °p-Ibpw A-¥s‚ ]pdØv ibn-°p∂ {io]-fl-e-bp≈ Hcp k¿∏w {]Xy-£-s∏´v inip-hns ac- m-`-cq-]sØ Z¿in-°p-I-bp-ap-≠m-bn. Xs‚ `‡n-s∏m- Ø n- p- ≈ n--t e°v sIm≠p- t ]mbn ^W- a p- {]-I-Sn-∏n-°m-mbn Hcp Nnc-´-bn¬ Ahn-S∂p ]dn-b¿Øn kwc-£n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. hnh-c-a-dn™p s®-SpØ amß nth-Zn-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. B Nnc-´-cmPmhp DS≥ Ahn-sS-sbØn t£{Xw n¿Ωn-®p. X- s ∂- b mWv Ct∏mƒ kz¿Æhpw cXv - ß fpw]n¬°m- e Øp {]kn- ≤ - a mb ]pØ- c n- ° ≠w s]mXn™p kwc-£n-®p-sIm≠p nthZyw ka¿∏n-kt¥m-j-ambn B kv{Xo°v ]Xn-®p-¬Ip-Ibpw °p-∂-Xv. {io]-fl-m-`-kzman t£{X-Ønp ]Sn-sNbvXp. ™mdp`mKsØ Sp-hn¬ aT-Ønse {ioIr-jvW- t£{Xw hnez-aw-KeØp-kzm-an-bm-cpsS kam-[n-bn¬ - -4. hnez-aw-K-e-Øns‚ IY {]Xn- j vTn- ° - s ∏- ´ - X m- s W∂pw Icp- X p∂p. ]fl-m-`-kzm-an-t£-{X-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´ Imk¿tIms´ Ipº-f-°-SpØ A-¥-]p-c-t£{XwG‰hpw {]Nm-c-ap≈ IY hnez-aw-K-e-Øns‚XmWv. ]≠p Xpfp-tZ-i-Øns‚ `mK-am-bn-cp-∂p. A-¥-]-Znhm-I-c-ap-n-bpsS IY-tbmSp kmay-ap-≈-Xm-Wn-Xv. fl-m` {]Xn-jvT-bp≈ Ipº-f-bnse A-¥-]pcwChnsSbpw ]qPm-th-f-I-fn¬ {]Xy-£-am-Ip-am-bn- t£{X-hp-ambp≈ Znhm-I-c-ap-n-bpsS _‘hpw,cp∂ ss]X-ens ]pdw-ssI-sIm≠p X≈n-am-‰n- C∂v Xpfp-{_m-“-Wm-cn-hn-SpsØ ]qP-sb-∂Xpwb-t∏mƒ Ip´n A{]-Xy-£-am-bn. A-¥≥Im-´n¬ Ncn-{X-]-c-ambn Cu c≠p t£{X-߃ XΩn-ep≈ImWm-sa∂p Ai-cocntI´p. A-¥≥ ImS-tz- _‘-Ønp-Zm-l-c-W-ß-fm-Wv. Cu sFXn-ly-jn®v I≠p-]n-Sn-°m-m-hmsX Xf¿∂ Hcp ac-®p- ߃°v sshcp-≤y-ß-tfm-sSm∏w Nne-k-am--X-I-h-´n¬ hn{i-an-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂ hnez-aw-Kew ""Ic- fp-ap-≠v.®n¬ n¿Øn-bn-s√-¶n¬ A-¥≥ Im´n-te-s°- A-¥-imbn hn{Klwdnbpwsa∂ Ai-cocn tI´p. Aßs A-¥≥Im´n¬ kzman-Iƒ FØn-b-t∏mƒ AhnsS n∂n- InS-°p∂ {io]-fl-m-`-kzm-an-bpsS AXn-Kw-cp∂ Cep-∏-acw tLmc-i-_vZ-tØmsS new-]-Xn- `o-c-amb cq]w Dƒs∏sS {iotIm-hn-en¬ ImWp∂ F√m hn{K- l - ß fpw ISp-i¿°-c-Iq-´p- sIm≠p n¿Ωn- ® - h - bmWv. `K- h m≥. e£van-tZho, `qan-tZhn F∂n- h - c psS A`n- tjI hn{K- l - ß fpw {io]-fl-m-`s‚ iothen _nw_hpw, inh-enw-Khpw Fgp-∂- ≈n-∏p-Iƒ°p-]-tbm-Kn- °p∂ c≠v Kcp- U - ∑mcpw am{X-amWv A]- hm-Z-߃. {io]-fl-m- `- k zman inc v sX°pw ]mZ- ß ƒ hS°pw hc- Ø - ° - hÆw sh®p-sIm≠pw t_m[-]q¿Δ-amb n{Z- bn¬ A- ¥ s‚ - 27 -
  16. 16. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011]pdØv nh¿∂p-In-S-°p-∂p. ap≥]v Cep-∏-Ø-Sn-bn- e-sØ-∂-t]mse C°m-eØpw c-knw-l-kzm-an-bp-ep- ≠ m- ° n- b n- c p∂ hn{K- l - Ø nse ssNXyw ambn _‘-s∏´ nc-h[n A¤p-X-I-Y-Iƒ `‡-P-]n∂oSv ISp-i¿°-ctbm-KØnse hn{K-lØn-te°v - - - -߃°n-S-bn¬ {]N-cn-®n-´p-≠v. hSs° me-º-Bhm-ln-°p-I-bm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv. e-Øn¬ Hcp thZ-hymk t£{Xw D≠v. [¿Ω-a- t∏m-fnse KWvU-Io-Zn-bpsS ASn-Ø- WvU-]-Ønse Icn-¶¬ XqWn¬ {iol-p-ams‚´n¬n∂v tiJ-cn®p B-∏p-dØph®p sIm≠p- Hcp hen-b-hn-{Klw sImØn-bn-´p-≠v. t£{X-a-h∂ ]¥o-cm-bncw kmf{Kma߃ sIm≠p-n-d-®- Xn¬°-I-Øp-Xs∂ {io]-fl-m-`-kzm-an-t£-{X-XmWv hn{K-l-Øns‚ A¥¿`mKw. kmf-{Km-a- tØmfw ]g-°-ap≈ Xncp-h-ºmSnt£{Xw ImWmwØn¬ hnjvWp-ssN-Xyw nd-™n-cn-°p-∂p-sh-∂- sX°p-]-Sn-™m-dp-`m-K-Ømbn heXp hi-ØmbnXmWv hnizm-kw. Cu hn{K-l-Ønv 22 ASn of- imkv X m- h ns‚ Hcp]- t Z- h m- e - b hpw D≠v . Chap-s≠-∂mWv Icp-X-s∏-´p-h-cp-∂-Xv. nc-h[n Huj- IqSmsX Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dns‚ Ncn-{X-hp-ambn _‘-[-߃ tN¿Øp≈ AXn-hn-in-jvS-am-b, k¶o¿Æ- s∏´p nc-h[n t£{X-ßfpw Cu t£{X-Øns‚amb Hcp {]{In-b-bn-eq-sS-bmWv ISp-i¿°-c-tbmKw ]cn-k-c-Ømbn D≠v.Xøm-dm-°p-∂Xv. AXy-]q¿Δ-amb Cu tbmKw tIc- - ]qPm-hn-[n-Iƒf-Øns‚ kw`m-h--bm-sW-¶nepw CØcw hn{K-l-߃ tIc-f-Øn¬Øs∂ Ipd-hm-Wv. t£{X-- Gsd k¶o¿Æ-ß-fmb ]qPm-hn-[n-I-fmWvho-I-c-W-tØm-sSm∏w am¿Øm-WvU-h¿Ω alm-cm- ]fl-m-`-kzman t£{X-Øn-te-Xv. {]Xy-£-Øn¬Pm-hmWv hn{Klw ]pXp°n {]Xn-jvTn-®-Xv. Xangv kzm[ow ImWm-sa-¶nepw tIc-fo-b-Xm-{¥n- I-hn-[n-{]-Im-c-ap≈ Icv°-i-amb hyh-ÿ-I-fmWv {iotIm-hn-ens‚ aq∂p hmXn-ep-Iƒ Xpd-s∂- Chn-SpsØ ]qPm-hn-[n-Iƒ°p-≈-Xv. kwK-ta-i-]pcn¶n¬ am{Xta hn{Klw apgp-h-mbn ImWm-sm°p (C-cn-ßm-e-°p-S) {Kma-Ønse ]e-ip-cm-a-m¬ Xnc-m`n-bn¬ n∂pw ]pd-s∏-Sp∂ Xma-c-bn¬ {_“m- s™-Sp-°s∏´ Xc-W√q¿ IpSpw-_°m-cmWv Chn- - - - -hn-s-°m-Wmw. he-Xp-hiw A-¥-X¬∏-Ønp SpsØ X{¥n-am¿. tIc-f-Ønse H´p an° t£{X-kao]w o´n-Xq-°n-bn-´n-cn-°p∂ Nn∑p-{Z-tbm-Sp-Iq- ß-fnepw X{¥-k-ap-®-b-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm--Øn-Snb heXp Ic-Øn-p-Xmsg Hcp inh-enw-K-ap-≠v. emWv ]qPm-Zn-Iƒ n¿Δ-ln-°p-∂-sX-¶nepw ]c-{io]-fl-m-`s‚ {iotIm-hn-en¬ {_“m-hn-jvWp- ip-cm-a]≤Xn-{]-Im-camWv Chn-SpsØ Xm{¥nI NS- - - - -ssih ssNXyw H∂n®-cp-fp-∂-Xn-m¬ `mc-X- ßp-Iƒ nb-{¥n-°s∏-Sp-∂Xv. Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ cmP- - -Øns‚ a‰p-`m-K-ß-fn¬ n∂pw hyXy-ÿ-ambn Ip-Spw-_-Ønse apJy-]p-tcm-ln-X-ÿm-hpw Xc-W-ChnsS F√m hnizm-k-ß-fp-sSbpw ka-z-b-tI-{μ- -√q-cnv Xs∂-bm-Wv.am-bn-cp∂p. {io]-fl-m-`s‚ kao-]Øv kI {io]-fl-m-`-kzman t£{X-Ønse {][m--kμ k¬ Ipam-cmZn al¿jn-am¿ Bcm-[n-®p- s∏´ Hcp ]Z-hn-bmWv ]pjv]m-RvPen kzman-bm¿n¬°p-∂p. amdn-S-Øn-s-Xn-sc-bmbn e£van-tZ-hn- Xr»q-cnse Sphn¬ aT-Øn¬n∂pw Iym-Ip-amcntbbpw Aev]w AIse `qan-tZ-hn-tbbpw {]Xn- Pn√-bnse ap©nd aT-Øn¬ n∂p-amWv ChscjvTn- ® n- c n- ° p- ∂ p. Ah- c psS kao- ] - Ø mbn sXc-s™-Sp-°p-∂-Xv. ipI-]p-cw, s]cp-hw, Cc-imWvUney Znhm-I-cmZn al¿jn-amsc ImWmw. ßm-e-°pS F∂o {Kma-ß-fnse A·n-tlm-Xn-I- {iotIm-hn-enp apºn¬ H‰°¬ aWvU-]- fmb ºq-Xn-cn-amsc am{Xsa AXm-Xpa-T-ß-fn¬Ønp ap≥h-iØp Hcp sNdnb apdn-bn¬ {iocm- Ah-tcm-[n-®n-cp-∂p-≈q. Bdp-amkw hoXw XpS¿®-a≥, koX e£vaW≥, lp-am≥ F∂n-hcpsS hn{K- - - bm-bn-´mWv Ch¿ Ah-tcm-[n-°-s∏-´n-cp-∂-Xv. {io]-l-߃ ÿnXn-sN-øp-∂p. sX°p-`m-K-Ømbn c- fl-m-`-kzm-an°v nXyhpw cmhnse Bdp apX¬knw-l-kzm-ansb {]Xn-jvTn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. {]mNo--Im- F´p-hsc {iotIm-hn-en¬ ]pjv]m-⁄en S-Øp- - 29 -
  17. 17. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011I-bmWv At±-l-Øns‚ Npa-X-e. Imhn- h - k v { X- [ m- c n- b mbkym- k n- b m- b n- c p- ∂ - X n- m¬Xs‚ ]Zhn ImWn- ° p∂ZWvUv - { io- t Im- h n- t e°psIm≠p-t]m-Im≥ At±-lsØAp-h-Zn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. {io-c-knw-l-kzm-an°p Xncp-h-ºmSnIrjvW-kzm-an°pw At±-lw-X-s∂-bmWv ]pjv]m-⁄en S-Øp-∂-Xv.ºn-am¿ {][m ]qPm- c n- a m- c mbmep ºn-amcpw tPmen-bn¬{]th-in-°p-tºmgpw hnc-an-°p-tºmgpw ]pjv]m-⁄en kzman-bm-cmWv Imcy-߃ n¿Δ-ln-°p-∂Xv. kzman-bm¿ t£{X-Øn- -se-Øn-bm¬ ap∂n¬ tImep-hn-f-°p-ambn Hcp ]cn- d-™p-h-cp-∂p. ]t£ t£{X-ß-fn¬ ]c-a-ambNm-cI≥ apºn-ep-≠m-Ipw. ºn-am-cn¬ s]cnb ºn- - ÿmw X{¥n-°p-Xs∂-bm-W.v X{¥n-am-cpsS NS-ßp- -bmWv Xe- h ≥. At±- l hpw ]©- K - h yØp Iƒ sNøm≥ ]pjv]m-⁄en kzman-bm¿°p Ah-ºnbpw apJy {iotIm-hn-en--IsØ F√m NS- Im-ian-√. X{¥n-am¿°p hne-°p-h∂m¬ D’-hm-Zn- - -ßp-Ifpw n¿Δ-ln-°p-∂p. sXt°-S-Øp-ºn {io- Iƒ o´n-h°p-Iam-{Xta nhr-Øn-bp-≈q. X{¥n-am- - -c-knw-l-kzman t£{X-Øn-tebpw Xncp-h--ºmSn cmbpw ]pjv]m-⁄en kzman-bm-cmbpw D∂-XIp-e- -ºn Ahn-StØbpw ]qP-Iƒ S-Øp-∂p. Cu c≠p - Pm-Xcmb ºq-Xn-cn-am¿ Ah-tcm-[n-°s∏-Sp-∂Xns‚ - - -ºn-am¿°p Imcyw n¿Δ-ln-°m≥ km[n-°msX ]n∂n¬ hnez- a w- K - e - h p- a m- b p≈ _‘hpwh∂m¬ {io]-fl-m-`s‚ ]qP-bv°m-bp≈ ºn- Imk¿tImSpIm-cmb Xpfp-t]m-‰n-am¿ ºn-am-cmbpwam¿°p Cu tPmen sNømw. F∂m¬ adn®p Ap- ]qP°v klm-bn-°p∂ t]m‰n-am-cmbpw nb-an-°s∏- -hm-Z-an√. ]qPm-hr-Øn-bn¬ n∂pw hnc-an-°p∂ Sp-∂Xns‚ ]n∂n¬ Znhm-Icap-n-bp-am-bp≈ _‘- - - -s]cn-bºn°v as‰mcp t£{X-Øn¬ ]qP-SØm≥ - - - hp-am-sW∂v Icp-Xs∏-Sp-∂p. -Ap-hm-Zan-√. 4 ºn-amsc IqSmsX Ccp-]Øn-mep - -t]m‰n-amcpw im¥n-°m-cm-bp-≠.v Ch¿ Imk¿tImUv D’hwPn√- b nse Nμ- K n- c n- ∏ p- g °p Ccp- h - i - Ø p- B≠p-tXmdpw Xpemw, aow (A-ev]-in- ss]-n∂pap≈hcm-bn-cn-°pw. tPmen-bn¬ {]th-in-°p- ¶p-n) F∂oam-k-ß-fn-emWv 10 Znh-kw-o-≠p-tºmgpw hnc-an-°p-tºmgpw Ch¿ ]pjv]m-⁄en n¬°p∂ D’-hw. F√m amk-ß-fnepw {]tXyIkzman-bmsc a-kv°cn-°Ww. aq∂p-h¿j-tØ°p - - BtLm-j-߃ t£{X-hp-ambn _‘-s∏-´n-´p-≠m-nb-an-°-s∏-Sp∂ ºn-am¿ Bdm-´n-pw, ]≈n-th- hpw. t£{X-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´v {io]-flm` kzman- -´°pw am{Xsa t£{Xw hn´p-t]m-Im≥ Ap-hm-Zap- - t£-{X-Øn¬ D]-tbm-Kn-®p-h∂ 14 kwKo-tXm-]-I-≈q. ]pd-Øn-dßp-tºmƒ Hme-°pS ]nSn--°Wsa∂v - - - c-W-ßsf-∏-‰nbpw t£{X-Øn¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-®p-h∂ --n¿∫-‘ap-≈Xn-m¬ Chsc IpS-im¥n F∂p-]- - - 55-˛-Hmfw Iem-cq-]-ß-sf-∏-‰nbpw ]gb tcJ-I-fn¬ - 31 -
  18. 18. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011ImWp∂p≠v. D’-h°m-eØv ]Øp-Zn-hkw D®°p - ßfpw GXm≠v CtX-Im-eØv Xs∂-bmWv Bte-cm{Xn-bnepw ioth-en-I-gn™p Be-]n-°m-p≈ Jw sNø-∏-´n-´p-≈-Xv. tIc-f-Øns‚ X-XmbcmK-ßfpw Nn´s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. IY-I-fn-°pw, Nph¿Nn{X ]mc- º - c y- Ø nse G‰hpw anI®imkv{Xob kwKo-X-Ønpw Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ cmP- amXrIIƒ ap-°n-hnsS ImWmw.Ip-Spw-_mw-K-߃ ¬Inb kw`m-h--Ifpw Gsd {io]-fl-m-`-kzman t£{X-Øn¬ in¬∏-I-hne-s∏-´-Xm-W-t√m. Im¿ØnI Xncp-mƒ alm- e-bpsS tIc-f{Zm-hnU k{º-Zm-bßfpsS ka-zbw - - -cm-Pm-hns‚ ImeØv ]fl-m-`-kzman t£t{Xm-’- ImWm≥ Ign-bpw. 1686-˛¬ D≠mb h≥Xo-]n-Sp-h-Øn-p-th≠nbmWv IY-I-fn-bnse sX°≥Nn´ ØsØ XpS¿∂mWv XSn-°p-]-Icw Icn-¶√v D]-F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp∂ k{º-Zmbw Iπn-ßm´v ºq-Xn- tbm-Kn-®p≈ t£{X-n¿ΩmWw ]fl-m-`-kzm-an-cn-bp-ambn kl-I-cn®p Nn´-s∏-Sp-Øn-bXpw {]K-¤- t£-{X-Øn¬ Bcw-`n-®-Xv. 1566˛¬ BZn-Xy-h¿ΩI-em-Im-c-∑msc Dƒs∏-SpØnsIm≠p sIm´mcw cmPm-hns‚ ImeØv 40 ASn XmgvN-bn¬ atm-l-Ifn-tbmKw ÿm]n-®Xpw h-cm{Xn kwKo-tXm-’- c-amb Ingt° tKm]p-c-Øns‚ Aÿn-hmcw Cs´-h-Ønpw ]mtS≠ IrXn-Iƒ Nn´-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cp- ¶nepw Gsd-°mewsIm≠mWv CXp]q¿Øn-bm-b-∂p. ao-am-k-Ønse D’-h-°m-eØp ]©-]m- Xv. 1729 apX¬ 1758 hsc mSp-hm-Wn-cp∂ B[p-WvU-h-∑m-cpsS `oamIm-c-amb {]Xn-a-Iƒ Ae-¶- nI Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dns‚ in¬∏n-bmb Angw Xncp-cn®p n¿Øn-bn-cn°pw ]fl-m-`-kzm-an-t£{Xw mƒ hoc-_me am¿Øm-WvU-h¿Ω-bpsS Ime-apX¬ iwJp-ap-Jw-hsc h¿Æ-i-_-f-amb Bdm´v ØmWv G‰hpa[nIw hnI-k {]h¿Ø--߃tLmj-bm{X ImWm≥ ]Xn-m-bn-c-߃ ImØn- S-Øn-bn-cp-∂Xv XSn-°p-]-Icw Icn-¶√v D]-tbm-cn-°pw. alm-cm-Pmhv ap≠p-am{Xw [cn®v Ducn-∏n- Kn®v ]p¿n¿ΩmWw S-Øn-b-Xm-Wv At±-l-Sn® DS-hm-tfmSpw cmP-Iob Nn”-ßtfmSpw tLmj- - Øns‚ G‰-hpw-h-enb ]cn-jv°m-cw. 1733-˛¬ {io]-bm{X bn-°p-∂p. D’h ioth-en-Iƒ°p B- fl-m-`s‚ C∂p-Im-Wp∂ ISp-i¿°-c-tbm-K-Øn-°p-]-Icw hml--ß-fmWv ]Xn-hv. Angw Xncp- ep≈ hn{Klw {]Xn-jvTn-®Xp At±-lØns‚ Ime--m-fns‚ ImeØv Hcm nb-{¥-Wm-[n--a-√m-Xm- Øm- W v . AXn- h n- N n- X - a mb H‰°¬ aWv U ]wb- X n- s - Ø p- S ¿∂mWv B- I sf n¿Øn- b Xv ÿm]n- ® Xpw C°m- e - Ø mWv. AS- ° m- a cwknwlm-k hmlw, A-¥-hm-l-w, Ia-e-hm-l-w, ]√-°p-hm-lw, Kcp-Uhm-lw, C{μhm-lw - - - sIm≠p≈ sImSn-acw am‰n kz¿Æ-s°m-Sn-acwF∂n-hbmWv Fgp-∂≈n-∏n-p-]tbm-Kn-°p∂ hml- - - - ÿm]n-®Xpw At±-lw-X-s∂. 1750 Pp-h-cn-bn¬-߃. Bdm-´nv B-Iƒ ]Xn-hp-≠v. S∂ Xr∏-Sn-Zm-hpw Ct±-l-Øns‚ Ime-Øm-bn- cp-∂p. t£{X-Øns‚ sX°pw hS°pw ]Sn-™mdpwNn{X-Ie in¬∏w sNdnb tKm]p-c-ß-ƒ ]q¿Øo-I-cn-®-tijw A- nc- h [n atm- l - c - ß - f mb Nph¿Nn- { X- ¥-]p-cn-bpsS A`n-am-amb Ings° tKm]p-cØns‚ - -߃sIm≠v kº-∂-amWv Cu t£{Xw. `mK-h-X- 5 ne-Iƒ ]q¿Øn-bm-°m≥ At±-l-Ønp Ign-Ønsebpw cmam-b-W-Øn-sebpw nc-h[n IYm- ™p. At±-lØns‚ ]n≥Km-an-bmb {ioIm¿ØnI -k- μ ¿`- ß ƒ CXn¬ Dƒs∏- S p- ∂ p. I√p- I - Xncp- m- f ns‚ Ime- Ø mWv a‰p c≠p- n- e - I - ƒfn¬n∂pw kky-®m-dp-I-fn¬ n∂pw e`n-°p∂ ]q¿Øn-bm-°n-bXv. h≈-Øns‚ BIr-Xn-tbm-Sp-{]Ir-Xn-Z-Ø-amb Nmb-߃ D]-tbm-Kn-®mWv Ch IqSn tKm]p-c-Øn-p-ap-I-fn¬ Ggp-kz¿Æ Xmgn-I-hc-®n-´p-≈-Xv. ]Xn-s´mw q‰m-≠n¬ mSp-hm-Wn- °p-S-߃ ÿm]n-®Xpw Im¿ØnI Xncp-m-fm-Wv.cp∂ Angw Xncp-mƒ am¿Øm-WvU-h¿Ω alm- (h-©n-mSv F∂ Bi-b-sØ-bmWv CXp hy‡-cm-Pm-hns‚ Ime-ØmWv an°-Nn-{X-ßfpw hc-®-Xv. am-°p-∂-Xv) k]vX-kv]-c-ßsf ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn-°m≥søm-‰n-¶c {ioIr-jvW-kzman t£{X-Øn-sebpw Ign-bp∂ Ggp-Xq-Wp-I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb AXn-hn-in-jvS-{io]-fl-m-`-]pcw sIm´m-c-Øn-sebpw `nØn-Nn-{X- amb Ipe-ti-Jc aWvU]w Ct±-l-amWv ]Wn-bn- - 33 -
  19. 19. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011®-Xv. Cu c≠p cmPm-°-∑m-cp-sSbpw Imew {io]- Sn-Zm-w. F.-Un. 1750-˛¬ Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ `cn-®n-cp∂fl-m-`-kzm-an-t£-{X-Øns‚ kph¿Æ Ime-L-´-am- Angw Xncp-mƒ am¿Øm-WvUh¿Ω alm-cm-Pmhv -bn-cp∂ Im¿ØnI Xncp-m-fns‚ Ime-Øv Sn∏p- Iym-Ip-amcn apX¬ ]d-hq¿hsc hym]n-®n-cp∂kp¬Øm≥ Cu t£{X-Øn-s‚bpw Xncp-hn-Xmw- Xs‚ cmPy-Øns‚ ]c-am-[n-Imcw {io]-fl-m-Iq-dn-s‚bpw kºXv kar-≤n-I≠p c≠p-X-hW `pka¿∏n® kw`-h-amWv Xr∏-Sn-Zm-w. {io]-fl-Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dns‚ tsc B{I-a-W-{iaw S-Øn. m` Zmk-m-bmWv alm-cm-Pmhv cmPyw `cn-®n-cp-Xs‚ IpXn-csb {io]-fl-m-`-kzm-an-t£-{X-ØnsesImSn-a-c-Øn¬sI-´p-sa∂v At±lw {]Jym-]n- ∂-Xv. bYm¿∞ A[n-Imcn ]fl-m-`-kzm-an-X-s∂.°pIbpw sNbvXncp-∂p. ]t£ Cu B{Klw k^- Cu ÿmw {_n´ojv k¿°mcpw Ap-h-Zn®pe-am-Ip-∂-Xn-p-apºv Sn∏p-hns‚ ]Xw D≠m-bn. sImSp-Øn-cp-∂p.Sn∏p-hns‚ sImSn hmƒ ]cnN F∂nh Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ tk-cm-P-k-a-£-Øn¬ FØn-®p. cmPm- t£{X-{]-th-i hnfw-_cwhns‚ Hcp kv t ln- X pw klm- b n- b pw- B b 1936-˛se Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dnse t£{X-{]-th-I¿Æm-SnI hm-_ns‚ Bh-iy-{]-Imcw hmfpw i hnfw-_-cw tIc-fNcn-{X-Øn¬ kz¿Æ-en-]n-]cn-Nbpw XncnsI sImSp-sØ-¶nepw Sn∏p-hns‚ I-fm¬ tcJ-s∏-Sp-tØ≠ Hcp alm-kw-`-h-am-bn-cp-]X--Øns‚ {]Xo-I-ambn At±-l-Øns‚ ISpw- ∂p. PØmtem, aX-Ømtem lnμp-hmb GsXm-]-®-s°mSn Bdm-´vtLm-j-bm-{X-bpsS ap∂n¬{]Z¿in-∏n-®p. AXns‚ {]Xn-cq-]-amb ]®-∏-XmI cmƒ°pw Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dnse t£{X-ß-fn¬ {]th-C∂pw Bdm´v tLmj-bm-{Xsb Ap-K-an-®p-h-cp- in-°p-∂-Xntm Bcm-[n-°p-∂-Xntm bmsXm-cp-∂p. hn[ ntcm-[--ßfpw Cs√∂ {]Jym-]-w-sIm≠papd-P]w e£-Zo]w NnØnc Xncp-m-fns‚ {]h¿ Ønsb B[p-nI `mc- X - Ø nse A¤pXw F∂pw- h n- t i- j n- ∏ n® {io]-fl-m-`-kzman t£{X-Ønse BNm-c-{]-[m--amb Hcp NS-ßmWv apd-P]w aq∂p-th-Z- almfl Km‘n NnØnc Xncp-m-fns B[p-nIßfpw nXyhpw sNm√p∂ mZ-{_“m]mk-- Atim-I≥ F∂p hnti-jn-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp.bmWv apd-P-]w. Bgvhmt©cn X{ºm-°ƒ, Xncp- Ccp-]-Øn-memw hb- n-emWv ]ptcm-K-a--]-c-ambm-hmb hm[ym-∑m¿ Xc-W--√q¿ X{¥n-am¿ F∂n- Cu Xocp-amw At±lw FSp-Ø-Xv F∂m-Wvh-cpsS ta¬tm-´-Øn-emWv apd-P]w S-Øn-bn-cp- as‰mcp khn-ti-j-X.∂-Xv. 56 Znh-k-߃ o≠p-n¬°p∂ Hcp NS-ßm-bn-cp∂p CXv. e£-Zo]w apd-P-]-Øns‚ Ah- cmPyhpw A[n-Im-chpw jvS-s∏-s´-¶nepwkm Znhkw S-°p∂ e£w-Zo-]ßfpsS atlm- - - C∂pw {io]-fl-m-`-kzm-an-t£{Xw cmP-Ipw-_-’-ham-Wn-Xv. Ime-Øns‚ am‰-߃ Cu BtLm- - Øns‚Xp Xs∂-bm-W.v cmP-`cWIm-eØv S-∂n-cp∂ - - -j-ßsfbpw _m[n-®n-´p-≠v. - ]e sNe-hp-Ifpw sh´n-°p-dt°-≠n-h∂p-sh-¶nepw - -Xr∏-Sn-Zmw C∂pw ]fl-m-`kzman t£{X-Øns‚ al-Xz-Ønv - t£{X-Øns‚bpw Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dn-s‚bpw Hcp t]mdepw G¬°m-Øhn[w `cWw S-Øn-s°m- -Ncn-{X-Ønse Hcp kp{]-[m kw`-h-amWv Xr∏- ≠p-t]m-Im≥ cmP-IpSpw-_Ønp Ign-bp-∂p-≠.v - AizXn Xncp- mƒ Kucn e£van- ` mbv Xºp- c m´n : aI- c - t PymXn kvac-Wn-Ibv°pth≠n kZbw Ab-®p- X∂ ""{io]-flm-`kzman t£{Xw F∂ - - _rl- Ø mb {KŸsØ Bkv]- Z - a m°n ]{Xm- [ n]kan- X n- ° p - t h≠n {io. Fw.-B¿.-F-kv. tatm≥ Xøm-dm-°n-b-Xv. - 35 -
  20. 20. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 B‰p-Im¬ s]m¶me (temIØnse G‰hpw henb hnXmkwKaw) ae-bn≥Iogv tKm]m-eIr-jvW≥ - temIØn¬G‰hpw IqSp- X ¬hn-X-Iƒ ]s¶-Sp-°p∂ NS- ß mbnB‰p-Im¬ s]m¶meD’hw Kn∂kv_p°n¬ CSw-t-Sn-°- g n- ™ p. Ccp-]Øn A©ve£wa¶-am-cmWv Hscm‰Znh-ksØ s]m¶m-ebv°v FØp- ∂ -Xmbn Kn∂kvthƒUv dn°m¿UvAh-kmw tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xv. F∂m¬AXns‚ FÆwHmtcm h¿jhpwIqSn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm- W v. Hcn°¬Xncp-h--¥-]pcw K-c-Øn¬ am{Xw HXpßn n∂n- [mw t£{Xw {SÃv Hcp°n-bn-´p-≠v. [mcmfwcp∂ NS- ß m- b n- c p∂p B‰p- I m¬ s]m¶m- e . hntZihn-X-Ifpw Ct∏mƒ t£{Xw ImWphmpwF∂m¬ a‰p Pn√-Ifn-te°pw AhnsS n∂pw tIc- AXns‚ apºn- e p≈ hnf- ° p- I m- e n¬ mcßmf-am-sIbpw ]n∂oSv sXs° C¥y-bnse {][m hnf°v IØn-°phmpw FØp-∂p-≠v. hntZihn-kwÿm-ßfnepw hf-sc-s∏-s´-∂mWv AXv hym]n- - - Xsf kw_-‘n®v C{Xbpw henb hnXmkwKaw®-Xv. C∂v temIØv FhnsS ae-bm-fn-I-fpt≠m IuXpI ImgvN-bm-Wv. Ah-cn¬ Nne¿ ap≥ssIAhn-SsØ ae-bmfna¶-am-cpsS a- n¬ B‰p-Im¬ FSp-ØmWv B‰p-Im¬ s]m¶me temIdn°m¿Un¬s]m¶me ÿmw-]n-Sn-®n-´p-≠v. Ft∏m-sg-¶nepw FØn-®-Xv. CSbv°v `q´m≥cm⁄n Ajn-tZm¿Pnm´n¬ hcp-tºmƒ B‰p-Im¬ tZhnsb kμ¿in- hmIvtam thMvNp-°v, aItfmsSm∂n®v B‰p-Im¬°pI Ah-cpsS kz]vw Bbn-´p-≠v. temI-Øns‚ kμ¿in-®Xv henb hm¿Øm {]m[myw D≠m-mm-`m-K-Øp-n∂pw t]mÃv hgnbpw C‚¿s‰v °n. s]m¶m- e - b n¬ ]s¶- S p- ° m≥ [mcmfwhgnbpw Chn-tSbv°v HgpIp∂ nth-Zy-Øn-p≈ hntZihn-X-Ifpw Ct∏mƒ FØp-∂p-≠v. CXpXpI- I ƒ Cu `‡n- b psS sXfn- h m- W v . Fhn- IqSmsX hntZi hnXm]{X-te-J-I-cpw, sSen-hn-tSbv°pw {]kmZw Ab-®p-sIm-Sp-°p-hm-p≈ kwhn- j≥ dnt∏m¿´-amcpw FØp-∂p-≠v. - 37 -
  21. 21. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 "k{Xo-I-fpsSi_- c n- a e F∂vAdn-b-s∏-Sp∂ B‰p-Im¬ t£{X-Ønses]m¶m-ebv°v{]tXy-IXIƒ Gsd- - -bm-Wv. CXv e£-°-W-°nv a¶-am-cpsS`‡n-bpsS kwK-a-am-Wv. AXn¬ sF.-F.-F v., sF.-]n.-F-kv.-Im¿ apX¬ ]mdsXmgn-em-fn-IƒhscD≠v. ]mhm-S-°mcnapX¬ ]Sp-hr-≤hsc -tZho-{]o-Xnbv°vs]m¶me A¿∏n-°phm≥ FØp-∂p.F∂m¬ s]m¶meZnhkw Ah¿ F√m-hcpw ]Z-hnbpw ]{Xmkpw {]mbhpw F√mw ad∂v cn-b-√. F∂m¬ AsX√mw njv{]-`-am-°p-∂-XmWvH∂mIp-∂p. shbn-epw, Xobpw, ]pIbpw F√mw B‰p-Im¬ s]m¶me D’-hw. t£{X-Ønv Np‰p-ad∂v B‰p-Im¬ tZhnbv°v apºn¬ Ap-k-c-W- ap≈ ]Øp]Xn-©v Intem-ao-‰¿ Np‰-f-hn¬ ASp-bp≈ Ip´n- I - s f- t ∏mse H‰a- - t  msS ∏p- I ƒsIm≠v nd- b pw. s]m¶m- e bv ° v Bgv N -Ah¿ s]m¶me ssthZyw D≠m-°p-∂Xv hntZ- Iƒ°p apºp -Xs∂ temdn-I-fn¬ e£-°-W-°nvin-a¶-am¿°v A¤pX ImgvN-bm-Wv. hniz-kp-μ-cn- a¨I-e-ßfpw N´n-Ifpw NpSp-I-√p-Ifpw sX°≥]´w In´n-bhcpw, knn-am-Xm-cßfpw, hnX tXm- - - tIc-f-Øn¬ n∂pw Xan-gvm-´n¬ n∂pw Xncp-h-°- f pw, hIp∏v A≤y- £ - I fpw F√mw kz¥w -¥-]p-c-tØbv°v HgpIm≥ XpS-ßpw. Ch-bpsSssIsIm- ≠ mWv s]m¶me Xøm- d m- ° p- ∂ - X v . henb Iq-Iƒ Ingt°tIm´ apX¬ B‰p-Im¬`‡nbpsS n¿hr- X n- b n¬ apßn- n¬°p∂ hsc-bp≈ tdmUns‚ Ccp-`m-KØpw ÿmw ]nSn-Ah¿°v Xobpw ]pIbpw shbnepw H∂pw {]iv- bv°pw. Iehpw N´nbpw am{X-a√ s]m¶m-e-bv°m-am-In-√. Hcp h¿jw B‰p-tm-‰n-cp-∂mWv Ah¿ h-iy-amb kma-{Kn-IfpsS hnev] im-eIƒ Fßpw - - -s]m¶m- e bv ° v FØp- ∂ - X v . s]m¶m- e - b n¬ ImWmw. s]m¶m-e-tbmSv Ap-_-‘n®v Nme-bnepw]pWymlw hogp-∂-tXmsS am{Xta Ah-cpsS a- tIm´-bv°-I-Øp-ap≈ I®-hS tI{μ-ß-fnepw h≥ nse `‡n-bpsS ]mc-hiyw ]q¿W-am-Ip-∂p≈q. Xnc-°m-bn-cn-°pw. Ipw`-am-k-Ønse Im¿ØnICn ASpØ h¿jw ImWmw F∂v ]d-™mWv £-{X-Øn-emWv B‰p-Im¬ D’-h-Øns‚ XpS-F√m-hcpw bm{X-bm-Ip-∂-Xv. °w. Im∏v s I´n IpSn- b n- c p- Ø emWv A∂sØ {][m NS-ßv. ]©-tem-l-Øn¬ Xo¿Ø c≠pbmK-im-e-bmbn amdp∂ A-¥-]pcn Im∏p-Iƒ ssIX-m-cn¬ tIm¿Øv H∂v tZhn-bpsS cmP-`-c-W-Øns‚ ]cn-em-f--tb‰v hf¿∂ DS-hm-fnepw as‰m∂v ta¬im-¥n-bpsS ssIønepwA-¥-]p-cnbv°v D’-h-ßfpw NS-ßp-Ifpw ]pØ- X{¥n- sI-´p-∂p. H≥]Xmw Znh-k-amWv {]kn-≤- - 39 -
  22. 22. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 Øn¬ S- ° p∂ IpcpXn X¿∏- W - tØmsS s]m¶me D’-h-Ønv kam- ]--am-Ipw. D’-h-Øns‚ H≥]Xmw Znh-k- amb s]m¶m-ebv°v F{Xtbm apºp- Xs∂ t£{X- ] - c n- k cw ASp- ∏ p- IƒsIm≠v nd-bpw. D’hw XpS-ßp- tºmƒØs∂ {hX-sa-SpØv [mcmfw `‡-P--߃ s]m¶me kma-{Kn-I-fp- ambn t£{X-ØnseØmdp-≠v. Ah¿ s]m¶me Ignt™ aS-ßp-I-bp-≈q. t£{X-Ønse {]kmZw Ign®v Ah¿ Ahn-sS-Øs∂ Ign-®p-Iq-´p-∂p. CØ- c-°m¿ am{X-a-√, kn‰n-bnse ]e- `m- KØpw Xma-kn-°p-∂-hcpw s]m¶m- ebv ° p apºp- X s∂ t£{X- ] - c n- k - cØpw _‘p-°-fpsS ho´p-ap-‰Øpw ASp-∏p-Iq´n Ah-Imiw ÿm]n-°p-∂p. D’hw XpS-ßn-bm¬ ]Xn-m-bn-c-°- W-°nv `‡-P--ß-fmWv Hmtcm Znh- khpw t£{X-Øn-se-Øp-I. {Sm^nIv kwhn-[mw ]e-t∏mgpw XI-cp∂ hn[- Øn-emWv Cu Xnc-°v. t£{X]cn-k- c-Øp≈ mm-Pm-Xn-a-X-ÿ¿ H‰ a- t m- S p- I q- S nbmWv C°m- e Øv {]h¿Øn-°p-∂-Xv. ho´p-ap-‰-hpw, hoSpw ]cn-k-c-hpw, hgn-Ifpw F√mw s]m¶m- e-°m¿°mbn Ah¿ hn´p-sIm-Sp-°p-amb s]m¶m-e. A∂v cmhnse apX¬ Bbnc°- ∂p. s]m¶m-e-°m¿°v sh≈w ¬Ip-∂-Xn-pw,W-°nv _men-I-am-cpsS Xme-s∏men S-°pw. Ah¿°v {]mY-anI kuI-cy-߃ D≠m°n sImSp-aq∂mw Znhkw IpØn-tbm´ t¿®-bpsS XpS-°- °p-∂-Xnpw mm-PmXnaX-ÿ-cmb m´p-Im¿am-bn. 12 hb- nv Xmsg-bp≈ B¨Ip-´n-IfmWv Xøm-dm-bn-cn-°pw. Nne ap…nw]≈n-]-cn-k-cw-IqSnIpØn-tbm´ {hXw S-Øp-∂-Xv. Ign™ h¿jw s]m¶me ASp∏v Iq´p-∂-Xnv Xpd∂p sImSp-°p-Bbn-c-Øn-tesd IpØn-tbm-´-°m-cp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ∂-Xn¬ n∂p-Xs∂ aX-ku-lm¿Zw Duln-°m-hp-Ah-sc√mw s]m¶m-e-hsc t£{X-Øn¬Øs∂ ∂-Xm-Wv. D’hw XpS-ßp-∂-Xn-p- ap-ºp-Xs∂ K-{hX- t ØmsS Ign- b - W w. Ch- c mWv s]m¶me c-Ønse mm-`m-KØpw D’h IΩ-‰n-Iƒ cq]w-Znhkw cm{Xn tZhnsb ]pdØv Fgp-∂-≈n-°p- sIm- ≈ pw. AXnv t£{X- h p- a mbn _‘- a n- √ .tºmƒ AI-ºSn tkhn-°p-∂-Xv. cmhnse aW- AXmXv ÿesØ m´p- I m- c pw, dkn- U ‚ v k v°mSv imkvXm-t£-{X-Øn-se-Øn-t®-cp∂ tZho At m-kn-tb-j-p-I-fpw, kmwkv°m-cn-I-˛-sXm-gn-hn{K-lw, AhnsS Zo]m-cm-[ S-Øp-∂-tXmsS emfn kwL-S--Ifpw tN¿∂mWv kwL-Sn-∏n-°p-Xncn-s®-gp-∂-≈Øv Bcw-`n-°pw. ]n∂oSv t£{X- ∂-Xv. s]m¶m-ebv°v FØp∂ `‡-P--߃°v - 41 -
  23. 23. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011IpSn-sh-≈-hpw,tamcpsh≈hpw¬Ip- ∂ - X npwkwL-S--Iƒkwhn-[mwG¿s∏-Sp-ØpI]Xn-hm-Wv. F√mwad∂v B‰p- I m¬D’hw hnP-bn-∏n-°m-p≈ HsØmcpa F√m-bn-SØpwZriy-am-Ipw. qdvIW-°nv Hmt´m-dn-£-Iƒ s]m¶meZnhkw kuP-y-khmcn S-Øm≥Xøm-dm-IpI ]Xn-hm-Wv. D’-h-Øn-tm, a‰v ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒt°m m´p-Imcn¬n∂pw]Ww ]ncnbv°mØ t£{X-amWv B‰p-Im¬.s]m¶me Znhkw Pn√bv°v s]mXp- A-h-[n-bm- °w. hmbv°p-c-h-bpw, tZhn-kvtXm-{X-ßfpw, sN≠-Wv. ta-fhpw nd™ A¥-co-£-Øn¬ t£{X-Øn-p- Np‰pw Intem-ao-‰¿ Zqc-Øn¬ e£-°-W-°nv ASp- s]m¶me Znhkw t£{X- ] - c n- k - c - Ø pw, ∏p-I-fn¬ Xo Db-cpw. ]≠mc ASp-∏n¬ Xo ]I¿∂s]m¶me CSp∂ ÿeØpw ]pcp- j - ∑ m¿°v hnhcw tdUn-tbm, sSen-hn-j≥, D®-`m-jWn F∂n-I¿i nb-{¥Ww D≠v. ]mkv D≈-htc am{Xsa h-bn-eqsS Adn-bn-°m≥ kwLm-SI kan-Xn-IƒIS-Øn-hn-Sq. Bbn-c-°-W-°nv hmf‚n-b¿amcpw G¿∏mSv D≠m-°n-bn-´p-≠v. ASp-∏p-I-fn¬ Xo Db-t]meo-kp-Imcpw cwK-Øp-≠m-Ipw. D’hw XpS-ßp- cp-∂-tXmsS A-¥-]p-cn-bpsS s√m-cp-`mKw bmK-∂-Xnp apºp-Xs∂ k¿°m¿Xe-Øn¬ Hcp°- im-e-t]m-se-bm-Ipw. AhnsS n∂pw Db-cp∂ ]pI-߃°p≈ Ah-tem-I--tbmKw IqSpw. a{¥n-am¿, sIm≠v A¥-co£w aqSn-s°-´pw. s]m¶m-e, ]mb-{]Xn-]£tXm-hv, tab¿, D∂X DtZym-Kÿ∑m¿, - - kw, a≠∏p-‰v, sXcfn F∂n-h-bmWv `‡-P--߃P- { ]- X n- n- [ n- I ƒ XpS- ß n- b - h - c - S - ß nb Xøm-dm-°p-∂-Xv. sshIp-t∂cw ]pjv]-hrjvSn S-IΩ-‰n-bmWv kpc-£m-{I-ao-I-c-W-߃ hne-bn-cp- Øn-s°m≠v A¥-co-£-Øn¬ slen-tIm-]v‰¿ ]d-Øp-∂-Xv. °p- ∂ - t XmsS nth- Z y- Ø n- p≈ ka- b - a m- I pw. t£{X-Ønp apºn¬ k÷o-I-cn-®n-´p≈ At∏mƒ qdv IW-°nv ]qPm-cn-am¿ Xo¿∞Pehp-]≠mc ASp-∏n¬ ]qPmcn NS-ßp-Iƒ°p- tijw ambn "tZn-bv°¬ NS-ßnv Cd-ßpw. s]m¶m-e-Xo sXfn-bn-°p-∂-tXm-sS-bmWv s]m¶m-ebv°v XpS- bn¬ Xo¿∞-Pew hogp-∂tXmsS Ah-bp-ambn `‡- - - 43 -
  24. 24. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011P-߃ aS-°bm{X Bcw-`n-bv°pw. Hcp h¿jsØ - - F∂-dnbs∏´n-cp∂ cmPm-c-RvPnXvknwKv Xs‚ImØn-cn∏v Aßs Ah-km-n-°p-∂p. s]m¶m- sIm´m-c-Øn-tebv°v i¶-c-mYtPm’ys £Wn-e-°m¿°v k©-cn-°phm≥ {Sm≥kvt]m¿´v tIm¿∏- ®p. At±-lsØ ]n∂oSv cRvPnXvknwKv a{¥n-am-td-j-pw, sdbn¬th-bp-sa√mw {]tXyI k¿Δo-kp- cn¬ Hcmfm-°n. cRvPnXvknwKv bp≤-Øn-p-t]m-Iƒ G¿s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. Pn√-bpsS hnhn[ `mK- Ip-∂Xv i¶-c-mYvtPm’y≥ Ipdn-®p-sIm-Sp-°p∂ß-fn¬ n∂pw AyPn√-I-fn¬ n∂pw h∂n´p≈ Znhkw BsW∂v hsc Imcy-߃ FØn. Cw•ojvhml--ß-fpw-sIm≠v aWn-°q-tdmfw KXm-KXw CuÃv C¥ym Iº-n-bnse ]e D∂-Xcpw cmPm-kvXw`n-°pw. c- R v P nXv k nwKp- a mbn _‘- s ∏- ´ n- c p- ∂ Xv i¶- c - mYtPm’y≥ hgn-bm-bn-cp∂psh∂mWv ]d-bp-∂-t£{X sFXnlyw Xv. Iºn emtlm-dnepw a‰pw Icw Hgnhm°n In≈n B‰ns‚ ]Sn-™mtd Ic-bn-emWv tPm’y¿°v ÿew ¬In-bn-´p-≠v. HSphn¬ Xncp-B‰p-Im¬ tZhot£{Xw ÿnXn-sN-øp-∂-Xv. ]≠v hn- X mw- I q- d nse kzmXn- X n- c p- m- f ns‚ ImeØvCu {]tZ-isØ {][m Xd-hm-Sm-bn-cp∂ ap√p-ho- tPm’y¿ At±-lsØ apJw ImWn-°phm≥ Xncp-´nse Imc-W-h¿°v In≈n B‰n≥Ic-bn¬ sh®v h--¥-]p-cØv FØn. kzmXnXncp-mƒ i¶-c-mYvHcp _men- I - b psS cq]- Ø n¬ tZhoZ¿iw tPm’yv PUvPn-bmbn DtZymKw ¬In. B‰p-D≠mbn F∂mWv Cu t£{X-sØ-∏‰n-bp≈ BZy - Im¬ sNdp-Ic henb ho´n¬ n∂mWv i¶-c-mYsFXn-lyw. cm{Xn kz]v-Øn¬ tZhn, ASp-Øp≈ tPm’y¿ hnhmlw Ign-®-Xv. Pn¿Wm-h-ÿ-bn-em-Imhn¬ aq∂v hc-Iƒ ImWp-∂n-SØv Xs∂ IpSn- bn-cp∂p A∂sØ B‰p-Im¬ t£{Xw. Xs‚ `mcy-bn-cp-Ø-W-sa∂v Imc-W-h-tcmSv Bh-iy-s∏-´p. bpsS IpSpw_t£{XsØ tPm’y¿ ]p-cp-≤-cn-AhnsS D≠m-°nb t£{X-amWv Ct∏mƒ Kn∂kv ®p-sh-∂pw, tZho`‡-mb At±-l-Øns‚ tXr-_p°n¬ CSw tSnb B‰p- I m¬ t£{Xw. Xz-Øn¬ BWv hn{Kl {]XnjvT S-Øn-bsX∂pw -sFXnlyw F¥p-Xs∂bmbmepw Cu t£{XsØ ]d-bp-∂p. D{XwXncp-m-fns‚ Ime-Øm-bn-cp∂pC¥y≥ Ncn-{X-hp-ambn _‘n-∏n-°p∂ Hcp alm- i¶-c-mYtPm’y-cpsS ac-Ww.p-≠v. AXv {]ikvX kwkvIr-X-]-WvUn-X-pw, Hcp {SÃv BWv B‰p-Im¬ t£{X-Øns‚]©m-_nse cmPm-cw-RvPnXvknwKns‚ a{¥n-bp- `cWw nb- { ¥n- ° p- ∂ - X v . Chn- S sØ ta¬im-amb i¶¿mYtPm’y-m-Wv. hSt° ae-_m-dn¬ ¥nsb Hmtcm h¿jhpw nb-an-°p-∂p. _me-ap-c-A·n- i ¿a≥ ºq- X n- c n- b p- t Sbpw htßm- ´ p- a - T - fn-bmWv ]pXnb ta¬im-¥n. IqSmsX ]n.-hn. tIi-Ønse ]m¿hXn]n≈-bm¿Xn-cn-bp-sSbpw aI-mbn h≥ºq-Xn-cn, Fw.-F≥. mcm-b-W≥-ºq-XncnPn® i¶¿mYtPm’ys‚ BZy-Ime PohnXw F∂n kl-ta¬im-¥n-am-cpw. tNt∂mkv {_“{ioA⁄m-X-am-Wv. Icn-sh-≈q¿ t£{X-Øn¬ At±- Znt-i≥ ºq-Xn-cn-bmWv B‰p-Im¬ tZhot£{X-l-Øns‚ hmfv C∂pw kq£n-°p-∂-Xmbn ]d-bp- Ønse X{¥n. Znh-khpw AIsØ s]m¶m-e-bpw,∂p. ae-_m-dn¬ n∂pw KwKm kμ¿i--Øn-p- If-`m-`n-tj-Ihpw, Ip¶p-am-`n-tj-Ihpw B‰p-Im¬t]mb At±lw Hcp tPm’y-s∂ ne-bn¬ t£{X-Øn-ep-≠v. apgp-°m-∏nv 2030 hsc-bpw, If-s]s´∂v {]kn-≤-m-bn. Imin-bn¬ Xma-k-am-°nb `-Ønv 2013 hscbpw ap≥Iq´n _p°nwKv Bbn-´p-tPm’ys Atz- j n®v cmPm- ° - ∑ m¿t]mepw ≠v. ‘www.attukal.org’ BWv B‰p-Im¬ t£{X-FØm≥ XpS-ßn. HSphn¬ "]©m_v knwlw Øns‚ HutZym-KnI sh_vssk‰v. ae-bn≥Iogv tKm]m-e-Ir-jvW≥ : Zo¿L-Imew amXr-`q-an-bpsS Xncp-h--¥-]pcw {]tXyI teJ-Ipw yqkv FUn-‰-dp-am-bn-cp-∂p. Ign™ 10 h¿j-ß-fmbn amXr-`qan Xncp-h--¥-]pcw FUn- j - n¬ K- c - ] - g a F∂ Ncn- { X- tImfw Fgp- X n- h - c p- ∂ p. ""{ioNn- Ø nc Xncp- mƒ ˛ Ah-km-sØ Fgp-∂-≈Øv , ""tl dmw, ""tIcfw temI-N-cn-{X-Øn-eqsS, ""_mcnÿ Pn.-]n. ]n≈ ˛ Km‘n-Pn°v am¿§-Z¿in-bmb ae-bmfn F∂o {KŸ-ß-fpsS I¿Øm-hm-Wv. - 45 -
  25. 25. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 {io h-√` alm-t£{Xw ]n. DÆn-Ir-jvW≥ -m-b¿, Xncp-h√ sshjvWh`‡n am-Wv. CXv aq∂p-n-e-I-fn-{]ÿm--Øns‚ Ipe-]- emWv n¿Ωn-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xn-Ifmbn Adn-b-s∏-Sp∂ Xv. CXn-p-≈n¬ Xd-n-c-Ωmgvhmcpw Xncp-ass¶ ∏n¬n∂pw 53 1 / 8 ASnBgvhcpw ]mSn-∏p-I-gvØn- Db-c-ap≈ Hcp Icn-¶¬bn- ´ p≈ ae- b m- f - ° - c - [zPw D≠v. [zPm-{K-Øn¬bnse {]i-kvX-ß-fmb D]-tZ-h-]-Z-hn-bp≈ {iosshjv W h t£{X- ß - Kcp-U-pw. Z£nW hgn-fn¬ k¿Δ- { ]- [ m- - a mb °p-]p-dØv I∂n aqe-bn¬H∂mWv Xncp- h √m KW-]-Xn-bp-ap-≠v. AXnv{ioh√` alm- t £- { Xw. hS-°p-hiØv imkvXmhv. -Xncp-h-√m-bpsS ]g-b-tZ-i- hmbp-t°m-Wn¬maw Xncp-h-√-hm-gv, Xncp- e£vao`K-h-Xn-bpsSh-√-hmbv Fs∂-√m-am-bn- tImhn¬ D≠m-bn-cp-∂p.cp-∂p. h√-∏pg F∂p-t]- C∂v C√. hS-t°--S-bn¬cp≈ aWn- a - e - b m- d ns‚ Ipt_- c s‚ ÿmØvhSt° Xoc-ØmWv Cu Ipc-b-∏≥ F∂ t]tcm-Sp-t£{Xw. AXp- s Im≠v Iq-Snb Hcp imkvXm-{]-Xn-tZi- maw "h√- h mbv jv T - b p- ≠ v . aow cmin-F∂m-bn. Xncp-h√m {Kma- bn¬ Ce-h-¥o-Xo¿∞w.Øns‚ {]i- k vXn°v me-ºeØnp sX°p-In- - -Fs∂∂pw nZm--am-bn-cn- g- ° mbn hnkv - X r- X - a mb°p-∂Xv {ioh-√` alm- IqØ- º ew D≠m- b n- c p-t£{Xw Xs∂. ∂p. in-®p-t]m-bn. Chn-hnizI¿Ωmhv n¿Ωn-®Xpw {ioIrjvW`K-hmpw SpsØ me-º-e-Øns‚ Hcp hi-Ønv 150 ASnkmXyInbpw {io Kcp-Upw ]qPn-®n-cp-∂-Xp-amb ofw D≠v. h´-{io-tIm-hn-em-Wv. AXnv 150 ASn{ioh√-`-_nw_w t{Xm-hXn Zn-bnse `{Z-I-b- hymkw D≠v. me-º-e-Øn--IØv hS°pwtZh¿,Øn¬ n∂pw kap-≤-cn®v Xncp-h-√m-bn¬ {]Xn- hnjzIvtk≥ F∂n-h-cpsS {]Xn-jvT-Iƒ D≠v.jvTn-°p-I-bm-Wp-≠m-b-sX∂v ÿe-]p-cm-Ww. B {iotIm-hn-ens‚ ]Sn-™mtd S-bn¬ N{I-]p-cp-j-{]XnjvT "tNc-am≥]S-InS ˛ AXm-bXv 11,11,526- mbn {io kpZ¿i-sØ {]Xn-jvTn-®n-cn-°p-∂p.˛mw Ien-Zn--Øn-em-bn-cp-∂s{X AXv {InkvXz_vZw me-º-e-Øn-p-≈n¬ {iotIm-hn-ens‚ sX°p-h-_n.-kn. 59 BWv. i- Ø mbn AXn- h n- k vXr- X - a mb Hcp `qK¿` Ft´-°-dn¬ IqSp-X¬ hnkvXr-Xn-bp≈ hf- `WvUmcw D≠v. GI-tZiw ap°m¬ q‰m-≠p-I-∏n-emWv t£{Xw. `oam-Im-c-amb ]pdw aXn-ens‚ fmbn AXv Xpd-∂n-´n-√v. AXv Xpd-∂p-Iq-S-s{X. CuHcp hi-Øn-p-am{Xw 562 ASn of-ap-≠v. aXn¬°- t£{X-Ønse D]-tZ-h-∑m¿ Cn- ]-d-bp-∂-h-cm-Wv.IØv IS-∂m¬ BZyw Zriy-am-Ip-∂Xv Kcp-U-am-S- 1. hcm-l-aq¿Øn, 2. hS-°pw-tZ-h≥, 3. imkvXm-hv, - 47 -
  26. 26. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 20114. {io Kcp-U≥, 5. KW-]-Xn, 6. Ipc-b-∏≥ kzman, ]q¿Æ- a m- I W- s a- ¶ n¬ A·n- b n¬ BlqXn7. Ab¬b£n, 8. ambb£n. {ioh-√` t£{X- sNbvtX-Xo-cq. A©mw ]qP ""{_“]qP-bm-Wv.Øn¬ sXmtg-≠- {Iaw. KW-]-Xn, imkvXm-hv, ChnsS ntXy ]≈n-°p-dp∏p-≠v. ]≈n-°p-dp-∏nvhmbp- t °m- W n¬ e£v a o- t Z- h n, Ipt_- c s‚ apºv e£vao]qP-bp-≠v.ÿmØv Ipc-b-∏≥ kzman, aow cmin-bn¬ Ce- Xncp-h√m-bn¬ AS®pnth-Zyhpw Xpd∂ ]qP- -h¥o Xo¿∞w, AXns‚ Ic-bn¬ hymk-`-K-hm≥, bp-am-Wv. D®-∏qPmnth-Zy-Ønv Xr∏p-fn, Fcnt»-Zp¿Δm-km-hv, [zPm-{K-Øn¬ {io Kcp-U≥, me-º- cn, sagp-°p-]p-c-´n, ]cn-∏v, Dt∏-cn, D∏p-amß Ch-e-Øn-p-≈n¬ hS°pwtZh¿, hnjz-Ivtk≥, {io sb√mw thWw. H∂pw c≠pw ]qP-tbm-Sp-IqSntImhn-en-p-≈n¬ Ing°v {ioh-√-`-≥, ]Sn-™mdv {Inbmw- K - a mbn a- k v I mcw thWw. ""]mf- - a -{iokp-Z¿i-w. kvImcw Chn-SpsØ Hcp {]tXy-IXbm-Wv. ChnsS - - a‰v hnjvWp t£{X-ß-fn¬ n∂pw hn`n-∂- ta¬im¥n ÿmw ]Øv Xfp-{_m-“W IpSpw-_-ambn ChnsS ]m©-cm-{X-hn-[m--Øn-ep≈ ]qP-I- °m¿°pw A©v Xncp-h√mtZin {_m“-W¿°p-am-fm-Wv. Cu ]qPbv°v ASn-ÿm--amb imkv{X-{K- bn-cp-∂p. Iogvim¥n-ÿmw q‰n-sb¨]Xv Xncp-h-Ÿ- ß ƒ {io Zp¿Δmkkwln- X bpw Aln¿ √m-tZin IpSpw-_°m¿°m-bn-cp-∂p. -∫p≤y-kw-ln-X-bp-am-Wv. Chn-SpsØ ]qP-I-fn¬]e khn-ti-j-X-Ifpw ImWp-∂p. BZysØ c≠v {]mNoImeØv Cu t£{X-Ønse X{¥w]qP-Iƒ°pw Htc [ymw, aq∂pw, mepw, A©pw Ccn-ßm-e-°pS Xc-∂--√q¿ ºq-Xn-cn-∏m-Sn-m-bn-]qP- I ƒ°v {]tXyIw {]tXyIw [ym- ß ƒ. cp-∂p. Ct∏mƒ X{¥w XpI-e-t»cn Xd-bn¬ Ipgn-H∂mw ]qPbv ° v ""hnez- a w- K ew ]qP- sb∂pw, °m-´v, sXt°-SØv Ipgn-°mSv F∂o C√-°m¿°m-c≠mw ]qPbv°v ""i¶-caw-Kew ]qP-sb∂pw t]cp- - Wv. Chn-SpsØ ]cn-I¿Ωw apf-h `´-Xn-cn°pw,≠v. H∂pw c≠pw ]qP-Iƒ krjvSn {Ia-Øn-em-Wv. aplq¿Øw aºpg `´-Xn-cn-°p-am-Wv. Xncp-hp-’-h-Ch ]pcp-j-m-cm-bW ]qP-I-fm-Wv. D®-∏q-Pbpw Ønv aplq¿Øw Ipdn-°p-∂Xv `‡-{]n-bØv hmcn-memw ]qPbpw ÿnXn {Ia-Øn-epw, A©mw]qP b¿°m-Wv. Chn-SpsØ Ducm◊ Xncp-h-√m- ""]-Øn-eb {Ia-Øn-ep-am-Wv. BZysØ aq∂p ]qP-I- √-Øn¬ t]m‰n-am¿°m-bn-cp-∂p. ]gb ]e tcJ-tfmSpwIqSn sshiy-tlmaw thWw. aq¿Øn]qP I-fnepw Ahsc "aq∂p Krl-Øn-te-h¿ F∂p ]cm- - 48 -
  27. 27. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011a¿in-®p-Im-Wp-∂p. tat®-cn,Cf-a¨, hne-°nen awKewF∂n-h-bmWv aq∂p Krl-߃. Ducm◊ ÿm-߃ ]Øm-bn-cp-∂p. sIm√h¿jm-cw-`-Øn¬ ChnsS mev tZh-Zm-kn-Ifp-sSbpw H∂n¬°q- -Sp-X¬ ""am]m-cX ]´-Øm-- ß fpw D≠m- b n- c p- ∂ p.ntXy {]`m- X - Ø n¬alm- ` m- c Xw hmbn®vhymJym-n-®n-cp-∂p. Xpem-am- k - Ø n¬ ""Xpem- ° m-thco amlm-fly-hpw. aI-c-am-k-Øn¬ ""amL-]p-cm-Whp-amWv hmbn-®n-cp-∂-Xv. Xncp-hp-’-h-Im-eØvthZ- ß ƒ, `mK- h - X - ] p- c m-Ww, tZho- a m- l mflywF∂n- h bpw. C∂vCsXm∂pw S- ° p- ∂ n- √ .Cu t£{X-Øn¬ ta¬im-¥n-am¿ IpS-im-¥n-°m-cm-bn-cp-∂p. Hcp apd ap∂p nthZyw am{Xw. AXv aqØ-XºmcmWv S-Øp-∂-h¿jhpw. ta¬im-¥n-am¿ Krl-ÿm-{i-a-Øn¬ Xv. Ipw`-am-kØnse ]qbw-]n-d∂mƒ Bdm´p {][m- - -{]th-in-®n-´p-≈-hcpw AºXp hb v ]q¿Øn-bm- -am°n ]Øp-Zn-h-ksØ Xncp-hp-’-h-am-Wn-hn-sS.b-hcpw Bbn-cn-°-W-sa∂v nbaw D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. c≠mw D’hZnh-ksØ Al v Ducm-◊-°m-Ingt° S-bnse ta¬im¥n Nμ-ta sXmSp-hm≥ cmWv S-Øn-bn-cp-∂-Xv. aq∂mw Znhkw ta¬im¥n]mSp-≈q. AXp-Xs∂ tKm]n-bm-bn-´p-th-Ww. me- IpSpw-_-°m¿, memw Znhkw ISn-bm-¥p-cpØnº-e-Øn-p-≈n¬ kv{XoIƒ°pw, aXn¬s°-´n-p- Imcm-t©-cn-ssI-Ω-f-∑m¿, CXm-bn-cp∂p {Iaw.≈n¬ B-Iƒ°pw {]th-iw ntj-[n-®n-cp-∂p. Xncp-h-√m-bnse Hcp {][m B´-hn-ti-j-]gb ImeØv ChnsS sh≈m- - I sf Fgp- amb ""D{X{io_en ao amk-Øn-em-Wv. Xncp-h√m∂≈Ønv D]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp-∂p. nth-Zy-Øns‚ {Kma-Øns‚ c£m-tZ-hXam-cmb Be-¥p-cp-Øn, ]S- -BZy-]-IpXn {_“-kzhpw c≠mw ]IpXn tZh- ∏m-Sv, Icn-b-m-´p-Im-hv Zp¿§-Iƒ°v D{X-Øpw-mƒkzhpw. AXmWv Nn´. {ioh- √ `alm- t £- { X- Ø n¬ B¿`m- S - ] q¿Δw Xncp-h-√m-bnse im¥nip≤w ISp-I-´n-bm-Wv. ¬Ip∂ kzoI-c-W-®-S-ßp-I-fmWv D{X {io_en.{_m“-W¿°p t]mepw tkm]m--Øp-¶¬ Ib-dp- sIm√w BZn-i-X-I-ß-fn¬ Xncp-h√m-ime F∂hm≥ ]mSn-√. Iogvim-¥n-am¿ {ioh-√` _nw_sØ t]cn¬ AXn-{]-ikvXamb Hcp hnZym-]oTw ChnsS - -sXm´p-Iq-Sm. Ipc--b-∏≥ kzman-bpsS ap√∏¥-en¬ {]h¿Øn-®n-cp-∂p. nc-Ww-im-e, Ihn-bq¿im-e,ta¬im- ¥ n- a m¿t°m, Iogvim- ¥ n- a m¿t°m, Xrs°m-Sn-Ømwime apX-emb thZ-]m-T-im-e-I-X{¥nbvt°m {]th-i--an-√. AhnsS ]qP-bn-√. sf-°mƒ hfsc hep-Xm-bn-cp∂p Xncp-h-√m-im-e. - 49 -

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