Makarajyothi 2011 page 101-156

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Part #3
Makarajyothi 2011, Theme based Souvenir published in connection with Makaravilakku festival of Thamaramkulangara Sree Dharmasastha Temple, Tripunithura, Kerala, India
Publisher: Thamaramkulangara Ayyappa Seva Samithy
www.thamara.net

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  • 1. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 Xncp--°-c-tØ-h-cpsS Xncp-ap-‰Øv s{]m^. sX°pw-Iq¿ tkma-h¿Ω-cmPm amb Ncn{X ]›m- Ø - esØ ]cm-a¿in-°msX hø. sIm√-h¿jm-cw-`-Im- eØv atlm- Z - b - ] pcw Bÿm--am°n tIcfw `cn- ® n- c p∂ Ipe- t i- J c s]cp-am-°-∑m¿ `c-W-ku- I-cy-Ønv cmPysØ ]Xn- s-´p- m-Sp-I-fmbn hn`-Pn- ®p. Cu mSp- I - f n¬ G‰hpw hnkv X r- X hpw {]m[m- y- t a- d n- b - X p- a mb shº- e - mSv ]n¬°m- e - Øv, G.- U n. 1103- ˛ ¬, sX°pw-Iq-sd-∂pw, hS°pwIqsd∂pw c≠mbn ]ncn- ™ p. sX°pw-Iq-dns‚ BZy-Xe- - Ωƒ k©-cn-°p-IbmWv. q‰m-≠p-I-fpsS ÿmw tIm´-bsØ ]mºm-Sn-°-SpØ sh∂n-a-e-Ncn-{X-ap-dßp∂ ]c-ip-cm-at£-{X-Øns‚ S-hgn-I- - - - bm-bn-cp-∂p.fn-eqsS {]mNo-hpw ]hn-{X-hp-amb Xncp-hcßp-I-- - G.-Un. 12, 13, 14 q‰m-≠p-I-fn¬ sh∂n-aefn-te°v F√m-sa√mw a[p-cn-∏n-°p∂ ]©m-£co-a- - Xeÿm--am°n cmPyw-`-cn-®n-cp∂ sX°pw-Iq¿{¥-Øns‚ Aar-X_n-μp-°ƒ h¿jn-°p-∂, ip`-I- - 15-˛mw q‰m-≠ns‚ HSphn¬ Xe-ÿmw tIm´-chpw im¥-hp-am-b, inh-k∂n-[n-Ifn-te°v Ωƒ - - bsØ Xfn-t°m-´-bn-te-°p- am-‰n. Ab¬m-Sp-hm-kz—-μambn k©-cn-°p-Ibm-Wv. tKmI¿Æw apX¬ - - gnbmb sNº-I-t»-cn-bpsS IS-∂m-{I-aW `oj-Wn-Iym-Ip-am-cn-hsc-bp≈ ]gb tIc-fØnse qs‰- - - bm-bn-cp∂p AXnp Imc-Ww. ]t≠ Xs∂ kz¥w´p-in-hm-e-b-ß-fpsS aln-am-Xn-tc-I-߃ h¿Æ-hn- apjv°c kwLsØs°m≠v Ir{Xn-aßfpw sIm≈- -kvabw Xo¿°p∂ taem-∏n-p-Xm-sg, {]Pm-t£-a- b-Sn-°epw S-Øn-t∏m∂ sNº-I-t»cn cmPmhvX¬]c-mbncps∂mcp s]cp-am-fns‚ cmP-[m-n°p sX°pw-Iq-dnv h√mØ Xe-th-Z--bm-bn. sh∂n-a-ap∂n¬, B ]cn-kcßsf apgp-h≥ ssIem-kXpeyw - - - e-bn-en-cp∂p `cWw S-Øn-bm¬ sNº-I-t»-cnsbkz¿§o-bam-°p∂ alm-t£-{X-Øn-p-ap-∂n¬, Ω- - nebv°p n¿Øm-m-hn-s√-∂-Xp-sIm≠v cmPmhvfn- t ∏mƒ FØn- b n- c n- ° p- ∂ p. CXp Xncp- - ° - c . Xe-ÿmw Xfn-bn-te-°p- am-‰p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ao-]≠sØ sX°pw-Iq¿ cmP-hw-iØns‚ Xne-I°p- - - ®n-em-dns‚ Xoc-ØmWv Xfn. AhnsS tIm´-sIm-dn-bmbn amdnb Xncp-°c alm-tZ-h¿ t£{Xw! Ø-fßfpw t£{Xhpw t£{X-°p-fhpw Kplm-am¿§- - ßfpw InS-ßp-Ifpw Xo¿Øv F{Xbpw kpc-£n- tIc-f-Ønse inh-t£-{X-ß-fn¬ Gsd {]i- Xhpw Dd-∏p-≈-Xp-amb Xe-ÿm--ap-≠m-°n. tIm´-kvX-amb tIm´-bsØ Xncp--°c t£{X-sØ-°p- bv°-I-Øp≈ cmP-[mn ""tIm´-b-I-ambn; ]ns∂dn®p ]d-bp-tºmƒ AXns‚ DXv]-Øn°p nZm-- ""tIm´-b-hp-am-bn. - 101 -
  • 2. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 C°m-e-ØmWv sX°pw-Iq¿cmPmhv Xncp-- c≠mw hS-°pw-mY t£{Xw Xs∂-bmIpw. k¥p-°- c - t £{Xw n¿Ωn- ° p- ∂ - X v . X- f n- t °m- ´ - b n¬ jvS-mb cmPmhv Bÿm--amb Xfn-t°m-´bv°pn¿Ωn® t£{X-Øn¬ hn{Kl {]Xn-jvT-bm-bn-cp- Ing-°p-h-i-ap≈ °-c-Ip-∂n¬ ]d™ e£-W-∂p. Xncp--°-c-bn-em-hs´ kzbw-`q-hmb tXh-cm- sa√mw a- n-¬ I≠n-cn-s°, Hcp Znhkw ImSp-Wv. At©m Btdm iXm-_vZ-߃°p-ta¬ ]g-°- n-d™ B Ip∂n≥]pdØv Irjn-∏Wn sNbvXp-an-√mØ Cu t£{X-Øns‚ n¿Ωn-Xn°p ]n∂n¬ sIm-≠n-cp∂ Hcph≥ a¨sh-´n-sIm≠p Hcp inem-Hcp IY-bp-≈Xv Cßs: kz¥w CjvS-tZ-h-X-bpw J-WvU-Øn¬ c‡-sam-en-®n-d-ßp∂ A¤pXwBcm-[-m-aq¿Øn-bp-amb ]c-a-in-hs‚ t£{Xw kzman-bm¿ aT-Ønse kzmansb h√mØ ]cn-{`-a-tIm´- b - Ø p- X s∂ D≠m- b n- c ns° A∂sØ tØmsS Adn-bn-®p. apºv, Xºp-cms‚ n¿t±-i-{]-sX°pw-Iq¿ Xºp-cm≥ sIcp-fcv tImX-h¿Ωcv (Cu Imcw Xs‚sbm∏w IqSn-bn-cp∂ t]tc-∏-dºp ºq-cmPm-hns‚ t]cv t£{X-Øn-en-cn-°p∂ angm-hn¬ Xn-cn-bp-sam-∂n®v kzman-bm¿ ÿe-Øp-h-∂-t∏mƒhs´-gp-Øn¬ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v.) Xrin-h-t]- kzbw-`q-hmb Hcp inh-enw-K-am-WnXv F∂p-I≠vcq¿ hS-°pw-m-Y-n¬ AXo-h-`-‡n-hn-izm-k-ß- aT-Øn¬ n∂p-Xs∂ hnf-°v, ]qhv, DW-°-ecntfmsS hfsc h¿j-߃ Xn¶ƒ`Pw S-Øn-bn- XpS-ßnb ]qPm-km-a-{Kn-Iƒ hcpØn DS≥Xs∂cp-∂p. {]mbm-[n-Iyw-sIm≠v At±-l-Ønv AXv ºq-Xn-cn-sb-s°m≠v ]qPbpw nth-Zyhpw Ign-XpS¿∂p S-Øm≥ Ign-bm-sX-bm-bn. Xs‚ n - ∏n®v S-∂-Im-cy-ß-sfms° cmPm-hns t_m[n-lm- b - X - b n¬ aw- s m¥v hS- ° pw- m- Y - t mSp ∏n-®p. hnIm-cm-[o-m-bn-Øo¿∂ Xºp-cm≥ Xriq¿ -{]m¿∞n® Xºp-cm≥ atl-iz-cs‚ atm-KXw hS-°pw-m-Ys‚ Acp-f-∏mSp kXy-am-bn-Øo¿∂kz]v-Øn¬ tI´p-hs{X: ""Cn Fs∂ ImWm≥ IrXm¿∞-X-tbmsS AhnsS h∂p-tm-°p-tºmƒCtßm-´p-h∂p _p≤n-ap-t´-≠. Rm≥ °-c-°p- inh-enw-Khpw AXns‚ ap≥h-i-Ømbn hrj-`pw∂n¬ Ah-Xcn-°mw. AhnsS Fs∂ `Pn-®m¬ aXn. - ]n≥h-iØv Aev]w hS-°p-amdn hmbp-tIm-Wn¬Fs‚ ]ptcm-`m-KØv hrj-`pw ]›mZv `mKØv Hcp sX®nbpw I≠v CXp hS-°pw-m-Y≥ Xs∂-Hcp shfp-Ø-sX-®nbpw ImWpw. AhnsS Hcp sb∂p a- n-em-°n.t£{Xw ]WnXv Fs∂ {]Xn-jvTn-°-Ww. AXv ]ns∂, [rX-K-Xn- bn¬ Cuiz-cm-`o-jvS-a- p- k - c n®v t£{Xw n¿Ωn- ° p- ∂ - X n- p≈ bXvw Xºp-cm≥ XpS- ßn. sX°pw- I q¿ cmPysØ G‰hpw hepXpw anI-®-Xp-amb Hcp alm-t£-{X-amWv °-c-Ip-∂n¬ cmPmhp ]Wn-bn-®-Xv. mep-tKm- ]p-c-am-fn-I-Iƒ, IqØ- º-ew, B-s°m-´n¬, hnf-°p-am-Sw, Du´p-]p-c, D]-tZ-hXm-t£-{X-߃ - XpS-ßn-b-h-tbm-Sp-IqSn hf- c - t hKw t£{X- - 103 -
  • 3. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011Øns‚ ]Wn-]q¿Øo-I-cn-®p. sX°pw-Iq-dns‚ cXv-In- c oSwt]mse ]cn- e -kn® B alm- t £- { X-Ønv DNn-X-amb coXn-bn-ep≈ ]qPm- h n- [ m- - ß -fmWv Xºp-cm-t¿s∏-Sp-Øn- b - X v . Xs‚- s bm∏wXrin- h - t ]- c q¿ n∂vB{in- X - m- b n- ° q- S nbt]tc- ∏ - d ºp ºq- X n- c n-sb- Ø s∂ At±lwta¬im-¥n-bmbn nb-an-®p. X{¥w Xc-W--√q¿ºq- X n- c n°v t£{X-Øns‚ ssZw-Zn `c-W-®p- a - X e sNß- g - t »- c n,]p∂-t»cn aq -X-∑msc G¬∏n-®p. kzbw-`q-hmb hnm-i-I-c-amb Ah-ÿ-I-fp-≠m-°p-tºmƒ Xncp-inh-enwKw sN∂p-I-≠Xv sNß-g-t»-cnbpw ]ns∂- -°-c-bn-em-hs´ AXnp hn]-co-X-am-Wv. kvtl-°-≠Xv ]p∂-t»-cn-bp-am-sW-∂t{X ]pcm-hr-Øw. n-[n-bmb Hcp Krl-ÿs‚ ne-bn-emWv {io]-c-kzman-bm¿ aT-Ønse the-°m-cm-bn-cp∂ ]me- ta-iz-cs‚ Chn-SpsØ Ccp-∏v. ssIem-k-irw-K-t°m-S≥, sSp-aßm-S≥ F∂n-hcpsS Xd-hm-´n-te°v - - Ønp apI-fn-se-∂-t]mse Xncp--°-c-°p-∂ns‚t£{X-Øn¬ hnf-s°-Sp∏pw s√p-IpØpw S-Øp- sdp-I-bn¬ km£m¬ ]c-a-in-h≥! CSXphiØv∂-Xn-p≈ Ah-Im-ihpw sImSp-Øp. {io]m¿Δ-Xn, H∏w {ioap-cp-Ipw he-Xp-h-iØv CXc inh-t£-{X-ßsf At]-£n®v Xncp- KW-]-Xnbpw Aø-∏pw. Cu IpSpw-_-k-¶-ev]--°c t£{X-Øn-ep≈ hrj-`v {]m[myw IqSp- tØm-Sq-IqSnb Xncp-°cbnse {]Xn-jvTbpsS `mh- - - - -X-ep-≠v. Poh-p≈ hrj-`am-bn-´p-Xs∂-bmWv Chn- - - sØ-°p-dn®v Cß-s-sbmcp t«mI-ap≠v:SpsØ μn-bpsS k¶-ev]w. inh-enw-Khpw Imfbpw ""aqte Iev]-{Zp-a-ky, [rX-I--I-n`w Nmcp-]-flm-sX®nbpw Hcp henb ine-bpsS `mK-ß-fm-sW∂p k-ÿw]d-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. Cu hrj`w kao-]-Øp≈ thfq¿ hmamw-Km-cqV Kucow n-_n-UIp-N`cm-t`m-KKm-Vm- - - - -F∂ ÿesØ hb-en¬s®∂v s√p-Xn-∂-t∏mƒ `n-cqVwHcp ]d-b≥ Is√-dn™v AXns apdn-th¬∏n-®- k¿Δm-e-¶m-c-Im¥nw hc-]-ip-ar-Km-`o-Xn-lkvXwt{X. Hcp kz]v-Ønse n¿t±-i-{]-Imcw sX°pw- {]k∂wIq¿ cmPmhv Imf s-√p-Xn∂ hb¬ AXn-p-Xs∂ - htμ, _mte-μp-au-enw, KP-hZKp-lm`yma-`n-«n-jvS- - - -nthZyw hIbv°v hmßn-s°m-Sp-∏n-®p. A∂p-sXm´v ]m¿tizB hb¬ "Imf-°≠ambn. t£{X-Øns‚ Xncp-ap-‰Øv sX°p-h-iØv Xncp--°-c-tØ-h-cpsS ssNX-yhpw {]kn- IqØ-º-ew. AXnp Ing°v Hcm-∏-¥-ep-≠v.≤nbpw mƒtXmdpw h¿≤n- ® p- s Im- ≠ n- c p- ∂ Xv sXt°-Sbn-embn KW-]Xn-bp-sSbpw AXnp ]nd- - - -sX°pw-Iq¿ cmPy-Øn- p-X s∂ sFiz- cy- a m- bn- In¬ Aø- ∏ - s ‚bpw {]Xn- j v T - I ƒ. Ah- b psSØo¿∂p. kwlm- c - a q¿Øn- b mb ]c- a - i n- h s‚ Z¿iw Ing-t°m-´m-Wv. hS-°p-h-iØv kp{_-“-ssNXyw AXn-`n-ap-Jamb ÿeØv ]e-t∏mgpw - - Wy≥, hS-°pw-m-Y≥, Zp¿§, {_“-c-£ v F∂n- - 105 -
  • 4. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 c-bpsS apºnepw a®nepw Iqغ-e- Ønse rØ-aWvU]Ønepw {iotIm- - - - hn-ens‚ ap≥h-iØpw Nn{X-∏-Wn-Ifpw Zmcp-in-ev]-ßfpw Hcp]m-Sp-≠v. hrj`w InS-°p∂ aWvU-]-Ønp apI-fn¬ F´p-ssII-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb atl-iz-cs‚ Zmcp-inev]w AXoh kpμ-c-am-Wv. t£{X-n¿Ωn-Xn-°p-tijw sX°pw-Iq¿ cmPmhv nXy-n-Zm-w, amk- h n- t i- j w, B´ -hn-tijw apX-em-b-h-bv°p-th≠ hI- I-sf-√m-a-p-h-Zn-®v, ta¬im-¥n-bmb t]tc-∏-dºp ºq-Xn-cn-tbmSpw X{¥n Xc-W--√q¿ ºq-Xn-cn-tbmSpw Btem- Nn®v t£{X-Im-cy-ß-sf√mw Nn´-s∏-Sp- Øp-I-bp-≠m-bn. Znw-{]Xn Dj:]qP, FXn¿Ø- ] q- P , ]¥o- c - S n, D®- ] q- P , AØm-g]q-P F∂n-ßs A©p ]qP, - FXn¿Ø-]q-P, D®-]q-P, AØm-g-]qP F∂n-h-bv°p-tijw {io_-en. ]¥o-c- Sn-∏q-P-bv°mWp {]m[m-yw. AXn-p- tijw £oc-[m-cbpw Pe-[m-c-bp-ap-≠v. AXp-I-gn-™v, D®-∏q-P-bv°p-ap-ºmbn h-Iw. AI-tØ-°p≈ nth-Zy-tØm- sSm∏w hrj-`-Øn-p≈ nth-Zyhpw {][m--am-Wv. inh-enw-K-Øn--`n-ap-J-am- bp≈ μn-bpsS ]ptcm-`mKw `‡-∑m¿h-cpsS {]Xn-jvT-I-fm-Wv. Xncp--°-c-tØ-h-cpsS apdn-®p-I-S-°m-dn-√. amk-hn-ti-j-ß-fn¬ {]tZm-j-enwKw kzbw-`q-hm-b-Xp-sIm≠v `‡-mb sX°pw- Øn- mWv {]m[m- yw. {]tZm- j - ] q- P - t bm- S p-Iq¿ Xºp- c m≥ hS- ° pw- m- Y s Dt±- i n®v tN¿∂p≈ {][m--s∏´ NSßv A`n-tj-I-am-Wv.{]tXyIambn S-Ønb {]Xn-jvT-bmWv hS-°pw- ]n-o-cv, ]mev, Icn-°v, `kvaw F∂n-h-sIm-≠p≈m-Y-≥. hS-°pw-m-Ys‚ D]-t£-{X-Ønv as‰-ßp- A`n- t j- I - a mWv {]tZm- j - Z n- h kw S- Ø p- ∂ - X v .an-√mØ aWvU]w cmPmhv ]Wn-bn-®n-cn°p-∂p. {]tZm- j - ß - f n¬ inh- t £- { X- Z ¿iw F{Xbpw{_“-c-£- p-am-{X-amWv ]Sn-™mdp Z¿i--ambn ]pWy-Icambn Icp-Xs∏-Sp-∂p. inh-t£-{X-ßfn¬, - - - -ÿnXn-sN-øp-∂-Xv. {]tXy-In®v Xncp--°-c-bn¬, {]tZm-j-Ønv {]tXy- t£{X-Øns‚ mep S-I-fn-ep≈ tKm]p-c- I-]q-P-Iƒ ]Xn-hp-≠v. in-bmgvN hcp∂ {]tZm-am-fn-IIƒ°v Icn-¶-√n¬Øo¿Ø I´n-f-Ifpw ]Sn- j-Øn-mWv IqSp-X¬ amlm-flyw. PK-∑-WvU-e-I- f p- a m- W v . t£{X- Ø nse Zmcpinev ] ßfpw amsI ssNXyw XpSn-°p∂ {]tZm-j-ß-fn¬,Npa¿Nn-{X-ßfpw {]Xn-a-Ifpw sImØp-]-Wn-Ifpw `‡n-km-{μ-amb ]cn-k-c-ß-fn¬ `‡-P--{]-hmlwIem-aq-ey-ap≈ cN-Ifm-Wv. IqØ-ºeØn¬ cmam- - - - - IqSp-X-em-hp-∂p. Xncp--°-c-t£-{X-Ønse B´-hn-bW IY-Iƒ sImØn-h-®n-cn-°p-∂p. _en-°¬]p- ti-jßfn¬ ao-am-k-Ønse ss]¶pn D’-hw, - 107 -
  • 5. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011anYp--Ønse BSn D’-hw, Xpem-am-k-Ønse Ip™≥ ]Wn-°¿, Nmº°pfw ]m®p-]n-≈, am¶pfwBn D’hw F∂n-ßs aq∂p-’-h-ß-fm-Wp-≈- hnjvWpºq-Xn-cn, hmtg-¶S Ip©p-m-b¿, Iem-a-Xv. Ch-bn¬ {][m--s∏-´Xv ss]¶pn D’-hw-X- WvUew IrjvW≥mb¿, IpS-am-fq¿ Icp-Wm-I-s∂. aow H∂mw XobXn sImSn-tbdn ]Ømw c≥mb¿ XpS-ßn A∂pw, Iem-aWvUew tKm]n, -XobXn Bdm-t´msS sImSn-bn-d-ßp∂ Cu D’hw Iem-a-WvUew cma≥Ip-´n, s√n-tbmSp hmkp-tZ-Xncp--°-c-bpsS BtLm-j-s∏-cp-a-sIm-≠m-Sp∂ h≥ºq-Xn-cn, aS-hq¿ hmkp-tZ-h≥mb¿, ^mIvSvh¿Æ-i-_f-amb atlm-’-h-am-Wv. D’h NS-ßp- taml-≥, tIm´-bv°¬ A∏p--ºq-Xn-cn, Iem-I-fn¬ {][m--s∏´ D’-h-_en Z¿iw sImSn- tI{μw apc- f o- [ - c ≥ºq- X ncn XpSßn C∂pwtb‰pw Bdm-´p-sam-gn®v F´p-Zn-h-kßfn-ep-ap-≠v. AcßphmW-cp-fp∂ S-∑m-cpsS {]I-S--ßfpwanYp amk-Ønse BSn D’hw F´p-Zn-h-k-am- tN¿Øe Ip´-∏°p-dp-∏v, XIgn Ip´≥]n-≈, tIm´- -Wv. Xncp-hm-Xnc Bdm-´m-bn-h-cp∂ coXn-bn-emWv bv°¬ hmkp-s-Sp-ßm-Sn, Iem-aWvUew i¶-c≥ -BSn. Xpem- a m- k - Ø nse Bn D’hØnv F{ºm-¥n-cn, sslZ-cm-en, ]≈w am[-h≥, Iem-a-Aev]in D’-h-sa∂pw ]d-bpw. Bdp-Zn-h-ksØ WvUew lcn-Zm-kv, ]Øn-bq¿ i¶-c≥Ip-´n, Iem-a-Aev]in Xrt°´ sImSn-tb-‰mbn S-Øp-∂p. Bn WvUew _me-N{μ≥ XpSßn {]i-kvXcmb Kmb- - -BSn D’-h-ß-fn¬ {iotIm-hn-en-p-≈nse ]qPm- I-cpsS IY-Ifn-∏m´pw, sN≠, a±fw XpS-ßnb taf- -Zn-Im-cy-߃°p-am-{Xta {]m[m-y-ap-≈q. ß-fnse hº-∑m-cpsS {]I-S--ßfpsa√mw-sIm≠v BZy-Imew apX¬°p-Xs∂ Xncp-°c D’- - hk-¥cm-hp-Iƒ Xo¿°p∂ D’-hImew Xncp-°- - - -h-Øns‚ {]ikvXn tIc-f-°-c-bmsI nd™p c- b psS ku`m- K y- a m- W v . Ip´- t ©cn mcm- b W]S¿∂n-´p-≈-Xm-Wv. a≤y-Xn-cp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dn¬s∏´ NmIym¿, ss]¶pfw cma-Nm-Iym¿, amWn-am-[hsX°pw- I q¿ tZi- h - g n- b psS kmaq- l yhpw NmIym¿ XpS-ßn AXn-{]-ikvXcmb Iem-Im-c∑m- - - -kmwkv°m-cn-I-hp-amb DW¿Δns‚ {]Im-i--sa-∂- cpsS IqØpw IqSn-bm-´hpw ]mT-Ihpw, ae-_m¿Xn-ep-]cn sFiz-cy-k-ar-≤n-I-fpsS {]Xo-I-amb hnf- cma≥mb- c psS Hm´≥Xp- ≈ epw, sNssºbpwsh-Sp-∏ns‚ BtLm-j-ambpw, Iem-Im-bn-I-ta-J-e- siΩm-¶p-Snbpw Fw.-Fkv. kp∫-e£van-bpw, _me- - -I-fnse anI-hp-Iƒ a’-cn-°p∂ Ifn-b-c-ßmbpw, ap-cfo-Ir-jvWbpw, Fw.-F¬. hk-¥Ip-am-cn, Sn.-B¿. - -hymh-km-bnI hnI-k--ß-fpsS hnfw-_-c-th-Zn- alm-enw-Kw, tbip-Zmkv XpS-ßn-b-h-cp-sam-cp-°nbbmbpw ]cn-e-kn-°p∂ hnkva-b-hn-ti-j-amWv Xncp- kwKoX kZ- p-Ifpw HcpIm-eØv ChnSpsØ D’--°c D’-hw. sImSn-tb‰p apX¬ Bdm-´p-h-sc- h-th-Zn-Isf {Xkn-∏n-®n-´p-≠v. F√m hn`m-K-ß-bp≈ Znh-k-ß-fn¬ `‡-k-l-{k-ß-fpsS A¥- fnepws∏´ G‰hpw {]K-¤-cmb Iem-Im-c-∑m¿cw-K-ß-fn¬ B≤ym-flnI ssNX-ysØ t{]mPz- Imem-Im-eßfmbn Cu ]mc-ºcyw ImØp-t]m-cp- - -en-∏n-°p∂ hnti-j- ]q-PIfpw NS-ßp-Ifpw {iotIm- - ∂p. Xncp--°-c-tØ-h-cpsS Bdm-´n--I-º-Sn-bmbnhn-en-p-≈n¬ kl-{k-]{Xw hnS¿Øp-tºmƒ, ]pd- ]≠p-≠m-bn-cp∂ "Xncp--°c sIm®p-sIm-º≥Øv, B_m-ehr-≤߃°v B-μkμm-bIam-Ip∂ - - - - - - F∂ B Hmtcm tIm´bwImc-s‚bpw A`n-am--Iem-hn-ti-j-ß-fpsS tIfn-sIm-´m-bn. t£{X-I-e- am-bn-cp-∂p. Icn-acp∂p {]tbm-KØn¬ c≠m-asXmcp - - -I-fmb IqØv, IqSn-bm-´w, ]mT-Iw, Xp≈¬, IY- hm°n-√msX sXmΩ≥ h¿°n-bp-≠v. sX°pw-Iq¿Ifn XpS-ßn-b-h-bpsS D¬Ir-jvS-ß-fmb Ah-X-c- cmPm-hns‚ tkm-hn-`m-KØn¬ kvt^mS-IhkvXp - -W-ß-fmWv B≠p-tXmdpw ChnsS Ac-tß-dp-∂- n¿Ωm-W-Øn-mbn ntbm-Kn-®n-cp∂ IpSpw-_-Xv. Hmtcm Iem-cq-]hpw Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p∂ AXn- Ønse AwK-am-bn-cp∂p At±-lw. t£{X-tKm-]p-{]-i-kvX-cmb Iem-Im-c-∑m-cpsS {]I-SwsIm≠v chpw D’-h∏¥epw Ae-¶cn-®n-cp∂ "]¥¬ inh- - - -msSßpw {]Io¿Øn-Xam-Ip-∂p. IY-Ifn-bn¬ Kpcp- - - cm-a≥mbcpw Xncp--°-cbv°p kz¥w.Ip-©p-°p-dp-∏v, Ih-f-∏m-d -m-cm-b-W≥ mb¿, D’-h-Imew F√m tZi-ß-fnepw hn]-Wsh®q¿ cma≥]n-≈, sNß-∂q¿ cma≥]n-≈, Ipdn®n taf-I-fpsS Imew-Iq-Sn-bm-Wv. C∂-sØ-t∏mse - 109 -
  • 6. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011Am-bm-k-ambn hn`-h-ti-J-c-W-߃°p hgn-bn- cbpw thZn-bm-Ip-∂p-≠v. me-©p-h¿jw apºv Cu√m-Xn-cp∂ ImeØv D’-h-®-¥-Iƒ m´p-Im-cpsS t£{X-Øns‚ D’-htØm-Sp-_‘n®p XpS-ßnb, - - -Bth-iam-bn-cp-∂p. D’-htØmSp-_‘n®v ]≠p- - - - XpS¿∂n-t∏mgpw S-Øp∂, ]I¬∏qcw Hcp ]pXnbap-Xte Xncp--°-c-bnse {]tXyI hn]-W thZn- kwcw-`-am-Wv. ]qc-߃°p-]qcw Xriq-cm-Wv. Ahn-Iƒ Hcp amk-Øn-tesd Xpd-∂n-cn-°pw. aow H∂p SpsØ hS-°pw-m-Ys Chn-SpsØ Xºp-cm≥apX¬ taSw H∂v hnjphpw taSw ]Øv ]Øm-ap- Ctßm-´m-hm-ln®p {]Xn-jvTn-®-t∏mƒ, kzm`m-hn-I-Z-bhpw hsc o≠p-n¬°p∂ I®-h-S-߃ ""A—- am-bpw, ChnsS ]qcw {]k-‡-am-Ip-∂p. temIwsbpw AΩ- s b- b p- s am- g n®v as‰√mw Xncp- - apgp-h≥ ]pI-gm¿∂ Xriq¿]qc-Øns‚ al-Xz-°c®¥-bn¬In´pw F∂p m´p-Im¿ ]d-bp∂ apƒs°m- ≈ m≥ Xncp- - ° - c bv°p Ign-coXn-bn-em-bn-cp∂p A∂v. Im¿jnI hnf-Ifpw bp∂sXßs? hnimekpμ-c-amb tX°n≥ImSphnØp-Ifpw sIm´, apdw, ]mb, ]ºv, ho´p-]-I-c- ssaXm-hpw, Xncp-h-ºm-Sn-˛-]m-d-ta-°mhv t£{X-W-߃ XpS-ßn-b-hbpw hmßm≥ D’-h-°mew ]-›m-Ø-ehpw, Fhn-Sp-sØbpw F°m-e-sØbpwImØn-cp-∂-h¿ Gsd-bm-Wv. Npcp-°-Øn¬, Xncp- anI® taf-s∏-cp-°-ßfpw, Icn-a-cp∂p hnkva-b-ß--°-c-bnse D’hw tIm´bw ]´-WsØ apgp-h≥ fpw-sIm≠v `qanae-bm-fsØ A£-cw-{]Xn {]I-tImƒa-bn¿s°m-≈n-°p∂ IuXp-I-ß-fp-sSbpw ºw sIm≈n- ° p∂ Xriq¿∏qc- Ø ns‚ sNdn-kmwkv ° m- c nI hnn- a - b - ß - f p- s Sbpw I√ym- W - sbmcp ng-em-bn-´m-sW-¶nepw, Xncp--°-c-bnepwImew; Ip´n-Iƒ°pw sNdp-∏-°m¿°pw a≤y-h-b- ]qc-am-bn. D≈-Xp-sIm≠v HmWw F∂p-≠-t√m.kv°¿°pw hr≤-∑m¿°p-sa√mw Ah-c-h-cpsSXmb Chn- S psØ bph- X z- Ø ns‚ NSp- e - X - I ƒ CucoXn-bn¬ BtLm-jn-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂, sh◊-Wn, ]qcsØ Aßs BtLm-j-am-°p-∂p. t£{X-tNe- ∏ - d - º v , Hdh- ¶ c XpS- ß nb ]gb Pp- ssa-Xm-Øv Ing°pw ]Sn-™mdpw A`n-ap-J-ambn n¬s∏´ {]Xn-`m-im-en-Iƒ°v ap‡-I-߃ cNn- n¬°p∂ KP-tI-k-cn-I-fpsS Xe-sb-Sp∏pw b-°m≥ {]tNm-Zw sImSp-°p∂ Ia-ob Imew! m-`n-cm-aam-bn-Øo-cp∂ IpS-am-‰hpw Ae-¶m-cßfpw, - - - Sp-hn¬ a´-∂qcw s]cp-h-hpw a’-cn®p ]b-‰p∂ D’- h m- t Lm- j - ß - f nepw NS- ß p- I - f nepw Xmf- t a- f - ß fpw C∂v tIm´bwImcn¬,Imtem-Nn-X-amb ]cn-jv°m-c-߃°v Xncp--°- Xriq¿Imcs‚b{X- b n- s√-¶n-epw, Hcp sNdnb Al- ¥ - b p- ≠ m- ° p- ∂ p- ≠v. AXns A[n-I-cn- °m≥ Xncp-°cssaXm- - - Ø ns‚ sRcp°w Ap-h-Zn-°p-∂n-s√-∂p- ≈Xv kXyw. B´- h n- t i- j - ß - fn¬ {][m--s∏´ H∂v inh-cm-{Xn-bm-Wv. alm- in-h-cm-{Xn-bpsS alXzw nd- b p∂ Xncp- - ° - c - bn¬ F{Xbpw ]hn-{X- amb LrX- [ mc F∂ NSßv mep-bm-a-ß-fn- embn S-Øp-∂p. cm{Xn - 111 -
  • 7. - 113 -876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543218765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432187654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543218765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432187654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 Dqh¥fTebgÿleCx.8765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432187654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543218765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432187654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 FlfvebMõceã svÖx Y©pv~WTx bBfheëeãf8765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432187654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543218765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432187654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 svÖxbfäTgkW ceùlceCx släfãfTgÿlx.8765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432187654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543218765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432187654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 D’h Znhkßfn¬ ùMrakebfnfvgúf¬87654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543218765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432187654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543218765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432187654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 mVecf MjCX876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543218765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432187654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®n-´p-≠v. {io. cmP sX°pw-Iq¿ cmP-IpSpw-_mw-K-am-Wv. Fgp-Øp-Im-c-p-am-Wv. ]pc-kvIm-c-߃ ]eXpw tSnb Ihn-X-Iƒ Bp-Im-en-I-ß-fn¬ hn`mKw ta[m- h n- b mbn Zo¿L- I mew tkh- - a - p- j v T n® {io tkma- h ¿Ω- cmP, Ihnbpw s{]m^. sX°pw-Iq¿ tkma-h¿Ω- cmPm : Xr°m-°c `mc-X-amXm tImtf-Pn¬ ae-bmfw inhmb. sIm-≈p-∂-h¿°v kzm`m-hn-I-ambn D≠m-Ip∂ Hcp n-∂p-sIm≠v Hcn°¬°qSn P]n-°s´: "Hmw a: hyXy-kvX-am-bn, Cu t£{X-hp-ambn Bfl-_-‘w- Ap-{K-l-sam-∂p-sIm-≠p-am-{Xw. B Xncp-ap-‰-Øp- t]m-Ip-tºmƒ km[m-cW `‡-P--ß-fn¬n∂p Sp-°m≥ Fn°p Ign-™Xv Xncp--°-c-tØ-h-cpsS B´-hn-ti-j-ß-fp-sams° A`w-Kp-c-ambn XpS¿∂p- kq£n-°p∂ Ah-cpsS lrZ-b-`m-h-ßsf H∏nsb- {X-Ønse nXy-n-Zm-hpw amk-hn-ti-j-ßfpw, Ø-dn-™-t∏mƒ Ct∏mgpw A∂sØ Xmt°m¬ mSp-hm-gn-غp-cms‚ ]pWy-w ]p-W¿∂ alm-t£- - Xn-sbpw ktlmZc≥ taml≥Ip-am-dn-sbpw ASp- q‰m-≠p-Iƒ°p-ap-ºv `mKy-im-en-bmb Hcp Xns‚ C∂sØ Xe-ap-d-bnse ]c-ta-iz-c≥ aqØ- Øn¬ hnhn[ Iem-]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ Ac-tß-dp-∂p. Øns‚ `c-W-®p-a-X-e-tb-ev]n® ]p∂-t»cn aqØ- a’c_p-≤n-tbmsS S-Øp∂ Nnd-∏p-a-tlm-’-h- Xv. ]≠sØ Hcp sX°pw-Iq¿ cmPmhv t£{X- Ifpw ÿm]- - ß fpw kaq- l - ß fpw Dug- a n´v t£{X-Øns‚ Imcm◊ Ah-Imiw kn≤n-°p-∂- Øp∂ Nnd-∏p-’hw ]≠p-ap-X-evtI-bp-≠v. hy‡n- oe-I-WvT≥ aqØXv F∂ ÿm-t∏-cn-emWv aWvU-e-Im-eØv Aø-∏s‚ D]-t£-{X-Øn¬ S- bmepw, ""tZh≥ tZh≥ F∂p -am-dm-t∏-cp≈ tZh≥ h¿jhpw hr›nIw H∂np XpS-ßp∂ i_-cn-ae Ønse Imc-W-h-cmb hy‡n-bpsS t]cv a‰v F¥m- tj-I-ßfpw [mcbpw S-Øn-t∏m-cp-∂-Xv. F√m _-Øns‚ P∑-]p-Wyw. C∂v, ]p∂-t»cn IpSpw-_- bn-emWv tZh-ssN-X-ysØ Pzen-∏n-°p∂ A`n- ßfpw Ah¿°p-Xs∂ Gs‰-Sp-°m-m-bXv B IpSpw- - Ønp apI-fn¬ ÿm]n-®n-´p≈ kph¿Æ-tKm-f-I- s∂-bm-Wv. Xncp--°c t£{X-Øns‚ `c-W-Im-cy- AXn¬ tcn´v A`n-tjIw S-Øm-dn-√. enwK- ]mSIt»cn C√hpw ]p∂-t»cn C√hpw H∂pX- ≠v . kzbw`qhm- b n- c n- ° p∂ enwK- a mbXnm¬ Wy- k zman t£{X- Ø ns‚ Npa- X - e - ° m- c mb ≈n¬ S-Øp∂ A`n-tj-I-߃°v {]tXy-I-X-bp- tIm´-b-Ønp kao-]-ap≈ B¿∏q-°c kp{_-“- hyXy-kvX-ambn Xncp--°-c-bn¬ {iotIm-hn-en-p- ASp-Øn-S-bmWv Cu teJ-I≥ ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xv. a‰p inh-t£-{X-ß-fn¬n∂pw Imcm◊ ssIÿm-n-bmb ]p∂-t»cn aqØ-Xns a-Wn-tbmsS Xocpw. 60 en‰¿ sømWv CXn-p-]- Krlm-Xp-c-Xz-ap-≠v. Xncp--°c alm-t£-{X-Øns‚ 9 aWn-tbmSpIqSn XpS-ßp∂ [mc ]pe¿s® c≠p- Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011
  • 8. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 Zbm-aq¿Øn-bmb Xr{]-bm-d-∏≥ ""Cuimhmky-anZw k¿Δw tImc-ºØv tKm]n-m-Y≥ tIc-f-Øn¬ F∂mWv ]d- b p- ∂ - X v .{iocm- a - t £- { X- ß ƒ F¥m-bmepw ItmenXmc-X-tay Ipd-hm- Im¬ n¿Ωn- ° p- ∂ -Wv. F∂m¬ tIc-f- Xnp hfsc apºp-Ønse {iocma Xs∂ AhnsS t£{X-t£{X-߃ Ncn-{X-]- hpw, t£{XsØ›m-Øew sIm≠pw, sXm´p-cpΩn ]pg HgpIn-sshhn-[y-am¿∂ bn-cp∂p F∂Xv nkvXBNm- c - n- j v T - I - s f- ¿°-am-Wv. hnkvXm-c-ta-sIm≠pw {it≤-bhpw dnb t£{X-a-Xn¬°-I-{]kn- ≤ - ß - f p- a m- W v . hpw, B-∏-≈-a-Xn-epw,Xncp-h-ßmSv {iocm-a- aq∂p-h-iØpwt£-{Xw, Xncp-hn-ezm- Kmw`ocyw hnfn-®dn-bn-®p--ae hnezm-{Zn-m-Y-t£- sIm- ≠ p- X s∂ ne-{Xw, IS-h-√q¿ {iocm- n¬°p-∂p. ]Sn-™mdva-t£-{Xw, cma-]pcw tKm]p- c hpw ]n∂oSv{iocm-at£{Xw, Xr{]- ]Wn-Xo¿Ø S-∏p-c-I-bm¿ {iocm-a-t£{Xw fpw, {]Z-£n-W-h-cnbpwF∂o t£{X- ß ƒ ]pg- b v ° - ` n- a p- J - a mbnCXn¬ FSp- Ø p- ] - d - tKm]p- c - k - a m- - a mbtb-≠-h-bm-Wv. Xr{]- apt∏m-Sp-Iq-Snb S-∏p-c-bm¿ {iocm- a - k zman bpw, henb _en- ° -t£{XsØ°pdn- √pw, AXn- s mØ®mWv ChnsS {]Xn- _en- ° ¬ ]c- b pw,]m-Zn-°p-∂-Xv. Xriq- hnkvXm-c-ta-dnbcn¬ n∂v Ccp-]Øn hnf°pamS-hpw, Ap-_-A©p- I ntem ao‰¿ ‘-amb me-º-e-hpw,sX°p-]-Sn-™m-dm-bmWv Cu t£{Xw ÿnXn-sN- atm-l-c-amb Xncp-ap-øp-∂-Xv. Kpcp-hm-bq-cn¬ n∂pw, sImSp-ß-√q-cn¬ ‰hpw, a-kvIm-c-a-WvU-]-hpw, hnim-e-amb h´-{io-n∂pw XØp-ey-amb Zqc-amWv Chn-sS-°p-≈-Xv. tIm-hn-epw, Db¿∂ tkm]m--hpw F√mw tN¿∂vIng-°p-`m-KØv t£{X-Øns sXm´p-cp-Ωn-sbm-gp- Hcp ncp-]a alm-t£-{X-am-sW∂v t£{X-h-kvXp-Ip∂ ]pg-bpsS t]cv ""Xo{hm-Znsb∂mWs{X. Xs∂ hnfn-®-dn-bn-°p-∂p. {io`q-an-k-ta-X-mba’y-]p-cm-WØn-epw, tImI-ktμ-iØn-ep-sams° - - - NXp¿_m- l p- ° - t fm- S p- I qSnb alm- h n- j v W p-Cu ÿm-sØ-°p-dn®v hnkvX-cn-®n-´p-≈-Xmbn ]d- hns‚XmWv {]Xn-jvT. iwJpw, N{I-hpw, tImZ-bp-∂p. bm{Xm-ku-I-cy-Øn-mbn sh´n-bp-≠m-°nb Wv U - h pw, A£- a m- e bpw NXp¿_m- l p- ° - f n¬Itmen Im¬ Cu Zn-tbmSv tN¿∂p-t]m-b-Xp- kv]jvS-ambn ImWmw. {ioe-I-Øns‚ sXs°sIm≠v Ct∏mƒ ]ecpw Itmen Im¬ hiØv amXr-I-√n--`n-ap-J-ambn Z£n-Wm-aq¿Øn - 115 -
  • 9. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011k¶¬∏- Ø n- e p≈ inh- e nwK {]Xn- j v T - b p- ≠ v . iwJpw, N{I-hpw, A£-am-e-bpw, tImZ-WvUhpwsX°p-]Sn-™msd aqe-bn¬ CS-tØm´v Xpºn-bpsS - {]XnjvTm hn{K-l-Øn¬ kv]jvS-am-Wv. ssIbnseA{Kw Xncn-®p-]n-Sn® KW-]Xn hn{K-l-hpw, Np‰- tImZ- W v U hpw, lp- a Xv km∂n- ≤ yhpw Cuº-e-tØm-S-p-_-‘n®v {]Xn-jvTn-®n-´p-≠v. Np‰-º- sshjvWhcq]w {iocm-a-m-sW∂v ka¿∞n-°m-e-Øn-pw, {]Z-£nW hgn°pw ]pd-Ømbn Ing- m-hpw. Z£n-Wm-aq¿Øn {]Xn-jvTbpw ]n∂n¬t°m-´p-Xs∂ A`n-ap-J-ambn {]tXyI {ioe-IØv hnf°pw Hcp inh-t£-{X-Øns‚ BNm-c-n-jvT-imkvXm-hns‚ {]Xn-jvT-bpw, t£{Xhpw D≠v. Isf kqNn-∏n-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. Xs∂-bp-a√ cmam-b-W-AXp- t ]mse Xs∂ hS- ° p- h - i Øv tKm]m- e - Øn¬ HcnSØv {iocm-a≥ ]c-a-in-hs‚ Ah-Xm-c-IrjvW {]Xn-jvTbpw D≠v. sIm®n≥ tZhkzw am-sW∂v {]Io¿Øn-°p-∂p-ap-≠t√m? _mlp-°-t_m¿Uns‚ `c- W - Ø n≥ Iogn- e p≈ {][m fn¬ H∂n¬ [cn-®n-´p≈ A£-ame {_“m-hns‚t£{X-ß-fn¬ H∂mWv Cu t£{Xw. {]XoI hnti-j-ambn ImWmhp∂Xm-Wv. Npcp-°n-sFXnlyw AYhm tI´p-tIƒhn ∏-d-™m¬ krjvSn-˛-ÿn-Xn-˛-e-b-ß-fpsS ka-z-b- cq-]hpw ssNX-y-hp-ambn ncp-]-a-amb Cu {]Xn- t{XXm-bp-K-Ønse Ah-Xm-c-ssN-X-y-ßsf jvTsb ImWm-m-Ip-sa∂v kmcw. AXp-sIm≠vZzm]-c-bp-K-Øn¬ {ioIr-jvW≥ Xs‚ cmP-[m-n- Xs∂-bm-bn-cn°mw n›n-X-m-a-Øn--∏pdw ""Xncp-bn¬ h®v Bcm-[n-®n-cp-∂Xm-bpw, `K-hms‚ kz¿§m- - ∏p-d-bm-dn-tmSv tN¿∂n-cn-°p∂ tZhs ""Xr{]-tcm-l-W-tØm-Sp-IqSn {]f-b-Øn¬ ZzmcI IS-en- bm‰p tXhsc F∂v kakvX ka¿∏W kwt_m-em-≠p-t]mbt∏mƒ Bgv∂p-t]mb Znhy-hn-{K-l- [--bmbn hnizm-kn-Iƒ hnfn-°p-∂-Xv. Cuizc߃ ao≥]n-Sn-°p-hm≥ t]mb ap°p-h¿°v In´p-I- k¶¬∏sØ ""A¥w, ""A⁄m-Xw, ""Ah¿Æ-bpw, Ah A∂sØ mSp-hm-gn-bm-bn-cp∂ hm°- obw Fs∂√mw {]Io¿Øn® Ihn a- p-Ifpwbn¬ ssIasf G¬∏n-®-XmbpamWv hnizm-kw. {_“-ØzsØ Nn¥ hnNn-¥Ifn-eqsS ""ncm-Ien-bp-K-Øn¬ tam£-{]m-]vXn-°mbn `‡-P-- Imcw, ""n¿Δn- I ev ] w, ""ncm- a bw F∂p߃ FØn-t®-cp∂ Xr{]-bm-dn¬ {iocmahn{K- ka¿∞n® Ejnt{]m‡-ßfpw km£m¬°-cn-°p-lhpw, Ccn-ßm-e-°p-S-bn¬ `cXhn{K-l-hpw, aqgn- amdv C∂pw hnizm-kn-I-fpsS a- n¬ Cf-°-an-°p- f Øv e£v a Whn{K- l - h pw, ]mb- Ω - e n¬ √msX ne-sIm-≈p-∂p ""Xr{]-bm‰p tXhcv F∂i{XpLv hn{K- l hpw {]Xn- j v T n- ® - X m- s W∂pw AXpey tZh-ssN-X-yw.BWv tI´p-tIƒhn. D]-tZh t£{X-߃Xr{]-bm‰v tXhcv tIc- f - Ø n¬ sshjv W h{]Xn- j v T - I ƒ {]m¥{]tZ- i - Ø p≈ hnizm- k n- I - s f√mw Bcy≥am-cpsS hc-thm-sS-bmWv D≠m-b-sX∂mWvAh- c psS kt¥m- j - Ø n- e pw, ZpxJ- Ø nepw Nne Ncn-{X-Im-c-∑m¿ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xv. ae-bmfHtct]mse Dd- s °- h n- f n- ° p∂ tZh- m- a - a mWv mSns‚ Hcp `mKØv henb ae-n-c-I-fpw, adp-`m-""Fs‚ Xr{]-bm‰v tXhsc F∂-Xv. B hnfn-bn¬ KØv kap-{Z-hpam-Wt√m? kap-{ZsØ Af-sa∂pwHcmdpw, XXv Ap-_-‘n-ÿn-X-mb tZhpw hnfn-°m-dp-≠v. ae-Iƒ°pw Af-߃°pw CS-bn-kphy-‡-am-Ip-∂p. tZh≥ AYhm tZhcv BWv ep≈ {]tZ-i-Ønv ae-bmfw F∂v hnfn-t∏-cp-≠m-]n∂oSv tXhcv BbXv F∂p-IqSn hy‡-am-Wv. bXv kzm`m-hn-Iw. ae-bm-f-m-´n¬ c≠v tZh-Xm-k-km[m-cW inh-{]-Xn-jvT-I-sf-bmWv tXhcv F∂p ¶ev]ß-em-Wv BZn-]p-cm-X--Im-eØv Bcm-[y-am-hnfn- ® p- t ]m- c p- ∂ - X v . F∂m¬ ChnsS tXhcv bn-cp-∂-Xv. H∂v tXhn-˛-A-Yhm tZhn F∂ k¶-NXp¿_m-lp-°-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb {io`q-an-k-ta-X-mb ev]hpw, as‰m∂v NmØmhv AYhm imkvXmhvsshjv W hcq]- Ø n- e m- W v . Cu t£{X- Ø nse F∂ k¶¬]-hpw. ae-tbm-c-hpw, ae-ap-Ifpw Bcm-aW¬Øcn apX¬ Xmgn-I-°pSw hsc-bp≈ ka- [-m-e-b-߃°mbn D]-tbm-Kn-®p-h-∂p. PemibkvXßfn-epw, lp-am≥ km∂n-≤y-ap-s≠∂v hnizm- - - kao-]-ßfpw ]pg-tbm-c-ßfpw AXp-t]mse Xs∂khpw ne- n¬°p- ∂ p. NXp¿_m- l p- ° - f n¬ Bcm-[-m-ÿm--߃°mbn D]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp-∂p. - 117 -
  • 10. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 e- I r- j v W - s ‚- X m- W v . (tKm- i m- e - I r- jvW≥). ""tImI-k-tμ-i-Øn¬ Xr{]- bm¿ t£{X- Ø nse {]Xn- j vTsb ""Iwkm- ¥ - I s‚ Bhm- k - t I{μw F∂mWv hnti-jn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. Xo¿®- bmbpw sshjv W h {]Xnjv T tIc- f - Øn¬ km[m-c-W-ambn S∂ kml-N- cy-Øn¬ AhnsS BZyw D≠m-bXv Cu tKm]m-eIrjvW t£{X-am-bn-cn-°p-sa∂v - tImI- k - t μ- i - Ø nse Cu ]cm- a¿iØn¬ n∂pw Duln-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p- ∂p. Npcp-°n-∏-d-™m¬ D]-tZ-h-Xm-ÿm- Øv Bcm-[n-®p-t]m-cp∂ imkvXm-hpw, tKm]m- e - I r- j v W pw ]q¿Δ- ÿ n- X - c m- sW∂v [cn-t°-≠-Xp-≠v. lp-am-pw, NmØpw lp-am≥ km∂n≤yw Cu t£{X- kt¶-X-Øn¬ aW¬Øcn apX¬ Xmgn- I- ° pSw hsc F√m- ‰ nepw nd- ™ p- n¬°p∂p F¶nepw a-kvImc aWvU- ]-Øn¬ kZm P]-Øn-mbn Ccn-°p∂p F∂mWv hnizm-kw. `K-h-XvZ¿i--Øn- s-Øp∂ `‡-∑m¿ _en-°¬]pc-bn- eqsS Z¿i- - Ø n- mbn AI- t Ø°p {]th-in-°p-tºmƒ {ioe-I-{]-Z-£n-W- tØm-sSm∏w aWvU-]hpw henb _en-AØ-c-Øn¬ BZn-a-Im-eØv Chn-sSbpw Bcm-[n- °√pw tN¿Øv {]Z-£nWw hbv°p-∂-XmWv k{º-®n-cp-∂-Xv imkvXm-hn-s-bmWv F∂v s]mXpsh Zm- b w. {ioe- I - Ø npw aWv U - ] - Ø npw CS-Hcp hnizm-k-ap-≠v. AXnv ]n≥_-e-ta-Im≥ Bdm- bn¬°qSn {]tXyI ka-b-ß-fn¬ hne-ßmbn IS-´p-]p-g-bn¬ S-°p∂ {]i-kvX-hpw, AXn-]p-cm-X- ∂p-t]m-Im≥ ]mSn√ F∂v njvI¿j-bp-≠v. ap≥Im--hp-amb ]qcw Xs∂-bm-Wv. AhnsS ]s¶-Sp-°p∂ eØv _en-°√v Cf-In-bn-cp-∂-Xmbpw, {io m-dm-tZh-k-¶-ev]-ß-sf√mw tZhn-am-cpw, imkvXm-°-∑m- WØp {`m¥s‚ n¿t±-im-p-k-cWw sNbvX Dd-cp-am-Wv. (Xr-{]-bm¿ tXh-sc∂ Cu sshjvWh ∏n-°-en-emWv AXns‚ Cf°w Xo¿∂-sX∂pw]d-ssNX- y- s am- g n- s I) Xr{]- b m- d n¬ sshjv W b-s∏-Sp-∂p. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ ChnsS tXh-sc-{]XnjvT S-°p-∂-Xn-p-apºv Hcp]t£ imkvXm- bpw, _en-°-√n-sbpw hμn-°p-∂p≠v F∂p-km-hns Bbn-cpt∂m Bdm-´p-]p-g-bn-te°p Fgp-∂- cw. lp-ams‚ thj-a-Wn™v S-Øp∂ AwKp-≈n-®n-cp-∂-Xv F∂pw Nn¥n-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. F¥m- en-bm¶w IqØv aWvU]Øn-emWv S-°p-∂Xv. Np‰- - - -bmepw ne-hn-ep≈ {][m {]Xn-jvT°p ap≥]p- º-e-Øns‚ hmXn¬amS-Øn¬ h®m-bn-cp-∂s{XXs∂ imkvXm-hns‚ t£{Xw ne-n-∂n-cp-∂p- BZyw IqØv S-∂n-cp-∂-Xv. IqØv ImWmpwsh∂ hnizm-k-Øn-mWv Gsd _ew. tIƒ°mpw Bcpw C√mØ Ah-ÿ-bn¬ hnj- Æ-mb NmIym-tcmSv ""Fs‚ ap∂n¬h∂v IqØv aXn¬°-I-Øp≈ as‰mcp t£{Xw tKm]m- S-Øn-s°m-≈mpw Fn°v ImW-W-sa∂pw - 119 -
  • 11. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011Acp-f]m-Sp-≠mbn F∂pw ]d-bp-∂p. F¥m-bmepw am-e-I-fpw, Iem-kmw-kv°m-cnI BtLm-j-ßfpwkZm-m-aP]n-cXmbn ncm-Im-c`m-hØn¬ lp- - - - - - - - S-∂p-h-cp-∂p-≠v. Xm{¥nI NS-ßp-Iƒ hana¬ssNXyw aWvU-]-Øn-ep-≠v F∂mWv hniz- Znhkw D®-Xn-cn™v ip≤n-tbmsS Bcw-`n-°pw.kn-®p-h-cp-∂-Xv. Zian Znhkw D®-Xn-cn™v imkvXm-hn-s-bm-Wv Xr{]-bm¿ t£{X-Øn¬ NmØ≥kzman-bpsS BZyw ]pd-tØ°v Fgp-s∂-≈n-°p-I. ]©-hm-Zyw,km∂n≤yw Gsd {]kn-≤-am-Wv. _m[m-Zn-tZmj tafw, F∂n-h-°p-tijw imkvXm-hns k‘y-]cn-lm-c-Ønv n¿t±-in-°-s∏-Sp-∂Xpw Xr{]-bm¿ tbmsS Xncn®v Fgp-s∂-≈n-°pw. XpS¿∂v Zi-an-t£{X-Øn¬ `WvUm-c-Øn¬ ka¿∏n-°m-m-Wv. the sIm´n-bn-d-°¬ F∂ Nßm-Wv. the sIm´n-{iotIm-hn-env tN¿∂v tkm]m--Øns‚ kao-]- b-dn-bn-®-Xn-p-tijw ho≠pw Zi-an-the°mbnØp≈ `WvUm-c-Øn¬ _m[m-Zn-Iƒ°v ]cn-lm-c- imkv X m- h ns Fgp- ∂ - ≈ n- ° p- I - b pw, XpS¿∂vambn `‡-P--߃ {Zhy-k-a¿∏Ww S-Øn-h-cp- imkvXm-hn-tm-sSm∏w tXh-sc-bpw-Iq´n Fgp-s∂-∂Xv ]Xn-hm-Wv. ]pd-Øp≈ Ah-Wn-b-ßm´v Ifcn ≈n-°pw. the-°p-tijw imkvXm-hn-s-bpw, tXh-XpS-ßnb NmØ≥ k¶-ev]-ap≈ hnjvWp-amb scbpw {ioe-I-ß-fn-te°v Xncn®v Fgp-s∂-≈n-°pw.t£{X-ß-fn¬ tImacwshfn-s]-Sp-∂-Xv Xr{]-bm¿ cm{Xn ]Xn-sm-∂p-a-Wn-tbmsS ho≠pw tXhsct£{X-Ønse D®-]qP Ign™v S-b-S-®-Xn-p-ti- kz¿Æ-tIm-e-Øn¬ Zian hnf-°n-s-gp-∂-≈n-°pw.j-amWv F∂Xv Gsd {it≤-b-am-Wv. `K-hms‚ hnf-°n-tm-S-p-_-‘n®v tafw Ign-™m¬ {ioe-S Xpd-∂n-cn-°p∂ kμ¿`-ß-fn-se√mw NmØs‚ I-tØ°v Xncn®v Fgp-∂-≈n-°p-∂-tXmsS Zi-an-km∂n≤yw Xr{]-bm¿ t£{X-Øn-emWv F∂v bpsS NS-ßp-Iƒ ]q¿Æ-am-Ipw. GIm-Zin Znhkwhniz-kn-®p- t]m-cp-∂p. n¿Ωmey Z¿i-w, Dj-]q-P, cmhn-esØ ]qP, ]¥o-cSn ]qP F∂n-h-°p-tijw ioth-en°v Fgp-nXy-n-Zm-ßfpw hnti-jßfpw - - ∂-≈n-°pw. ImesØ ioth-en°v ]©m-cn-ta-f-am- Hcp alm-t£-{X-Øns‚ F√m BNm-cn-jvT- - Wv. {]ikvX Iem-Im-c-∑mcpw, anI-hp‰ B-IfpwI-fpw Xr{]-bm¿ t£{X-Øn-ep-≠v. A©p-]q-P-I- ]s¶-Sp-°m-dp-≠v. iothen Ign™v Xncn-s®-gp-∂-fpw, aq∂p-io-th-en-bpw, h-I-hpw, kmbw-k-‘y- ≈n-®m¬ nXyX NS-ßp-Iƒ°p-tijw sshIp-°p≈ Zo]m-cm-[-bpw Nn´-{]-Imcw S-°p∂ t∂cw aq∂p-a-Wn-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bmWv ImgvN-io-th-k∂n-[n-bm-Wn-Xv. ImesØ ioth-en°pw cm{Xn en°v Fgp-∂-≈n-°p-I. {[phw taf-amWv Cu ioth-AØmgioth-en°pw B-∏p-dØv XnSºv Fgp-s∂- en-°v. ImgvNioth-en-°p-tijw Xncn-s®-gp-∂-≈n∏v≈n-°-W-sa∂v Nn´-bm-Wv. Nnß-Ønse Xncp-thm- Ign-™mWv Zo]m-cm-[-. cm{Xn AØmg]qP-°p-W-Øn-pw, taS hnjp-hn-pw, {]Xn-jvTm-Zn--Ønpw tijw GIm-Zin hnf-°n-s-gp-∂-≈n-°pw. B ka-hnti-jm¬ Fgp-s∂-≈n-∏p-≠v. {]Xn-jvTm-Zn-tØm-- bØv aXn-ev°-IØv Fgp-∂-≈n-®p-n¬°p∂ `K-S-p-_‘n®v {Zhy-Ieihpw S-∂p-hcp-∂p-≠v. I∂n- - - - - hms‚ ap∂n¬ ""ImWn-°-bn´p sXmg¬ hfscam-k-Ønse Xncp-thmWw mfn¬ sNΩm-∏n≈n {][m--ambn BN-cn®p hcp-∂p. tafw, ]©-hmZyw{]tZ-iØv {iocm-a≥ Nnd-sI´v F∂ NS-ßp-≠v. F∂nh Ign™v shfp-∏n-mWv {ioe-ItØ°v Fgp- -At∂ Znhkw t£{X-Ønse AØm-g-]qP apX- ∂-≈n-°p∂Xv. ZzmZin Znhkw ]pe¿s® hmXn¬em-bh k‘y-tbm-S-p-_-‘n®v SØn S-b-S- amS-Øn¬ ZzmZin ]Ww hbv°pI F∂ NS-ßp-bv°pw. Irjn Bh-iy-Øn-m-bp≈ Pew kw`-cn- ≠v. ZzmZin ka¿∏Ww kzoI-cn-°m≥ thZ-⁄-°p-∂ Nnd-sI-´nv `K-hms‚ km∂n-≤y-ap-≠m-hp∂p cmb {_m“-W-cpsS km∂n≤yw AhnsS D≠m-F∂mWv hnizm-kw. Im-dp-≠v. hr›nIamk-Ønse IrjvW-]-£-Ønse ao-am-k-Ønse aI-bncw apX¬ D{Xw IqSn-GIm-Z-in-bmWv {]kn-≤-amb Xr{]-bm¿ GIm-Z- bp≈ Znh-k-ß-fmWv ]qc-ambn BN-cn-°p-∂-Xv.in. GIm-Zin-tbm-Sp-_‘n®v `‡-PßfpsS hgn- - - - - - - tcmlnWn Znhkw D®-Xn-cn™v CtXm-S-p-_-‘n®v]m-Smbn Hcp amk-tØmfw o≠p-n¬°p∂ nd- ip≤n-Iƒ Bcw-`n-°pw. aI-bncw ]pd-∏m-Snp≈ - 121 -
  • 12. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011aplq¿Øw ap≥t]-Xs∂ tZisØ tPm’y-n¬ n∂pw ASn-b-¥ncw amcm-∑m¿ H∂nS-hn´v iwJvn∂pw Ipdn-®p-hm-ßn-bn-cn-°pw. I¿°n-SIw cmin- hnfn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°pw. Ings°°c-bnse Cu `K-bmWv ]pd-∏m-Sn-mbn n›-bn-°p-I. t£{X-Øns‚ hms B-∏p-d-t؉n B Znhkw Ducm-◊-°m-Ducm◊ ÿmn-Ifmb ⁄m-∏n-≈n, ]p∂-∏n-≈n, - cpsS C√-ß-fn-te°pw, Ip´≥Ipfw Bdm-´n-p-amWvtNeq¿ F∂o a-I-fnse Imc-W-h≥am¿ Ipfn®p Fgp-∂-≈n-∏v. ASpØ Znhkw D®-tbm-sS-bmWvh∂v t£{Xw {]Z-£nWw h®v aWvU-]-Øn-en- t£{X-Øn-te°v Xncn®v Fgp-∂-≈n-s®-Øp-I.cp∂v ta¬im-¥n°v Ap⁄ ¬In-b-Xn-p-ti- sshIp-t∂cw ho≠pw X{¥n C√-tØ°v Fgp-∂-j-amWv ]pd-∏m-Snv Fgp-∂-≈n-°m-p≈ hnf-°p- ≈n-®p-t]m-Ipw. F√m Znh-khpw D®-tbm-sS-bmWvh-bv°p-I. XpS¿∂v ]mWn-sIm´n {ioe-IØp-n∂pw - t£{X-Øn-te°v Xncn-s®-gp-∂≈p-I. A∂p sshIp- -aWvU]Øn-te°v Fgp-∂≈n®v hbv°pw. Cu Fgp- - - - t∂cw Zo]m-cm-[--s°m-∏w Xs∂ AØm-g-]q-P-s∂-≈n∏v hbv°p-∂-Xn-mWv n›n-X-ap-lq¿Øw bpw, AØmgioth-enbpw Ign-™ti-jamWv Bdm- - -Nm¿Øp-∂-Xv. XpS¿∂v {_m“-Wn-]m-´pw, aWvU- ´p-]pg Fgp-∂-≈n-∏n-mbn ]pd-s∏-Sp-I. ]≈n-tbm-]-Øn¬ ]dbpw. AXn-p-ti-j-amWv kz¿Æ-tIm- S-Øn¬ G‰n Ings° Ic-bn-seØn B-∏p-dØve-Øn¬ XnSºv B-∏p-dØv Fgp-∂-≈n-°p-∂-Xv. XnS- t º‰n ]pd- s ∏- S p- t ºmƒ t]meo- k ns‚]Sn-™msd tKm]pcw hgn IS∂v A©m-ItfmsS- - Km¿Uv˛Hm^v˛HmW¿ AS-°ap≈ Hu]-Nm-cnI BZ- -tkXp-Ip-fØn-se-Øn-bmWv aI-bncw Bdm-´v. Bdm- - c-ß-fp-ap-≠m-Ipw. AI-º-Sn-°m-cpw, hnhn[ hmZy-´n-p-tijw ]m≠n-ta-f-tØmsS k‘y-°p-ap≥]v tLm-j-ß-fp-ambn oßp∂ Fgps∂-≈n∏v Nnd-{]th-in-°-W-sa-∂mWv Nn´. Im´q¿]qcw, Ipd- °¬ F∂ ÿeØv, hgn-tbm-cØv Xo¿°p∂°≥Ipfw, Bdm-´v, sh∂n-°¬ Bdm´v, C√-ßfn¬ - Xm¬°m-enI aWvU-]-Øn¬ Cd°n Fgp-∂-≈n-]qcw F∂nh ]Sn-™msd Ic-bnse hnhn[ ÿe- °pw. Ahn-sS-n∂pw Bsb am‰n as‰m-cm-sbß-fn-emWv. A©mw mƒ Ings° Ic-bn-te°v ]pXnb Na-b-ß-f-Wn-bn®v AXns‚ ]pd-ØmWvFgp-∂≈n-°pw. ]≈n-tbm-SØn-emWv tImew Fgp- - - Fgp-∂-≈n®p oßp-I. sImSp-ß-√q¿, Xriq¿∂-≈n-®p-h-bv°p-I. Xrt°m¬ im¥n-°m-c-mWv tdmUp-ambn _‘n-°p∂ hgn-bn¬ Icp-a∂q¿ F∂-]≈n-tbmSw Xpg-bp-I. ]pg-bpsS Ccp-I-c-Ifn¬ ÿe-Øp-sh®v s]m≥tIm-e-Ønv aIpSw Nm¿Øn - 123 -
  • 13. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011]´p-IpS ]nSn-°pw. AXp-hsc Hme-°p-S-bmWv B- ∂≈pw. A∂p cm{Xn Ggp aWn-°p-X-s∂ D{Xw∏p-dØp ]nSn-°p-I. ]√n-t»cn F∂ ÿe-sØ- hnf-°nv ho≠pw Fgp-∂≈n-°pw. aI-bncw ]pd-∏m- -Øp-tºmƒ mev B-IƒIqSn AI-ºSn-°p-tN-cpw. - Snv XØp-ey-amb NS-ßp-IfmWv Cu Znh-khpw. - -Ahn-sS-n∂pw ]©-hm-Zy-tØm-Sp-IqSn Fgp-∂≈n®v - A©m-ItfmsS ]Sn-™msd tKm]p-cØnp ]pd- - - -oßp∂ tXhcv tNmXn--£{Xw D®-ÿ-am-hp- Øp-IS°p∂ tXhsc ]©-hm-Zy-Øns‚ AI-ºSn- - - -tºmƒ, AXm-bXv Dt±iw ]pe¿s® aq∂p-a-Wn- tbmsS tkXp-Ip-fØn-seØn Bdm-´n-p-tijw taf- -tbm-Sq-IqSn, ssIXhf∏v F∂ ÿmØv FØpw. tØmsS t£{XaXn¬°-ItØ°p Fgp-∂≈n-°pw. - -AhnsS tXh-sc-Øp-tºmƒ IXn--sh-Sn-Iƒ apg- aXn¬°-IØv Ggm-ItfmsSbp≈ hnf-°ns‚ NS- - -ßpw. Cu ka-b-ØmWv Duc-Iw, tN¿∏v t£{X- ßp- I - f m- W v . hnf- ° m- N m- c w- sIm´n∏mSn tkh,ß-fn¬ n∂v tZhn-amsc Fgp-∂-≈n®v ]pd-s∏Smdp- CSbv°m {]Z-£nWw F∂n-ßs XpS-ßp∂ NS-≈-Xv. CS-Xp-`m-KØv Duc-I-Ø-Ω-Xn-cp-h-Snbpw, he- ßp-Iƒ°p-tijw {ioe-ItØ°v Xncn-s®-gp-∂≈p- - -Xp-`m-KØv tN¿∏n¬ `K-h-Xn-bp-ambn Iq´n Fgp-∂- ∂-tXm-sS-bmWv ]qc-Øns‚ NS-ßp-Iƒ ]q¿Æam-≈n-°p-∂XmWv {]ivXamb Bdm-´p-]pg ]qc-Øns‚ - - Ip-∂Xv. -]c-a-{]-[m-hpw `‡n-km-{μ-hp-amb NSßv. Bdm- taS-am-k-Ønse ]pW¿Xw £-{X-amWv´p-]pg aμmcw IS-hnse Bdm-´pw, imkvXm-hp-ambn Ct∏mƒ {]Xn-jvTm-Zn--ambn BN-cn-°p-∂-Xv. ]¥o-D]-Nmcw (Hm-Nm-cw) ¬In ]ncn-bepw Gsd lrZy- cm- ≠ p- I ƒ ap≥]p- - S ∂ ho- I - c WIe- i sØam-Wv. ASpØ h¿j-sØ-∏qcw B ka-bØmWv - Bkv]-Z-s∏-Sp-Øn-bmWv {]Xn-jvTm-Znw Ct∏mƒhnfn-®-dn-bn-°p-I. Xncn-s®-gp-∂-≈p∂ tXhcv Nnd- BN-cn-®p-t]m-cp-∂-Xv. ip≤n, {Zhy-I-e-iw, Fgp-∂-°¬ sh≠vdt»cn inh t£{X-Øn¬ ´p-®tbm- - - ≈n- ∏ v, nd- a me F∂n- ß - s - b mWv {]Xn-sS-bmWv FØn-t®-cp-I. Fgp-∂≈n-∏ns Ap-K- - jvTmZnmNcWw S-°p-∂-Xv.an-°p∂ F√m-h¿°pw AhnsS tZh-kzw- hI I™n-bpw, ]pgp-°pw, sh∂n-bp-sams° Hcp°n-bn-cn-°pw. I¿°n-SI amk-Øn-emWv nd-bpw, ]pØ-cn-AhnsS n∂pw Fgp-∂-≈n-®p-t]m-cp∂ tXhcv bpw, CXn-p≈ aplq¿Ø-ßfpw tZisØ tPm’y-sshIp-t∂-ctØmsS t£{X-Øn-te°v Xncn®v Fgp- - mWv Ipdn-°p-I. - 125 -
  • 14. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011hgn-]mSv AXp-t]mse Xs∂ kt¥m-j-Ønepw {]m¿∞- ChnsS G‰hpw {][mw shSn hgn-]m-Sm- m-]q¿Δw ka¿∏n-°p-∂-XmWv Xr{]-bm¿ t£{X-Wv. Ahn¬, ]mbkw F∂n-hbpw If`wNm¿Øpw Ønse shSnhgn-]m-Sv.ao∂p-´p-sams° {]m[m-y-ap≈ hgn-]m-Sp-I-fm-Wv. kwt£]wAhn¬ nthZyw lp-am-p≈ ka¿∏WambmWv ΩpsS t£{X-ß-fn¬ D≈Xv sshhn-[y-hniz-kn-®p-t]m-cp-∂-Xv. nb-a-shSn F∂ {]tXy-I-am-sbmcp k{º-Zmbw Xs∂ ChnsS D≠v. shfp- am¿∂ BNm-cßfpw, Ap-jvTm-ßfpamWv. Gsd - - -∏nv aq∂paWn°pw kmbw-k-‘y-°p-amWv nb-a- {i≤m-]q¿Δw ho£n-®m¬ IuXp-I-ap-W¿Øp∂sh-Sn-Iƒ. CXn-mbn hen--∏-ta-dnb IXn--Iƒ Cu njvT-I-fn¬ ]c-a-amb H∂p ImWm≥ ap°vXs∂ D≠v. ]g-b-Im-eØv aZn-cmin kwÿm-- Ign- b pw. CsX√mw ∑- b psS am¿§- ß - f m- W v .Øns‚ `mK-am-bn-cp∂ ae-_m¿ {]tZ-iØv shSn- ChnsS ka¿∏-W-amWv apJy-amb hnj-bw. a-acp∂v Dev]m-Zn-∏n-°m-p≈ XXp ssek≥kp-  p-sIm-≠v, hb- p-sIm-≠v, I¿Ωw-sIm≠v, _p≤n-t]mepw Xr{]-bm¿ tZh-kz-Øn-p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. sIm≠v k¿Δhpw ka¿∏n- ° m- p≈ Hcp XzcHcn°¬ Xr{]-bm¿ kμ¿i--Øn-s-Ønb Hcp ChnsS ImWmw. IdpI]p√p apX¬ Im©w hsc-kmbv∏v s]Sp-∂s s]m´nb shSn-bpsS i_vZw bp≈ {]Ir-Xn-ZØ hn`-h-ß-fn¬ Bhm-ln-s®-Sp-tI´v sR´p-Ibpw B IXn--Iƒ FSpØp sh≈- °p∂ ssNX-ysØ X∂n-te-°pw, XZzmc hn{K-Øn-en-Sm≥ B⁄m-]n-®-Xm-bpw, sh≈-Øn¬ InS- l-Øn-te-°p-ambn Cuizc {]Xo-I-ambn {]Xn-jvTn-∂p-s]m-´n-b IXn Xncn®p Ic-bn-te°p sXdn-®p- °p-tºmƒ mw a- n-em-t°-≠-Xv H∂mWv. {]Ir-ho-W-Xmbpw Hcp m´p-I-Y-bp-≠v. ap≥Im-eØp Xn-bmWv Cuiz-c-s∂ kXyw. ChnsS mw B¿P-shSn-bq´p apX¬]nSn Fs∂mcp XkvXnI Xs∂ Pn-°p∂ ku`m-Ky-ßsfm∂pwXs∂ Ωp-sS-X-√.tZh-kz-Øn¬ D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. cm{Xnbpw ]Iepw kzbw Pohn-°p-Ibpw AtXm-sSm∏w a‰p≈ ka-GXp ka- b Øpw shSn- h - g n- ] m- S n- mbn `‡¿ kv X - ß - s fbpw Pohn- ° m- pw, ne- n¬°mpwh∂m¬ S- Ø n- s °m- S p- ° p- ∂ - X nv shSn- b q´p Ap-h-Zn-°p-Ibpw sNø-Ww. kvtl-`m-hhpwapX¬]nSn- t£-{X-Øn¬ Xs∂ Xma-kn-°Wsa∂v - - ka¿∏W a- p-amWv ap-jy-p-≠m-tI-≠-Xv.n¿_-‘-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Hcp shSn-h-bv]p-Im-cpw AXmIWw ΩpsS Cuiz-cm-cm-[-. AXmWv D]-kZm-kabw t£{X-Øn¬ D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. shSn hgn- - n-j-Øp-°-fpw, thZ-ßfpw tΩmSv ]d-bp-∂-Xv.]mSphgn- h - c p∂ hcp- a m- - Ø ns‚ an®w- s Im≠vt£{X-Øn¬ ntXy Du´p--S-Ømpw A∂v ""Cuimhm-ky-anZw k¿Δwkwhn-[m--ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂-s{X. GXp ZpxJ-Ønepw ""CZw aa tImc-ºØv tKm]n-m-Y≥ : sIm®n≥ tZhkzw t_m¿Unse Hm^o-k-dmbn 15 sIm√-tØmfw Xr{]- b m¿ {iocm- a - k zman t£{X- Ø n¬ tkh- - a - p- j v T n- ® n- ´ p- ≠ v . 22 h¿j- ß ƒ°v ap≥]v IS-h-√q¿ Atymw ]p-cm-cw-`n-®-Xnv Atym ]cn-jXv ""thZ-_‘p ]pc-kv°mcw ¬In BZ-cn-®n-´p-≠v. Ct∏mƒ s]cp-hw kwkvIrXn t£{Xw F∂ IemkmwkvIm-cnI tI{μ-Øns‚ {]kn-U‚m-Wv. DucIØv IpSpw-_-tØm-sSm∏w ÿnc-Xm-a-kw.87654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543218765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432187654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 t£{X ho-I-cW b⁄ ]¶m-fnØ ^e-{ipXn876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543218765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432187654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543218765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432187654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 t£{X n¿ΩmW {]h¿Ø--ß-fn¬ [-k-a¿∏Ww S-Øn-bm¬87654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543218765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432187654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 Ign™ Ggv P∑-ß-fn-tebpw hcp∂ Ggp-P-∑-ß-fn-tebpw ]m]w C√m-876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543218765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432187654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 Xm-Ip-sa∂v sshjvWh kwln-X-Iƒ ]d-bp-∂p.876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543218765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432187654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 - 127 -
  • 15. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 `c-tXm-’hw C.-sI. tIi-h≥ ºq-Xncn DXv°¿j-Øn-te-°p≈ {]bm-W-amWv D’- henb _en-°¬]p-cbpw, 2 ne-bn¬ hrØm-Im-hw. t£{X-am-Ip∂ ]m{X-Øn¬ Xm{¥nI ˛ Xm{¥n- c-Øn-ep≈ _rl-Ømb {iotIm-hnepw, hnkvXr-tI-Xc {Inb-I-fm¬ ]q¿Æ-X-bp-≠m°n ssNX-y- X-amb a¨U-]hpw, 2 hnim-e-amb S-∏p-c-IfpwØm¬n-d-°p-∂-XmWv t£t{Xm-’-hw. `mc-X- mSy-e-£-W-samØ IqØ-º-ehpw Dƒs°m-≈p-Ønse Ejo-iz-c-∑m¿ km[m-c-W-°m¿°mbn sXc- ∂p. ]tØ-°-dn-te-sd-bp≈ t£{X-`q-an-bn¬ aq∂n-s™-SpØ B≤ym-flnI ]≤-Xn- sem∂v `mKØv ÿnXn- s N-bm-Wn-Xv. Ccn-ßm-e-°p-S-bpsS øp∂ Iqeo-]nn Xo¿∞-°p-f-kwkvIr-X-Øn-ep≈ ma-amWv Øn¬ n∂mWv t£{Xm-h-iy-kwK-a-{Km-aw. h-hm-k-a-p-jvTn- ߃°p≈ Pew FSp-°p-∂-°p∂ {iocm-as‚ Ap-P≥ `c- Xv. mep-ssI-Ifpw he-Xp-I-X≥ ]mZp-I]qP sNbvXv μn-{Km- - øn¬ tImZ-WvUphpw, c≠m-a- Ø n¬ k∂ym- k - X p- e y- a mb asØ he-Xp-I-øn¬ A`-b-ap-PohnXw bn-°p-∂Xv cmam-b-W- {Zm- ¶ n- X hpw Db¿Øn- ∏ n- S n®vØn¬ h¿Æn-®n-´p-≠t√m? B CS- X p- I - ø n¬ N{Ihpw XpS-μn-{Km-a-amWv Cc-ßm-e-°p-S- tbmSv tN¿Øp-sh-®n-cn-°p-∂-sb∂pw kwK- a - { Km- a - s a∂pw Xn¬ iwJpw, ]ns∂ ac-X-I-kwK-ta-i`q-an-sb∂pw Adn-bs∏- - - ∏- X - ° hpw s]m≥am- e - I fpwSp-∂-Xv. tIc-f-Ønse ]Øv ]≤- AWn™ ico-chpw, PSm-`m-Xn-t£-{X-ß-fmb hnjvWp-t£- c- Ø nv apI- f n- e qsS AWn-{X-ßfn¬ F¥p-sIm≠v tm°n- - ™n- c n- ° p∂ Xma- c -bmepw {]ap-J-ÿmw Ae-¶-cn- amebpambn-´mWv BdSn Db-°p∂ {ioIp- S ¬am- W nIy c-ap≈ IqS¬am-Wn-Iy-kzm-an-t£{Xw tIc-f-Øns‚ Xne-I- bpsS inem-hn-{K-lw. D]-tZ-h-°p-dn-bm-Wv. 14 h¿jsØ h- X- I - f n- √ mØ Cu t£{X-hm-k-Øn-p-tijw Xncn®ph-tc≠ tPyjvTs Øn¬ Xma- c - b pw sX®nbpw Xpf- k n- b pamWvImWm™v A·n-{]-th-i-Øn-sm-cp-ßp∂ `c-X≥ ]qPm]pjv]߃. A`ojvSkn-≤n°v Xma-cam-ebpw - -{iocm-as‚ BK-a hm¿Ø lp-am-m¬ Adn™v DZ-c-tcm-K-Ønv hgp-X-ßm nth-Zyhpw ChnsSk¥pjvSNnØ-mbn hncm-Pn-°p∂ Ah-ÿbmWv- {][m--a-s{X. Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ cmPm-hns‚ {]Xn-Chn-SpsØ tZh-{]-Xn-jvT. ]p-cp-j-mb X®p-S-b-ssI-a-fm-bn-cp∂p. Ime-ß- sIm√-h¿jw 941-˛¬ sIm®n-cmPyw `cn-®n- tfmfw IqS¬am-WnIyw tZh-kz-Øns‚ `c-Wm-[n-cp∂ i‡≥ Xºp- c m- mWv C∂p- I m- W p∂ Im-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂-Xv.IqS¬amWnIyw D’hw cq]-s∏-Sp-Øn-sb-Sp-Ø- `c-tXm-’hwsX∂v {]ikvX kmln-Xy-Im-c-mb ]ptØ-g-Øp-cm-a≥ tatm≥ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. {]mNo IqS¬am- W nIyw t£t{Xm- ’ - h - Ø nvtIc-f-Ønse 32 alm-{Km-a-ß-fn¬ H∂mb Cc-ßm- sshhn-[y-ap-≈Xpw {Inbm-k-ºp-jvS-hp-amb Ht´sde-°p-S-bnse Cu alm-t£{Xw AXn-hn-im-e-amb Xm{¥nI NS-ßp-I-fm-Wp-≈-Xv. ]≤Xn t£{X-ß-aXn¬°-Ihpw, Kw`o-c-ß-fmb 2 me-º-e-ßfpw, fn¬ {]map- J y- a p- ≈ - X p- s Im≠pw tIc- f - Ø nse - 129 -
  • 16. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 ∂p. 40tesd B-IfpsS Fgp- - ∂-≈n∏v Chn-SpsØ {]uV- Kw- ` o- c - a mb D’- h - Ø nv D≠m-bn-´p-≈-Xmbpw ]d-bp- ∂p. s‰n- ∏ - ´ - a - W n™ 21 B- I sf Fgp- ∂ - ≈ n- ® n- ´ p- ≈Xv I≠- h - c n- ∂ p- a p- ≠ v. Ingt° S-∏p-c-°¬ s‰n-∏- ´- a - W n™ 21 B- I sf sXt°m- ´ - ` n- a p- J - a mbpw 21 B- I sf sX°v `mKØv n∂pw hS-t°m-´`n-ap-Jambpw - - apΩq∂v B- I sf Ing°v n∂v ]Sn-™m-´p-`n-ap-J-ambpw Xncn®pw Fgp-∂p-≈n-®-Xmbn ]g- a - ° m¿ ]d- b m- d p- ≠ v.Xm{¥nI IpSpw-_-ß-fpsS BZn-cq-]-sa∂v hnti- CXn¬ 27 B-Iƒt° s‰n-∏-´-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-≈q-jn-∏n-°m-hp-∂-Xp-amb "Xc-W-s-√q¿ IpSpw-_- h-t{X. 4 `mKØpw B-I-fm¬ Np‰-s∏-´-n-e-bn¬Øns‚ tI{μ-am-b-Xp-sIm-≠m-bn-cn°mw Cu khn- Sp°v hmZy-°mcpw tafm-kzm-ZIcpw! sImSn-∏p-dØv -ti-jXIƒ. 6 X{¥n IpSpw-_߃°mWv IqS¬am- - - - hnf-°nv `K-hm≥ ]pd-tØ-s°-gp-∂≈∂Xv kz¥w - -Wn-Iy-Ønse X{¥-Øn--h-Im-iw. shfp-tØ-SØv B-∏p-d-Øm-bn-cn-°-Ww F∂ BNmcw C∂pw]Sn-™msd a, sSp-ºn-≈n, sX°n-n-b-Øv, InS- I¿i- - a mbn ]men- ® p- t ]m- c p- ∂ p. `mc- X - Ø nseß- t »cn XpS- ß nb Xc- W - s - √ q¿ hn`mK- h pw, Xs∂ G‰hpw henb KP-ho-c≥am-cn-sem-∂mbAWn-aw-K-ew, K-c-aÆv XpS-ßn-b-h¿°pw taS-am- henb chn, Ih-f-∏md sImº≥am¿, sNß-∂q-k-Ønse D{Xw mfn¬ sImSn-I-bdn Xncp-thmWw cnse KP-cm-P≥, Inc-ßm-´p-tI-i-h≥, AI-hq¿Bdm-´mbn 11 Znh-ksØ D’-h-amWv IqS¬am- tKmhn-μ≥, a∂m-Sn-bm-cpsS B, IqS-em-‰p-]p-dw,WnIyw t£{X-Øn¬ S-°p-∂-Xv. ]-a-, Kpcp-hm-bq¿ tIi-h≥, Xncp-h-ºmSn N{μ- ti-J-c≥, sX®n-t°m´v Imhv cma-N-{μ≥, ]mºmSnB-s∏-cp-a-bp-sS D’hw cmP≥, Ip´≥Ip-f-ßc A¿÷p-≥, awK-emw-Ip∂v sImSn-tb-‰-Øns‚ ]nt‰∂v D®-sXm´v Xe- Aø-∏≥, Xncp-h-ºmSn inh-kp-μ¿ XpSßn ]g-s∏m-°-ap≈ KP-ho-c-∑m¿ Hmtcm-cp-Ø-cmbn Ccn- bXpw ]pXn-b-Xp-amb Xe-ap-d-bn¬s∏´ KP-ho-c-∑m-ßm-e-°p-S-bn-se-Øn-Xp-S-ßp-∂Xv Xs∂ atm-l- cmWv Ccn-ßm-e-°pS D’-h-Ønv ]s¶-Sp-°m-dp-c-amb ImgvN-bm-Wv. Xriq¿, ]me-°mSv Pn√-I-fn¬ ≈-Xv. XnS-tº-‰p∂ KP-cm-Ps‚ Xe-s°-´p-am-{X-a-S-°p∂ ]qc-߃°v ]s¶-Sp-°p∂ B-Iƒ ]qc- √, tIme-hpw, IpSbpw sh©m-a-chpw Xn kz¿Æ-Zn-hkw am{Xta m´n¬ D≠m-Iq. Ccn-ßm-e-°pS Øn¬Øs∂ n¿Ωn-®-Xm-Wv. kz¿Æ-Ø-In-Sp-IƒD’- h - Ø nv ]Øv Znh- k hpw {]uVn- t bmsS ]Xn® tIme-Øns‚ aIp-Shpw hn√o-kns‚ IpS-n¬°p∂ Cu KP-ho-c-∑m¿ ]´-W-Ønepw kao- bnse aIp-Shpw ioe-bpsS Xpºp-I-fnse sNdnb]-{Km-a-{]-tZ-i-ß-fnepw Bthiw hnXdn hnl-cn- h´- ß fpw sh©m- a - c - Ø ns‚ ]nSnbpw kz¿Æ-°p∂ ImgvN H∂p thsdXs∂-bm-Wv. B-s∏-cp- Ønepw Be-h´Øns‚ ]nSn sh≈nbnepw Xo¿Ø- - -a-bpsS D’-hamWv IqS¬amWnIyw D’-hw. ]≠v - Xm-Wv. ]≠v XnS-tº-‰p∂ B-°p≈ IpS-bpsSImeØv IqS¬am-WnIyw tZh-kz-Ønv kz¥-ambn ioe ]®-n-d-Øn-ep-≈Xpw c≠-‰-Øp≈ B-21 B-Iƒ hsc-bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v ]d-b-s∏-Sp- Iƒ°v a™-°p-Sbpw _m°n-bp-≈-h°v ISpw-Np- - 130 -
  • 17. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011h∏v IpS-bp-a-t{X. C∂v AXn-sems° am‰-߃ 17 B-Iƒ H‰hcn-bn¬ Ingt° S-∏p-c-bn-te°vh∂n-´p-≠v. XnS-tº-‰p∂ B-bpsS {]m[myw ]cn- t]mIp∂ ImgvN tm°n-bm¬ Xo¿∞-Ip-f-Øn¬K-Wn-®v, sXm´v Aip-≤-am-°m-Xn-cn-°m-s{X 2 CXns‚ {]Xn-^-ew ImWmw. Xriq¿ ]qc-Øns‚`mKØpw Ip´n-bm--Iƒ (D-≈m-) Nph∂ {]X-e- sXt°m-´n-d°hpw Kpcp-hm-bq-cn¬ Kpcp-hm-bq¿ tIi- -Øn¬ kz¿Æw ]Xn® sNdnb Xe-s°-´p-I-tf¥n hs‚ {]Xn-asb KP-cmP]n≥Km-an-Iƒ h¿j-Øn-Fgp- ∂ - ≈ n- ∏ n¬ tNcp∂Xv . IqS¬am- W nIyw sem-cn-°¬ A`n-hmZyw sNbvXv {]Z-£nWw sh®vt£{X-Øns‚ aXn¬°-IsØ hnkvXr-Xnbpw ]n≥hm-ßp∂ Aym-Zr-iy-amb Imgv®bpw Ccn-ßm-Ing°pw ]Sn-™m-dp-ap≈ hnim-eamb S-∏p-cIfpw - - e-°p-S-bnse Xo¿∞-°c sNº-S°v nc-n-c-bmbnsXt° `mKsØ ]p¬ssa-Xm-hpw C{X-b-[nIw aμw aμw oßp∂ KP-ho-c∑mcpsS ImgvNbpwB-I-fpsS Iq´n-sb-gp-∂-≈n-∏nv hfsc tbmPn-®- h√m-sØm-c-p-`q-Xn-bm-Wv.Xm-Wv. 2 XqWp-I-fpsS CS°v 2 B-Iƒ hoXw taf-I-e-bpsS D’hwHcp {]tXyI AIew ]men®v sIm≠v n¬°p∂kº- Z mbw S- ∏ p- c - I - f n¬ Fgp- ∂ p- ≈ n- ∏ ns‚ Ccn-ßm-e°pS D’hw taf-IebpsS D’hw - - -BI¿j-IXzw h¿≤n-∏n-°p-∂p. sX°v hiØv Fgp- IqSn-bm-Wv. ]©m-cn-tafw ]nd∂v hoW a≤y-tI-c- f- Ø n¬ AXns ]n®- sh®p hf¿Øn- b - X n¬ IqS¬am-Wn°yw t£t{Xm-’-h-Øn-p≈ ]¶v sNdp-X-√. taf-Ønv cq]- I - e v] sNbvX BNm-cy-]cºcbnse ]g- - - - - b- X - e - a p- d - b n¬s∏- ´ - h ¿ apX¬°n-tßm-´p≈ {]K- ¤-ta-f-I-em-Im- c≥amscms° Chn-SsØ taf- ß ƒ°v {]am- W n- amcpw ]¶m-fn-I-fp-am-bn-´p- ≠v. 17 KP-ho-c-∑m-cpsS∂-≈n∏v FØp∂ ka-b-Øn¶¬ tcsØ ]pd- AI-º-Sn-tbmsS `K-hms‚ BZysØ Fgp-∂-≈n-tØ°v tI´p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ taf-Øns‚ i_vZ- ∏nv Ipg¬, sImºv, a±fw ]‰p-Iƒ°v tijw ]©m-hn-ym-kØnv am‰w hcp-∂p-≠v. S-∏p-cIfn¬ taf- - - - cn-bpsS t¿t°m¬ hogpw. taf-Øns‚ ]Xn-ImewØns‚ i_vZw Hcp hiØv B-I-fmepw apI- Ingt° S-bnepw c≠mw-Imew IqØ-º-e-Ønvfn¬ ta¬°q-c-bmepw AS-°-s∏´v n¬°p-tºmƒ, sX°pw aq∂mw Imew sXt° tKm]p-c-S-h-gn-sX°v Xpd∂ ssaXm-Øv taf-hn-ymkw as‰mcp bnepw memwImew sX°v ]Sn-™m-sd-`m-K-Øp≈Xc-Øn-em-Ip-∂p. ]Sn-™msd S-∏p-c-bn¬ tafw Iøm-Wn-h-gn-bnepw A©mw-Imew ]Sn-™m-sd--S-Iem-in®v Xo¿∞-°c sNº-S°v KP-ho-c≥am¿ ∏p-c-bn-ep-am-bn-´mWv ChnsS ]≠v Ac-tß-dn-bn-cp-Hmtcm-cp-Ø-cmbn AWn-tN¿∂v S-°p∂ ImgvN ∂-Xv. Ime-Øns‚ am‰ƒ°-p-k-cn®v Nne hyXym-H∂p thsd-Ø-s∂-bm-Wv. t£{X-Øns‚ aq∂n- k- ß - s fms° h∂n- ´ p- s ≠- ¶ nepw ]Xn- I mewsem∂v `mK-Øp≈ Ipeo-hnn Xo¿∞-°p-f-Øns‚ Ingt° S-∏p-c-bnepw 5˛mw Imew ]Sn-™msd S-Hmc-ØqsS Hcm-°v S-°m-p≈ IrXy-amb Af- ∏p-c-bn-ep-am-bn-´mWv Ct∏mgpw sIm´n-Øo¿°p-∂-hn-ep≈ S-∏m-X-bn-eqsS hepXpw sNdp-Xp-amb Xv. ]©mcn kam-]n-®m¬ AS-¥-bn¬ hI-s°m´n - 131 -
  • 18. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011sNº- S - s Im- ´ n- ° - e m- i n- ° p∂]gb coXn-bn¬ n∂pw hyXy-kvX-ambn tcn´v sNº-S-bn¬hI-sIm-´p-∂Xm-Wv Ct∏m-gsØ -ssien. ]Sn-™msd S-∏p-c-bn¬ 5˛mw Imew B¿Øn-cºnIem-i-Øn-e-a¿∂-tijwXo¿∞- I c sNºSamcm≥am¿°v hy‡nsshKv≤yw {]I-Sn-∏n-°m-p≈thZn-bmbn amdp-∂p. taf-Øns‚Iq´n- ° n- s °m- ´ - e n¬ n∂pwXmb- º I D¤- h n- ® - t ]mseXo¿∞-°q-f-tafw taf-I-em-Im-cs‚ GIm-Zn-b {]I-S--th-Zn-bmbn amdp-∂p. Ingt° S-∏p-c-bn-te°v Iq´n-sb-gp-∂-≈n∏vXncn®v hcp-∂-tXmsS sNºS sIm´n-I-em-in-°pw. A∏p-am-cm¿, XpSßn {]K-¤¿ XpS-ßn-b-h¿ ]©-cm{Xn hnf-°nv Iq´n-sb-gp-∂-≈n∏v taf-Ønv hm-Zy-Ønv ChnsS h∂n-´p-s≠-¶nepw Ccn-ßm-e-tijw ]©-hm-Zy-k-am--amb Hcp CS-°m-{]-Z-£n- °p- S - b psS ]©m- c n- { ]- k n- ≤ n°v apºn¬ AhWhpw XpS¿∂v H‰-s®-≠bpw mZ-kz-c-tØm-Sp-Iq- njv{]-`am-Ip-IbmWv ]Xn-hv. 2010-se D’-hØns‚ - -Sn-b-Xp-amb 2 {]Z-£n-Whpw S-°pw. cmhnse taf-{]-amWn s]cp-hw Ip´≥am-cmcmbn-cp-∂p. 89iothen Fgp-∂-≈n-∏nv ]pd-tØ-s°-gp-∂p-≈n- hb- ns‚ nd-hnepw hmZy-{]-K-¤≥ Xrt∏-°pfw®m¬ 5˛masØ {]Z-£n-W-Øn-mWv tafhpw Iq´n- A®p-X-am-cm¿ BZy-io-th-en°v {]am-Wn-®Xv tafsb-gp-∂-≈n-∏pw. XpS¿∂v AI-tØ-s°-gp-∂-≈n- t{]an-Isf B-μ-e-l-cn-bn-em-dm-Sn-®p. Ccp-]-Øn-°pw. s]cp-h-w, Xr∏q-Wn-Øp-d, Bdm-´p-]p-g, FS- c-t≠mfw Ipg-a-dn-b¬, Iem-i-߃sIm-≠mWv°p-∂n, Ip´-s-√q¿, Kpcp-hm-bq¿ XpSßn ]©m-cn- ]©m-cn-bpsS A©m-Im-e-Øns‚ mZ-{]-]©wtafw ]qØp-e™m-Sp∂ {]ap-Jÿe߃s°m∏w - - - - Xrt∏-°pfw {]mbw Icp-Øm°n Xo¿Ø-Xv. D’-Xs∂-bmWv Ccn-ßm-e-°p-S-bp-tSbpw ÿmw. h- t a- f - Ø n≥sc kzm[o- hpw DÆm- b n- h m- c y¿]pXnb Xe- a p- d - b n- s e {]K- ¤ - c mb s]cp- h w kvamcI Iem-n-e-bhpw hnhn[ kmwkv°m-cnIIp´≥am-cm¿, kXo-i≥, sNdp-t»-cn-Ip-´≥ XpS-ßn- kwL-S--I-fp-tSbpw nd™ km∂n-≤yhpw aqewb- h ¿°mWv Ct∏m¬ {]am- W w. Bth- i - Ø n- Ccn-ßm-e°p-Sbn¬ C∂pw qdn-SpØv hnZym¿∞n- - - -an¿∏n¬ Ic-߃ BIm-itØ-s°-dn™v aXn-ad∂v - - Iƒ sN≠-]-T--Øn-ep-≠v. ck-I-c-amb ImcywXp≈p-∂-Xn-ep-]cn IrXy-ambn taf-Ønv Xmfw GsX-¶nepw Hcp hmZy-Øns‚ i_vZw Ccn-ßm-e-]nSn-°p∂ Bkzm-Z-Icpw Chn-SsØ taf-s∏-cp-a°v °pS t£{X kao-]Øv nt∂m AIØv nt∂mImc-W-°m-cm-Wv. hen-b-hn-f-°n-s‚-b∂v cm{Xn- Ft∏mgpw apg-ßn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-sa-∂p-≈-Xm-Wv.bnepw ]≈n-th´ ioth-en-°p-amWv G‰hpw Kw`o- t£{X- Ø n¬ n∂v sN≠- t bm, CS- ° tbmchpw kab ssZ¿Ly-hp-amb taf-߃ Ac-tß- angmthm Iem-n-e-b-Øn¬ n∂v IY-Ifn hmZy-dp-I. ]≈n-th-´°pw Bdm-´npw cm{Xn 5 A-I- ßtfm AΩ-∂q¿ NmIym¿ Kpcp-Ip-e-Øn¬ n∂vtfmSv IqSnb Fgp- ∂ - ≈ n- ∏ nv ]©- h m- Z yhpw angmthm Hs°-bm-bn-´mWv Cßs hmZy-i_vZwXpS¿∂v ]m≠n-ta-fhpw D≠m-Im-dp-≠v. ]√m-hq¿ an°-hmdpw apg-ßp-∂-Xv. - 132 -
  • 19. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 cm{Xn Ac-ßp-I-fmbn amdn-bn-´p-≠v. 2˛mw D’-h- Znw apX¬ cm{Xn hnf-s°-gp-∂-≈n-∏ns‚ ]m©m- cn-tafw ]Sn-™msd S-∏p-c-bn¬ Ah-km-n-®m¬ IY-I-fn°v kvs]j¬ ]¥-en¬ hnf°v sImfp- Øpw. tIc-fØns‚ imIp-¥fsa-∂dn-bs∏-Sp∂ f- - - - - - N-cnXw 4 Znh-k-ß-fnse GsX-¶nepw Hcp IY F√m- h ¿jhpw D’- h - Ø nv Ah- X - c n- ∏ n- ° pw. 2010se D’-h-Ønv 4 Znh-khpw f-N-cn-tXm-’- h-ambn Ah-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏´p hen-b-hn-f-°n‚-b∂v {iocm-a-]-´m-`n-tjIw IY-I-fn-bmWv ChnsS Ime- ß-fmbn Ah-X-cn-∏n®v hcp-∂-Xv. IqS¬am-WnIyw t£{Xhpw Ccn-ßm-e-°p-Sbpw IY-I-fnsb ne- n¿Ømpw t{]m’m-ln-∏n-°mpw sNbvX tkh- -ßsf F{X ]d-™mepw aXn-bm-hn-√. 1955¬ ÿm]n-Xamb DÆm-bn-hm-cy¿ kvamcI Iem-n-ebw - ÿnXn-sN-øp-∂Xv IqS¬am-Wn°yw tZhkzw kuP- y-ambn ¬Inb `qan-bn-em-Wv. Bcw-`Øn¬ {]Xn- - amkw 150 cq] {Km‚pw ]Sn-™msd Du´p-]p-cbpw CXn-mbn tZhkzw Ap-hZn-®n-cp-∂p. Ign™ 5 - h¿j- ß - f mbn kZw Irjv W ≥Ip- ´ n- b m- i m≥ tXrXzw ¬Ip∂ mSy-kZamWv sImSn∏pdsØ - - - hnf-°nv hgn-]m-Smbn IY-Ifn S-Øp-∂Xv. - cmhnse iothen Ign-™m¬ Xte-s°-´gn®v - B-Iƒ t£{X-Øn-te°v Xncn-®p-h-∂-Xnv tij- amWv Hm´≥ Xp≈¬ Bcw-`n-°p-I. BZy-Im-e-ß- fn¬ D’-h-Ønv c≠pw aq∂pw Xp≈¬ kwL-t£{X-I-e-I-fpsS kwK-tam-’hw ߃ Iem-{]-I-Sw ImgvN-sh-°m-dp-≠-t{X. tIc- IqS¬am-Wn°yw t£t{Xm-’hw t£{X-I- f-Ønse {]K¤ Hm´≥Xp-≈¬ Iem-Im-c≥ ae-e-I-fpsS kwK-tam-’hw IqSn-bm-Wv. IpS¬am- _m¿ cma≥m-b-sc∂ {]Xn-`-bpsS {]I-Sw 1950-WnIyw t£{X-Ønse Ig-I-°m-c-m-bn-cp∂ DÆm- Iƒ°v apºv S-∂-Xmbn Iem-kzm-Z-I¿ ]d-bp-∂p.bn-hm-cy¿ mcm-b-Wo-b-Øns‚ coXn-bn¬ 50 Zi- A°m-eØv BZy D’-h-Zn--ß-fn¬ Hm´≥Xp-I-fn-embn cmam-b-W-IY hnh-cn-°p∂ {iocma]©- ≈epw XpS¿∂p≈ Zn-ßfn¬ ioX-¶≥, ]d-b≥Xp- -K-Xn-sb-gp-Xn-b-Xnv tij-amWv IY-Ifn B´-°-Y- ≈epw S-∂n-cp-∂p-sh∂v ChnsS Xp≈-e-h-X-cn-bnse alm-¤pXw “f-N-cn-X-sa-gp-Xn-bXv”. kI-e- ∏n-®n-cp∂ sI.-]n. ¥n-]p-e-sa∂ Iem-Im-c≥I-em-m-Y-mb kwK-ta-is‚ Xncp-k-∂n-[n-bn¬ Hm¿Ωn-°p-∂p. h¿j-ß-tfmfw Kpcp-hm-bq¿ tiJ-B´-°-em-cw-KsØ A-z-b-sa∂v hnti-jn-∏n- c-s∂ Iem-Im-cpw XpS¿∂v sI. ]n. ¥n-]p-°p∂ DÆm-bn-hm-cy-cpsS ]qc-Ø-d-bpsS sXm´p-h- ehpw Ct∏mƒ ]n. sI. oe-I-WvT≥m-b-sc∂S-°p-In-S°p∂ D’-h°fn-Iƒ Ccn-ßm-e°pS D’- - - - - Iem-Im-c-p-amWv Ct∏mƒ ChnsS Xp≈¬ Ah-h-Øns‚ {][m BI¿j-W-am-Wv. BZy-Im-eØv X-cn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. D’-h-Zn--ß-fn¬ am{Xw t£{X-7 cm{Xn-I-fn-embn S-Øn-bn-cp∂ IY-Ifn C∂v 8 Øn-e-h-X-cn-∏n-®p-h-cp∂ Iem-cq-]-amWv Ipd-Øn-bm- - 133 -
  • 20. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011´w. Im°-c-»n-m-S-I-sa∂v hS-°p- ≈ - h ¿ hnti- j n- ∏ n- ° p∂Ipd- Ø n- b m´w Hm´≥Xp- ≈ ¬Ah- X - c n- ∏ n- ° p- ∂ - h ¿ Xs∂-bmWv S- Ø m- d p- ≈ - X v.k‘y°v ]Sn-™msd S-∏p-c-bn¬ 2 amS-ºn-hn-f°v sImfpØnsh®n-cn-°p-∂Xv ImWmw. Ac-ßns‚ Hcp aqe-bn¬ n∂pwHcp hr≤ thjw sI´n ]gbkw`m-j-W-ssi-en-bn¬ {]I-S--am-cw-`n-°p-∂-tXmsS Ipd-Øn-bm´w ImWm≥ Pw IqSpw.I≠-I-»n _m[n® inhpw]m¿Δ-Xnbpw Ipd-h-t‚bpw Ipd-Øn-bp-tSbpw thj-Øn¬ Ifn- IqS¬am-WnIyw D’-h°m-esØ Rmb-dm-gvNbn¬ - -°p-∂Xpw CXns‚ XpS¿®-bm-Wv. t£{X-Øn-- AJn-etI-cf A£-ct«m-Ia’cw S-Øn-hcp-∂p. - - - - -IØv {iotIm-hn-en¬ n∂pw ]pd-tØ-s°-gp-∂-≈n- IqS¬am-WnIyw t£t{Xm-’-h-Øns‚ Db¿∂°p-∂Xnv apºv Ipd-Øn-bm´w Ign-™n-cn-°pw. ]Sn- - ne-hm-chpw atm-lm-cn-Xbpw t£{X-I-e-I-fpsS™msd S-∏p-c-bpsS hS°v ]Sn-™mdv `mKØv kwK-tam-’-h-Øn-eqsS ImØp-kq-£n-°p-hm≥]mTIw Ac-tß-dpw. Ingt° S-°¬ k‘y°v kwLm-S-I¿ C∂v {ian-®p-h-cp-∂p.mZ-kz-c-°-t®-cn, hmXn¬am-S-Øn¬ {_m“-Wn-∏m-´v, tkm]m-Øv hni-Z-amb AjvS-]-Zn, k‘y°v ]≈n-th-´-m-fn¬ cm{Xn `K-hm≥ ]pd-tØ-IqØ-º-e-Øn-s‚bpw Ing-t°--S-∏p-c-bp-tSbpw CS- s°-gp-∂≈n Ccn-ßm-e-°pS ]´-W-Øns‚ lrZ-b-bn-ep≈ ]¥-en¬ Ipg¬, sImºv, a±-fw ]‰p-Iƒ, `m-Ksa∂v hnti-jn-∏n-°m-hp∂ TmWbnse ]≈n-Bdm´v mƒ `K-hm≥ t£{X-Øn-te°v aS-ßpw- th´ B¬Ø-d-°¬ ]≈n-m-bm´v SØn ]©-apºv A£-c-t«mIw XpS-ßn-bXpw t£{X-Øns‚ hm-Zy-tØmsS Xncn-s®-gp-∂-≈Øv S-Øp-∂Xv]e-`m-K-ß-fn-embn S-°pw. CXn¬ {_m“-Wn-∏m´v ImWp-hm≥ P-kl{k-ßfmWv K-cØn-te-s°m- - - - -c≠mw D’-h-Zn-hkw apX¬ `K-hms AI-tØ- gp-Ip-I. B-bpsS Igp-Ønse aWn-Iƒt]mepws°-gp-∂-≈n-°p-∂-Xnv apºmbn hS°v sX°v i_vZn-°msX B¬Ø-d-°-te°v kzman Fgp-∂-hmXn¬am-S-ß-fn¬ k¶¬]n-®n-cn-°p∂ `{Z-Im-fn, ≈p-tºmƒ Ben-e-Iƒt]mepw New n¿Øn-b-Zp¿§ tZh-X-Iƒ apºmsI Ah-X-cn-∏n®p Ign-™n- Xp-t]mse tXm∂pw. ]©-hm-Zy-Øn-p-tijw ]m-cn-°pw. F∂m¬ Bdm-´p-Zn--Øn¬ ]pd-tØ-s°- ≠n- t afw Ip´≥Ipfw ]¥- e n¬n- ∂ p- a m- c w- ` n®vgp-∂-≈-Ønv apºmWv ]m´v. km£m¬ ambm-am- t£{X-Øns‚ apºn-seØn {Xn]p-S-sIm´n t£{X-{¥n-I-m-bn-cp∂ hmg-°p-∂-Øns‚ ambm-Pm-e-{]- Øn--IØv {]th-in®v ]©m-cntbm sNº-StbmI-Sw sXs° tKm]p-c--S-bnepw hmtf-dv, Ip¥- sIm´n H‰{]-Z-£nWw ]q¿Øn-bm°n _m°n CS-ta-dv, sN∏-Sn-hnZy XpSßn P-ßsf ckn-∏n-°p∂ bv°m-{]-Z£nWw SØn AI-tØ-s°-gp-∂≈n-°p- - -]e- X cw Iem- ] - c n- ] m- S n- I fpw t£{X- Ø nepw ∂p. Bdm-´nv cmhnse ]pd-s∏-Sp-tºmƒ 2 {]Z-]pdØpw D’-h-tØmSp-_-‘n®v Ac-tß-dn-bn- £nWw Ign-®v t]mIp-∂-Xn-m¬ _m°n 12 {]Z-cp-∂p. 1990 apX¬ sNß-a-m-Sns‚ kvac-Wm¿∞w £nWw Bdm´v Ign™v aXn¬°-I-tØ-s°-gp-∂- - 134 -
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D’- h - Z n- - ß - f n¬ °p-I. AtX kabw s]m™w `K-h-Xn-bpsSD’hw Ign-™-Xns‚ thZ IÆn-eq-dp∂ - cm∏mƒ IqS-∏pg F∂n-hn-S-ß-fn-emWv Bdm´v S-ßfpw Be-h-´-ßfpw ]pd-t؉n S-°p-tºm-gmWv h¿j- ß - f n¬ A- h [n mgn- I ƒ°- ∏ p- d - a p≈tijw sNº-Sbpw Ign™v B-Iƒ, IpS-Nm-a-c- ]m≠n-ta-fhpw Xs∂-bmWv Bdm-´n-pw. H∂nS-hn´tafw `qanbpw amhpw Hcpt]mse Ipep-°n-Ø¿Ø- Ønset∏mse- X s∂ ]©- h m- Z yhpw XpS¿∂vØn, ]nt‰∂v ]≈n-th´ ioth-en-bpsS ]©m-cn- ≈n- ® m¬ ]q¿Øn- b m- I pw. ]≈n- t h- ´ - Z n- - Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011
  • 22. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 Bdm-´p-]pg {io imkvXm t£{Xhpw tZh-kw-K-ahpw Fw. cmtP-{μ≥ kmwkv ° m- c n- I tIcfØn CS-Xp-Im-ens‚ aSn-bn¬ HXp-°n-s‚ Io¿Øn-kvXw`-sa∂v hnti-jn- sh®v he-Xp-I-øn¬ Aar-X-I-e-i-∏n-°p∂ Xriq-cnv Hcp Xne-I-°p- tØm-Sp-IqSn he-Xp-Im-ens‚ apI-dn-bmWv `qan-bnse G‰hpw henb fn¬ ae¿Øn-sh-®v, kplm-kØn- - -tZh- t a- f bv ° v BXn- Y y- a - c p- f p∂ en- c n- ° p∂ im¥- k z- c q- ] - mbBdm-´p-]pg t£{Xw. Bcm-[Icn¬ - - imkvXm-hv ChnsS hmW-cp-fp-∂p.AN-©-e-amb `‡n-km-Kcw Xnc- BNm-cy-ÿm--ap≈ {iocm-a-Kp-cp-X- √ n- ° p∂ An- X ckm[m- c - W - hmb hkn-jvT-a-l¿jn-bmWv Chn-amb tZh-ssN-X-y-Øns‚ aqe- SsØ D]m-k--aq¿Øn F∂mWvÿm-w IqSn-bm-WnXv. k¶¬∏w. a‰p D]-tZ-h -{]-Xn-jvT- Xriq¿ ]´WØn¬ n∂v 15 I-sfm-∂p-an-√mØ A]q¿Δ- t£-{X-Intem- a o- ‰ ¿ sX°v`m- K Øv ß- f n- s em∂mb ChnsS Xncq´v ,Xriq¿˛sImSp-ß-√q¿ tdmUn¬, AS, Icn- ° - ` n- t jIw F∂nhtXh¿tdmUv tÃm∏n¬ n∂pw 2 imkvXmhnv {]nb-s∏´ hgn-]m-Sp-Intem-ao-‰¿ Ing-°p-`m-K-Ømbn Bdm-´p-]pg {ioim- I-fm-Wv.kvXm-t£{Xw ÿnXn -sN-øp-∂p. ssZh⁄¿ Cu amSºv Ff-a-Æv, tNmcpt©SØv, Itc-fn¬t£- { X- Ø nv aqΔm- b n- c - Ø n- t esd h¿jsØ Ff-a-Æv, Nn‰n-t»cn Iπn-ßm-´v, Hm´vtabv°m´qcv]g°w IW-°m-°p-∂p. F∂o-a--Iƒ°mWv Ducmbva ÿmw. Cf-a kakvXtZ- h ≥am- c p- s Sbpw ssNXyw IrjvW-ta-tm≥ sIm®n≥ tZhkzw IΩo-j-W-dm-Dƒs°m≠v, CS-Xp-Im¬ aS-°n, he-Xp-Im¬ ap´p-a- bn-cp-∂t∏mƒ Cu t£{Xw tZh-kz-Øn¬ {]tXyI -S°n CS-Xp-]m-Z-tØmSv tN¿Øp-sh-®v, CS-XpssI ÿm-ap≈ t£{X-am-bn-Øo¿∂p. C∂pw B ne- X-s∂-bmWv Cu t£{X-Øn- p-≈-Xv. B≠p-hn-ti-j-߃ {]Xn-jvTm-Znw, C√w nd, AjvS-{Z-hy-a-lm-K-W-]- Xn-tlm-aw, Xr∏p-Ø-cn, h- cm-{Xn, tZi-hn-f-°v, hnZym- kmckzXm¿®, ]Ø-map-Z- bm-tLmjw, ]qcw F∂n-h- bmWv {][m B≠p-hn-ti- j-߃. - 145 -
  • 23. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 Bdm-´p-]pg ]qcw `qtemIsshIp-WvT-amb Bdm-´p- ]pg ]hn-{X-amb tZh-kw-K-a `qan-bmWv. ap∏-Øn-ap-t°mSn tZh-I-fp-tSbpw b£- In-∂-c-K-‘¿Δm-Zn-I-fp-tSbpw Bflob km∂n-≤y-ap≈XmWv Bdm-´p-]p-g- ]q-cw. 1428 h¿j-ß-fn-eqsS Ap-kyqXw Xe- ap- d - I - f n¬n∂v Xe- a p- d - I - f n- t e°v ]I¿∂p hcp∂ Cu tZhtaf-bn-eqsS `‡cpw tZh-XIfpw XmZmflyw {]m]n- - °p∂p. ]qcw-mƒ cm{Xn-bn¬ tNmXn- - £{Xw D®-ÿm-o-bam-bm-¬ Bdm-´p-]pg - aμmcwIS-hn¬ KwKm-tZ-hn-bpsS nd-km- ∂n-≤y-amWv. KwK-bpsS hnip-≤n-bn¬If-`m-`n-tjIw BdmSn n¿hr-Xn-bSbm≥ tXhcpw tZhn-amcpw `‡- - - t£{Xm-`n-hr-≤n°v ]c-a{]-[m-am-bXv X{¥n- - - P-kl{k-ßfpw ChnsS HØp-tN-cp-∂p. BtLm- - - -bpsS X] v, thZ-P]w, nbaw, D’hw, A∂- j-߃s°-∂t]mse aX-]camb NS-ßp-Iƒ°pw - - -Zmw F∂n-h-bt{X. Ien-Im-e-tZm-jw-sIm≠v Cu Ap-jTm-߃°pw C{X-tbsd {]m[myw I¬]n- v -A©v Imcy-ßfpw th≠-co-Xn-bn¬ S-Øn-s°m- °p∂ as‰mcp D’hhpw C√-Xs∂. -≠p- t ]m- I m≥ _p≤n- a p- ´ p∂ kml- N - c y- Ø n¬ sImSn-tb‰wmak¶o¿Ø P]w Xs∂-bmWv `K-hZvISm-£- ao-Ønse D{Xw A¿≤-cm-{Xn-°p≈ ZnhkwØn-p≈ GI am¿§w. D{Xw ]m´v ASn-ÿm--am°n Iogvt]m-´p-I-W-°m- imkvXm-hns‚ {]Xn-jvTm--£-{X-amb ]qøw °n-bmWv Bdm-´p-]pg ]qc-Ønv sImSn-I-b-dp-∂Xv.mfn¬ {]Xn-amkw If`m`n-tj-Ihpw, ma-P-]hpw, ]qc-a-tlm-’-h-Ønp mμn-Ip-dn-®p-sIm≠v tcmln-{]kmZ Du´pw S-Øn-h-cp-∂p. Nμ-w, tKmtcm-N- Wn-m-fn¬ ip≤n-I-eiw Bcw-`n-°p∂p. aIocww, Ip¶p- a - ∏ q- h v , ]®- ° ¿∏qcw,]no¿ XpS-ßnb kpK-‘-{Z-hy-ß-fpsS Iq´mWv imkvXm-hnv If-`m-´-Ønmbn D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xv. Xmf-ta-f-ß-fpsS AI-º-Sn-tbmsS Ie-i°p- S - Ø n¬ nd- b v ° p∂ If`w,X{¥-a-{¥-ßfpw nXy-I¿Ω-ßfpwCuiz-tcm-]m-k--bpw- sIm≠v tZh-Xp- e y- mb BNm- c y≥,]qPmhn[nIfm¬ ssNX- y-]q¿Æam°nbmWv imkvXm-{]-Xn-jvT-bn¬ A`n-tjIw sNøp-∂-Xv. Cukabw Z¿i--Ønv t{ijvT-amWv. - 146 -
  • 24. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 ß- t fmsS B¿ ∏pw Ipc-h-bp-ambn ]pcp-jmcw t£{X- Øn- t e°v. Hcp h¿jsØ ImØn- cn-∏n-p-tijw tZi- ° m- c p- t Sbpw Iem- t {]- a n- I - f p- tSbpw a-   n¬ ]qcm-thiw XpSn - sIm´n DW- c p- I - bmbn. t£{X- S∏pc-bn¬ he-mfn- e mWv sImSn- t b‰w. AXyp- ’ m- l - ] q¿Δw ¥-e-bn¬ ]qcw sIm´n-sh-®m¬, ]pdØv B¬Ø-B¿∏pw Ipc-h-bp-ambn m´p-Im¿ apdn-®p-sIm-≠p- dbv°v kao]w Xncp-hm-bp-[-k-a¿∏-W-sa∂ NS-h-cp∂ Ihpßv sNØn-an-p-°n-bmWv sImSn-a-c-am- ßmWv. t£{X-Øn--IØv Cu kabw hIw,°p-∂Xv. H∂n-S-hn´v Ben-e-Ifpw amhn-e-Ifpw ]©-Khyw, {io`q-X-_en XpS-ßnb Xm{¥nI®S-Nm¿Ønb sImSn-acw cm{Xn 8.30-tXm-Sp-IqSn `‡- ßp-Iƒ Bcw-`n-®n-cn°pw.P- - ß - f mWv Db¿Øp- ∂ Xv . XpS¿∂v t£{Xw XpS¿∂p≈ F√m-Zn-h-kß-fnepw {io`q-X-Ducm-f≥am¿ Z¿`∏p√v sImSn-a-c-Øn¬ _‘n-∏n- _en, tIfn, sImºp-]‰v, Ipg¬∏‰v F∂nh D≠m-°p∂ NS-ßmWv. bn-cn°pw. hmZy-tLm-j-ß-fpsS n»-_vZ-X-bn¬ Na-b- Xncp-hm-Xnc hnf°vß-sfm-∂p-an-√mØ Hcp KP-ho-cs IpØp-hn-f-°p-I-fpsS AI-ºSn-tbmsS Ggp-I≠w AXn¿Øn-hsc - Xncp-hm-Xnc£{Xw DZn-®p-b-cp-tºmƒ shfp-Bbn°pw. ]qcw- ]p-d-∏mSv DZvtLm-jn-®p-sIm≠v, ∏np 3 aWn°v t£{X-a-Xn¬°-IØv Xncp-hm-Xn-Xmf-ta-f-ß-fp-d-ßn-°n-S-°p∂ Bdm-´p-]p-gsb {]I- c-hn-f°v Bcw-`n-°p-I-bm-bn. t£{Xw X{¥n-bpsSº-w-sIm-≈n-®p-sIm≠v, ASn-b-¥ncwamcm¿ iwJ- Ap-a-Xn-tbmsS AIØv Xnan-e- ]m-Wn-sIm´n Hcp[zn apg-°p∂p. {Xn]p-S -Xm-f-Øn¬ hmZy-tLm-j- hew-sh®v sNº-S-Xm-f-Øns‚ AI-º-Sn-tbmsS imkv X mhv ]pd- t Ø- bvs°-gp-s∂-≈p-∂p. hS- t°- S- b n¬ sNºS Ah-km-n-°p-∂- tXmsS hnkvX-cn® hnf- °m-Nm-c-am-Wv. XpS¿∂p he-¥e {ipXn-tbmsS H∂c {]Z- £ nWw SØn Ing- t ° - - S - bn¬ sXt°m-´`n-ap-Jam- - bn- n∂v Iqdp sIm´n Iem-in-°p-∂p. hnkvX- cn® tIfn, sImºp-]-‰v, - 147 -
  • 25. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011Ipg¬∏‰v F∂nh Nn´-h-´-߃°-p-k-cn-®p-X-s∂. hnf- ° p- a m- S - Ø n¬n∂p- b - c p∂ Zo]- t im- ` -bn¬, A©m- - I - f psSAI-º-Sn-tbmsS s]m≥{]-`sNm- c n™v Fgp∂- ≈ n-n¬°p∂ A`ojvShc-Zm-b-I-mb imkvXm-hnsZ¿in-°m-s-Øp∂ P-k-l-{k-߃ km£n-bmbn]©m- c n- t afw Imem- p-KXw sIm´n- ° - b dn ]Sn-™msd S-∏p-c-bn¬ Iem-in-°p-tºmƒ, kqcy-tX-P- n¬ as‰mcp ]qc-°m-gvN-bpsS Ap-`hw Bkzm-Z-I-cn¬ Xnßnnd-bp-∂p. ´np ]pd-tØ-bvs°-gp-∂≈p∂p. B¬Ø-dbv°p-k- - -XpS¿∂p≈ CSbv ° {]Z- £ n- W - Ø n- p- t ijw ao]w taf-a-h-km-n-®m¬ mK-kzcw, iwJv, he-k¿Δm-e-¶mchn`q-jn-X-mb imkvXmhv ssX°m- ¥-e-bnse {ipXn F∂n-h-tbm-Sp-IqSn ssX°m-´p-´p-t»cn ]qc-Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°p-hm≥ Fgp-∂-≈pI- t»-cn-bn-te°v bm{X. ssX°m-´p-t»cn t£{X-bm-bn. Øn¬ Cd-°n-sb-gp-∂-≈n∏v. ssX°m-´p-t»cn ]qcwssX°m-´p-t»cn t£{X-Øn-tebv°v Ign- ™ m¬ Bdm- ´ p- ] pg imkvXm- h ns‚ "CS-h-gn-∏qcw Bcw-`n-°p-I-bmbn. ssX°m-´p-t»cn Xncp-hm-Xn-c-hn-f-°n-p-tijw GI-tZiw 8 t£{X-{]-Z-£n-WØnp tijw D]-Nmcw. aS-°-aWn-tbm-Sp-IqSn 3 {]mhiyw iwJp-hn-fn®v ]©m- bm-{X-bn¬ NmØ-°pSw t£{X-Øn¬ Cd-°n-sb-cn-ta-f-tØmsS Bdm-´p-]pg imkvXmhv aXn¬s°- gp-∂-≈n∏v. D]-Nm-c-Øn-p-tijw Bdm-´p-]p-g-bn- te°v Fgp-∂-≈p∂ hgn-I-fn- se√mw ne-hn-f°v sImfpØn, tImew-h-c®v, Ac-ßp-Nm¿Øn, I¿∏qcw IØn®v, nd-]-d-Iƒ ka¿∏n®v `‡-P߃ imkvXm- - - hns FXn-tc¬°p∂p. dp-Ip-f-ßc t£{X- Øn-tebv°v nXy-∏q-P-Iƒ°pw Xm{¥n-I®Sßp-Iƒ°pw-tijw - - - sshIo´v 8 aWnbv°v ]pd- s∏Sp∂ Bdm-´p-]pg imkvXm- hnv X{¥n C√-amb s]cp-hw Ip∂-Øqcv ]Sn-™m-td-SØp-a- - - bv ° ¬ Cd- ° n- ∏ qP, AS- n- - 148 -
  • 26. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 s{X. Cu sNm√ns Az¿∞- a m- °p∂ hn[-Øn-emWv Ct∏mƒ ]qcw BtLm-jn-°p-∂Xv F∂v FSp-Øp-]- d-tb-≠-Xn-√-t√m. Ct∏mƒ Hcp Fgp-∂≈n∏p-IqSn - - tIa-am-bn-´p-≠v. IS-em-t»cn ]njm-cn- °¬ `K-h-Xn-bpsS ]qcw. sshIo´v 4 aWn°v Bcw`n-°p∂ Cu Fgp-∂≈n- - ∏nv 3 B-Ifpw ]©m-cn-ta-fhpw AI-º-Sn-tb-Ipw. Akv-X-a-b-kq-cys‚ s]m≥I-ncW߃ G‰p-hmßn ]njm- c-n°¬ `K-hXn t£{X-{]-Z-£nWw S- Ø p- ∂ p. CtXmsS Bdm- ´ p- ] pg imkvXm-hns‚ kp{]-kn-≤-amb Cd- °- ∏ m- ≠ n°v tImep- b - c p- I - b m- b n. ]©m- c n- b psS Cu‰n- √ - s a∂v ]pIƒs]‰ s]cp-hw S-h-gn-bn¬ imkvXm- h ns‚ Xncp- a p- º n¬thZyw XpS-ßn-bh. AXn-p-tijw dp-Ip-f-ßc n∂psIm≠v taf-hn-ZKv≤¿ kzbw ad∂v Xo¿°p∂ - -t£{X-Øn-tebv°v. sIm´n-{]-Z£n-WØn-p-tijw - - Cu Cd-°-∏m≠n ImWn-I-fpsS lrZ-b-Øn-te°vXncn®v Bdm-´p-]p-gbn-te°v. cm{Xn-bpsS n»-_vZ- - Bgv ∂ n- d - ß p- t ºm- g p- ≠ m- I p∂ Ap`qXn G{X-X-bnepw `‡-P߃ imkvXm-hns‚ Fgp-s∂-≈- - - sb{X!Ønv ImtXm¿Øn-cp∂v `‡n-bpsS ]q¿Æ-Xbn¬ -hc-th¬°p∂ ImgvN B-μIcw Xs∂-bmWv. - tafw Ign-™m¬ Xr]p-S-tbm-Sp-IqSn Ing°v Bdm-´p-Ip-f-Ønp kao]w FØp∂ Bdm-´p-]pgs]cp-hw ]qcw imkvXmhv, NmØ-°pSw imkvXm-hns‚ ]qcw Ign- s]cp-h--Ø-∏s‚ Xncp-k-∂n-[n-bn¬ S-°p∂ Cu ]qc-Øn¬ Ct∏mƒ 18 tZho-tZ-h-∑m-cmWv ]s¶-Sp-°p-∂-Xv. CXn¬ 4Fgp- ∂ - ≈ n- ∏ p- I - f mWv H∂n-sm∂p sa®-s∏´ coXn-bn¬ S-°p- ∂ - X v . Bdm- ´ p- ] p- g , NmØ-°pSw, Duc-Iw, tN¿∏v F∂n-h¿°mWv Cu Fgp-∂≈n-∏p-Iƒ. - sImº- m- - I ƒ, Na- b -߃ F∂n- h - b p- s S- s b√mwtbmKyX n¿Æ- b n- ® n- c n∂Xvt]mepw s]cp-hw ]qc-Øn¬]s¶-SptØm F∂-Xns ASn-ÿm- - s ∏- S p- Ø n- b m- b n- c p- ∂ p- h - - 149 -
  • 27. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011™m¬ It√en, taSw-Ipfw F∂o imkvXm-°≥am- {]Z-£nWw hbv°p-∂-Xp-hsc Cu hnf-°nsetcm-sSm∏w s]cp-hw t£{X-Øn-tebv°v Fgp-s∂- {][m ]¶m- f n- I - f mb s´n- t »- c n, tImS- ∂ q¿,≈p-I-bmbn. Ing-t°-tKm-]pcw hsc ]©m-cn-tafw. m¶pfw imkvXm-°-∑m¿ {io]m¿Δ-Xn-bpsS S-t£{X-Øn-IØp-IS∂m¬ apdn-bS¥˛ sXt°-tKm- - - - - - bv°p-ap-ºn¬ ne-]m-Sp-n¬°pw.]p-c--S-bn¬Øs∂ Ah-km-n-°p∂p. Bdm-´p- tN¿∏v `K-hXn ]©-hm-Zy-tØm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bmWv]pgimkvXmhv X{¥n C√-tØbv°pw a‰p tZh-∑m¿ Fgp-∂-≈p-I. ta°mhv `K-hXnt£{X-]-cn-k-cØvt£{X-{]-Z£nW-Ønpw bm{X-bm-hp∂p. tafm-kzm- - n∂v Bcw-`n-°p∂ ]m≠n t£{XaXn¬°-IØpZ-I¿°p≈ kZy-h´w CtXmsS Xocp-∂n-√. Bdm-´p- s]s´∂v n¿Øn-sh®v t£{Xw Ducm-f≥ hnfn®p]pg imkvXm-hn-`n-ap-Jambn NmØ-°pSw imkvXm- - - tNmZn-°pw˛ ""Cd-°-°m¿ Bsc-¶nepw _m°n-hns‚ ]©mcn CXn-Iw Bcw`n-®n-´p-≠m-Ipw. bpt≠m? Aøp∂pt£{X- {]-Xn-n-[n-bpsS ""Cd-sXm´n-∏mƒ `K-hXn-tbm-sSm-∏ap≈ Cu Fgp-∂≈n- - - - ßn-bn-´n√ F∂ adp-]-Sn-°p-tijw ]m≠n-tafw∏nv 7 B-IfmWv AI-ºSn ¬Ip-∂Xv. - - XpScpw. ]n∂o-Sp≈ ]qcw Aøp∂p`K-h-Xnbpw Cc-hns ]I-em°n am‰p∂ Xosh-´n-IfpsS - tN¿∏v `K-h-Xnbpw Hcp-an®p tN¿∂m-Wv. Ing-t°-IÆ-©n-∏n-°p∂ Zo]-tim-`bn¬ {]ikvX-cmb -S-bn¬ ]m≠n ]©m-cn°v hgn-am-dp-tºmƒ nd-Iem-Im-c∑m¿ Xo¿°p-∂- Cu ]m≠n-˛]©m-cn-ta-f- - - - bp∂ mZ-ku-`mKyw tafm-kz-Z-I¿°v I¿Æm-ar-X-߃ Bkz-Zn-®p`hn-°m≥ tIc-fØns‚ mm- - - ambn amdp-∂p.`m-K-Øp-n∂pw P-k-l-{k-߃ s]cp-h-tØ- hmZy-Xm-f-b-e-ß-fp-tSbpw h¿Æ-i-_-f-ambbvs°m-gp-In-sb-Øp-∂p. Zriy-hn-kva-b-ß-fp-tSbpw s]men-a- n-d™p Xpfp- XpS¿∂p≈ ]qcw Duc-I-Ø-Ω-Xn-cp-h-Sn-bp- ºp∂ s]cp-hw {Kma-Øns‚ A[n-]-mb Cc-´-tS-Xm-Wv. 7 B-I-fpsS AI-º-Sn-tbmsS ]©m-cn- b-∏v am{X-ambn BsI c≠v {io`q-X-_en NS-ta-ftØmsS {]uV-Kw-`o-cam-bmWv tZhn-bpsS Fgp- - - ßp-IfmWv ]qc-tØm-Sp-_‘n®v S-Øp-∂Xv. H∂v - - - -∂-≈Øv. ]©m-cn-bpsS aq∂mw-Im-eØn-tm-SSpØ - - - s]cp-hw ]qcw Znh-khpw, as‰m∂v D{Xw mfnepw.ka-bØv s]cp-hw t£{X-a-Xn¬°-IØv Iq´n- ]nt‰∂v Bdm-´p-]pg imkvXmhv s]cp-hwsb-gp-∂-≈n-∏p-≠v. "hnf°v F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp∂ Cu t£{X-Øn¬ sh®v tN¿∏v `K-h-Xn-tbmSv D]-Nm-Fgp-∂-≈n-∏n¬, s´n-t»cn, tImS-∂q¿, m¶p-fw, cw ]d™p aS-ßp-tºmƒ DucIw t£{X-Øn¬FS- ° p- ∂ n, N°wIpfw, Nn‰- n - ® m- Ø - ° pSw, Cd-°n-sb-gp-s∂-≈n∏v, D]-Nmcw. `‡-P--߃ssX°m´p-t»cn,taSwIpfw, It√- e n,]qn-em¿°m-hv, am´n¬F∂o 11 t£{X- ß -fmWv ]s¶-Sp-°p-∂-Xv.s]cp-hw˛Bdm-´p-]pg]qcw sk≥{S¬I-Ω‰nbpsS tXr- X z-Øn¬ Cu hnf°vAXn- K w- ` o- c - a mbmWvBtLm- j n- ° p- ∂ Xv.Duc- I - Ø - Ω - X n- c p- h - S n-bpsS ]qcw Ign™vtZhn- a- X n¬°- I Øp - 150 -
  • 28. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011ka¿∏n-°p∂ nd-]-d-Iƒ kzoI-cn®v GI-tZiw imkvXmhv 9 KP-ho-c-∑m-cpsS AI-º-Sn-tbmsS]Xn-sm-∂-c-tbmsS Bdm-´p-]pg t£{X-Øn¬ sXt°m-´`n-ap-J-ambn AWn-n-c°p-∂p. ssI∏-¥-Xncn-s®-Øp∂p. Øns‚ IÆ-©n-∏n-°p∂ tim`bn¬ Bdm-´p-]pg imkvXm-hns‚ XnSºpw tImehpw h¿Æ-{]-` -sNm-]nSn-°-∏-dºv t£{X-Øn-tebv°v cn-bp∂ ImgvN I¨Ip-fn¿s° I≠v ssIIq-∏m≥ Xd-bv°¬ ]qc-Øn≥mƒ ImeØv 7 aWn°v `‡-P--k-l-{k-߃ t£{Xm-¶-W-Øn¬ Xnßn-]nSn-°-∏-d-ºn¬ Fgp-s∂-≈n-s®-∂v Bdm-´p-]pg n-d-bp-∂p. 150¬]cw Iem-Im-c-∑m¿ AWn-n-c-imkvXmhv ]qc-∏m-S-Ønp kao]w hS-t°m-´p-Xn- °p∂ ]m≠n-ta-f-Øns‚ amkva-cn-IX-bn¬ Bkzm-cn™v ne-]m-Sp-n¬°p∂p. Cu k-abw NmØ- Z-I-hrμw AebSn-°p-tºmƒ, Xd-°¬∏q-c-Ønp°pSw imkvXmhv ]Sn-™m´v Z¿i-ambn ne-]mSv - angn-thIn ]Sn-™m-dp-n∂v Duc-I-Ø-Ω-Xn-cp-h-n¬°p-∂p-≠m-bn-cn°pw. B-tbm-´Øn-p-tijw - Snbpw, sX°p-n∂v sXm´n-∏mƒ`K-h-Xnbpw Fgp-sImºp-]‰v, Ipg¬∏‰v. XpS¿∂v Xr]-pS-tbm-Sp-IqSn ∂-≈p-I-bm-bn. Duc-I-Ø-Ω-Xn-cp-h-Sn°v tafhpw]nSn-°∏dºv t£{Xw {]Z-£nWw sh®v Xncn-®p-h- - - sXm´n-∏mƒ `K-h-Xn°v ]©-hm-Zy-hp-amWv AI-º-cp∂ Bdm-´p-]pg imkvXmhv NmØ-°pSw imkvXm- Sn-bm-bn-´p-≠m-hp-I. 9.30 hsc ofp∂ ]m≠n-ta-f-hnv D]-Nmcw sNm√n ]ncn-bp∂p. imkvXmhv Bdm- Øn-p-tijw h¿Æ-i-_-f-amb Icn-a-cp∂p {]tbm-´p-]p-gbv°v Fgp-s∂≈n ]pg-bv°°sc Ing-t°-aTw, - Kw. XpS¿∂v aq∂p tZho-tZ-h-∑mcpw kwK-an-°pw.hS-t°-aTw, sXt°-aTw, ]Sn-™m-td-aTw XpS-ßnb Fgp- ∂ - ≈ n- ∏ p- I ƒ°p a≤y- Ø n- e mbn ]mbbpwCS-ßfnse ]d-Iƒ kzoI-cn-°p∂p. Chn-sS-sb√mw -Nmep-Io-d¬, NmSn-s°m´v F∂n-hbp-≠m-bn-cn°pw. - ap≠pw hncn®v tNßn-e- sh-®-Xn-p-tijw Acnt£{X-Øn¬ Xncn-s®-gp-s∂-≈n-bm¬ Xm{¥n-I®S- - - nd-bv°pw. Xncp-ta-n-am¿ h´-an-´ncn-°pw. aq∂pßp-Iƒ Bcw-`n-°p-I-bmbn. sshIo´v 4 aWn°v t£{X-ß-fn-tebpw ASn-b-¥n-c-°m¿ 3 XhWtNmc-t©-SØp-a, Itcm-fn¬ Ff-aÆp-a, Np≈n- - - iwJp hnfn®v he¥-e-bn¬ tafw-sIm´n hbv°p∂aTw F∂n-hn-S-ß-fnse ]d-Iƒ kzoI-cn-°m-mbn NS-ßmWv ]n∂o-Sv. sXm´n-∏mƒ `K-hXn imkvXm-imkvXmhv ]pd-s∏-Sp∂p. hnpw Duc-I-Ø-Ω-Xn-cp-h-Sn°pw D]-Nmcw ]d™v imkvXmw-I-S-hn-te°v Bdm-´npw, Duc-I-Ø-Ω-Xn-Xd-bv°¬∏qcw cp-hSn Iotgm-´p-Ic a-bn-te°pw bm{X-bm-Ip-∂p. sshIo´v 6v ]pd-tØ-bvs°-gp-s∂-≈p∂ Xd-bv°¬∏q-c-Ønptijw imkvXmhv Duc-I-Ø- - 151 -
  • 29. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011Ω-Xn-cp-hSn°v D]-Nmcw ]d™v amS-ºp-a--bnse F√m hoYn-I-fn-eq-tSbpw hntZ-in-I-f-S-°-ap≈ ]qc-]d-Iƒ G-‰p-hmßn t£{X-Øn¬ Xncn-s®-Øp-∂p. t{]-an-Iƒ Bdm-´p-]p-gbn-se-Øp-∂p. Ign™ A©v -cm{Xn 12-a-Wn°v mK-kz-c-Øn-s‚bpw iwJns‚bpw h¿jambn imkvXm-hns‚ ]qc-Ønv ]Xn-©vAI-º-Sn-tbmSpw he-¥-e-{ip-Xn-tbm-Spw-IqSn ]njm- KP-ho-c-∑m¿ AWn-n-c-∂ph-cp∂p.cn-°¬t£-{X-Øn-te°v Fgp-s∂-≈p-∂p. hgn- 250¬ ]cw {]apJ hmZyIem-Im-c-∑m¿ Iøpwat≤y Iotgm-´p-°-c-a--bn¬ Cd-°n]qP-bp≠v. saøpw ad∂v Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p∂ hniz-{]-kn-≤-ambXpS¿∂v ]njm-cn-°¬t£-{X-Øn-seØn Cd-°n- ]©m-cn-tafw {]]©koa-Iƒ ewLn-°p-tºmƒsb-gp-s∂-≈n-°p-∂p. Bkzm-Z-I-cn¬ AXn-cp-I-fn-√mØ Xmf{]]©wsXm´n-∏mƒ t£{X-Øn-tebv°v alm-km-K-c-ambn Ae-b-Sn-°pw. taf-ß-fpsS cmPm- Bdm-´p-]pg ]qcw Znhkw cmhnse ]mWn- hmb ]©m-cn-tafw sIm´-n°bdn°-emin°p∂p.sIm´n imkv X m- h ns ]njm- c n- ° ¬ t£{X- Fgp-∂≈n n¬°p∂ KP-ho-c-∑m-cpsS AI-º-Sn-Øn¬n∂v sXm´n-∏mƒ t£{X-Øn-tebv°v Fgp- tbmsS ssI∏-¥-Øns‚ tim`-bn¬ imkvXmhvs∂-≈n°pw. BZy-Im-e-ß-fn¬ AhnsS B-tbm- Ggp-I-≠w-hsc t]mIp∂ ImgvN h¿Æ-m-Xo-X-´-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂p. Ipfw {]Z-£nWw sh®v BZy-sa- am-Wv. tXh¿ ssIX-h-f-∏n¬ FØn-bn-´pt≠mØp-∂-h¿°v Ahn¬∏d. Ct∏mƒ ÿe-ku-Icyw F∂m-cm-bm-mbn am{X-amWv imkvXmhv Ggp-C√m-Ø-Xn-m¬ Hmtcm h¿jhpw Hmtcm t£{X- I≠w hsc t]mIp- ∂ - X - t {X. aS- ° - b m- { X- b n¬°m¿ Ahn¬∏d kzoI-cn-°p∂p. imkvXmhv ne-]m-Sp-X-d-bn¬ Gh¿°pw BXn-Yy- a-cpfn ne-]mSp n¬°pw. NmØ-°pSw imkvXm- sXm´n-∏mƒ ]qc-Øn-p-tijw NmØ-°pSw hns‚ ]qc-Ønp tijw FS-°p∂n `K-h-Xn-bpsSimkvXm-hn-tm-sSm∏w Bdm-´p-]pg imkvXm-hns‚ km∂n-[y-Øn¬ NmØ-°pSw imkvXm-hnv ne-CS-hgn-∏qcw . t£{X-Øn¬ Cd-°n-∏qP. D]-Nm-c- - ]m-Sp-n¬°m≥ DØ-chm-Zn-Xz-ta¬∏n®v Bdm-´p-]pg -Øn-p-tijw imkvXmhv NmØ-°pSw imkvXm-hn- imkvXmhv t£{X-Øn-te-bvs°-gp-∂-≈p-∂p.tm-sSm∏w Bdm-´p-]p-gbv°v. NmØ-°pSw imkvXm-hnv Bdm-´p-]pg t£{X-Øn¬ Cd-°n-sb-gp-s∂- tZh-kw-Kaw≈n∏v. XpS¿∂v t£{X-aXn¬°-IØv D]-Nm-chpw. - Bdm-´p-]pg ]qc-Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°p∂ tZho-tZ-h≥am¿Bdm-´p-]p-g-]qcw 1. Bdm-´p-]pg imkvXmhv sXm´n- ∏ mƒ ]I¬∏q- c - Ø n¬ ]s¶- S pØv 2. Xr{]-bm¿ tXh¿imkvXmhv 4 aWn-tbm-Sp-IqSn t£{X-Øn¬ Xncn-s®-Øp-∂p. nXy-∏q-PIƒ, -{io`q- X - _ - e n, F∂n- h -bv°p-tijw 6 aWn-tbm-Sp-IqSn `qan-bnse G‰hpwhenb tZh- t a- f bv°vkm£n- b m- I mpw BXn-tY- b Xzw hln- ° mpwimkvXmhv k¿Δm`-cWhn`q-jn-X-mbn ]pd-tØ-bvs°-gp-∂≈p-tºmƒ, -t£{Xhpw ]qc- ∏ m- S hpwP-k-l-{k-ß-sf-s°m≠vXnßn- n- d - ™ n- c n- ° pw. - 152 -
  • 30. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 20113. Duc-I-Ø-Ω-Øn-cp-hSn GI-tZiw 11 aWn-tbm-Sp-IqSn sXm´n-∏mƒ `K-4. tN¿∏n¬ `K-hXn h-Xn-tbm-sSm∏w NmØ-°pSw imkvXm-hns‚ Fgp-5. NmØ-°p-SØv imkvXmhv ∂-≈n-∏mWv BZyw. Ggm-IfpsS AI-ºSn-tbmsS - - -6. A¥n-°mSv `K-hXn Kw`oc ]©m-cn-ta-fw. XpS¿∂v Hcp aWn-tbm-Sp-IqSn7. sXm´n-∏mƒ `K-hXn ]qn-em¿°m-hv, ISp∏t»-cn, Nme-°pSn Im´p-]n-jm-8. ]njm-cn-°¬ `K-hXn cn-°¬ `K-h-Xn-am¿ A©m--I-fp-tSbpw ]©m-cn-9. FS-°p∂n `K-hXn ta-f-Øn-t‚bpw AI-º-Sn-tbm-sS Fgp-∂-≈p-∂p.10. Aøp-∂n¬ `K-hXn 12 aWn-tbm-Sp-IqSn FS-°p∂n `K-h-Xn-bpsS11. ssX°m-´p-t»cn `K-hXn Fgp-∂-≈n∏v Bcw`n-°p-∂p. 5 B-I-fpsS AI-12. ISp-∏-t»cn `K-hXn º-Snbpw ]©m-cn-ta-fhpw tijw Hcp-a-Wn-tbm-Sp-13. Nqc-t°mSv `K-hXn IqSn A¥n-°m-Sv-˛-Nq-c-t°mSv `K-hXnam¿ Bdm--14. ]qn-em¿°m-hn¬ `K-hXn I-fp-tSbpw ]©m-cn-ta-fØns‚bpw AI-ºSn-tbmsS - -15. Nme-°pSn -]n-jm-cn-°¬ `K-hXn Fgp-∂-≈n-h-cp-∂p. 11 aWn-tbm-Sp-IqSn s´n-t»cn16. N°w-Ip-f-ßc imkvXmhv imkvXmhv 5 B-I-fpsS AI-º-Sn-tbmSpw ]m≠n-17. tImS-∂q¿ imkvXmhv ta-f-tØmSpw IqSn Fgp-∂-≈p-∂p.18. m¶pfw imkvXmhv19. {ioam-´n¬ imkvXmhv sshIp-WvT-Z¿iw20. s´n-t»cn imkvXmhv Aam- p- j nI Ign- h p≈ hnez- a w- K - e Øv21. It√en imkvXmhv kzmanbm¿ Bdm-´p-]pg]qcw Znhkw k‘ybv°v {io22. Nn‰n-®m-Ø-°pSw imkvXmhv hS-°pw-m-Y≥ t£{X-Øn¬ Z¿iØns-Øn-23. taSw-Ipfw imkvXmhv bs{X. k‘y-bv°p-ap-tº-Xs∂ AØm-g-]q-P-I-F∂o tZho-tZh≥amcmWv Cu tZh-kw-K-a-Øn¬ gn™v S-b-S-®-Xns‚ ImcWw Bcm™ kzman-]s¶Sp°p-∂-Xv. Bdm-´p-]pg imkvXmhv ne-]m-Sp- bm¿°v Xs‚ Znhy-t-{X-߃sIm≠v {io hS-°pw-X-d-bn-se-Ønbm-¬ tZho-tZ-h-∑m-cpsS ]qc-߃ m-Ys Z¿in-°m-m-bn. C∂v Bdm-´p-]p-g-]q-c-am-Bcw-`n-°p-Ibmbn. tXh¿ ssIX-h-f-∏n-se-Øp-∂- sW∂pw Cu ]qc-Øn¬ Xn-°pw-IqSn ]s¶-Sp-t°-Xp-hsc Cu Fgp-∂-≈n-∏p-Iƒ XpS-cp-∂p. t£{X- ≠-Xp-s≠∂pw `K-hm≥ Acp-fn-sN-bvXpsh∂pw,tKm-]p-c-Ønpw ne-]m-Sp-X-dbv°pwat≤y sX°p-h-S°p InS-°p∂ S-bnepw ]Sn-™m-dp`m-K-Øp≈ hnim-e-amb ]mS-Øp-am-Wv Ib-‰hpw Cd-°hpw]Sn-™m-dp-n-∂p≈ hc-hp-am-bn- CuFgp-∂-≈n-∏p-Iƒ S-°p-∂-Xv. Hc-kpe` ntbm-Kw-t]m-se, Xmf-ta-f-ß-fpsS ]cym-b-am¿∂ Cu ]m≠n-˛- ] - © m- c n- t a- f - ß ƒ BkzZn- ° mpwtZho- t Z- h - ∑ msc ssIIq- ∏ n- h - W ßnkmbp-Py-aSbmpw AN-©eamb `‡n- - - - -km-KcØn¬ BdmSn hW-ßphmpwtZh- s sN- X - y- Ø ns‚ aqe- ÿ m- -tØ°v `‡- c psS AW- a p- d n- b mØ{]hm-lw. - 153 -
  • 31. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011Bdm-´p-]p-g-]q-c-Ønv ImWm-sa∂pw ]d™v `K- °p-∂-tXmsS CS-Xp-`m-KØv NmØ-°pSw imkvXm-hm≥ ad-™p-h-s{X. alm-tZ-h≥t]mepw ]s¶-Sp- hn-sm-sSm∏w Duc-I-Ø-Ω-Xn-cp-h-Snbpw, he-Xp-`m-°p∂ Cu ]qcw Z¿in-°m≥ {io kzman-bmcpw Bdm- KØv tN¿∏v `K-hXnbpw 71¬∏cw B-IfpsS AI- - -´p- ] p- g - b n- s e- Ø n. t£{X- Ø nv ap∂n¬ C∂p º-Sn-tbmsS AWn-n-c-°p-∂p. sshIp-WvT-Øn¬ImWp∂ hneq-∂n-ØdbpsS ÿmØv kzman-bm¿ - - A- ¥ - i m- b n- b mb km£m¬ alm- h njv W pCcp-∏p-d∏n-®p. km[m-cW- ]q-cIm-gNIƒI≠ kzman- - - - v - e£vaotZ-hn-tbmSpw `qan-tZhntbmSpw IqSn hncm-bm¿°v Iq´n-sb-gp-s∂-≈n∏v hsc {]tXyI {]m[m- Pn-°p-I-bm-sW∂mWv k¶-ev]w. Zriy-{im-hy-kp-y-sam∂pw tXm∂n-bn-√. Znhy-Zr-jvSn-bp≈ kzman- μ-c-amb Cu Iq´n-sb-gp-∂-≈n-∏nv km£yw hln-bm¿°v Iq´n-sb-gp-s∂-≈n∏n¬ km£m¬ sshIp- °m≥ ]c-k-l{kw `‡-P--߃ HØp-tN-cp-∂p.WvTØnse A-¥im-bn-bmb alm-hn-jvWp-hn-s- - - `qan-tZ-hn-tbmSpw e£van-tZ-hn-tbmSpw H∏w Fgp-bmWv Z¿in-°m-m-bXv. kt¥m-jw-sIm≠v aXn- ∂≈n n¬°p∂ tXh-tcbpw, tZhn-am-tcbpw Hcp-ad∂ hnez-aw-Kew Ccp-∂n-cn-∏n¬ c≠p-ssI-sIm≠pw an®v {]Z-£nWwsh®p sXmgp-∂Xv k¿Δ-tZm-j-l-aÆp-hmcn inc- n-en-´p-hs{X. Cu `qan-˛Bdm-´p-]pg - - - chpw k¿Δm-`o-jvS-Zm-b-I-hp-am-Wv.A{Xbv°pw ]cn-]m-h--am-sW∂pw Iq´nsb-gp-s∂- aμm-c-°-S-hnse Bdm´v≈n∏v ka-bØv {io`q-an-tZho-kta-Xmb tXhsc- -{]Z-£n-Ww-sh®v sXmgp-∂Xv tam£-Zm-b-I-am- Bdm-´p-]pg]qcw Znhkw A¿≤-cm-{Xn-ap-X¬sW∂pw kzman-bm¿ ]d-™phs{X. - aμm-c-°-S-hn¬ KwKm-tZ-hn-bpsS km∂n-[y-ap-≠m- Ip-sa-∂mWv hnizm-kw. tXh¿ ssIX-h-f-∏n¬Iq´n Fgp-∂-≈n∏v h∂m¬ tZhn-am-cpsS Bdm´v XpS-ßp-I-bm-bn. hnj- Bdm-´p-]p-g]qcw mfn¬ A¿≤-cm{Xn tNmXn - lm-cn-bmb IS-em-t»cn ]njm-cn-°¬ `K-h-Xn-bmWv£{Xw D®-ÿm-o-bm-bm¬ tZh-ta-fbv°v sSp- - BZyw Bdm-Sp-∂-Xv. XpS¿∂v a‰p-tZ-hn-amcpw Bdm-m-b-IXzw hln-°p∂ Xr{]-bm¿ tXh¿ ssIX- Sp-∂p. Iq´n-sb-gp-∂-≈n-∏n-p-tijw hnf-°m-Nm-cw,h-f-∏n-se-Øp-∂p. ]√n-t»cn sk‚¿ apX¬ ssIX- tIfn-]‰v F∂nh Ign-™m¬ tXhcpw Duc-I-Ø-h-f-∏p-hsc tXh¿°v 11 B-I-fpsS AI-º-Sn-tbm- Ω-Øn-cp-h-Snbpw tN¿∏v `K-h-Xnbpw Bdm-´n-mbnsSbp≈ ]©-hm-Zyhpw XpS¿∂v 21 B-I-tfm-sS- ]cn-]m-h--amb aμmcwIS-hn-te°v Fgp-∂-≈p-∂p.bp≈ ]m≠n-ta-f-hp-am-Wv. ]m≠n-tafw Ah-km-n- ChnsS {]tXyIw k÷-am-°n-bn-´p≈ afi-]- Øn¬ tZho- t Z- h - ∑msc Cd-°n-sb-gp- ∂-≈n-°pw. Duc-Iw, Xr{]- b m¿, A¥n- °mSv t£{X- ߃°v hnim-e-amb aμmcwIS-hn¬ afi-]-ap-≠m-°p-∂- Xn-p≈ Ah-Im-iap- - ≠v. C{X- b - [ nIw tZho tZh∑mcpw `‡-Pßfpw ]s¶- - - Sp-°p∂ Bdm´v tIc- f- Ø n- e - X y- ] q¿Δ- a m- Wv. ]c- a - ] - h n- { X- amb Cu Bdm-´n¬ ]Xn- m- b n- c - ° - W - - 154 -
  • 32. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2011 kqN-I-amb aIpSw Hgn- hm-°n-bmWv tXh-cpsS aS- ° - b m- { X. ASpØ h¿jsØ ao- a m- k - Ønse {]Xo-£bp-ambn- Cud--Wn™ IÆp-I- tfmsS `‡¿ imkvXm- hnv AI- º - S n- b mbn t£{X-Øn-te-°v. {Kma-_en {Kma- c - £ - I - mb Bdm-´p-]pg imkvXmhv {Kmaw apgp-h≥ k©-cn®v P-ß-fn¬ Ap-{K-l- h¿jw sNmcn- b p- ∂ p. {Kma-Øns‚ c£-bmWv°nv `‡-P--߃ ]s¶-SpØv n¿hr-Xn-b-S-bp- {Kma-_-en-sIm≠v Dt±-in-®n-´p-≈-Xv. k‘y-°p-∂p. Bdm-´n-p-tijw Duc-I-Ø-Ω-Xn-cp-h-Snbpw tijw {io`p-X_en Ign™v t£{X-]m-eIv Xqhp- - -tXhcpw Hcp-an®v Bdm-´p-]pg t£{X-Øn-te- ∂-Xn-p-apºv hen-b-]m-Wn-sIm´n {Kma-_-en°v°p≈ hgn-at≤y iwJv apg-°p-∂p. Duc-I-Ø-Ω- imkvXm-hns Fgp-∂-≈n-°p-∂p. ]qc-]m-c-h-iy-Xn-cp-h-Sn-bm-Wv Bdm-´p-]p-g-t£{Xw BZyw {]Z- Øn¬ kpJ-kp-jp-]v-Xn-bn-em-≠p-t]mb Bdm-´p-]p-£nWw sh°p-∂-Xv. g-bnse tXh¿tdmUneqsS Fgp-∂-≈p∂ imkvXm- hns kzoI-cn-°m≥ `‡-P߃ nd-]dbpw ne- - - -HmNmcw hn-f-°p-ambn ImØp-n¬°pw. Pem-i-bw, t£{Xw, Xr{]bm¿ tXh¿ Bdm-´nv aμmcw IS-hn- m¬h-gn-°q-´v, s]cp-h-gn, DØa hr£w, {Kma-te°v bm{X-bm-bm¬ BXn-tY-b-mb Bdm-´p- Øns‚ me- X n- c p- I ƒ F∂n- h nSßfn- s ems°]pg imkvXmhv ]pd-tØ°v Fgp-∂-≈p-I-bm-bn. X{¥n _en-Xq-h-Ww. Bdm-´p-]p-g-bn¬n∂p ]pd-t£{Xw {]Z-£n-Ww-sh®v bm{X-bm-Ip∂ tZho- s∏-´m¬ hnim-e-amb ]mS-Øp-IqSn sIm‰w-Ip-f-ßc,tZ-h-∑m¿°v HmNmcw ]d-bp∂ NS-ßmWv ]n∂o- ssaºn-ffn, Duc-Iw, InSm-bv°p-fßc, Abn-n-°mSv, - - -Sv. tN¿∏v `K-h-Xn°pw Duc-I-Ø-Ω-Xn-cp-h-Sn°pw apØp-≈n-bm-ev, tN¿∏v, ta°m-hv, s]cp-h-w, Xncp-tXh¿°pw imkv X mhv "Ggp- I ≠w hsc hp-≈-°m-hv, h√-®n-d, NmØ-°p-Sw, ]nSn-°-∏-d-ºv,AIºSn t]mIp-∂p. ]njm-cn-°¬, sXm´n-∏mƒ F∂o t£{X-ß-fnepw AhnsS sh®v Bdm-´p-]pg t£{X-Øns‚ kμ¿in®v XncnsI Bdm-´p-]pg t£{X-Øn¬PyuXn-jn-I≥ KWn® ASpØ h¿j-Ønse ]qc- FØn t£{X-]m-e-Iv _en-Xqhn {Kma-_en Ah-Øns‚ XnøXn Bdm-´p-]pg tZhkzw {]Xn-n[n km-n-∏n-°p-∂p. ]n∂oSv sImSn-°p-tØm-Sp-IqSn ]qc-hnfw-_cw sNøp-∂p. cmP-Iob Inco-S-Øns‚ Øns‚ F√m NS-ßpIƒ°pw ]cn-k-am-]vXn-bm-bn. Fw. cmtP-{μ≥ : Bdm-´p-]pg IΩn-‰n-bn¬ 1985 apX¬ {]h¿Øn-®p-h-cp-∂p. tPmbn‚v sk{I-´-dn, sk{I-´dn F∂ ]Z-hn-Iƒ Ae-¶-cn-®n-´p-≠v. Ign™ 12 sIm√-ambn {]kn-U‚mbn {]h¿Øn-®p-h-cp-∂p. - 155 -