Makarajyothi 2010.
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Makarajyothi 2010, Theme based Souvenir published in connection with Makaravilakku festival of Thamaramkulangara Sree Dharmasastha Temple, Tripunithura, Kerala, India...

Makarajyothi 2010, Theme based Souvenir published in connection with Makaravilakku festival of Thamaramkulangara Sree Dharmasastha Temple, Tripunithura, Kerala, India
Publisher: Thamaramkulangara Ayyappa Seva Samithy
www.thamara.net

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Makarajyothi 2010. Makarajyothi 2010. Document Transcript

  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 ! {io]q¿Æ-{X-bo-ipw tNm‰m-n-°c AΩbpw kZbw klmbw apcfo mcm-b-W≥ ºq-Xn-cn-∏mSv (X-{¥n) ]pen-b-∂q¿ a (]q¿Æ-{io) Fcq¿ ]n.H. Xr∏q-Wn-Øpd ˛ 682 306 Phone: 2782005, 9895488613 18-12-2009 ÿqe-kq-£va-Im-cW cq]-Ønepw krjvSn-ÿnXn kwlm-c-cq-]-Ønepw `‡- ∑ msc Ap- { K- l n- ° p- h m≥ nXy- k m- ∂ n≤ywsNbvXpsIm≈p∂ Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc imkvXm-hns‚ Ap-{K-l-I-e-IƒF√m `‡-∑m¿°pw e`n-°p-am-dm-Is´ F∂v {]m¿∞n-°p-∂p. IqSmsXt£{X-k-an-Xn-bpsS kZv{]-hr-Øn-Iƒ°v F√m Biw-k-Ifpw t¿∂p-sIm-≈p-∂p. D’-hm-tLm-j-ß-tfm-S-p-_-‘n®v {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p∂ kvac-WnI""aI-c-tPymXn hnRvPm--{]-Z-am-Is´ F∂pw Biw-kn-°p-∂p. F∂v ]pen-b-∂q¿ apcfo mcm-b-W≥ ºq-Xn-cn-∏mSv 1
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 THAMARAMKULANGARA AYYAPPA SEVA SAMITHY TASS Mandir, Thamaramkulangara, Thripunithura - 682 301, Ernakulam Dt. BapJw kzmantb icWaø∏........... Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc {io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-t£-{X-Ønse aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLm-j-߃ kam-K-X-am-hp-I-bm-Wv. Ign™v Ggv h¿j-ßfm-bn, t£{Xm-Nm-cßsf-°p-dn-®pw, Ap-jvTm-IeIsf-°p-dn-®pw, `‡-P߃°v - - - - - - - - -Ah-t_m-[ap-≠m-°pI F∂ e£y-tØm-sS, D’-htØm-Sp-_‘n-®v, ""aI-ctPymXn F∂ ma-t[-bØn¬ Hcp kvac-Wn-I, Aø- - - - - - -∏-tk-hm-k-anXn {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®p-h-cp-∂p. Cu h¿jw taf-Iesb-°p-dn-®p-≈XmWv Rß-fpsS kwcw-`w. tZi-Im-et`-Zaty P-ßsf kzm[o-n-°p∂ Ie-bmWv taf- - - - - -Ie. AXp-sIm-≠p-X-s∂, Rß-fpsS Cu h¿jsØ DZy-ahpw Ah-k-tcm-Nn-X-sa∂v Icp-X-s´.... taf-sØ-°p-dn®v {]Xn-]m-Zn-°p-tºmƒ {]Y-a-K-W-o-b-hpw, Hgn®p-Iq-Sm-m-hm-Ø-Xp-amb ÿm-am-Wv, Xr∏q-Wn-Øpd{io]q¿Æ-{X-boi t£{X-Øn-se, F´p-mƒ o≠p-n¬°p∂ hr›n-tIm-’hØn-p-≈Xv. taf-Iebn¬ AZzn-Xo-bmb {io. s]cp- - - - - - -hw Ip´≥am-cm-cpsS {]am-WØn-ep≈ ]©m-cn-ta-fw, taf-sØ-°p-dn®v imkv{Xo-bm-ht_m-[an-√m-Øhcp-sS-t]epw IÆpw-ImXpw - - - - -ahpw Ih-cp-∂p-sh-∂Xv {]Xy-£m-p-`-h-am-Wv. Ime-{]-am-W-߃°-p-k-cn-®v, h¿≤n-®p-h-cp∂ D’m-l-tØmsS Nen-°p-∂,`‡s‚ Iøpw, saøpw Xs∂ CXnv nZ¿i-w. hr›n-tIm-’-h-Øns‚ ]cn-k-am-]vXn-bn¬ tJZn-°p∂ a- p-Iƒ, ]n∂oSv {]Xo-£-tbmsS ImØn-cn-°p∂ D’-h-amWvXma-cw-Ip-f-ßc {io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-hns‚ aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLm-j-߃. aI-c-hn-f°v Znhkw cmhn-se-bp≈ ]©m-cn-ta-f-Øn-pw, D®-I-gn-™p≈ ]©-hm-Zy-Øn-pw, cm{Xn-bnse {]kn-≤amb ]m≠n-ta-fØnpw ap∂n¬, Al-alan-Ibm I≠p-hcp∂ Bkzm-ZIhrµw - - - - - - -CXv km£y-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p. Cu h¿jsØ aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLm-j-ß-fn-epw, taf-Ip-e-]-Xn-bmb kZw Znhm-I-c≥amcm-cp-sS-bpw, {io. s]cp-hw kXo-i-s‚bpw tXr-Xz-Øn-ep≈ taf-Øn-m-bn, Bkzm-Z-I¿ A£-a-cmbn ImØn-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. {io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-hns‚ `‡¿, Ct∂mfw n¿tem`w ¬In-h-cp∂ klmbkl-I-c-W-ß-fm¬, t£{X-Ønse {]h¿Ø--ßsf√mw Xs∂, Rß-fpsS {]Xo-£-bv°p-a-∏pdw `wKn-bmbn n¿∆-ln-°p-hm≥ km[n-®p-h-∂n-´p-≠v. AXnp {]Xy-t£m-Zm-l-c-W-am-Wv, t£{X-]--cp-≤m-cW {]h¿Ø--߃°p-ti-jw, t£{X-tØmSv tN¿∂v InS-°p∂ Ggv sk‚v ÿew, t£{X-Ønvkz¥-am-°m≥ km[n-®Xv. Cu ÿeØv Hcp Du´p-]pc n¿Ωn-°pI F∂-XmWv kan-Xn-bpsS Ct∏m-gsØ e£yw. `‡¿ Ct∂mfw -¬In-h∂ klmb kl-I-c-W-߃ µn-tbmsS kvacn-°p∂p. Du´p-]pc F∂ kz]vw km£m¬°-cn-°p-∂-Xn¬, `‡-cpsSklmbw XpS¿∂pw e`n-°p-sa∂v R߃ {]Xym-in-°p-∂p. taf-I-e-sb-°p-dn®v Hcp kvac-WnI F∂ Bibw DS-se-Sp-Ø-t∏mƒ, cN--Iƒ°m-bn, ]e-scbpw R߃ kao-]n-®p.Ghcpw Xs∂ hfsc √ {]Xn-IcWamWv R߃°v ¬In-bXv. cN-IƒX∂v Rß-tfmSv kl-Icn® F√m kpa- p-Iƒ°pw - - - - - - -{io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-hns‚ Ir]m-ISm-£ßƒ n¿tem`w e`n-bv°s´ F∂v {]m¿∞n-°p-∂p. Cu kvac-WnI bmYm¿∞y-am-°p-hm≥ - -amk-ß-tfmfw ITn--{]-bXvw sNbvX kan-Xn-bpsS {]h¿Ø-I¿°v AI-a-gn™ µn {]Im-in-∏n-°-s´. {io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-hns‚ Ap-{K-l߃°mbn {]m¿∞n-®p-sIm-≠v, Cu kwcw-`w, ImWn-°bmbn Ahn-SpsØ ]Z-Iaeß- - - - - -fn¬ `‡n-]p-c- cw ka¿∏n-°p-∂p. APnXv Ipam¿ h¿Ω18-˛12-˛2009 {]kn-U‚v, Xma-cw-Ip-fßc Aø∏ tkhm kanXn - 2
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 THAMARAMKULANGARA AYYAPPA SEVA SAMITHY TASS Mandir, Thamaramkulangara, Thripunithura - 682 301, Ernakulam Dt. aI-c-tPym-Xn-bn-eq-sS............ {io]q¿Æ-{X-bo-is‚ {]P-Iƒ°v taf-kw-kv°mcw c‡-Øn¬ Aen-™p-tN¿∂n-´p-≈-Xm-Wv. hr›n-tIm-’hhpw AXn-tm-S-p-_-‘n-®p≈ AXn-{]-i-kvX-amb Fgp-∂-≈n-∏p-Ifpw taf-ßfpw Bkz-Zn-°p-hm≥ {io]q¿Æ-{X-boi k∂n- [n-bn¬ mSns‚ mm-`m-K-ß-fn¬ n∂p≈ Bkzm-Z-I¿ FØp-∂p. Cu D’-h-kw-kv°mcw Nph-Sp-]n-Sn-®mWv Xma-cw-Ip- f-ßc {io[¿Ω-imkvXm t£{X-Ønse B≠p-tXm-dp-ap≈ aI-c-hn-f-°p-’-hhpw Nn´-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. F√m h¿jhpw aIcw H∂nv Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc t£{X-Øn¬ Ac-tß-dp∂ ""taf-{Xbw Npcp-ßnb Ime-߃°p- ≈n¬ Xs∂ {]i-kvXn-bm¿÷n-®-Xn¬ Aø∏tkhmkan-Xn°p Nmcn-Xm¿∞y-ap-≠v. `K-hms‚ Fgp-∂-≈n-∏p-Iƒ cmP-IobamhWw F∂p-≈-t∏mƒ AI-º-Sn-bm-Ip∂ hmZy-ta-f-߃°v Xn-abpw imkv{Xo-b-Xbpw ]q¿Æ-ambpw D≠m-I-Ww. Cu e£y-amWv `K-hm≥{io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-hn-s‚bpw {io]q¿Æ-{X-bo-i-s‚bpw Ap{K-l-Øm¬ Xma-cw-Ip-f-ß-c-bn¬ Ac-tß-dp-∂-Xv. hmZy-ta-f-߃ AXn-hn-]p-ehpw sshhn[yw nd-™-Xp-am-Wv. Ch-sb-∏‰n mfn-Xp-hsc hf-sc-°p-d®v ]pkvX-I-߃ am{Xta {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®n-´p-≈q. ]n.-F-kv. hmcy-cpsS tIc-fob taf-I-e, F.-F-kv. F≥. ºo-is‚ Xmf-߃ Xmf-hm-Zy-߃, tIma-cØv tKm]m-e-ta-tms‚ Xmf-ta-f-߃, sI.-hn. cmP-tKm-]m-e≥ InSm-hns‚ tIc-f-Ønse t£{X hmZy-I-e-Iƒ F∂nh Hgn®m¬ Kl--amb ]T--߃ C√ F∂pXs∂ ]d-bmw.s]cp-hw Bdm-´p-]pg ]qc-°-Ωn-‰n-t]m-ep≈ taf-kw-kv°m-c-k-º-∂-am-b-h¿ {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®n-´p≈ kvac-Wn-I-Iƒ, hmZy-ta-f-I-em-Im-c-∑msc BZ-cn-°p-tºmƒ AXmXv {]h¿ØI kan-Xn-Iƒ {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®n-´p≈ kvac-Wn-I-Iƒ F∂nh {]iw-k-o-b-am-Wv. a‰p kam--kva-c-Wn-I-I-fn¬ n∂pw hyXy-kvX-amWv ""aI-c-tPymXn. CXv aIctPymXn-bpsS F´m-asØ ]Xn-∏m-Wv. F√m h¿jhpw GsX-¶nepw Hcp hnjbw am{Xw ssIImcyw sNø-s∏-Sp∂ aI-c-tPym-Xn-bn¬ Cu h¿jsØ hnjbw tIc-fo-b-cpsS kz¥-amb taf-am-Wv. {]Npc{]Nm-c-Øn-ep≈ taf-߃, A]q¿∆ taf-߃, taf-ß-fn¬ D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ hmZy-߃, ]T k{º-Zmbw, Bkzm-Z-I-cpsS ImgvN-∏m-Snse tafw XpS-ßnb A-h[n hnj-b-߃ Cu aI-c-tPym-Xn-bn¬ N¿® sNø-s∏-Sp-∂p. tafw Bkz-Zn-°p-hm≥ kmamy P-߃°v Ign-bWw F∂ Dt±-i-e-£y-tØm-sS-bmWv Cu aI-c-tPymXn Aø-∏-tk-hm-k-anXn {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-∂-Xv. {]K-¤-a-Xn-I-fmb teJ-I¿, sN≠bpw tImepw sIm≠v kwh-Zn-°p∂ Ap-{K-loX Iem-Im-c-∑m¿, ]pe¿s®-bm-bmepw, ´p-®-bm-bm-epw, ]mXn-cm-{Xn-bm-bmepw Bth-i-tØm-sSbpw D’m-l-tØm-sSbpw hmbp-hn¬ ssIIƒ Db¿Øn Xmfw-]n-Sn-°p∂ Bkzm-Z-I¿ XpSßn taf-hp-ambn _‘-s∏-´p-In-S°p∂ ao-jn-Iƒ Xøm-dm-°nb ]T-ßfpw, teJ-ßfpwsIm≠v kº-∂am-Wv Cu aI-ctPym-Xn. `‡-P߃°pw Bkzm- - - - - - - - - -Z-I¿°pw CXv Hcp ]pXnb Ap-`hw Bbn-cn°pw F∂p -Xs∂ kanXn hniz-kn-°p-∂p. kanXn {]h¿Ø-I-cpsS amk-߃ o≠ {]b-Xv-^-e-am-bmWv F√m-h¿jhpw aI-c-tPymXn ]pd-Øn-d-ßp-∂-Xv. Bb-Xn-tebv°v AI-a-gn™v t{]m’m-lw ¬Ip-∂, hnj-b-ß-sf-∏‰n B[n-Im-cn-I-ambn Fgp-Xp∂ teJ-I¿, ]c-ky-߃ ¬In Cu kwcw-`-Øn¬ ]¶p-tN-cp∂hy‡n-Iƒ, ÿm]-߃, atm-l-c-ambn A®-Sn®pXcp∂ amXm Hm^vsk‰v {]nt‚gvkv F∂n-h-tcm-Sp≈ kan-Xn-bpsS n o-a-amb µn Cubh-k-c-Øn¬ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Ø-s´. aI-c-tPym-Xn-bn-eqsS Adn-b-s∏-Sp∂ taf-߃ Bkz-Zn-°p-hm-p≈ Ahkcw Cu h¿jsØ aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLm-j-Øns‚ {]tXy-I-X-bm-Wv. D’-h-Zn-h-k-ß-fn¬ cm{Xn hnf-°nv hnhn[ A]q¿∆ taf-ß-fmWv AXns‚ ]q¿Æ-cq-]-Øn¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. {io. B¿.-F¬.-hn. atl-jvIp-am-dns‚ {]am-W-Øn¬ Ac-tß-dp∂ {[phw, AS-¥, A©-S-¥, Nº-ta-f-߃ Bkzm-Z-I¿°v hym-p-`hw Bbn-cn-°pw. aI-c-hn-f°v Znhkw S-°p∂ taf-{Xbw {io k-Zw Znhm-I-c-am-cm-cp-sSbpw {io. s]cp-hw kXo-i≥amcm-cp-sS-bpw {]am-W-Øn¬ S-°p∂ ]©m-cn-ta-fw, {io.-tNm-‰m-n-°c hnP-bpw {io. sN¿∏p-f-t»cn inh-pw bn-°p∂ ]©-hm-Zyw, {io. s]cp-hw kXo-is‚ {]am-W-Øn¬ S-°p∂]m≠n-ta-fw, ]Xn-hp-t]mse hmZy-ta-fm-kz-Z-I¿°p≈ Aø∏tkhm-k-an-Xn-bpsS taf-k-Zy-bm-bn-cn-°pw. F√m hmZy-ta-f-I-em-Im-c-∑m¿°pw Ah-cpsS IpSpw-_mw-K-߃°pw, `‡-P--߃°pw F√m-hn[ Bbp-cm-tcmKy kuJy-߃ D≠m-Ip-am-dm-Is´ F∂v `K-hm≥ {io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-hn-tmSpw tZi-m-Y≥ {io]q¿Æ-{X-bo-i-tmSpw AI-a-gn™p {]m¿∞n-°p-∂p. `K-hms‚ Xr∏m-Z-ß-fn¬ aI-c-tPym-Xn-bpsS Cu ]Xn∏pw ka¿∏n-°p-∂p. XmacwIpfßc Aø∏ tkhm kanXn {]h¿ØI¿°v th≠n ic-W-tLm-j-tØmsS IrjvWmYv. hn. I¨ho¿, aIchnf°mtLmj°Ωn‰n 3
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 Df-f-S°wXr∏q-Wn-Øpd D’hw ˛ XnømSn cma≥ 13taf-ß-fnse kmwkv°m-cn-Ihpw Ncn-{X-]-c-hp-amb Imev]m-Sp-Iƒ 23]n.-F≥. ºq-XncnicW Io¿Øw (IhnX) ˛ A-n-b≥ 51hiykp-µ-cao ]©mcn ˛ s]cp-hw Ip´≥am-cm¿ 57]m≠n-tafw ˛ kZw Znhm-Icamcm¿ 65{]Nm-c-ep-]vX-ß-fmb taf-߃ ˛ sI.-hn. cmP-tKm-]m-e≥InSmhv 69taf-Øns‚ q‰m-≠p-Iƒ ˛ sI.-kn. mcm-b-W≥ 83sN≠-ta-f-߃ ˛ Xr°m-ºpdw IrjvW≥Ip´n amcm¿ 97{ipXn-tafw ˛ Hcp kz]v-km-£m-XvImcw ˛ ]fl-{io. a´-∂q¿ i¶-c≥Ip-´n-am-cm¿ 101H®-∏m-Sns‚ {]Xy-b -imkv{Xw ˛ hn. Iem-[-c≥ 105Xmb-º-I-bvs°mcp k‘y-the ˛ It√-°p-f-ßc A®p-X≥Ip-´n-am-cm¿ 111Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc {io[¿Ω-im-kvXmhv (IhnX) ˛ im¥ ]Wn-°¿ 127taf-I-e-bnse ssieo-t`-Z-߃ ˛ tUm: F≥.-]n. hnP-b-Ir-jvW≥ 137taf- I-em-]-T-hpw taf-ßfpw ˛ ]gp-hn¬ cLp-am-cm¿ 141Ipdpw Ipg¬ ˛ Iogq´v µ≥ 145hmZy-tem-IØv sImºns‚ ÿmw ˛ HmS-bv°men apcfn 153Ce-Øm-f-Øns‚ kwKoXw ˛ sI.-F. inh-Zmkv h¿Ω 157sIm´ns‚ hk-¥-Imew ˛ Fw.-B¿.-F-kv. tatm≥ 163aa `mKyw taf-{Xbw ˛ s]cp-hw kXo-i≥ amcm¿ 177sN≠-ap-WvUm-kp-c≥! ˛ B¿.-sI. Zmtam-Z-c≥ 181taf-ta-Xm-bm-epw...... ˛ sI.-hn. apc-fo-tam-l≥ 185XmacwIpfßc taf{Xbw ˛ IrjvW-mYv hn. 187n߃°-dn-bmtam? 191tafIebnse a¨ad™pt]mb almcY≥am¿ 192tafhmZycwKsØ AXnImb∑m¿ 193 4
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 Xr∏q-Wn-Øpd D’hw (tZ-i-Øns‚ hmZy-]m-c-º-cyhpw tafm-kzm-Z--hpw) v XnømSn cma≥ v hr›nIw apX¬ taSw hsc ofp∂ Bdp h-ßfpw Ac-tß-dp∂ tIc-f-Ønse AwKp-cmZnamk-°mew tIc-f-Ønv ]qc-°m-e-am-Wv. ]qcw, hn`m-K-Øn-ep≈ hr›n-tIm-’hw tIc-f-Øn-te°vD’-hw, the, Xme-s∏m-en F∂n-ßs ]e-cq-]- sh®p-Xs∂ G‰hpw henb D’-h-am-Wv. ]cn-]m-Øn¬ Bbpw hmZy-tLm-j-ß-fp-an-√mØ Hcp Sn-I-fpsS .................... hne-bn-cp-Øp-tºmƒ InS-bp‰t£{Xtam Imthm C°m-ebfhn¬ ImWm≥ hnj- - - - Ccn-ßm-e-°pS D’-h-Øn-p-t]mepw ]m¿iz-ÿ-a-am-Wv. ]oTta e`n-°q. D’-h-߃°v hn[n-®n-´p≈ GXp t£t{Xm-’-h-ß-fpsS ]cn-]q¿ÆX-sb∂v ]cn-]m-Sn-Ifpw F´p-Zn-hkw ofp∂ D’-h-Im-eØvhnti-jn-∏n-°m-hp∂ Xr∏q-Wn-Øp-d-˛-Kp-cp-hm-bq¿-˛- Atlm-cm{Xw Ac-tß-dp-∂p.C-cn-ßm-e-°pS D’-h-߃ Cu ]qc-°m-e-Ønv 15 B-Isf Fgp-∂-≈n®v cmhnse ioth- en°pw cm{Xn hnf-°n-pap≈ aWn- °q-dp-Iƒ ofp∂, ]©mcntafw, AXn- { ]- i kv X kwKo- X - ⁄ - ∑ m¿ hsc ]s¶-Sp-°p∂ c≠pw aq∂pw It®- c n- I ƒ, hnf- ° p- m- f p- I - f nse ]pe- c pw- h - s c- b p≈ IY- I - f n, D® apX¬ sshIp- t ∂cw hsc- b p≈ c≠pw aq∂pw Xp≈-ep-Iƒ, hyXy- kvX-ssi-en-bn-ep≈ Xmb-º-I-Iƒ F∂nh CXn¬ {][m--am-Wv. o≠ a±-f-˛-sIm-ºp-˛-Ip-g¬∏-‰p-Iƒ, ]cn-j- hmZyw, CSbv° {]Z-£nWw XpSßn Xn-a-bp‰ A]q¿∆-amb ]e- hm-Zy- hn-tijßfpw D’-h-Øns‚ `mK-BZn- a - ≤ ym- ¥ - ß - f mbn hcp- ∂ p. Xr∏q- W n- Ø pd am-Wv. CXn-pw- ]p-dsa ]mT-Iw, Ipd-Øn-bm-´w, {]`m-{io]q¿Æ-{X-boi t£t{Xm-’-h-Ønv sImSn-I- j-W-߃, B-bq-´v, AI-ºSn mZ-kz-c-°-t®-cn,b-dp-∂Xv tIc-f-Øns‚ ]qtcm-’-h-߃°m-Wv. tIm¬°fn RmWn-t∑¬I-fn- t]m-ep≈ k‘y-°-taS-am-k-Øn¬ Ccn-ßm-e-°pS D’hw Ignt™ fn- I ƒ F∂n- ß s GXp Xe- Ø n- e p≈ P-Cu kmwkv°m-cn-tIm-’-h-Øns‚ sImSn-bn-d-°q. tØbpw ckn-∏n-°m≥t]m∂ a‰p-]cn-]m-Sn-Ifpw cm]- -ChnsS Xpd-∂- IpS aS-°p-∂Xv Ccn-ßm-e-°pS I¬ t`Z-sasy D’-h-m-fp-I-fn¬ Ac-tß-dp-∂p.D’h Bdm- ´ n- m- b n- c n- ° pw. tIc- f - Ø - n- a - b p‰ {][mw tafwt£t{Xm-’-h-ß-fn¬ {]Y-a-ÿmw ˛ BZy-sØ- KoX-˛-rØ˛hm-Zy-ß-fn¬ D’-h-Ønv hmZy-sX-∂Xn-ep-]cn-˛hen-∏Ønepw Xr∏q-Wn-Øp-dbv°m- - - - - - Øn-tm, It®-cnt°m IY-I-fnt°m Gsd {]m[m-Wv. AwKp-cm-Zn-˛-]-S-lm-Zn-˛-[z-PmZn aq∂p-hn[w D’- y-sa∂v JWvUn-X-ambn ]d-bm≥ hnj-a-am-Wv. 5
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010F¶n¬Xs∂bpw D’-h-Øns‚ DuSpw ]mhp-ambn eqsS oßn ]Sn-™msd X´p-am-fn-I°v apºn¬h¿Øn- ° p- ∂ Xv c≠p- t - c - a p≈ B- s b- g p- ∂ - A©mwIme-tØmsS (A-XmWv cmP-hm-gvN-°m-≈n∏pw ]©m-cn-ta-fhpw Xs∂. B-∏-¥n-bn¬ esØ ""Xncp-ap-ºn¬ tafw ˛ mSp-hm-gp∂ henbapØp-°p-S- Xg Be-h´ sh©m-actØmsS 15 B- - - Xºp-cm≥ Fgp-∂-≈n-bn-cp∂v hmZy-°m¿°v bYm-Iƒ°v at≤y cmP-Iob {]uVn-bn¬ Fgp-∂-≈n- tbmKyw kΩm- - ß ƒ sImSp- Ø n- c p- ∂ Xv ]Sn-n¬°p∂ ]q¿Æ-{X-bo-iv ap∂n¬, Bth-iw- ™msd X´p-am-fn-I-bnem-bn-cp-∂p) ]©m-cn- Xo-cp-sIm≠ tafm-kzm-ZI¿°v Sp-hn¬, qdpw q‰-ºXpw - ∂p. XpS¿∂v AS¥ "hlbpw hSs° S-bv°¬t]¿ Ah- X - c n- ∏ n- ° p∂ ]©m- c n- t afw H∂mbn- AS¥ aq∂pw -mepw Imew tafhpw, Iem-in-®v -ap-cn°pw Xr∏q-Wn-Øpd D’-h-sa-∂m¬ Bcp-tSbpw dn-∏-©m-cn-bn-eqsS sNº-S-bn-te°v IS∂v memw-a-   n¬ BZyw sXfn- b p- ∂ - X v . D’- h - Ø ns‚ Imew sIm´n Xocp-sIm-´p-∂-XmWv taf-®n-´.Bflm-hv-kzXzwAXp-X-s∂. D’-h-ta-f-Øns‚ Xr∏q-Wn-Øp-d-bn¬ as‰mcp Ime-Øn-pw-˛-A¥ pw Kuc-hhpw c≠p-t-c-ap≈ B-sb-gp-∂- A©mw Ime-Øn-p-t]mepw ImWmØ Bth-i-≈n∏pw tafhpw Xs∂. amWv S-∏p-c-bn¬ Ac-tß-dp∂, Ap-_‘-ambn ]g-bsIm®n»oa-bpsS Bÿm-sa-∂n-ebn- - - - - sIm´p∂, Ac-a-Wn-°q-tdmfw ofp∂ sNºS taf-epw, cmP-Ip-Spw-_Øns‚ Bÿm-- t£-{X-sa-∂- -- Øn-v. AXp tcn¬ I≠m-kz-Zn-°m-mbn kv{XoI-n- e - b nepw Xr∏q- W n- Ø p- d °pw ]q¿Æ- { X- b oi f-S°w H´ph-fsct]¿ tc-sØ-Øs∂ S-∏p-c-t£{X-Ønpw ]t≠ Gsd {]m[m-y-ap-≠m-bn-cp- bv°p-Np‰nepw tKm]p-c-Ø-d-bnepw Xn°n-Øn-c-°n-∂p. Xriq-cns‚ tafhpw, Xncp-h--¥-]p-c-tØbpw ÿm-w-]n-Sn-°p-∂p. s√mcp hn`m-K-Ønv taf-sa-]me-°m-Sn-s‚bpw kwKo-Xhpw, sX°pw-˛-h-S°pw ∂m¬ Cu Ap-_-‘-ta-f-am-Wv. S-∏p-c-tafwssien-bn-ep≈ IY-I-fnbpw, ]Xn-‰m-≠p-Iƒ°p- tIƒ°m≥ am{Xw hcp-∂-h-cp-≠v. tafw Dt±-in-®-apt∂ ChnsS ktΩ-fn-®n-cp-∂p. Xr∏q-Wn-Øp-dbn¬ - hn[w sImgp- Ø n- s √- ¶ ntem, Bh¿Øn- ® p≈tafw {]am-Wn-°p-I, IY-Ifn°v BZy-hkm-thjw - - - Iemiw Ht∂mct≠m Ipd-™mtem, D’-h-ta-f-sI´p-I, It®cn S-ØpI F∂Xv AXmXv cwK- Øns‚ Kuchw Ipd-™-Xmbn Icp-Xp-∂-hcpw Ipd-Øp-≈hcpsS kz]vam-bn-cp-∂p˛Aw-Ko-Im-cam-bn-cp- - - - - h-√.∂p. amS-£n-Xo-i-∑m-cpsS ]cn-em-f--bn¬ ]cn-]p- taf-Ønse Iqd-S°wjv°eam-°s∏´ Cu t£t{Xm’hw Cu P-Iob - - - taf-Øns‚ ]cn-]q¿ÆX ]qc-ß-fpsS `mK-bpK- Ø nepw H´pw aß- t e- e v ° msX cmP- I ob am-bp≈ H‰ta-fßfn-emWv ImWp-I. ]¥w ncs° - -{]uVn-tbmsS mSns‚ D’-h-am-bmWv sIm≠m- ]nSn-®p-sIm-≠p≈ s]cp-hw ]©m-cn-bpsS Blm-Sp-∂-Xv. cy-`w-Kn-tbm, Ip´-s-√q-cns‚ AwK-em-h-Wytam 15 B-Iƒ°v nc-°m≥ ]mI-Øn-ep≈ B- Bdm-´p-]p-g-bpsS tafm-th-itam, FS-°p-∂n-bpsS∏¥n, Xncp-ap-‰w, th≠-Xn-tesd {]K-¤-cmb hmZy- FXn-cn-√mØ A©mw Imetam, F´pw- ]Øpw߃, Zqc-tZ-i-ß-fn¬ n∂p-t]mepw h∂p-tNcp∂ Znhkw c≠p- t cw Ac- t ß- d p∂ D’- h - t a- f -Bkzm-Z-I-hr-µw, taf-s°m-gp∏v H´pw tNm¿∂p-t]m- ߃°p≠m-hn-√. Xr∏q-Wn-Øp-dbpw AXn-∂-]-hm-ImØhn[w X´p-am-fn-I-tbmSp IqSnb aXn-ev°Iw, Z-a-√. t]msc-¶n¬ D’-h-_ent]mep≈ Xm{¥n-Ch taf-Øns‚ Ihpw A¥ pw as‰-ßp-an-√m- I-®-S-ß-p-Iƒ°pw a‰pw tafw hgn-am-td-≠-Xm-bpwh-Ø-hn[w h¿≤n-∏n-°p-∂p. cpw. D’-h-ta-f-߃°p≈ Cu ]cn-an-Xn-IƒsIm- ssIøpw tImep- a mbn c≠p- t - c - a p≈ ≠mhmw, ]Øp-m-gn-I-sb∂ ]©m-cn-bpsS hyh-]©mcntaf-Ønv A©p-Im-ehpw, Ap-_‘ambn - - ÿm-]n-X-ssZ¿Ly-tØ-°mƒ taf-Øns‚ Iqd-S-°-AS-¥-˛-sN-ºS "hlbpw tafhpw n¿∫-‘-am-Wv. Øn- mWv Xr∏q- W n- Ø pdbn¬ {]m[m- yw.B-∏-¥n°v ap∂n¬ Imew ncØn Ime-am-‰-Øn- Hs∂m∂c aWn-°q¿ ]Xn-Im-ew, 20 ann‰phoXw 6
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010c≠pw aq∂pw mepw Ime-߃, Ac-a-Wn-°q¿ kwKoX D]-I-c-W-amWv ]‰nse Ipg¬. a±-f-˛-sIm-A©mw Imew F∂n-ßsbmWv c≠caq∂p aWn- ºv˛Ip-g¬∏-‰p-Iƒ q‰m-≠p-Iƒ ]g-°ap≈ ΩpsS -- -°q-tdmfw ofp∂ D’-hta-fØns‚ Ap-]m-Xw. - - {]mNo D’-hm-¥-co£w ]p:krjvSn-°p-∂-Xn¬AXp-sIm-s≠m∂pw tafw ""sNdp-Xm-Ip-∂n√. I- henb ]¶p-h-ln-°p-∂p.Ønepw Kuc-hØnepw Xr∏q-Wn-Øpd D’-htafw - - at≤ym-Ø-c-tI-c-f-Øn¬ ]cn-Nn-X-a-√mØta¬]-d™ at‰Xp taf-Ønpw InS-bp-‰Xm-Wv. - Ap-jvTm-hm-Zy-amb ]cn-jhmZyw ]°n-eSn-®p-sIm- - - -Xn-a-bp‰ tIfn-∏‰v ≠p≈ AXns‚ {]tbm-K-co-Xn-bn¬ Gsd {]tXy- ]Øpw ]Xn-©pw t]¿ AWn-n-c-°p∂ I-X-bp-≈-Xm-Wv. taf-˛-Xm-b-º-I-Iƒ°v hn]-co-X-Xmb-º-I-®n-´-bn-ep≈ a±-f-∏‰v Ccn-ßm-e-°p-S-bn¬ ambn D’-h-hm-Zy-ß-fnse sX°≥ kzm[o--amWvam{Xw C{X-h-ep-X-s√-¶nepw Is≠-∂p-h-cpw. a±fw ]cn-j-hm-Zy-Øn¬°m-Wp-I.C{X-sbm-∂n®v as‰-hn-sS-sb-ßnepw ImWm≥Xs∂ BZy aq∂v Zn-ß-fn¬ k‘ybv°v B-∏-km[n-s®-∂p-h-cn-√. AS¥, A©-S¥t]mep≈ ¥n-bn¬ Ac-tß-dp∂ hyXy-kvX-ssi-en-I-fn-ep≈hyXy-kvX--S-I-fnepw k¶o¿Æ Xmf-ß-fn-epap≈, Xmb- º I Iem- ] - c n- ] mSn am{X- a m- W v . nd™A©pw F´pw-t]¿ tN¿∂v hnfn-°p∂, o≠-sIm- kZ pw XnI™ thZn-bp-am-sW-¶nepw, Xmc-X-ºp-]‰v A≤zm--`m-c-ta-dnb B kp-jn-c-hm-Zy-Øns‚ tay hm-KXmb Cu Iem-cq-]Ønv hnf-°ns‚ - - - `mK-a-√m-Ø-Xn-m¬ Ap-jvTm--`m- h-an-√. Bdm-´p-k-‘y-bnse ]©-hm- Zyhpw, cm{Xn-bnse ]m≠nbpw, D’- h-Øns‚ as‰mcp apJ-am-Wv. tafw tNmcmØ S-∏p-c-bn¬ sIm´p∂ ]©- h m- Z y- Ø nse hnfw- _ - I mew {]uV-am-Wv. aXnev°v ]pdØv B Kuchw Ap-`-h-s∏-Sn-√. Ah-km-- taf-am-bXpsIm≠m-Imw, ]m≠n°v {]tXy-I- tbm-KyXsbm∂pw Ah-Im- i-s∏-Sm-m-hn-√. Xr∏q-Wn-Øpdbn¬ ]©m- c n- t bmfw Bkzm- Z - I - c n√ ]m≠n°pw ]©-hm-Zy-Ønpw. tafm-Bhn-jv°m-c-km-≤y-X-I-fmWv Am-h-cWw sNøp- kzm-Z--Ønse kv{Xokm∂n≤yw aXn-ev°-IØv∂-Xv. XnI™ Xmf-⁄m--ap≈ht sImºp-]- Bcpw {i≤n-®p-t]m-Ipw. h¿j-ß-fm-bp≈ tIƒhn-‰nv Xmfw ]nSn-°m-m-Iq. kao] ImeØv Dcp-Øn- Ø- g - ° w- s Im≠v ]©mcn A©pw sNºScn™ ]©-hm-Zy-Ønse ""XºIw Iml-f-≤z-n- mepwt]mep≈ Ipdp-Inb Ime-߃ Hs´mcp ]cn-bpsS as‰mcp kzX-{¥-a-tm-[¿Ω{]-tbm-K-am-Wv. [n-hsc kp]-cn-Nn-X-am-tW-h¿°pw. B°pw hmZy-AXp-t]mseXs∂, cmKw-˛-Xm-w-˛-]-√-hn-˛-cm-K-am-en- °m¿°p- s a- ∂ - t ]mse tafw- n∂v ImWmpwI-tbmsSbp≈ AXn-ssZ¿Ly-am¿∂ Ipg¬∏‰v tIƒ°mpw Bkzm-Z-I¿°p-ap≠v Xr∏q-Wn-ØpdD’-h-Øns‚ as‰mcp henb ]mc-º-cy-am-Wv. AXn- aXn-e-IØv Ah-c-h-cpsS ÿmw. s√m-cp-i-X-am-hn-ZKv≤m-sbmcp Ipdpw-Ip-g¬°m-cv am{Xsa Xr∏q- - - w -t]cpw nhr-Øn-bp-s≠¶n¬ kzÿmw hn´p-Wn-Øpd aXn-ev°-IØv Ipg¬∏‰v hnfn-°m-mIq. amdn-√. D’-hm-fp-Ifnse c≠p-t-cap≈ Cu tafm- - - -taf-Ønse hmtZym-]-I-c-W-sa-∂-Xn-t-°mƒ Hcp kzm-Zw Iem-Im-cpw Bkzm-ZIp-an-Sbn¬ hy‡n- - - - 7
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010_‘w hf¿Øp-∂p. as‰-ßpw-Im-WmØ Cu hmZy- n∂-t√-sb∂v tNmZn-®m¬ As√∂p ]d-bm-m-ku-lrZw hmZy-°m-tcbpw Bthiw sIm≈n-°p- Iptam?∂p. "hlbpw hl-tbm-S-p-_-‘n-®p≈ tafhpwS-∏p-c-ta-f-Ønse Aan-Xm-thiw hIbmbn-Xs∂ sIm´p-∂-XmWv `wKn. {][m--ta- D’htaf-®¿®-bn¬ hy‡n-]-c-amb Nne fsØ At]-£n®v Ap-_-‘-ta-f-tØm-Sp≈ Cu Aan-Xm-thiw Xr∏q-Wn-Øp-d-bpsS tafm-kzm-Z--A`n-{]m-b-ßfpw ChnsS N¿®m-hn-j-b-am-I-s´. Øn¬ Ft¥m Hcp icn-tISv Ap-`-h-s∏-Sp-∂p.]©m-cn-tb-°mƒ B°hpw Bth-ihpw Xr∏q-Wn-Øpd S-∏p-c-ta-f-Øn-m-Wv. S-∏pc taf-sa-∂m¬ A]q¿∆ taf-߃°pw Hch-kcwapt∂-∏-d-™-t]mse "hl Ign-™p≈ sNºS 15 ]©m-cnbpw Hcp ]m≠n-bp-sa-∂mWv taf-memw-Im-ew. {][m--ta-f-Øn-n-√mØ s]mXp-P ®n-´. CØcw Nn´-h-´-߃ t£t{Xm-’-h-ß-fpsSBthiw Ac-a-Wn-°q-tdmfw ofp∂ sNºS taf- hy‡n-Xzw-Iq-Sn-bm-Wv. Ah ne-n¬t°-≠-Xp-X-Øn-emWv ImWp-∂-Xv. Cu tafw C{X XI¿Øp- s∂. F∂n- c p- ∂ m¬ Xs∂ tafm- k zm- Z - I ¿°vsIm-t´-≠-XmtWm? tIƒ°m≥ km[n-°p-am-bn-cp∂ s√m-c-h-kcw 15 ]©m-cn-sb∂ am‰-an-√mØ D’-h- ]m- c - º cyw ntj- [ n- ° p- ∂ p- s h∂v tXm∂p-∂p. D’-h-Øns‚ F´p-Zn-- ß-fn-embn Ac-tß-dp∂ 16 taf-ß- fn¬ ]Xn- ©pw ]©m- c n- b m- W v . CXn¬ D’-h-_en Zn-ß-fnepw a‰pw-sIm-´p∂ {]mtbW ssZ¿Lyw Ipd™ ]©m- c n- I ƒ°p- ]- I cw A]q¿∆-ta-f߃°qSn Ac-tß-dm≥ - Ah- k - c - a p- s ≠- ¶ n¬ D’- h - t a- f - Ønv Hcp ]pXnb amw- X s∂ ssIh-cp-am-bn-cp-∂p. sNº-S, AS-¥, A©-S-¥, Nº, {[phw F∂o taf- ߃ taf-cm-P-mb ]©m-cn-bpsS tafw-Ign™p ]pd-Øn-dßp-tºmƒ sNhn-bn¬ - - In-jvT-k-tlm-Z-c-∑m-cm-Wv. Cu A©p sNdp-ta-f-apg-tß-≠Xv {][m--ta-f-amb ]©mcn Xs∂-bm- ßfpw, ]Øv ]©m-cnbpw, Hcp ]m≠n-bp-am-bn-cp-Wv. ]t£ Xr∏q-Wn-Øpd tafw Ign-™p -t]m-Ip- s∂-¶n¬ BkzmZ-I¿s°-∂-t]mse {]tbm-‡m-tºmƒ sNhn-bn¬ Xßp-∂Xv hmkvX-h-Øn¬ °ƒ°pw taf sshhn-[y-Øn-∂-h-k-c-am-Ip-am-bn-cp-Ah-kmw XI¿ØpIpep-°nb sNºS taf-am-Wv. ∂p. Cu A]q¿∆ taf-߃ Ac-tß-dmpw Nne-taf- Ø ns‚ Bghpw ebhpw ]Xn- I m- e - Ø n¬ th-ZnIƒ-tht≠? C∂nh tIƒ°m≥ Kpcp-hm-bq¿,Bkz-Zn-°m-dm-I-Ww. ]Xn-Imew tIƒ°m≥ {i≤- Fd-Wm-Ip-fw, Xr{]-bm¿, sImSp-ß-√q¿ t]mep≈bn-√m-sX, S-∏p-c-°-emiw tIƒ°m≥ _≤-s∏-Sp- Nne- t£-{X-ß-fnte km[n-°q. A]q¿∆ taf-߃∂-h¿ √ tafmkzmZI-cmtWm? Ah¿°v D’-h- apgp-h≥ Ac-tß-dp∂ Kpcp-hm-bq¿t]mepw, tafm-Øns‚ ]©mcn taf-sa-∂m¬ S-∏p-c-bnse sNº- kzm-Z--Øns‚ √ thZn-bmbn Bkzm-Z-I¿ ImWp-S-ta-f-amWv! Hs´mcp-]-cn[nhsc ChnsS tafw hne- ∂n-√. tafm-kzm-Z-I¿ Xnßn-°q-Sp-∂, A]q¿∆ taf-bn-cp-Ø-s∏-Sp-∂Xv taf-Øns‚ im_vZn-I-s°m-gp- ߃ sIm´m≥ {]m]vX-cmb hmZy-°m¿ AWn-n-c-∏n¬am{Xw A`n-c-an-°p-∂-h-cpsS A`n-{]m-b-Øn¬ °p∂ Xr∏q-Wn-Øp-dbn¬ AXn-∂hkcan-√Xm-pw. - - - - - - 8
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010]Xn-Im-e-߃ IpdpIn ]©mcn a´n¬ XpSßn S- kmw-kv°m-cnI tI{µ-ßfpw Xr∏q-Wn-Øp-d-bpsSam-‰Øn-eqsS X-Xmb hy‡nXzw {]m]n-°p∂ Cu - al-Ømb Iem-]m-c-ºcyw ne-n¿Øp-∂-XnepwsNº-S-ta-f-߃ Bkzm-Z-I-lr-Z-b-Ønepw ]Xn-tb- hf¿Øp-∂-Xnepw henb ]¶p-h-ln-°p-∂p-≠v.≠-Xt√? AXn-p≈ G‰hpw √ Ah-k-c-am-Wn- D’h kzm[owhnsS jvS-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. D’-h-]m-c-ºcyw F¥m-bmepw C∂v kao-]- H∂pIq-Sn. taf-Øns‚ kncm-tI-{µ-am-bn´pw IY- t£-{X-ß-fnte°pw i‡n-bmb kzm[ow sNep-I-fnbpw kwKo-Xhpwt]mse Xr∏q-Wn-Øp-d°m-cpsS - ØnØp-S-ßn-bn-cn-°p-∂p-sh∂v ImWmw. taf-]m-c-c‡-Ønep≈XmtWm tafw? As√-∂p-thWw ]d- ºcyw Xma-cw-Ip-f-ß-cbpw, kwKoXw N°w-Ip-f-ß-bm≥. AXv Xriq-cn¬ n∂v ]dn-®p--´-Xm-sW∂v cbpw √ ne-bn¬ Gs‰-Sp-Øn-cn-°p-∂p. KoX-˛-{ih-W-am-{X-bn¬ Ap-`-h-s∏-Spw. Xriq¿°m-cn- r-Ø-˛-hm-Zy-ß-tf-Xpw-˛-A-]q¿∆-ta-f-߃hsc ]Tn-√mØ Hcp D’-h-tafw ChnsS k¶¬∏n-°m-m- °m≥ thW-sa-¶n¬ C∂n-hnsS Ah-k-c-ap-≠v.hptam? taf-tØ-°mƒ Bgv∂n-dßn-bhcv ChnsS - - hyXy-kvX-ssi-en-bn-ep≈ Xmb-º-I-Ifpw, Np‰p-h-kwKo-XØnpw IY-Ifn-°p-ap-≠v. - - ´-Øp≈ t£{X-k-t¶-X-ß-fn¬ apgßnØpS-ßn-bn- H∂p]-dbmsX hø. Bbpw hmZyhpw Xr∏q- - cn-°p-∂p. ]m≠n-bnepw ]©-hm-Zy-Ønepw acSvWn-Øp-d-°m-cpsS Zu¿∫-ey-am-Wv. hmZy-°m-tcbpw Xr∏q-Wn-Øp-d°v Hcp]Sn ap∂n-em-Wv. IY-I-fn-°p-Iem-Im-c-∑m-tcbpw Gsd BZ-cn-°p-∂-m-SmWv am{Xw (IY-Ifn tI{µsØ ad-∂p-sIm-≠√) HcpXr∏q-Wn-Øp-d. I- Ø - t hZn F¥p- s Imt≠m D≠m- I p- ∂ - X mbn Xr∏q-Wn-Øpd D’-h-˛-hm-Zy-]m-c-º-cy-sØ-˛- ImWp-∂n-√.m-Sns‚ hmZy-˛-taf Bkzm-Z-sØ, hna¿i tafw-˛-I-Y-I-fn-˛-kw-KoXw C{X ka-RvP-k-_p≤ym kz¥w-n-e-bn¬ tm°n-°m-WpI am{X- ambn ktΩ-fn-°p∂ as‰m-cp-mSv ImWm-m-hn-√.am- W n- h nsS sNbv X - X v . Xr∏q- W n- Ø p- d - b psS at‰- sXmcp Iem- ] m- c- º - cy- a p≈ mSm- bmepw ˛Iem-]m-c-ºcyw B¿°pw Ipd®p ImWm-m-hn√ H∂ns‚ B[n-Iy-Øn¬ as‰m-∂ns‚ A`mhw As√-{io]q¿Æ-{X-boi t£{X-Ønp ]pdsa m´n-ep≈ ¶n¬ Ipdhv Ap-`hs∏-Sm-Xn-cn-°n-√. Iem-cw-KsØ - -a‰p-t£-{X-ß-fpw, B¿.-F¬.-hn. tImtf-Pv, IY-I- Cu kma-RvPkyw Xr∏q-Wn-Øpd D’-h-Øns‚fn, kwKo-X˛Iq-Sn-bm´ tI{µ-߃ XpSßn ]e Iem- -- kw`m-h--bm-Wv. XnømSn cma≥ :˛ apf-¶p-∂Øp-Imhv "XnømSn cma≥ ºym¿. DZ-bm-kvXab°qØ-S°w henb Xnøm´v - - S-Øp-hm≥ {]m]vXn-bp≈ Ccp-h-cn¬ AZzn-Xo-b≥. XnI™ tafm-kzm-Z-I≥. Ct∏mƒ Xr∏q-Wn-Øp-d- bn¬ Xma-kw. mVecf MjCX D’h Znhkßfn¬ ùMrakebfnfvgúf¬ svÖxbfäTgkW ceùlceCx släfãfTgÿlx. FlfvebMõceã svÖx Y©pv~WTx bBfheëeãf Dqh¥fTebgÿleCx. 9
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 taf-ß-fnse kmwkv°m-cn-Ihpw Ncn-{X-]-c-hp-amb Imev]m-Sp-Iƒ v ]n.-F≥. ºq-Xncn v Ie- I - s f√mw Xs∂ kwkv ° m- c - Ø ns‚ c≠p-ap-J-ß-tfm-Sp-IqSn {]I-Sn-∏n-°p∂ coXnbpwk¥- X n- I - f m- W v . as‰m- c p- X - c - Ø n¬ ]d- ™ m¬ tIc-f-Øns‚ kzØm-Wv. taf-ß-fpsS D¤-h-Im-e-kwkv°m-cØns‚ kq£vamw-i߃IqSn Ie-Ifn¬ - - - Øp-Xs∂ Cu coXn ne-hn¬ h∂n-cn-°-Ww.Bg-Øn¬ Bte-Jw sNbvXn-´p-≠m-Ipw. Ah ImcWw IqSp-X¬ {]mNo-Xzw Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sp∂AXy¥w Kp]vXßfmbpw hy‡-ßfmbpw tcJ-s∏- - - - ]m≠n- t a- f - Ø nepw CXv Zriy- a m- W v . AXy¥wSp-Øn-bhbm-Imw. Nne-t∏m-g√, an°-t∏mgpw Ncn-{X- - - - hnfw_-Im-e-Øn¬ XpSßn {ZpXtam AXn-{Zp-XtamIm-c∑m¿ Zp¿{Kl-ßfmb ]e ]cn-Wm-aßtfbpw - - - - Bb Ime-Øn¬ Iem-in-°pI BWt√m taf-ssi-hymJym-n-°m≥ Ie-Isf B{i-bn°mdp≠v. CØcw]T-ßfn¬ A{]-[m-ßsf∂p X≈-s∏-´hbmhmw - - - - - -a‰p-Nn-e¿°v A¤p-Xm-hlamb Is≠-Øep-Iƒ°v - - -hgn-sbm-cp-°p-I. bi:ico-cmb Cf-¶pfw Ip™≥ -]n≈-bpsS ]T-߃ CXnp nZ¿i-am-W.v {]Ir- - -jvSßfmb Ie-Isf Ap-[m-hw sNbvXp-In-´p∂ - -nK-aßtf-°mƒ {]mIr-Xhpw Ap-jTm-]cß- - - - v - -- -fp- a mb Ie- I sf ]Tn- ® m¬ In´p- ∂ - h bv ° vsshinjvSyw IqSmw. ImcWw Ah {Kmao-WcpsS -kw`m-hIfm-W.v Xnd, sXøw, apSn-tb‰v XpS-ßn-b- - - -hbv°v Cu kz`mhw D≠v. Ah, {]IrjvS Ie-I-tfmfw Kth-jI¿°v A{X Ffp∏w hg-ßp-Ibn-s√- - -s∂mcp sshj-ay-ap-≠v. Ah-bpsS ASn-th-cp-Iƒhfsc Bg-Øn-em-sW-∂-XmWv CXnp Imc-Ww.AXp-Xn-cs™-ØpI {ia-Icam-W.v F¶nepw Atz- - - -j-WØnv Hcp {]tXyI kpJ-ap-≠.v - tIc-f-Øn-p-am{Xw Ah-Im-i-s∏-´-Xmb HcpA¤pX Iem-cq-]-k-aq-l-amWv taf-ß-fpw, ]©-hm-Zy-hpw, Xmbw-]Ibpw a‰pw. Chbv°v Xpeytam kam- -tam Bb Hscm‰ Iem-cq]w t]mepw temIØvFhn-tSbpw Ds≠∂p tXm∂p-∂n-√. kl-{km-_vZ-ß- t fmfw ]g- ° - a p≈ taf- ß ƒ FßsF¥n¬n∂v cq]w-sIm-≠p- F∂v Duln-°p-hm≥X°-hÆw tcJ-I-sfm∂pw e`y-a√ Xs∂. AXp- en. Xmf-Ønse AXm-Xp-Im-e-ß-fnse A£csIm-≠p-X-s∂ Ah-bpsS ]g°w n¿Æ-bn-°m-h- kwJy-Isf ASp-Ø-Im-e-Øn¬ ]Ip-Xn-bm°n Ipd-X-√. temI-Øn¬ Fhn-tSbpw D¤-hn-°p-Itbm bv°-W-sa-∂-Xn-m¬, AXn-p-]m-I-Øn¬ Imewne-n¬°p-Itbm sNøm-Ø-hn[w Xmf-ßsf Ib-‰pI F∂ coXn-bpw, Imew Iem-in®v ASp-Ø- 10
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010Xn-te°p IS-°pI An-hm-cy-am-b-hbv°v ne- ambn sIm´p-Iƒ Ipd-bp∂ H∂ma-sØ-Øcw taf-hnse Ime-Øns‚ Cc´n°mew hsc Ib-‰pI ßsf Ap-tema taf-ß-sf-∂pw, A£-c-ImeF∂ coXnbpw taf-ß-fn-ep-≠v. Imew Iem-in- hyXym-k-Ønp {]Xn-tem-a-am-bn, AY-hm, hn]-co-°msX ASpØ Ime- Ø n- t e°v IS- ° p- ∂ - h - Xm-p-]m-X-Øn¬ sIm´p-Iƒ°v G‰-°p-d-®n¬ hcn-bv°p≈ {Ia-ambn apdp-Ip∂ ssien lnµp-ÿmn I-bm¬ c≠m-asØ hI taf-ßsf {]Xn-tema taf-kwKo- X - Ø n¬ I≠p- a p- ´ m- s a- ¶ nepw, taf- ß sf ߃ F∂pw hyh-l-cn-°mw.AXns‚ Nph-Sp-]n-Sn-®mWv Nn´-sN-bvXsX∂p Ap- - LS-m-]-c-ambn c≠mbn Xncn-°m-hp∂ taf-am-n-°p-∂Xv bmYm¿XyØn¬ n∂p-ap≈ Hfnt®m- ß-fn¬ ]ucm-Wn-IXzw IqSp-X-ep≈ taf-߃°v´-amtb Icp-Xm-sm-°q. kao] {]tZ-i-ß-fp-ambn Dƒs°m-≈m-hp-∂n-S-tØmfw kmwkv°m-cnI LS-D≠m- I m- n- S - b p≈ kº¿°- ß ƒ°p- t ]mepw I-߃ A¿∆m-No-ßfmbhbpƒs°m-≈pI {]bm- - -XymPy-amb kzm[o-ap≈ tIc-fIem-¥co£w hnZq- - - - - k-am-Wv. F∂m¬ Cu ap≥hn-[n-tbmsS taf-ßsfc-amb DØ-tc-¥y≥ ssiensb k¿∆m-flm kzoI- kao-]n-°p-∂Xv bp‡n-lo--amb am¿§-am-Wv. ]g-cn®p F∂v k¶-ev]n-°p-∂Xv bp‡n-low Xs∂. bh Dev]Øn kw_-‘n-I-fmb kqN--Iƒ Xcp-Aßs tm°p- t ºmƒ taf- ß - f psS Dd- h nSw tºmƒ, Xmc-X-tay ]pXn-bh hf¿®-bpsS Ncn{XwtIcfw Xs∂ F∂ nK-a--Øn¬ FØp-∂p. shfn-s∏Sp-Øp-∂-h-bm-Ipw. H∂v c≠m-b-tijwF¶n¬ Fßs F∂ tNmZyw Np‰p-]m-Sp-ap≈ kI- Ah-bpsS Nph-Sp-]n-Sn-®p-am-{Xta ]n∂oSph∂-h-bp-e-Xn-te°pw Hcp ]Tn-Xm-hns‚ {i≤sb sIms≠- ≠m-bn-´p-≠m-hp-I-bp-≈q. AXp-sIm≠v ]cn-Wm-a-Øn-°p-∂p. am¿§-ßfpw Zi-Ifpw Am-h-cWw sNøp-hm≥ Cu coXn-bn¬ taf-ßsf ]Tn-°p-∂-Xnv ]pXn- b - h - b psS klmbw AXym- h - i y- a m- W v .Ahsb hI-Xn-cn®v hni-I-ew sNtø-≠n-bn-cn-°p- F¶nepw ne-hn-ep-≈-h-bn¬ G‰hpw ]pcm-Xw∂p. taf-ßfpsS LS ]cn-tim-[n-®m¬ Ah {][m- - GXm-sW∂v n¿Æ-bn-t°-≠Xv {]kvXpX ]T---ambpw c≠p-Xcßfm-sW∂p a- n-em-°mw. Ime- - - - Ønv AXy-¥m-t]-£n-X-am-Wv.am‰w hcp-∂-Xn--p-k-cn®v CS-¥-e-bnse sIm´p- {]mNo--XzsØ shfn-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ t¿tIm-Iƒ Ipd-bp-∂-hbpw A√m-Ø-h-bp-am-Wv Ah. ep-I-sf-s°m≠v nd™ ]m≠n-ta-f-amWv G‰hpwH∂masØ hIp-∏nse taf-߃°v Xmf-Øns‚ BZyw DS-se-Sp-ØXv F∂p-d-∏n-°p-∂Xv bp‡n-k-eLp-°-fpsS CS-bnse sIm´p-I-fpsS FÆ-Øn¬ l-am-sW∂v CXn-p-apºv ImWn-®n-´p-≠v. Cu A`n-Xr]vXn-bp-≈-t∏mƒ, c≠m-asØ hIp-∏n¬ Xmf-h- {]m-bsØ {]_-e-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-XmWv Ap-tema´-Ønse BsI sIm´p-IfpsS FÆw BZy¥w am‰- - taf-ß-fnse ]Xn-Im-e-Øns‚ BZy-`m-Kw. Cu taf-an- √ msX ne- n¿Øp- ∂ p. ^e- Ø n¬ H∂v ß- f nse ]Xn- I mew "XInSbntebv°vBZy¥w NXp-c-{i-K-Xn-bn¬ Du∂n-n¬°p-tºmƒ, IS°p∂Xphsc t¿tIm¬ {][m- - ß - f m- W v .at‰Xv A¥y-L-´-Øn¬ AXn-te-bvs°-Øp-∂p. Ap-tema taf-ß-fnse ]Xn-Im-e-Ønse Cuc≠m-asØ hI taf-߃ Xmf-h-´-Ønse A£- ]q¿∆- L ´w ]e- n- e bv ° pw ]m≠n- t a- f - Ø ns‚c-Imew Ipd-bp∂ apdbv°v eLp-°-fpsS CS-bnse kz`mhw {]I-Sn-∏n-°p-∂p. am{X-a√, Ipd-®p-IqSn Bg- -sIm´p-Isf Cc-´n-bmbn h¿≤n-∏n-°p-tºmƒ, H∂ma- Øn-te-bv°n-dßn-bm¬, ]Xn-Im-eØnse Cu BZy- - -Øh Xmf-h-´-Ønse BsI sIm´p-Isf ]IpXn `m-Kw, CX-c-`m-K-ß-fn¬ n∂pw thdn-´p-n-ev°p-∂-hoX-am-°n-°p-d-bv°p-∂p. c≠nepw sIm´p-I-fpsS Xmbpw Ap-`-h-s∏-Spw. ]m≠n-ta-f-Øns‚ Xpd-∂-FÆw ¢n]vX-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. H∂n¬ eLp-°- Sn-I-em-in-°p-∂n-S-Øpw, Ap-tema taf-ß-fnsefpsS CS-bv°p-≈-Xnepw as‰-Xn¬ Xmf-h-´-Ønse ]Xn-Im-e-Ønse BZy-`mKw Iem-in-°p-∂n-SØpwBsI-bp-≈-Xnepw Ft∂ hyXym-k-ap≈p. Ch- Htc XcØnep≈ hmZ k-{º-Zmbw ImWmw.bn¬. A£-c-°me hyXym-k-Øn-m-p-]m-Xn-I- Aßn-s, AtX-hsc Hcp ]q¿∆-ta-f-Øns‚ ]co- 11
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010W- X - c q- ] - ß - f mbn {]Xn apdp-tI-≠n-h-DS- s e- S pØ Ch, cp- ∂ p. taf- ß sfCu L´- Ø n- p- Cu kz`m-h-Øns‚tijw Ap-tem-a- ASn- ÿ m- - Ø n¬{]-Xn-tem-a-ß-fmbn c≠p- h- I p∏mbn]ncn-™-Xm-h-Ww. Xncn-°mw. Ahsbt¿tIm¬ {][m-- {Ia- { Zp- X - t a- f - ß -amb H∂t{X apSn- sf∂pw hyp¬{I-a-tb-‰nse Imfn-]p-d- {ZpX taf- ß -∏nse hmZy- s si- sf∂pw hyh-l-cn-en. apSn- t b‰v Hcp °mw. {Ia-{Zp-X-ta-f-imt‡-b-I-em-cq-]- ߃°v Ime-am-Wv. Imfn°v apSn- n¿Æ-b-Øn¬h-bv°p-∂Xn-p-apºv - ]›m¬K- a - - a n- √ .tZhn°v aZy-sa∂ k¶-ev]-tØm-SpIqSn Ipdp-∏-∑m¿ adn®v hyp¬{I-a-{ZpX taf-߃°m-Is´ Imew-{]Xnmfn-tIcw DS®v AXnse sh≈-tØmSpIqSn nth- ]›m¬K-aw An-hm-cy-am-Wp-Xm-pw. Cu kz`m-Zn-°pI ]Xn-hp-≠v. im‡-Z¿i--Øn¬ CXns h-ssh-]-coXyw Ah-bpsS ioe-ß-tfbpw kzm[o-km[q-I-cn-°p∂ {]amWw bYm-h-kcw D≤-cn-°p- n-°p-∂p-≠v. Ch-bn¬Øs∂ hyp¬{I-a-{ZpX taf-∂p-≠v. Hcp tZho-t£-{X-Øn-em-sW-¶nte CXn-√m- ß-fpsS Xmf-L-S Hcp {]tXy-I-ssien Dƒs°m-bvI-bp-≈p. Kp≠¿´v nL-≠p-hn¬ ]m≠n F∂- ≈p-∂p-≠v. s]mXpth taf-ß-fp-tSbpw ]©-hm-Zy-Xv, _en-°-f-bp-hm≥ hmg-t∏m-f-sIm-≠p-≠m-°p∂ Øn-s‚bpw ]Xn-™-Im-e-߃ Ah-bpsS apdp-In-cq]-Øn¬ Ipcp-tØme dp-°p-Ip-Øn-b-Xm-sW∂p b-Im-e-Øns‚ ]cm-h¿Ø--ß-fm-Wv. B ASn-ImWp∂p (Kp-≠¿´v nL-≠p-]pdw 600). CXp c≠pw ÿm LS BZy¥w ne-n¿tØ-≠-Xp-am-Wv.h®p-tm-°n-bm¬, ]m≠n-tafw GtXm A]-cn-jvIr- AY-hm, GsX-¶nepw L´-Øn¬ AXv ewLn-°-Xtcm A[:IrXtcm Bb Hcp h¿§-Øns‚ GtXm s∏-´m¬, kmam-y-t{im-Xm-°-fpsS {i≤-bn¬ ]Xn-imt‡- b - I - e m- c q- ] - Ø nse hmZy- h n- t i- j - Ø n¬ ™n-s√-¶nepw, B Iem-cq-]-Øn-tmSpw Xmf-Øn-n∂pw ]cn-W-an-®tXm ]cn-W-an-∏n-®tXm Bhm≥ tmSpw sNøp∂ ISpØ A]-cm-[-am-Wv. XmfsØkm≤y-X-bp-≠v. Aß-s-bm-sW-¶n¬ t¿tIm¬ Cßs hnfw-º-c-s∏-Sp-Øp∂Xv Hcp ASn-ÿm--ndhpw imt‡-b-_-‘hpw ]m≠n-ta-fsØ AXn- X-XzsØ Ah-ew-_n-®m-Wv. B ASnÿmw sNº-{]m-No--am-°n-Øo¿°p-∂-Xm-bn-Im-Wmw. S-Xm-f-am-Wv. F∂p-h-®m¬ Xmf-ßsf ]Xn-™-n- taf-߃ {]I-S-am-°p∂ thsdmcp {]tXy-I- e- b n- s e- Ø n- ° p- ∂ Xv sNº- S - ° - W - ° n- e m- s W-X-bmWv NXp-c-{i-K-Xn. BZy¥w NXp-c{iKXnsb ∂¿∞w. Cu nb-a-a-p-k-cn®v ]©mcn 12 sNº-S-Ap-h¿Øn-°p∂ taf-ßfpw Ah-kmw AXn- bm-bpw, Nº 10 sNº-S-bm-bpw, sNº-Sbpw A©-te°v FØn-t®-cp∂ taf-hp-ap-≠v. BZy¥ NXp-c- S-¥bpw 8 sNº-S-bm-bpw, AS-¥bpw {[phhpw 7{i- K - X n- b p≈ taf- ß ƒ°v , Ime- ß ƒ Iem- i n- sNº-S-bmbpw, AXm-Xns‚ ]Xn-Im-e-Øn¬ h¿≤n-°msX ASpØ Ime-Øn-te°v IS-°p-hm≥ Ap- °p-∂p. {Ia-{Zp-X-ta-f-߃°v Cu nbaw _m[-I-a-hm-Zan-√. Ah-km-Im-eØn¬ am{Xw NXp-c{i-KXn - - - - √. AXns‚ Poh≥, Hmtcm L´-Ønepw Xmf-L-S-kzoI-cn-°p∂ taf-߃°v Ime-߃ Iem-in®v - b n¬ hcp- Ø p∂ sshNn- { Xy- a m- W v. CuASpØXnte°v {]th-in-°pI F∂ coXn kzoIm- sshNn{XywsIm≠v Hmtcm L´hpw hyXy-kvX-ambcy-hp-a-√. X∑qew Ah {Ia-ambn apdp-Ip-∂-h-bm- ssNX-y-Øn-p-S-a-bm-Ip-∂p. {Ia-{Zp-X-h¿§-ØnseWv. BZy¥w NXp-c{i-KXn-bp≈ taf-߃°v Imew- - - AwK-amb ]m≠n-ta-f-Øn¬, XpS°w apX¬ Hmtcm 12
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010L´-Ønepw Xmf-ssi-enbpw Iem-i-co-Xnbpw tafw- ]S-]p-d∏m-Sp-Ifpw, bp≤-h´hpw, bp≤hpw a‰pw IpØn- - -sIm-´p∂ coXnbpw hyXym-k-s∏-Sp-∂p-≠v. CXm-Wp- n-d-®v, XpS¿∂v ]Xn™ ]Z-ßfpw kv{Xoth-j-cw-Xmpw AXns‚ BI¿j-Wo-bXbv°v {][m-amb - - K-ßfpw Ah-X-cn-∏n-®m¬ Acßv Dd-ßn-b-a-´m-Ipw.Hcp Imc-Ww. a‰p taf-߃°v, AXm-bXv hyp¬{I- CXv Hcp t]mcm-bva-bm-sW-¶n¬ {]kvXp-X-ÿnXna-{ZpX taf-߃°v, Cu kz`m-h-an-√-X-s∂. Ah hntijw hyp¬{I-a-{Zp-X-ta-f-ß-fnepw ImWmw. Hcp]c-s∂m-gp-Ip∂ Zn-Isft∏mem-sW-¶n¬, {Ia-{Zp- Imew XpSßn {ZpX-K-Xn-bn-seØn cwKw Iog-S-°n-X-ta-f߃ ]md-s°-´p-Ifpw Xmgvhmc-Ifpw nd-™- - °-gn-™m¬ B Imew Iem-in-°p-I-bm-bn. AtXm-X- e - Ø n- e qsS IpØn- ® m- S n- s bm- g pIn Npgn- I fpw sS, AtX-hsc nd-™p-n∂ mZ-[mc apdn™vi‡n-bmb Hgp°n-∂p-S-a-bp-ambhbpsS kz`m-h- A{]-Xy-£-am-Ip∂ Hcp {]XoXn DZv`q-X-am-Ip-∂p.amWv {]I-S-am-°p-∂-Xv. hyp¬{I-a-{ZpX hIp-∏nse {Ia- { Zp- X - t a- f - ß - f psS Ap- { I- a - I m- e m- t cm- l W{]kn-≤-amb ]©m-cn-bn¬ am{Xw k¿∆-km-[m-c- ssien-bm-tWm, AtXm hyp¬{I-a-{Zp-X-ta-f-ß-fpsSW- a mbn S- ∏ p≈ H‰t°m¬ k{º- Z m- b - a t{X CuZri-X-cw-Km-fl-I-Im-em-tcm-l-Wm-h-tcm-lWAXns kzmZn-jvS-am-°p-∂-Xv. an°-hmdpw c≠p coXn-bmtWm {]mNow F∂Xv N¿®m hnj-b-am-tImep-I-fp-]-tbm-Kn®v am{Xw a‰p hyp¬{I-a-{Zp-X t°-≠-Xm-Wv. Hcp hkvXpX tcsØ bp‡y-p-taf߃ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂Xp-sIm-≠mImw Ah kmcw n¿Æ-bn-®p-I-gn-™-Xm-Wv. sIm´p-I-fpsSZp¿e-`-am-bn-am{Xw cwK-sØ-Øp-∂-Xv. Ah-bnepw kz`m-h-Ønse {]mNo--XzsØ ASn-ÿm {]am-H‰t°m¬ k{º-Zmbw Acp-Xm-bvIbn-√. Hcp ]t£ - W- a m- ° p- I - b m- s W- ¶ n¬ {Ia- { ZpX taf- ß - f mWvtaf-Øns‚ ssZ¿Lyw Hcp LS-I-am-bn-´p-≠m-Imw. {]mNo--߃. F¶n¬ hyp¬{I-a-{Zp-X-ta-f-ß-fnseF¶n¬, Hs´ms° ]©m-cn-bpsS ka-b-tØmfw Xmf- ] - ≤ Xn XnI®pw A¿∆m- N o- - a mtb Xocp.{]tbm-Kn-°m-hp-∂Xpw A©p-Im-e-Øns‚ Nn´-bp- Cßs Cu c≠p taf-]-≤-Xn-I-fp-tSbpw Ime-≈-Xp-amb (N-º°v mep-Im-e-®n´-bp-ap-≠v) Nº- n¿Æbw sNøp-tºmƒ AtX hnj-b-kw-_-‘n-tafw hnc-f-amtb Ah-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏-Sm-dp-≈q. CSw bmbn Ah-bn¬ thtdbpw LS-I-߃ Hfn™p-ssIbpsS mZw sIm≠p-am{Xw ]©mcn "taP¿ In-S-∏p-≠m-Imw. Ah, Hcp ]t£, taf-ß-fn-tebv°vtafambn F∂-XmWv hmkvX-hw. ]©m-cn-bpsS Ipsd-°qSn shfn®w hoin-tb-°mw. A{]-[m--sa∂vC∂p S-∏p≈ ]Xn-Imew A{X ]g-°-ap-≈-X- {]Y-a-Zr-jvSym- t_m-[-ap-≠m-°p-∂-h-bmImw Hcps√∂p ÿm]n-°m≥ bp‡n-I-fp-≠v. AXn-p-apºv ]p:]T--Ønv apXn-cp-tºmƒ {][m--ß-fm-bn-Øo-Nº-bm-bn-cp∂p G‰hpw hen-b-ta-fw. Aßs cp-I.tm°p-tºmƒ ]m≠n-bpsS Akm-amy {]`m-h- Hcp ]Xnhv F∂ ne-bn¬ {Ia-{ZpX taf-tØmSv InS- n- e v ° m≥ {]m]v X - a m- ° m- mImw ߃ hyp¬{I- a - { Zp- X - t a- f - Ø ns‚ XpS¿®- b mbnC∂sØ ]Xn- I m- e sØ Nn´- s ∏- S p- Ø n- b Xpw {]tbm-Kn-°-s∏-Sp-∂p. Cu {IasØ Hcp {][m--h-CSwssI k{º-Zmbw Dƒs°m-≈n-®-Xpw. Fß-s- kvXp-X-bmbn ]cn-K-Wn-®m¬, hyp¬{I-a-{ZpX ]≤-bm-bmepw {Ia-{Zp-X-kz-`mhw DW¿Øp∂ sshIm- Xn-bn¬ n∂pw hyXn-N-en-®mWv {Ia-{ZpXzw cq]w-cn-Im-thi w hyp¬{Ia-{Zp-X-Xz-Ønv Ah-Im-i-s∏- sIm-≠p-sX∂p ]d-tb-≠n-h-cpw. CXv a‰p nK-a--Sm≥ km[n-°p-I-bn-√. Xnan-e-Ifpw a±-f-ßfpw Ah- ߃°v hn]-co-X-am-Ibpw sNøpw. AXp-sIm≠vcp-tS-Xmb `mK-߃ ka¿∞ambn {]tbm-Kn®v Hcp Cu {Iaw thsd h√Xpw [zn-∏n-°p-∂pt≠m F∂vIq´n-s°m´pw Ign™v CS-bv°bv°v cwKw Hgn™p- Atz-jn-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. CXn-p-apºv HcnSØpsIm-Sp-°p-tºmƒ, AtX-hsc a±-fhpw Xnan-ebpw kqNn-∏n-®-Xpt]m-se, t£{X-ß-fn¬ Xncp-ap-‰ØpwtN¿s∂m-cp-°nb i_vZ-{]-]©w A∏msS jvS- aXn-e-IØpw ]Xn-hp≈ Hcp tafw, aXn-e-IØps∏´v ]©-hmZyw Hcp n»-_vZm-h-ÿsb {]m]n- {]th-in-°m≥t]mepw Ah-Im-i-an-√mØ Hcp taf-°p-∂-Xm-bn-°m-Wmw. AtX-t]mse, IY-I-fn-bn¬ Ønv ]q¿∆mw-K-ambn Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-I-bm-Wt√mBZy-cw-Kßfn¬ Xnc-tm-°p-Ifpw, Xt‚-Sm-´ßfpw, - - - ]Xn-hv. GtXm Hcp imt‡-b-k-{º-Zm-b-Øn¬ 13
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010n∂pw Dcp-Øn-cn-™sX∂p k¶-ev]n-°m-hp∂ {Ia- -{Zp-X-ta-f-߃, i‡ym-cm-[m hn[n-I-fpsS {]tXy-I-X-Iƒs°m-≠mImw t£{X-a-Xn-e-IØp n∂pw{`jvS-am-b-Xv. i‡ym-cm-[-°v "aImc ]©IwAXy-¥m-t]-£n-X-ß-fm-Wv. im‡-Z¿i--Øn¬.""aZyw-amwkw XYm-a’yw ap{Zm-ssa-Yp--ta-hNaIm-c-]-©Iw IrXzm-]p-¿÷-∑ hnZytX (im-‡-Z¿iw 5. ]pdw 126)F∂p ImWp-∂p. aIm-c-]-©Iw Xs∂ euIn-I-sa∂pw buKn-I-sa∂pw c≠p-X-c-ambn IW-°m-°-s∏-Sp-∂p. hmNym¿∞-kzo-Ir-X-ßsf euIn-I-ß-sf∂pw [zym¿∞-kzo-Ir-X-ßsf buKn-I-sa∂pw ""Iuf-an-{i-]-Yu-tl-bu-n-Xyw-Ku-cn-Zzo-Pm-Xn`n:IW-°m-°p-∂p. AYhm t`mK-kw-_-‘m¿∞-kzo- im‡-Z¿iw Cu hnj-b-Øn¬,Ir- X - ß sf euIn- I - s a∂pw cmP- t bm- K - k w- _ -‘m¿∞-kzo-Ir-X-ßsf buKn-I-sa∂pw hyh-l-cn- "im‡mmw Ipem-Nm-tcm-an-{im-Nmc:ka-bm-Nmc:°p-∂p. buKnI am¿§-Øn¬ ]©-a-Im-c-߃°v, CXn-t`-tZ am¿§-{X-b-ap-Ny-tX. tXjmw at[yb {X]q¿t∆m‡ euIn-I-]-©-a-Im-cmWmw {Iobm1. aZyw flI: {]tbmtKm h¿Ø-tX, XYm NXp¿∆-¿§mWmw ""tkma-[m-cm-£tcZvbmXp {_“-c{‘m-Zz-cm-tX - - at[y- I m- a kym¿∞ky- N - ] p- c p- j m¿∞- Z z- b ky ]oXzm--µ-a-b-kvXzmwb:k Gh aZy-km-[I: em`m¿∞w apJy-`m-th-m-p-jvTm--©-hn-ZytX k2. amwkw Gh Ipe-am¿t§m thZ-hn-cp≤: am˛-i_Zm-{Z-km-t⁄-bm-XZw-im≥ck-m-{]ntb - v - - (im. Z. 125) kZmtbm`-£-tb-t±-hn-k-G-h-amw-k-km-[I: F∂v hn[n-°p-∂p. `mhm-Nm-c-N¿®-bn¬ Ah-Xs∂3. a’yw im‡-Z¿i--Im-c≥ kn≤m-¥n-°p-∂p. hniz-km-c- KwKm-b-ap--tbm¿Ω-t≤y-Zzua’ym NcX:kZm X-{¥-{]-Imcw. Xua-’u-`£tbZvbkvXp-k`th-∑’y-km-[I: - - - - - -4. ap{Zm "sshZn-Iw-ssh-jWhw ssihw Z£nWw]m-ihw kvarXw v kl-{kmcw alm-]tfl I¿Æn-Im-ap-{Zo-Xm-Ntc¬ - kn≤m-¥-hm-ta-ho-tcXp Znhyw k¬°u-f-ap-NytX BflmX- s s{X- h - t Z- t h- i n- t I- h e:]mc- t Zm- ] a: CXn¬ n∂pw DØ-a-]-ip-`m-h-Ønv sshZn-I-ssh- kqcy-tIm-Sn-{]-Xo-Im-i-›-{µ-tImSn kpio-Xf: jvWh ssih-Z-£n-Wm-Nm-c-ß-ft{X hnln-X-am-bn- AXo- h - I - a - o- b - › - a - l m- I p- W v U - e n- o- b pX: ´p-≈-Xv. hoc-`m-h-Ønv hmam-Nm-chpw Znhy-`m-h- bky-⁄m-tm-Z-b-kvX-{X-ap-{Zm-km-[-I-D-Ny-tX. Ønv Iufm-Nm-chpw BN-c-Wo-b-ambn hcp-∂p.5. ssaYpw k¿t∆m-√m-k-X-{¥-Øn¬, Ipe-Ip-WvUen-o-i‡n¿t±-ln-mw-tZ-l[m-cnWo - - - ""BNm-c-aqew PmXn: kymZm-Nmcm:imkv{X-aq-eI: Xbm-io-hky-kw-tbm-tKm-ssa-Ypw ]cn-Io¿ØnXw - tZh- h mIyw imkv { X- a qew tZh:km[- I - a q- e I: (im-‡Z¿iw 5) - {Inbm- a qew km[- I - k y- { Io- b m- ] o- ^ - e - a q- e ImF∂ k¶-ev]-am-Wv. im‡-∑m-cn¬Øs∂ Iuf- ^e- a qew kpJ- t ah kpJ- a m- - µ - a q- e Iwan-{X-k-a-bm-Nm-c-t`-Z-ap-≠v. Ch-bn¬ {]Ya ]pcp- Bµw ⁄m-aqew N ⁄mw t⁄b-ky-aq-eIwjm¿∞- { ]m- ] v X n- ap- J y- e - £ y- a mbn ImWp∂ XØz⁄mw t⁄b-am{Xw XØzw-ln-{_-“aq-eIw -IufnI X{¥w thZ-hn-cp-≤-am-sW∂p ⁄mm¿Æ- {_“-⁄m--ssa-Iy-aq-e-ssaIyw ln k¿∆-aq-eIwh-X{¥w kqNn-∏n-°p-∂p. sFIyw-ln-]-c-ta-im-n-`m-hm-XoXw kpn-›nXw 14
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010Hcp hy‡n `mhm-Xo-X-mbn Xocp-∂-Xns‚ {Ia- Iuf-am¿§w thZ-hn-cp-≤hpw {_m“-W¿°vat{X Cu hcn-I-fn¬ hnh-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. im‡- njn-≤-hp-am-sW-∂n-cn-s°, AXp-ambn _‘-s∏´Z¿i--Im-c≥ Cu hnjbw "k¿∆w-J-ev]n-Zw-{_“ Hcp Iem-cq-]-Øns‚ k¥-Xn-bmb {Ia-{Zp-X-ta-f-F∂ D]-n-j-Zzm-Iy-Øn-te°v FØn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. sØ, thZm-Nm-c-k-abm--Nm-c-n-jvT-amb t£{Xm-¶-""tl ]c- t a- i mn! BNm- c - t ah h¿Æmmw W-Øn¬, Cu nebv°v {]th-in-∏n-°p-∂-Xnte{]Y- a - I m- c - W w. BNm- c - › - i m- k v { X- P y:, tZh A¤p-X-s∏-Sm-p-≈p. Hs´ms° Iuf-am¿§-kzo-Ir-hmIym- n- i m- k v { Xm- W n, tZh- › - k m- [ ssI:]qP X-ß-fmb tZho-t£-{X-ß-fn-emWv {Ia-{Zp-X-ta-f-ob:, {Inbm- h m≥ Jep- k m- [ I: {Iobm- N - ^ e ߃ {]mIm-c߃°p-≈n¬ {]th-in-°p-∂Xv. AY- - -km[n- I m, ^e- › - k p- J - t a- h , kpJ- a m- µw: hm˛s]cp-hw ]qc-Ønv Bdm-´p-]pg imkvXm-⁄maq-eam-µ: t⁄b-aqew ⁄mw, t⁄b - hns‚ ]m≠n-tafw DZm-l-cWw ˛ CX-c-t£-{X-ß-am{Xw XØz- a q- e w, XØzw ln {_“- a q- e - I w, fn¬ S-∏p-s≠-¶n¬ AXnv {]tXyI Imc-W-hp-{_“-⁄mw sFIy-aq-ew, sFIyw ln k¿∆ ap-≠m-Ipw. B hI {]tXyI hnj-b-ß-fn-tebv°vaqe-Iw, k¿∆w-J-ev]nZw {_t“Xn IS-°p-∂Xv Cu ]T-Øns‚ AXn¿Øn°pw A∏p- - (im. Z. 5 ]pd. 119) d-Øm-Wv. Imc-Ww, {]kvXpX hnjbw Ap-jvTm-B- µ - a mWv {_“- Ø ns‚ cq]- K p- W - ß - s f∂v -]-c-ß-fmb a‰p-Nn-e-Xns B{i-bn-°p-∂p-≠m-I-hmZyhpw thZhpw F∂ teJ--Øn¬ hy‡-am- Ww. am{X-a-√, s]cp-hw Bdm-´p-]pg ]qc-°m-eØv°n-bn-´p-≠v. taep-≤-cn® k¿t∆m-√m-k-X-{¥-Ønse B {]tZ-i-hm-kn-Iƒ°v {]tXy-I-ambn Nn´-s∏-Sp-hcn-I-sf-s°m≠pw hniz-km-c-X-{¥-Ønse hcn-I- Øn-bn-´p≈ s]cp-am-‰-®-´w-t]m-se, Hcp {]tZ-i-sf-s°m≠pw Iuf-am¿t§m-ev]-∂-ß-fmWv taf-ß- Øns‚ apgp- h ≥ c£m- I ¿ØrXzw Iøm- f p∂sf-∂pw, Ah-bn¬ {Ia-{Zp-X-ta-f-ß-fpsS {]kvXp- aq¿Øn F∂p IW-°m-°-s∏-Sp∂ Hcp alm-t£-kz-`mhw Cu nK-a--Ønv IqSp-X¬ B°-ap-≠m- {X-Øns‚ X´-I-Ønse a‰p t£{X-ß-fnse NS-°p- ∂ p- s ≠∂pw a-   n- e m- ° mw. Iuf- a m¿§- ßp-Iƒ B aq¿Øn-bpsS lnX-a-p-k-cn®v nP-s∏-Øn¬Øs∂ euIn- I hpw buKn- I - h p- a mb Sp-Øn-b-h-bp-am-Imw. ChnsS sshZnI ssZhn-I-am¿§ßfp-≠-t√m. ]pcp-jm¿∞-ß-fn¬ A¿∞-Im- am¿§m- p- k m- c n- b mb Hcp tafw, an{i- s Iutfm-a- ß sf e£ywh®p≈ {Kmay- I - e m- c q- ] - ß - f n¬ ev]∂amb thsdmcp taf-Ønv ]q¿∆mw-K-ambnn∂pw Dcp-Øn-cn-™-h-bm-hWw Ch. Imfn-Im-]p- {]tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xnse kmwK-Xyhpw HuNn-Xyhpwcm-W-Øn¬ _en-{In-b°v arK-߃°p ]I-c-am-bn, ]T-hn-jbam-°p-Ibm-Wv. Ie-i߃ ]qPn-°p-tºm- - - - - gpw, Ah _nw_-Øn-em-Sp-tºmgpw cwK-{]-thiw""Iqivam-WUan-£p-JWU©aZy-amw-km-khGhN v - - v - - - - - - sNøp-∂, AXp-sIm≠pw sshZn-I-ssZ-hn-I-am¿§m-GtX_en-kam:t{]m‡m-kXr-]vtXm-Om-Kam:kZm v p-km-cn-bm-Ip∂ sNº-S-ta-fw, aXn-¬°-I-Øp- (Im. ]p. 67. 25) t]mepw {]th-in-°m-¿l-X-bn-√m-Ø{X {`jvSp-I-F∂pw, aZy-Øn-p-]-I-c-am-bn, ev]n-°-s∏-´n-´p≈ Hcp taf-Ønv AI-º-Sn-bmbn""Ah- i yw- h n- l n- X w- b - { X- a - Z yw- X - { X- Z znP:]p: Xocp-∂Xv A¤p-X-Ønv hI-¬Ip-∂p. sNºSmcn-tI-tem-Z-Iw-Imw-tky-Xm-t{a-hm-hn-kr-tP-∑[p: Xmf-Øn¬ sNº-S--S-bn¬ mep Ime-Øns‚ Nn´-F∂pw ImWp-∂p. mfn-tI-csh≈w {_m“-W¿°p- - bp≈ km£m¬ sNº-S-ta-f-Øns‚ GI-tZicq]-th≠n hn[n®-Xm-sW∂pw hy‡-am-Wv. Iq´-Øn¬ km-Zr-iyw-t]mepw {]I-Sn-∏n-°mØ Cu sNºS taf-tN¿°-s´, ]m≠n-ta-f-Øns‚ AXm-bXv {Ia-{ZpX sØ- Ø - s ∂ Ft¥, GI Xmf- Ø n¬Øp- S ßntaf-Øns‚, ]q¿∆-cq-]-ß-fn¬ Hs∂s∂-¶nepw A¥y-L-´-Øn¬ am{Xw ˛ Iem-i-ß-fn-en-s√-∂-√,k¶¬∏n-t°≠ apSn-tb‰v F∂ Iem-cq]w thW- taf-am-Wn-hnsS {][mw ˛ sNº-S--S-sb, AXm-sa∂p n›-bn® Znhkw CØcw nth-Zy-߃ bXv sshZnI ssZhoI am¿§sØ kzoI-cn-°p∂S-Øm-dp-s≠∂v Adn-hm-bn-´p-≠v. {Ia-{Zp-X-ta-f-Ønv ]q¿∆mw-K-ambn thW-sa∂p 15
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010n›-bn®p? AXn¬ shdp-samcp bmZr-—n-IX am{X- em-i-ß-fn¬ Ct∏mƒ S-∏p≈ Xmf-L-S--bnseta-bp≈p F∂pw, ]n∂oSv AXv Hcp NS-ßmbn amdn- ]©m-cn-km-∂n≤yw Hcp ]t£ ho--am-Imw.b-Xp-am-sW∂p ]d-s™m-gn-bp-∂Xv Xo¿Øpw _men- F∂m¬ CXns‚ Ah-km Ime-Øn¬, Cu tafwi-am-Wv. ]m≠n taf-Ønv ]q¿∆mw-K-am-bn-s°m-´p-tºmƒ, {]kvXp sNºS taf-tØbpw XpS¿∂p≈ ]©mcn {]Xy-£-s∏-Sm-dp-≠v. Cu taf-Øns‚ Ah-{Ia-{ZpX taf-tØ-bpw, Ah-bpsS LS--bpsS ASn- km Ime-Ønse BZysØ CS-°-em-i-Øn-p-ap-ÿm--Øn¬ hni-I-ew sNbvXp ]Tn-®m¬ Hcp ºmWv Cu ]©m-cn-Iƒ cwK-{]-thiw sNøp-∂-Xv.]t£ Cu BImw- £ bv ° v ]cn- l m- c - a m- I mw. {Ia-{Zp-X-ta-f-amb ]m≠n-bpsS c≠mwIme-Øns‚t£{X- ß - f nse Xncp- a p‰Øv Ieiw ]qPn- ° p- c≠mw L´-amb CS-Im-e-Ønepw Chsb I≠p-tºmgpw BSp-tºmgpw sIm´m-dp≈ Cu sNºS taf- ap´mw F∂p-h®v ]m≠n Hcp ho taf-]-≤-Xn-bm-Ønv c≠p-Im-e-Øns‚ Nn´-tb-bp-≈p {io`q-X-_- sW∂pw sNºS-tb-°mƒ A¿∆m-No--am-sW∂pwen-bn¬ hen-b -_-en-°-√n¬ Xqhp-tºmƒ DØ-c- hymJym- n- ° p- ∂ Xv bp‡n- k - l - a m- I - b n- √ . HcptI-c-f-Ønepw DØ-c-a[y tIc-f-Ønepw Cu taf- ]t£ ]m≠n-ta-f-Ønepw Nne- L-Sm hnti-j-amWv ]Xn-hv. B kµ¿`-Øn¬ Zp¿e-`-am-sb-¶nepw ߃ CS-°m-eØv h∂p-s]-´n-´p-≠m-Imw. ]©m-cn-32 A£-c-Øns‚ Hcp ]Xn-™-Im-ew sIm´n-t°- ta-f-Ønse C∂sØ ]Xn-Imew Hcp ho kw`m-t´m¿Ω-bp-≠v. AXv 16 A£-c-Øn-ep≈, ChnsS h--bm-sW-∂v, AXn-p-am{Xw k¿∆-km-[m-c-W-bm-]T hnj-b-am-°m-p-t±-in-°p∂ taf-Øns‚ {]Y- bp-≈Xpw C∂sØ ]Xn-Im-e-Øns‚ cq]-km-Zr-a-Imew Xs∂-bm-sW-s∂mcp ]£-ap-≠v. F∂m¬ iy-ap-≈Xpamb Hcp c≠mw-Im-em-cw` ssien-D-≈-sNº-S-ssi-en-bnepw AS-¥-ssi-en-bn-ep-ap≈ taf- Xp-sIm≠v Ap-am-n-°mw. B hn[-Øn¬ ]m≠n-ß-fpsS Ime-ß-fpsS Xodp-I-emi coXn Cu ]Xn- ta- f - h pw, Hcp]- t £, Hcp ho- I - c - W - Ø ntmIm-e-Ønepw ImWp-∂p-≠v. AXp-sIm≠v AXv Hcp ]p:{Iao-I-c-W-Øntm hnt[-b-am-bn-´p-≠m-Imw.{]tXy- I - I mew Xs∂- b m- s W∂ nK- a - - Ø n- ]m≠n-ta-f-Ønv apºv sIm´p∂ sNºS taf-tebv°v Xncn-®p-h-cmw. Cu sNºS taf-Ønv a‰p Øns‚ Ah-km--Im-e-amWv ChnsS ]T--hn-j-b-hyp¬{I-a-{ZpX taf-ß-tf-°mƒ LSm]c-ambn am-°p-∂-Xv. aptº kqNn-∏n-®-t]m-se, CXns‚Nn¥n-®m¬ ]g-°ap-s≠∂p t_m[y-am-Ipw. a‰p taf- - c≠mw-Im-e-Øns‚ BZysØ CS-°-em-i-Ønvß-fpsS Xmf-h-´m-h-km--Øn-se-t∏mse CX-c-Xm- aq∂p sNºS h´w apºp apX¬ Xmf-L-S--bn¬f-J-WvU-ßsf CXn¬ Is≠Øp-I-bn-√. CS-°m- hyXymkw hcp-Øp-∂p. Nne-ta-f-ß-fn¬ Ah-km Ime-Øn¬ AS-®p-Xmfw ]nSn-®n- cp-∂Xv Ipg-adn-bp-∂Xn-p-tijw - - Xpd-∂p-]n-Sn-°m-dp-≠v. F∂n-cp- ∂mepw Xmf- L - S - - b n¬ hyXymkw hcp-Øm-dn-√. Cu Xmf-L-S-m-am-‰-Ønv {]k-‡n- sb¥v F∂v Nn¥n-t°-≠n-bn-cn- °p-∂p. Hcp tafw XpS-ßn-bm¬ XpS- ß n- b - I m- e - Ø n¬ km[m- cW Dcp- f p- t Im¬ ]Xn- h n- √ . XpS¿∂p≈ Ime-ß-fn¬ ]Xn- hp- a p- ≠ v . ]Xn- h p- s ≠- ∂ - X n¬ IqSp-X¬ n¿∫-‘hp-am-Wv. Cu - 16
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010sNº-S-ta-f-Øn¬ XpS- ßnb Ime-Øn¬ Dcp-fp- {]Ya Iem-i-Øn-p-apºv {]I-Sn-∏n® hnti-j-Xm-f-tIm¬ ]Xn-hn-√. c≠mw Ime-Ønepw ]Xn-hn-√. L-S-sb {]tbm-Kn-°p-∂p. BZy-Xm-f-h-´-tijwCXv CXns‚ am{Xw {]tXy-I-X-bm-Wv. am{X-hp-a- c≠m-asØ Xmf-h´w AS-®p-]n-Sn-®mWv XpS-ßp-∂-√, AtX- h sc Hcp Iem- i - h - ´ - Ø n¬ Xmf- h - ´ - Xv. C°m-c-W-Øm-epw, {]kvXp-X-Xm-f-h-´m-h-kmw߃°v Hcp sNºS ofhpw Hmtcm sNº-Sbpw Iem-i-sa-Sp-°p∂p F∂-Xp-sIm≠pw, ]m≠n-°p-ap-AXns‚ bYm¿∞ kz`m-h-hp-ap-≈-h-bm-Wv. Iem- ºv sIm´p∂ sNº-SbpsS c≠mw Ime-Ønse BZy- -i-tijw c≠m-asØ Xmf-h-´-ß-fn¬ Iem-i-ß- I-em-i-tijw F√m c≠mw Xmf-h-´-Øn-ep-amWvfp-sa-Sp-°p-∂p. Cu kµ¿`-Ønepw Hcp Iem-i-h-´- Iem- i - s a- ∂ p- d - ∏ n- ° mw. tafm- h - k m- - Ø nseØn¬ F´p sNº-S-Itf D≠mIq F∂-Xp-sIm≠v coXnsb Kuc-h-am-sb-Sp-t°≠ Bh-iy-ap-s≠∂ptaf-Øns‚ LS--bn¬ hyXym-k-ap-s≠∂p ]d-bp- tXm∂p-∂n-√. taf-i-cocw Ign-™p-h-t√m. A©-∂Xv A¿∞-iq-y-am-sW∂v Hcp hmZ-K-Xn-bp-≠v. S¥ memw Ime-Øn¬ BZy¥w Cu coXn-bm-taf-ßfn¬ ASp-ØSp-Øp≈ Xmf-ßfn¬ H∂v Ah- - - - sW-∂-Xn-m¬ sNº-S-tafw Cu coXn AXn¬km- n- ® p- s h∂pw ASp- Ø Xv XpSßn F∂pw n∂pw IS-sa-SpØp F∂v hymJym-n-°p-∂Xv Bfl-Fßs n¿Æ- b n°mw? H∂pIn¬, ]©mcn l-Xym-]-c-am-Wv.A©mw Ime-Øn-se-t∏mse ˛ AXn¬ Xpd-∂Sn taf-ß-fpsS ASn-ÿm kn≤m-¥-ß-fn-sem-am{X-ta-bp≈p ˛ IrXy-ssZ¿Ly-ß-fn¬ ImWp∂ ∂t{X Hcp Iem-i-h-´-Øn-se-am-{X-a√ Hcp Ime-n»-_vZ-{Inb CXv shfn-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p. as‰mcp Xc- Ønse Xmf-h-´-ß-fpsS A£-c-Im-ehpw Xpey-am-Øn¬, Hcp Xmf-h-´-Øn¬ Xmfw ]nSn-°p-∂Xv I-W-sa-∂-Xv. ]T--hn-j-b-amb sNº-S-tafw CuAS®pw Xpd-∂p-am-sW-¶n¬, XpS¿®-bmbn IqSp-X¬ kn≤m-¥sØ Ap-k-cn-°p-∂n-√. ta¬ hnh-cn-®-XhW Xpd∂p]nSn®v Hcp n»- _ vZ- { In- hn[w Xmf-h-´-ßsf n¿Æ-bn-®m¬ Hcp Iem-i-h-bbv°ptijw ho≠pw AS-®p-Xmfw ]nSn®p XpS- ´-Øn¬ BsI-bp≈ c≠p Xmf-h-´-ß-fn¬ BZy-ßp-∂Xv Hcp Xmf-h´w Ign™v ASpØ Xmf-h´w tØ-Xnv 24 A£-chpw c≠m-a-tØ-Xnv 40 A£-XpSßn F∂Xns‚ kpN--bm-Ipw. Hcp XhW c-hp-am-sW∂p ImWmw. CsXt¥ Cßs; As√-AS®pw ]ns∂ Xpd∂pw sNºS memw-Im-ew- ¶n¬ F¥n-n-ßs Nn´-s∏-SpØn? bi:ico-c-mbt]mse Xmfw ]nSn-®m¬ Cu kz`mhw hy‡-am-I- Iem- a - W v U ew sslZ- c m- e n, apdn- b - S ¥ C∂pbn-√. AS¥ aq∂mw Ime-Øn-epw, mep-Im-e-am-bn-s°m-´p∂ Nº-ta-f-Øns‚ memw Ime-Ønepw ImWpw-hn[w Xn{i-ambpw JWvUambpw an{i-ambpw -IqSp-X¬ AS®pXmfw-]n-Sn-°p-∂Xpw kzoImcya-√. Xmfw-]n-Sn-®p-]mSn h´w-h®p Iem-i-߃°v h´w-X-Ch-sbms° B taf-ß-fpsS ssien-I-fm-Wv. CXv ´p-tºmƒ Xn{i-ambn ]cn-W-an-®-Xv, ]q¿∆m-Nm-cy-∑m-A©-S¥ aq∂mw Ime-Ønepw ImWmw. c≠m- cpsS {i≤-°p-dhp-sIm-≠m-sW-∂p kqNn-∏n-®Xp-t]m- - -asØ JWvU-Øn-p-ti-j-ap≈ me-£c sNº- se, sNº c≠mw Ime-Ønse {]kvXpX ÿnXnSsb c≠m-asØ JWvU-tØmSv tN¿Øp-]n-Sn-°p- hntijw taf-I-em-Zm¿i-n-I¿°v ssI∏ng h∂-∂Xv {i≤n-®m¬ Cu hn{`m-¥n°v kam-[m--am-Ipw. Xm-sW∂v A`n-{]m-b-s∏-Sp-hm≥ X°-h-Æ-ap≈Xpd-∂p≈ B Iq´n-∏n-Sp-Ø-tØmsS am{Xta Xmf- Xt‚Sw Cu teJ-I-n-√. adn-®v, B coXn ]q¿∆m-h´w ]q¿Øn-bm-hp-∂p-≈q. CXp-t]mse {]kvXpX Nm- c y- ∑ m¿ t_m[- ] q¿∆w k∂n- t h- i n- ∏ n- ® - X m-sNºS taf-Øns‚ c≠mw Ime-Ønse BZy-I- sW∂pw AXn¬ thsd Fs¥ms°tbm Hfn™pem-i-ti-j-ap≈ c≠m-asØ Xmf-h-´-߃ cq]-s∏- InS-∏p-s≠t∂m Hfn∏n-®p-h-®n-´p-s≠t∂m hniz-kn-Sp-∂-Xp-Im-Wmw. ]©mcn aq∂mw Ime-Øn-tebpw °p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p.memw Ime-Øn-te-bpw-t]mse Iem-i-tijw n»- "hmZyhpw thZhpw F∂ teJ- - Ø n¬_vZ-{In-b-bn-√msX Hcp sNº-S-ofw Iem-i-tØm- sNº-SS sshZn-Ihpw ssZhn-Ihp-am-sW∂v hy‡- - -sSm∏w Iq´n-∏n-Sn-°p-∂Xpw ImWmw. AtXm-Sp-IqSn am-°n-bn-´p-≠v. sNº-SXm-fØn¬ sNº-SSbn-ep≈ - - - - - 17
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010Hcp taf-am-Wt√m ]T-hn-j-bw. ap≥]v hy‡-am- am-Wv. ]Xn-Im-e-Ønepw c≠mw-Im-e-Ønepw CS°°n-b-t]mse Cu tafw, BtLmj ka-bØv emi-k-a-bØv NXp-c-{i-KXn {]Z¿in-∏n-°p-∂p-s≠-{]tbm-Kn-°m-dp-≈Xpw mep-Im-e-Nn-´-bp-≈-Xp-amb ∂Xv hnK-Wn-®√ Cßs Ipdn-®-Xv. ÿmbn-bmbnsNºS taf-hp-ambn LSbn¬ bmsXmcp kmay- NXp-c-{i-KXn Ah-km--Im-e-Ønte {]I-S-am-Ip-hp-an-√. Cu taf-Ønv BtLm-j-]-c-X-sb-°mƒ ∂p≈p F∂ A¿∞-Øn-emWv Aßs Ipdn-®-IqSp-X¬ Ap-jvTm-n-I-X-bn-emWv {]m[m-yw. Xv. Cu hkvXp-Xbpw CS-°-em-i-ß-fnse NXpc-CXns‚ ]Xn-Im-e-Ønepw c≠mw Ime-Ønepw {i-KXn kzoIm-chpw ]T--hn-j-b-am-t°-≠-Xm-Wv.Xmbw-]-I-bnse FÆ-߃ sIm´m-dp-≠v. CXp-t]m- "aImc- X Øz ]©- I - ß - f psS euInIse, ]©m-cn-tafw Ign™v AS¥ aq∂mw-Imew k¶ev] {][m--ß-fmb {Kmay-I-em-cq-]-ß-fn¬XpS-ßn-bmepw FÆ-߃ sIm´m-dp-≠v. Cu sNº- n∂p-ev]-∂-amb {Ia-{Zp-X-ta-fw, Ah-bnse {]tbm-S-tafw apºp ImWn-®-t]mse {][m--ambpw Ie- K-P-y-{]-IrXn {]I-S-am-°p-∂p-s≠-¶n¬, AXv A-i-߃ ]qPn-°p-tºmgpw BSp-tºm-gp-amWv sIm´m- h- [ m- - X - a q- e - a m- s Wt∂m _ln:t{]c- W - a q- e - a m-dv. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ Ie-i-s®ºS Fs∂mcp sWt∂m hymJym-n-°p-∂-Xn-t-°mƒ, B coXn-t]cp-IqSn CXn-p- bpsS {]Xn-^-e-≠v. AjvS-_-‘- -am-sW∂v hne-I-eiw ho-I-c- bn-cp-Øp-∂-Xn-em-W- I - e iw apf- hnt√ bp‡n-k-]qP F∂n- l-Xbpw _u≤n-hbv°pw CXp- I- X bpw IqSp-Xs∂ sIm´p-∂p. X¬? F¶n¬tZho- t £- { X- ß - aØp-]n-Sn®vfnepw a‰pw Ifw- ]q¿∆m-]-c-_-‘-]q-Pbv°pw CXp- an-√m-tXbpwXs∂ sIm´p-∂p. Bp-]q¿∆n-t_m-apSn-tb-‰n¬ Imfn [-an-√m-tXbpw]pd-∏mSv Cu taf- ]q¿t∆m-Ø-c-tØm-sS-bmWv h¿Ø-am-m-⁄-XpS-ßmdv Aßs Ap-jvTm--kz-`mhw XnI-™p- ambn btYjvSw kzmflm-p-`q-Xn°p tN¿∂-]Snn¬°p∂ Cu taf-at{X imt‡-b-I-em-k-¥- nb-a-c-ln-X-am-bn-Øs∂bp≈ Hcp {]tbm-K-kz-Xnbpw t£{X-a-Xn-eIw njn-≤-hp-amb ]m≠n-ta- `mhw ]m≠n-tafw {]I-Sn-∏n-°p-∂p-≠m-h-Ww, Ah-f-Ønv ]q¿∆mw-K-ambn sIm´p-∂-Xv. Ft¥ AX- km--Im-e-Xm-f-Ønv Hcp "XInSbpw Hcp "Xcn-ßs? t£{X-Ønse Ap-jvTm hnj-b-ß-fn¬ InSbpw tN¿∂ cq]-amWv ]m≠n-°p-≈-Xv. CXn¬kPo-h-am-bn-cw-K-sØ-Øp-∂, ]cn-ip≤n ]c-am-h[n BZy-JWvUamb "XInS, Hmtcm-L´Ønepw hyXy- - - - -Bhm- l n®ph®n- ´ p≈ Cu tafw, Aip≤n kvXamb LS {]I-Sam-°p-∂p. "taf-ßfnse nKq- - - -Bthmfw kzmwio-Icn-®sX∂p ap{Z-Ip-Øs∏-´n-´p≈ - - - -V-X-Iƒ F∂ teJ--Øn¬ taf-߃ Xmf-ß-]m≠n-ta-f-Ønp ]q¿∆mw-K-ambn Ft¥ n›-bn- fpsS taf-am-sW∂ hkvXpX hni-Zo-I-cn-®-t∏mƒ°-s∏´p? AXpw bmZr-›n-I-am-Im≥ hgn-bn-√. Cu hnj-bsØ kv]¿in-®n-cp-∂p. aq∂mw Ime- {Ia-{ZpX taf-h¿§-Ønse {][m AwK-ambn Ønse aq∂-£cw Dƒs°m-≈p∂ "XInS F∂]m≠n-ta-fw, BZyw kqNn-∏n-®-t]m-se, Ah-km-- BZy-JWvUw ]Xn-Im-e-Øn¬ 12 A£-c-ambnIm-e-Øn¬ NXp-c-{i-K-Xnsb {]m]n-°p∂ Hcp taf- h¿≤n-°-W-a-t√m. Cu 12 A£cw Bd-£-c-ap≈ 18
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 20101˛Dw 3 A£-c-ap≈ 2˛Dw ]©m-cn-I-fm-bn-°m-Wmw. km-n-∏n-°m≥ {ian-®m¬ ˛ A[zm--ap≠v ˛ CuCXp-Xs∂ 2˛mw Ime-Ønse BZy-L-´-Øn¬ 4 {]IrXw Ipsd-°qSn hy‡-am-Ipw. CXp-sIm≠vA£-c-ap≈ 3 sNº-S-bm-bn-Øo-cp-∂p. ]Xn-Im-e- h∂p-Iq-Sp∂Xv Cu {Ia-cm-ln-Xyw, B Iem-cq-]-Ønse BZy-J-WvU-Ønse 6 A£-c-ap≈ ]©m- Øns‚ amXr-I-e-bpsS `mh-X-e-ßsf Cu tafwcn, Hcp n»-_vZ-{In-b-°p-tijw 4 AS®pw H∂p Ap-h¿Øn-°p∂p F∂-Xm-W-t√m.Xpd- ∂ p- a mbn he- ¥ - e - b n- e qsS {]I- S - a m- I p- ∂ p. ]m≠n-bpsS ]q¿∆mw-K-ambn sIm´p∂ sNº-]m≠n XpS-ßp-∂Xv 28 A£-c-Øn-em-sW-¶nepw Sbpw CXp-t]m-ep≈ Hcp {]Ir-XsØ {]I-S-am-°p-taf ka-bØv he-¥-e-bnse A£c kwJy 14 ∂p- ≠ v . AXns‚ c≠mw Ime- Ø nse BZy- I -Btb ImWp-I-bp≈q F∂pw, Iemika-bØp emiØnp ap∂p Xmf-h´w ˛ sNº-S-h´w ˛ apºpam{Xta 28 A£cw he-¥-e-bn¬ {]I-S-am-Ip-I- apX¬ kzoI-cn-°p∂ LSmhntijw GXm≠vbp≈q F∂pw "taf-ß-fnse nKq-V-X-Iƒ F∂ ]m≠n-bp-ambn sshIm-cnI Xe-Øn¬ tbmPn-°p-teJ--Øn¬ ImWn-®n-´p-≠v. Cu ]Xn-Im-e-L´w ∂- X m- b n- I m- W mw. apdbv ° p sNº- S , AXns‚CS-°-em-i-Øns‚ BZy-L-´-Øn¬ 4 A£cw ssien-bn¬Øs∂ A©p-Xm-f-h-´-߃ apgp-hpwhoX-ap≈ aq∂p sNº-S-bm-°n-am-‰p-∂p. XpS¿∂v Ign™v s]s´∂v LS--am-‰p-∂Xv CXmWv hy‡-c≠mw Xmf-h-´-Øn¬ ncØn 10 XhW AS®pw am-°p-∂-Xv. CXpw Xmf-h-´-ß-fnse A£c kwJy-H∂p Xpd∂pw Aßs 11-˛Dw BZysØ n»- bnse Ak-a-Xzhpw IqSn-bm-Ip-tºmƒ, euInI_vZ-{In-b-bpw-Iq´n 12 A£-c-am-°p-∂p. Xpd-∂-Sn-bn- Iuf-am¿§m--p-km-cn-I-fpsS am-k-n-ebv°p X°-te°p IS-∂m¬ taf-Ønp Xmfw ]nSn-°p∂ hÆw sNºSbv°v cq]-t`Zw hcp-∂p. Hcp ]t£,coXnbpw amdp-∂p. H∏w Iem-i-Øn-t‚bpw 2˛mw Cu cq]-`m-h-t`-Z-ß-sf-s°m≠v ]m≠n-tafw XpS-Imew apX¬ Xpd∂p Xmfw ]nSn-°p-I-bmWv ]Xn- ßp-hm≥ ]‰nb A¥-co£w krjvSn-°p-I-bmtWmhv. AtXmsS tafw 14 A£-c-Øn-tebv°p IS-∂- CXns‚ Dt±iyw?Xp-aq-ew, CS-¥-ebnse sIm´p-IƒIqSn IW-°m-°n-bm¬ 4 A£-c-ap≈ 3 sNº-S-Isf BZy-J- tIc-f-Øn¬ Xmf-߃°v c≠p apJ-ap-≠v.WvU-Øn¬ I≠p-ap-´m-sa∂v BZyw kqNn-∏n-®n-´p- H∂v AS-™Xpw at‰Xv Xpd-∂-Xpw. thsdmcp Xc-≠v . Cu L´- Ø n¬ sNº- S - b psS Ah- k m Øn¬ ]d- ™ m¬ tIc- f - Ø nse Xmf- ß ƒ°vA£cw am{Xta he-¥-e-bn¬ n∂pw ]pd-s∏-Sp- AS™Xpw Xpd-∂-Xp-amb c≠p `mh-ß-fp-≠v. taf-I-bp-≈q. he-¥-e-bnse sIm´p-Isf {][m--am-°n- ß-fn¬ k¿∆-km-[m-c-Wambpw Xmbw-]-I-bn¬bm¬, Cu sNº-S-Isf 2 A£-c-ssZ¿Ly-ap-≈-h- BZy-`m-K-ß-fnepw CXv ImWmw. he-¥-e-bn¬bm-sW∂v Xocp-am-n-t°-≠n-h-cpw. c≠mw Ime- sIm´p-tºmƒ tIm¬ Aa¿Ønbpw hn´pw sIm´p-Øns‚ c≠mw L´-Øn¬ taf-Øns‚ {]IrXw ∂-XmWv Cu k{º-Zm-bw. IY-I-fn-bn¬ ]Z-߃s]s´∂p amdn-b-Xmbpw Imew apdp-In-b-Xmbpw ]mSp-tºmƒ tNßn-e-bnepw Ce-Øm-f-Ønepw CutXm∂pw. Xmf-h´Ønse BZy-JWvUw, AXm-bXv - - - k{º-Zm-b-Øns‚ GI-tZi cq]w ImWmw. CXmWv12 A£-c-ap≈ ]©m-cn, Cu L´-Øn¬ 3 A£- tIc-f-ssien F∂p Xocp-am-n-®m¬ ]©-hmZywc-ap≈ 4 ]©m-cn-bmbn amdp-∂p. CXp-am-{X-a√, Iem- - tIc-fo-bXmf k{º-Zm-bsØ AwKo-Icn-®n-´n-s√∂p - -i-Xm-f-h-´-ß-fnse Xmf-ssi-en-I-fn-ep-ap≠v sshhn- ]d-tb-≠n-h-cpw. CXv Hcp {][m hnj-b-am-sW-[yw. BI-∏m-sS, ]m≠n-ta-f-Ønse BZy-h-km ¶nepw Ct∏mƒ AXn-tebv°v IS-°p-∂Xv A-h-Xmf-ssien, hyp¬{I-a-{ZpX taf-ß-fp-tSXp h®p- k-c-Øn-em-Ip-sa-∂p-≈-Xn-m¬ hnj-b-Øn-te-°p-tm-°p-tºmƒ, Hcp ne°v ASp-°pw-Nn-´-bp-an- Xs∂ Xncn-®p-t]m-Imw. Cu Xmf-k-{º-Zm-bsØ√msX Hs´ms° IpØ- g n- ™ - { ]- I r- X - a p- ≈ - X m- thsdm-cp-X-c-Øn¬ hymJym-n-®p-tm-°mw. ]c-tZ-sW∂p tXm∂pw. taf-Øns‚ a‰p-N-S-ßp-I-sfm-∂p- i-Øp-n∂pw sshZn-I-kw-kv°mcw kn≤n-®-h¿an-√msX Hmtcm Xmf-h´w am{Xw sIm´n taf-a-h- tIc-f-Øn¬ {]th-in°pw apºv Chn-S-Øp-Im¿ 19
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010i‡ym- c m- [ - I - c m- b n- c p- s ∂∂v Dd- ∏ n- ° p- h m- p≈ ∂n-cp-∂ ]e t£{X-ßfnepw C∂v AXv Dt]-£n- -bp‡n-I-fp-≠v. {]kvXpX hnj-bsØ Xev°mew °-s∏´p XpS-ßn-bp-an-cn-°p-∂p. sshZn-Iamb {iuX -C{X-am-{X-am°n n¿Ø-s´. AXns∏‰n AX-e- I¿Ω-ßfn¬ {]tXy-In®v bmK-ßfn¬ arK-lnwk - -kv]¿in-bmbn ]Tn-°m≥ thsd kµ¿`w hcp-∂p- D≠m-bn-cp-∂nt√ Fs∂mcp tNmZy-ap-≠v. thZm-cw-`-≠v. taf-߃ Hcp BtKm-f-{]-Xn-`m-k-am-sW∂ Im-eØv amwk`£-Whpw aZy-]m-hpw km[m-cW- -Bi-bsØ hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-tºmƒ {]kvXpX hnj- am-bn-cp-s∂∂v alm-Ihn A°n-ØØns‚ "{iuX- -b-Øn-te°v bp‡-amb {]m[m-y-tØmsS {]th- imkv{X kwkv°mcw tIc-f-Øn¬ F∂ {KŸ-in-°p-∂p-≠v. tIc-f-Ønse ]q¿∆-hm-kn-I-fmb Øn- e p- ≠ v . "thZ- Ø n¬Øs∂ sXfn- h p- I - f p≈imt‡-b-cpsS GtXm Hcp Ap-jvTm Iem-cq-]- hkvXp-X-bm-W-Xv. _p≤-a-XsØ XpS¿∂p-≠mbØn¬ n∂pw DZn®v Ime-{I-taW cq]w-sIm-≠- ssP-a-X-am-Wv, Ah-bnse Alnwkm kn≤m-¥-XmWv ]m≠n-tafw F∂v ]e- bp-‡n-Isf-s°m≠pw - am-Wv, Cu Imcy-Øn¬ hyXy-kvXamb Hcp Ime- -ÿm]n- ® p- I - g n- ™ n´p- ≠ v. B imt‡- b ¿ L´w DZvLm-Sw sNbvXsX∂v hnNm-cn-°s∏-Sp-∂p. - -euInI"aImcm- p- h ¿Øn- I fpw arK- _ - e n, ({iu-Xim-kv{X-]m-cºcyw tIc-fØn¬ ˛ A°nØw - - -Hcp]t£ c-_-en, F∂nh tZh-{]o-Xn-°mbn ]pdw 80) ]cm-ic kvarXn-bn¬. ""Aizm-ew-`w-K-hm-ew`w k∂ym-kw-]- e- s s]- X rIw tZh- t c- W - k p- t Xm- ev]Ønw Ieu-]©hn-h⁄tb¬ - - - - F∂p ImWp-∂p. AXp-sIm-≠p-X- s∂-bmhmw _en-Iƒ°v ]njvS-]- ipsh kzoI- c n- ® - X v . GXm- b mepw tIc-f-Øn¬ IpSn-tb-dnb ]c-tZ-in-I- fmb sshZn-I-Nm-cn-Iƒ aZy-amw-km- Zn-Isf GXm-s≠ms° Dt]-£n-®p- I-gn-™n-cp-∂-h-cm-bn-cn-°-Ww. C°m- c-W-Ømepw D—w-J-e-hn-⁄m--{]-`- h-ß-fmb thZ-ß-fnse hn⁄mw tSn- b n- c p- ∂ - X p- s Im≠pw Ch≥sNbvXn-cp-∂-h-cp-am-hmw. GXm-bmepw tIc-f-t£- DZv_p-≤-a--kv°-cm-sW-∂n-cn-s°, Xpd-∂p≈ Xmf-{X-ß-fn¬ D’-h-_-enbv°v B hI BNm-cm-p- `m-K-߃ Ah¿ Xs∂ F∂-p-am-n-°mw. Hcp ]Sn-jvTm--ß-fpsS tXbvamw h∂ IÆn-Iƒ C∂pw IqSn apt∂m-´p-t]m-bm¬, taf-ß-fpsS ]Xn-™-Im-ne-n¬°p-∂p-≠v. eßfn¬ A[n-Ihpw apdp-Inb Ime-ß-fn¬ Ipd- Xmf-ßfpsS ta¬hn-hcn® c≠p apJ-ßfn¬ - - - hp-ambn AS™ Xmf-`m-Kßsf ImWp-Ibm¬, Hcp - -H∂v, euInI"aImc {]Np-camb i‡ym-cm-[sb - - ]t£, hyp¬{I-a-{ZpX taf-ß-fn-se ]Xn-Im-e-ß-BN-cn-°p-∂hsc {]Xn-n-[o-Icn-°p-∂Xm-bpw, c≠m- - - - fn¬ ImWp∂ t¿tIm-ep-Iƒ, hncp-∂p-Im-cpsSa-tØXv buKnI"aImc {][m-amb CXc tZhm- - ]£-Øn¬, Chn-SsØ A]-cn-jvIr-Xcpw A⁄-cm-[ BN-cn-°p∂hsc Dƒs°m-≈p-∂-Xmbpw cp-amb i‡ym-cm-[-I-]q¿∆-hm-kn-I-fm-Imw. F¶n¬k¶-ev]n-°m-sa∂p tXm∂p-∂p. sshZn-Im-p-jvTm sNºS c≠mw Ime-Ønse {Ia-c-ln-XXzw shfn-coXn-I-fmWv C∂v tIc-f-Ønse an°-t£-{X-ß- s∏-Sp∂ {]tXy-I-Xm-f-co-Xn, {Ia-{Zp-X-ta-f-ß-fnsefnepw Ap-jvTn-®p-t]m-cp-∂Xv F∂Xv Cu Ap-am- Baq-e-{I-a-cm-ln-Xy-Øns‚ apt∂m-Sn-bm-Imw. F∂p--Ønv {]m_eyw Xcp-∂p. Iuf-am¿§w ne-n- h-®m¬, sNº-S-bnsS Cu hyp-ev]∂ {Ia-cm-ln-Xyw- 20
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010sIm≠v , ⁄mn- I - f mb AYhm sshZn- I kw- Ønse Cu Bh¿Øw, L´wL´-ambn, Assh-kv°mc kº-∂-cmb ]c-tZ-in-Iƒ, A⁄m-n-I- Zn-Isc sshZn-I-am¿§-Øn-tebv°v kwkv°-cn-s®-fmb Chn-SsØ ]q¿∆-hm-kn-I-sf, Ah°p tN¿∂ Sp- ° p- ∂ - X ns‚ Iem- ] - c - a mb Nn{Xo- I - c - W - a mbncwKw Hcp°n kzoI-cn-°p∂ cwKsØ mZ-ssh-Nn- AwKo-I-cn-°-W-sa∂p tXm∂p-∂p. Hcp Xn≠p IS-{Xy-ß-fpsS klm-b-tØmsS {]Xn-cq-]m-fl-I-ambn °p-hm≥ `mc-ta-sd-bp≈ Hcp hml--Ønv bZr-]p:{]Z¿in-∏n-°p-I-bm-Imw. alm-Ihn Pn. i¶-c- —bm km[n- ° msX h∂m¬, ]nt∂m- t ´m∂p°p-dp-∏ns‚ Agn-ap-JØv F∂ Ihn-X-bn¬ hen™v k¿∆- i - ‡ n- b p- a p- ] - t bm- K n®v apt∂m´v""X∂-h-tcm-[-Øn-se-»-]Yw Pe-tc-J˛ B™p-h-en®v e£yw {]m]n-°p∂ Hcp {]Xo-Xn-sb∂p-a-Ø-Sn-®n´p nb-Xm-[n-Im-csØ bt{X Cu cwK-Øn-p-≈-Xv. Cu coXn-bn¬ Nn¥n-]ns∂bpw ]c-Øp-hm≥ P-Xm-o-Xn-°mbn ®m¬ ]Xn™ Ime-ß-fnse AS-®p-Xm-f-ß-fpsSn∂ oXn-sb-Ø-´n-°-S-°m-m-cw-`ns° B[n-Iyhpw apdp-Inb Ime-ß-fnse Xpd∂ Xmf-iqc-m-samcp s]cp-amsf ap≥]o-m-Sns‚ ß-fpsS B[n-Iyhpw hy‡-amb Hcp Nn{X-sØ-[oc-amw- kn-cm-c‡w Xnf-bv°p-tatXm lkvXw Ø-cp-∂-Xm-bn-°m-Wmw. tafw NXp-c-{i-K-Xn-bn-IpØn-b-I-Y-bnse hoc-kw-`-hw-sIm≠v tebv°v ASp-°pw-tXm-dpw, B tafw {]Xn-n-[mwXo¿Ø-m-SIw Sn-∏n-°-b-√√o hnizw sNøp∂ ]q¿∆-tI-c-fo-b¿ {]_p-≤-cmbn sshZn-I- am¿§m-p-km-cn-I-fm-bn-Øo-cp-∂-Xns‚ Hcp Nn{XhpwImWn-®-t]m-ep≈ Hcp Nn{Xw Cu c≠p taf-ß-fp- CXn¬ n∂p-cp-Øn-cn-bp-∂p. kmam-y-n-ebv°v ]cn-tSbpw kwKaw {]I-Sam-°p-∂p. GI-Xm-f-Øn¬ kcw Ap- t bm- P y- s a∂v t_m[y- s ∏t´ Bcpwn∂pw sshZn-I-ssZ-hn-I-amb NXp-{i-K-Xn-bn-te- Fßpw {]th-in-°p-hm≥ km≤y-X-bp-≈p. hyXy-bv°p≈ Cu Ap-kyqX kwkv°cW{]-{Inb Hcp - - - kvX-amb coXnIsf Ap-k-cn-°p-∂-hcpw sshZn-]t£ tIc-f-Ønse taf-߃ am{Xta {]Z¿in- I-kn-≤m-¥m-p-km-cn-Ifpw AXn-Yn-I-fp-amb ]c-tZ-∏n-°p-∂p≈q F∂v tXm∂p-∂p. in-Iƒ, Ah-cpsS ]£-Øn¬ Am-Nmcna-·-cpw, ]m≠n-tafw Ah-km--Im-e-Øn¬ am{Xta Akw-kvIr-X-cpw, A⁄m-n-I-fp-amb Chn-SpsØsNº-S-S kzoI-cn-°p-∂p≈q F∂mWv kn≤m-¥- BZn-hm-kn-I-sf, Ah¿°p s]cp-am-dp-hm-≥ X°-a-p-kcn®v Xocp-am-n-t°-≠Xv. F∂m¬ ]Xn-Imew - - hÆw ]cn-k-c-sam-cp°n kzoI-cn®v ⁄mtm-]-apX¬ Iem-i-th-f-bn¬ sNº-S-S {]I-S-am-Ip-∂p- tZiw sNbvXv kwkv°-cn-s®-SpØv k¿∆m-flm≠t√m. AXnv F¥p hymJymw sImSp°pw kakrjvSn-`m-h-tØmsS Hcp kaq-l-sa∂ ne-bn-Fs∂mcp ]q¿∆-]-£-ap-≠v. Iem-i-th-f-I-fn¬ tebv°v Db¿Øn-s°m-≠p-h-∂p-sh-∂-Xns‚ kqN-sNº-SS kzoI-cn®v ho≠pw GI-Xm-fØn-tet°m - - -bt√ hncp-≤-am¿§-]-c-ß-fmb Cu c≠p taf-ß-c≠-£-c-Im-e-ap≈ coXn-bn-tebvt°m aS-ßp-∂-Xv, fp-tSbpw kwKaw Xcp-∂Xv?hyp¬{I-a-{ZpX taf-ß-fpsS Imew Iem-in-®p≈ ]c-ip-cm-a≥ IS-en¬ n∂pw hos≠SpØv]›m¬K-a--Ønp Xpey-a-t√, kam--a-t√, {Ia- ]c- t Z- i - { _m- “ - W ¿°v , Cu {]tZ- i w, amXr- l -{Zp-X-ta-f-Øns‚ ta¬°m-Wn® kz`mhw F∂Xpw Xybv°pw £{Xn-b-Ip-tem-∑q-e-Ønpw {]mb-›n-Hcp ]q¿∆-]-£-am-Wv. c≠pw c≠p-X-c-am-Wv. H∂v Ø-ambn Zmw sNbvI-bpw, Ahsc Chn-sS-sIm-ÿncw sNº-S-S XpS-cp-tºmƒ at‰Xv CS-hn´v ≠p-h∂v 64 {Kma-ß-fp-≠m°n Ah-bn¬, {]tXy-AXns Ap-k-cn®v Ah-kmw kam--ssi-en- Im-Nm-cm-p-jvTm--ß-tfmsS IpSn-bn-cp-ØpIbpwI-fn-se-Øp-∂p. ChnsS sNº-S--Sbpw sNº-S-- sNbvXp F∂ sFXn-lysØ mw ncm-I-cn-t°-Sbpw ssZhn-Ihpw sshZn-I-hp-am-sW-∂p≈ hkvXp- ≠. Hcp]t£ Cu sFXnlyw tate-hn-i-Zo-I-cn-®-X, taf-kw-kvIr-Xn-bpsS apJy-L-S-I-am-sW-∂w-Ko- Xns‚ thsdmcp hymJym--am-hmw. GXm-bmepwI-cn-®n-cn-s°, tase-gp-Xnb ]q¿∆-]£ßƒ°v ne- - - tIc-f-Ønse {_m“-W-cmcpw Xs∂ ChnsS D¤-n¬∏n-√m-Xm-Ip-∂p. ]m≠n-ta-f-Øn¬ ]Xn-Im-e- hn- ® - h - c psS ]c- º - c - I - f - √ . Ah¿ I¿Æm- S - I - 21
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010Øn¬nt∂m B{‘-bn¬ nt∂m at‰-sX-¶nepw tX™p-am-™p-t]m-bn-Øp-Sßn-bn-´p≈ B hyh-ÿ- -hnZq-tcm-Ø-tc-¥y≥ {]tZ-i-ß-fn¬ nt∂m ChnsS Iƒ {_m“W krjvSn-Ifm-hWw. ]c-ip-cm-an¬ - - -IpSn-tb-dn-]m¿Ø-h-cpsS ]c-º-c-bm-Wv. AXv, Hcp]- n∂pw k¿∆-kz-Zm-am-bn-°n-´nb `qan-bpsS DS-aÿ- - -t£, ]pcm-W-]p-cp-j-mb ]c-ip-cm-as‚ {ia-^-e- Xm-hIm-ihpw, AXp-hgn P∑n-Xzhpw kmaq-ly-b- - - -am-Imw. ]pcm-W-ß-fnse ]eXpw bmYm¿∞y-am-bn- X-{¥m-[n-Im-chpw m´p-cm-Pÿm-hpw a‰pw AXns‚ -cp-s∂∂v D¬J---ßsfs°m≠pw a‰p-]-cy-th-j- ]cnWnX-^eam-IWw. sshZnI hn[n-Iƒ°-p-kr- - - -Wß- s f- s °m≠pw sXfn- b n- ° - s ∏´p hcp∂ X-ambn t£{Xm-Nm-c-ß-fn¬ s]mfn-s®-gpØp S-nebv°v Cu ]c-ip-cm-aIYbpw XØz-Øn¬ AwKo- - - Øn, Ah-bn¬ Ah¿Æ-sc∂p ap{Z-Ip-Øs∏´ Chn--I- c n- ° - b m- W v _p≤n. GXm- b mepw Chn- S sØ SpsØ ]q¿∆-hm-kn-Iƒ°v {]th-i-hpw Bcm-[-{_m“-W-cpsS˛-ºq-Xn-cn-amcpw a‰pw-˛-]q¿∆n-I¿ ]c- m-kzm-X-{¥yhpw ntj-[n-®Xv CXns‚ klm-b-tZ-in-I-fm-sW-∂-Xn-v, Ah-cpsS Krl-ß-fpsS "a tØm-sS-bm-h-Ww. Aßs tm°n-bm¬ tIc-f-"C√w F∂o-hm-°p-Iƒ sXfn-hm-Wv. Ahbv°p Øn¬ amthen hmgvN-°m-e-Øp-≠m-bn-cp-s∂-∂pkam--ßfpw Xma-k-ÿ-ew-˛-ho-Sv-˛-F∂ A¿∞-ap- hniz-kn-°s∏-Sp∂ B kaXz ÿnXn, {_m“-W- -≈-Xp-amb ]Z-߃ I¿Æm-S-I-Ønepw sXep-¶n- cpsS kzm¿∞ _p≤n-bmWv in-∏n-®p-I-f-™Xvep-ap-≠v. CXpw Hcp bmZr-—n-I-X-b-√. F∂v Ap-am-n-t°-≠n-hcpw. F¶n¬ amthen F∂ - k¶ev]hpw bmYm¿∞y-am-Imw. Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dns‚ Ah-km alm-cm-Pmhpw ]n∂oSv cmP-{]-ap-Jp-amb {io. NnØn-cXn-cp-mƒ - - _me-cm-ah¿Ω Xncp-a p-sIm≠v t{ijvTmb Hcp - - - - `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. At±-lØns‚ ]q¿∆n-I¿ - alm-∑m-cm-bn-cp-∂n-s√∂v CXp-sIm≠v A¿∞-am-°- cp-Xv. _lp-ap-J-amb hn⁄m-hpw Ign-hp-Ifpw XnI™ alm- fl m- s h- ∂ - X n- p- ] cn Icp- Ø pw ka¿∞-p-amb Hcp cmPy-X-{¥-⁄-p-am-bn-cp∂p At±-lw. ]e `c-W-]-cn-jv°m-c-ßfpw XnI™ Zo¿L-ho-£WtØmsS At±lw hcp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. - - h¿§-k-a-c-tam, D®-o-N-Xz-tam, Xo≠tem At±-lØns‚ [oc-amb Nph-Sp-sh-∏p-Ifn-sem-∂t{X - -H∂pan-√mØ ka-Xz-kp-µcamb Hcp tIc-fw, ]c-tZ- - - 1936 hw-_¿ 12-˛mw XobXn ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn® {]kn-≤-in- I fpw sshZn- I - k w- k v ° m- c m- p- N m- c n- I - f p- a mb amb t£{X-{]-th-i hnfw-_cw. Cu hnfw-_cw -{_m“-W¿ ChnsS IpSn-tb-dnbXnp-tijw Gsd- ]pds∏Sphn-°m≥, Hcp ]t£, At±-lØnv {]Y-a- -°mew Ign-bpw-aptº ChnsS ne-hn¬ hcn-Ibpw {]-tNm-Zw ¬In-bXv sNºS ]m≠n-ta-fßfpsS - -]pe-cp-Ibpw sNbvXn-cp∂p F∂ hkvXp-X, sNºS A-y-km-[m-c-Wmb kwK-a-am-hmw. A]m-c-n-co-]m≠n-ta-fßfpsS AXn-kp-µcamb kwK-acw-Km-hn- - - - - - £W ]mS-hap≈ {io. NnØn-cXn-cp-mƒ alm-cm- - -jv°m-c-Øn¬ n∂pw Dcp-Øn-cn-™p-h-cp-∂-Xmbn Pmhv sNºS ]m≠n-ta-f-ß-fpsS kam-K-a-Øn¬aptº Nq≠n-°m-Wn-®p-h-t√m. B ]c-tZin an°- ta¬∏-d™ hkvXpX ng-en-®p-In-S∏ps≠∂v Is≠-hmdpw Cu {]tZ-iØp-Im-cm-bn-°gn-™t∏mƒ Ah¿ - - - Øn-bncn°mw. IqSp-X¬ amWnIyw t£{Xw, sIm®n-{]N-cn-∏n-®Xmhmw {]kvXpX ]c-ip-cm-aIY. As√- - - - bn-em-sW-¶nepw Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ cmP-Ip-Spw-_-Øn-¶n¬ {_m“-Wta-[m-hn-Xzhpw XZzm-cm D®o-NXzm- - - - - - t‚-Xm-Wv. B t£{X-`cWØnv Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ - - -Zy-m-Nm-cßfpw ChnsS ho≠pw DS-se-Sp-°p-am-bn- - alm-cm-Pmhv kz¥w {]Xn-]p-cp-j-s-∂-n-ebv°vcp-∂n-√. as‰m-cp-X-c-Øn¬ ]d-™m¬, an°-hmdpw nbp-‡m-°p∂ hy‡n-bt{X X®p-Sb ssIaƒ. - 22
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010Cu t£{X-Ønse D’-hØns‚ ]≈n-th´ Bdm´v - ]m≠n-ta-ftijw tIfn, Ipg¬∏-‰,v sImºp-]‰v F∂o -Znh-kßfn¬ Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ alm-cm-Pmhv k∂n- - - NS-ßp-Iƒ°p-tijw ]©m-cn-ta-f-Øns‚ AI-º-ln-Xm-hm-dp-≠.v B Znh-kßfn¬ ]©-hm-Zy-tijw - - - Sn-tbmsS Xncn-®p-t]m-Ip-∂p. t£{X-aXn-eIØp IS- - -sNº-S-sb-Øp-S¿∂p≈ ]m≠n-ta-f-amWv ]Xn-hv. ∂m¬ ]Xn- h p- t ]mse hnf- ° ns‚ NS- ß p- I ƒ]m≠n-]p-dØv Ah-km-n-∏n-°p-∂Xpw XpS¿∂v Bh¿Øn-°p-∂p. Cu NSßp t£{X-{]-th-i--]©m-cn-bm°n tZhs aXn-ev°ItØ°v B-bn- - - Øn¬ n∂pw hne-°s∏-´h¿°p-th≠n {]tXyIw - -°p-∂Xpw At±lw ImWp-Ibpw {i≤n-°p-Ibpw G¿s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≈-Xm-Wp-Xm-pw. Cu Znh-k-sNbvXn-´p-≠m-h-Ww. ]m≠n-bpsS Aip-≤n-tbbpw Øns‚ Xte-Zn-hkw Cu NS-ßns sIm´n-bdn-bn- -sNº-SbpsS ]cn-ip-≤n-tbbpw Atz-jn®v a- n- - °p∂ ]Xnhpw Chn-sS-bp-≠v. CXv ]m≠n-tbmsSem-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-´p-≠m-I-Ww. F¶n¬ Xo¿®- XpSßn ]©m-cn-bn¬°em-in-°p∂p F∂Xv ta¬bmbpw Ah ]I¿∂p-sIm-SpØ shfn-®Øns‚ ^e- - hnh-cn® nK-a--Ønv klm-b-I-am-Wv. am{X-a-√,am-IWw t£{X-{]-th-i hnfw-_cw. Cu nK-a- - - Cu t£{X-Ønse ]e NS-ßp-Ifnepw Xncp-hn-Xmw- -Ønp klm-bIambn Ipd-™Xv ]pØ≥ Nnd-bnse - - Iq¿ cmP-Ip-Spw-_-Ønv ssIIm-cy-I-Ør-Xz-ap-≠v.Xr®-{I-]pcw t£{X-Øn¬ D’-h°m-eØv Hcp NS- - {]kvXp-Zn-hksØ Ing-t°m-´n-d°Øn-p≈ FÆ- - - -ßp-≠v. Hcp]t£ Cu t£{X-Øn¬ am{Xta ®n-ehv cmP-Ip-Spw_w hln-°p-∂p. nXyhpw Dj:]qP-kpZ¿i-N{Iw {][m {]Xn-jvTbm-bn-´p-≠m-hp-I- - - °p≈ i¿°- c - ∏ m- b kw Xncp- h n- X mw- I q¿bp-≈p. Xpd-hq¿ t£{X-Øn¬ kpZ¿i-{]-Xn-jvT- - cmPIpSpw_w hI-bm-Wv. Nnß-am-k-Ønse Xncp-bp-≠v. ]t£ AXv D]-tZ-hÿm-Øm-Wv. AhnsS - - thmW Znh-ksØ hmcw F∂ NSßpw cmP-Ip-c-knw-lamWv {][m-w. ChnsS D’hw aI-cam- - - Spw_w hI-bm-W.v Aßs Cu t£{X-Ønse D’-k- Ø n- e m- W v . aI- c - a m- k - Ø nse shfp- Ø - h mhp h-°m-esØ hen-bhn-f-°ns‚ hntij NS-ßp-wZnhkw Bdm-t´m-Sp-IqSn D’hw kam-]n-°p-∂p. a‰pw, Cu t£{X-hp-ambn _‘-ap-≈Xp-aqew {io. -Bdm-´ns‚ Xe Øte-Zn-hksØ henb hnf°v - NnØn-c-Xn-cp-m-fnv {]tNm-Zw ¬In-bn-´p≠m-h-F∂p ]d-bp∂p. Cu henb hnf-°p-Zn-hkw a‰p- Ww. a‰p t£{X-ßfn¬ Ah¿Æsc C{X-t]mepw -t£- { X- ß - f n¬ n∂pw hyXy- k v X - a mbn cm{Xn AwKo-Icn-°p-∂n√ F∂pw tXm∂n-bn-´p-≠m-Imw. -tZhs aXn-ev°p-]p-dtØbv°v Fgp-∂p-≈n-°p-∂p. -t£{Xw Hcp Ip∂n≥ apI-fn-em-Wv. S In-gt°m- - - t£{X-{]-th-ihnfw-_cw Adn™ alm-´mWv. Ingt° S-bn¬n∂pw Hcp Cd-°-am-Wv. flm-Km‘n {io. NnØn-cXn-cp-mƒ alm-cm-Pm-hns -tZh≥ Ing-t°m´v Cd-ßp-tºmƒ sNº-S-tbm-Sp- ""A`n-h Atim-I≥ F∂v hnti-jn-∏n-®n-´p-≠v.IqSnbp≈ ]m≠n-ta-fam-W.v Ing-t°-Sbn-ep≈ c≠v - - - alm-_ensb∏-‰n-bp≈ A⁄-XsIm-≠mImw At±- -B¬a-c-ß-fn¬ Ingt° B¬Ø-d-hsc tZh≥ l-sØ-s°m≠v Aßs ]d-bn-∏n-®Xv. Cu teJ- -FØp-∂p. AhnsS ]m≠n-Iem-in-°p-∂p. tZh≥ Ing- - Is‚ Ffnb A`n-{]m-b-Øn¬ {io. NnØn-c-Xn-cp-t°m´v taf-tØm-Sp-IqSn hcp-tºmƒ, t£{X-{]-th- mƒ alm-cm-Pmhv A`n-halm-_en-bm-Wv. jvS- - - - -i-Ønv A¿l-Xbn-√mØ Ah¿Æ¿ B {]tZiw - - s∏-´p-t]mb alm-_en-m-fp-Isf ]p:{]Xn-jvTn-°m- -FÆ hnf- ° p- I - s f- s °m≠v {]Im- i - a m- - a m°n p≈ Xo{h- a mb A`n- h mRv O CX- √ msXtZhs I¨Ip-fn¿s°°≠v Ap-{Klw tSp-∂p. F¥pƒs°m≈pw? ]n.-F≥. ºq-Xncn :˛ Ccn-ßm-e-°p-S-bn¬ Xma-kw. Kh. tImtfPv eIvN-ddmbn tkhw ApjvTn- ®n-´p-≠v. tKmh mj-W¬ C≥Ãn-´yq´v Hm^v Hmjym-tm-{Km^n, tIcf A{Kn-Iƒ®-d¬ bqWn-th-gvkn‰n F∂o ÿe-ß-fn¬ Kth-j-I-m-bn-cp-∂p. Ct∏mƒ hmZy-ta-f-ß-sf-°p-dn®v Kl--amb Hcp {KŸ-c-N-- bn¬ apgp-In-bn-cn-°p-∂p. 23
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 icW Io¿Øw v -A-n-b≥ vA—-p-a-Ωbpw iw`p-hpw hnjvWphpw]n® S-∂Xp ]¥-f-ØpwBt·-b≥, tlcw-_≥ X∂psS tkmZ-c≥BcWyw hmk-Kr-l-hp-am°nCµn-cm-Im-¥s‚ am-k-]p-{Xvaµncw ImSI a≤y-`mKwCutcgp-e-Inpw mY-mbv tahp-t∂m˛coiz-c≥ hmgpw i_-cn-aeDØa]qcp-j≥ X∂psS hmk-Øm˛ep≤mw ta¬°p-ta¬ ]qIn-Sp∂pDugn-bn¬ h∂p ]nd∂q `K-hmpwDut°dpw cm£ko n{K-lm¿∞wFs∂∂pw amtem-I¿°m-{i-b-ta-Ip∂pNn∑-b-cq-]mw tZh-tZ-h≥GIm-£-c-a{¥w sNm√n kvXpXn-°p-t∂m˛tch¿°pw ap‡n-b-cpfpw mY≥sFlnIPohnX taml-ß-sf-√mtaambp∂p XmhI Z¿i--Øn¬H≥]Xp tKmf-߃ amdpw Zi-Ifn¬ --A≥t]msS `‡-sc-Im°pw tZh≥Hmtcm ae-cnepw Hmtcm Xfn-cnepwHmwImctamXp∂p a£n-hrµwHu∂-Xy-ta-dpam∏q¶m-h--Øn-¶¬hs∂Øpw `q]m-e≥ h¿jw-tXmdpwAwt`m-cp-lm-£≥ X≥ tan-bn¬ Nm¿Øp-hm≥htº-dp-∂m-`-c-W-ß-fp-ambvAø-∏≥ X∂psS tamlcq]-sa≥A¥-cw-K-Øn¬ sXfn-™o-Ss´! 5 Q5 Q5 24
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 hiykp-µ-cao ]©mcn v s]cp-hw Ip´≥am-cm¿ v "]©mcn F∂ ]Z- Ø nv imkv { X- c oXy amhpw HØptN¿∂p, t{imt{X-{µn-b-Ønv BÀm-"HcpXcw Xmfw F∂mWv A¿∞w ]d™p ImWp- Z-I-c-amb Ap-`qXn krjvSn-°p∂ hmtZym-]-I-c-∂-Xv. XmfsØ Kmb-I-tem-N {]am-W-a-p-k-cn®v W-ß-fpsS tafw BWv ""tafw F∂p -s]m-XpshCßs n¿h-Nn®pImWp-∂p. ]d-bm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. ""Ime: {Inbm N amw N "ane t«j-tW-˛-tafw F∂mWp {]am-Ww. kw`-h¥n bZm-k-l, tIc- f ob Xmf]≤- X n- b - p- k - c n®v GIw, XZm Xmf-ky -kw-`qXn {Xn]p-S, sNº-S, Nº, AS-¥, ]©m-cn, {[phw F∂n- cnXn-t⁄bw hnN-£ssW: ßs Ggp Xmf-ß-fpw, Ahbv°v hyh-ÿm-]n-X-Imehpw, {Inb-bpw, amhpw HØptNcp-∂-XmWv amb {]tbm-K-co-Xnbpw njvI¿jn-°p-∂p-≠v.Xmfw. ChnsS "Imesa∂- X nv ka- b - s at∂A¿∞-am-t°-≠p. Xmfw]nSn-°m≥ sNøp∂ {]hr-Øn-I-tfm, tNjvS-Itfm BWv "{Inb-Iƒ. Ahc≠phn[-ap-≠v. "ki-_vZIhpw, "n»-_vZIhpw.{Inb-Iƒ°n-S-°p≈ ka-b-amWv amw.t{imt{X-{µn-b-Ønv BÀm-Z-I-c-amb HcXcw {Inb-bmWv hmZyw. "XXw hoWm-ZIw hmZy˛ am≤w apc-Pm-ZnIw hwim-Zn-I¥p kpjncw Imwky-Xm-fm-ZnIw Lw ˛F∂p, Aa-c-tImi {]Xn-]m-Z--a-p-k-cn®pw; A£-c-Im-esØ ASn-ÿm--s∏-Sp-Øn-bpw, "XXw ssNhm-h-≤w N ASn-ÿmXmfsØ Bkv]Zam-°n-bpw, taf-ßsf - - Lw kpjnc tah N ]e-XmbnXncn-°mw. Ah ˛ ]m≠n, ]©m-cn, Qº, NXp¿∆n[w Xp hnt⁄bw sNº-S, A©-S¥, AS-¥, {[phw, jUvIm-cn, hw, - BtXmZyw e£-WmznXw ˛ Iev]w, ebw F∂n-h-bm-Ip-∂p.F∂p mSy-imkv{X{]am-W-a-p-k-cn®pw; hmZy- ]©mcntafwßsf "XX-hm-Zy-߃, Ah-≤ hmZy-߃, "L-hm- Z y- ß ƒ, kpjn- c - h m- Z y- ß ƒ F∂n- ß s taf-ß-fpsS cmPmhv F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp∂ ]©m-membn Xcw-Xn-cn-°p-∂p. AXn¬ Ah--≤-hmZy cn-tafw sN≠-ta-f-Øns‚ kIe kujvT-h-hpw,hn`m-K-Øn¬ (tXm¬sIm≠v hmbvaq-Sn-s°´n D≠m- Kmw`o-cyhpw HØptN¿∂ hiy-ta-ml--hpw, emky-°p∂ D]-I-c-Ww) s]Sp∂ Hcp hmtZym-]-I-c-W- c-k-{]-[m--hp-amb Hcp hninjvS taf-am-Wv.amWv sN≠. Ah--≤-hm-Zy-ß-fn¬ BenwKy (B- A≥]-sØm-∂-£-cmfn Ien-X-X-p-e-tX.....enw-Kw sNbvXp hmbn-°p-∂-Xv) hn`m-K-Øn-emWv F∂p XpS-ßp∂ kp{]-kn-≤-amb t«mIw sIm≠vsN≠ Dƒs∏-Sp-∂-Xv. Aßs Ime-hpw, {Inb-bpw, Duc-I-ØΩXncp-h-Snsb {]Io¿Øn® ag-aw-K-e- 25
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010Øns‚ hwi-]-c-º-c-bn-epƒs∏´ taft{]an-bmb ]Xn-hv. 96 A£-c-Im-e-Øn¬ 12 sNºS h´-ß-Hcp ºq-Xn-cn-bpsS D]-tZ-i-{]-Imcw {]K-¤-mb fmWv ChnsS sIm´p-∂-Xv. c≠mw-Imew apX¬ Dcp-Hcp taf-hn-im-c-Z≥ cq]-I¬]- -sNbvXv {]kn-≤- fp-tIm¬, X°n-´, Ipg-a-dn-™-Imew F∂n-h-bmWvamb s]cp-hw ]qc -Zn-hkw Ac-ßØv Ah-X-cn- bYm-{Iaw hcp-∂-Xv. 48 A£-c-Im-e-amWv ChnsS∏n-®XmWv hiy-kp-µcamb ]©m-cn-tafw F∂mWv - - - sIm´n-Øo¿°p-∂-Xv. Ah-bn-em-Is´ Ime-ß-fpsSsFXn-lyw. A©p-Im-e-ß-fn-embn kwhn-[mw FÆ-a-p-k-cn®v Dcp-fp-tIm-en-epw, AXn-t-°mƒsNø-s∏-´n-cn-°-bm¬ CXv "]©mcn F∂-dn-b-s∏- IqSnb FÆ- Ø n¬ X°n´bn- e pw, X°n- ´ - t b-Sp-∂p. °mƒIq-Snb FÆ-Øn¬ Ipg-a-dn™ L´-Ønepw "cq]Iw ASn-ÿm Xmf-ambn ]©m-cn-bn¬ CS-°-em-i-߃ FSp-°p-I-bmWv {]mtbW sNøp-kzoI-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. 96 A£cIme-Øn-ep≈ ]Xn- ∂-Xv. taf-`wKn jvS-s∏-SmsX taf-[¿Ωw ]cn-]m-Im-e-Øn¬ Bcw-`n®v {ItaW 48, 24, 12, 6 F∂n- en-°-s∏-Sp-I-bmWv apJyw.ß-s-bp≈ A£-c-Im-e-Øn-te°v Npcp-ßp-∂- aq∂mw Ime-Øn¬ 24 A£-c-amWv Hcp Xmf-XmWv CXns‚ {]Ir-Xw. CXc taf-ßsf At]- h-´w. Dcp-fpssI Ime-Øn¬ 3 Iem-i-߃ sIm´pw.£n®v Hcp tImepw, ssIbpw D]-tbm-Kn-®m-Wv X°n-´-bn¬ 2 sNºS h´-am-bn-´mWv Dcp-fpssI]©m-cn- sIm-´p-∂-Xv. "]©mcn XpS-ßn-bm¬ ]Øp- sIm´p-∂-Xv. ]n∂oSv CS-°m-e-Øn¬ 6 Iem-i-ß-m-gnI F∂p -]-d-bm-dp≠v. imkv{Xo-b-amb ]©m- fpw, Ipg-adn™ Ime-Øn¬ 12 Iem-ißfp-sa-SpØv - - -cn-ta-fØnv mep-aWn-°q¿ kabw thW-sa-∂mWv - - memw Ime-Øn-te°p IS-°p-∂p. memw Ime-CXp-sIm≠v A¿∞-am-°p-∂-Xv. Cu ]Øp-m-gn-I- Øn¬ 12 A£-cIm-eap≈ Xmf-h´ßfm-Wv. X°n´ - - - - -bn¬ 5 mgnI H∂mw Ime-Øn-pw, XpS¿∂p≈ 5 Dcp-fp-ssI-bn¬ 4 Iem-i-߃ sIm´p-∂p. CS-°m-mgnI a‰p mep-Im-e-߃°pw Xpey-ambn hc- e-ß-fn-te°v IS∂v 8 Iem-i-ß-fpw, Ipg-a-dn™Ø-°-hn[w Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-I-bm-Wv sNøp-∂-Xv. L´-Øn¬ 16 Iem-i-ß-fp-sa-SpØv A©mw Ime-F∂m¬ ka-b-n-jvT-bn¬ A¬]-kzev]w t`Z-K- Øn-te°v IS-°p-∂p.Xn-Iƒ taf-{]-am-Wn-bpsS atm-[¿Ω-a-p-k-cn®v Bdv A£-c-Im-e-amb A©mw Ime-Øn¬kzoI-cn-°m-dp-≠v. Dcp-fp-ssI-˛-X-°n-´-bn¬ 5 Iem-i-ß-fpw, CS-°m-e- hnfw-_cw, a≤y-aw, {ZpXw, AXn-{ZpXw F∂o Øn¬ 10 Iem-i-ß-fpw, Ipg-a-dn™ Ime-Øn¬ 20Ime-L-S-sb Ah-ew_am°n-bpw, Bdv A£-c- Iem-i-ß-fp-sa-Sp-°p-∂p. AXn-p-tijw Xodp-I-em-Im-e-ap≈ ]©mcnXmfsØ A©mw -Im-e-am-°n- i-Øn-te°p {]th-in-°p-∂p.bp-amWv ]©mcntafw Nn´-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. L´-t`-Z-a-p-k-cn®v Iem-i-ßsf km[m-cW tafw Bcw-`n-°p∂ ka-bsØ Ime-an-S¬ Iemiw, Dcp-fp-tIm¬ Iem-iw, L´m¥ Iem-iw,(Xp-S°w) F∂p-]dbm-dp-≠v. tIm¬ sIm-≠p am{Xw - - - - Xmgv∂ Iemiw F∂n-ßs hnh-£n-°m-dp-≠v.sNº-S-h´w ASn-®p-]n-Sn®v, hnfw-_-Im-e-Øns‚ Ipsd Iem-i߃ Bh¿Øn-®p- sIm-´n-°gn-™m¬ - -BZy-L-´-Øn¬ Bcw-`n®v memw sNºS h´- FSp-°p-∂Xv km[m-cW Iem-i-am-Wv. Hcp L´wØn¬ Hcp Iq´n-Ø´v hcp-∂p. F´v A£-c-Im-e- Ah-km-n®v ASpØ L´-Øn-te°v IS-°p-tºmƒap≈ Hcp Xmf-h-´-sØ-bm-Wv sNº-S-h´w F∂p FSp-°p-∂Xv L´m-¥Iem-ihpw, Imew amdp-tºmƒ - - -]d-bp-∂-Xv. Cßs 6,8,10,11,12 sNºS h´-Øn-epw, Xmgv∂ Iem-i-hpw, t¿tIm¬L-´w- I-gn™v FSp-Iq´n-Ø´v Ign™ taf-Øns‚ Xmf-h´w Bcw-`n- °p-∂Xv Dcp-fp-tIm¬ Iem-i-hp-am-Wv.°p-∂Xv hnfw-_-Im-e-Øn-em-Wv. Ap-_‘ hmZy- ]©m- c n- t a- f - Ø ns‚ 1,2,3 Ime- ß - f n¬amb Ipdpw-Ip-g¬ taf-Øn¬ tNcp-∂Xpw Cu L´- Xmfw]nSn-°p-∂Xv sNº-Sa´n¬ Xs∂-bm-Wv. 3 Aa- - -Øn-em-Wv. °¬, Hcp ho®v, ]ns∂ 3 Xpd∂ ASn, Hcp ho®v ]Xn-Im-e-Øn¬ ne, X°n-´, Ipgadn™ F∂ {Ia-Øn-em-Wn-Xv. memw Ime-Øn¬ mevL´w F∂ {Ia-Øn¬ 6,4,6 CS-°-em-i-ß-fmWv A£-c-Im-e-ap≈ aq∂p apdn-s®-º-S-bm°n Xmfw- 26
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010]n-Sn-°p-∂p. A©mw-Im-e-Øn¬ A©v ASn-bpw, IemisØ XpS¿∂p hcp∂ c≠p apX¬Hcp ho®p-am-bmWv Xmfw-]n-Sn-°p-∂-Xv. Bdphsc Xmfh´ßfnemWv sImºqXp∂Xv. tafw taf-Øns‚ {][m Npa-Xe Dcp-´p-sN-≠-°m- sIm´p∂ ImeØns‚ ssZ¿Lyw IW°m°ncpsS Sp-hn¬ n¬°p∂ {]am-W-°m-c-m-sW-¶n- sImºv hmZØns‚ coXn {IaoIcn®n´p≠v. BZywepw, A{X-Xs∂ DØ-c-hm-ZnXzw Ipg¬{]am-W-°m- c≠p sNºSh´w ssZ¿LyØnepw, ]n∂oSv Hcpc-p-ap-≠v. Ipg¬ Np‰n-°¬, Npg-‰¬, Ipºn-S¬, Xpd- sNºSh´w ssZ¿LyØnepw, ]ckv]cw amdn amdn∂q-X¬ Cßs ]e -k-t¶-X-ßfpw D]-tbm-Kn- {]tbmKn®Xnp tijw Xmfh´Øns‚®mWv Ipg¬°m-c≥ taf-Øns‚ hnhn[ L´-ß- Ahkmw F√mhcpw tN¿∂v {]tbmKn°p∂sf-∏‰n sN≠-°m¿°pw a‰p hmZy-°m¿°pw n¿t±- coXnbmWv XpS¿∂p hcp∂Xv . Hmtcm Iemii- ß ƒ ¬Ip- ∂ - X v . taf- Ø ns‚ Hmtcm Ime- L´Ønepw, Hmtcm Xmfh´sa¶nepw sImºpØnpw Bp-]m-Xn-I-ambn th≠ kabnjvT hmZw thWsa∂Xv n¿_‘amWv.Hmtcm L´Ønepw th≠ IemißfpsS FÆw, tafØnv BZy¥w {ipXnebhpw, sImgp∏pwc≠p Iemi߃°nSbv°p≈ Xmfh´ßfpsS ¬Ip∂Xv CeØmfamWv . Xmft_m[w a‰pFÆw n¿Æbn°¬, F∂nh taf {]amWnsb hmZIcnepw, t{imXm°fnepw DW¿ØpIbmWvt]mseXs∂ Ipg¬ {]amWnbptSbpw DØchmZn CeØmfØns‚ [¿Ωw tafØn¬ Aen™pXzØn¬ s]Sp∂p. tN¿∂ncn°p∂ CeØmfØns‚ mZw sN≠bpsS mZ]cºcsb {]Iºw sIm≈n°p∂p. tafØn¬ sN≠bv°p ]pdsa tN¿°p∂ ApkmcnhmZyßfmb IpdpwIpg¬, sImºv , CeØmfw F∂nhbpsS FÆØnpw imkv { Xobamb Ap]mXap≠v . Hcp tafw sIm´p∂ sN≠°v aq∂p he¥e sN≠bpw, Hcp Ipgepw, Hcp sImºpw, c≠v CeØmfhpw ApkmcnhmZyambn thWw. ]Xn©v sN≠ ap≥ ncbn¬ tafw sIm´ptºmƒ, mev]ØnA©v he¥e sN≠Iƒ Xmfw ]nSn°phm≥ thWw. IpdpIpgepw, sImºpw ]Xn©phoXhpw, ap∏Xv tafØnv kwKoXw ¬Ip∂Xv CeØmfhpw thWw. s√mcp tafØnvIpdpwIpgemIp∂p. hnfw_ ImeØn¬ {]tbmK q‰nCcp]tXmfw t]¿ thWa∂¿∞w.km≤yX IqSpXep≈ IpdpwIpg¬ taft®m¿® ‘ tZhtaf ’ ambmWv ]©mcntafwkw`hn°msX tafsØ apt∂m´psIm≠p IW°m°s∏Sp∂Xv. AXpsIm≠pXs∂ t£{Xt]mIm≥ klmbn°p∂p. tafØnp ]mIØn¬ aXn¬s°´nIØpw t£{X ShgnIfnepamWvkwKoXsØ ]mIs∏SpØptºmfmWv tafw ]©mcntafw AhXcn∏n°s∏Sp∂Xv. s]cphwhiykpµcamIp∂Xv. ]qcØn¬ NmØ°pSw, DucIw, tN¿∏v tafØnv Ihpw, tamSnbpw Iq´p∂ ]qcßfpsS ]©mcnIƒ s]cphwD]IcWamWv sImºv. F∂m¬ tafØnse a‰p ShgnbnemWv Bhnjv°rXamhp∂Xv.hmZyßsft]mse sImºv tafØn¬ Ip´s√q¿ ]qcØns‚ ]©mcnbpw, t£{XBZyhkmw D]tbmKn°s∏Sp∂n√. SbnemWv AhXcn∏n°s∏Sp∂Xv. Bdm´p]pg]XnImeØnepw, c≠mw ImeØnepw, Hcp ]qcØn¬ Bdm´p]pg imkvXmhns‚ ]©mcnXmfh´w apgph≥ sImºqXp∂p. 3,4,5 Imeßfn¬ t£{XØnp ]pdØv sXm´p ap≥hiØmWv 27
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010SØmdp≈Xv . Xr∏qWnØpd, Ccnßme°pS hnf°p Znhkw 41 tZho tZh∑m¿ s]cphtØF∂o t£{Xßfn¬ t£{X aXn¬°IØmWv °pw, Bdm´p Znhkw 108 tZho tZh∑m¿]©mcn AhXcn∏n°s∏Sp∂Xv. Bdm´p]pgbnte°pw, Cc´b]s BZcn°m≥ s]cphw Bdm´p]pg ]qcßfn¬ ]©mcn FØnt®¿∂ncp∂p. Cc´b]≥ BdmSnbncp∂tafhpw, ]m≠n tafhpw kpe`amsW¶nepw, ]pgbmWv Bdm´p]pg. D’hw apSßnbXp apX¬]©mcntafØnmWv BkzmZIakpIƒ Cc´b∏≥ ]pdtØ°v Fgp∂p≈nbncp∂ ]XnhvIqSpX¬ {]mapJyw ¬In°mWp∂Xv. C√mXmbn. ]gb D’hØns‚ kvacWbn¬ 18Xr∏qWnØpd D’hØnv 15 ]©mcnbpw, tZhotZh∑m¿ aoamkØnse ]qbw mfn¬Ccnßme°pS D’hØnv 16 ]©mcnbpw, s]cphØpw, 23 tZhotZh∑m¿ ]qcw mfn¬Kpcphmbq¿ t£{XØn¬ hntij Bdm´p]pgbnepw BtLmjßtfmsS FØnZnhkßfnsems° cmhnse tafØnv an°hmdpw t®cp∂ ]XnhmWv C∂v nenev°p∂Xv.]©mcntafhpamWv ]Xnhv. s]cphw Bdm´p]pg ]qcßfn¬ s]cphw ]©mcntafØns‚ P∑`qanbmbn ]s¶Sp°p∂ t£{Xßfn¬ aIbncw ]pd∏mSp´mWv Adnbs∏Sp∂Xv. apX¬ BtLmj߃ Bcw`n°p∂p. Cu ‘BbmXp inhtemIw x ]qcmtLmjßfn¬ tafßfpsS Hcp irwLe IemhnXn hn temIm¬ Xs∂ AXnhn]peambn Actßdp∂p. Nn¥bm kZv`ncmcw`o D{Xwmfn¬ FS°p∂n `KhXn t£{XØnse tZh]qcatlm’hx’ hnkv X cn® ]©mcntaftØmsS s]cphw ˛ (Cu IenImeØpw ap°v inhtemIw Bdm´p]pg ]qcßfnse tafirwLe GItZiwhcs´sb∂ {]m¿∞tbmsS, k÷ßfm ]q¿ÆamIp∂p.temNn®v tZh]qc atlm’hw Bcw`n®p.) mSyimkv{XØn¬ hmZyßfpsS {]tbmKCXnse {]Ya]mZw “s]cphw Bdm´p]pg]qcw” kµ¿`߃ Cßs hnhcn°p∂p.Bcw`n®Xns‚ IenZn kwJysb°pdnbv°p∂p. “D’th ssNhbmt N˛ 1345610 ˛ AXmbXv Ienh¿jw 3684˛mam≠v r]mWmw awKtfjvT Naoamkw 27˛mw XobXn sh≈nbmgvN XpSßn ip` I√ymW tbmtK N1427 h¿jw ]n∂n´ ]mcºcyamWv Cu tZhtaf°p≈Xv. hnhmlIctW XYm D¬]mtX kw{`nta ssNh Ipw`amkØnse ]qcwmfn¬ sImSnIbdn kw{Kmta ]p{X P∑naoamkØnse ]qcwmfn¬ Bdm´mbn CuZrtijvT ln ImtcyjvTBtLmjn®ncp∂ s]cphØp’hw {ItaW k¿hmtXmZymn hmZtb¬.”£bn®v , ]gb D’hØns‚ henb hnf°pZnhkamb aoamkØnse ]qbw mfn¬ hnhn[ kµ¿`ßfn¬ tZhs Fgp∂s]cphw]qcambpw, Bdm´p Znhkamb ≈n°m≥ apX¬ awKf aplq¿Ø߃°p hsc]qcwmfn¬ Bdm´p]pg ]qchpambpamWv Ct∏mƒ hmZy߃ D]tbmKn°p∂p. F∂m¬ efnX BtLmjn®phcp∂Xv. AXp kpµcItf_camb kwKoXam[pcnbmWv t]mse s]cphsØ henb ]m©mcntafØns‚ hiyXbv°p nZmw. s]cp-hw Ip´≥am-cm¿ :˛ Ap{KloX IemImc≥. Xriq¿ ]qcØnv ]mdta°mhv hn`mKØns‚ {]amWn. Xr∏qWnØpd, Ccnßme°pS, s]cphw XpSßnb nch[n t£{Xßfn¬ tafØnv {]mamWyw hln°p∂p. taf{]amWnbmbncp∂ s]cphw A∏pamcmcpsS ]p{X≥. Bcm[I¿ hnc{iwJe ¬In BZcn®n´p≠v. 28
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 ]m≠n-tafw v kZw Znhm-Icamcm¿ v ]m≠n-tafw XpS-ßp-∂-Xnp apt∂m-Sn-bmbn {Xn]p-S-Xmfw ]nSn-°p∂ coXn, imkv{Xo-b-sNº-S-tafw aq∂pw mepw Ime-߃ sIm´n Iem- amb {Xn{i-PmXn {Xn]pS Hcp eLp c≠v {ZpXwin®v, ]m≠n-ta-f-Øns‚ ap∂-dn-bn∏v F∂ ne- BW-t√m. AtX-t]mse Xs∂ HcSnbpw c≠pbn¬ H∂mw Ime-Ønv apºmbn ""Heº¬ (Iq- hncepw ASpØ {ZpXhpw AXn- t mSv tN¿∂´n-s∏-cp-°¬) XpS-ßp∂p. Iq´n-s∏-cp-°¬ F∂Xv {ZpXhpw ASnbpw hn®nepw Xpd-∂v Xmfw ]nSn-°p∂Dcp-´p-sN-≠bpw he-¥ebpw Ce-Øm-fhpw Hcp`m- coXn-bmWv ]m≠n-ta-f-Øn-v. ]Xn-Imew (H∂mwKØpw, Ipdp-wIp-gepw sImºpw adp-`m-K-Øp-ambn Imew) 28 A£-c-Im-e-Øn¬ {Xn]p-S-Xm-f-Øns‚]ncn™v Dcp-´p-sN-≠-°m¿ c≠p-ssIøpw Db¿Øn- mev If Nu°-hpw, c≠mw Ime-amb 14-˛¬ A£-∏n-Sn®v BZyw he-Xp-ssI- c-Imew c≠v If Nu°-bnse tIm¬ sIm≠v hpw, 7 A£- c - I mew""Kn¿ F∂pw XpS¿∂v CS- hcp∂ 3˛mw Imew HcpXp- s sI- t Im¬ sIm≠v If Nu°-hp-ambn Ah-""[ow F∂pw sIm´n X-cn-∏n-°p-∂p.""Kn¿ [ow F∂m-cw-`n-°p- ]©m-cn-ta-f-Øn¬∂p. Heº- e ns‚ n∂pw hyXy-kvX-ambnssZ¿Lyw ]cn- K - W n®vIqSn-bXv Gg-£-c-°mew ]m≠n- t afw Ccp- s sI-CS- h n´v c≠m- a Xv ønepw tIm¬ D]-tbm-Kn-""Kn¿[ow sIm´n Cu ®mWv sIm´p-∂-Xv. Xmc-c≠p Kn¿[o- a ns‚ CS- X- t ay Akp- c - ` mhwthf Ipg¬°mcpw {]ikvXamb Ce™nØdtafw ssIh-cn-°p∂ taf-co-Xn-sImºp-hm-Z--°mcpw bmWv ]m≠n. ]©m-tN¿∂v ]qcn-∏n-t°≠XmWv Cu "Kn¿[ow XpS¿∂v cntafw kmXzn-I-amb Hcp taf kwhn-[m--am-Wv.ÿmbn-bn¬ FØp-∂-Xnv Hmtcm Ap-{ZpXw ]©-`q-Xm-∑-I-amWv Hmtcm Ime-߃. hnfw_w,hoXw Ipd®v Ipd®v sIm≠p-h∂v CS-hn-SmØ ne- a≤yw, {ZpXw F∂n-ßs sIm´n-°bdn Ah-kmw-bn¬ apdp-°n-s°m-≠p-h∂v Btcm-lW Ah-tcm- B Imew Xmgv∂ Iem-iamb 16 A£-cIm-eØn¬ - - -lW {Ia-Øn¬ Cu {]{Inb aq∂p-{]m-hiyw Iem-in®v ASpØ Ime-Øn-te°v {]th-in-°p∂Bh¿Øn®v Lw Ipd®v Ipd®v sIm≠p-h∂v am{X- coXn- b m- W v . F∂m¬ ]m≠n°v B coXn- b - √ .Iƒ sX‰msX n¿Øp-∂p. ]m≠n sIm´n-°bdp-Ibm-Wv. CSbv°v n¿Øn ASp- - - - Ø-`mKw FSp-°p∂ coXn-b-√. Hmtcm Iem-i- Cßs n¿Øn-b-tijw 14 A£-c-Ime ߃°pw {ItaW Imew tIdp-tºmƒ Nne am‰-kabw Ign™v (Cu 14 A£-c-Im-e-Øns‚ ka- ߃ hcp-∂p≠v F∂-√msX ÿmbnbmb Xmf-b-hpw sImºpw Ipgepw hmbn®v nd-t°-≠-Xm-Wv.) Øn¬ n∂pw am‰w hcp-∂n-√.Dcp-´p-sN-≠-bn¬ HcSn ASn-®-Xn-p-tijw CS-hn´vc≠-£-c-Im-e-Øn¬ Hcp ""XIr-X-IrX Dcp-fpssI XnI®pw kmXzn-I-a-√mØ Cu tafw t£{X-sIm´n n¿Øn, Cuc≠-£-c-°mew CShn´v aq∂p- a-Xn-en--IØv ]Yy-a-√. t£{X aXn¬s°-´np{]m-hiyw Hmtcm tIm¬ sN≠-°mcpw Xmf-°mcpw ]pdØp am{X-amWv Cu tafw SØp∂-Xv. tZhs‚Ipg¬°mcpw tN¿∂v Aa¿Øn-s°m´n ]m≠n-bpsS t£{X-a-Xn-eIw ""tZihpw, aXn-enp ]pdw ""]c-Xmf-amb ""{Xn{i-PmXn {Xn]pS men-c-´n-bmb 28 tZihpambn k¶¬∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂p. Cu taf-ØnvA£-c-Im-e-Øn-te°v {]th-in-°p∂p (H∂mw ""]c-tZin F∂¿∞w hcp∂ ""]m≠n F∂ t]cvImew ]Xn-Im-ew) kn≤n®p F∂-p-am-n-°mw. ]≠v ae-bmf tZi- 29
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010Ønv ASp-Øp≈ {]tZiw ""]m≠n-tZiw F∂- c≠mw Imew (]-Xn™ {Xn]p-S)dn- b - s ∏- ´ n- c p- ∂ p. ""]c- t Ziw ]m≠n- t Z- i - a mbn 14 A£-c-Ime XmfwAßs ]c-tZ-i-tafw ]m≠n-ta-f-ambn Adn-b- c≠mw Ime-Øns‚ Hcp Xmf-h-´-Ønv 14s∏´p XpS-ßn. A£-c-Im-e-am-Wv. Aßns 5 Xmf-h´w IqSnb kmXzn-I-a-√mØ Cu tafw Xr»q¿ hS-°pw- Iem-i-߃ ÿmbn-t]mse sIm´n-h∂v 10 {]mh-mY t£{X-Ønse kp{]-kn-≤-amb Ce-™n-Ød iy-sa-¶nepw Bh¿Øn®v Iem-in-°p-∂p.taf-am-Wv. CXv ]m≠n-ta-f-am-sW-¶n¬ Xs∂bpw, CXn-p-tijw ap´n-t∑¬ CcpØn sImt´≠XpS-ßp-∂Xv aXn-en-p-]p-d-Øp-n-∂p-am-Wv. ]md-ta- `mK-am-Wv. CXnv t¿tIm-se∂pw ]d-bm-dp-≠v.°mhv `K-h-Xn-bpsS ]Sn-™mtd S-bn¬ n∂mWv ""X°n´ Dcpfp-ssI-øm-bn-´mWv {]tbm-Kw. t¿tIm-XpS- ° w, Ah- k m- n- ° p- ∂ - X v . hS°pwmYs‚ en¬ 12 Iem-i-ß-sf-¶nepw sImt´-≠-Xm-Wv. ]Xn-hSt° S-bn-ep≈ ]qc-∏-d-ºn-em-Wv. aq-∂m-a-tØ-Xnv ne-sIm-´p-∂p. "XIr-X-IrX CXv aq∂mw Ime-Øn-te°v IS-°p-∂-Xnv kqN--bmbnH∂mw Imew (]-Xn-Im-ew) ]cn-K-Wn-°p-∂p. Xn{i-PmXn {Xn]pS 7 x 4 = 28 A£-c-Im-e- aq∂mw Imewamb Hcp Xmf-h-´-am-Wv. henb taf-am-sW-¶n¬ {Xn]pS Gg-£cw hcp-∂-XmWv aq∂mw Ime-A©v Xmf-h´w hsc sIm´n A©m-asØ Xmf-h- Øns‚ Hcp Xmf-h-´w. Cu `mKØp ap´n-t∑¬´-Øn¬ Ipg¬°m-c≥ Ipºn´v Iem-i-sa-Sp-°p-∂p. CcpØn sIm´p∂ Iem-i-ß-fm-Wv. Cu Ime-ØnvIemiw Cc-´n-n-ebn¬ 28 A£-cIm-eambn sIm´n - - - ""CS-ne F∂p ]d-bp-∂p. Chn-sSbpw Npcp-ßn-Ah-km-sØ 22-˛masØ A£-cØn¬ Iem-in®v, - bXv 14 Iem-i-ß-sf-¶nepw Iem-in®v "XIr-X-IrXap≥hn-h-cn® {]Imcw 28 A£-c-Im-e-Øn¬ ne- ne-sIm´n 7 A£-c-amb c≠mw `mK-ambn ASpØsIm´n XpS-cp-∂p. Cßs hnfw-_- Im-e-Øn¬ 4 L´-Øn-te°v {]th-in-°p-∂p.Iem-i-ß-sf-¶nepw sIm´-Ww. ASp-Ø-`mKw AXn-p-tijw ""Xpd-∂Sn F∂ `mK-tØ°v 7 A£cw IqSn-bXv Xs∂-bmWv Cu `mK-IS-°p-∂p. F¥mWv Xpd-∂Sn F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv? Øn-ep≈ Xmf-h-´-hpw. A©v Xmf-h´w Ign-™m¬{Xn]p-S-Xm-f-Øns‚ eLp (HcSnbpw c≠v hnc-epw) Iemiw "X°n´ Dcp-fp-ssI-bmWv sIm´p-I. Cuc≠p hnc¬ Xmfw ]nSn-®n-cp-∂Xv Aa°n sIm´n- `mK-Ønv ""Iq´n-Ø´v F∂p-]-d-bpw. 20 Iem-i-ß-bm-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ Xpd∂Sn h∂-t∏mƒ B c≠v sf-¶nepw Bh¿Øn-°-Ww, AXn-p-tijw icn-Aa°n sIm´epw Xpd-∂-Sn-®p-Xp-S-ßp-∂p. ChnSw bmb Ime-Øn¬ Xodp-I-em-i-Øn-te°v {]th-in®vapX¬ Imew Ib-dn-Øp-S-ßp-∂p. ap≥ coXn-bn¬ ""X°n´ Dcp-fp-ssI-øm-bn-´mWv sIm´p-I. XodnvXs∂ 4 Iem-i-߃ sIm´p-Ibpw Iem-i-߃°v Bh-iy-amb ssZ¿Lyw e`n-®m¬ Dcp-´p-sN-≠°m¿ -Nne am‰-߃ h∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-I-bpw sNøpw. Ipºn-Sm≥ Hcpßp∂p. {ItaW Aa¿Øn-s°m-´n- s°m-≠p-h∂v {]amW sN≠-°m-c≥, F√m Dcp-´p-Ah- k m ImeiaSn- ® p- s Im´n taf- Ø ns‚ sN-≠-°m-scbpw Ipºn-´-a¿Øn sIm´n®v XpS-ßn-ssZ¿Lyw ]cn-K-Wn®v Ie-mi-߃ sImt´-≠-Xm- b-tijw Xmpw Ipºn´v tijn-s°m-ØhÆw IcSp -Wv. ASn®p Iem-i-Øn-p-tijw "XIr-X-IrX IqSmsX aqt∂m At©m Xmf- h ´w sIm´n-F∂ Iem-i-Øn-te°v IS-°p-∂p. CXnepw Hcp 7 °emin®v nh¿∂v tafw Ah-km-n-∏n-°p-∂p.Iem-i-߃ Ign-™m¬ "X°n´ Dcp-fpssI Hcp ]m≠n-ta-f-Øns‚ Npa-Xe F√mw ]©m-cn-Iemiw sIm´n Ah-km-n-∏n®v ASpØ Iem-i- ta-f-ß-fnse t]mse-bm-Wv. ChnsS Ipdpw-Ip-g¬Øn-te°v IS-°p-∂p. {]tbmKw ss`chn cmK-Øns‚ `mh-Øn-em-bm¬ G‰hpw ∂m-bn-cn-°pw. kZw Znhm-Icamcm-¿ :˛ Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßcbnse taf-Ønv BZy-Imew apX¬s° {]am-Wn. IY-I- fn-bn-epw, Xmb-º-I-bn-epw, taf-Ønepw Hcpt]mse Ignhv {]Z¿in-∏n-°p∂ {]K-¤≥. injy¿ hoc-irw-Je ¬In BZ-cn-®n-´p-≠v. 30
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 {]Nm-cep-]vXßfmb taf-߃ - - - v sI.-hn. cmP-tKm-]m-e≥InSmhv v ΩpsS lrZ- b - ß - f n¬ A¥¿eo- - a mbn AXn- k q- £ v a - ` m- h - ß ƒ°pw AXn- t Lm- j - ß -h¿Øn-°p∂ kZv`m-h-ß-fpsS X{¥n-Isf sXm´p- tfmsSbp≈ ]S-∏p-d-∏m-Sp-Iƒ°pw Ccn-In-S-Iƒ°pwW¿Øn lrZ- b - h n- a - e o- I - c - W - Ø n- e qsS sΩ Iem-i-߃°pw mZXeß-sfm-cp-°p-hm≥ sN≠-kwhnXvhn{im-¥n-bpsS taJ-e-bn-te°p bn-°p- bv°p-km-[n-°pw. Xndbv°pw, sXø-Øn-pw, XnSºpI-sb∂XmWv GXp-Iem-hn-Zy-bp-tSbpw ]ca-[¿Ωw. - rØ- Ø npw apSn- t b- ‰ n- p- s a- ∂ - t ]mse taf-lrZ-b-tØmSv tcn-´p- kw-th-Zw km[n-t°≠ ߃°pw Xmb-º-Ibv°pw tIfn-sIm-´npw IY-I-kwKo-X-Øns‚ fn-°p-sa√mw {]Y-{]Y-ahpw {][m-- a-ÿm-Øp hmZhp-amb [¿Ωhpw w sNø-s∏-Sp∂CXp-X-s∂. Ωp hmZy-amWv sN≠.sS taf-]-©-hm-Zy- taf-]-©-ßfpw Xmb-º-I- hm-Zy-߃t]msebp- s a√mw Cu _rlØpw al-Iem- X - X z- Ø nv Øp- a mb hrµ-ASn- h - c - b n- S p- ∂ p. hmZyw Cu temItZh-Xm-ÿm Øv A]q¿∆-am-tb-ßfn¬ Ap- bp-≈q. Xmf-hm-Zy-jvTm]c- a m- b n- ߃ Hc¤p- X -Øp-Sßn anI-hp‰ kw-Ko-X -{]-]©wIem-hn-jv°m-c-ß- Xs∂-bmWvfmbn hnI- k n- X - Xr{]bm¿ GImZin krjv S n- ° p- ∂ XvambhbmWv ΩpsS hmZy-I-e-I-sf-√mw-X-s∂. k¿K-ssh-`-h-am¿∂ Xmf-hn-ym-k-߃sIm≠vsN≠, a±-fw, Xnan-e, CS-bv°, angm-hv, Ce-Øm-fw, Ah hnkvabm-hlamb _rl-Zvin-ev]߃ BcNn- - - - - -Ipdpw-Ip-g¬, sImºv, tNßn-e, iwJv, mK-kz-cw, °p-∂p. tIc-f-{]-Ir-Xn-bpsS emh-Wy-hmbv]pw EXp-XIn¬ F∂n-h-bm-Wt√m ΩpsS G‰hpw {][m- ]-cn-Wm-a-ß-fpsS Nmcp-X-bp-sa√mw ΩpsS taf-]-- ß - f mb t£{X- h m- Z y- ß ƒ. Ah- b n¬Øs∂ ©-hm-Zy-ß-fn¬ HØnWßn n¬°p-∂p. tafwsN≠sb∂ Ah-≤hmZyw khn-ti-jhpw kp{]- AXns‚ Xn-s∏´ thZn-I-fmb t£{X-Xncpap‰-ß-[m- - h p- a mb ÿmØp n¬°p- ∂ p. "Akp- c - fnepw S-h-gn-I-fnepw ]mS-ß-fnepw S-Øm-dp≈hmZysas∂ms° t]cp-s≠-¶nepw `mh-m-im-en- Fgp-s∂-≈n-∏p-Iƒ°-I-º-Sn-bmbnØs∂ I≠pw-Ifpw km[-I-kn-≤n-bm¿÷n®hcp-amb hmZ-I-cpsS tI´pw Ap-`-hn®dnb-Ww, Be-h´ sh¨Nm-acIc-ß-fn¬ sN≠ tZh-hm-Zy-ambn amdp-∂p. G‰hpw apØp-°p-SIfpw, Na-bßfpw-sIm≠v Aew-Ir-Xcmb - - - -mZ-kn-≤n-bp≈ Ah-≤hmZy-ß-fn-sem-∂mWv KP-ho-c-∑m¿ tIme-ßfpw, XnS-ºp-Ifpw hln®vsN≠. AXy¥w arZp-a-[p-c-ß-fmb n-Z-ßfpw AWn-n-c-°p∂ Zriy-s∏m-en-a, Xosh-´n-I-fpsS{]N- W v U - t Lm- c - ß - f mb mZ- ß fpw sN≠- A·n-÷zm-e-Iƒ krjvSn-°p∂ {]`m-]q-cw, ImWn-bn¬n∂p krjvSn-s®-Sp-°m-m-hpw. IY-I-fn-bnepw I-fpsS BÀm-Zm-ch߃, BIm-isam-cp-°p∂ oe- - - -Xmb-º-I-bnepw taf-ß-fnepw tIfn-bnepw a‰pw ta-em-∏v, Ch-sb√mw Bhm-ln®p ne-sIm-≈p∂ 31
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010{]Ir-Xn-bpsS emh-Wy-Zo-]vX-amb ]›m-Ø-ehpw; ¶nepw, Ah-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏-´p-Im-Wp-∂-Xv. Cu taf-Ch-sb√mw tN¿s∂m-cp-°p∂ Ac-ßnte taf-kzm- ßsf IqSmsX ]©m£cn, jUv°m-cn, hw,Zw ]q¿Æ-am-hp-I-bp-≈q. Iev ] w, ebw, {ipXn, {ioN- { Iw, Poh, an{iw, sN≠-hm-Z-sØ AXo-h-lr-Zyhpw a[p-c- in¶mcn XpS-ßnb taf-ßfpw Ah-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏-´n-]q¿W-hp-am-°p-∂Xv Dcp-´p-sN-≠-bpsS CSw-X-e- ´p-≠v. hfsc Ipd™ thf-I-fnse Ch-bn¬ an°-bn¬ S-Øp∂ khn-ti-jamb ssItIm¬ {]tbm- - hbpw Ah-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏-´n-´p-≈q.K-ß-fm-Wv. tImep-IƒsIm≠p≈ Dcp-´n-s°m-´v, Ipa-c-]pcw A∏p-am-cm¿ cq]w-sIm-Sp-Øn-´p≈Aap°n (A-S-®p) sIm´v, Xpd-∂-Sn, t¿tIm¬ "Iev]w F∂ tafw 52 A£-c-Im-e-Øn¬ XpSßnF∂n-h-bpw CSwssI D]-tbm-Kn®p (]-©m-cn-ta-f- 13 A£-c-Im-e-Øn¬ Ah-km-n-°p∂ aq∂p-Im-e-Ønepw Xmb-º-I-bnepw a‰pw) D≠m--°p∂ "W ß-fnembp-≈Xm-Wv. ]n.-F≥. ºq-Xn-cn-bmWv "an{i- -Imc "[nan Imc- ß fpw "Nm∏p "s]mØp tafØns‚ D]-PvRm-Xm-hv. 5 Ime-ß-fn-em-bp≈{]tbmKßfpw sN≠- b psS mZ- k n- ≤ n- t bbpw Cu tafw 112 A£-c-Im-e-Øn¬ XpSßn 7 A£-km[y-XItfbpw sXfn-bn-®p-Im-´p∂hbm-Wv. sN≠- - - c-Im-e-Øn¬ Ah-km-n-°pw-hn-[-amWn sNº-S,t°m-ens‚ khn-ti-jm-Ir-Xn-bmWv Dcp-´n-s°m- AS-¥ F∂o ssien-I-fpsS Hcp an{iWamWos´∂ AXn-a-tm-lc {]tbm-KsØ km[y-am-°n- taf-Øn¬. Xmb-º-I-bnse "Xcn-InS {]tbm-KhpwØo¿°p-∂Xv. taf-ß-fnse hnhn[ Ime-ßfpw an{i-ta-f-Øn¬ k∂n-th-in-∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂p. Icn-b-t¿tIm¬, X°n-´, Ipg-a-dn-b¬ XpS-ßnb L´- ∂q¿ mcm- b - W ≥ºq- X n- c nbpw a´- ∂ q¿ i¶-ßfpw, hnhn-[Xcw Iem-ißfpw, Ce-Øm-fØns‚ - - - c≥Ip´n- a m- c mcpw IqSn cq]w- s Im- S pØ "{ipXn-"Pn©nss© mZhpw, sImºp-Ip-g-ep-Iƒ {]Zmw tafØn¬ taf-hm-Zy-߃ Htc{ip-Xn-bn¬ sIm≠p-sNøp∂ khn-tij n-Z-ßfpw Ahsb AXoh h-cm-p≈ {ia-amWv S-Øn-b-Xv. F∂m¬ Ipdp-¶p-kzmZn- j v T - ß - f mb kwKoXhncp- ∂ p- I - f m- ° n- g-sem-gnsI taf-Ønse as‰mcp hmZyhpw {ipXn-Øo¿°p-∂p. s∏m-cpØw hcp-Øm≥ Ah¿°p km[n-®n-´n-√. khn- ]©m-cn, ]m≠n, sNº-S, AS-¥, Nº, A©- ti-j-amw-hn-[-Øn-ep≈ hmZ-I-∑m-cpsS Xp≈epwS-¥, {[phw F∂n-h-bmWv {][m--ambpw tIc-f- NmSepw AwK-hn-t£-]-ßfpw in¶m-cn-ta-f-Øns‚Ønse t£{X-ß-fn¬ hmZw sNø-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. Ah-X-cW thf-bn¬ Zriy-am-Wv. tLmj-bm-{X-Ah-bn¬Øs∂ ]©m-cn, ]m≠n, ]m≠n-s®-ºS Iƒ°pw a‰pw Cu tafw Bth-ihpw lchpwF∂n-h-sbm-gn-sI-bp≈ taf-߃ A]q¿hm-h-k-c- ¬Ip-∂-Xm-bn-ImWmw. ChnsS ]cm-a¿in-°mØß-fntem, Nne-bn-S-ß-fn¬ am{X-amtbm BWv Ah- ]e-ta-f-ßfpw ]e-Im-e-ß-fn¬ ]ecpw Ah-X-cn- ∏n-®n-´p-≠m-hmw. Aev]w hni-Z-ambn ChnsS Ah-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. AXn-m¬ Ahsb A]q¿∆- tem-Iw sNøm≥ t]mhp-∂Xv sNº-S, AS-¥,ta- f - ß - s ft∂m, {]Nm- c - e p- ] v X - ß - f mb taf- ß - Nº, A©-S-¥, {[phw F∂o taf-ß-sf-∏‰nbmWv.sft∂m hnti-jn-∏n-°m-dp-≠v. ]m≠nbpw ]©m- Ch-sb√mw c≠p-tIm-ep-I-fp-]-tbm-Kn-®p -sIm-´p-∂-cnbpw apdn-s®-º-Sbpw Am-bm-k-ambn Ah-X-cn- h-bm-Wv.∏n-°p-∂ a≤y-tI-c-f-Ønse hmZ-I-∑m¿ ]ecpw CuA]q¿∆-ta-f-߃ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn¬th≠{X sNº-S-tafwkm[-I-_ew tSmØhcm-Wv. Kpcp-hm-bq¿, sImSp- ]m≠n-ta-f-Øns‚ apt∂m-Sn-bmbns°m´p∂ß-√q¿, Xr{]-bm¿, tImgn-t°mSv Xfn, sIm√w ]m≠n-s®-ºS (I-eis®-ºS)bn¬n∂p hyXy-kvX- - - -]njm-cn-Im-hv, sNdp-Ip∂v A∂-]q¿tW-iz-cn, Xe- ambn 4 Ime-Im-e-ß-fn-embn sNº-S-tafw sIm´m-t»cn Xncp-h-ßmSv F∂o t£{X-ß-fnepw hSs° dp-≠v. 64 A£-c-Im-e-Øn¬ XpSßn 8 A£-c-Im-ae-_m-dnse a‰p Nne t£{X-ß-fnepw am{X-amWv e- Ø neh- k m- n- ° pw- h n- [ - a m- W n- X v . Kpcp- h m- b q¿,Cu taf-߃, Ch-bpsS kºq¿Æ cq]-ß-fnes√- tImgn-t°mSv Xfn F∂o t£{X-ß-fn¬ Ct∏mƒ 32
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010D’-h-th-f-I-fn¬ sNºS kºq¿Æ-ambn Ah-X- H∂pw c≠pw JWvU߃, 8 A£-cIm-eØn-ep≈ - - -cn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂p-≠v. kºq¿Æ-amb sNº-S-tafw Xmf-h-´-k-am]vXn ˛ F∂o-hn-[-amWv Xmf-hy-h-ÿ.sIm´n-{]-N-cn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn¬ ap≥ssI-sb-Sp-ØXn¬ c≠v DcpfptIm¬°-emi-ßfpw a‰p-I-em-i-ßfpw{]ap-J≥ s]cp-hw Ip´≥am-cm-cm-Wv. Ifw-]q-P, X°n-´, Ipg-adn-b¬ F∂o L´-ßfp-ap-≠v. 16 A£- - -X¿∏-Ww, Ieiw nd-bv°¬, Ie-im-`n-tjIw XpS- c- I m- e - Ø n- e p≈ Cu taf- Ø ns‚ aq∂mw- I m- e -ßnb Ap-jvTm-I¿Ωthf-Ifn¬ sNº-SXm-fØn- Ønse Hcp Xmf-h´Øn¬ 8 A£-cIm-e߃ hoX- - - - - - - - -emWv sN≠-hm-Z-w. Chsb "Ie-i-s®-ºS F∂p- ap≈ 2 JWvU-ß-fm-Wv. Cu Ime-Ønse BZy]-d-bm-dp-≠v. 16 A£-c-Im-e-Ønepw 8 A£-c-Im-e- aq∂p Iem-i-ßfpw Dcp-fp-tIm-em-bm-Wv. Xmgv∂-I-Øn-ep-ambn c≠p Ime-ß-fn-em-bmWv Cu hmZ-w. emiw 16 A£-c-Im-e-Øn-em-Wv. sNº-S-bpsS]m≠n-tafw XpS-ßp-∂-Xnp sXm´p-apºv an° -A- memw-Imew AXns‚ ASn-ÿm--Xm-f-amb 8h-k-c-ß-fnepw Cu taf-ap-≠m-hm-dp-≠v. sNº-S- A£-c-Im-e-Øn-em-Wv. A©Sn Hcphn®v, HcSn (Xp-sIm´n ip≤-am-°n- d-∂Sn) Hcpho®v,b-ti-j-amWv F∂-a-´n-emWv"Akp-ctafsa∂p - memw Ime-hnti- j - W - a p≈ Ønse Xmfw-]n-Sp-]m≠n-tafw Øw, ]m≠n-s®-º-sImt´-≠Xv F∂p S-bn-em-hs´ aq∂p]d-bm-dp-≠v. Aa-°¬ Hcpho®v,imt‡-b-ta-f- aq∂v Xpd- ∂ Snsa∂p Icp- X - s ∏- Hcpho®,v F∂Sp∂ ]m≠n-tafw coXn-bn-emWvimt‡- b - k m- ∂ n- Xmfw- ] n- S n- ° p- I .[y-ap≈ ÿe-ß- kºq¿Æ sNºSfn¬ ]m≠n-s®-º- taf-Ønse 4˛mwS-bn-√msX Xs∂- Ime- Ø nse 6 Kpcphmbq¿ D’hwsIm-´m-dp-≠v. A£-c-Im-ehpw 2kºq¿Æ-amb sNº-Sta-fØn¬ Ime-an-Sp-∂Xnepw A£-c-Im-e-hp-am-bp≈ khn-ti-j-amb Xmfw-]n- - - -Xmfw-]n-Sn-°p-∂-Xnepw PXn-Iƒ sIm´p-∂-Xnepw SpØw BI¿j-I-am-Wv. I¿Wm-S-kw-Ko-X-Øn¬]©m-cn-ta-f-k-{º-Zmbw Xs∂-bm-Wv. 64 A£-c- BZn-Xm-f-sa∂pw NXp-c-{i-Pm-Xn-{Xn-]p-S-Xm-f-sa∂pwIm-e-Øn-ep≈ H∂mw Ime-Øn¬ 32 A£-c-Im-e- hnh-£n-°-s∏-Sp∂ sNº-S-tafw ]q¿W-am-bn-sIm-Øn-ep≈ H∂mw JWvUhpw, 16 A£-c-Im-e-Øn- ´m≥ aq∂p-a-Wn-°q¿th-Ww. 1 1/2 aWn- ° q- d ns‚ep≈ c≠mw JWvUhpw, 16 A£-c-Im-e-Øn-ep≈ H∂mw Imew, 25 ann-‰p-ho-X-ap≈ c≠pw aq∂pwXmf-h´ kam-]vXn-J-WvU-hp-am-Wv. Hcp Xmf-h´w Ime-߃, 40 ann‰p hcp∂ memw, Imew F∂me-£-c-Im-e-Øn-ep≈ A¿≤-sN-º-S-h-´-ambn hn[-amhmw kab hyh-ÿ.apdn®v ASnbpw (A-a-°nbpw Xpd-∂pw) ho®p-am- AS-¥-tafwbmWv Xmfw ]nSn-°p-I. t¿tIm¬, X°n-´, Ipg-a-dn-b¬ F∂o L´-߃, Iem-i-߃ Ah-sb-Øp- 14 A£-c-Im-e-Øne[n-jvTn-X-amb JWvU-S¿∂p-h-cp∂ sImºp-hm-Zw Ch-sb√mw sNºS PmXn AS-Xm-f-Øn-ep≈ (A-S-¥-Xm-fw) taf-amWvH∂mw Ime-Øns‚ khn-ti-j-X-I-fm-Wv. sNºS AS-¥-ta-fw. c≠p- tIm-ep-I-fp-]-tbm-Kn®p sIm´m-c≠mw Ime-Ønse Xmf-h-´-߃°v bYm-{Iaw 16 dp≈ Cu tafw Ip´-s-√q¿ D’-h-tØm-S-p-_-‘n-A£-cImew 8 A£-c-Imew F∂n-h-bn-ep≈ ®p≈ ]qcw ]pd- ∏ m- S nv t£{X- Ø n- - I Øp 33
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010ssIbpw tImep-am-bmWv Ah-X-cn-∏n-°m-dp-≈-Xv. aq∂p JWvU-ß-fm-bmWv sIm´pI. 7 A£-c-Im-e-tXm¬∏-‰p≈ CSw-ssI-Iƒ sIm≠p≈ hmZ-- Øn-ep≈ memw Ime-Øn¬ Bcw-`n-°p-∂XpwØns‚ khn-tijam[pcyw ]©m-cn-ta-f-Øn¬ khn-tij coXn-bn-em-Wv. aq∂mw Ime-Ønsens∂-∂-t]mse Cu thf-bn¬ t{imXm-°ƒ°v Xmgv∂ Iemiw Xo¿∂m-ep-S≥ AXp-hsc sIm´n-Ap- ` - h - t h- Z y- a m- I p- ∂ p. 56 A£- c - I m- e - h-∂-Xns‚ Cc-´n-th-K-Øn¬ aq∂mw-Im-e-ØnpØn¬ØpSßn 7 A£-c-Im-e-Øn¬ kam-]n-°p∂ Xmfw-]n-Sn-°p∂ a´n-emWv memw Imew Bcw-`n-4 Ime-ß-fn-em-bp≈ AS-¥-ta-f-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm- °p-I. 7 A£-cIm-eØn¬ 28 ÿm-ßfn¬ H∂nS- - - --Xmfw hcp-∂Xv AXns‚ aq∂mw-Im-e-Øn-emWv. hn´p t¿tIm-embn ASn-®p-sIm-´p-I-bm-Wn-hn-sS.AS-¥-ta-fØns‚ BZy-L-´-Øn¬ sNº-S-h-´sØ Cu Ime-Øns‚ ]n∂o-Sp≈ L´-ß-fn¬ AS-¥-ASn-ÿm--am-°n-bp≈ Xmf-L-S--bm-Wv. A©v bpsS Xn-s∏-´-a-´n-emWv Xmfw-]n-Sn-°¬. 2 1/2A¿≤ sNº-S-h´w hoXw-h-cp∂ (20 A£-c-Imew A£-c-Im-e-Øn¬ Hcp bqn‰v, ]ns∂ 4 1/2 A£-hoXw) H∂mw JWvUhpw c≠mw JWvUhpw, c-Im-eØn¬ as‰mcp bqn‰v, Cß-s-bmWv memw -XpS¿∂p hcp∂ 16 A£-c-Im-e-Øn-ep≈ Xmf-h´ Ime-Ønse 7 A£-c-Imew sImt´-≠-Xv. Ipg-a-kam-]vXnbpw tN¿∂-XmWv Cu taf-Øns‚ H∂mw dn™ L´-Ønse Hmtcm bqn-‰n-tebpw BZy-ÿm-Ime Xmf-h-´w. JWvUm-h-km bqn-‰p-I-fnepw Øv Aa-°nbpw a‰p-ÿm-ßfn¬ Xpd∂pw Xmfw - -(A¿≤ sNº-S-h´ bqn-‰p-Iƒ) Xmf-h´ kam-]vXn- ]nSn-°-Ww. AS¥ memw Ime-Øn¬ mtembnepw Xpd-∂-Sn-bmbn´mWv Xmfw ]nSn-°¬. H∂pw At©m Dcp-fp-tIm¬ Iem-ißfp-≠m-hpw. a‰p Iem- - -c≠pw JWvU-ß-fnse BZy-A¿≤-sN-º-S-h-´-ß- i-ßfpw Hcp Iemiw Ign-™m¬ XpS¿∂p-h-cp∂fn¬ Aa°n (A-S-®v)bmWv Xmfw-]n-Sn-°¬. Ime- 4 Xmf-h-´-ß-fn¬ sImºq-X-Ww. Iem-i-ß-sf√mwan- S ¬, t¿tIm¬, X°n- ´ , Ipg- a - d n- ® p- s Im- ´ ¬ 7 A£-c-Im-e-ß-fn-em-hpw. Xmf-h-´-Øns‚ Ah-F∂nh H∂mw Ime-Ønse khn-ti-j-L-´-ß-fm- km-sØ ASn-bn¬ n∂m-cw-`n®v ASpØ Xmf-Wv. t¿tIm¬ L´-Øn¬ At©m Btdm Iem- h-´-Øns‚ Ah-km--Øn¬ sIm´n-Øo-cm≥ ]mI-i-ßfpw a‰p-L-´-ß-fn¬ mtem At©m Iem-i- Øn-emWv Iem-i-Øns‚ FÆ-߃. Bdp Xmf-ß-fp-amWv sIm´m-dp-≈-Xv. AS-¥-bpsS c≠mw h´w Ipºn´v i‡n-bmbn sIm´n Bdm-asØ Xmf-Imew 28 A£-c-Im-e-Øn-em-Wv. Cu Ime-Ønse h-´m-h-km--Øn¬ n∂mWv Xocp-I-emiw XpS-ßp-Hcp Xmf-h´Øn¬ 4 A£-cImew, 2 A£-cImew, - - - - I. Hcp kºq¿Æ-amb AS-¥-tafw Ah-X-cn-∏n-ho≠pw 4 A£- c - I mew F∂o 3 bqn- ‰ p- I ƒ °m≥ 3 aWn-°q¿ thWw. 1 1/2 aWn-°q¿ 1˛mw(10 A£-c-Im-ew) hoX-a-S-ßnb 2 JWvU-ßfpw, Imew, 25 ann‰phoX-ap≈ 2,3 Ime-߃, 40 ann-8 A£-c-Im-e-Øn-ep≈ Xmf-h-´-]-cn-k-am-]vXn-bp-a- ‰p≈ 4˛mw Imew, F∂ohn[-amhmw ka-b-{I-aw.S-ßn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. ChnsS BZysØ 2 bqn-‰p-Iƒ Nº-tafw:˛Aa-°nbpw Ah-km-sØ bqn‰v Xpd-∂-Sn-bp-am-Wv. Xmf-h-´-k-am-]vXnbpw Xpd-∂-Sn-bm-bmWv. Cu I¿Wm- S I kwKo- X - Ø nse Qw]- X mfwIme-Øn¬ BZy-c≠p-Iem-i߃ Dcp-fp-tIm-em-bm- - - - Xs∂-bmWv Nº-Xm-fw. "an{i-Pm-Xn-Qw]Xmf-am-Wv. Cu Iem-i߃°v CuSp-tIm-en-√. AS-¥bpsS - - Wn-Xv. 4 Ime-ß-fn-embn sIm´m-dp≈ Cu tafwASn-ÿm--Xmfw 14 A£-c-Im-e-Øn-ep≈ aq∂mw Nne-t∏mƒ A©p-Im-e-ß-fn-embpw Ah-X-cn-∏n-°m-Ime-Øn-emWv hcp-∂-Xv. meSn Hcpho-®v, meSn dp-≠v. 80 A£-c-Im-e-Øn¬ XpSßn memw Ime-Hcpho-®v, HcSn Hcpho-®v, HcSn Hcp ho®v (5+5+2+2) Øneh-km-n-°p∂ Nº-ta-f-Øn¬ 10 A£-c-Im-F∂n-ß-s-bm-Wv ChnsS Xmf-hn-ymkw. aq∂mw- e-amWv Ah-kmw hcn-I. 5˛mw Ime-Øn-emWvIm-e-Øn¬ aq∂v Dcp-fp-tIm¬ Iem-i-a-‰p-I-em-i-ß- Cu taf-Øns‚ ]cy-h-km--sa-¶n¬ 5 A£-c-Im-fp-ap-≠v. Ipg-a-dn-™-Im-e-Ønse 10-˛mw Iemiw e-amWv Ah-kmw ASn-ÿm--Xm-f-ambn hcp-∂-Xmgv∂ Iem-i-am-Wv. CXv khn-ti-j-co-Xn-bn¬ Xv. Nº-ta-f-Øns‚ BZy aq∂p-Im-e-ß-fn¬ sNº- 34
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 tafw sIm´p- t ºmƒ memw Ime- Ø n¬ 4 ASn 1 ho®v, 2 ASn 1 ho®v , 1 ASn 1 ho®v (4+1+2+1+1+1 = 10) F∂n- ß-s-bmWv Xmfw-]n-Sn- °¬. Cu tafw 5 Ime- ß- f n- e mbn sIm´p- tºmƒ 5 A£-c-Imew 4 ASn 1 ho®v F∂ coXn- bn- e mhpw Xmfw- ] n- S n- °¬. ChnsS ASn- I - sf√mw Xpd-∂Sn-Ifm-Wv. - - 5˛mw Ime-Øn¬ BZy- I-em-i-߃ 5˛Dw Dcp-fp- tIm-em-bn-´mWv hmZ-w. Bdp Xmf-h´w Ipºn´pS-a-´n-ep≈ Xmf-hn-ym-k-am-Wv. L´-ßfpw Iem-i- n∂v i‡n-bn¬ ASn-®p-sIm-´n-s°m-≠mWv Xocp-ßfpw sImºqXp∂ k{º-Zm-bhpw Ipg¬hm-Zhpw - I-em-iw. ]q¿W-am-sbmcp Nº-tafw 4 Ime-ß-fn-]©m-cn-ta-f-Øn-te-Xp-t]m-se-bm-Wv. H∂mw Ime- em-sW-¶n¬ 3 aWn-°qdpw, 5 Ime-ß-fn-em-sW-¶n¬Ønse Hcp Xmf-h-´-Øn¬ 32 A£-c-Im-e-Øn- 3 1/2 aWn- ° qdpw ka- b - s a- S p- ° pw. s]cp- h wep≈ H∂mw JWvUw, 16 A£-c-Im-e-߃ho-X- Ip´≥am-cm¿ Kpcp-hm-bq-cnepw tImgn-t°mSv Xfn-t£-ap≈ c≠pw aq∂pw JWvU-߃, 16 A£-c-Im-e- {X- Ø nepw Nº- t afw A©p Ime- ß - f n- e mbnØn-ep≈ Xmf-h-´-k-am]vXn F∂n-h-bm-Wp-≈-Xv. sIm´m-dp-≠v.40 A£-c-Im-e-Øn-ep≈ c≠mw Ime-Ønse Xmf- A©-S-¥-tafw :˛h- ´ - L - S 16 A£- c - I m- e - Ø n- e p≈ H∂mwJWvUw, 8 A£-c-Imew hoX-ap≈ c≠pw aq∂pw sNº-S-Xm-f-Øns‚ Xs∂ Hcp khn-tijJWvU-߃, 8 A£-c-Imew hcp-∂ Xmfh´- coXn-bn-ep≈ Bhn-jv°m-c-amWv A©-S¥ taf-k-am]vXn F∂n-h- tN¿∂Xm-Wv Nº-bpsS aq∂mw- Ønep≈-Xv. sNº-S-Xmfw CXn¬ AS-¥-a-´n¬ ]nSn-Im-e-Øns‚ 20 A£-c-Im-e-Xm-f-h-´-Øn¬ 8 A£- °p-I-bmWv sNøp-∂-sX∂p ]d-bm-dp-≠v. A©Snc-Im-e-Øn-ep≈ H∂mw JWvUhpw, 4 A£-c-Im- Hcpho®v A©Sn Hcp ho®v, HcSn Hcp ho®v, HcSne-Øn-ep≈ c≠mw JWvUhpw, 8 A£-c-Im-e-Øn- Hcp ho®v (5+1+5+1+1+1+1+1 = 16) F∂ hn[-amWvep≈ Xmf-h´ kam-]vXn-Iq-Sn-bmb aq∂mw JWvU- Cu taf-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm--Xm-fw. 64 A£-c-Im-e-hp-amWv AS-ßn-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. Nº-bpsS 10 A£- Øn¬ Bcw-`n-°p∂ 4 Ime-ß-fn-em-bp≈ Cu taf-c-Im-e-Øn-ep≈ 4˛mw Ime-Ønse Hcp Xmf-h´w Øns‚ 3˛mw Ime-Øn-em-Wv Cu ASn-ÿm Xmfw-me-£c Ime-Øn-ep≈ H∂mw JWvUhpw, c≠v h-cp-∂-Xv. H∂pw c≠pw Ime-ß-fnse Xmf-hy-hÿA£-c-Im-e-Øn-ep≈ c≠mw JWvUhpw, mev sNº-S-co-Xn-bn-em-sW-¶nepw, hnhn[ JWvU-ß-A£- c - I m- e - Ø n¬Øs∂bp≈ aq∂m- a sØ fpsS LS sNº-S-bn¬ n∂p hyXym-k-s∏-´m-JWvUhpw tN¿∂-XmWv. Nº-bpsS 2,3,4 Ime-ß- Wv. Cu taf-Øns‚ aq∂pw-mepw Ime-ßfn¬ AS- -fn¬ bYm-{Iaw c≠pw aq∂pw mepw Dcp-fp-tIm¬°- ¥-ta-f-Øn¬ Xmfw-]n-Sn-°p-∂-Xnp kZr-i-amw-em-i-ß-fm-Wp-≈-Xv. mep-Im-e-ß-fn-embn Nº- hn[amWv Xmf-hn-ym-kw. A©-S¥ taf-Øns‚ 35
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010H∂mw Ime-Ønse Xmf-h´ hyh-ÿ-bnse H∂pw Wv. mev Dcpfp tIm¬°-em-i-ßfpw a‰p-I-em-i-c≠pw JWvU-߃ 3 apgp-s®-ºSh´ bqn-‰p-Iƒ ß-fp-ap-≠n-hn-sS. mep Xmf-h´w Ipºn´p L-(24 A£c-Imew hoXw) Dƒs°m-≈p-∂-Xm-Wv. Øn¬ sIm´n-bn-´mWv Xocp-I-em-iw. A©-S-¥-tafwXpS¿∂v 16 A£- c - I m- e - Ø n- e p≈ Xmf- h ´ AXns‚ kºq¿Æ-X-tbmsS sIm´m≥ 3 aWn-°q-kam]vXn F∂n-hbpw Dƒs°m-≈p-∂p. CXn¬ sd-¶nepw thWw.BZysØ 2 1/2 sNº-S-h´w (20 A£-c-Im-ew) {[phw-tafwAS®pw, Ah-km-sØ 1/2 sNº-S-h´w Xpd∂pw 14 A£-c-Imew ASn-ÿm--am-bp≈ {[phwXmfw-]n-Sn-°p-∂p. Ime-an-S¬, t¿tIm¬ X°n-´, tafw (N-Xp-c-{i-PmXn{[ph-Xm-fw) aq∂p Ime-ß-fn-Ipg-a-dn-b¬ F∂o L´-ßfpw Cu taf-Øn-ep-≠v. em- b m- W v . A£- c - I m- e - ° - W - ° n¬ AS- ¥ - t a- f -A©- S - ¥ - b psS c≠mw Ime- Ø n¬ 1 1/2 Ønse BZy-aq∂p Ime-ß-fnteXp-t]msebmWvsNºSh´w (12 A£-c-Im-ew) hoX-ap≈ 2 JWvU- {[phw taf-Ønse BZy-aq∂p Ime-ßfpw. F∂m¬ßƒ, 8 A£-c-Im-e-Øn-ep≈ Xmf-h´ kam]vXn PXn-Iƒ sIm´p-∂-Xnepw, Xmfw ]nSn-°p-∂-Xnepw,JWvUw F∂n-h-bp-≠v. H∂pw c≠pw JWvU-ß- c≠p taf-ßfpw hyXy-kvX-X-Iƒ ]pe¿Øp-∂p.fpsS Ah-km bqn-‰p-I-fnepw (4 A£-c-Imew {[phw taf-Øns‚ ]Xn-Imew 56 A£-c-Im-e-Øn-hoX-ap-≈-Xv), Xmf-h-´-k-am-]vXn-bnepw, Xpd-∂-Sn-I- em-Wv. 4 A£-c-Imew hoX-ap≈ 6 bqn-‰p-Iƒ (24fm-Wv. c≠v Dcp-fp-tIm¬°-em-i-ß-fmWv c≠mw A£- c - I mew ˛ aq∂p sNº- S - h - ´ w) AS- ß nbIme-Øn¬. A©-S-¥-bpsS ASn-ÿm--Xmfw (16 H∂mw JWvUw, me-£-c-Im-e-Øn-ep≈ 4 bqn-A£-c-Im-ew) hcp∂ aq∂mw-Im-e-Øn¬ AS¥ ‰p-Iƒ (c≠p sNº-S-h-´w) hcp∂ c≠mw JWvUw,coXn- b n- e m- W v Xmfw ]nSn- ° ¬. H∂pw c≠pw 16 A£-c-Im-e-Øn-ep≈ Xmf-h´ kam]vXn, F∂n-JWvU-߃ 6 A£-c-Im-e-Øn¬ Hcp ho®v, mev h-b-S-ßn-b-XmWv Cu Ime-Øns‚ Hcp Xmf-h-´w.Aa-°¬, Hcp Xpd-∂Sn F∂o hn[-am-Wv. aq∂mw Ime-an-S¬, t¿tIm¬, X°n-´, Ipg-a-dn-b¬ Ch-Ime-Øn¬ aq∂p Dcp-fp-tIm¬°-em-ißfm-Wv. Ipg- - - sb-√m-ap-≠n-hnsS. 28 A£-c-Im-e-Øn-ep≈ {[ph-a-dn™ Ime-Ønse Ah-km Iemiw 16 A£c Øns‚ c≠mw Ime-Ønse Hcp Xmf-h-´-Øn¬ 4Ime-Øn-em-Wv (Xm-gv∂Iem-iw). A©-S¥ memw - - A£-c-Im-ew-ho-X-ap≈ aq∂p bqn-‰p-Iƒ (1 1/2Imew (8 A£- c - I m- e w) XpS- ß p- ∂ - X v AS¥ sNº-S-h-´w) AS-ßnb H∂mw JWvU-am-Wv. c≠pwmemw Imew Bcw-`n-°pw-hn-[-am-Wv. aq∂mw Ime- aq∂pw JWvU-ß-fm-hs´, me-£-c-Imew hoX-Øn¬ AtX-hsc sIm´n-h-∂-Xns‚ Cc-´n-th-K- ap≈ c≠v bqn-‰p-Iƒ AS-ßn-bXpw (Hcp sNº-S-Øn¬ Xmfw-]n-Sn-®p-sIm-´p∂ coXn-bm-WXv. 8 A£- - h-´w) aq∂mw JWvUw 8 A£-cIm-eØn-ep≈ Xmf- - -c-Im-e-Øn¬ 32 ÿm-ß-fn¬ H∂nS-hn´p ASn- h´ kam-]vXn-bp-am-Wv. H∂pw c≠pw JWvU-ß-hogpw hn[-amWo hmZ-w. BZy Xmf-h´Øn¬ am{X- - - fnse Ah-km bqn-‰p-I-fnepw, aq∂mw JWvUwamWv CucoXnbn-ep≈ hmZ-w. XpS¿∂v aq∂v DS-o-fhpw Xpd∂p Xmfw-]n-Sn-°-em-Wv. c≠p DcpfpA£-c-Im-e-Øn¬ Hcp JWvUw, A©v A£-c- tIm¬°- e m- i - ß - f p- ≠ o- I m- e - Ø n¬. Xmgv ∂Im-e-Øn¬ ASpØ JWvUw, F∂ Xmf-hy-h-ÿ- Iemiw 16 A£c Ime-Øn¬Ø-s∂-bm-Wv. {[phwbn-emWv sIm´p-h-cp-∂-Xv. Bcw-`-L-´-Øn¬ Hmtcm taf-Øns‚ Ah-km--Imew (aq∂mw Imew) 14JWvU-Øn-tebpw BZysØ ASn Aa-°nbpw A£c Ime- Ø n- e m- W v . aq∂mw Ime- Ø ns‚_m°n-sb√mw Xpd-∂-Sn-®p-amWv sIm´¬. Ipg-a-dn- Bcw`w khn-ti-j-amb coXn-bn-em-Wv. Ime-an-Sp∂™p≈ Xmfw ]nSn-°¬ Xpd-∂-Sn-bm-bm-Wv. Iem- coXn-bn¬ "UnwW-UnwW F∂v H∂nS-hn-´-ÿm--i-sØ-Øp-S¿∂v CS-bvs°mcp Xmf-h´w AS®pw ß- f n¬ ASn®p sIm´n- s °m- ≠ mWv Cu Ime-Xpd-∂p-ambn Xmfw ]nSn-°p-∂Xv A©-S¥ memw Øns‚ BZy-Xm-f-h-´m-h-X-c-Ww. 6 A£-c-Im-e-Øn-Ime-Øns‚ Xna FSp-Øp-Im-´m≥ klm-b-I-am- ep≈ H∂mw JWvUw, 4 A£-c-Ime hoX-ap≈ 36
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010c≠pw aq∂pw JWvU߃, F∂n-ßs-bmWv Xmf- - - Ap-]m-Xam-hmw. {]Nm-cep-]vXßfmb taf-ßfn¬ - - - - -h-´LS. H∂mw JWvUw 5 ASn 1 ho®v, c≠mw - - - ASpØ Ime-Ømbn {]Nmcw IqSn-hcp∂ H∂mWv -JWvUw aq∂v Aa-°¬ Hcp ho®v, aq∂mw JWvUw {[phw.aq∂p Xpd-∂Sn Hcp ho®v F∂o- hn-[Øn-emWv Xmfw - ]©mcntaf-Øns‚ am[p-cytam, ]m≠n taf-]nSn-°¬. Cu Ime-Øn¬ 3 Dcp-fp-tIm¬°-em-i- Øns‚ Kmw`o- c ytam, Cu A]q¿∆ taf-ßfpw, 6 CS-°em-ißfpw, Ipg-adn™ L´-Øn¬ - - - ߃s°m∂pw, Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sm-m-hn-s√-¶nepw,]{¥-t≠mfw Iem-ißfpw FSp-°m-dp≠v. ChnsS - hmZsshhn-[y-Øn¬ n∂p -e-`n-°p∂ {ihWDcp-fp-tIm¬°-em-i߃°v CuSp-tIm-en-√. F√m - am[p-cyhpw A]q¿hm-p-`q-Xnbpw {]Zmw sNøm≥Iem-i-ßfpw 8 A£-c-Im-e-Øn-em-Wv. Ipg-a-dn- Cu taf-߃°p km[n-°pw. AXn-m¬ Cu taf-™m¬ Xpd-∂Sn®p Xmfw-]n-Sn-°Ww. XnI™ Hcp - - ߃°v hwi-miw h∂p-t]m-hmsX kwc-£n-{[phw-tafw 2˛Hm 2 1/4 aWn-°qtdm ka-bsa-Sp-°pw. °mpw Ah-bpsS {]Nmcw h¿≤n-∏n-°p-hmpw,50 ann-‰p-hcp∂ ]Xn-Imew, 30 ann-‰n-ep≈ c≠mw- - hmZ-Icpw {]am-W-°mcpw Iem-`n-⁄cpw BthmfwImew, 40 ann-t‰mfw hcp∂ aq∂mw-Imew F∂ ]cn-{i-an-t°≠XmWv. sI.-hn. cmP-tKm-]m-e≥InSmhv :˛ hmZy-ta-f-I-e-I-fpsS ncq-]-I≥. nc-h[n ]pkvX-I-ßfpw, teJ--ßfpw {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®n-´p-≠v. tImgn-t°mSv Kh. B¿Svkv tImtfPnse Cw•ojv hn`m-K-Øn¬ A[ym- ]-I-m-bn-cp-∂p. mqbªcXiä oeãkav MjCcÖh¥! ImWn°bnS¬ {][mw SnâebqóbgX ckjbfäTgofbmX ceùlceCx lecjXkgä~j ùMrOqîMem£ebfsv jeùlfãfw aìùlèfvg hgJaèsTBgÿgúfTgÿlx. DnRejYtóflveã ipbr- jszÜ cgkäfw beoõaIeó~ägsë Dkêëfaãesë SBgÿgúgÿ Yibevx keCf- Tãqh¥fTgÿlx GÑfóxë kejõmeíõèfvx Gèccsùl. SBgÿúfh¥x aìùlèfv- kèx ùhabMfTgaêeW Y©pv~WTx keCfTãqh¥fTgbevgú mdkjõX Gçe- ãfjfTgÿleCx. mqbªenRejYtóflveãf SBgÿúgÿ Yibesv kQkgäfqsT oqMfòª x keCfTãqh¥ f òª x mdYeiõX avëgbez Y©pv~WTx bqóèfsnejg ùhebMõX ceùlX kfögÿ DbmjceCflx. ckjbfäTx ofbmX ùMrOqîMem£ebfvx vfabofòª Dh¥X, DjbC, iChlfTx vfabofòª aceokX Sÿfb kdçJfw vfÿgX nYfTgÿleCx. 37
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 taf-Øns‚ q‰m-≠p-Iƒ v sI.-kn. mcm-b-W≥ v i_vZØns‚ Ncn{Xw Fgp-Xm≥ Ign-bptam ®p-h-Sp-IfpwsIm≠p- n-d™pIhn-bp∂hbmWvap°v? At±-l-Øns‚ IrXn-Iƒ. sIm´mpw ]mSmpw Ign- t ™- ° pw. B i_v Z w tcJ- I - f mbn Xp≈mpw ]‰nb ]e FÆ-ßfpw At±lw kpe-kq£n-®Xv ΩpsS ap∂nep-s≠-¶n¬. `-ambn hmcn-hn-X-dn-bn-´p-≠v. AXns‚ Iq´-Øn¬ "]m≠n-ta-f-ap-cp´p sN≠ F∂v taf-ß-sf-∏-‰nbpw F∂m¬ i_vZ-ßsf Aßs Bte-Jw kqNn-∏n-°p-∂-Xp-Im-Wmw. 1750 ImeØv Aº-e-∏p-sNbvXp kq£n-°p∂ kmt¶-Xn-I-hn-Zy Ccp-]Xmw g-bnepw Xncp-h--¥-]p-c-Øp-ambn Pohn® H‰∏m-q‰m-≠n-p-apºv tIc-f-Øn¬ ssIh∂p Ign-™n- eØpImc-m-bn-cp∂p Ip©≥ ºym¿. ºym-cpsScp-∂n-√. AXn-m¬ Ccp-]Xmw q‰m-≠n-p-ap-ºv tIc- Cu ]cm-a¿iw FXn-cn-√mØhn[w ÿm]n-°p-∂Xvf-Øn¬ ]mSn-t∏m∂ ]m´p-I-fp-sStbm, sIm´nb ]Xn-s´mw iX-Iam-hp-tºm-tg°pw taf-Ie, {]tXy- - - FÆ-ß-fp-sS-tbm, kzcq]w n›-bn-°phmp≈ In®p ]m≠n-tafw, tIc-f-Øn¬ hf¿®-ap‰n {]Nm- Hcp hgnbpw ΩpsS ap∂n¬ c-am¿÷n-®p-I-gn-™n-cp∂p F∂m-Wv. Ah-ti-jn-®n-´n-√. taf-sØ-∏‰n am{X-a√ ºym¿ ]d-bp-∂-Xv. At∏mƒ AXnpw "Dcp-´p-sN≠ F∂-hm-°n-eqsS, AXp-sIm-´p∂ khn- Hcp c≠p q‰m- s ≠- ti-j-amb coXnsb°pdn-®p-Iq-Sn-bmWv. tafw tIc- ¶nepw apºv cq]w f-Øn¬ am{Xw ImWp∂ hmZy-Iem-cq-]am-sW-¶n¬, - - sIm≠ sN≠-ta-f- "Dcp-´n-s°m-´pI F∂ coXn tIc-f-Øn¬ am{Xw ß-fpsS Ncn{Xw ImWp∂ hmZ--coXnbp-am-Wv. {UΩnwKv a‰p mSp- Fß-s-bm-Wv, I-fnepw D≠v. B{^n-°-bn¬ {UΩnw-Knse Hmtcm GXp tcJ- I - i_v Z hpw `mj- b nse Hmtcm hm°p- t ]mse sf Ah-ew-_n- {]h¿Øn®v Fßs Bi-b- hn-n-a-b-Øn-p≈ ®mWv ap°v Hcp kt¶-X-ambnØocp∂p F∂-dn-bm≥ AeIvkv cNn-°m-m-hp-I? slbven Fgp-Xnb "Roots F∂ tmh-ens‚ BZy- Hcph- g n Xmf- ß - `mKw hmbn-®m¬ am{Xw -a-Xn. F∂m¬ Ahn-S-ß-sfbpw, hmZy-ß-sf-bpw, hmZ--co-Xn-sbbpw Ipdn®v fn-se√mw {UΩnw-Kn¬ hmZy-ß-fpsS N¿Ω-X-e-Bsc-¶nepw FgpXnsh®n-´pt≠m F∂p-]-cn-tim- Ønp ew_-am-bn-´mWv tIm¬ hogp-∂-Xv. tIc-f-[n-°p-I-bm-Wv. Xß-fpsS ImesØ hmZy-I-e-sb- Ønse {UΩnw- K n¬ am{X- a mWv ew_- a mb°p-dn®v GsX-¶nepw Ihn ]cm-a¿in-°p-Itbm hnh- t¿tImen-p-]p-dsa tIm¬ AI-tØ°pw ]pd-cn-°p-Itbm sNbvXn-´p-s≠-¶n¬ Ahsb ap°v tØ°pw adn-bp∂ "Dcp-fp-tIm¬IqSn D≈-Xv. tIc-hmZy-I-e-bpsS Ncn{Xw cNn-°m-p≈ D]m-Z--ambn f-Ønse hmZ--I-e-bpsS G‰hpw henb khn-ti-kzoI-cn-°mw. jX sN≠-bnse Cu Dcp-fp-tIm¬ BsW∂p ]d- Aßs Bsc-¶nepw Dt≠m? Atz-jn-®- bmw. Dcp-´n-s°m-´mpw Xmfw-]n-Sn-°mpap≈ Dcp-tz-jn®p mw H∂p c≠p q‰m-≠p- ]n-t∂m´p sN√p- ´p-sN-≠-bp-sSbpw ho°≥ sN≠-bp-sSbpw i_vZ-tºmƒ sN∂p n¬°pI Ip©≥ ºym-cn-em-Wv. ta-f--amWv taf-I-e-bpsS Poh≥. Ip©≥ºym-Xmf-ßfpw, hmZy-ß-fpw, hmbvØm-cn-Ifpw rØ- cpsS hcn-bn¬ ImWp∂ Dcp-´p-sN≠ taf-Øns‚ 38
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010Poh-m-Wv. ∂n-s‚bpw AI-º-Sn-b√ Hcp taf-Ønse sIm´v. ]©mcntaf-sØ-∏‰n CØcw enJnX kqN- AXv kzbw kqN-Ihpw, kzbw ]q¿Æ-hp-amb-Iƒ H∂pw C-√. F∂m¬ s]cp-hw {Kma-Øp- sIm´p-am-{X-am-Wv. a‰n-S-ß-fn¬ kwKo-X-Ønv D]-Im-cmWv AXns Nn´-s∏-SpØn kzcq-]n-®-Xv F∂ tbm-Kn-°p∂ Ipg¬t]mepw taf-Øns‚ sIm´ns‚sFXnlyw sX°≥ ae-_m-dn¬ [mcm-f-ambn tI´n- i_vZ-Ønv angnhpw apgp∏pw D≠m-°mmWv Dt±- ´p-≠v. Nºq-Im- in- ° - s ∏- ´ n- ´ p- ≈ - X v . arZwKw Xan- g v m- ´ n- e p≠v , c-mb ag-aw-K- F∂m¬ A≥]tXm Adp-]tXm arZw-K-߃ am{Xw eØp ºq- Iq´n-t®¿Øp-sIm-≠v, Xpd- m-b]dºn¬ Hcp henb - - - Xncn s]cp- tafw Xan-gvm-´n¬ k¶¬∏n-°-s∏-´n-´n-√. tIc-f- h- Ø p- I m- c - Øn¬ Aß-s-sbm∂v k¶¬∏n-®Xpw bmYm¿Yy- mbncps∂∂pw, am-°n-b-Xp-amWv taf-߃. A t ± - l - mtem At©m q‰m-≠p-I-fn-eqsS Cß-s- Øns‚ Ime- sbmcp khn-tij hmZy-Ie tIc-f-Øn¬ am{Xw ØmWv ]©m- hf¿∂p-h-cm≥ D≠mb ImcWw F¥m-bn-cn°mw? cn- t a- f - Ø nv Hcp ImcWw Fn°p tXm∂p-∂p, sIm´m≥ Ht∂mXpS°w Ipdn-®-sX∂pw ]d-™p-tI-´n-´p-≠v. sFXn- ct≠m PmXnIƒXs∂ ChnsS D≠mbnsb∂Xm-ly-ß-fn¬ ]mXn-bn-tesd Ahy-‡Xbpw, Ipd-®p- Wv. amcmcpw s]mXp-hmfpw sIm´p-IpesØmgn-em-`mKw AXn-i-tbm-‡nbpw sNdn-sbm-cp-`mKw tcpw °nbhcm-W-t√m?. PmXoIcWw sIm≠p-≠mbD≠m-bn-cn-°pw. ]Xn-mtdm ]Xn-ttgm iX-I-ß- Hcp ^ew kz¥w sXmgn-en¬ am{Xw {i≤n®pw,fn¬ Pohn® Ihn-bm-bn-cp∂p agawK-ew. F¶n¬ AXnse ssh`hw ASpØ Xe-ap-dbv°p ]I¿∂pwB Ime-tØm-Sp-IqSn ]©mcntafhpw tIc-f-Øn¬ Hcp sXmgn¬ ]mc-ºcyw XpS¿∂p F∂-Xm-Wv.cq]w-sIm≠p F∂p-I-cp-Xmw. sIm´p∂ c≠p- Ip-e-߃ ne-n¬°p-Ibpw, Ah- Ip©≥ºym¿ tI´ ]m≠n-ta-fhpw ag-aw- cpsS D]- P o- h wKewtI´ ]©m-cn-ta-fhpw C∂sØ ]m≠nbpw a‰p-hn-[-Øn¬]©m-cnbpw Bbn-cp-∂pthm? n›-b-an-√. Hcp kwc- £ n- ° - s ∏- S p-]t£ C∂sØ taf-ß-fpsS BZy-cq-]-߃ Bbn- Ibpw sNbvX-cn-°pw Ah. q‰m-≠p-I-fn-eqsS hf¿∂v, IqSpX¬ t∏mƒ, sIms´m-IqSp- X ¬ "tkm^n- à n- t °- j ≥ B¿÷n®v gn®p as‰m-∂n-s-∏-C∂sØ cq]-Øn-se-Øn-b-h-bmWv B taf-ß-sf- ‰nbpw Nn¥n-√mw. C∂v taf-ß-fpsS FÆw h¿≤n-®n-cn-°p-∂p. t°≠Xn√mØG‰hpw ]pXn-bXpw rØ-sØbpw sIm´n-sbpw Ah¿, B Iesbka-z-bn-∏n-°p-∂-Xp-amb in¶m-cn-tafw hsc FØn- apt∂m´p sIm≠p-n¬°p∂p B taf-ssh-hn-[yw. t]m-bn. tIc- f - Ø n¬ am{X- a p- ≈ Xv F∂v Cu c≠m-asØ Imc-Ww, B sIm´p-Im¿ Xß-tafsshhn-[y-sØ-∏‰n ]d-bmw. C¥y-bntem, a‰n- fpsS Ip-e-hrØn ]cn-io-e--Øn-S-bn¬ D≠m-°nbS-ßfn-tem, hmZy-߃ am{Xw nc-Øn-s°m-≠v, ]m´n- - Hcp kmt¶-XnI apt∂‰amWv. tcsØ ]d™√m-sX, aqt∂m mtem aWn-°q¿ o≠p-n¬°p∂ "Dcp-fpssI BW-Xv. t¿tIm-ens‚ Ie-bn¬Hcp sIm´p-I-t®-cnmw tIƒ°p-I-bn-√. sIm´p-X- n∂v F{Xtbm henb apt∂m-´p-t]m-°mbn "Dcp-s∂bpw a‰n- S - ß - f n¬ ]m´n- s ‚tbm rØ- Ø n- fpssI? Dcp-fpssI Is≠-Øn-bn-√m-bn-cp-s∂-¶n¬s‚tbm Ap-_-‘-߃ BWv. F∂m¬ bmsXm- C∂p mw tIƒ°p∂ tIfntbm Xmb-º-I-tbm, 39
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 IY- I - f n- s °m- s∏-´p-t]m∂ taf-Iesb sh√p-hn-fn-®p-sIm≠v Zen- - t´m, taf- ß - Xcpw kz¥w Iesb apt∂m-´p-sIm-≠p-h∂n-cn-°p- - fnse apdp-Inb ∂p. ]pcp-js‚ Ie-sb∂p Icp-Xs∏-Sp∂ taf-߃ - Ime-ßtfm kv{XoIfpw sIm´n-Øp-Sßn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. - D≠m-Ip-am-bn-cp- kv{XoIƒ am{Xw ]¶m-fn-I-fmb ˛ AXn-te- ∂n-√. sdbpw ZenXv kv{XoIƒ ˛ Hcp in¶mcn taf kwL- Aßs ap-≠v tIm´-b-Øv. ¢mkn-°¬ taf-I-e-bpsS `mK- sIm´p-hm≥ am-bn-cp∂ kh¿W-X, ]pcp-j≥ F∂n-h-sb√mw Cu PmXnbpw, t`Zn- ° p∂ Cu ZenXv kv { Xotaf kwLsØAh¿ sIm´n¬ hcp-Ønb Hcp kmt¶-XnI apt∂- °pdn®v ]Tn- ° m≥ Ata- c n- ° - b nse tacn- e m‚ v‰hpw ˛ a‰p hm°p-Ifn¬ ]d-™m¬ `uXnI kml- - k¿∆-I-em-im-e-bn¬ n∂v Hcp Kth-jI FØn-N-cyhpw ap-jys‚ k¿Km-flIXbpw ˛ tIc-fØn¬ - - - bn-cp-∂p. Ah¿ h∂p Hcp sIm√w Xma-kn®p sIm´p-Hcp {]tXyI Ncn{X kµ¿`Øn¬ Hcpan®ph∂p ]-Tn-®p. Cu kwL-tØm-sSm∏w sIm´n--S∂ IΩyq-F∂Xm-Wv a‰n-Sßfn¬ C√m-Øhn[w tIc-fØn¬ - - - - Wn-Ãp-Im-cpsS Hcp tLmj-bm-{X-bpsS `mK-am-bp-hmZy-Ie hnI-kn-®Xns‚ ]›m-Øew. - - ≠m-bn-cp∂ in¶m-cn-ta-f-Øn¬ I≠Xv, B Ata- C∂sØ tIc-f-Øn¬ PmXo-I-c-W-Øns‚ cn-°≥ kv{Xobpw a‰p kv{Xota-f-°m-tcm-sSm∏wCu ]›m-Øew A{]-Xy-£-am-hm≥ XpS-ßn-bn-´p- sIm´n-ØpSßp-∂-Xm-bn-cp-∂p.≠v. sIm´p∂hcpsS Ipe-Øn¬ ]nd-t°≠Xn-√ tm°p-I; IΩyq-Wn-kw, Ata-cn-°, tIcfwCs∂m-cmƒ°v sIm´p-Im-c-m-hm≥ F∂v kZw ]pcp-j≥, kh¿W-X, kv{Xo, Zen-Xv-˛-Hm¿°m-hp∂hmkp-tZ-hpw Iem-a-WvUew tIi-hpw sXfn- F√m hn]-co-X-ß-fpw -IqSn°e-cp∂ Hcp kµ¿`w.bn-°p-∂p-≠.v am[-hhm-cn-bcpw, sh¶n-®≥ kzmanbpw, - Ip©≥ºym-cpsS Xp≈-en¬ I≠ taf- B IeNme-°pSn ºo-ipw AXp-t-csØ sXfn-bn-®n- ChnsS SptdmUnse kv{XoØp-≈-en¬ hsc´p-≠v. "Db¿∂ PmXn-°m-cptSXmbn k¶¬∏n-°- FØn-bn-cn-°p-∂p.sI.-kn. mcm-b-W≥ :˛ taf-I-e-sb-°p-dn®v kmam-y-P--߃°v a- n-em-hp∂ coXn-bn¬ hnhcWw sNøm≥ {]K-¤≥aem-bf atm-ca `mjm-t]m-jn-Wn-bpsS ]{Xm-[n-]¿. lecjXkgä~j aìùl hgvjgíejC ùhbqèv~äfw mqbªeÎve mukjfTgk t£{X ho-I-cW b⁄ ]¶m-fnØ ^e-{ipXn t£{X n¿ΩmW {]h¿Ø--ß-fn¬ [-k-a¿∏Ww S-Øn-bm¬ Ign™ Ggv P∑-ß-fn-tebpw hcp∂ Ggp-P-∑-ß-fn-tebpw ]m]w C√m- Xm-Ip-sa∂v sshjvWh kwln-X-Iƒ ]d-bp-∂p. 40
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 sN≠-ta-f߃ - v Xr°m-ºpdw IrjvW≥Ip´n amcm¿ v sN≠-ta-fßfn¬ kmXzn-Ihpw cmP-khp-amb - - - Øn--p-kr-X-ambn tafw Iem-in-°p-∂Xv t{imXm-kz`mhw {ihn-°p-hm≥ km[n-°pw. Iøpw tImep- °-fn¬ Hcp Iem-iw-IqSn BIm-am-bn-cp-s∂∂pambn sIm´p∂ taf- ß ƒ kmXzn- I - h pw, c≠p tXm∂n-bv°p∂ L´-Øn-em-h-Ww. A√msX {Iam-Iønepw tImep-sIm≠p sIm´p∂ taf-߃ cmP- Xo-X-ambn apdp-Ip-∂Xv taf-Øn-s‚bpw ]©-hm-Zy-k-hp-ambn thWw IW-°m-°m≥. taf-߃ aq∂p Øn-s‚bpw Xmb-º-I-bp-sSbpw Bkzm-Zy-Xbv°pw]mf-ßfn¬°qSn HmSp∂ h≠n-IfmWv. Xmfw, Ime- - - Na-XvIm-c-Ønpw £Xw X´p-sa-∂Xpw {]tXyIw{]-amWw, Ime-n¿Wbw Ch-bs{X B {Xn-X-bw. {i≤n-t°-≠-Xm-Wv. km[m-cW nebv°v ssk≤m-Hcp tafw F{X-k- ¥n- I - a mbn ]d-a-bw-sIm≠v Ign- ™m¬ ]©mcnbpw, Ign- b Ww amXr- I - b n- e p≈F∂v taf- { ]- a m- taf-ß-fpsSWn°v t_m[- a p- Hmtcm Imehpw≠ m - h - W w . XpS- ß nb Ime-Aßns Hcp Øns‚ Cc- ´ n-[mc-Wtbm-Sp-IqSn - tbmfw apdp- I n-tafw XpS- ß n- bm¬ Iem- i n- ° -bm¬ CSbv°p Ww. As√- ¶ n¬sh®v AXn¬ ASpØ Ime-am‰w hcp-Øp-∂Xv Øns‚ hnfw- _ -Atcm-N-Ihpw L´w sXm´p ap≥kn≤m¥ hntcm-[-hp-am-Wv. A{]-Imcw n¿±n-jvS- ]sØ Ime-Øns‚ hnfw-_-L-´-hp-ambn s]mcp-Ø-ImessZ¿LysØ ka- b - _ - ‘ n- X - a mb Ime- s∏-Sp-I-bp-an-√. Cu Akz-ckw hcm-Xn-cn-°p-hm≥ssZ¿LysØ Dƒs°m-≈-Ø-°-hn[w Bcw-`n-°p- Iem-Im-c-∑m¿ {]tXyIw {i≤n-t°-≠-Xm-Wv.∂- X ns Ime- { ]- a mWw F∂p hyh- l - c n- ° mw. sN≠ taf-ßfn¬ ]©m-cn, ]m≠n, AS-¥, -hyXy-kvX-ssi-en-bmWv ]m≠n°pw ]©m-cn-a-´n- A©-S-¥, Nº, sNº-S, {[phw Ch-bmWv C∂vep≈ taf- ß ƒ°pw. ]m≠n- b n¬ Hmtcm L´- ne-hn-ep-≈Xv. Cu taf-߃s°√mw hmZn-°p∂ -Ønte°pw tafw ]ptcm-K-an-°p-tºmgpw, ]©mcn (hm-bn-°p-∂) D]-IcW߃ H∂pX-s∂. Dcp-´p-sN- - - -coXn-bn¬ Hmtcm Imew amdp-tºmgpw, hcp-tØ≠ ≠, he-¥e, Ce-Øm-fw, Ipdp-¶p-g¬, sImºv F∂n- -am‰-ßsf Ime-n¿Wbw F∂p hnh-£n-°mw. taf- h-bmWv hmtZym-]IcW߃. CXn¬ ]©m-cn-ta-f- - - - -ßfpw ]©-hm-Zyhpw HgpIp∂ Hcp Zn-t]m-se- Øns‚ Bkzm-Zy-Xtbm, kpJ-tam, a‰p taf-߃°v -bm-Wv. F∂m¬ CSbv°v Hgp°ns‚ ˛ Ime-Øns‚ Ap-`hs∏-Sp-∂n-√. ]m≠n-ta-fsam-gn®v a‰p taf-ß- - - -˛ thKX Ipd-bp-hmtm {Ia-cln-Xambn IqSp-hmtm - - sf√mw Iøpw tIm-ep-ambn sIm´p-∂hbm-Wv. Iøpw -- - -hn[n-®n-´n-√. kq£va-ambn ]d-™m¬ Ime-Øn¬ tImep-ambn sIm´p∂ taf-߃s°√mw tImev Iw-hcp∂ am‰w ˛ hcp-tØ≠ am‰w ˛ tXr-ÿm-o- Ip- d ®pw Iønv {]m[myw sImSp- Ø p- a mWvb¿ am{Xta Adn-bm-hq. AXp-t]m-se-Xs∂ Ime- sIm´p∂Xv ˛ As√-¶n¬ sImt´-≠Xv. AXp-sIm- - 41
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010≠mWv Cu taf-߃ tIƒ°p-tºmƒ IqSp-X¬ hy‡n-bpsS˛ Hmtcm Ne--߃°pw Ap-k-cn®vB-µhpw BÀm-Zhpw t{imXm-hnv D≠m-Ip-∂Xv. - ˛ Adn™v Dƒs°m≠v ˛ Bkz-Zn®v ˛ B-µn®v Cu taf-ß-fn¬ ]©m-cn-ta-f-Øn-mWv N{I- HsØmcp-an®v oßp∂ Bbn-c-°-W-°nv Bkzm-h¿Øn ÿmw Xs∂ sImSp-Øn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. mZ- ZI hrµsØ Hmtcm D’-h-∏-d-ºp-I-fnepw ˛ ]qc-ip-≤n-sIm≠v Iøpw tImens‚ Iw Ipd™ ∏-d-ºp-I-fnepw ap°p ImWp-hm≥ km[n-°pw.{]tbm-Khpw (-Sp-hpw, h°pw IW-°m-°n) Xmfm- {ipXn, mZw, Xmfw F∂nh kwtbm-Pn-°p-tºmƒ[n-jvTn-X-ambn Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p∂ ]©m-cn-ta-fw, a‰p Hcp {]tXyI ebw-Xs∂ kwPm-X-am-Ip-∂p. CukwL-I-e-I-fn¬ ns∂√mw sshin-jvSy-am¿∂-Xm- ebw Hmtcm Bkzm-Z-I-s‚bpw a- n¬ XØn-°-Wv. hyXykvX kz`m-h-ß-fn-ep≈Xpw, hn`n-∂-{ip- fn-°p-∂Xp-sIm-≠m-hmw, Cu kwtbm-Pn-Xamb Ap- - -Xn-bn-ep≈Xpamb sN≠, he-¥-e, Ce-Øm-fw, `q-Xn°v msa-√m-hcpw hnt[-bcm-hp-∂Xv. Cusbmcp - -Ipdp-¶p-g¬, sImºv Chsb√mw ktΩ-fn-°p-tºmƒ khn-ti-jX a‰v kwÿm--ß-fnse hmZy-I-em-t{i-Hcp {]tXyI mZ-ebw Xs∂ krjvSn-°p-hm≥ Wn-bn¬ Ap-`-h-th-Zy-am-Ip-∂n-√, F∂Xv X¿°-km[n-°p-∂p-≠v. ASp-Øp-n∂p tIƒ°p-tºmƒ a‰ hkvXp-X-bm-Wv. Cßns mw km[m-cW KXn-sN≠-I-fpsS {ipXn hntbm-Pn∏v Ipd-®-Ise n∂v bn¬ Nn¥n-®mepw A]-{K-Yn®p tm°n-bm-epwtIƒ°p-tºmƒ B¿°pw Xs∂-bp-≠m-Ip-∂n-√. kºp-jvS-amWv ˛ kar-≤-amWv ˛ kº-∂-am-Wv, tIc-{]mtZ-in-I-amb sNdnb hyXym-k-߃ Ds≠-¶n¬ fob hmZy-I-e-Iƒ F∂v hy‡-am-hp-∂p-≠-t√m.Xs∂bpw tIc-fob t£{X-hm-Zy-I-e-I-fn¬ Cß- Xmf]≤-Xn-bn¬ ]©m-cn, A©-S¥, e£van, -s-bp≈ Nn´bpw k{º-Zm-bhpw F√m-bn-SØpw a¿Ωw, ImcnI Cu Xmf-ß-sf√mw tIc-fob Ie-ne-n∂p t]mcp∂p≠v. CXn¬ n∂pw ap°p I-fn¬ am{Xw {]tbm-Kn®p hcp-∂-h-bm-Wv. CXn¬a- n-em-°p-hm≥ km[n-°p-∂Xv, ]©m-cn-tafØnv - n∂pw hy‡-am-hp∂ Hcp hkvXpX, at{¥m-]m-k-a‰p-ta-f-ß-tf-°mƒ {]m[m-yhpw al-Xzhpw Iev]n- -sb-°mƒ t{ijvT-amWv mtZm-]m-k-- F∂®n-´p-≈-Xm-sW∂pw Ap-jvTm--I-e-I-fn¬ Ap- XXzw A¿∞-h-Øm-hp-I-bm-Wv. at{¥m-]m-k--t]-£-WobhpamWv F∂p-am-Wt√m? sIm≠v D]m-kIv am{Xw Ap-`q-Xn- e-`n-°p-tºmƒ - qdpw qdn-e-[n-Ihpw Iem-Im-c-∑m¿ ]s¶-Sp- mtZm-]m-k--sIm≠v Bbn-c-°-W-°nv ImWn-°p∂ taf-ß-fnepw ]©-hm-Zy-Ønepw BZysØ Iƒ B-µn-°p∂p ˛ BÀm-Zn-°p-∂p, Cu hmZy-I-Hcp Iºw apX¬ Ah-km-sØ Xodv Iem-iw- e-I-fn¬ A`n-c-an-°p∂p. Cu XXzw sN≠-ta-f-Øn-hsc (]-©-hm-Zy-Xn-an-e-amhp hsc) ]s¶-Sp-°p∂ em-bmepw tkm]mkwKo-X-Øn-em-bmepw Ap-Iem-Im-c∑m-cpsS ˛ mbI ÿmw n¿∆-ln-°p∂ - `-h-th-Zy-am-Wv. Xr°m-ºpdw IrjvW≥Ip´n amcm¿ :˛ hmZy-ta-f-I-e-I-sf-°p-dn®v B[n-Im-cn-I-amb ⁄m-ap≈ Iem-Im-c≥. ]mWn, ]cn-j-hmZyw XpSßn Ap-jvSm--ß-fn¬ {]K-¤≥. IpSp-°-hoW F∂ hyXykvX hmZy-{]-tbm-‡m-hv. t£{X ho-I-cW b⁄ ]¶m-fnØ ^e-{ipXn t£{X n¿ΩmW {]h¿Ø--ß-fn¬ [-k-a¿∏Ww S-Øn-bm¬ Ign™ Ggv P∑-ß-fn- tebpw hcp∂ Ggp-P-∑-ß-fn-tebpw ]m]w C√m-Xm-Ip-sa∂v sshjvWh kwln-X-Iƒ ]d-bp-∂p. 42
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010{ipXn-tafw ˛ Hcp kz]v-km-£m-XvImcw v ]fl-{io. a´-∂q¿ i¶-c≥Ip-´n-am-cm¿ v Ie- I ƒ, {]tXy- I n®pw kwL- I - e - I ƒ, ˛ AXp-am-{X-amWv {ipXn-tafwsIm≠v A¿∞am°n-DZvtLm-jn-°p-∂Xv Iq´m-bva-bpsS hnP-b-c-l-ky-am- b-Xv.Wv. kam a- p-Iƒ Htc t]mse {]h¿Øn-°p- Dcp-´p-sN-≠-Iƒ Htc aq∏n-e≈hbm-°p-I-sb-tºmƒ am{X-amWv kwL-I-e-Iƒ hnP-b-am-hp-∂- ∂Xv Zp-jvIcamb H∂√. he-¥es®-≠Ifpw A{]- - - - - -Xv. tIc-fob taf-I-e-I-fn¬ CsX-{X-am{Xw {]mtbm- Imcw Xs∂. Htc {ipXn-bn-ep≈ Ce-Øm-f-ßfpwKn-I-am°mw F∂ Nn¥-bmWv "{ipXn-tafØn∂m- Xøm-dm-°mw. taf-Øn¬ DuXp∂ sImºp-Iƒ GI-[m-cw. tZiw IrXy-amb FÆ-߃ Xs∂-bm-Wv DuXn-h- h¿j-ß-tfm-f-ambn tIc-f-Øns‚ hnhn[ cp-∂-Xv. F∂m¬ Ipg-ens‚ ÿnXn A{]-Im-c-a-√.{]tZ-i-ß-fn¬ S-°p∂ taf-ß-fn¬ ]s¶-SpØ hyXykvX {ipXn-bn-ep≈ Ipg-ep-Iƒ, Xmf-h-´-߃Ap-`hw Xs∂-bmWv CØcw Hcp Nn¥-bn-te°v nd®v DuXpI F∂-Xp- am-{X-amWv Ah-cpsS coXn.Fs∂ bn-®Xv. temI-Ønse Xs∂ G‰hpw IrXy-ambn Nn´-s∏-Sp-Ønb FÆ-ßtfm kzc-ßtfm A√ taf-Øn-q-Xp-∂-Xv. Ipg-en-eq-Xp∂ Xmf-h´ßsf IrXy-ambn kzc- - - s∏-SpØn Nn´-sN-øpI F∂-Xm-bn-cp∂p {ia-Icamb - - ZuXyw. {]kn≤ mK-kzchnZzmpw Ipdpw-Ip-g¬ hmZ-I-p-amb {io. ]√m-hq¿ IrjvW≥Ip´n C°m- cy-Øn¬ klmbw hmKvZmw sNbvXp. Xmf-h-´- ߃ nd-®q-Xp-∂n-SØv Ahsb IrXy-ambn kzc- s∏-Sp-Øn, Iem-i-߃°p≈ kn·-ep-Iƒ Nn´-s∏- Sp- Ø n, 96 A£- c - I m- e - Ø n- e p≈ ]©mcntaf- Øns‚ H∂mwImew i¶-cm-`-cWcmK-Ønepw, 48henb hmZy-knw-^-Wn-bmWv taf-߃. sN≠- A£-c-Im-e-Øn-ep≈ c≠m-wImew tamlcmK-Ifpw, Ce-Øm-f-ßfpw, Ipg-ep-Ifpw, sImºp-Ifpw Ønepw, 24 A£c Ime-Øn-ep≈ aq∂mwImew]c-kv]c]q-cIßfmbn Cg-tN-cp∂ kwL-Ie. Cu - - - - - -D]-I-c-W-߃ Bh-iy-amb Ap-]m-X-Øn¬ tafn-°p-tºm-fp-≠m-Ip∂ A`u-aamb tafm-p-`hw ]q¿∆- -kvacn-Iƒ ap°p ]I¿∂p-X∂n-´p-≠v. F∂m¬ D]- - -tbm- K n- ° p∂ D]- I - c - W - ß - f psS {ipXn- t ®m¿®Fs∂ h√msX Ae-´n-bn-cp-∂p. hyXykvX aq∏n-ep≈ sN≠- I ƒ, hyXykv X {ipXn- I - f n- e p≈sImºp-Iƒ, Ipg-ep-Iƒ..... Ch-sb√mw Htc aq∏nepw{ipXn-I-fn-ep-am-sW-¶n¬ tIƒhn Ap-`hw F{X-am{Xw lrZy-am-bn-cn°pw! tIc-f-Ønse S-∏p-co-Xn-Isf adn-I-S-°m--√, adn-®v, AXns‚ tIƒhn-kpJw IqSp-X¬ BI¿j-I-am-°n -am-‰m-p≈ {iaw 43
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 {Ikt‚m Cu kz]v km£m-Xv°m-c-Ønp {ihy- `mjyw Na-®p. Bkzm-Z-I¿ BZy-ambn {ipXn-tafw tI´Xpw Imk-‰n-eqsS Xs∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p. {ipXn-tafw Zp m-≤y-sa-∂-`n-{]m-b-s∏-´-h¿ ]n∂oSpw CXns JWvUn-®p. ]cn-an-X-amb FÆw Iem-Im-c-∑msc Dƒs∏-SpØn am{Xta CXp km≤y- am-hp-I-bp≈q F∂mbn Ah¿. ]n∂oSv ]e thZn- I-fnepw qtdmfw Iem-Im-c-∑msc Dƒs∏-SpØn {ipXn-tafw Ah-X-cn-∏n-®p. XpS¿®-bmb ]cn-io-e- -ßfpw CXn-m-h-iy-am-bn-cp-∂p. CXnp D’m- lhpw Du¿÷hpw X∂ kl-I-em-Im-c-∑m¿°p nd™ a-t msS µn................tIZm-c-KufcmK-Ønepw, 12 A£-c-Im-e-Øn-ep≈ ]q¿ÆX Ah- I m- i - s ∏- S mhp∂ H∂pan- √ .memwImew B-µ-ss`-chncmK-Ønepw Nn´-s∏- {ipXn-ta-fhpw ]q¿Æ-a-s√-∂-dn-bmw. Xo¿®-bmbpwSp-Øn. ]©mcntaf-Øns‚ G‰hpw BI¿j-Iamb - {iaw XpS-cp-I-Xs∂ sNøpw. C∂p S-°p∂ taf-A©mw-Imew jlmcmK-Øn-emWv kzc-s∏-Sp-Øn- ߃°v Ipg¬ hmbn-°p-∂-h¿, Ah¿ FXp {]tZ-b-Xv. XpS¿∂v Xocp-I-em-i-Ønv a≤y-am-hXn cmK- i-Øp-n-∂p hcp-∂-h-cm-bmepw icn, Hcpt]mse˛hpw. Znh-k-ß-tfmfw o≠p -n∂ {ia-I-c-amb Htc {ipXn-bn¬ Nn´-s∏-Sp-Ønb kzc-߃ ˛ hmbn-ZuXy- a m- b n- c p- ∂ p, CXv . ]cn- i o- e - - t h- f - I - f n¬ °p-∂Xp tIƒ°p-∂p. {ipXn-ta-f-Øns‚ ]c-a-ambnd™ a-t msS D’mlw ]I¿∂ kplr-Øp- hnPbw AXp-X-s∂-bm-sW∂p Rm≥ hniz-kn-°p-°ƒ Gsd! ∂p. tIc-f-sam-´msI S-°p∂ taf-ß-fn¬ B Npcp°w FÆw Iem-Im-c∑msc Dƒs∏-Sp-Øn- - {ipXn-kp-`Kamb Ipg¬hnfn tIƒ°m-mbn ap°v - -bmWv {ipXn-tafw km£m-Xv°-cn-®-Xv. _n.-Fw.-Pn. ImtXm¿°mw.... ]fl-{io. a´-∂q¿ i¶-c≥Ip-´n-am-cm¿ :˛ Xmb-º-I-e-bn¬ XXvssien hm¿sØ-SpØ Iem-Im- c≥. hmZy-ta-f-cw-KØv BZy-ambn ""]fl Ahm¿Uv tSnb {]K-¤≥. {]i-kvX-amb Xriq¿]qc-Ønse Xncp-h-ºmSn hn`m-K-Ønse taf-{]-am-Wn. {ipXn-ta-f-Øns‚ D]-⁄m-Xm-hv. ckjbfäTx ofbmX ùMrOqîMem£ebfvx vfabofòª Dh¥X, DjbC, iChlfTx vfabofòª aceokX Sÿfb kdçJfw vfÿgX nYfTgÿleCx. lecjXkgä~j aìùl hgvjgíejC ùhbqèv~äfw mqbªeÎve mukjfTgk 44
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 H®-∏m-Sns‚ {]Xy-b imkv{Xw - v hn. Iem-[-c≥ v ""Xmf-Øns‚ tKm]p-c-߃ F∂ atm-l- S-bv°bpw A¥ pw AwKo-Im-chpw Gdn-b-Xv.c-amb {]_-‘sa-gpXn sN≠-hm-ZIebpsS kuµ- - - - - - ss{IkvXh kap-Zm-b-Ønv ta¬ss°-bp≈cy-hn-Xm--߃ temI-k-a£w sIm≠p-h∂ sI.- Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dn¬ `uXn-I]p-tcm-KXn tIc-fØnse - -kn. mcm-b-W≥ voice˛t°mƒ "noisev Xß- CX-c-{]-tZ-i-ß-tf-°mƒ hfsc thK-Øn-em-bn-cp-fpsS Pohn-X-Øn¬ {]mapJyw Iev]n-®-h-cmWv ae- ∂p. CXns‚ {]Xn-^-e--sa-t∂mWw Ahn-SpsØbm-fn-Iƒ F∂v nco-£n-®n-´p-≠v. kq£va-t{im-{X- t£{X-߃°pw √ hcp-am--ap-≠m-bn. Aº-e-߃°p am{Xw {]m]y-amb mZ-X-cw-K-ß-tf-°mƒ ߃ IqSp-X¬ sXfn-™p. ImSp-t]m-bn. kz¿W-H®∏m-Sns‚ {kjvSm-°fpw Bcm-[-I-cp-amWv ae- s°m-Sn-ac߃ kpe-`am-bn. ImWn-°Iƒ nd-™p. - - - -bm-fn-Iƒ F∂v Imew sXfn-bn-®p-sIm-t≠-bn-cn-°p- F∂m¬ a≤y-tI-c-f-Ønepw ae-_m-dn-eptam? ]g-∂p. ho≠pw ho≠pw In-s∏m-Sn™ HmSp-Iƒ, {Zhn® Igp-t°m-ep-Iƒ,ASn-b-¥ncw Np‰npw sNdnb ImSv, {][m-- K-Xm-KX kuI-cy- h-hm-kn-I-fm-bn-cp∂ ImeØv hy-ar-K- ß-fp-ambn kmamyw √ AIew ˛ B¿°-tbm-ßsf B´n-b-I-‰m≥ ΩpsS ]q¿∆n-I¿ HcpXcw fPn hn`m-K-Øn-p-am{Xw IuXpIw tXm∂n-bv°p∂]ds®≠Iƒ D]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp-∂n-cn-bv°mw. Imhp- Cu t£{X-ßfn-emWv Aº-ehm-kn-Ifmb s]mXp- - - -I-fn¬ n∂v t£{X-ß-fn-te-bv°p≈ Bcm-[-m- hmƒam-cpw, amcm-∑mcpw sN≠-bnepw a±-f-Ønepwe-b-ß-fpsS ]cn-h¿Ø--L-´-ß-fn-se-t∏m-sg-¶n-ep- H®bpsS alm- k u- µ - c y- s am- c p- ° n- b - X v . qdpwam-hWw sN≠ ASn-b-¥n-c-®-S-ßp-I-fpsS `mK-am- q‰≥]Xpw hmZy-°m¿ AWn-n-c-°p∂ i_vZ-b-Xv. Dud-bv°n´ ]ip-hn≥ tXm¬ sslµ-h-t£- Øns‚ Iq‰≥ ku[-߃ Ah¿ Aº-eap-‰ßfn¬ - - -{X- ß - f n¬ njn- ≤ - a - √ m- X m- b - X ns‚ clkyw ]Wn-Xp-b¿Øn. ap-jy-{]-bXvØns‚ Kw`o-c- km- - -{_m“WyØns‚ Ipg- e q- Ø p- I m- c mbn amdnb £m¬°m-c-ß-fp-ambn i_vZ-I-e-bpsS ]nc-an-Up-s]mXp-hmƒ amcm¿ kap-Zmbw Ft∏m-sg-¶nepw Iƒ Xosh-´n-I-fpsS kz¿W shfn-®-Øn¬ tZh-shfn-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xmbn Adn-hn-√. arK-_-en-bpw, Xm-ssN-X-y-am-bn. me-º-e-Øn¬ ]qP-Iƒ°pwI≈pw, Nmcm-bhpw, tImgnsb Ad-°epw A[:IrX- {]Z-£n-W-߃°p-ambn AI-ºSn tkhn-°p∂ssZ-h-߃°v hn´p-sIm-SpØv, ssih-˛-ssh-jvWh sN≠ IqSp-X¬ apdp-°-tØm-sS, h¿≤n-X-ho-cy-aq¿Øn-Isf kky-t`m-P--°m-cmb kmXzn-I-cm°n tØm-sS, ]pdw-tem-IØv nd-™p.am‰n-b-h¿ Ft¥ XpI¬ hmZy-߃°v me-º-e- Rm≥ Rms∂ `mhwØn¬ ]XnXyw Iev]n-®n√? ]c-am-h[n a±-f-Ønv Iq´mbn Pohn-°p-tºmƒØs∂ H‰bv°p S-tZh-Xzhpw, sN≠bv°v Bkp-cXbpw Iev]n-°mt - °mpw {]h¿Øn-°mpw tSm-p-ap≈ hmk-bpwAh¿°p Ign-™p-≈q. ho°≥ sN≠bpw Dcp-´p- tamlhpw ap-jyv Ie-i-em-Wv. Alw-t_m[sN-≠bpw {ItaW Aº-eßfnse ioth-en-Iƒ°v - - (Cu-tKm)an√m-sX, hy‡n-K-X-amb C—m-i-‡n-bn-Hgn®p-Iq-Sm-m-hm-Ø-Xmbn. mK-kz-cw, Xhn¬ XpS- √m-sX, ap-jy-]p-tcm-K-Xn-bn-√. Ie-I-fn-tebv°pßnb adp-m-S≥ hmZy-߃°v {]th-iw In´nb h∂m¬ CXns‚ anI® DZm-l-c-W-amWv taf-Øn¬Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dnse t£{X-ß-sf-°mƒ a≤y-tI-c- n∂v Xmb- º - I - b n- t e- b v ° p≈ "sN≠bpsSf-Ønepw ae-_m-dn-ep-amWv sN≠-˛a±f߃°pw˛C-- - - - apt∂‰w. Bh¿Ø-Øns‚ bm{¥n-IXbn¬ n∂v - - - 45
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010kn≤n-bp-sSbpw `mh--bp-sSbpw kap-{Z-Ønse PohnXw X≈n-o-°m-m-hmØ Ah-ÿ-h-∂p. a[y-mhn-I-m-hp-tºm-gmWv Iem-Im-c≥ Bfl-kw-Xr- Xn- c p- h n- X mw- I q- d nse alm- t £- { X- ß - f n- t ebv ° v]vXn-bSbp-∂sX∂v a´-∂q¿ i¶-c≥Ip´n ]e-t∏mgpw - - - tafhpw Xmb-º-Ibpw IpSn-tb-‰-°m-cpsS hotdmsSASn-h-c-bn-Sm-dp≈ Imcyw Hm¿Ω hcp-∂p. IS-∂p-sN-∂p. Ch-bpsS ÿmw n¿W-bn-°-s∏- IY- I - f n- b n- s e- ∂ - t ]mse Xmb- º - I - b psS ´p. ]pXnb ]mc-º-cy-߃ ]nd-∂p. mK-kz-c-Øn-kz`m-h-n¿W-b-Ønepw IWn-i-amb t{iWo-I- sebpw Xhn-en-sebpw Pzen-°p∂ inc- p-IƒcWw ap°v ImWm-m-hpw. cmhp-Zn-°p-tºmƒ cwK- AkvXan-®Xn-m¬ ]pXp-]m-cºcy-߃°v InS-a’- - - - - -h-µ--Ønv {ioIr-jvW-th-j-߃, IY XpS-ßn- c-Øns‚ Bh-iy-an-√. Ign™ Im¬q-‰m-≠n-p-bm¬ [otcmcm-Zm-Ø-m-b-I≥, Ccp-´nv Iw IqSp- ≈n¬ Fs¥√mw Iogvta¬ adn-®n-ep-IfmWv ΩpsS -∂-tXmsS {]Xn-m-b-I≥, cm£-k-cq-]-߃, BZn- t£{X-kw-kv°m-c-Øn-ep-≠m-b-Xv?.Xys‚ ]p-cm-K-a--tØmsS h[w, tNmc F∂n- in¶m-cn-tafwßs IY-I-fn-bvs°mcp nb-X-amb k{º-Zm-b-ap- Ata-cn-°-bnse sacn-em‚ v k¿∆-I-em-im-e-≠v. A]-hm-Z-ß-fn-cn-bv°-s´. Xmb-º-I-bntem? bn¬ n∂v Kth-j-W-Øn-s-Ønb ImX-dn≥ F∂apJw Ign-™m¬ ]Xn-Im-ew, ]n∂oSv Iqdv. Iqdv hnZym¿∞n- n- t bm- s Sm∏w {]h¿Øn- ® - t ∏m- g mWvIgn-™m¬ P-°q-´-Øn-n-S-s]-Sm-p≈ L´-ß-fm- "in¶m-cn-tafw Rm≥ {i≤n-®-Xv. hS-°≥ ]d-hq-bn. CS-h-´hpw CS-n-ebpw "Ccn-InSbpw IW-°n- cnse Hcp amcm¿, kml-N-cy-t{]-c-W-bm¬ c≠p-]-t-°mƒ Iøm-Wv. Imcy-tØ-°mƒ Ifn-bm-Wv. Xn- ‰ m- ≠ p- I ƒ°v ap≥]v , kwhn- [ mw sNbv XIjv S n- b m- W v . s{]m´o≥ Ipd™ {Zmh- I - a m- W v . "]©mcnbnep≈ I¨sI- ´ p- h n- Z y- b mWvB¬°-tlmƒ A[n-I-am-Wv. atm-_-e-tØ-°mƒ ]n¬°mew in¶m-cn-ta-f-ambn tIc-f-saßpw s]mSn-imco-cn-I-i-‡n-bm-Wv. Adn-hn-t-°mƒ Bth-i-am- ]m-dn-®-Xv. Xo¿Øpw `‡n-ap-‡-am-b, BNm-c-hn-cp-Wv. km[--sb-°mƒ kvtXm`-am-Wv. Iem-n-c- ≤- a mb, "rØ- ˛ - m- Z - h n- k vabambn- ´ mWv£csc Iøn-se-Sp-°-ep-am-Wv. "in¶mcntafw hne-kp-∂-Xv. PmXn-˛-a-X-˛-h¿K-˛-t`-AXn¿Øn-ew-Lw Z-an-√msX sNdn-sbm-cp Xmf-t_m-[-ap≈ B¿°pw ZriyIe-Isf At]-£n®v taf-Ønepw ]©- s]cp-am-dm-hp∂ Hcp hmZ--im-J. tIm´bw Pn√-hm-Zy-Ønepw Xmb-º-I-bnepw Xmtcm-Zbw hfsc bn¬ s]Æp-ß-fpsS in¶m-cn-ta-f-kwLw {]_-e-sshIn. Ccp-]-Xmw-q-‰m-≠n-sm-Sp-hn-emWv Ch-bn- am-bn-Øo-cp-∂-Xmbn ImX-dn≥ ]d-™p.se√mw Xmc-߃ s]cp-In-b-Xv. hmZy-I-e-I-fnse sIm´p-Im¿ Nph-Sp-Iƒ shbv°p-∂Xp-sIm≠p-£-{X-߃ IS¬I-S∂v temI-P--X-bpsS Xnf- IqSn-bm-hWw "in¶mcn tafw ImgvN-°m¿°v lc-ßp∂ ZrjvSn-bn¬h-∂p. B¿´v knn-aIfn¬ Hgnhm- - - am- h p- ∂ - X v . km[m- c W ap- j y- c psS knc- I sf°m-m-hm-Øhcm-bn. kzImcy Nm-ep-Ifn¬ ÿnc- - - - Ffp∏w aYn-°p∂ cmk-aq-eIw in¶m-cn-ta-f-Øn-°m-cm-bn. Ne-®n-{X--S-∑m¿°pw CX-c-tZ-i-ß-fnse ep-s≠∂v a´-∂qcpw I√q¿ cma≥Ip-´nbpw hne-bn-hmZy-Im-c∑m¿°pw sN≠bpw CS-bv°bpw angmhpw - cp-Øn-b-tXm¿°p-∂p. taf-a-dn-bm-Xn-cp∂ t£{X-ß-]nSn-In-´mØ Zu¿_-ey-am-bn. s]cp-h--sØbpw fn¬ tafw {]bp-‡-am-b-Xnv kam-¥-c-ambn ]pdsaXr∏q-Wn-Øp-d-bn-sebpw Ccn-ßm-e-°p-S-bn-sebpw in¶m-cn-ta-f-Øns‚ h≥ IpXn-∏p-Iƒ! ]≈n-s∏-cp-Bdm-´p-]p-g-bn-sebpw Fd-Wm-Ip-fØpw inh-t£- ∂m-fp-Iƒ°pw, PmY-Iƒ°pw, tjm∏nßv sk‚¿{X- Ø n- s ebpw taf- ß ƒ°v Pw s]cp- I n. DZvLm-S--Ønpw, cmjv{Sob ]m¿´n-I-fpsS tbmK-Nm¬°m¿°v hn{i-a-an-√m-Xm-bn. ߃°pw in¶m-cn-tafw Hcp hio-I-c-W-X{¥w! IY-I-fn-bn-sem-gnsI ∂mbn hen®v aq∏n® bmYm- ÿ n- X n- I ¿°pw, aX- h n- i zm- k n- I ƒ°pw,HØ Hcp sN≠ ImWm≥ ]mSp-s]-´n-cp∂ Xncp- am¿Ivkn-Ãp-Im¿°pw, aX-au-en-I-hm-Zn-Iƒ°pw,hnXmwIq-dp-Im¿°v, tafhpw Xmb-º-Ibpw IqSmsX bp‡n-hm-Zn-Iƒ°pw Hcpt]mse kzoIm-cy-amb 46
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010{]Xn`mk- a m- W n- X v. Hcp]t£ "in¶m- c n- Øn¬, sXcp-thm-c-ß-fn¬, `£-W-im-e-I-fn¬,tafØnemhpw tIc-f-Øn¬ BZysØ kºq¿Æ- knn-am-im-e-I-fn¬, em≥Uv t^mWp-I-fn¬, {]`m-tkm-jy-enkw {]mh¿Øn-I-am-hp-∂-Xv. j-W-ß-fn¬ Ahs‚/Ah-fpsS IWvT-t£m`wH®bpsS sa®w kwkvIm-c-ap≈ Hcp a- npw kln-°m-h-X-√. n]p-W-t{im-{X-ß-fpsS mSm-bn-cp-∂p, Hcn°¬ ]mc-ºcyhmZy-I-e-Ifpw Ah-bpsS tIƒhn-°mcpw AhnsS n¬°-s´. ae-bm-fn-bpsS apJy[m- ΩpsS sIm®p-tI-c-fw. H.hn. hnP-bs‚ "Im‰p-]-cm- kw-kv°m-c-Øn¬ F¥mWv kw`-hn-°p-∂Xv? d™ IYbnse mb-I≥ Ip™pÆn imkv{X-sNIn-S-S-∏n-°p∂ i_vZ-{]-f-b-ambn amdn-bns√ ⁄s‚ D∂-X-]-Zhn Dt]-£n®v ]me-°ms´ {Kma-ΩpsS P-Iob hntm-Z-I-e-Iƒ?. ASn-s]m-fn-∏m- Øn-se-Øn-bXv Npc-Øn-eqsS hoip∂ Im‰ns‚´p-I-fnepw AXn-th-K-r-Ø-®p-h-Sp-I-fpsS ]›m-Ø- t¿Ø {ipXn-b-p-`-hn®v tam£-a-S-bm-m-bn-cp-∂p.e-Ønepw ImXp-s]m-´n-°p∂ i_vZ-߃. Ch-bpsS H® ΩpsS kuµ-cy-im-kv{X-am-bXv hn[n-I-ev]--Ah- X m- c - I ¿°pw t{]£- I - ˛ - t {im- X m- ° ƒ°pw bm-em-hmw. CXn¬ D∑-Ø-cm-hp-tºmgpw, au-Øn-_p≤n-bpsS Ap-{Klw th≠. ap-jyXzw th≠. s‚bpw kq£va-m-Z-ß-fp-sSbpw D]m-k-I-cm-hm≥Xmf-ß-fpsS kq£va-am-{X-I-f-dn-b-≠. ]c-lr-Z-b- hcw- e-`n® {]mNo Ejn-h-cy-∑m-cpsS ]mc-ºcyw⁄mw th≠. {ipXnbpw ho≠p-hn-Nm-chpw Xosc ap°v Xo¿Øpw Ay-am-I-W-sa-∂pt≠m?th≠. Bfl-hn-th-I-Ønv ae-bm-fn-bpsS A`-b- H®bn-em-Wv ae-bm-fn-bpsS apgp-h≥ hnizm- ÿmw BcmWv? hn{im-¥n°v ΩpsS kaq-l-k-hpw. sk¬t^m-Wn¬, Xoh-≠n-bn¬, hnam-- Øn¬ Fhn-sS-bm-sWm-cnSw? hn. Iem[c≥ :˛ tIcf IemaWv U eØn¬ AUv a nnkv t {S‰ohv Hm^okdmbn NpaXe hln°p∂p. hnhn[ hntZi KthjI¿s°m∏w KthjW klmbnbpw ]¶mfnbpw. tImgnt°mSv k¿∆Iemimebn¬ t_m¿Uv Hm^v ÃUokns‚ ap≥ AwKw. nch[n teJ߃ aebmfØnepw Cw•ojnepw FgpXnbn´p≠v. MvfãeBxòªaleJgcgú vfJcen, bfäTgbãxh¥x Sÿfb vëègbez Y©pv~ägsë mueãmukjC~W ùhlrìfòªgskeúgÿg. aìùlmXyÀceã ktëglw bfbj~WTx yÀsh¥aëç bfnemX : smùköJf lecjXkgä~j DÖh¥ ambemcflf lecjXkgä~j, lôh¥ t CfègJ - 682 301, SJCekgäX pfnâ , Ph : 2778038, 98470 58128 E-mail: thamaramkulangara@yahoo.com Website: www.thamara.net 47
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 Xmb-º-I-bvs°mcp k‘y-the v It√-°p-f-ßc A®p-X≥Ip-´n-am-cm¿ v Hmtcm P-kaq-lØn-s‚bpw kmwkv°m-cnI - - sf√mw t£{Xm-Nm-cm-p-jvTm--ß-fp-ambn _‘w-t{ijvTX AXXp-{]-tZ-iØv {]Nm-cØn-ep≈ Iem- - ]p-e¿Øp-∂p. t£{X-I-e-Isf kmam-ty Ap-aq-ey-ß-fn-eqsS hne-bn-cp-Øm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. temI- jvTm--I-e-I-sf∂pw Bkzm-Z (B-tLm-j) Ie-Øns‚ hnhn[ {]tZ-i-ß-fn¬ {]Nm-c-Øn-ep≈ I-sf∂pw c≠mbn Xcw-Xn-cn-°mw. Ap-jvTm--I-]e-Xcw Iem-cq-]߃, B {]tZ-i-Øns‚ kmaq- -- e-I-fpsS Imem-p-K-X-amb ]cn-jv°-c-W-ß-fn-eq-sS-lyhpw kmwkv°m-cn-Ihp-amb PohnXcoXn-°p-kr- - - bmWv Bkzm-Z (B-tLm-j) Ie-Iƒ ]cn-t]m-X-ambn D¬`q-X-am- jn-°-s∏-´Xpwb-hbpw hf¿∂-h- {]N-cn-®-Xpw.bp- a m- W v . Poh Bkzm- Z (B-ssien `q{]-Ir-Xn- tLm- j ) hn`m- K -bp- a mbpw kmaq- Øn¬s∏´ tIc-ln-I-˛-hn-Zym-`ymk fob t£{X-hm-Zy-taJ- e - b p- a mbpw I-e-I-fmWv ]©-_‘-s∏-´n-cn-°p- hm- Z yw, tafw,∂p. t{ijvT-amb tIfn, Xmb- º Ikmaq-ln-I-˛-hn-Zym- apX- e m- b - h . Ch-`ymk ]›m-Ø-e- bn¬ Xmb- º - I -Øn-ep≈ P-k- sbm-gnsI as‰√maqlw hninjv S Iem-cq-]-ßfpwkwkv°m-c-Ønv kwL-I-e-I-fm-Wv.DS-a-I-fm-Ip-∂p. B kwkv°m-c-ip≤n Ie-I-fn-eqsS Xmb-ºI-bm-hs´ {]tbm-‡m-hmb Iem-Im-c-n¬ -{]Xn-^-en-°p-∂p. am{Xw tI{µo-Ir-X-am-Wv. Xmb-º-I-sbm-gnsI at‰- sXmcp tIc-fob t£{X-hm-Zy-I-em-cq-]-Ønepw `mc-Xob P-X-bpsS kwkv°mcw B≤ym-fln-I-Xbn¬ A[n-jvTn-X-amb Cuiz-cm-cm-[--bp- sN≠- I - e m- I m- c v kzX- { ¥- a mb Bhnjv ° mcambn _‘-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. hnin-jym, tIc-fob P- km≤y-X-bn-√. Cu Bhn-jv°m-c-kzm-X-{¥y-amWv,X- b psS kwkv ° mcw hn{K- l m- c m- [ - - b p- a mbpw Xmb-º-I-bpsS mƒ°p-m-fp≈ hf¿®bv°v Imc-Im¿jn-Ita-Jebp-ambpw At`-Zy-_‘w ]pe¿Øp- - - - W-am-Ip-∂-Xv. Hcp n›nX N´-°q-Sn-p-≈n¬ n∂p-∂p. Pohn- X - N - c y- b v ° - p- k r- X - a mb coXn- b n¬ sIm≠v Iem-Im-cs‚ Ignhpw A`y-k--Øns‚kwkv°m-cip-≤nbpw Bb-Xn-p-kr-Xam-bn, kmaq- - - - anIhpw ˛ XnI®pw D]-I-c-W-hp-am-bp≈ CW-°-lnI Pohn-X-ssi-enbpw Iem-`n-cp-Nnbpw cq]w Øns‚ A-¥-km-≤y-Xbpw, tImen¬ n∂pw- { ]m- ] n- ° p- ∂ p. t£{Xw, P- k - a q- l - Ø ns‚ Iøn¬ n∂pw D¤-hn-°p∂ i_vZ-ÿm-bn-IƒkmwkvIm-cnI tI{µ-ambn amdp-∂p. t£{Xw tI{µo- XΩn-ep≈ Bt]-£n-I-Xzhpw hyXy-kvX-ÿm-bn-Ir-X-ambn Ie-Iƒ ]cn-t]m-jn-°-s∏-Sp-∂p. tIc- bn-ep≈ i_vZßfpsS an{iWw sIm≠p≈ kuIp- - -fobIe-I-fn¬ H´pan° Ie-Ifpw t£{X-I-e-I- amcyw sXfn-bn-°p-hmpw at‰-sXmcp Ah-k-c-fmbn amdn-bXpw A{]-Imcw Xs∂. t£{X-I-e-I- Ønepw km≤y-am-Ip-∂n-√. IY-Ifn-°m-sW-¶n¬ Hcp - 48
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010]°-ta-f-°m-cs‚ ÿm-amWv sN≠-I-em-Im-c-p- Wn-am-cm¿ XpS-ßn-b-hcpw Xmb-ºI temIsØ≈- X v . Cu Ah- k - c - ß - f n¬ sN≠- I - e m- I m- c v kqcy-tX-P- p-I-fm-bn-cp-∂p. {io. XrØme tIihB{in-XXz-kz-`mhw AYhm as‰mcp Iem-cq-]Ønv - - s]mXp-hmƒ ae-a¬°mhv If-cn-bp--tS-bpw, {io. ]√m-anIhv h¿≤n-∏n-°m-p≈ kl-Im-cI `mh-am-Wp- hq¿ A∏p-am-cm¿ ]me-°m-S≥ If-cn-bp-tSbpw k¥m-≈-Xv. hy‡n-]camb atm-[¿Ω {]I-SØn-p≈ - - - - - ß - f m- b n- c p- ∂ n´pw, Ccp- h ¿°pw Ah- c - h - c psSAh-kcw ]cn-an-X-am-Wv. hy‡ym-[n-jvTnX {]I-S- hy‡n-{]m-ho-Wyhpw kzX:kn≤ ssienbpw hnfw--Ønpw k¿§m-fl-IX sXfn-bn-°m-p-ap≈ Ah- _cw sNøm≥ Ign-™Xv B alm-flm-°-fpsSkcw Xmb-º-I-bn¬ am{X-ta-bp-≈q. hy‡n-ssh-injvSyw sIm≠v am{X-am-Wv. GI-tZiw Cu kzmX{¥yw Ap-hZn-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv, Xmb- - - aqt∂m mtem ]Xn- ‰ m- ≠ p- I ƒ°v ap≥]p- h scºI F∂ Iem-cq-]-Ønv n¿Æ-bn-®n-´p≈ IrXy- t£{X- h m- Z y- I - e m- I m- c - ∑ m¿°v sIm≈p- h mpwamb AXn¿hc-ºp-I-fp-tSbpw LS--bp-tSbpw ]cn- sImSp-°p-hmpw D≈ kµ¿`-߃ hnc-f-am-bn-cp-[n-bv°p-≈n¬ am{Xw hnl-cn-°p-hm-m-Wv. Cu ∂p. {]mtZ-in-I-ambn tI{µo-I-cn-®-Xn-m¬, Htc If-]cn[n ewLn-°p-Itbm, Xmb-º-I-bpsS n›nX cn-bn¬ A`y-kn® {]Xn-`-Iƒ°v hn`n-∂-am-sbmcpcq]-L-S--bn¬ n∂v hyXn-N-en-°p-Itbm sNøp- ssien-sb-°p-dn®v Nn¥n-°phmtm ]c-kv]cw∂-Xv, Xmb-ºI F∂ Iem-cq-]Øn-p-]Icw sN≠ - - ssIamdphmtm km[n-®n-cp-∂n-√. Imew amdn-h-∂-F∂ D]-I-c-W-Øn¬ Hcp {]I-Sw ImgvN-sh- Xn--p-k-cn®v Iem-Im-c-∑m¿°v Bb-Xnv kµ¿`- ßfpw ku`m-Kyhpw kn≤n-®p. BbXv Xmb-º-I-bv°¬ am{X-am-Ipw. Iem-Im-cs‚ atm-[¿Ω-]m-S- bpsS ]cn-jv°-c-W-Ønpw hf¿®bv°pw {]i-hw, Xmb-ºIbpsS N´-°q-Sn¬ n∂p-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ - - kvXn°pw {]N-c-W-Ønpw klm-b-I-am-bn. ae-ImgvN-sh-bv°m≥ [mcmfw Ah-k-c-߃ Cu Iem- a¬°mhv ssien- b n¬ XnI™ A`ymk_e-cq- ] - Ø n- e p- ≠ v . Ap- t bm- P y- k - µ ¿`- ß - f n- e p≈ tØmsS kv]jvS-ambpw taf-s°m-gp∏v jvS-s∏-Sm-{]tbm-K-Nm-Xpcyw sIm≠p-Xs∂ hy‡n-{]-`mhw tXbpw njvI¿jnX FÆ-߃ Ah-X-cn-∏n®pwsXfn- b n- ° p- h mpw kzta- [ bm Hcp ssien Xmb-º-I-bpsS c≠mw-L-´-Øn¬ ]©m-cn-°q-dnpwhm¿sØSp°p- h mpw km[n- ° pw. Xmb- º I sNº-Ip-dnpw {]m[myw ¬Inbpw {]tbm-Kn-°p-temIsØ hnkva-b-am-bn-cp∂ {io. XrØme tIi- tºmƒ ]me- °m- S ≥ ssien- b n¬ ta¬∏- d ™h- s ]m- X p- h mfpw, {io. ]√m- h q¿ A∏p- a m- c mcpw khn-ti-j-X-Iƒs°m∏w I¿Æm-SIkwKo-X-cw-AXmWv sXfn-bn-®-Xv. KsØ kzm[owIqSn Dƒs°m≠v Xmb-º-Isb ]q¿∆- k q- c n- I - f mb {io. ae- a ¬°mhv hnj- b - k w- _ - ‘ n- I - f mb hyh- l m- c - ß - f m¬tIihs]m-Xp-hm-fpw, {io. ]me-°mSv It√-°p-fßc - k¶o¿Æ-P-Sn-e-am-°p-Ibpw ]ucp-j-`mhw h¿≤n-∏n-ANyp-X-am-cmcpw Ah-c-h-cpsS tZi-Øns‚ t]cn¬ °p-Ibpw AS-¥-Iq-dnv {]m[myw ¬In {]tbm-XXv ssien-I-fpsS h‡m-°-fmbn C∂pw ]cn- Kn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. C∂sØ Iem-Im-c-∑m¿e-kn-°p-∂p. ASn-ÿm--]-c-ambn Ccp-ssi-en-Ifpw AXoh Nn¥m-ti-jn-bp-≈-hcpw Atz-jW IpXp-kZr-ißsf-¶nepw Ccp-h¿°pw X-Xp-ssi-en-bn¬ - - In- I - f p- a m- b - X n- m¬ Ccp- s si- e n- I - f n- t ebpwhy‡n-ap{Z ]Xn-∏n-°phmpw, Ht´sd ]n≥X-e-ap-d- kØsb Dƒs°m≠v Xmb-ºI F∂ Iem-cq-°msc hm¿sØ- S p- ° p- h mpw km[n- ® p. ae- ]sØ ]cn-t]m-jn-∏n-°p-∂p. [mcmfw sN≠-I-em-a¬°mhp ssien-bpsS XpS¿®-°m-cmbn {io. Xncp- Im-c-∑m-cp-s≠-¶nepw "Xmb-ºI Iem-Im-c-∑m-cmbnth-K-∏p-d -cm-a-s]m-Xp-hmƒ, {io. XrØme Ip™n- {it≤-b-cm-Ip-∂-h¿ hfsc Ipd-hm-Wv. PK-Zo-iz-cn-Ir-jvWs]m-Xp-hmƒ, {io. Ben-∏dºv inh-cm-as]m- - - - bmb tlamw-_n-I-bpsS Ap-{Klw (Cu-iz-cm-p-Xp-hmƒ apX-em-b-hcpw, ]me-°m-S≥ ssien-bpsS {K-lw), P∑-kn-≤n, Zo¿Lhpw ITn--hp-amb A`y-XpS¿®-°m-cmbn {io. NnXen cma-am-cm¿, {io. ]√- k- w, Nn¥m- i - ‡ n, atm- h n- I m- k w, D]m-» ]fl-m-`-am-cm¿, {io. Im®mw-Ip-dp»n N{I-]m- kmatm- ` m- h w, Xmf- t _m- [ w, {ipXn- t _m[w 49
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010F∂o khn-tij KpW-ß-fm¬ am{Xw {]tim-`n- h´w Ign-™m¬ c≠mw-Im-e-Øns‚ "c≠v H‰°m-hp∂ Hcp Iem-cq-]-amWv "Xmb-ºI. hfsc sIm´p∂p. H∂mw Ime-Øns‚ Hscm‰bv°v HcpsNdn-b-sX∂v tXm∂n-°m-hp∂ yq-X-t]mepw Xmf-h´w ssZ¿Ly-ap-≈-t∏mƒ c≠mw Ime-Øns‚Xmb-º-Isb kw_-‘n®v hfsc {]k-‡-am-Wv. Hscm‰bv°v 1/2 Xmf-h´w ssZ¿Ly-am-Ip-∂p. c≠mwsN≠ tXmfn-te-‰n-bp≈ nev]pw {]tbm-K-th-f- Ime- Ø ns‚ cs≠m- ‰ bv°v Hcp Xmf- h ´wbn¬ ssII-fp-tSXp am{X-a-√, F√m ico-cm-h-b-h- ssZ¿Lyw. XpS¿∂v, c≠mw Ime-Øn¬ FÆsØß-fpsS nebpw KWy-amb {]m[myw ¬Ip-∂p. G‰n-®p-cp-°p-∂p. c≠mw Ime-Øn¬ Hcp XhWHcp √ Kpcp-m-Ys‚ Iogn-ep≈ Zo¿L-Im-esØ aq∂m-°p-∂Xnv Hcp Xmf-h´hpw, Hcp XhW c≠m- -]cn-ioewsIm≠p am{Xta KpW-ta∑ ssIh-cn- °p-∂-Xnv 3/4 Xmf-h-´hpw, Hcp XhW H∂m°p-°m-m-hq. ∂-Xnv 1/2 Xmf-h-´hpw hcp-∂p. Cßns c≠v XhW aq∂v, c≠v XhW c≠v, c≠p XhW H∂v Xmb-º-I°v ]Xn-Im-ew, Iqdv, CS-Im-ew, F∂ {Ia-Øn¬ sIm´p-tºmƒ c≠mw Ime-Ønvt¿tIm¬-˛-C-cp-InS F∂n-ßs mep L´-ß-fm- BZy c≠p XhW sIm´p∂ H‰bv°v Dƒs∏sSWp-≈-Xv. sNºS Xmf-Øn-emWv Xmb-ºI Nn´- 1/2 X 2 + 1 X 2 + 3/4 X 2 + 1/2 X 2 = 1+2+1 1/2+1s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≈-Xv. sNºS Xmfw, NXp-c-{i--S-bn- = 5 1/2 Xmf-h´w hcp-∂p. aq∂mw Imew CXns‚emWv Xmb-º-I-bpsS ]Xn-Im-ew. Xmb-º-I-bpsS t¿]-IpXn Xmf-h´ ssZ¿Ly-Øn¬ {]tbm-Kn-°p-apJw AYhm {]mcw` `mKw, ne, men-c´n F∂o ∂p. AXm-bXv cs≠m-‰bv°v 1/2 Xmf-h-´w, c≠vD]-L-´-ß-fn-embn {Ian-I-ßfpw n›n-X-hp-amb aq∂nv Hcp Xmf-h-´w, c≠v c≠nv 3/4 Xmf-h-´w,LS--tbm-Sp-Iq-Snb FÆ-߃ Hcp ka-Kp-WnX c≠v H∂nv 1/2 Xmf-h´w Cßns BsI 2 3/4t{]mt{K-js‚ KWn-Xm-Sn-ÿm--Øn¬ {]tbm-Kn- Xmf-h´w hcp-∂p. H∂mw Ime-Øns‚ cs≠m‰°p-∂p. Xmb-º-I°v Ime-an´v ct≠m aqt∂m Xmf- am{Xw-sIm´n c≠v, aq∂v Ime-߃ apgp-hmbn G‰n- -h-´-߃s°m≠v {]tbm-‡mhpw kl-{]-h¿Ø- ®p-cp-°n-°-gn-bp-tºmƒ 10 1/4 Xmf-h-´-߃ hcp-∂p.Icpw t{imXm-°fpw Htc Ime-{]-am-W-Øn¬ ebn- aq∂mw-Imew G‰n-®p-cp°n°gn-bp-tºmƒ D≈ Xmf-®p-tN¿∂m¬, Iem-Im-cs‚ {]mho-Wy-Øn--p-k- h-´-Øn¬ tijn-°p∂ 3/4 Xmf-h-´-Øn¬ FÆ-cn®v ct≠m aqt∂m atm-[¿Ω-{]-tbm-K-߃ Ah- Øns‚ AwisØ h{In®v mev Xpey Awi-ß-X-cn-∏n®p Ign-™m¬, FÆ-߃ G‰n-®p-cp-°p-hm≥ fmbn sIm´p-∂p. Cu L´sØ "h{Iw sIm´pI(Hcp km[m-cW ]Z-{]-tbm-Kw) XpS-ßp-∂p. Hmtcm F∂v ]d-bs∏-Sp-∂p. XpS¿∂v memw Imew. sIm´n- -FÆhpw mep Ime-ß-fn-embn kZr-i-kz-`m-h- h-∂ {Ia-a-p-k-cn-®p-Xs∂ memw Ime-ØnvtØmsS hny-kn-°p-∂p. FÆhpw nebpw IqSn cs≠m‰ Dƒs∏sS G‰n-®p-cp-°p-∂-Xnv 1 3/8 Xmf-Hcp Xmf-h´w hcp-∂-XmWv H∂mw Imew. Hmtcm h-´-߃ hcp-∂p. C{]-Imcw `n∂n-Xmw-i-ambn hcp-FÆhpw Hmtcm Ime-Ønepw c≠p XhW hoXw ∂-Xn-m¬ {]tbm-K-kp-`-K-X-bv°mbn memw Ime-Ime-Øn--p-kr-X-amb ssZ¿Ly-Øn¬ sIm´n-b- Øn¬ c≠p-X-hW H∂v sIm´p-∂-Xnp ]Icwtijw G‰n-®p-cp-°p-hm≥ Bcw-`n-°p-∂p. G‰n-®p- mep XhW sIm´p-∂p. At∏mƒ memw Imewcp-°p-∂-Xns‚ {Iaw, c≠v XhW aq∂v ˛ c≠p-X- c≠v H‰ Dƒs∏sS G‰n-®p-cp-°p-tºmƒ 1 5/8 Xmf-hW c≠v ˛ c≠v XhW H∂v F∂Xm-Wv. S∏p≈ h´ ssZ¿Lyw-h-cp-∂p. tijn-°p∂ 3/8 Xmf-h-´-k{º-Zm-b-Øn¬ H∂mwImew G‰n-®p-cp-°m-dn-√. Øn¬ aq∂mw Ime-Øn-te-Xp-t]mse FÆ-Øns‚H∂mw Ime-Øn¬ FÆw c≠p-X-hW sIm´n, AwisØ mep Xpey-`m-K-ß-fmbn h{In®v {]tbm-c≠mw Imew XpS-ßp-∂p. AXXp Ime-Øn¬ Kn-°p-∂p. AXm-bXv aq∂mw Imew Ign-™p≈FÆw c≠p- X - h W sIm´p- ∂ - X nv "c≠v H‰ h{I- Ø nv 3/4 Xmf- h ´ ssZ¿Ly- a p- ≈ - t ∏mƒ,sIm´pI F∂mWv ]d-™p-h-cp-∂-Xv. H∂mw Ime- memw Imew Ign-™p≈ h{I-Ønv t¿]-Ip-Xn-Øns‚ c≠v H‰ sIm´p-∂-tXm-Sp-IqSn c≠v Xmf- bmb 3/8 Xmf-h-´-ssZ¿Lyw hcp-∂p. XpS¿∂p≈ 50
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010Hcp Xmf-h´wsIm≠v sIm´n-h∂ FÆ-Øn--p-kr- sImSpØv c≠v FÆ-ßfpw tImenv {]m[mywX-ambn Iq¿∏n®v ASpØ FÆ-Øn-te°v IS-°p- sImSpØv c≠v FÆ-ßfpw ap≥]v kqNn-∏n® {Ia-∂p. CXmWv HscÆw G‰n-®p-cp-°p-∂-Xns‚ kmam- Øn¬ G‰n-®p-cp°n "KW-]Xn ssI sIm´n- ]-Xn-y-cq-]w. Imew F∂ BZy-L´w Ah-km-n-∏n-°p-∂p. ]Xn-Im-e-Øn¬, Xmb-º-I-bpsS a¿Ω-{]-[m- ]Xn-Im-e-Øns‚ XpS¿®-bmbn Xmb-º-I--amb `mK-am-Wv, "InS-XnI Xcn-In-SX F∂ FÆw. bpsS c≠mw L´-amb Iqdn-te°v IS-°p-∂p. NXp-Cu FÆw G‰n-®p-cp°n Ign-™m¬ {Xn{i S- c-{i--S-bn-em-bn-cp∂ ]Xn-Imew S-t`Zw sNbvXvbn¬ mep ÿm-߃ ImWn®v "ne F∂ D]- {]tbm- K n- ° p∂ L´- a m- W n- X v . ]©m- c n, sNº,L-´-Øn-te°v IS-°p-∂p. ne-bpsS XpS-°-Øn¬ AS¥ F∂o aq∂pXcw Iqdp-I-fmWv {]Nm-c-Øn-Ie-mIm-cs‚ {]mho-Wy-Øn--p-k-cn®v atm-[¿Ω- ep- ≈ - X v . {Xy{iS- b n- e m- s W- ¶ n¬ ]©mcn߃ Ah-X-cn-∏n-®-tijw FÆ-߃ sIm´p-hm≥ Iqsd∂pw JWv U - - S - b n- e m- s W- ¶ n¬ sNº- I q-XpS-ßp-∂p. mev sd∂pw, an{i--S-FÆ-ß-fmWv bn-em-sW-¶n¬sIm´m-dp-≈-Xv. AS- ¥ - I q- s d∂pw1/16, 1/8, 1/4, 1/2 ]d-bp-∂p. sNºSF∂o Xmf- h - ´ - Xmf-Øns‚ssZ¿Ly-ap≈ Hmtcm am{X-IfpwFÆ-ßfmWv {Ia- - X Ω n - e p ≈Øn¬ sIm´n G‰n- ssZ¿Lyw 5 eLp-®p-cp-°p-∂-Xv. Cu °ƒ (X-I-X-°n-´)FÆ- ß ƒ Ign- hoXw hcp∂ (J-™m¬ ]Xn-Im-e- WvU--S) hmZØns‚ ASpØ coXn-bv°mWvD]-L-´-amb sNº-°qdv F∂v"men- c ´nbnte ]d- b p- ∂ - X v . Hcp°v {]th-in-°p-∂p. mep X°n-´bpw Hcp Xcn-In- Xmf- h - ´ - Ø n¬ 5 X 8 = 40 eLp- ° ƒ hcp- ∂ p.Sbpw AS-ßp∂ 16 A£-c-߃ hcp∂ hmZw tkm]m--k-{º-Zmb Xmf-]-≤-Xn-bn¬ "sNº Xmf-Hcp Xmf- h - ´ - Ø n¬ mep XhW sIm´p- ∂ p. Øn-p≈ 10 A£-c-Im-e-Øns‚ KpWn-X-am-b-Xn-Aßns Hcp Xmf-h-´-Øn¬ 16 X 4 = 64 sIm´p- m-emhmw "sNº-°qdv F∂v ma-I-cWw sNbvX-Iƒ hcp-∂p. ASn-ÿm--Xm-f-Øn-p≈ 8 A£-c- Xv. tkm]m k{º-Zm-b-Øn¬ "JWvU-S F∂-Øns‚ 4 Cc´n (8, 16, 32, 64) Bb-Xn-m-emhmw Xnv "sNº-S F∂mWv ]d-™p-hcp-∂Xpw. F√m- -"men-c´n F∂v L´-Ønv t]¿ ¬In-b-Xv. Cu Iqdp-Iƒ°pw ne, men-c´n F∂n-ßs c≠v D]-L´-Øns‚ XpS-°-Øn¬ CS-XpssI sIm≠p-≈ L-´-ß-fm-Wp-≈-Xv. sNº-Iq-dns‚ ne-bn¬ Iem-mev ÿm-߃°v {]m[myw ¬In atm-[¿Ω- Im-cs‚ {]mho-Wy-Øn--p-k-cn®v KXn-bv°-p-tbm-]m-S-h-a-p-k-cn®v Ah-X-cn-∏n®tijw hyXykvX Py-amb atm-[¿Ω-ßfpw km[m-c-W-bmbn F√m-coXn-I-fn¬ men-c-´n-bpsS Cc-´n-bmbn aqt∂m hcpw {]tbm-Kn-°p∂ njvI¿jnX cs≠-Æ-߃mtem XhW Iem-Im-cs‚ {]mK-¤y-Øn--p-k- (K-Xn-bv°-p-tbm-Py-am-b-h) G‰n-®p-cp°n men-c-´n-cn®pw km[-I-ip-≤n-bv°-p-k-cn®pw hyh-lm-c-ssh- bn-te°v IS-°p-∂p. sNº-°q-dn¬ men-c-´nbv°vZ-Kv[y-Øn-p-kcn®pw Ah-Xcn-∏n-°p-∂p. XpS¿∂v, - - - Hcp Xcn-In-Sbpw c≠p X°n-´bpw (4 + 6 = 10)men-c´n ne-bm°n CS-Xp-ssI-ønv {]m[myw BWv sIm´p-∂-Xv. Hcp Xmf-h-´-Øn¬ C{]-Imcw 8 51
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010XhW sIm´p-tºmƒ 80 A£cw hcp-∂p. AXm- FÆw G‰n-®p-cp-°p-tºmƒ, aq∂mw-Im-eØn¬ `n∂- -bXv 10 X 2 X 4 = 80. Cu men-c´n ne-bm°n kwJy (fraction) hcp-∂-Xn-m¬ {]tXyIw Nn´-aq∂v FÆ-߃ G‰n-®p-cp°n sNº-°qdv Iem-in®v s∏-Sp-Ønb coXn-bn-emWv G‰n-®p-cp-°p-∂-Xv. CXvXmb-º-I-bpsS aq∂mw-L-´-amb CS-Im-e-Øn-te°v AS-¥-Iq-dns‚ Hcp khn-ti-jX IqSn-bm-Wv. ne-IS-°p-∂p. bnse FÆw Ign-™m¬ an{i--S-bn¬ Xs∂ CS- sNº-S-Xm-f-Øns‚ Hmtcm am{Xbv°pw 7 Xp- s sI- s Im- ≠ p≈ mep ÿm- ß ƒ°vA£cw hoXw hcp∂ 8 X 7 = 56 eLp-°-f-S-ßn- {]m[myw ¬Inb Ah-X-c-W-tØm-Sp-IqSn men-b-XmWv AS-¥-Iq-dns‚ ASn-ÿm LS-. {]tbm- c-´n-bn-te°v IS-°p-hm≥ Ap-tbm-Py-amb HmtcmK-em-fn-Xy-Øn-p-th≠n 3 ki-_vZ-{In-b-Ifpw 1/2 Xmf-h´w hoXw hcp∂ mep-Xcw kwK-Xn-Iƒ Nn´-ni-_vZ-{In-bbpw AS-ßp∂ 4 L´-ß-fmbn sNº- s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. Ch mepw Xn®pw H∂n®pS-Xm-f-e-£W kZr-i-ambn Xs∂ (h-ew-X-e-bn¬ tN¿Øpw {]tbm-Kn®v men-c-´n-bn-te°v IS-°p-∂-Xmfw ]nSn-°p∂hn[w A]-{K-Yn-®m¬ t_m≤y-am- Xm-Wv, ne-hn¬ Ap-h¿Øn®ph-cp∂ coXn. men-hpw) cq]]cn-Wmaw hcpØn Xmfw ]nSn-°p-∂p. c- ´ nbv ° v c≠p X°n- ´ bpw c≠p Xcn- I n- S bpwAXm-bXv 3 1/2 X 4 = 14 am{X ne-bpsS L´-Øn¬ (6+8=14) Dƒs∏-Sp∂ 14 sIm´p-Iƒ hcp-∂p. C{]-Hcp Xmf-h-´-Øn¬ 14 hoXw 4 XhW {]tbm-Kn- Imcw 4 XhW Hcp Xmf-h-´-Øn¬ {]tbm-Kn-°p-°p-tºmƒ 14 X 4 = 56 sIm´p-Iƒ hcp-∂p. tkm]m tºmƒ 14 X 4 = 56 sIm´p-I-fm-bn. AXm-bXv ASn-k{º-Zmb Xmf-]-≤-Xn-bn¬ "AS¥ Xmf-Øn-p≈ ÿm Xmf-kw-Jybmb 14-˛s‚ 4 Cc-´n. ]Xn-Im-e-14-˛s‚ KpWn-X-am-b-Xn-m-emhmw "AS-¥-Iqdv F∂v Øn-te-Xp-t]mse AS-¥-Iq-dnepw men-c-´n-bpsS]d-™p-h-cp-∂-Xv. ne-bpsS L´-Øn¬ atm-[¿Ω Cc´n {]tbm-Kn°mdp≠v. 28 A£-c-ß-f-S-ßp∂ 4{]tbm-K-Øn-p≈ km≤yX hfsc IqSp-X-ep≠v Bh¿Øn (28 X 4 = 112)bmWv {]tbm-Kn-°m-dp-≈-AS-¥-Iq-dn¬. A£-c-Ime ssZ¿Lyw IqSp-X-ep- Xv. hfsc hnc-f-ambn am{Xta Cßs {]tbm-Kn-≈-Xn-mepw an{i--S-bpsS khn-ti-j-X-bmepw °m-dp-≈q. Cu L´-am-hp-tºm-tg°pap≈ Xmf-˛-Im-Iem-Im--cs‚ ]mWvUn-Xy-Øn--p-k-cn®v {]tbm- e-Øns‚ {ZpX-K-Xn, {]tbm-K-Øn-ep≈ kv]pS-Kn-°m-p≈ km≤yX [mcm-f-am-Wv. b»:ico-c-mb Xbv°pw XZzmcm Bkzm-Zy-Xbv°pw aß-te-ev]n-Xmb-ºIhnZzm≥ {io. Xncp-hn-√zm -ae Ipg-¥-kzman °p- s a- ∂ - X n- m¬ hnap- J X ImWn- ° m- d p- ≠ v .AS-¥-Iq-dns‚ hnIm-k-Øns‚ D]-⁄m-Xm-hmbn XnI™ Ime-{]-am-W-tØmsS Xmfw ]nSn-°m-hp-Adn-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. At±-l-Øns‚ injy-mb Xmb- ∂-hsc HØpIn-´n-bm¬ Cu {]tbmKw hfscºI Ipe-]Xn {io. ]√m-hq¿ A∏p-am-cm¿ AS-¥- Bkzm-Zy-I-c-am-Wp-Xm-pw. men-c-´n, ne-bm°nIq-dn¬ {]tbm-Kn-®n-cp∂ hymh-lm-cnI hnj-b-߃ cs≠-Æ-߃ G‰n-®p-cp°n Iem-in®v CS-Im-e-Øn-AXoh al-Ø-c-am-bn-cp-∂p. BbXv hne-bn-cp-Øp- te°v {]th-in-°p-∂-XmWv AS-¥-Iq-dns‚ kmam-hmpw {]iw-kn-°p-hmpw hm°p-Iƒ A]-cym-]vX- y-L-S-.am-Wv. A¤p-Xm-h-l-amb {]tbm-K-ß-fm-bn-cp∂p sNº-S-Xmfw ]©mcn ({Xn-{i) S-bn-emWvAt±-l-Øn-t‚-Xv. At±-l-Øns‚ hmZ--ssien ]©m-cn-Iq-dv. F∂m¬ ]©m-cn-Iq-dn¬ hmZw 7˛s‚B[m-c-am°n ]ecpw Xmgv∂ Ime-Øn¬ Ah-- KpWn- X - ß - f mbn hcp∂ coXn- b n- e mWv {]tbm-hs‚ ]cn-[n-bn-ep≈ {]tbmKw ImgvN-sh-bv°p-∂p- Kn®phcp-∂-Xv. BbXv 6˛s‚ KpWn-X-ß-fm-bm-ap-≠v. CØcw atm-[¿Ω{]tbm-K-߃°v XpS¿®- Wt√m htc-≠-Xv. Cu Aimkv{XobX-sb-bmWvbmbn FÆw G‰n-®p-cp-°p-hm≥ Bcw-`n-°p-∂p. ne- {io. ]√m-hq¿ A∏p-am-cm¿ tNmZyw sNbvXn-cp-∂Xpwbn¬ HscÆ-amWv km[m-c-W-bmbn sIm´m-dp-≈- ]©m-cn-Iq-dns‚ Aÿn-XzsØ Xs∂ ntj-[n-Xv. cq]-]-cn-Wmaw hcp-Ønb Xmf-Øns‚ LS- ®n-cp-∂-Xpw. Xs∂-bp-a-√, ne-hn-ep≈ ]©m-cn-Iqdvbv°v Ap-tbm-Py-ambn an{i-S B[m-c-am°n am{X-ambn {]tbm-Kn®v c≠mw-L´w Ah-km-n-∏n- 52
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010°p∂ Iogvhg-°-hp-an-√. ne-hn-ep≈ ]©m-cn-Iq- °mpw ]©m-cn-Iq-dnv imkv{X-bp-‡-amb X-dnv XpS¿®-bmbn sNº-Iqdv (A-]q¿∆w kµ¿`- Xmb AkvXnXzw evIm-p-ap≈ Hcp {iaw Cuß-fn¬ AS-¥-Iq-dv) IqSn Ah-X-cn-∏n® tijta Ffnb teJ-I≥ 2005 hw-_¿ 6˛v S-Øn. Xmb-aq∂mw-L-´-amb CS-Im-e-Øn-te°v {]th-in-°m-dp- ºItemIsØ BNm-cy-ÿm-o-bpw {ihy-kp-µ-≈q. Bb-Xns‚ Imc-Whpw hy‡-am-Wv. a‰v Iqdp- c-ambn ]©m-cn-Iqdv Ah-X-cn-∏n®v {it≤-bpw IqSn-I-fn-te-Xp-t]mse "Iqdv F∂ L´-Ønv An-hm- bmb Xmb-ºIIpe-]Xn {io. Ben-∏-dºv inh-cm-cy-amb LS-I߃ ]©m-cn-Iq-dn-en-√. hmZ-{I-ahpw - - a-s]m-Xp-hmƒ, kp{]-kn≤ Xmb-ºIhnZ-Kv[≥ {io.imkv{Xo-b-Xbv°v hncp-≤-am-Wv. ]©mcn ({Xn{i) I√q¿ cma≥Ip´namcm¿, taf-hn-Z-Kv[≥ {io. s]cp-KXn-bn¬ th≠ hmZw ne-bpsS L´-Øn¬ an{i- hw Ip´≥amcm¿, XnanehnZzm≥ {io. tIfØv Ip´-K-Xn-bn¬ S-Øp-∂p. men-c-´n-bn¬ 6 A£cw ∏-am-cm¿, hmZy-hn-N-£-W-∑m-cmb {io. ]≈-tØcnhoXw 8 Xh-Wtbm 12 A£cw hoXw 4 Xh-Wtbm ºym-Ø≥ ºq-Xn-cn, {io. sI.-]n.-kn. `´-Xn-cn-imkv { X- b p‡ym ∏mSv XpSßn{]tbm- K n- t °- ≠ n- [mcmfw {]kn-≤-SØv Hcp X°n- cmb Iem- I m- c -´bpw Hcp Xcn-In- ∑mcpw Item- ] m-Sbpw BIp∂ (3 k- I cpw AS-+ 4) Gg-£cw 8 ßp∂ hnZz-Xvk-Z-XhW {]tbm-Kn-  ns km£n-°p-tºmƒ 7 X 8 = bm°n PK-Zo-iz-cn-56 sIm´p-Iƒ hcp- bmb tlamw-_n-I-∂p. a±-f-I-em-Im-c- bpsS Xncp-k-∂n-∑m¿ ]©m-cn-Iqdv [n- b n¬ ]©m- c n-sIm´p-tºmƒ C{]- Iq-dnv imkv{X-bp-Imcw Aim-kv{Xo- ‡-amb Hcp hmZ-b-am-b√, {]tbm-Kn- - -coXn Bhn-jv°-°p- ∂ - X v. ne- cn®v Ah- X - c n- ∏ n-bnepw men- c - ´ n- b nepw 6˛s‚ KpWn- X - ß - f mbn ®p. kZ- n¬ ]©-hmZyhnZzm≥amcmb {io. Iem-Xs∂-bmWv {]tbm-K-co-Xn. Bb-Xn-m-emWv {io. a-WvUew ]c-ta-iz-cam-cm¿, ]d-bv°mSv X¶-∏am-cm¿, -]√m-hq¿ A∏p-am-cm¿ sN≠-°m¿°v "]©m-cn-Iqdv tImßmSv hnP-b≥, Icn-b-∂q¿ mcm-b-W≥ºq-F∂v H∂ns√∂pw ne- h n- e p≈ ]©m- c n- I qdv Xncn XpSßn [mcmfw {]K-¤-cp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Xmb-At±lw {]tbm-Kn-°m-Xn-cp-∂n-cp-∂-Xpw. Cu teJ- º-Isb kw_-‘n®v ]q¿∆-kq-cn-Iƒ n›-bn®Iv Ffnb A`n-{]m-b-`n-∂-X-bp-≠v. ne-hn-ep≈ Xmf-L-S--bn¬ am‰w hcp-Øp-hm≥ Ωƒ°[n-Im-]©m-cn-Iq-dns‚ {]tbm-K-co-Xn-bn¬ Aim-kv{Xo-b- c-an-√. BbXv sNbvXm¬ "Xmb-ºI A√m-Xm-bn-X-bp≠v F∂-Xn-tmSv tbmPn-°p-∂p-s≠-¶nepw Xo-cpw. ]©m-cn-°q-dns‚ hmZ--k-{º-Zm-b-Øn-emWvsN≠-bn¬ ]©m-cn-Iq-dn√ F∂v hmZn-°p-∂Xv A]m- I - X . hmZw {Xn{i (]- © m- c n) S- b n¬"{Xn{i (]-©m-cn) S Fs∂m-∂n√ F∂v ]d-bp- Xs∂ Nn´-s∏-Sp-Øn {]tbm-Kn-°p-∂-XmWv ]pXnb∂-Xn-tmSv Xpey-am-hnt√? BbXv kzoIm-cy-a- hmZ ssien. ]©mcnIqdns‚ ne-bn¬ Xmf-√t√m? Øns‚ Hmtcm am{X-bnepw aq∂p sIm´p-Iƒ hoXw Hcp Xmf-h-´-Øn¬ 8 X 3 = 24 sIm´p-Iƒ hcp∂]©m-cn-Iq-dnv ]pXnb ]cn-t{]£y hn[-Øn-emWv kwhn-[mw sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. ta¬ kqNn-∏n® Aim-kv{Xo-bX ]cn-l-cn- ]Xn-Im-e-Øn-s‚bpw a‰v c≠v Iqdp-I-fp-tS-bpw LS- 53
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010-bv°-p-tbm-Py-ambn 6 X 4 = 24 A£-c-߃ amb t¿tIm¬- ˛ - C - c p- I n- S - b n- t e°v IS- ° p- ∂ p.hcp-∂p. Hmtcm FÆw Ah-km-n-°p-tºmgpw {Iam-p-K-X-]Xn-Imew ˛ NXp-c-{i-S ˛ 8 X 4 = 32 A£cw ambn Xmf-Øn-t‚bpw hmZ--Øn-t‚bpw thKX h¿≤n-∏n®v kv]jvS-amb {ih-Wm-fl-IX jvS-s∏-sNº-Iqdv ˛ JWvU-S ˛ 5 X 4 = 20 A£cw SmØ Ime-Øn¬ thWw Iem-in-°m≥. CS-Im-e-(Hmtcm eLp-hnepw 5 hoXw 5 X 8 = 40 A£-cw) Øn¬ n∂pw ASpØ L´-Øn-te°v IS-°p-tºmƒAS-¥-Iqdv ˛ an{i-S ˛ 7 X 4 = 28 A£cw k¿∆-eLp ne-n¿Øm≥ {]tXyIw {i≤n-t°-men-c-´n-bn¬: ≠-Xp-≠v. Ah-km L´-Ønv t¿tIm¬ F∂pw]Xn-Imew ˛ 4 X°n´ 1 Xcn-InS ˛ BsI 16 A£cw Ccp-InS F∂pw c≠v D]-L-´-ß-fm-Wp-≈-Xv. Cu Ime-Ønepw GI-Xm-f-amWv ]nSn-°p-∂-sX-¶nepwsNº-Iq-dv ˛ 2 X°n´ 1 Xcn-InS ˛ BsI 10 A£cw sNº-S-Xm-f-h-´-Ønv nP-s∏-Sp-Øn-bmWv hmZ-w.AS-¥Iqdv ˛2 X°n´ 2 Xcn-InS ˛ BsI 14 A£cw - Xmf-Ønv CS-™mWv hmZw F∂Xv {it≤-b-Cu {Ia-a-p-k-cn®v ]©m-cn-Iq-dns‚ ne-bn¬ htc- am-Wv. c≠v {]tXyI coXn-Ifn¬ Xmf-Ønv CS™v -≠p∂ sIm´p-I-fpsS FÆw 6X4=24 Dw men-c-´n- nebpw AXn¬ n›nX FÆ- ß fpw sIm´nbn¬ 6X2X4 = 48 Dw BIp-∂p. Hmtcm L´- Ø n- t ‚bpw am‰- Ø n- n- S - b n¬ Xmf-ho-I-cn® hmZ--{Iaw Øns‚ thKX Cc-´n-∏n®v (Iq-´n-s∏-cp-°¬) AXn¬ CS™v sIm´n- b - t ijw t¿tIm¬ ne- b n¬ne-bn¬: n∂pw Ccp- I nS (ssI- ° pg adn- ® p- s Im- ´ p∂UvVnI In-, UvVnI In-, UvVnI In- "ASvXf) bnte°v IS-°p-∂p. Ccp-In-S-bn¬ hyh-, UvVnI In ÿm-]n-X-amb coXn-bn¬ 4 FÆ-߃ sIm´n, CS-men-c-´n-bn¬ Xp-ssI-sIm≠v am{X-am-bp≈ "hI sIm´p∂tXmSp--X-cn-In-S-In--In-S-Xn-I, -X-cn-In-S-In--In-S-Xn-I, IqSn hmZ--Ønv L-Kmw-`ocyw h¿≤n-∏n®v {ih--X-cn-In-S-In--In-S-Xn-I, -X-cn-InSIn-In-S-XnI Wm-fl-IX jvS-s∏-SmØ Ime-Øn¬ Iem-in-°p-ne-hn¬ {]Nm-c-Øn-ep≈ ]©m-cn-Iq-dn¬ {]tbm- ∂-XmWv kmam-y-amb LS-.Kn®phcm-dp≈ atm-[¿Ω-߃°v kam--am-bh tkm]m Xmf-hmZy k{º-Zm-b-a-p-k-cn®v{Xn{i--S-bn¬Xs∂ {]tbm-Kn-°p∂p. ImenSw (Xm- Xmf-hm-Zy-ß-fpsS {]tbm-K-co-Xn-bn¬ Hcp {]tXy-f-h-´-Øns‚ 1/4 `mKw) hoXw ssZ¿Ly-ap≈ aq∂v I-X-bp-≠v. a‰v kwKoX ]≤-Xn-I-fn¬ n∂pw hn`n-FÆ-߃ {Xn{i--S-bn-te°v KXn-t`Zw sNbvXv ∂-ambn Xmf-Øn-t‚bpw XmfsØ ASn-ÿm--am-{]tbm-Kn®pw men-c-´n-bn¬ a‰v c≠v Iqdp-I-fnepw °n-bp≈ hmZ--Øn-t‚bpw thKX kam-¥-c-ambn{]tbm-Kn-°p∂ aq∂v FÆ-߃ {Xn{i-Sbn¬ Nn´- - - h¿≤n-®v Hcp kvXq]n-I-bpsS amXrI ({i-hy-tKm-s∏-SpØn {]tbm-Kn®pw 48 X 2 = 96 sIm´p-Iƒ Hcp ]p-cw) ssIs°m-≈p-∂Xv ImWmw. CsXmcp tIc-Xmf-h-´-Øn¬ hc-Ø-°-hn[w men-c-´n-bpsS Cc- fob Xn-a-bm-Wv. as‰m-∂v, Xmfw ]nSn-°p-∂-Xp-´n-Imew {]tbm-Kn®pw ]©m-cn-Iq-dnv X-Xmb ]cn- sIm≠v Ime-KW am{X-a√ e£y-am-°p-∂Xv;]q¿Æ AkvXnXzw ÿm]n®v ]q¿Æmw-K-ß-tfmsS Xmfw ]nSn-°p∂ i_vZw-IqSn hmZ--Øns‚ AwK-Iem-in®v CS-Im-e-Øn-te°v IS-°p-∂-XmWv {Iaw. am-Ip-∂p. AXn-m¬ Xmfw ]nSn-°p-∂-Xn-t‚-bpw hmZ-Øn-t‚bpw i_vZßfpsS {ipXn-kmayw Iem- - - - ]Xn- I m- e - Ø npw Iqdnpw XpS¿®- b mbnaq∂mw L´-amb CS-Im-eØn-te°v IS-°p-∂p. GI- - cq-]-Øns‚ anI-hnv am‰p-Iq-´p-∂p. CXpw tIc-fo-b- X°v am{Xw Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sm-hp∂ khn-ti-j-X-I-Xm-f-amWv ]nSn-°p-∂-sX-¶nepw sNº-S-Xm-f-Ønv¢n]vX-s∏-Sp-Øn-bmWv hmZ-w. CS-Im-e-Øn¬ hyh- fn-sem-∂m-Wv.ÿm-]n-Xamb FÆ-߃ G‰n-®p-cp°n memw L´- - Xmb-ºI Iem-in-®m¬ ]qPm-ka¿∏W kam- - 54
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010-ambn Ap-h¿Øn-®p-h-cp∂ Hcp NS-ßmWv 1 1/ tSbpw A{im¥ ]cn-{i-a-Øn-eq-sSbpw am{Xta2 sNº-S-Xm-f-h´ ssZ¿Ly-ap≈ "Xocv sIm´¬. {]tbm‡mhmIm≥ km≤y-am-Iq. {KŸ-]m-cm-b-W-KW-]Xn {]Xo-I-am-bp≈ k‘y-the hnf°v Cu Øn-eqsS o¥¬°m-c-m-hm≥ km≤y-a-√-t√m.NS-ßnpti-jta am‰m-hq. CtXmsS Cu hnin-jvS- A`n-{]mb`n∂-X-I-fp-≠m-Imw. bp‡n-k-l-am-I-em-cq]w Cuiz-cm¿∏n-X-am-Ip-∂p. bh kzoI-cn-°p-hm≥ kZm PmK-cq-I-m-Wv. hnZ- Cu Ffnb A`n-{]m-b-߃ Xmb-º-I°v Kvt≤m-]-tZ-i-ßfpw Btcm-Ky-I-c-amb hna¿i--apt∂m-Sn-bm-bp≈ Hcp k‘y-th-e-sIm-´¬ am{Xta ßfpw Dƒs°m-≈m≥ _≤-{i-≤-mbn hn-b-]p-c-Bhp- ∂ p- ≈ q. imkv { Xo- b - a mb A`ym- k - Ø n- e q-  cw klr-Z-b-cpsS ap∂n¬ ka¿∏n-°p-∂p. It√-Ip-f-ßc ANyp-X≥Ip´n amcm¿ :˛ Xmb-º-I-bn¬ thdn´ hgn-IƒsIm≠v {it≤-b-mb Iem-Im-c≥. 1960 sabv 1˛v ]me-°mSv Pn√-bnse It√-Ip-f-ß-c-bn¬ Pn®p. A—≥˛It√-Ip-f-ßc Ing-t°-am-cmØv tKmhn-µ-am-cm¿. AΩ˛ Xr»q¿ t]cmawKew Cu®-cØv amcmØv e£van-°p´n amcm-kym¿. Bdmw hb- n¬ A—≥ "KW-]-Xnss° sIm´n-®p. A—s‚ Iogn¬ Xmb-ºI ]Tn®v HºXmw hb n¬ tlamw-_nIm t£{X-k-∂n-[n-bn¬ Ac-t߉w S-Øn. XpS¿∂v, am¶p-dp»n A∏-am-cm¿ F∂ oe-I-WvT- am-cm-cpsS Iogn¬ Xmb-º-Ibpw hnhn[ taf-ßfpw hnkvX-cn®p ]Tn-®p. 11-˛mw hb p apX¬ hmZy-cw- KØv kPo-hw. NnX-en-cm-a-am-cm¿, ]√-» ]fl-m-`-am-cm¿, ]√m-hq¿ A∏p-am-cm¿, XrØme tIi-h-s]m-Xp-hmƒ, ]√m-hq¿ Ip™p-°p-´-am-cm¿ F∂o AXn-Im-b¿s°m∏w t∂ sNdp-∏-Ønte Cc-´-Xm-b-ºI sIm´n-bn-´p-≠v.C∂sØ {]apJ Xmb-º-I-°m¿s°m-∏hpw Cc-´-Xm-b-ºI sIm´n-h-cp-∂p. Xmb-ºI {][m--amb BtLmj ÿe-ß-fn-se√mw sIm´m≥ km[n-®n-´p-≠v. It√-°p-f-ßc tlamw-_nIm t£{X-Øn¬ ]mc-ºcy ]qP-sIm´v ASn-b-¥nc {]hrØn S-Øn-h-cp-∂p. 1990 apX¬ AI-tØ-Ød {_m©v t]mÃvam-ÿ, 1990-˛¬ It√-Ip-f-ßc tlamw-_nIm t£{X-Øn¬ sh®v,]me-°m-´p-t»cn tiJ-cn-h¿Ω hen-bcmPm "]mWn-hm-Zy-IemWn F∂ ]´w ¬In BZ-cn-®p. 2005-˛¬ apwss_ "tIfn kmwkv°m- - -cnI kwL-S "Io¿ØniwJv kΩm-n-®p. Evãtöx ckjbfäTx ofbmX GòªTx Zjg cCfTx aìùlvëãfwbòªx Evãtöx GçeãfjfTgÿleCx. Evkägsë FóØbfYb~äeã aòeJx, svÖx, MqTj, hBX, kjfêx FbãeCx vwkgÿlx. Evãtöfw hRgaòjez EùiufTgÿbq DÖh¥ambemcflfãgceãf yÀsh¥aëçleCx. MvfãeBxòªaleJgcgú vfJcen, bfäTgbãxh¥x Sÿfb vëègbez Y©pv~ägsë mueãmukjC~W ùhlrìfòªgskeúgÿg. 55
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 taf-I-e-bnse ssieo-t`-Z-߃ v tUm: F≥.-]n. hnP-b-Ir-jvW≥ v tIc-f-Øns‚ nkvXpe i_vZ-I-e-bmWv -Øn--p-k-cn®v tafsØ {Ia-s∏-SpØn F∂p-Im-tafw. ImgvNbv°pw tIƒhn°pw Aº-c-∏p-≠m- Wmw. Xmb-º-I-bn¬ {]K¬`-cmb ]ecpw √ taf-°p∂ Ie. ka-b-kw-hn-[m--a-p-k-cn®v ]pe-cp∂ °m¿°q-Sn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Xncp-th-K-∏pd cma-s∏m-Xp-AXn-hn-in-jvS-amb kwL-I-e-bm-W-Xv. qtdmfw hmƒ, XrØm- e - Ip- ™ n- I r- j v W - s ∏m- X p- h mƒ,t]¿h-cp∂ ]pcp-jmcw sIm´p-I-e-bn¬ ]¶mfnI- NnXen cma-am-cm¿, ]√-» ]fl-m-`-am-cm¿, ]√m-fm-hp-∂p. auen-I]q-c߃°v taf-amWv {][m-amb - - - hq¿ A∏p-am-cm¿, Ben-∏-dºv inh-cm-a-s∏m-Xp-hmƒ,hmZ- - I - e . taf- Ø n- mbn ImXp- s Im- S p- ° p∂Bƒ°q´w D’-h-°m-gvN-bp-am-Ip-∂p. sN≠-ta-f-Ønv aln-X-amb ]mc-º-cyw- D-≠v.taf- N - c n- { X- Ø n¬ alm- ∑ m- c mbh¿ Pohn- ® pAhcpsS hmZ- - s sh- ` - h - Ø n- e qsS hf¿∂phnImkw {]m]n-®-XmWv C∂sØ tafw. Ah¿cq]-s∏-Sp-Ønb ssiensb Imem-p-kr-X-am°p∂p]pXnb sIm´p-Im¿. Ime-{]-hm-l-Øn¬ ne-bv°m-sX-t]m-Ip∂p ΩpsS i_-ZvI-e-Iƒ. BVy-Xzw-sIm≠v taf-Ie AXns‚ sshinjvSyw ImØp-t]m-cp-∂p-≠v. taf-{]-am-Wn°v BZ-cw-¬Ip∂ Ah-ÿ-bn-em-bn´p≠v klr-Zb kaq-lw. C∂-bm-fpsS ]q°m-Sncn Znhm-I-c-s∏m-Xp-hmƒ F∂n-h¿ √ taf-tafw F∂v hne-bn-cp-Ø-s∏-Sp-∂p-ap≠v. Bkzm-Z-- n-b-{¥n-Xm-°ƒ°q-Sn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. tafw {][m--Øns‚ ASn-ÿm--Øn¬ tIc-f-Øn¬ ]pe-cp∂ ambn FSp-Ø-h¿ Xmb-ºI cwKØv {]k-‡-cm-b-taf-ssi-en-I-sf-°p-dn-®p≈ Hcp hnNm-c-amWv Cu Xmbn ImWp∂p-an-√.teJw e£yw-h-bv°p-∂-Xv. hSt° ae-_m¿, tImgn-t°m-Sv, Gd-m-Sv, Xriq-cmWv taf-`qan F∂mWv hnizm-kw. taf- h≈p-hm-Sv, ]me-°m-Sv, Xriq¿, Xriq-cn-‰w ˛ Cß- - sb `qan- i m- k v { X- ] - c - a mbn tafw- s Im- ´ - e nepw°m-cpsS Ncn-{X-Øn¬ Xriq¿°m-cmb taf-°m- tIƒhn-bnepw hyXy-kvX-X-Iƒ D≠v. IS-∂-∏≈ncmWv A[n-I-ambn hne-bn-cp-Ø-s∏-Sp-I. tIc-f- i¶-c≥Ip-´n-am-cmcpsS tafw hSt° ae-_m-dnseØnse hyXy-kvX-`m-K-ß-fn¬ hnhn[ ssien-I- sIm´p-{]-Im-c-Øns‚ i_vZ-km-£y-am-Wv. P∑w-fn-emWv tafw ]pe-cp-∂-Xv. apºpw Aßn-s-bm-bn- sIm≠v hSt° ae-_m-dp-Im-c-s-¶nepw, sIm´n¬cp- ∂ p. Ipa- c - ] p- c Øv A∏p- a m- c m- c psS ssien- h≈p-h-m-S≥ ap{Z kzoI-cn® a´-∂q¿ i¶c≥Ip-´n-bmbncp∂n√ ]q°m-Sncn cma-s∏m-Xp-hm-fp-tS-Xv. bpsS coXn -C-X√ F∂pw {it≤-b-am-Wv. Iem-Im-N°w-Ipfw A∏p-am-cm-cpsS k{º-Zm-b-am-bn-cp-∂n√ c≥ Pohn-°p∂ kmwkv°m-cnI ]cn-kcamWv Abm- - -sIm≠w-h≈n Ip™n-Ir-jvW-am-cm-cp-tS-Xv. Ben- fnse Iesb nb-{¥n-°p-∂Xpw n¿Æ-bn-°p-∏-dºv inh-cm-a-s∏m-Xp-hm-fpsS hgn-bmbncp∂n√ ∂Xpw F∂p ]d-bmw. AXmXptZi-ßfpsS t_m[- -]√m-hq¿ A∏p-am-cm-cp-tS-Xv. Xrt∏-°pfw ANyp-X- ]q¿∆-amb kzm[ow Abm-fn¬ D≠m-Ipw. tImgn-am-cm-cpsSbpw ]√-» s]m∂p-Ip-´-am-cm-cp-tSbpw t°m-S≥ `mK-ß-fnse t]meqcv cma-N-{µ-am-cm-cpsSam¿§w H∂mtWm? Cßs tm°p- t ºmƒ taf-Ønv `mKn-I-am-sb-¶nepw ImWp∂ hyXym-k-A°mew Pohn-®n-cp-∂-h¿ Xß-fpsS emh-Wy-Z¿i- Ønv ASn-ÿm in£-W-°-f-cn-bmb t]mcq¿ 56
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010If-cn-tbm-SmWv IS-∏m-Sv. ae-a-°mhv k{º-Zm-b-Øn- cm[m-Ir-jvWpw taf-{]-am-Wn-bmbn t]sc-SpØpemWv t]mcq¿ ktlm-Z-c-∑m¿ Xmb-ºI ]Tn-®n-´p- Ign-™p.≈-Xv. Ah-cpsS taf-Øn¬ Cu ssien kz`m-hn-I- D’-h-Im-eØv taf-߃ [mcm-f-ambn ]pe-am-Wv. Gd-m-S≥ ssien-bn¬ sIm´n-t∏m∂ Icn- cpw. ]t£ BcpsS tafw? {]am-Wn-bpsS ssien°mSv A∏p-am-cm-cpsS injy≥ at©cn lcn-Zm-kn¬ ]n¥p- S - c m≥ kwLmw- K - ß ƒ°v Ign- b ptam?ImWp-∂Xv B sIm´p-h-gn-b-√. AXnv Ben-∏-dºv {]amWn n›-bn-°p∂ hew-X-e, Xmfw, sImºv,_mWn-tbm-SmWv kmZr-iyw. Xr{]-tßmSv ]c-ta- Ipdpw-Ip-g¬, Dcp-´p-sN-≠°m¿. CXp-km-[y-am-hptam? -iz-c-am-cm-cpsS tafw IrXy-n-jvT-X-bn¬ Du∂p-∂p. At∏mƒ Hmtcm taf-Ønepw hn`n-∂-amb emh-Wy-h≈p-h-m-S≥ tafssien-bpsS Ipeo--amb _e- t_m-[ap-≈hcmWv Hcpanbv°p-∂Xv. Xmfw, ho°≥ - - - -`-{Z-X-bmWv F¨]Xpw IS∂ Icn-ºp-g -tKm-]n-s∏m- sN≠, Ipdpw-Ip-g¬, sImºv F∂o taJ-e-I-fnepwXp-hm-fpsS sIm´ns‚ ImX¬. AXnv ]mc-º-cy-i- {]am-Wn-am-cp-≠v. Ah¿ taf-{]-am-Wn-am-cmbn AwKo-‡n-bp-≠v. kn≤n-bp-≠v. kmt¶-Xn-I-am-W-Xv. ]pXp- I-cn-bv°-s∏-Sp∂pw C√. ssieo-t`-Z-ß-fpsS kΩn-°-ßfn¬ {`an-°p-∂n√ ]√-»- s]m-∂p-°p-´am-cm¿. - - - {i-X-bmWv taf Ie-bpsS kuµcyw F∂phcp-∂p.]me-°m-S≥ a´ns‚ kz`m-h-a-ln-a-bp-≠-Xn¬. It√-°p-f-ßc ANyp-X≥Ip-´n-am-cm-cn-ep-atX ]me-°mSv F¶nepw sN≠-ta-f-Øn¬, sN≠-bn¬ GIo-k{º-Zm-b-Øns‚ kpj-a-I-fmWv ImWp-∂-Xv. taf- Ir- X - a mb Hcp taf- s sien ImWp- ∂ n- √ .Øns‚ ]mT-Øn¬ ⁄mn-bmWv It√-°p-f-ß-c. "tZiobamb hyXym-k-߃ AXn¬ ImWp∂pwa´-∂q¿ i¶-c≥Ip´n anI® Xmb-º-I-°m-scbpw D≠v. tImgn-t°m´v c≠p-]-¥n-ta-f-sams° ImWmw.IY-I-fn-s°m-´p-Im-scbpw Dƒs∏-SpØn ]pXn-sbmcp s]cp-hw S-h-gn-bnse taf-Øn¬ n∂v XnI®pwtaf kwkv°mcw cq]-s∏-SpØn FSp-Øp. H∂mw hyXy-ÿw. Nne -tafÿe-ß-fn¬ Nne¿ ÿnc-am-nc Xmb-º-I-°mscs°m≠v kº-∂-amb tafw- bn-sIm-´p-∂p. as‰mcp kwL-Ønv AhnsS Ac-Iq-Sn-bmbn AXv amdn. Xmb-º-I-bnse kuµ-cy- ßn-√. CXv ÿe-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´ Nne ]£-t_m[w taf-Ønepw ImØp-t]m-cm≥ km[n-°p-∂- ]m-X-ß-fmbn ImWmw. taf-Ønv hn[n-bv°-s∏´Xp-sIm-≠mWv i¶¿Ip-´n-am-cm-cpsS tafw {ipXn-kp- Nne ÿe-߃, Aß-s-sbm-∂n-√. taf-Ønse`-Kam-hp-∂Xv. AXn-smcp Imev]n-IXbp-≠v. taf- - - - - - ka-b-kw-hn-[mnb-{¥-Whpw {]mam-Wn-I-XbpwØns‚ ¢mkn-°¬ Nn´- s]cp-h-w-Ip-´s tafm- tXr-Kp-Whpw Iem-fl-I-X-bp-amWv Hcmsf {]am-kzm-Z-I¿°v {]nbw-I-c-m-°p-∂p. {]ap-J-ta-f-߃ Wn-bm-°p-∂-Xv. GIo-Ir-X-amb Hcp taf-ssien{]am-Wn®v taf-_nw_-ambnamdm-≥ s]cp-h--Øn-p- ChnsS Bh-iy-amtWm? AtXm ssieo-t`-Z-ß-km-[n-®p. s]cp-hw kXois‚ tafw ss]Xr-I- fmtWm taf-I-e-bpsS ne-n¬∏nv KpWamhpI?Øns‚ {]k-‡n- hn-fn-®-dn-bn-°p-∂p. sNdp-t»-cn- Cu t`Z-߃ kwc-£n-°-s∏-tS-≠-Xm-Wv. hS-t°-°p-´pw, ]gp-h¬ cLphpw Xriq¿ taf-kw-kvIr- a-e-_m¿ apX-ep≈ tXr-ÿm-n-Isf Hcpan-∏n®vXn-bpsS D]m-kIcm-Wv. Ing-°q´v An-b≥am-cm-cpsS - - Hcp tafw hn`m-hw sNbvXmtem? hn`n∂ ssien-taf-Ønv Bkzm-ZI¿ Gdn-bn-´p-≠.v Nn´-bpsS kuµ- - I- f psS GIo- I - c Ww km[y- a mtWm? AXns‚cy-amWv Ing-°q-Sns‚ taf-Po-h≥, tNcm-√q¿ i¶- - sIm´p-`-hhpw tIƒhn Ap-`-hhpw F{]-Im-c-am-c≥Ip´n-am-cm-cpsS tafhpw imkv{Xo-bam-Wv. Im®mw- - bn- c n°pw? AXv hnP- b n- ° ptam? kpµ- c - a mbnIp-dn®n IÆ≥am-cm-cpsS AIm-ehn-tbmKw ]pXnb - ]cm-P-b-∏-Sptam? taf-I-e-bpsS thm-∞mN¿®-taf ncbv°v jvSambn hne-bn-cp-Ømw. Xncp-h√ - I- f n¬ ssieo- t `- Z - ] - T w hnj- b - a m- t °- ≠ n- b n- cn-°p-∂p. tUm. F≥.-]n. hnP-b-Ir-jvW≥ :˛ tIcfØnse ¢m n°¬ Iemcq]ßfpambn _‘s∏´ ]T߃°v cq]w ¬Inb hy‡n. sslkv°qƒ A[ym]I≥. hmZy-ta-f-ßsfkw_-‘n-®p≈ nc- h[n {]_-‘-߃ Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-´p-≠v. 57
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 taf- I-em-]-T-hpw taf-ßfpw v ]gp-hn¬ cLp-am-cm¿ v Hcp Ip´n hmZy-I-em-cw-KØv XpS°w Ipdn- Imew sIm´n Dd®pIgn-™m¬, Xcn-InS CXp-°p-∂Xv hnZym-cw`Znh-k-amb hnP-b-Z-ian, As√- t]mse sIm´n-°mw. ]ns∂ a‰p≈ ]mS-ss°-Iƒ¶n¬ F√m amk-Øn-tebpw shfpØ]£-Ønse sIm´p-hm≥ Ffp-∏-am-Ipw. Xcn-In-Sbpw 4 Imew Dd-ZznXob BWv. Aº- e - Ø nse ASn- b - ¥ nc ®m¬, 2 ssII-fnepw ]pfn-ap´n FSpØv km[Iw{]h¿Øn-Iƒ Bb iwJp-hn-fn, ]qP-sIm´v apX- sNtø-≠-Xm-Wv. ImcWw ]©mcn Hgn®v a‰p≈em-bh A`y-kn-®p-sIm-≠v CSbv° ]Tn-°p-∂-Xnv taf- ß ƒ 2 ssII- f nepw tImev FSpØvssIsbØbn¬ D≈w ssIøn¬ sIm≈p∂Xcw sIm´p∂hbm-Wv. Cu 3 ]mS-ssI-Ifpw 4˛Hm 5˛HmsNdnb ac-I-jvWw. Cc´n h∂m¬ Xmb-º-I-bpsS FÆ-߃ XpSßpw.InS XIntXw IptØw IqsS sNºS (16, 8) F∂o A£-c-Imew 2 Ime-InS XIntXw IptØw ߃ sIm´n-°pw. ]ns∂ tIfnbpw Ign-™m¬InS XIntXw IptØw IptØw Hcphn[w ASn-ÿm]Tw ]q¿Øn-bm-Ipw. ]n∂oSv AXv ]cn-t]m-jn-∏n-t°≠ ISa Ah- -h-n¬ n£n-]vX-am-Wv. BZy-Im- e-ß-fn¬ taf-߃ sIm´n-]-Tn-∏n-°p- I- b n√. ImcWw Xmb- º - I - b psS FÆ-߃ sIm´n-]Tn-®m¬, taf-߃ - tI´pw IqsS sIm´nbpw ]Tn-°m-hp- ∂-Xm-Wv. F∂m¬ Cu hI ASn- ÿm Imcy-߃ Aº-e-ß-fnse ASn-b-¥n-cmZn Imcy-߃°v t]mIp- hm≥ th≠n-bmWv ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. taf-߃ ]Tn®v Bkz-Zn-°p-∂-Xnpw ]cn- ] m- S n- I ƒ°v t]mIp- ∂ - X n- pw- th≠n taf- ß ƒ ]Tn- ° p- t ºmƒ, BZyw ]©m- c n- b nse 3˛m- a sØ Imew apX¬ (8,4,4,8) ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂-F∂v KW-]-Xnss° sIm´n-bmWv XpS°w Ipdn- XmWv ]Tn-°m≥ IqSp-X¬ Ffp∏w. AXp-I-gn™v°p-∂-Xv. AXn¬ XInS Xcn-InS F∂nh km[Iw c≠m-asØ Imehpw, ]Xn-Im-ehpw Ah¿°v kzbw-sNøp-∂-tXmSpIqSn Icn-¶-√n¬ ]pfn-ap-´n-s°m≠v IqsSsIm´n- ]-Tn-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. Cßs ]Tn-∏n-KW-]XnssI ( [nXmw I XcIw SSI SSI °p-hm≥th≠n Xriq¿ Pn√-bnse A¥n-°mSv hS-Iw I--Iw SS I SvSv SSI SSI -Iw) t°-°c Hcp sNdnb ÿm]w 13 h¿jw ap≥]vsIm´Ww. heXv ssIøn¬ ]pfn-ap-´nbpw, CS-Xp- XpS-ßn. Ct∏mƒ AXn¬ n∂pw 125pta¬ Ip´n-ssI-øpsS ]Øn-bpsS ]Ip-Xnbpw BWv sImt´- Iƒ ]Tn®v ]pd-Øn-d-ßn-bn-´p-≠v. Cu Iem-t£{Xw≠-Xv. Ip¥n-®n-cp∂v 2 ssIøpw Db¿Øn sIm´n-∏- XpS-ßn-b-Xn-p-tijw Xriq¿ Pn√-bnse hnhn[Tn-°-Ww. (C-t∏mƒ F√m-hcpw N{aw]Sn™ncp∂v {]tZ-i-ß-fn¬ Ahn-´-Øq¿ Iem-tI{µw, s]cp-hwBWv sIm´n ]Tn-°p-∂-Xv) BZyw XIn´ 1 2 3 A∏p-am-cm¿ Iem-t£-{Xw, ]md-ta-°mhv Iem- 58
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010t£{Xw, Ip∂w-Ipfw I°mSv Iem-t£-{Xw, Io∂qcv (3) 6 6 2 2Iem-t£{Xw F∂o ]T kt¶-X-߃ XpS-ßn- (4) 2 2 2 4bn-´p-≠v. ]©m-cn, ]m≠n F∂o taf-߃°v ]pd- 4. AS¥ 4 56sa, sNº-S, Nº, AS-¥, A©-S-¥, {[phw F∂o (1) 8 4 8 8 4 8taf- ß ƒ S- ∏ p- ≠ v. taf- ß ƒ Xmfw- ] n- S n- (2) 4 2 4 4 2 4 8°p∂hn[hpw Imehpw A£-cIm-ehpw Xmsg hnh- - - (3) 5 5 2 2cn-°p-∂p. (4) 3 5tafw Imew A£-c-Imew 5. Nº 4 80 (1) 8 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 161. sNºS 4 64 (2) 4 2 2 2 2 4 8 8 8 (1) 8 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 16 (3) 8 4 8 (2) 4 2 2 2 2 4 8 8 (4) 4 2 3 (3) 8 8 6. ]©mcn 5 96 (4) 6 2 (1) 8 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 162. {[phw 3 56 (2) 4 2 2 2 2 4 8 8 8 8 (1) 8 4 4 8 8 8 16 (3) 8 4 4 8 (2) 4 2 2 4 8 8 (4) 4 2 2 4 (3) 6 8 (5) 63. A©-S¥ 4 64 (1) 8 4 4 8 8 4 4 8 16 taf-߃°v CS-°-emiw FSp-°p-hm≥ 8 A£-c- (2) 4 2 2 4 4 2 2 4 8 Im-ehpw, Imew amdp-hm≥ 16 A£-cIm-ehpw D≠m- - bn-cn-°pw. ]gp-hn¬ cLp-am-cm¿ :˛ bph-X-e-ap-d-bnse taf-I-em-Im-c-∑m-cn¬ ap≥]-¥n-bn¬ n¬°p-∂p. {]i- kvX-amb nc-h[n taf-߃°v ]s¶-Sp-°p-Ibpw {]amWw hln-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. A¥n-°mSv t£{X- hm-Zy-I-em-k-an-Xn-bnse {][m Kpcp-m-Y≥. nc-h[n injy-k-º-Øp≈ hy‡n. mqbªcXiä oeãkav MjCcÖh¥! ImWn°bnS¬ {][mw SnâebqóbgX ckjbfäTgofbmX ceùlceCx lecjXkgä~j ùMrOqîMem£ebfsv jeùlfãfw aìùlèfvg hgJaèsTBgÿgúfTgÿlx. DnRejYtóflveã ipbrjszÜ cgkäfw beoõaIe- ó~ägsë Dkêëfaãesë SBgÿgúgÿ Yibevx keCfTãqh¥fTgÿlx GÑfóxë kejõmeíõ- èfvx Gèccsùl. SBgÿúfh¥x aìùlèfvkèx ùhabMfTgaêeW Y©pv~WTx keCf- Tãqh¥fTgbevgú mdkjõX GçeãfjfTgÿleCx. mqbªenRejYtóflveãf SBgÿúgÿ Yi- besv kQkgäfqsT oqMfòªx keCfTãqh¥fòªx mdYeiõX avëgbez Y©pv~WTx bqóèf- snejg ùhebMõX ceùlX kfögÿ DbmjceCflx. 59
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 Ipdpw Ipg¬ v Iogq´v µ≥ v kwKoXw A]n kmlnXyw tXo®-I-fpsS i_vZw, sh≈w HgpIp-tºm-gp≈ kc-kzXym kvX-Zzbw If-If i_vZw, arK-ß-fpsS hnhn[ i_vZ-߃ GIw B]mZ a[pcw Ch-sb√mw Ah-s‚ kwKo-Xm-kzm-Z--ti-jn-sb AyZmtemN-m-arXw {Ia-ambn hf¿Øn-sIm-≠p-h∂p. apjy akvXn-jvI- - kwKoXw F{X Bkz- Z n- ® mepw aXn- h - c n- Øns‚ hf¿®-bpsS tXmX-p-k-cn®v a[p-c-kz-c-s√∂pw, kmlnXyw F{X Btem-Nn-®mepw aXn-h- ߃ tI´m-kz-Zn-°m-p≈ Ignhpw hf¿∂p-h-∂p.cn-s√-∂p-amWv ]WvUnX aXw. Pohn-tXm-]m-[n-Iƒ kºm-Zn-°m-p≈ Iq´mb AXn¬ kwKo-Xm-[njvTnX Xmf-hm-Zy-amb {]h¿Ø--߃°nS-bn¬ Bi-b-hn-n-abw S-Øp-Ipdpw-Ip-g-en-s-°p-dn®v Fs‚ Kpcp-m-Ypw Ipdpw- hm≥ `mj D¤-hn®p hnI-kn-®-p-. AXp-t]mseIp- g ¬ hnZzm- p- a mb {iosImºØv Ip´-≥]-Wn-°¿Ah¿I-fpsS Ap-hm-ZtØm- -Spw, Bio¿∆m-ZtØm-Spw-IqSn -Rm≥ Fs‚ Adn-hp-sh®vIpd®v hmN-I-߃ ChnsSIpdn-°-s´. kwlm-c-cq-]-mb `K-hm≥ ]c-a-in-hs‚ XXv]p-cpjw F∂ apJ-Øp-n∂vBWv hmbp D¤- h n- ® - X v .hmbp-hn¬ n∂v Ipg¬ apX-emb kpjn-chm-Zy-߃ D¤- -hn®p F∂mWv `c- X - a pnmSy-im-kv{X-Øn¬ {]Xn-]m-Zn-®n-´p-≈-Xv. AXn-{]m-No--Imew apX¬°p-Xs∂ i_vZ- PohnX t¢i-߃ kln®v Iq´mb A≤zm-Øns‚ -ß-fp-tSbpw `mh-lm-hm-Zn-I-fp-tSbpw klm-b-tØm- ^e-am-bn-´mWv ap-jys‚ kwKo-X-]-c-amb Ign-Sp-IqSn Bi-b-{]-I-Sw S-Øm≥ ap-jy≥ ]Tn®p hp-Ifpw hf¿∂p hnI-kn-®-Xv. ssZh {]oXn-°p-Ign-™n-cp-∂p. ap-jy-i-co-c-Øn-p-≈n¬ Xs∂- th≠n BZna ap-jy¿ S-Øn-h∂ ]qPm-I¿Ω-bp≈ lrZ-bw, izmk-tImiw F∂o Ah-b-h-ß- ß-fpsS ]›m-Ø-e-Øn-emWv {]mIrX kwKoXfpsS {Iaw sX‰msXbp≈ New Ahv Xmf- D]-I-cW-߃ D¤-hn-®-Xv.t_m-[-Øn-p≈ BZy-]m-T-߃ ¬In-bn-cp-∂p. DZm:˛ ]m°-m¿ sXøw ˛ CXn¬ D]-tbm- AXp- t ]mseXs∂ {]Ir- X n- b n¬ n∂pw Kn-°p∂ hmtZym]-I-c-W-߃ sN≠, c≠p-acwAh-≥ ntXy tIƒ°p∂ i_vZ-߃, AXm- (CWacw) Ipg¬ F∂nhbmWv. Cu Ipg-envbXv Im‰ns‚ a¿Ω-c-i-_vZw, ]£n-I-fpsS i_vZw, A©p kz-c-ÿm--߃ am{X-am-Wp-≈-Xv. CXns‚ 60
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010]g°w C∂p Pohn-®n-cn-°p∂h¿°v Adn-bp-I-bp- ]©m- c n- t afØnv 96 A£- c - I m- e - a mWvan-√. kma-KmL´-Øn-emWv CXns‚ D¤hw F∂p ]d-bs∏Sp-∂p.F∂p- t hWw Ap- a m- n- ° m≥. hmbp- h ns‚ Cu A£-c-Imew IW-°m°n Iem-i-ßfpwKXnbpw, ssIhn-cep-IfpsS Ne-hpw, {]Ir-Xn-bn¬ - - hcp-∂p. aq∂v aWn-°q¿ taf-Ønv Cu {]{Inbn∂p-h∂ kwKo-Xhpw ka-z-bn-∏n® Hcp hmZy- D]-tbm-Kn-°m≥ km[n°pw F∂mWv Fs‚ nK-hn-ti-j-amWv Ipdpw-Ip-g¬. CuPn]vXv apX-emb a-w.cmPy-ß-fn¬ I≠p-h-cp∂ (Wm-bv) F∂ jl-Wmbv, apJ-hoW, a[p-I-cn, aucn-ap-J-cn, aIpSn Ch ]©m-cn-tafw Ime-an´v ne-˛-X-°n-´-˛-Ip-g-a-dn-Ipdpw-Ip-g-ens‚ BZn-cq-]-ß-fm-Wv. b¬ F∂p ]d-bp-∂p. Xm{¥nI hn[n-{]-Im-c-ap≈ I¿Ω-߃°v ]Xn-Imew:˛Hgn®p- I q- S m- m- h m- Ø - h - b mWv Xmf- h m- Z y- ß ƒ. ne 4 Iem-ihpwChsb hmZ--˛-n¿ΩmW coXnsb ASn-ÿm-- X°n´ 4 Iem-ihpwam°n Ah--≤w, XXw, Lw, kpjncw F∂n- Ipgadn-b¬ 4 Iem-ihpwßs membn XcwXncn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. CXn¬ tIc- c≠m-Imew }fob t£{X-hm-Zy-߃ am{Xw D]-tbm-Kn-®p≈ tIc- Dcpƒ tIm¬ 2 Iem-ihpwf-Øns‚ Xncp-ap¬°mgvN-bmb taf-Øn¬ Ah-- CS-I-em-i-߃ 4 Iem-ihpw 12≤-L--kp-jnc hmZy-߃ D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂p-≠v. Ipg-a-dn-b¬ 6 Iem-ihpw tafsØ kw_- ‘ n- ® n- S - t Ømfw CXnse aq∂mw Imew }kpjnchmZy-amb Ipdpw-Ip-g-env apJy-ÿmw DcpƒtIm¬ 3 Iem-ihpwXs∂- b p- ≠ v . Hcp tafw XpS- ß p- t ºmƒ kab CS-I-emiw 6 Iem-ihpw 18ssZ¿Lyhpw Iem-i-ßfpw ¢n]vX-s∏-Sp-Øp∂Xv Ipg-a-dn-b¬ 9 Iem-ihpwtaf-{]-am-Wnbpw Ipdpw-Ip-g¬ {]am-Wnbpw tN¿∂m-Wv. {]amWn F∂p-]dbp-tºmƒ taf-Ønv 100 t]cp- - - memw Imew }s≠-¶n¬ Ah-cpsSsb√mw mb-IXzw (ap-Jy-ÿm- DcpƒtIm¬ 4 Iem-ihpww) taf {]am-Wn-°mWv. AXn-p-]p-dsa Ap-kmcn CS-I-emiw 8 Iem-ihpw 24hmZy-߃°pw {][m mb-IXzw ¬In-s°m≠v Ipg-a-dn-b¬ 12 Iem-ihpwAh¿°pw AhcpsS ISa n¿∆-ln-t°-≠-Xp-≠v. A©mw Imew }DZm:˛ hewXe sN≠ (ho-°w) {]am-Wn, Ipdpw-Ip- DcpƒtIm¬ 5 Iem-ihpwg¬ {]am-Wn, Ce-Ømf {]amWn, sImºv {]amWn. CS-I-emiw 10 Iem-ihpw 30{]amWw n¬°p- ∂ h- c psS hgn- I - f n¬°qSn Ipg-a-dn-b¬ 15 Iem-ihpwam{Xsa a‰p-≈-h¿ k©-cn-°m-dp-≈q. C∂p-I-≠p-h-cp∂ Nne hn{In-b-Isf Bkzm-Z-I¿ hna¿in- Fs‚ IW-°p-Iq-´en¬ aq∂p-a-Wn-°q¿ ka-°mdpw D≠v. {]am-Wn-bpsS C—-bv°-p-k-cn®v b-{I-ao-I-cWw Ap-k-cn®v F√m-t£-{X-ß-fnepw{]h¿Øn-t°-≠Xv Iq´-Øn-ep-≈hcpsS IS-abmWv. - - - 96 Iemiw FSp-Øp ]©m-cn-tafw sIm´p-∂p-≠v.AXp-sIm-≠mWv Hcp Ipdpw-Ip-g¬ hnZzmv ]q¿Æ- AXp-t]mse ]m≠n-ta-f-Øns‚ Xncv aq∂v{X-bo-is‚ k∂n-[n-bn¬ sh®v almcmPm-hns‚ Xmf-h-´-߃ IqSp-tºmƒ Hcp FSp-ØSn hcp-∂pIøn¬ n∂v ]´pw hfbpw hmßm≥ km[n-®-Xv. F∂p-]-d-bs∏-Sp-∂p. Cu ASn hcp∂ ka-bØv tafsØ∏‰n B[n-Im-cn-I-ambn As√-¶nepw am{Xta Iem-in-°m≥ ]‰p-Ibp≈p F∂mWv hnizm- -Kpcp Imc-W-h-∑m¿ ]d-™p-X-∂-Xns‚ ASn-ÿm- kw. Fs‚ IW-°p-Iq-´en¬ taf-Ønv kpµ-c`mhw - -Øn¬ Npcp°n ]d-bmw. In´m≥ Xocv ssZ¿Lyw aq∂v F∂p-≈Xv 4 B°n 61
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 20105˛¬ FSp-°p-∂p. dmbn. 13 Dcp´v sN≠, _m°n Ap-kmcn hmZy- ߃, F√mw D≠v. sNºS XpSßn. Dcp´p sN≠- ]m≠n-ta-f-Øn¬ Xncv Iem-i-߃ FhnsS bpsS apºn¬ Hcp hcn ho°w sN≠! CXp-I-≠-thW- s a- ¶ nepw FSp- ° m- h p- ∂ - X m- W v . ""FhnsS t∏mƒ Hcp AXn-ibw (Im-Wm-ØXv ImWp-tºmƒthW-sa-¶nepw F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xn¬ sX‰n-≤-cn- F∂p ]d-bp∂Xmhpw icn) Rm≥ ]d™p ""CXv°-cpXv. F√m-‰npw Hcp ASn-ÿmw Nn´-s∏-Sp-Øn- Ipg¬°m¿ n¬°p∂ ÿe- a mWv , ""n߃bn-´p-≠v. Nne-ÿ-e-ß-fn¬ ]m≠n-bpsS Xocv aq∂v ]n∂n-emWv n¬t°-≠Xv. At∏mƒ Ah¿°v amdn- -Ign™v men¬ FSp°Ww; As√- ¶ n¬ n¬°m≥ Hcp _p≤n-ap´v D≈-Xp-t]msetXm∂n.A©ntem Bdntem FSp-°m≥ km[n-°n√ F∂p- Rm≥ BZy-ambn t]mIp∂ ÿe-amWv F¶nepwthWw Icp-Xm≥. Nne-ÿ-e-ß-fn¬ taf-{]-amWn ]cn-]mSn Ign™v Rm≥ {]amWn sN≠-°m-c-tmSvIpg¬ {]am-Wn-tbmSv ]dbpw: ""Rm≥ nh¿∂m¬ CXn-s-∏‰n tNmZn®t∏mƒ At±lw ]d-™Xvam{Xw n߃ nh¿∂m¬ aXn F∂v. ]te-SØpw ""R߃ h¿j-Øn¬ 10 Znh-k-amWv CXv D]-tbm- Kn-°p-∂Xv; ho°w sN≠{]am-Wn-bpsS ÿmw ap≥]n- e mWv F∂mWv [mc- W . F¶nepw Hcp Imcyw ]d-bmw. aq∂p aWn-°q¿ tafw ∂mbn ssIImcyw sNøm≥ Ah¿ {]m]v X - c mWv . ASpØ sIm√w apX¬ t]cn-p-am{Xw Hcp ho°w sN≠ apºn¬ Hc‰Øp n¬°p∂ NS-ßp-am{X- am-bn. Ipdpw-Ip-g¬ taf-Øn-se-∂t]mse a‰p Nne-{]- - [m t£{XNS-ßp-Iƒ°pw {]tbm-Kn-°p-∂p-≠v. Ap-jTm ]©-hm-Zy-Øn¬ Ipdpw-Ip-genv apJy- v - ÿmw D≠m-bn-cp∂p. ]pXnb Is≠-Øep-Ifn-eq- - - sSbpw ]cn-jv°-c-W-Øn-eq-sSbpw Ct∏mƒ B ÿmw jvS-s∏´p F¶nepw Nne ÿe-ß-fn¬ ]gb Hm¿Ω Ct∏mgpw ne-n¬°p-∂p≠v. DZm:˛ Xr{]-bm¿ {iocmat£{X-Øn¬ ]©-hm-Zy-Ønv8 apX¬ 12 hsc FSp-Øn-´p≠v F∂mWv Adnh.v C∂pw Ipdpw-Ip-g¬ ]te-SØpw D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂p-≠.vFs¥mcp IjvSw! taf-Øns‚ KXn-tISv F∂p- ap≥Im-e-ß-fn¬ CSbv°{]Z-£n-W-Øn¬thWw ]d-bm≥. Ipdpw-Ip-g¬ hmbn-®v cmK-hn-kvXm-c-߃ D≠m-bn- AXp-t]mseXs∂ AS-¥-tafw memw-Im- cp∂p F∂pw, ""ncyXn Zn°n¬ (sX-°v Ing-°v)e-Øns‚ Xncv aq∂v Xmf-h´w Ign™v men¬ hmbn-°p∂ cmKw ""Iman-n-a-Wn-bn¬ ""am¿Øm-nh¿∂n-cn-°Ww. GI-tZiw F√m ÿe-ß-fnepw WvU-_m-c-tZ-hm F∂ Io¿Øw thWw F∂pwAßns Xs∂- b mWv ; kwi- b - a n√. F¶nepw ]≠p≈ {]K-¤¿ ]d™v tI´n-´p-≠v. Aßn-s-hS°p `mK- ß - f n¬ taf- Ø ns‚ Xncp- I - e miw sb-¶n¬, Cu Zn°n¬ rØ-Ønv {]m[m-y-ap-FhnsSbpw FSp-°p-sa-¶nepw, 5˛-epw, 6˛-epw, 7˛epw s≠∂pw, `K-hm≥ Ahn-sS-bmWv rØw sNøp-hsc nh-cp-∂p-≠v. AXpw Hcp ASn-ÿm--amWv; ∂Xv F∂pwthWw Ap-am-n-°m≥.AXn¬ ap°v X¿°n-°m≥ Ah-Im-i-an-√. t£{XNS-ßp-I-fn¬ {][m--s∏´ `mK-amb Rm≥ BZy- a mbn Hcp ÿeØv ]cn]m- Ipdpw-Ip-g¬ ]‰npw {]m[m-y-ap≠v. Xriq¿ Pn√-Sn°pt]mbn. tafw XpS-ßm≥ F√m-hcpw Xøm- bn¬ ]mXn-tIm-´p-Imhp t£{X-Øn¬ 30 h¿j-ambn 62
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010aWvUe ImeØv Zo]m-cm-[-bv°p Ipg¬]‰mWv Ipdpw-Ip-g¬ ]‰nv m´-cm-K-Øn¬ cmK-hn-hmbn- ° p- ∂ - X v . Ipg¬°m¿ n¬°p∂ ÿew kvXmcw SØn, ]n∂oSv GXv cmK-Øn-emtWmtkm]m- - h pw. At∏mƒ Cu D]- I - c WsØ ]‰v DuXp-hm≥ Dt±-in-°p-∂Xv B cmKw IqSntkm]m--hmZyw F∂p ]d-bp-∂p. IqSn-bm´w, aØ- hnkvX-cn®v, ]‰n-te°v IS-°p-∂p. km[m-c-W-bmbnhn-emkw IqØv F∂n-h-bnepw Ipdpw-Ip-g¬ Hgn®p Imwt_mPn, ss`chn, F∂ocm-K-ßfn-emWv ]‰vIqSm≥hømØ D]-I-c-W-am-Wv. DuXm-dp-≈Xv. ]‰nv Imew CS¬ ]√-hn, Ap-]- Ipdpw- I p- g ¬]‰v F√m t£t{Xm- ’ - h - ß - √hn, NcWw, GIw F∂n-ß-s-bm-Wv.fnepw D≠v F¶nepw k‘y-th-ebv°v D≈ Ipdpw- GI- X m- f - Ø n¬ a≤y- a m- h - X n- c mKw hmbn-Ip-g¬]‰v F√m D’-h-ß-fnepw ImWp-∂n-√. ®mWv ]‰v Ah-km-n-°p-∂-Xv. kab ssZ¿Lyw Xriq¿ Pn√-bnse F√m t£t{Xm-’-h-ß- Ap-k-cn®v Ap-]-√hn Ign™v ]©m-cn-Iqdpwfnepw hnf-°nv Fgp-∂-≈n-®m¬ hnf-°m-Ncw DXm-dp-≠v.Ign™v tIfn, Ipg¬]‰v F∂n-ßs-bmWv. Ipg¬ - IqdpwIpg¬]‰nv ]°-ta-f-ambn sN≠bpw]‰ns‚ Ah-kmw sNº-S-sIm´n ]©m-cn-ta-f- sXm∏n-a-±-fhpw, Xmfambn Ce-Øm-fhpw, {ipXnØn¬ XpSßn, AS¥ sIm´n apdn-b-S-¥-bn¬IqSn Ipgepw D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂p ({ipXn Ipg¬ C∂v A{]-sNº-S-bn¬ Ah-km-n-°p-∂p. Xy-£-ambn.) sI. µ-Ip-am¿ :˛ Iogq´v Ia-em£n AΩ-bp-sSbpw, NmØ-∏Øv DÆn-Ir-jvW≥ mb-cp-sSbpw aI- mbn 1967-˛¬ P-w. BZy-]mTw A—s‚ ASp-Øv. XpS¿∂v Ipdpw-Ip-g¬ BNm-cy≥ ]√m-hq¿ ]pc- kv°mc tPXmhv sImºØv Ip´≥ ]Wn-°-cpsS in£-W-Øn¬. nc-h[n tatfm-’-h-ß-fn¬ {]amWw hln-®n-´p-≠v. nc-h[n ]pc-kv°m-c-ßfpw e`n-®n-´p-≠v. ]md-ta-°mhv kph¿Æ ap{Z, Imhn¬ hnP-b≥ amcm¿ kph¿Æ ap{Z, cma-aw-Kew s]cpw Xrt°m-hn¬ t£{X kph¿Æ ap{Z, ]p√q¿ hmZy-I-em-tI{µw kph¿Æ ap{Z, apwss_ tIfn-bpsS t{]man-knßv B¿´nÃv ]pc-kv°mcw XpS-ßnb Ah-bn¬ Nne-Xp- am-{Xw. `mcy _nµp, a°ƒ {]nb, Bc-Xn. mqbªcXiä oeãkav MjCcÖh¥! ImWn°bnS¬ {][mw SnâebqóbgX ckjbfäTgofbmX ceùlceCx lecjXkgä~j ùMrOqîMem£ebfsv jeùlfãfw aìùlèfvg hgJaèsTBgÿgúfTgÿlx. DnRejYtóflveã ip- brjszÜ cgkäfw beoõaIeó~ägsë Dkêëfaãesë SBgÿgúgÿ Yibevx keCfTãqh¥fTgÿlx GÑfóxë kejõmeíõèfvx Gèccsùl. SBgÿúfh¥x aìùl- èfvkèx ùhabMfTgaêeW Y©pv~WTx keCfTãqh¥ f Tgbevgú mdkjõX GçeãfjfTgÿleCx. mqbªenRejYtóflveãf SBgÿúgÿ Yibesv kQkgäfqsT oqMfòªx keCfTãqh¥fòªx mdYeiõX avëgbez Y©pv~WTx bqóèfsnejg ùhebMõX ceùlX kfögÿ DbmjceCflx. 63
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 hmZy-tem-IØv sImºns‚ ÿmw v HmS-bv°men apcfn v `mh, cmK, Xmf kΩn-fn-Xamb `p{]-tZ-iamWv - - eXpw hcpw. taf-Ønpw ]©-hm-Zy-Ønpw sImgp-`mc-Xw. ChnsS hoip∂ Im‰n-p-t]mepw Xmf-ap- t∏-Ip∂ sImºn¬ n∂p ]c-s∂m-gp-Ip∂ i_vZ-≠v. ]X-s™m-gp-Ip∂ Im´m-dnv kwKo-Xhpw, P¥p- - am-[pcn H∂mwXcw Xs∂. AXns‚ `wKn-bm-WvPm-e-ß-f-S-°-ap≈ A¥-co-£-Ønv nb-X-amb Iq´n-s°m-´p-Iƒ°v ]I-cp∂ angn-hv. Ae-b-Sn-®p-b-`mhhpw ne-n¬°p-∂p. CXv Cu `q{]-tZ-iØns‚ - cp∂ kpµ-cIem-i߃°v rØw-Nhn-´p∂ Bkzm- - - - -[y-Xsb kqNn-∏n-°p-∂p. tZh-`q-an-bmb ChnsS Z-Isc lcw-sIm-≈n-°p-∂Xv sImºns‚ {ipXn-n-ne-n-∂n-cp∂ kwkv°m-c-Øns‚ tijn∏v Ign- d™ kwKo-Xam-Wv. cmP-Iob hnfw-_-c-߃°v™m¬ H∂mWv hmZy-]-≤-Xn-Iƒ. D]- t bm- K n- ® n- c p∂ Cu hmtZym- ] - I - c WØnpw XnI®pw kwKo-Xm-fl-I-amb hmtZym-]-I-c-W- Imem-¥-c-Øn¬ F√m-‰npw h∂-am-‰-߃t]mse,amWv sImºv. AXn-]p-cm-XImew apX¬ CXv ne- - - am‰-߃ h∂p. HmSn¬ n¿Ωn® sImºv aq∂v Xpey- `m-K-ß fm°n Iq´n-bn-W-°n-bmWv D]- t bm- K n- ° p- ∂ - X v. Ime- ߃°pap≥]v "Xnancn sImºv ne- n-∂n-cp-∂p. C∂v AXn¬n∂pw am‰w-h-cpØn "`mcnbn¬ Xo¿Ø- sIm-ºmWv D]-tbm-Kn-®p-h-cp∂Xv. ]e-bn-SØpw CXns‚ ]Wn-°m¿ D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. AsX√mw ]g-¶-Y-I- fmbn. t]cm-aw-Kew sImºmWv KpW- Øn¬ apº≥ F∂mWv ]ecpw A`n- {]m-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. F∂m¬ cma-aw- Kew t£{X-Øn¬ H‰s°mºv (C- g-∏n-√mØXv) D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. CXv C∂v D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂n-√. Fd- W m- I pfw Pn√- b nsen¬°p-∂p. `mK-hXw IY-bn¬ ]d-™p-tIƒ°p∂ ""mb-tØmSn¬ Hcp ImeØv sImºv Iem-Im-c-IY-Iƒ CXn-p-Zm-l-c-W-am-Wv. tKm]m-e-mb ∑m¿ [mcmfw D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. AXn¬ {]i-kvXcpw{ioIrjv W `K- h ms‚ Iøn¬ Imen- t °m- e pw, injy¿ [mcm-f-ap≈ BNm-cy-∑mcpw Dƒs∏-´n-cp∂p.sImºp-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Iq´p-Im¿°v Adn-bn-∏p-Iƒ FS-bm-°pSn thep-∏-Wn-°¿, ssh∏n≥ mcm-b-W-ssIam-dp∂Xnv Cßnssbmcp D]-I-cWw ne- ∏-Wn-°¿, cma≥m-b¿, cmhpÆn∏Wn-°¿ XpS-hn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. arK-ß-fpsS sImºv cq]-s∏-Sp- ßnb {]i-kvX¿°v ]n∂mse sNß-a-mSv A∏p-Øn-b-Xm-bn-cp∂p Cu hmZyw. C∂v t£{X-hm-Zy- m-b¿, HmS-bv°men ]pcp-j≥ mb¿, bi:»co-c-߃°nS-bn¬ FÆ-s∏´ Hcp hmtZym-]-I-c-W-amb cmb sNß-a-m´v i¶-c≥, ]md-°-Shv A∏p XpS-sImºn¬ n∂v C∂- i-_vZta hcq F∂n-√. kI- ßnb henb nc-Xs∂ cq]w-sIm-≠p. mb-tØm- 64
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010Spw, HmS-bv°m-en-bnepw sImºv Iem-Im-c-∑m¿ Iq´m-n√ F∂p-]-d-bpw-t]msebmWv sImºns‚C∂pw Gsd-bp-≠v. ]t£ Cu sXmgn-en¬ A¿∏- ÿm-hpw. Ime-߃ AXv sXfn-bn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-W-t_m-[-ap-≈-h¿ Ipd-™p-h-cp-∂p- F∂Xv ZpxJ- ∂p. ap≥Im-e-ß-fn¬ sImºns‚ FÆw Ipd-hmbn-I-c-amb kXy-am-Wv. A≤zmw Gsd-bpw, {]Xn-^- cp∂p. C∂v Xriq¿]qc-Øn-sms° c≠v nc-bmbne-w Ipdhp-am-b-Xn-m¬ bphm-°ƒ Cu Ie-bn¬ n∂mWv {]tbm-Kw.n∂v AI-em≥ XpS-ßn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. sImºp-Im-c-pw, Xmf-°m-cpw Xcn-ºn-p- {Xnÿmw (k,-],-k) DuXn-bmWv ]Tw t]mepw hn{i-a-an-√. B h∂m¬ t]mIpw-hscXpS-ßp-∂-Xv. sNº-S-bn¬ hmbvØmcn sNm√n sImºp-Im-c≥ Pm{K-X ]men°Ww. a‰p-]e Iem-]Tn®v DuXn sXfn-bp-I-bmWv ]TcoXn. sImºv Im-c-∑mcpw √-{]-Xn-^-e-hp-ambn Xncn-®p-t]m-hp-]‰mWv BZysØ ¢mkp-I-fn¬. AS¥, A©-S¥ tºmƒ, sImºp-Im-c≥ Dugw ImØp-n¬°p-I-bm-XpS-ßnb Xmf-ØnemWv _m°n-`m-K-߃. ]‰qXm- hpw.dm-bm¬ ]ns∂ taf-hpw, ]©-hm-Zyhpw tI´pw- hnhn[ {]tZ-i-ß-fn¬ sImºns‚ ]c-ºcI≠pw ]Tn-°Ww; CXm-Wv ne-hnep≈ ssien. ne-n¬°p-∂p-s≠-¶nepw,ssi-en-Ifn¬ sNdn-b-]©-hm-Zy-Øn-epw, sImºp-]-‰n-ep-amWv atm-[¿a- am‰w am{X- t a- b p- ≈ q. ]mc- º - c y- I - e - I ƒ C∂v{]-ISØnp km[yX Gsd-bpw. ]m≠n-ta-fØnv - - - - GXm≠v AkvX-an-°m-dm-bn. kz¥w a°sf CuNne-`m-Kßfn¬ atm-[¿Ω {]tbm-K-km-[y-X-bp- cwK-Øn-d-°m≥ ]ecpw aSn-Im-Wn-°p-∂p. Ie-bp-≠v. Htc Hcp hmZyw-sIm≠v Hcp t£{X-Ie Ah- ambn Cd-ßn-Øn-cn-°p-∂-hv kaq-l-Øn¬ henbX-cn-∏n-°m≥ ]‰p-sa-¶n¬ AXv sImºp-]‰m-Wv. Xmf- - hne-sbm-∂p-an-√. HcpXcw ]p—-amWv ]e¿°pw.°m-cv sNdn-b-[¿Ω-ta-bp-≈q. ne-hn¬ 40 ann- Fs¥ms°bmbmepw ]cn-]m-Sn-I-gn™v ]ncn-bp-‰p-hsc ]‰qXmw. AXn-e-[n-I-am-bm¬ Ac-ßp-ap-jn- tºmƒ, ""∂m-bot´m F∂ A`n--µw Xs∂®n-ep-≠m-hmw. a- n¬ Ipfn¿tIm-cpw. G‰hpw henb ]pc-kv°m- sImºnv Hcp Ap-km-cn-hmZyw F∂ ne- c-߃ In´p-∂-Xnepw hep-Xm-Wv CØcw hm°p-bv°mWv ÿm-sa-¶nepw AXnv A¿l-amb hne- Iƒ. ]√m-hq¿ ]pc-kv°m-c-Ønv Ip´≥]-Wn-°-cm-I¬∏n-°p-∂-h-cpap-≠v. sImºns‚ Nph-´n¬ n∂v ims (Ip-g¬ Iem-Im-c≥) Xnc-s™-Sp-sØ-∂-taf-hpw, ]©-hm-Zyhpw aXn-a-d-∂m-kz-Zn-°p-∂-h¿ hm¿Ø Gsd kzmK-Xm¿lw-X-s∂. ImcWw Ap-hnc- f - a - √ . kwKo- X - k m- { µ- a mb Ap- ` qXn km- c n- h m- Z y- ß ƒ°v _lp- a Xn In´p- I - s b- ∂ XvsImºn¬n∂p AS¿∂p-ho-gp-∂p-≠v. ""D∏n-emØ n m-c-Im-cy-a-√t√m?. HmS-bv°men apcfn :˛ tIc-f-Ønse sImºp-hm-Z-I-cn¬ {]K-¤≥. nc-h[n taf-߃°pw ]©-hm- Zy-߃°pw {]amWw hln-°p-∂p. nc-h[n injy-k-º-Øp≈ {io. apcfn a[y-tI-c-f-Ønse sImºv hmZy- Øns‚ h‡m-hm-Wv. t£{X ho-I-cW b⁄ ]¶m-fnØ ^e-{ipXn t£{X n¿ΩmW {]h¿Ø- - ß - f n¬ [- k - a ¿∏Ww S- Ø n- b m¬ Ign™ Ggv P∑- ß - f n- t ebpw hcp∂ Ggp- P - ∑ - ß - f n- t ebpw ]m]w C√m- X m- I p- s a∂v sshjv W h kwln-X-Iƒ ]d-bp-∂p. 65
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 Ce-Øm-f-Øns‚ kwKoXw v sI.-F. inh-Zmkv h¿Ω v L-hm-Zy-amb Ce-Øm-fØn¬ kwKo-Xtam? - Cd-ßn-s®-∂mte ""Ce-ØmfØns‚ amkva-cn-I-]ecpw s‰n-Np-fn-t®-°mw. {]tXy-In®pw kwKoX kw-KoXssh`hw Xncn-®-dn-bm-m-hq.]mc-º-cy-Øn¬ Du‰w-sIm-≈p∂ a‰p Z£n-tW- kwKoX aWvU-]-ß-fp-tSbpw mS-I-im-e-I-¥y≥ kwÿm--ß-fnse Iem-a¿Ω-⁄¿. tIc-f- fp-tSbpw ]cn-an-Xn-Iƒ°-∏pdw Iq‰≥ ""B-∏≈Ønv X-Xmb Hcp kwKo-X-]m-c-º-cyw-t]mepw aXn-ep-I-fm¬ Np‰-s∏´ hnim-e-amb t£{Xm-¶-W-Cs√∂v Dss®kvXcw tLm-jn-®p- -S-°p-∂-h¿ ß-fn¬ Bbpw Aºm-cnbpw ¬Ip∂ kz¿K-k-Adn-bm-Ø, Ah¿°v {Kln-°m≥ I-gn-bm-Ø, tIc- am-amb Zriy-hn-kvabØn-s‚bpw, Nn{X-kam-amb - - - - -f-Øn-p-am{Xw kz¥-amb Hcp hmZy-Iem{]ÿm-- tKm]p-c-ß-fp-tSbpw ]›m-Ø-e-Øn¬ am{Xw Ah-Øns‚ temI-kw-Ko-X-th-Zn-bn-te-°p≈ hne-a-Xn- X-cn-∏n-°m≥ Ign-bp∂ Cu ""sIm´p-I-t®cnIfnse°m-m-hmØ kw`m-h--bs{X ""taf-߃ F∂ ""Xmf-h´ßsf tIm¿Øn-W-°p∂ {ia-I-c-ambsIm´p-I-t®-cn-Iƒ. ZuXy-amWv Ce-Øm-f-Øn-p-≈-Xv. Xmf- ß ƒ ""A£- c - I m- e - ß ƒ B°n- ""_otYmht‚X-S°w temIsØ at‰-sXmcps°m≠v kpjn-chm-Zy-ßfmb sImºn-tbpw Ipdpw- - - ""Symphonytbbpw ]n∂n-em-°p∂ Cu sIm´p-I-Ip-g-en-tbpw AI-º-Sn-°m-cm°n ΩpsS ]q¿∆n- t®-cnIfpsS hnim-e-amb Iym≥hmkv Xs∂-bmWvI¿ sa-s™-SpØ taf-ß-fpsS Bflm-hn-te°v Cu Xmf-hm-Zy-hr-µ-Øns‚ km≤y-X-bpw. kam-- X-I-fn-√mØ Cu Xmf-°-t®-cn-I-fpsS khn-ti-j- X-Iƒ nc-h-[n-bm-Wv. t£{X- a - X n¬°- I Øv s‰n- ∏ - ´ w- s I- ´ n- n¬°p∂ KPho-c-∑m¿°v ap∂n¬ `K-hms‚ X¶- Øn-Sºns‚ Fgp-∂-≈n-∏nv AI-º-Sn-bm-bn-am-{Xw Ah-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp∂ taf-߃ F∂ Xmf-°-t®- cnIƒ°v 120-˛¬]cw Iem-Im-c-∑m¿ ""tKm]p-cm- IrXnbn¬ nc-°p∂ ImgvN-Xs∂ A¤p-X-ap- W¿Øp-∂p. ]Xn-©v sImºp-Imcpw Ah¿°v ap∂n-embn ]Xn-©v Ipdpw-Ip-g¬°mcpw. Ah¿°-`n-ap-J-ambn taf-Ønse {][m {i≤m-tI-{µ-ß-fmb CS-¥-e- °mcpw ]Xn-©v t]¿X-s∂-bp-≠mhpw. CXnv ]n∂n-em-bmWv 45 he-¥-e-°mcpw Ah¿°n-S-bn- embn tafsØ kwKo-X-a-b-am-°phm≥ 30 Ce-Øm- f-°mcpw Iq¿Ø tKm]p-cØns‚ BIr-Xn-bn¬ ne- - sIm-≈p-∂-Xv. taf-I-e-bpsS hnhn-[- X-´-I-ß-fn¬n∂pw hcp∂ Cu hmZy- I - e m- I m- c - ∑ m¿ Bdm- ´ p- ] pg 66
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010imkvXm-hns‚ Xncp--S-bnepw, s]cp-hw S-h-gn-bn-epw, Ip´-s-√q¿ t£{X-tKm-]p-cØnp ap∂n-epw, -]Xn--©m--Ifpw sXfn-™p-I-Øp∂ Xosh-´n-I-fpsS {]`- b pw- s Im≠v kz¿K- k - a m- - a m- I p∂{io]q¿Æ-{X-bo-is‚ aXn¬°-IØpw apd- sX-‰msX Hcp-jvTm--Øns‚ Znhy-tim-`-bv°p-≈n¬Bhm-ln®v Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p∂ ]©m-cn-ta-f-Øns‚kwKoX am[p- c y- Ø ns‚ t{kmX v ""Ce-ØmfØns‚ Iq´m-bva- X-s∂-bm-Wv. 96 A£- c - I m- e - Ø n¬ ]S¿∂v ]¥- e n®vn¬°p∂ hiy-a-tm-l-c-amb ]Xn-Im-e-Øn¬n-∂p-Xs∂ Ce-Øm-fØns‚ kzXzw shfn-s∏-Sp-Ibm- - -bn. Xcn-bn-´p-]n-Sn-°¬ F∂ arZp-kw-Ko-XØn-eqsS -XpS-ßp∂ Ce-Øm-f{]-tbmKw nebpw X°n-´bpw -IS∂v Ipg-adn-bp-tºm-tg°pw Aßn-ßmbn Ce-Øm- -f-߃ Db¿∂p- s]m-ßp-∂Xp-Im-Wmw. - Hmtcm- I-emiw ASp-°p-tºmgpw Du¿÷-kz-e-cmb Cu Iem-Im-c-∑m¿ ""Iq´n-∏n-Sn-°¬ F∂A¤p-X-{]-tbmK-Øn-eqsS t{imXm-°-fpsS knc-Isf {Xkn-∏n-°p-∂p. ]©m-cn-ta-f-Ønse Ce-Øm-f-Øns‚ ]n∂o-Sp≈ hiyX {]I-S-am-Ip-∂Xv ""CSn- t£{X-Ønse hr›n-tIm-’-h-Øn-em-Is´ CXnvtIm¬ {]tbmK-Øn-eqsS ap≥n-c-bnse ""CS-¥- ""Xncp-ap≥]n¬ taf-sa-∂mWv t]cv. cmP-`-c-W-Im-e-°m¿ tIƒhn-°msc tImƒa-bn¿ sIm-≈n-°p∂ eØv sIm®n-a-lm-cm-Pmhv tcn´v Fgp-∂≈n ]Sn-memw Ime-Øn-em-Wv. ]{¥-≠-£-c-Im-e-ap≈ ™mtd X´p-am-fn-I-bn¬ Ccp∂v ]©m-cn-bpsS Cu]©m-cn-ta-f-Øns‚ Cu am[p-cy-ta-dnb Ime-Øn¬ A©mw Imew Bkz-Zn-®n-cp-∂p-hs{X!2˛3 F∂o {Ia-Øn¬ Xpd-∂p-]n-Sn-°p-Ibpw, ]n∂oSv Ce-ØmfIem-Im-c-∑m¿ k¿∆-X-{¥-kz-X-{¥-2 XhW AS-®p- ]n-Sn-®-Xn-p-tijw Xpd-∂v]n-Sp- cmbn hnl-cn-°p∂ {ihy-kp-J{]-[m-am-bXpw Bdv - -Ø-tØmsS Xmf-h´w apgp-an-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ A£-cIm-eØn-ep≈ NSp-eßfmb Xmf-h´ßtfm- - - - - - - -memw Ime-Ønse ""he¥ebpsS lpw¶m-c- Sp-Iq-Sn-b-Xp-amb A©mw-Imew Bkz-Zn-°p-tºmƒ,am¿∂ i_v Z - h n- ym- k - ß sf Iq´n- b n- W - ° p∂ taf- c m- P - mb ]©mcn taf- Ø ns‚ am[pcywt¿Ø kz-X-{¥n-bmbn Ce-Ømfw amdp-∂p. apgphw Hcp -ssI-°p-S-∂-bn-em-hm-ln-®p-X-cp-∂-Xp- memw Ime-Øn¬ ""Ipg-a-dn-bp-∂-tXmsS t]m- s e- b p≈ Ap- ` q- X n- b mWv t{imXm- ° - f n¬Ce-Øm-f-°m-cn¬ Bth-iw- I-Øn-∏-S-cpIbm-bn. DW¿Øp-I. A©mw-Im-e-Øns‚ AXn-am-[q-cy-ASn-ÿm--Xm-f-Øns‚ Cg-]n-cn-®p≈ ""Iq´n-∏n-Sp- am¿∂ Dcp- f pssI Iem- i - ß ƒ XpS- ß p-Ø-Øns‚ kuµcyw ChnsS {]I-S-am-Wv. ""]Xn- tºmƒXs∂ Ce-Øm-f-°m¿ Xcn-bn-´p-]n-Sn-°-en-Imew Ign-™m¬ ]©m-cn-bnse hiy-a-tm-l-c- eq-sSbpw, Iq´n-∏n-Sn-°-en-eq-sSbpw Xß-fpsS kPo-Imew GsX∂ tNmZy- Ø nv ""A©mw- I mew h-km-∂n≤yw hnfw-ºcw sNøp-∂p.Xs∂-sb-∂mWv DØ-cw. FS°p∂n D{Xw -hn-f- tafw ""Ipg-a-dn-bp-∂-tXmsS, Ch-cpsS `mhw°nv A©mw-Im-eamWv G‰hpw ]Xn-™n-ebn¬ - - - amdp-I-bm-bn. Cu `m-h-am‰w {]I-S-ambn ImWp∂XpS-ßp-∂-Xv. Xr∏q-Wn-Øpd {io ]q¿Æ-{X-boi apJ-ß-fn¬ Nne-XmWv aWn-bw-]-d-ºn¬ aWn-bp- 67
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 Xcn- b n- ´ p- ] n- S n- ° p∂ Ce- Ø m- f - ß - f n¬ n∂pw ©n’ow ©n’ow ©n’ow ©n’ow...... F∂ kz¿Ko- b - k w- K oXw ImXp- I - f n¬ tX≥a- g - b mbn s]bvXn-d-ßp-∂p. AXn-n-S-bn¬ Nne hnZzm-∑m¿ Iq-´n-∏nSn°pI- Iq- S n- s N- ø p- t ºmƒ A£- c m¿∞- Ø n¬ tIƒhn- °m¿ kzbw-a-d∂v AXn¬ Aen-™p-tN-cp-∂p. CXn¬ Iem-i-߃ FSp-°p∂tXmsS ""Xmf-e- lcnbn¬ aØp-]n-Sn® Ce-Øm-f-°m¿ Ce-Øm-f- ߃ hmbp-hn¬ Npg‰n Iq´n-∏n-Sn-°-ens‚ amkva-c- h-ebw Xo¿°p-∂p. CXns‚ ASp-Ø- Im-e-Ønse Iem-i-ß-fn¬ Ce-Øm-f-Øns‚ kwKoXw NSp-e- X-bn-te°v IS-°p-∂-tXmsS t{imXm-°ƒ hmbp- hn-ep-b¿∂p s]mßp-I-bm-bn. Cu Xmf-It®-cn-bpsS, Cu Ce-Øm-fØn-s‚, - - kwKoX am[p-cy-Øns‚ ckm-p-`qXn ]dt™m Fgp-Xntbm ^en-∏n-°pI Akm-≤yw-X-s∂. Xo¿®- bm-bpw AXv S-∏p-c-I-em-i-ß-fn-eqsSbpw, lnµp- ÿmn kwKo-X-Øns‚ ""AXn-hn-fw_Ime-Ønv ka-amb ]Xn-Im-e-Øn-eq-sS-bpw, Xncp-ap≥]n¬ taf-sSbpw, jmcSn apc-fn-bp-sSbpw hen-™p-ap-dp-Inb ß-fn-eqsSbpw Ap-`-hn-®-dn-bp-I-Xs∂ thWw.`mh-{]-I-S--tØm-sS-bp≈ Iq´n-∏n-SpØw. hb-mSv H∏w a- n¬ kvacn-t°≠ as‰mcp {][m--cmtP- j ns‚ IÆp- I - f nemWv taf- e - l - c n- b psS s∏-´ -Imcyw IqSn-bp-≠v Xp—-amb {]Xn-^-etam,Xo{hX ImWp-I. Np‰pw n¬°p∂ kl-{]-h¿Ø- Xo°p-¥w-sh-bn-tem, IØ a™p-]p-X® cm{Xn-Isc Bthiw kv ^ pcn- ° p∂ IÆp- I - t fmsS tbm H∂pw IW-°n-se-Sp-°msX, tZho-tZ-h∑m¿°p- -tm°n Ah-sc-°qSn Du¿÷-kz-e-cm-°m≥ i‡n- ap-∂n¬ Xß-fpsS cmhp-Ifpw ]I-ep-Ifpw ae-bm-bp≈hbs{X Xo]m-dp∂ Cu IÆp-Iƒ. fn-°p-am{Xw kz¥-amb Cu Xmf-It®-cn-Isf kwKo- - Ah- k m- sØ Iem- i w- h sc CSnan∂¬ X-a-b-am-°p∂ Cu Ce-Øm-f-°m-c-S-°-ap≈ ""taf-t]mse an∂n-a-d-bp∂ Ce-Øm-f-ta-¥nb ssII-fp- I-em-Im-c∑m-cpsS A¿∏-W_p-≤nbpw, Bflm¿∞- - -ambn Ch¿ Iq´n-]n-Sn-°-ens‚ el-cn-bn-eacp∂p. Xbpw; AXn-sms° ]pdsa Iem-kzm-Z-I-cmbCe-Øm-f-Øns‚ kz¿Ko-b-kpJw Ap-`-hn-°-W- tΩm-Sp≈ {]Xn-_-≤-X-bpw.sa- ¶ n¬ ""sNºStaf- Ø ns‚ Ah- k m- - I m- e - tIc-fØnse ap∏-Øn-ap-t°mSn tZh-XIƒ°v - -߃Xs∂ tIƒ°- W w. AXs{X Xr∏q- W n- ap∂n¬ cmhpw ]Iepw hyXym-k-an-√msX Xß-Øpdbnse ""S-∏p-cIemiw. ""F´-£cImeap≈ - - - - fpsS Xmf-ss-thZyw ka¿∏n-°p-∂ Cu hmZy-I- sNº-SbpsS Ah-km-Im-e߃ - - - em-Im-c-∑m¿°v ap∂n¬ kmjvSmwKw a-kv°-cn- ]Xn™p XpS-ßp-tºmƒXs∂ °pIb√msX as‰-¥p-sN-øm≥.! inh- Z mkv h¿Ω :˛ XmacwIpfßc Aø∏tkhmkanXnbpsS {]h¿ØI≥. yq C¥y≥ FIvkv{] v Zn]{XØns‚ teJI≥. XnI™ tafm-kzm-Z-I≥. Nn{X߃°v IS∏mSv ˛ {iolcn sh¶ntSizc≥ 68
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 sIm´ns‚ hk-¥Imew - v Fw.-B¿.-F-kv. tatm≥ v P-ßfpsS Bkzm-Z--io-e-Ønepw PohnX - Dƒs∏sS ]e ]qc-ß-fnepw ]m≠nbpw {][mwssien-bnepw h∂ am‰-߃ Ign™ Im¬q-‰m- Xs∂- b m- b n- c p- ∂ p. D{K- a q¿Øn- I - f mb `{Z- I mfn≠n-n-Sbv°v tIc-fob ¢mkn-°¬ Ie-Isf {]Xn- t£{X-ß-fn¬ aXn¬°-IØv ]m≠n- sIm-´m-dp-≠v.Iq-e-ambn _m[n-®n-´p-≠v. (bp-vkvtIm-hns‚ AwKo- Xmb-º-Isb kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw in¬∏-Im-chpw t{]m’m-l-hpw IqSn-bm´ cwK-Øp-≠m- `-{Z-X°v {]m[myw ¬Ip∂ h≈p-h-m-Sns‚ ae-°nb DW¿∆ns hnkva-cn-®p-sIm-≠√ CsX-gp-Xp- a-°mhv ssienbpw, Iem-Im-cs‚ k¿§-tijn {]I-∂-Xv) F∂m¬ tIc-fob hmZy-Iesb, hnti-jn®pw - Sn-∏n-°p∂ atm-[¿Ω {]I-S--Ønv {]m[mywtaf-tØbpw Xmb-º-I-sbbpw kw_-‘n®v, C°- ¬Ip∂ ]me-°m-S≥ ssienbpw, {]K-¤cmb nc- -gn™ Zi-IsØ ""sIm´ns‚ hk-¥-Imew F∂p h[n Iem-Im-c-∑m-cn-eqsS hf-cp-Ibpw hnI-kn-°p-hnti-jn-∏n-®m¬ sX‰n-√. Ibpw sNbvXp. (ta-f-Ønepw Xmb-º-I-bnepw IY- I-fn-bnse∂t]mse Hcp DØ-c-a-e- _m¿ ssienbpw ne-n-∂p-h-cp-∂p- ≠v.) taf-Øn-s‚bpw Xmb-º-I-bp- sSbpw ]c-º-cm-K-X-amb Cu kzm[o- - t a- J - e - I ƒ hn´v tafm- k zm- Z w sX°≥ Pn√-I-fn-tebv°pw hym]n- ®p-sh-∂Xpw k¿§-[cmb nc-h[n - - ]pXnb Iem-Im-c-∑m-cpw, Iem-kzm- Z-Icpw Cu cwKØv hf¿∂p-h-∂p- sh- ∂ Xpw sN≠- b psS Ncn- { X- Ønse Hcp kph¿Æ Ime-ambn Cu Zi-I-sØ-am-‰n. s]cp-hw Ip´- ∑m-cpw, a´-∂q¿ i¶-c≥Ip-´n-bpw, tIm´-bØpw sIm√Øpw Xncp-h-- a≤y-tI-cfØn¬ h≈p-hmSv apX¬ Fd-Wm- - - - ¥-]p-cØpw ]pXnb Xe-ap-d-bpsS lc-ambn amdn.Ipfw Pn√-bnse cma-aw-Kew ]mgq¿ hsc-bp≈ `qhn- {]K-¤- tafIem-Im-c∑m-sc-]s¶-Sp-∏n-®p-sIm-≠p≈ - -`m-Kam-bn-cp∂p taf-ßfpsS X´-Iw. s]cp-hw, Ccn- - - - sIm√w- ] q- c hpw, tIm´bw ]qchpw Dƒs∏sSßm-e°p-S, Ip´-s-√q¿, Xriq¿, Xr∏q-Wn-Øp-d, FS- - sX°≥ Pn√-Ifnse {]i-kvX-t£-t{Xm-’-h-߃°p∂n, Kpcp-hm-bq¿ XpS-ßnb t£{X-ßfnse D’- - ASp-Ø-Im-e-Ømbn taf-Ønp henb {]m[mywh-ßtfm ]qc-ßtfm Bbn-cp∂p ]©m-cn-bpsSbpw ¬Ip-∂p-≠v. IqSp-X¬ kmt¶-XnIXzw nd™]m≠n-bp-sSbpw D∂-X- n-ehm-cap≈ {]I-S tI{µ- - - Xmb-ºI thcp-]n-Sn-°m≥ _p≤n-ap-´p≈ sX°≥߃. aXn¬°-I-Øp-sIm-´p∂ ]©m-cn-°p-X-s∂- Pn√-I-fn¬, a´-∂q-cns‚ Xmb-ºI Hcp el-cn-bmbnbmWv taf-ß-fn¬ BVy-Xz-sa-¶nepw, Xriq¿]pcw amdn- ° - g n- ™ p. Xncp- h n- X mw- I q¿ tZhkzw 69
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010t_m¿Uns‚ t£{X Iem-]o-T-Øn¬ n∂v ]Tw aXn¬°-IsØ ]m≠nbpw (Ce-™n-Ød tafw)]q¿Øn- b m- ° p∂ hnZym¿∞n- I fpw Cu krjvSn-°p∂ B-µ-e-lcn ]I¿∂p Xcm≥ D’-tafkwkv°mcw hf¿Øp-∂-Xn¬ henb ]¶p-h- h-߃t° Ign-bp.ln-®n-´p-≠v. F°m-e-tØbpw {]K-¤ -tafIem-Im-c-∑m- Fd-Wm-Ipfw Pn√-bnse sNdnb t£{X-ß- tcm-sSm∏w k¿§-[--cmb nc-h[n bph-I-em-Im-c-fn¬t∏mepw H∂mwInS taf- ß ƒ Ah- X - c n- ∏ n- ∑mcpw Cu cwKØv hf¿∂phcp∂p F∂Xv sIm´p-°p∂Xv {it≤-bam-Wv. Xma-cw-Ip-fßcbnse {]kn- - - - - I-e-bpsS `mhn-sb-∏‰n Gsd {]Xo-£-Iƒ ¬Ip-≤- a mb ]©mcn ]m≠n- t a- f - ß fpw, acSv Xme- ∂p. Ce-™n-Ø-d-tafw Dƒs∏sS tIc-f-Ønses∏menbnse s]cp-hw Ip´≥amcmcpw Ing-°q´v {]kn≤ taf-߃s°√mw tXrXzw ¬Ip∂An-b≥am-cmcpw Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p∂ ]m≠n-ta-f- s]cp-hw Ip´≥am-cm¿ Xs∂ Cu cwKsØ Ct∏m-ßfpw ]q¿Æ-X-bp≈ taf-ß-fm-Wv. Fd-Wm-Ipfw gsØ Xmcw. F{X -h-enb taf-ßfpw nb-{¥n-°p-Pn√- b nse Fd- W m- I pfw, hf- ™ - º - e w, ]≈p- ∂-Xn-ep≈ At±-l-Øns‚ Ign-hpw kmt¶-XnIcpØn, ]pXnbImhv, S-°m-hv, N°w-Ip-fßc, ]≈n- - - ⁄mhpw s]cp-h--Øns ""taf-N-{I-h¿Øn-∏-d-ºp-Im-hv, ]njm-cn-tIm-hn¬, cma-aw-K-ew, ]- bm°n am‰n. tIfØp Ac-hn-µm-£≥, Ing-°q´vßmSv KW-]Xn t£{Xw, Nn‰q¿ t£{Xw XpSßn An-b≥am-cm¿, Xncp-h√ cm-[m-Ir-jvW≥, ]gp-hn¬ -qdp-I-W-°np t£{X-ß-fn¬ sNdpXpw hep-Xp- cLp-am-cm¿, s]cp-hw kXo-i≥am-cm¿, sNdp-t»cnamb taf-߃ Ac-tß-dp-∂p. ]e- t£-{X-ß-fnepw Ip´≥am-cm¿, tNcm--√q¿ i¶-c≥Ip-´n-am-cm¿, a´-mS-Ißfp-sSbpw, Km-ta-fIfp-sSbpw ÿmw taf- - - - - ∂q¿ i¶- c ≥Ip- ´ n- a m- c m¿ (Xn- c p- h - º mSn tafw)߃ Gs‰-Sp-Ø-Xmbn ImWmw. nc-h[n t£{X- XpSßn {]K-¤-cmb nc-h[n Iem-Im-c-∑m¿ ap≥n-ß-fn¬ S-Ø-s∏-Sp∂ taf-hn-Zym-e-b-ß-fn-eqsS c-°m-cmbpw {]am-W-°m-cmbpw taf-cw-KsØ Xmc-qdp-I-W-°np hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ tafw Ac-tßdn ß-fmbn tim`n-°p-∂p. taf- cw-KsØ G‰hpw]pd-Øp- h-cp-∂p. sN≠ A`ym-kw A`n-Pm-X-amb henb {]Xo- £ - b m- b n- c p∂ Im®mw- I p- d n®nH∂mbn AwKo-Imcw tSn-°-gn-™p. tafwsIm≠p- IÆ≥amcm-cpsS AIm-e-hn-tbmKw Cu cwKsØam{Xw amy-ambn Pnhn-°m-hp∂ Hchÿ ssIh- Ign™ Zi- I - Ø nse G‰hpw henb jv S -∂Xp aqe-ap-≠mb kmº-ØnI kpc-£nXXzw, nc- ambncp∂p. Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ tZhkzw t_m¿Uns‚h[nt]¿ Kuc-h-]q¿∆w Cu cwK-tØ°v IS-∂p-h- t£{X- I - e m- ] o- T - Ø n- e qsS qdp- I - W - ° npcm-p-≈ kml-N-cy-ap-≠m°n. hnZym¿∞n- I ƒ°v sN≠- h m- Z - - Ø ns‚ Ie taf-߃ C∂pw ne-n¬°p-∂Xp t£t{Xm- ]I¿∂p-sIm-SpØ kZw Znhm-I-c-am-cm-¿, taf -cw-’-hßfn-eqsS am{X-am-Wv. Hcp Iem-]cn-]mSn F∂ - - - KØp am{X-a√ Xmb-ºI IY-Ifn-s°m-´v, tkm]m -ne°v CXv hnP-bn-°m-p≈ km[yX Xosc-°p-d- kwKo-Xw, FS-°, AXn-k-¶o¿Æ-amb ]mWnhm-hm- W v . cm{Xn- b psS n»- _ v Z - X - b n¬, s‰n- ∏ ´w Zw XpSßn t£{X-kw-_-‘-amb F√m hmZy-sI´nb B-Ifpw Xosh-´n-Ifpw tN¿∂p krjvSn- tafIe-I-fnepw imkv{Xo-b-⁄m-hpw cwK-{]-tbm-°p∂ A`ua-amb Hc¥-co£w Cu taf߃s°m- K-]m-S-hhpw D≈ {]K-¤-mWv. ]pXnb Xe-ap-d-cp-°p∂ ]›m-Ø-e-`wKn krjvSn-°m≥ Hcp Iem- bpsS {]Xn-n[nIfmbn GXp henb tafhpw {]am-]-cn-]m-Sn°p km[y-a-√t√m? F{X-sbms° {]K¤ Wn-°m-p≈ {]m]vXn tSnb Xr∏q-Wn-Øpd atl-Iem-Im-c-∑m¿ ]s¶-Sp-Ømepw, Xr∏q-Wn-Øp-d-bn- jn-tbpw tNµ-aw-Kew DÆn-Ir-jvW-am-cm-tcbpwtebpw Ccn-ßm-e-°p-S-bn-tebpw aXn¬°-IsØ CØ-cp-W-Øn¬ kvacn-°m-Xn-cn-°p-∂Xv icn-b-√.]©m- c nbpw, ]u¿Æan cm{Xn- b n¬ {_m“- a p- sN≠-ta-f-ß-fn¬ ]m≠nbpw ]©m-cn-bp-sam-lq¿Ø-Ønse Ip´--√q¿ ]©m-cnbpw, ]mXn-cm- gn-®p≈ AS¥, A©-S-¥, Nº, sN-º-S, {[phw˛hnse FS-°p-∂ ]-©m-cnbpw Xriq¿]qc-Ønse Nº XpS-ßnb A]q¿∆ taf-߃°v Ah-k-c-߃ 70
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010hf-sc-°p-dn®p am{Xta e`n-°p-∂p-≈q. ]©m-cn-ta- tI-c-f-Ønse ssien-Ifpw A`y-kn®v kzmwio-I-f- s Ø- t ∏mse Ch- s b√mw sNº- S - X m- f - Ø n- cn®v sIm´nv Xt‚-Xm-sbmcp ssien- cq-]-s∏-SpØnep≈XmI-bm¬ ]©m-cn-sIm´n ioen® Hcp Iem- sIm´ns ImgvN-bpsS Ie- Iq-Sn-bm°n am‰nb a´-Im-cv ]cn-io-e--Øn-eqsS Ch sIm´m-m-Ipw. ∂q¿ i¶-c≥Ip´n Xmb-º-I-bpsS P-{]n-b-X°pXr∏q-Wn-Øpd t£{X-Øn¬ ]©mcn sIm´n-°-em- hen- b - ] - ¶ p- h - l n- ® n- ´ p- ≠ v . Iem- I m- c v G‰hpwin-®-tijw (Xn-cp-ap-ºn¬ tafw) AS-¥-bn¬ hl- Db¿∂ {]Xn- ^ ew hmßm- p≈ kml- N cywsIm-´epw sNº-S-bpsS Ah-km--Im-ehpw (-S-∏p- krjvSn-s®-Sp-ØXpw a´-∂q¿ Xs∂-bm-Wv. a‰p hmZy-c-ta-fw) sIm´n-h-cm-dp-s≠-¶nepw, Chsb ]q¿Æ- ß-tfmSv tN¿∂p sN≠-bpsS Bhn-jv°m-cßfpsS - -ta-f-ß-fmbn sIm´m-dn-√. H‰tafw am{X-ap≈ ]qc- ]pXnb taJ-e-Iƒ Is≠-Ønb a´-∂q-cnv, ]c-º-߃t°m Xme-s∏m-ent°m CXp _p≤n-ap-´m-sW- cm-KX Bkzm-ZI taJ-e°v ]pdØpw Bcm-[-Isc¶nepw, 16 ]©m-cnbpw (B-dm´p Ign-™p- h-∂p≈ tSm≥ Ign-™n-´p-≠v. sN≠-bpsS taJ-ebnte°paXn¬°-IsØ ]©mcn Dƒs∏-sS) Hcp ]m≠nbpw BZy-ambn ]fl{io tSn-sb-Sp-ØXpw a´-∂q¿Hcp ]©- h m- Z yhpw sIm´p∂ Xr∏q- W n- Ø p- d Xs∂-bm-Wv. ]me-°m-S≥ ssien-bpsS {]tbm-‡m--t]m-esØ D’-h-߃°v Nne- Zn-h-k-ß-fn-se- °-fn¬ I√q¿ cma≥Ip-´nbpw, It√-°p-f-ßc A®p- X≥Ip´nbpw Xs∂ Kpcp- ÿm- o- b ¿. k{º- Z mb ip≤n- b p≈ ae- a - ° mhv ssien-bn¬ k¿§-[--cmb nc-h[n bph-Iem-Im-c∑m¿ - - kPo-h-ambn cwK-Øp-s≠- ¶nepw, XrØm- e - B- en∏dºps]-cp-a-bpsS N{I- h¿Øn knwlm-k--߃ Hgn™p InS- ° p∂p. t]mcq¿ DÆn- I r- j v W ≥, at©cn lcn- Z mkv, I¬∏mØn _me- I r- jvW≥ ote-izcw kt¥m- jv, a´-∂q¿ {iocm-P,v a´-∂q¿¶nepw Ch ]co-£n®v tm°p-∂Xv Iem-Im-c- {ioIm-¥v, XrØme i¶-c-Ir-jvW≥ XpSßn Cu∑m¿°pw Bkzm-Z-I¿°pw Ap-{K-l-am-bn-cn°pw. taJ-e-bn¬ nc-h[n {]Xn-`m-im-en-Iƒ hnhn[]m≠n-ta-fw t]mse D’-hØnp aXn¬°-IØv - ssien-Iƒ ]n¥p-S¿∂p-sIm≠p Xmb-º-I-bpsSsIm´n-°qSm F∂ nb-aw Chbv°p _m[-Ia√.- - `mhnkpc£nXamsW∂p Dd-∏p-¬Ip-∂p. Ct∏mƒ h≈p- h - m- ´ nepw ]me- ° m- ´ p- a mbn cq]w- kPo- h - a mbn cwK- Ø n- s √- ¶ nepw a´- ∂ q- c ns‚sIm≠p hnI-kn® Xmb-º-I-bnse {]K¤ Iem- KpcpmY-pw, N{µ-a-∂m-Un-bm-cpsS injypambIm-c-∑m¿, C∂pw B taJ-e-bn¬ n∂v Xs∂-bm- kZw hmkp-tZ-hs‚ kw`m-hItfbpw kvacn-t°- - - -Wv. ]t£ tIc-f-sam-´msI Hcp ]pØ≥ Bkzm- ≠-Xp-≠v.ZI kaqlw Xmb-º-I°v hf¿∂v h∂n-´p-≠v. IrjvW≥Ip-´n-s∏m-Xp-hm-fn-eq-sSbpw, Ip´≥am-AXyp-ØctIc-f-Øns‚ hmZ--ssi-en-bn¬ ]T-- cm-cn-eq-sSbpw hf¿∂p hnI-kn® IY-I-fn-s°m´vam-cw-`n®v h≈p-h-m-´n¬ ÿnc-Xm-a-k-am°n a≤y- sN≠-bpsS hmZ km≤yXIsf Gsd {]tbm-P- 71
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010-s∏-Sp-Ønb Hcp cwK-am-Wv. Nn´-{]-[m--amb GXp [mcmfw Iem-Im-c-∑m¿ IS-∂p-h-∂p-sh-∂Xp CuIY- I ƒ°pw alm- - S - ∑ m- t cm- s Sm∏w sIm´m≥ Ie°p ]pXn- s bmcp amw ¬Ip- ∂ p. ]t£{]m]v X n- b p≈ Iem- a - W v U ew DÆn- I r- j v W ≥, Chsc Dƒs°m-≈m-p≈ lrZ-b-hn-im-eX mwIemaWvUew cma≥ ºq-Xncn IemaWvUew Cnbpw B¿÷n-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p.IrjvWZmkv IemaWvUew _e-cm-a≥ tIm´-°¬ - qdpIW-°np Iem-Im-c-∑m¿ ]s¶-Sp-°p∂,{]kmZv XpSßn {]K-¤-∑m¿ C∂v cwK-Øp-≠v. aq∂p apX¬ me-c-hsc aWn-°qdpIƒ o≠p- sIm´ns‚ Ie-bn¬ amcm¿, Aº-e-hmkn n¬°p∂, kq£va-amb KWn-X-]-≤-Xn-ItfmSp-Iq-XpS- ß nb kh¿Æ kap- Z m- b - ß - t fm- s Sm∏w, Snb, taf-sa∂ Iem-cq]w bmsXmcphn[ dntl-imkv { Xo- b - a mb taf- ] - ≤ - X n- I - f n¬ {]mhoWyw gvkepw IqSmsX Ah-X-cn-∏n-°m≥ Ign-bp∂psh∂-tSnb nc- h [n Iem- I m- c - ∑ m¿ CXc kap- XmWv ]m›mXy Iem-kzm-ZIsc A¤p-Xs∏-Sp-Øp- - -Zmbßfn¬ n∂pw, {]tXy-In®v ]nt∂m° kap- ∂-Xv. taf-Øn-p- Xpeyw as‰mcp hmZy-Iq-´mbva tem-Zm-b-ß-fn¬ n∂v Db¿∂p-h-∂n-´p-≠v. ]√-» IØv as‰ßpw C√. imkv{Xo-bhpw kmt¶-Xn-I-Ip´≥am-cm-cpsS {]injy]c-ºcbn¬s∏´ Xr∏q-Wn- - - hp-amb ⁄mw Cs√-¶n¬t∏mepw, Xmf-t_m-[-Øpd kPo-h≥ CXn-smcp DZm-l-c-W-am-Wv. F√m- ap≈ Hcp kaq-l-Ønv Cu Iesb Dƒs°m-≈m-Øcw taf-ßfpw Nn´-bmbn S-Øm≥ {]m]vXn- mhqw F∂mWv taf-Øns‚ P-{]n-bX ImWn-bp≈ kPo-h≥, Xnane hmZ--Ønepw {it≤-b- °p-∂-Xv. thK-X-bpsS Cu bpK-Ønepw ]Xn-Im-e-mWv. hen-sbmcp injy-k-ºØpw kPo-h-p-≠v. Øns‚ kuµcyw Bkz-Zn-°m≥ Ign-hp≈ Hcp Xe-Ay-h¬°-cn-°-s∏-´n-cp∂ kaq-l-Øn¬ n∂pw apd hf¿∂p-h-cp-∂Xv sIm´ns‚ Ie-bpsS `mhn-imkv{Xo-b-amb taf-Øns‚ s]mXp-[m-c-bn-te°p tim-`--am-sW-∂-Xnv sXfn-hm-Wv. Fw. B¿. Fkv . tatm≥ :˛ -m¬∏Xne[nIw h¿jßfmbn Ip´nIƒ°v B≤ymflnI kmwkv°mcnI ]T¢m pIƒ SØnhcp∂p. dn´. sI. Fkv. C. _n. A°u≠vkv Hm^ok¿, Xr∏qWnØpd IYIfn tI{µØnt‚bpw A¥¿t±iob IqSnbm´ tI{µØnt‚bpw kPoh{]h¿ØI≥. t£{X ho-I-cW b⁄ ]¶m-fnØ ^e-{ipXn t£{X n¿ΩmW {]h¿Ø--ß-fn¬ [-k-a¿∏Ww S-Øn-bm¬ Ign™ Ggv P∑- ß-fn-tebpw hcp∂ Ggp-P-∑-ß-fn-tebpw ]m]w C√m-Xm-Ip-sa∂v sshjvWh kwln-X- Iƒ ]d-bp-∂p. ckjbfäTx ofbmX ùMrOqîMem£ebfvx vfabofòª Dh¥X, DjbC, iChlfTx vfabofòª aceokX Sÿfb kdçJfw vfÿgX nYfTgÿleCx. 72
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 aa `mKyw taf-{Xbw v s]cp-hw kXo-i≥ amcm¿ v Xr∏q-Wn-Øpd F∂p -tI-´m¬ Bcp-tSbpw {]kn-≤-am-W-t√m. AXp-t]m-se-Xs∂, Xma-cw-Ip-a- n¬ HmSn-sb-Øp-∂Xv `‡n-bpsS ]qc-I-ß- f-ßc {io[¿Ω-imkvXm t£{X-Ønse aI-c-hn-fmb ]q¿Æ-{X-bo-ipw, Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc {io [¿Ω- f°v Znhkw (a-Icw 1˛mw Xob-Xn) S-°p∂ taf-im-kvXm-hp-am-Wv. IqSmsX nc-h[n tZho-tZ-h-∑m¿ {X-bsØ°pdn®pw Aev]w kqNn-∏n-°-s´.IpSn-sIm-≠v Ap-{K-l-߃ sNmcn-bp∂ mSmWv Hcp]-Xn-‰m-≠n-te-sd-bmbn Rm≥ apS-ßmsXXr∏q-Wn-Øpd F∂v F√m-h¿°pw Adn-bmw. ]s¶-Sp-°p∂ Hcp al-Ømb, AXn-{]-i-kvX-amb, BtLm-j-amWv Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aIc hnf-°n-tm- S-p-_-‘n®v S-°p∂ ]©m-cn-ta-fw. taf-I-e-bnse ""Ipe-]Xn F∂pw, ]©m-cn- bnse ""cmPmhv F∂pw F√m-hcpw hnti-jn-∏n- ®n-cp∂ a¨a-d™ Fs‚ ]nXmhv N°w-Ipfw A∏p- am-cm¿, {io. Xrt∏-°pfw A®p-X≥amcm¿ XpS-ßnb {]K- ¤ ¿ ssIøpw saøpw ad∂v BÀm- Z - Ø n- an¿t∏msS taft-{]-an-I-fpsS Bth-i-am°n Xo¿Ø tIc-f-Ønse {]kn-≤-ß-fmb ]qc-߃, D’-h- ߃ F∂-t]mse Xs∂ ""Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc taf- {X-bsØbpw Ah¿ AXns‚ ]cn-]q¿Æ-X-bn¬ FØn®p. C∂v Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc taf-{Xbw temI- {]-kn-≤am-Wv. Ct∏mƒ {io. kZw Znhm-Ic≥ amcm- - - cpw, Rmpw {]am-Wn-am-cm-Wv. tIc-f-Ønse mm- `m-K-ß-fn¬ n∂p≈ tafm-kzm-Z-I¿ aIcw 1˛mw XobXn Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc {io [¿Ω-im-kvXm-t£{X k∂n-[n-bn-se-Øpw. hfsc imkv{Xo-b-ambn, Ime-{]-am-W-tØm- sS, Iqd-S-°-tØmsS, kwKoX Xmf-e-b-tØmsS, aq∂c aWn-°q-tdmfw ofp∂ ]©m-cn-ta-f-amWv Xma- c w- I p- f - ß - c - b nse tafw. H∂c aWn- ° q¿ hnkvX-cn® ]Xn-Imew, AXn--p-kr-X-ambn c≠mw Imehpw aq∂pw, mepw Ime-ßfpw. A©mw Imew 3/4 aWn-°q¿ hnkvX-cn®v D≠m-Ipw. Hcp XnI™ ]©mcn taf-Ønv aq∂c aWn-°q¿ kabw th≠n- hr›nIamk-Ønse tNmXn Znhkw sImSn- h-cpw.I-b-‰-tØmsS XpS-ßp∂ ]q¿Æ-{X-bo-is‚ D’- 4 aWn-°q¿ sIm´p∂ ]©mcn taf-ßfpwh-Ønse {][m Cw ]©m-cn-ta-f-am-Wv. hniz- D≠v. ]t£ aq∂v˛aq∂c aWn-°qdn¬ IqSp-X¬hn-Jym-X-cmb taf-a-lm-c-Y-∑m¿ AS-°n-hmW Xr∏q- o≠p t]mbm¬, ka-b-Øn--p-k-cn®v Ime-߃,Wn-Øpd t£{XaXn¬°-IsØ ]©m-cn-tafw Iem-i-߃, taf-Øns‚ ]e L´-߃ F∂nh 73
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010ot´-≠n-h-cpw. DZm-l-c-W-Ønv ne, XIn´ Ipg-a- ∂p. AXp-t]mse Xs∂ Fs‚ Ffnb Ign-hnsdn-™°mew aq∂c aWn-°q¿ taf-am-bm¬ B tafw - CjvSs∏-´ncp∂ tPyjvTktlm-Zc≥ a¨a-d™ hn- - -XnI™ taf-ambn F∂v ]q¿∆n-I¿ ]d-bm-dp-≠v. b≥ F∂pw Fs‚ a- n¬ ambmsX n¬°pw.Kw`o-c-amb ]©m-cn-ta-f-Ønp apºn¬ IÆn-p-Ip- hfsc `wKn- b mbn aIchnf- ° m- t Lmjwfn¿Ω ¬Ip∂ s‰n-∏´w sI´n, Be-h-´-hpw, n¿∆-ln®pt]m-cp-∂ Aø∏ tkhm-k-anXn `mc-hm-sh¨Nm-a-chpw hoin, Xe-bm´n n¬°p∂ KP- ln-I-tfmSp≈ Fs‚ kvtlw, IS-∏mSv AXvtI-k-cn-Iƒ taf-Ønp tIaØw ]I-cp∂p. AXpw F∂pw ne-n¬°-s´-sb∂v {]m¿∞n-°p-∂p. taf-Xma-cw-Ip-f-ß-c-bn¬ {]kn≤w Xs∂. sØ-°p-dn-®p≈ Cu teJw {io]q¿Æ-{X-bo-i- D®-bv°p-tijw 3 1/2 aWn-tbm-Sp-IqSn Bcw- t‚bpw {io[¿Ω-im-kvXm-hn-s‚bpw s]cp-h-Øv`n-°p∂ {]kn-≤-amb ""Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc]©-hm-Zy-Øn¬ tIc-fØnse {]K-¤- -cmb H´pan° hmZy-I-em-Im-c-∑mcpw]s¶-Sp-°p-∂p. 7 aWn-tbmsS kam-]n-°p∂ Cu tafw Xr∏q- W n- Ø p- d - b n-tebpw ]cn-k-c-ß-fn-tebpw H∂mwInS]©-hm-Zy-ambn IW-°m-°-s∏-Sp-∂p. cm{Xn 11 aWn-tbmsSbp≈ Fgp-∂-≈n-∏np≈ ]m≠n-tafw {]kn-≤-am-Wv . c≠p aWn- ° q¿ ofp- ∂ - X m- W v]m≠n-tafw (c≠p aWn-°q-sd-¶nepwHcp √]m≠n-ta-f-Ønv thWw). Xr∏q-Wn-Øpd Xma-cw-Ip-fßc taf- -Ønv Rm≥ BZy- a mbn hcp- ∂ XvsImºvhnZzm≥ {io. IpΩØv cma≥mb¿ Gev]n-®- Cc-´-b-∏-s‚bpw Xr∏m-Z-ß-fn¬ Rm≥ hn-b-]p-c-X-p-kcn-®m-W.v AXv henb Imcy-ambn Rm≥ ImWp- -  cw ka¿∏n-°p-∂p. s]cp-hw kXo-i≥ amcm¿ :˛ tafm-Nm-cy≥ N°w-Ipfw A∏p-am-cm-cpsS ]p{X≥. Xma-cw-Ip-f- ßc Dƒs∏sS nc-h[n taf-߃°v {]amWw hln-°p-∂p. ùMr OqîMem£e MjCX! DÿoevùhYgabû MjCcÖh¥ e DÿoevX cueoevX Snâ e bqóbgX bôËfkcemèfw Mem£ e XheöfaveëvgyÀfòª g vëègÿ “DÿoevX” HçfanTx Goejceãf mXYebv sòÖgk. mXYebvkW Y©pv~ägsë ahjfw “SzaøebxsczÜe”ãgX DÖh¥ ambemcflfTx vwkebgÿleCx. 74
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 sN≠-ap-WvUm-kp-c≥! v B¿.-sI. Zmtam-Z-c≥ v (Ihn, Km-c-N-bn-Xmhv) "sNØw (i-_vZw) F∂ hm°n¬ n∂s{X ""tXmfn¬ tN¿Øp tNem¿∂-a-´n˛sN≠bp≠m-b-Xv. "]Xn-s-´p-hm-Zyhpw sN≠-bv°p- ewKpeo hn{`aw XpS-cthXmsgsb∂ ]g- s ©m√pw Cu sNØ- Ø ns‚ `mhw Im´o-Sp∂p sN≠-bmƒKmw`o-cysØ AYhm D®-ÿm-bnsb DZvtLm-jn- F∂v F¥p-sIm≠v ap°v ]pI-gvØn-∏d™p-IqSm? - -°p-∂-Xm-Imw. ap-jy≥ Hcp nanjw Ien-Xp≈n Ae-dn-bm¬ ssIemkw ssIøn-se-SpØv AΩm--am-Sn-b- Ahs Akp-c-s∂v Bsc-¶nepw n-bv°ptam?t∏mƒ ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn® tLmc-i_vZ˛c-hw-˛-Øn¬ sNØw am{X-a√ sN≠. sNØw tIƒ∏n-n∂mWv "cmh-W≥ F∂ t]cv Akp-c-cm-P-p-≠m- °p-∂-sX√mw sN≠-bp-a-√, an∂p-∂-sX√mw s]m∂-b-Xs{X! AXp-t]msebmWv sN≠bv°pw Hcp s√-∂-t]m-se. ]m´bpw ]S-°-hp-sam∂pw mw hmZy-"Akp-cXzw A-`n-⁄¿ Iev]n-®p-¬In-b-Xv. ambn FÆm-dn-√-t√m.F¥m-bmepw, Fß-s-bm-bmepw "sN≠-sIm-´pI hcn- ° - π m- h ns‚˛ sIm∂, Icn- ß m- e n,F∂ hm°nv A_≤w ]nWbpIsb∂pw, "sN≠- sNºIw Bhmw ˛ ImX¬ If™ Ip‰n. Imf-sIm-´n-°pIsb∂-Xnv hnj-an-∏n-°p-I-sb∂pw, tØm¬ hcn™ h´w. h°p-Ib¿ ]mInb ]{¥≠p -"sN≠Øsa∂- X nv t`mj- Ø - s a- ∂ p- s ams° Zzmcw. Cuc≠v Cg-Iƒ tIm¿Ø IpØp-hm¿."i_vZXm-cm-hen A¿∞w ]d-™p-sh-®n-cn-°p-tºm- - IpØp-hm-dns‚ ÿm-t`-Z-߃ sN≠-sb∂ tIc-se, sN≠sb Akp-c-K-W-Øn¬s∏Sp-Øn-b-hs f-Øns‚ D’-h_nw_Ønv (a-lm-Ihn Hf∏-a-Æ-"sN≠s∂p (a-≠≥) Xs∂ ap-°p-hn-ti-jn-∏n- bpsS hnti- j - W w) apjy°mw. kl-Pamb hnImc`mj-bpsS h-ckkz-ct`-Z߃, - - - - -""sIm´pw ASnbpw sN≠bv°v P∑m ¬In-bn-cn-°p-∂p.]´pw hfbpw amcm¿°v tZl_‘w tm°n-bm¬ sN≠, ""Benw-F∂v Rm≥, ]g-s©m¬ tIm¿sØmcp ]m´p-c-Nn®v Ky- Ø nepw hmZy- n- e - b n¬ ""Du¿[- I - Ø nepwKmb-I≥ DÆn-ta-tm-s-s°m≠v ]≠v ]mSn-®n-´p- Dƒs∏-Sp-∂p. kzmXn-ap-n-bpsS hymJym--Øn¬≠v. ]mhw sN≠ Ω-f-Xns Akp-c-m°n Ah- Benw-tKym¿[-I-߃°v bYm-{Iaw sFcm-h-W-˛-tl-fn-®p. IjvSw! hmkvX-h-Øn¬ sN≠, Akp- X-UnXv taL-m-Z-ß-fm-Wv.ctm? AtXm tZh-tm, ap-jytm? Ah--≤- CS- ¥ eh°Øv hnc¬ Du∂p∂"Whm-Zy-amb (N¿a-hm-Zyw) "sN≠ Akp-cp-a√, kpc- - Imchpw (Imw), Sp-hn¬ mep hnc¬ tN¿Øp-p-a√, ap-jy-K-W-Øn¬s∏-´-Xm-sW-∂mWv Fs‚ sIm-´p∂ "[nw Imchpw (Kpw), Sp°v ssI∏Sw]£w. Ncn®v sIm´p∂ Nmepw (Ø), ]Sw Iagv Ø n""aSn-bn¬ tN¿Øp -tN-Wm¿∂ a´n-ew-Kp-eo-hn-{`aw sIm´p∂ s]mØpw (t[mw) tNcp-tºmƒ "Øt[mw-XpS-cth Kpw°mw F∂mWv mZw. Cu "ssIØmcnIƒcmKw Im´o-Sp∂p hn]©nI H∂pwXs∂ cmh-W-c-h-a√ Db¿Øp-∂-sX∂v Ic-F∂v hoWsb hmgvØn Ihn ]mSn-b-Xp-t]m-se˛ tfm¿°p∂ Iem-kzm-ZIv Is≠-Øp-hm≥ Ign-bpw. - 75
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 ip≤-kw-Ko-X-Ønv AI-º-Sn-bmbn ]°-Øn- bmYm¿∞yw. f- N - c n- X - a m- S p∂ S- p- t h≠cn-°p∂ ""]°-ta-f-am-bmWv Xmf-hm-Zy-߃ as‰- "irwKmcw ]I-cmpw, GI-Xmf Iem-i-Øns‚hn-sSbpw hny-kn-°-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. ae-bm-f-Øn- lp¶mcw apg-°mpw sN≠-bv°mhpw ˛ hmZy-°m-em-Is´, Ipdp-¶p-gens apºn¬ Ipºn-Sp-hn-®v, kwKo- - - cs‚ ssh`-hm-p-k-c-Ww.XsØ t]mj-I-am°n "]°m-tafamhp∂ kzX-{¥- h-c-k-ß-fm-Sp∂ Ss‚ `mhm-hn-jv°m-c-ß-XmfhmZy-Ie ap°p kz¥-am-Wv. sfm-s°bpw sN≠-bv°p-am-hpw. "sNØw apg-°m≥ ]©-Ime ]©mcn ]mSp∂ sN≠, tXm¬∏- am{X-a√ NnØw ab-°mpw sN≠bv°p ]‰pw ˛‰m¿∂ ssIØ-tem-S-em¬ emky-kp-µcmZm-p- tXm¬∏- ‰ p≈ ssIbn¬ AXv kwb- a n- b m- h pw.`hw ¬Ip∂ ck-cm-P≥ Xs∂-bs√? tIm¬∏-‰p≈ ssIbn¬ tIma-chpw. F∂m¬, Iq´n-s∏-cp°n (sIm-ep-ºn) mep- CS-¥-e-˛-h-e-¥es®≠-Ifpw IY-I-fn-˛-ta-f-˛-Im-eØn¬, mZ-Kcn-as]-øp∂ "]m≠n sN≠-bpsS - - - Xm-b-º-I-s®-≠-I-fp-sams° mZ-Øns‚ h-c-k-]ucp-j-am-Wv. sX√v AXn-i-tbm‡n Ie¿Øn- cpNnt`Z-ß-fm-Wv ap°v ]I-cp-∂-Xv.bm¬, sN≠ "]©mcnbn¬ n∂v "]m≠nbn irwKmcw cXnbpw, lmkyw lmkhpw,te°v "kmXznIØn¬ n∂v "cmPkØnte-°p≈ IcpWw timIhpw, cu{Zw t{Im[hpw, hocw D’m-`mh-Zqcw ]men-°p-∂p. sN≠-sb∂ Htcb{¥w lhpw, `bm-Iw `bhpw, _o`’w PpKp-]vkbpw,Xs∂-bmWv c≠p coXn Ah-ew-_n-°p-tºmƒ, A¤pXw hnkva-bhpw, im¥w ia-hp-ambn, ap-c≠p `mh-Øn¬ s]cp-am-dp-∂-Xv. jy-n¬ {]I-Sn-X-am-Ip-∂-Xp-t]mse, sN≠-bn¬ Xmb-ºIsb-Sp-Øp-tm-°q. ]Xn-Im-eØnepw - - - {]tbm-‡m-hns‚ atm-[¿Ω-ap-kcn®pam{Xw mZ- - -Iqdnepw ]mSp∂ sN≠-b√ GI-Xm-fØns‚ mep- - `m-h-߃ {]I-Sn-X-am-hp-I-bm-Wv.L-´ßfn-embn Ae-dp∂ sN≠. Hcp ]s£ sN≠- - - {]tbm-‡mhv GXp atm-hn-Im-cam-tWm atm- -bpsS bYm¿∞ Akp-c-kz-`mhw Xmb-º-I-bpsS [¿Ω-ambn sN≠-bn¬ Bhn-jv°cn-°p-∂Xv, sN≠ -XrXob]mZ-amb GI-Xm-f-Øn-emWv hy‡-am-Ip- AXp-ambn XmZm-flyw {]m]n®v AtX-hn-Im-ctØmsS -∂- X v. amcm¿, GI- X m- f - L - ´ - Ø n¬ IØ {]Xn-Icn-°p-I am-{X-amWv sNøp-∂Xv. - - -t¿tIm¬ hnymkw S-Øp-tºm-gmWv, cu{Z-`o-a- t¿tIm- e ns‚ ]pcp- j - X zhpw Dcp- f ns‚mbn As√-¶n¬ cm£-k-cm-h-W-mbn sN≠ kvss{XW-Xbpw Hs° amcm-cpsS atm-[¿Ω-am-Ae-dp-∂-Xv. sW∂v Npcp-°w. adn®v Ah sN≠-bpsS sNØ- irwKmc-∏-Z-am-Sp∂ thf-bn¬ IrjvW≥Ip´n io-e-ß-f-√. AXp-sIm≠v Akp-c-√ sN≠-sb∂vs∏mXp-hmfns‚ h≠p aqfp∂ sN≠-sb-ßs ap°v Cn sIm´n-tLm-jn-°mw. FXn¿]m-´p- ]m-Akp-c-mIpw? At∏mƒ sN≠ kzX-th, Akp-c- Sp∂ Ipbn-en-s-t∏mse atm-[¿Ω-sa∂ amcmsc-√. AXn-s GtXXp `mh-ß-fn¬ {]tbm-Kn-°p- Ap-I-cn-°p∂ ap-jy-K-W-Øn¬ X-s∂-bm-hs´∂pthm, AXXp ka-b-ß-fn¬ sN≠ AXXp Cu ae-bm-f-hm-Zy-hn-ti-j-Ønpw ÿmw.hnImc{]I- S - - ß ƒ S- Ø p∂psh∂XmWv sN≠ Akp-c--√, A√ sN≠ Aa-c-mWv Aa-c-mb c-mWv! B¿.-sI. Zmtam-Z-c≥ :˛ `‡n-Km--c-N cwKsØ A{K-K-Wy≥. ""lcn-h-cm-kw ]pc-kv°mctPXm- hv. XnI™ tafm-kzm-Z-I≥. 76
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 taf-ta-Xm-bm-epw...... v sI.-hn. apc-fo-tam-l≥ v t£{X-ß-fmepw t£t{Xm-’-h-ß-fmepw tZh- h m- Z y- — mb ¬°p- ∂ p- s ≠- ∂ mWv kqN- .kº-∂-amb tIc-fsØ ""ssZh-Øns‚ kz¥w F¶n¬ ]m≠n-ta-f-Øn-se-∂-t]mse c≠p-tIm¬msS∂v Btcm hnti-jn-∏n®p ˛ XnI®pw kzm`m- D]-tbm-Kn®p sIm´p∂ ]©m-cn-tafw (Kp-cp-hm-bq¿hn-Iw. ssZh-Øns‚ kz¥w Ap-jvTm--I-e-I-fn¬ {]kn-≤w) tZh-hm-Zy-a-√m-Xm-Iptam?{]Np-cßfmb taf-ßsf tZhm-kpc {]Ir-XØns‚ - - - ]m≠n-tafw t£{X-a-Xn¬°-IØv km[m-c-t]cn¬ th¿Xn-cn-°m≥ Hcp {iaw ˛ Xo¿Øpw W-bmbn sIm´m-dn-√. CsX-¥p-sIm-≠mWv F∂XvAkzo-Im-cyw. BNm-cm-p-jvTm--ß-tfm-sS-bp≈ DØcw In´mØ tNmZy--ambn F∂pw ne-n¬°pw.Fgp- ∂ - ≈ n- ∏ p- I - f n¬ AI- º - S n- b m- I p∂ taf- ]m≠n F∂- hm- ° nv hntZin F∂¿∞- a p-߃°pw Bkp-c-]-cn-th-jtam? s≠∂pw, kztZin A√mØXnm-emWv t£{Xm- ¶-W-ß-fn¬ ]m≠n-ta-f-Ønv hne-°p-I-ev]n-°-s∏- ´n-´p-≈-sX∂pw Fhn-sStbm {]Xn-]m-Zn-®p-I-≠p. F∂m¬ hniz-{]-kn-≤-amb Xr»n-h-t]-cq¿ ]qc- Øns‚ apJ-ap-{Z-bmb ""Ce-™n-Ø-d-tafw hS-°p- ∂mYs‚ t£{X-a-Xn¬°I-ØmWv Ac-tß-dp-∂- Xv. CsXm∂psIm≠p-am{Xw ]m≠n-tafw ssZho-I- ambnØotc-≠-Xt√? ]©m-cn-ta-f-Øn-pw, ]m≠n-ta-f-Ønpw D]- tbm-Kn-°p∂ hmZy-ß-sf√mw H∂pX-s∂-bm-Wv. taf-ß-fn¬ ]©m-cn-ta-fsØ ""tZh-hmZyw c≠p taf-ßfpw IrXy-amb A£-c-Im-e-Øn¬F∂pw, ]m≠n-ta-fsØ ""Akp-chm-Zy-sa∂pw hnti- - A[n-jvTn-Xw. ]©m-cn°v Bdp A£-cIm-esa-¶n¬, - -jn-∏n-°s∏-´p-hcp-∂p. c≠p taf-ßfp-tSbpw k{º- - - - ]m≠n°v ]Xn- ∂ mep A£- c - I mew F∂Zm-bßfnepw {]tbm-Kco-Xn-bn-epap≈ hyXn-bm-ß- - - - - hyXymkw am{Xw. ]Xn- ∂ mep A£- c - I m- e -fs{X Cu h¿Ko-IcWØns‚ ASn-ÿm-w. ]s£ - - - Øn¬Øs∂ Nn´- s ∏- S p- Ø nb AS- ¥ tafsØkm[m-c-W-°m-c-mb Hcmkzm-Z-Iv tNmZn-°m-p- Akp-c-hm-Zy-sa∂v Bcpw hnti-jn-∏n-®p-Im-Wp-∂n-≈Xv ]e tNmZy-ßfmWv. ]m≠n-tafw Iq´n-s∏-cp- - √. ]ns∂-ßns ]m≠n-tafw Akp-c-kz-`m-h-ap-≈-°n-s°m-≠m-cw-`n-°p-tºmƒ, ]©m-cn-tafw ]Xn-™m- Xmbn KWn-°-s∏´p? Bdm-s´-gp-s∂-≈n∏v XpS-cw-`n-°p∂p ˛ AYhm apdp-Inb {]IrXw ]m≠nsb ßnb BNm-c-߃°v AI-º-Sn-bm-bn-t∏m-Ip-∂XvAkp-chm-Zy-am-°p∂p Fs∂mcp kqN-. F∂m¬ - ""S-∏m≠n F∂ ]m≠n-ta-f-Øns‚ Hcp hI-t`-Z-{[pX-Xc {]tbmKw ]©m-cn-ta-fØnpw Ay-a√. - - am-Wv. Hckp-c-hm-Zy-amWv ]m≠n-tafw F¶n¬""Ipºn-´p≈ L-ta-dnb A©mw Ime-Ønse Xodp- CØcw BNm-c-߃°v Fßns AXp D]-tbm-I-emiw ]ns∂-sb-¥mWv? Xs∂-bpa√ ]©m-cn- Kn-°-s∏-Sp-∂p?. Ah-≤ hmtZym-]-I-c-W-ß-fn¬bnse apdp-°n-s°m-´¬ C∂p bphm-°fpsS lc-ambn - hnin-jvS-sa∂v sN≠sb hnti-jn-∏n-°m-dp-s≠-amdn-s°m-≠n-cn-°pIbs√? ¶nepw, sN≠-X-s∂ Hcp Akp-c-hm-tZym-]-I-c-W- ]©m-cn-tafw km[m-c-W-bmbn Hcp ssIøpw am-sW∂v ]d-bp-∂-hcpw C√m-Xn-√. IY-I-fn-bn¬Hcp tImepw sIm≠mWv sIm´p-∂-Xv. ""tXm¬∏- kv{Xo IYm-]m-{X-߃°v sN≠- hm-bn-°m-Xn-cn-°p-‰p≈ CSw-ssI-tø-Ip∂ i_vZam-[pcyw ]©m-cn°v - ∂Xv CXn-smcp DZm-l-c-W-ambn Nq≠n-°m-Wn- 77
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010°m-dp-≠v. F∂m¬ IY-I-fn-bn¬Øs∂ Ah-Xm- ®n-cp∂ kpIp-amc Ie-Isf Akp-c-kz-`m-h-ap-≈-cw, Ai-cocn apXemb hninjvS kµ¿`-߃°v sX∂v Bcpw ]d-™p-tI-´n-´n-√. ]ns∂-¥np al-sN≠-bpsS hew-X-e-am-‰p-Iq-´p-∂p NS-ßp-I-fnse Ømb ΩpsS Cu taf-k-º-Øns C√mØ Hcptkm]m-Øv D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂n√ F¶nepw Ie-iw, tZhm-kp-c-Xz-Øns‚ t]cn¬ th¿Xn-cn-°Ww?.{io`q-X-_en apX-emb thf-I-fn¬ hmZy-ß-fn¬ Bkp- c - { ]- I r- X - Ø ns‚ t]cn- e - s √- ¶ nepw{][mn sN≠-X-s∂. C°mcyw ChnsS {]kvXm- Nº, AS-¥, A©-S-¥, {[phw apX-emb A]q¿∆-hn-®Xv sN≠-Xs∂ Hcp Akp-c-hm-Zy-a-s√-∂n-cn- ta-f-ßfpw, BNm-c-]-c-amb hne-°p-I-fpsS t]cn¬s°, sN≠ {]mamWyw hln-°p∂ taf-߃°n-S- Nne t£{X- ß - f n¬ sIm´m- d n- √ . {][m taf-bnse th¿Xn-cn-hnv ne-n¬∏n√ F∂v ka¿∞n- Ønptijw sNº-S°p ]Icw AS-¥-bn¬ hI-°p-hm-m-Wv. sIm-´n-b-Xnv Hcp taf-{]-am-Wn°v t£{X-Øn¬ Nn¥-Iƒ Hcp aq∂v ]Xn-‰m≠v ]pd-tIm´p ]ng-b-S-t°-≠n-h∂ Hcp kw`hw Hm¿Ω-h-cp-∂p.t]mIp-∂p. Hcp alm-t£-{X-Øns‚ D’-hm-tLm- Adn- h p≈ Iem- I m- c - ∑ m- c psS Zu¿e`yw aqewj-amWv kµ¿`w. {]K-¤-cmb c≠p Iem-Im-c-∑m- A]q¿∆-ta-f-߃ mam-h-ti-j-am-bn-s°m-≠n-cn-cpsS Xmb-º-I. t£{Xm-¶-WØn¬ ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ s°, CØ- c - Ø n- e p≈ {]hr- Ø n- I ƒ IqSp- X ¬S-Øp-hm-p≈ hn]p-e-amb k÷o-I-c-W-߃ tZmjw am{Xta sNøp-I-bp-≈q.D≠v. F∂n-cp-∂mepw Xmb-ºI S-°p-∂Xv aXn- ap- ° n- ∂ m- h iyw Iem- c q- ] - ß - f psS ne-enp ]pd-Øm-Wv. Imc-W-sa-s¥-∂t√? B t£{X- n¬∏m-Wv. hcpw Xe-ap-d-bn-te-°p≈ Ah-bpsSØns‚ BNm-capk-cn®v Xmb-ºI Hcp Akp-c- kpc-£n-Xamb ssIam-‰am-Wv. Bkzm-ZIcn-s√-¶n¬ - - - -hm-Zy-as{X! AXn-m¬ Xmb-º-IbpsS ÿmw Ie°v ne-n¬∏n√. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂, {]Nm-aXn¬°p-]p-dØv! ]s£ a‰p ]e t£{X-ß-fnepw c-ap≈ ]©mcn, ]m≠n taf-߃°pw, ]©-hm-Zy-Fgp-s∂-≈n∏p ka-bØv Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p∂ hmZy- Ønpw, Xmb-º°pw ]pdta A]q¿∆-ta-f-ßfpwcq-]-amWv Xmb-ºI F∂Xv ChnsS hnkva-cn-°- t£{X- ß fn¬ sIm´Ww; Bfp- I ƒ Ahs∏-Sp-∂p. ]n∂oSv Iem-t{]-an-I-fpsS DZy-a-Øm¬ sIm´nt°ƒ°- W w. bmYm- ÿ n- X nI Nn¥-Xmb-ºI Cu t£{X-Øn¬ aXn¬°-IØv Xs∂ Iƒ°mWv ChnsS hne°p I¬∏n-t°-≠-Xv, taf-sIm´n-Øp-Sßn ˛ amXr-Im-]-c-amb Hcp ]cn-{i-aw. cq- ] - ß ƒ°- √ . c≠p- t cw Fgp- ∂ - ≈ n- ∏ p- ≈ ,Xmb-ºI Hcp Akp-c-hm-Zy-sa-¶n¬ hmtZym-]-I-c- At©m, Gtgm, ]tØm Znhkw o≠p-n¬°p∂W-ß-fn¬ {_m“Wyw Iev]n-°-s∏-´n-´p-≈, D]-- D’-h-ß-fn¬ GXmpw kµ¿`-ß-sf-¶nepw Cub-m-Zn-Iƒ S-Ø-s∏-´p-t]m-cp∂ angm-hn¬ Xmb-ºI sIm´m≥ km≤y-X-bn-√. Akp-c-`m-h-Øns‚ A]q¿∆-ta-f-߃°mbv o°n hbv°p-hm≥ Iem-n¿h-Nw Chn-sSbpw Xncp-Ø-s∏-Sp-∂p. Ie-Iƒ t{]-an-Iƒ ap≥ssI-sø-Sp-°-Ww. F¶n¬ am{Xtak¿∆-hym-]vX-ß-fm-Wv. ]pcmW IY-I-fn¬ tZh-k- taf-߃°v ne-n¬∏p-≈q.Z- nepw, Akp-c-k-Z- nepw Iem-cq-]-߃ Ah-X- ""taf-ta-Xm-bmepw, ta∑-bp-≠m-bm¬ aXncn-∏n-°m-dp-≠v. Akpc kZ- p-I-fn¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n- F∂-Xm-Is´ ΩpsS ap{Zm-hm-Iyw. sI.-hn. apc-fo-tam-l≥ :˛ Xriq¿ Pn√-bnse Ccn-ßm-e-°pS kztZ-in. tP¿W-en-k-Ønepw IΩyq- Wn-t°-j-nepw _ncp-Zm--¥c _ncp-Z-߃. sslZ-c-_m-Znse {]i-kvX-amb Hcp k¿∆-I-em-im-e-bn¬ Db¿∂ DtZym-Kw. Iem-˛-kmw-kv°m-cnI cwK-ß-fn¬ kPoh {]h¿Ø-w. amXr-`q-an, FIvkv{]-kv, lnµp- ÿm≥ ssSwkv, Zn lnµp, C¥y≥ FIvkv{]-kv, yqkv ssSw XpS-ßnb Bp-Im-en-I-ß-fn¬ 150-˛-tesd teJ-߃. sXepKp k¿∆-Iem-im-ebpsS Kth-jW {]kn-≤o-IcWØn¬ teJ-w. tP¿W-en-kØn¬ - - - - - - - Ipe-]Xn kph¿W-ap-{Z, Sn.-sI.-Fw. dmhp Ahm¿Uv XpS-ßnb ]pc-kv°m-c-߃. 78
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 XmacwIpfßc taf{Xbw v IrjvW-mYv hn. v 365 Znhkw `‡sc ImØpc£n°p∂ Ipfßcbv°v kz¥sa∂v AhImis∏Smhp∂`Khm≥ XmacwIpfßc {io [¿ΩimkvXmhns “ taf{Xbw ” F∂ ]Zw D¤hn®Xv! 1996h¿jØn¬ Hcn°¬ Fgp∂≈n°ptºmƒ AXv (sIm√h¿jw 1172)se aIchnf°v ZnhkwcmPIob s{]uVntbmsS cmPKcnbn¬ ]pdØndßnb amXr`qan Zn]{XØnemWvtZimY≥ {io ]q¿W{Xbois‚ Ap{Kl BZyambn XmacwIpfßc taf{Xbw F∂ ]ZwØm¬ Hcp cmPIpamcs t]mse BhWw F∂ {]kn≤oIcn®Xv. B h¿jamWv ]I¬∏qcØnvhnbs‚ `mjbmWv XmacIpfßc aIchnf AIºSnbmbn ]©hmZyhpw Bcw`n®Xv. cmhnse°np ]pXnsbmcp ]cnthjw ¬InbXv. B S°p∂ iothen°p AIºSnbmIp∂ ]©mcn{`m¥pw taf{`m¥pw Dƒs∏sS D’h{`m¥v aqØ tafw, D® Xncn™v S°p∂ ]I¬∏qcØns‚Hcp ]‰w {]h¿ØIcpsSD’mlw IqSnbmbt∏mƒB{Kl߃ Hmtcm∂mbnXmacwIpfßcbn¬ Actßdn. D‰ptm°mpw amXrIbm°mpw DØaamb hr›ntIm’hw D≈t∏mƒ FhnsSn∂pw XpSßWw F∂Xn¬Aø∏ tkhm kanXn°vsX√pw kwiban√mbncp∂p.BZyw ]©hmZyw Bcw`n®p.]©mcntafØnpw ]m≠ntafØnpw {]K¤¿ AWnnc∂p. XpS¿∂v Bt{]anIfpsS lcamb awKemwIp∂vKW]Xn F∂ KPtIkcnsbaIchnf°pmƒ Fgp∂≈n®p. {io ]q¿W{Xboi ]©hmZyw, cm{Xn S°p∂ hnf°nv sImgp-t∏-s‚bpw {io [¿ΩimkvXmhns‚bpw Ap{Kl Ip∂ ]m≠ntafw F∂o hmZytafßsfbmWvØm¬ IÆnpw ImXnpw Ipfn¿ΩbmIp∂ Hcp taf{Xbw F∂v {]Xn]mZn°p∂Xv. ]eD’h]mcºcyØnv XmacwIpfßcbn¬ t£{Xßfnepw Cu aq∂v hmZytafßfpw Htcmµnbmbn. Znhkw Xs∂ AhXcn∏n°s∏Smdps≠¶nepw FßnsbmWv ]pXnb am‰ßƒ `‡ Ch aq∂pw AXns‚Xmb imkv{XobXtbmsSPßfnte°v FØn°p∂Xv F∂v Nn¥n® AhXcn∏n°s]Sp∂p F∂XmWv XmacwIpfßct∏mgmWv Zn]{Xßfn¬ hniZamb coXnbn¬ taf{XbØns‚ khntijX.hm¿ØIƒ {]kn≤oIcn°phm≥ kanXn taf{XbamWv XmacwIpfßc aIchnf°nvXocpamn®Xv . CXns‚ ^eambmWv Xmacw AXns‚Xmb s{]uVnbpw `wKnbpw ssIhcn°p 79
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010hm≥ klmbIamb {][mLSIw. aIchnf°v Znhkwt£{XØn¬ hmZytafßf√msXa‰v Iem]cn]mSnIƒ AhXcn∏n°s]SpI t∂ hncfamWv. {io ]q¿W{Xbois‚ hr›ntIm’hØnv tijw Xr∏qWnØpdbn¬ imkv{Xobamb IW°pItfmsS AhXcn∏n°s]Sp∂]©mcn tafamWv taf{XbØns‚BZy Cw. XmacwIpfßc t£{XØn¬ sImSntbdn D’hwBcw`n®Xv apX¬ cmhnseiothen°v ]©mcnbmWv ]Xnhv.{io kZw ZnhmIcamcmcpsS {]amWØn¬ Htc ÿeØv h®v AhXcn∏n°p∂p F∂S∂ncp∂ tafØnv ]mgq¿ ZmtamZcamcm¿, khntijX XmacwIpfßcbnep≠v . shbn¬]p∂bv°¬ _meIrjvWamcm¿, amfntb°¬ A[nIw G¬°msX apgph≥ tafIemImctKmhnµamcm¿, tXtcmgn¬ cmaIpdp∏v XpSßnb ∑m¿°pw nesIm≈mmhp∂Xpw tafØns‚{]K¤¿ ]s¶Sp°mdp≠mbncp∂p. taf{Xbambn sImgp∏v h¿≤n∏n°p∂p. A©mwImeØns‚Bcw`n®Xnp tijamWv imkv{Xob coXnbn¬ Ipgadn™ Iemiw BIptºmgtØ°pw BkzmZaqt∂ap°m¬ aWn°qtdmfw o≠pn¬°p∂ I¿ aXn ad∂v tafIemImc∑m¿°v ]pjv]hrjvSnXcØn¬ ]©mcntafw AhXcn∏n°p∂Xv . SØp∂Xpw ChnSpsØ {]tXyIXbmWv.cmhnse 9 aWntbmsS Bcw`n°p∂ iothen°v tIcfØnse H∂mwInS KPhoc∑m¿`Khms‚ XnSºv Gdptºmƒ taf{]amWw `Khms‚ XnStº‰p∂Xv BkzmZI¿°v tafhln°p∂ {io kZw ZnhmIcamcm¿ Imew Øns‚ {ihW kpJtØmsSm∏w bkpJhpwncØpIbmbn. Xrt∏°pfw A®pXamcm¿, ¬Ip∂p. Ign™ h¿jw ]XnImew IpgN°wIpfw A∏pamcm¿ XpSßnb almcY∑m¿ ]e adn™t∏mƒ c≠v IrjvW]cp¥pIƒ t£{Xh¿jßfn¬ ]©mcntafØnv {]amWw Øns‚ hmhoYnbn¬ h´an´v ]d∂Xv `‡nhln®n´p≠v. 120 Hmfw IemImc∑m¿ ]s¶Sp°p∂ tbmsS Hm¿°p∂p. AXv `Khms‚ kwXr]vXntafØn¬ s]cphw kXoipw ]gphn¬ Adnbn®p sIm≠p≈ hnfw_camsW∂Xn¬cLphpamWv Ipd®p Imeßfmbn ZnhmIc sX√pw kwiban√!amcm¿°v hew CSambn n∂v tafsØ tafw Bcw`n°p∂ kabØv Hcp taf]cnt]mjn∏n°p∂Xv. s]cphw Ip´≥ amcm¿, IemImcs BZcn°p∂Xpw F√m hmZyßfpsNdpt»cn Ip´≥ XpSßnb bphXeapdbnse sSbpw {]amWnam¿°v HmW]pSh ¬Ip∂XpwXnfßp∂ a‰p Xmcßfpw XmacwIpfßc ChnSpsØ Hcp NSßmWv. hmZytafßfneqsS]©mcntafØn¬ ]s¶SpØn´p≠v. tafØnv XmacwIpfßcbpsS {]ikvXn hmtmf]pIgvs]‰ A∏p{XbØnse c≠mw Xeapdbnse apb¿Ønb, XnI™ A¿∏Wt_m[tØmsSAwK߃ Hcpan®v ChnSsØ thZnbn¬ hmZytafßsf kº∂am°nb IemImc∑msckwKan®Xv `Khms‚ n›bamhmw! BZcnt°≠Xv Hcp DØchmZnXambmWv kanXn ]©mcntafØns‚ BZy aq∂v Imeßfpw I≠Xv. 1997¬ jjvSy_vZ]q¿Øn BtLmjn® 80
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010hntijthfbn¬ taf{]amWn {io kZw ∂Xv. ]©hmZyØnv B[nImcnIamb Xriq¿ZnhmIcamcm¿°v kz¿Æ]X°w ¬InbmWv, ]qcØnse XncphºmSn˛]mdta°mhv hn`mKßXr∏qWnØpd Kcnbn¬ BZyambn hmZy fnse {]amWnam¿ XmacwIpfßcbn¬ H∂ntafIemImc∑msc BZcn°p∂ NSßnv °p∂p F∂Xv A`nam]q¿∆w kanXn ImWp∂p.XmacwIpfßc thZnbmbXv . bi:icocmb ]XnImew apX¬ CSImew hsc Htc ÿeØv]WvUnXcXvw Pn. hnizmYi¿Ωsb D]lmcw n∂v AhXcn∏n°p∂p F∂XmWv XmacwkΩmn°p∂ ZuXyw BZc]q¿∆w G¬∏n®p Ipfßc ]©hmZyØns‚ {]tXyIX. ChnsSsIm≠v Aø∏ tkhm kanXn XßfpsS DØc ]©hmZyw Bcw`n®v Npcpßnb h¿j߃hmZnXw ndth‰n XpSßn. XpS¿∂p≈ h¿j °p≈n¬ Xs∂ tIcfØnse ]©hmZyßfn¬ apt≠-ºn≈n _me-Ir-jvWam-cm¿, ]∏pÆn - t{]anIfpsS a n¬ Ipdn®nSs∏´ Znhkambn]Wn-°¿, Ip∂Øv ]ctaizc≥ mb¿, aWnb aIcw 1. XmacwIpfßc ]©hmZyw F∂dnbs∏´pºdºn¬ Ip©pmb¿, Xrt∏Ipfw A®ypXamcm¿, XpSßnbtXmsS mSns‚ mmZn°pIfn¬s]cphw kXoi≥ amcm¿, tN¿∏v aWn, a®mSv n∂pw nch[n ]©hmZyt{]anIƒ aIchnf°paWnIWv T ≥, Iogq´v µ≥, Xr∏qWnØpd mƒ XmacwIpfßcbn¬ kwKan®p XpSßn.cRvPnXv. _n. amcm¿ F∂o tafIemImc∑msc cm{Xn ]ØctbmsS Bcw`n°p∂ hnf°nXmacwIpfßc Aø∏ tkhm kanXn “ {io mWv ]m≠ntafw ActßdpI. ]m≠ntafØnv[¿ΩimkvXm” ]pckv°mcw ¬In BZcn®n´p≠v. apt∂mSnbmbn tIfn, sImºv]‰v, Ipg¬]‰v F∂nh D® Xncn™v aq∂caWntbmsSbmWv hnf°mNmcØns‚ `mKambn S°p∂p. XpS¿∂v]I¬∏qcw Fgp∂≈n∏v Bcw`n°p∂Xv. mep sNºStafØns‚ AIºSntbmsS t£{XShgnaWntbmsS t£{XØns‚ ap≥hiØv {]tXyIw bneqsS Fgp∂≈p∂ `Khmv I¿∏qcZo]Xømdm°nb ]¥enemWv ]©hmZyw Actß Imgv ® bpw ]pjv ] hrjv S nbpw SØn `‡¿dpI. bixicocmb tNm‰mn°c mcmbW Bfln¿hrXn tSp∂p.amcmcpsSbpw {io sN¿∏p≈t»cn inhs‚bpw t£{XaXn¬s°´nIØv {]thin®vtXrXzØnemWv 1996¬ ]©hmZyw Bcw`n®Xv. B¬Ødbv°cpIn¬ h®mWv s]cphwmcmbWamcmcpsS Imetijw {io tNm‰mn°c kXois‚ {]amWØn¬ ]m≠ntafw sIm´nhnPbmWv ]©hmZyØnv {]amWw hln°p Iemin°p∂Xv. shfpØ ]´vIpSItfm, shfpØ XgItfm NqSnb KPhoc∑m¿, sh¥shfns®ÆbpsS hmk bn¬ IØnsbcnbp∂ ap∏¥ aS°ap≈ ]¥ßƒ F∂nh Hcp {]tXyIm¥co£w Xs∂ aIc XWp∏n¬ krjvSn°p∂p. sImep º¬, ss`chncmKØnep≈ Ipdpw Ipg¬ hmZtØmsSbp≈ ]Xn Imew, BthiØns‚ D®ÿmbn seØp∂ ap´nt∑tedp∂ Imew F√mw Xs∂ BkzmZI a n¬ ÿmw ]nSn°p∂p. Cc´tImep]tbmKn®p≈ tafßfn¬ {]YaÿmØv 81
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010 BkzmZIcpsS AIagn™ t{]m’mlhpw hmZytafIem Imc∑mcpsS XnI™ Bflm¿ ∞XtbmsSbp≈ A¿∏W t_m[hpw k¿t∆m]cn `Khm≥ {io ]q¿W{Xbois‚bpw Xmacw Ipfßc {io [¿Ωimkv X mhn s‚bpw Ap{Klm»n pIfmWv XmacwIpfßc taf{XbsØ tIcfØnIØpw ]pdØpw {]ikvXam°n am‰p∂Xv!!! F√m IemImc∑mtcbpw, BkzmZ Itcbpw, AhcpsS IpSpw_mwKß tfbpw F√mhn[ BbpcmtcmKyn¬°p∂ ]m≠ntafsØ Bkpcsa∂v skuJyßfpw ¬In {io ]q¿Æ{Xboipw {io{]Xn]mZn®v t£{XØnIØv AhXcn∏n°p∂ [¿ΩimkvXmhpw Ap{Kln°s´ F∂v Bflm¿]Xnhn√. B¬Ød km[mcW t£{X{]mIm ∞ambn {]m¿∞n°p∂p. hcpw h¿jßfnepwc߃°v ]pdØmsW∂Xv sIm≠v Xmacw taf{Xbw ta¬°pta¬ {]ikvXn B¿÷n°pwIpfßcbn¬ B¬Ødbv°cpInemWv ]m≠n F∂v {]Xo£n°p∂p.tafw S°pI. ]m≠ntafw Iemin°p ∂tXmsS kzmantb icWaø∏!!!ASpØ h¿jsØ Hcp°ßƒ Bcw`n®v sIm≠v XmacwIpfßc {io [¿ΩimkvXm icWw!!!XmacwIpfßc taf{XbØnv ]cnkam]v X n {io ltc ax!!!bmhpIbmbn. IrjvW-mYv hn. :˛ F≥Pn-o-b-dnwKv _ncp-Z-[m-cn. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc Aø∏ tkhm kan-Xn-bpsS kPoh {]h¿Ø-I≥. aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLm-j-I-Ωn‰n I¨ho-¿. mVecf MjCX D’h Znhkßfn¬ ùMrakebfnfvgúf¬ svÖxbfäTgkW ceùlceCx släfãfTgÿlx. FlfvebMõceã svÖx Y©pv~WTx bBfheëeãf Dqh¥fTebgÿleCx. 82
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-ßc aI-c-hn-f-°m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2010Cu h¿jsØ {io [¿ΩimkvXm ]pckvImcw {io. t]mdmØv amcmØv N{µ-ti-J-c-am-cm¿°v t]m-ImsX, Ime-ß-fpsS G‰n-®p-cp-°-ep-Iƒ `wKn- bm-°p-hm≥ sIm®-n-b≥ amcm¿°p≈ Ignhv {]iw- k-o-bam-Wv. ]mc-ºcy-am-bn-´mWv At±-lØnv B - - - Ignhv kn≤n-®-Xv. cmP-`-c-W-Im-eØv t]mdmØv amcmØv henb i¶-c-am-cm¿ sIm®n alm-cm-Pm- hn¬ n∂pw hoc-irw-Je tSnb {]K-¤-m-Wv. t]mdmØv amcmØv Im¿Øym-bn amcm-kym- cmcpsSbpw amt°mØvamcmØv i¶-c≥am-cm-cp- sSbpw aI-mbn Pn® sIm®-n-b≥amcm¿, t£{X- I- e - I ƒ A`y- k n®Xv amXp- e - mb t]mdmØv cma≥amcm-cpsS in£-W-Øn-em-Wv. ]øq-c-°mhv ]qcw, Ipa-c-©nd ]Øm-ap-Z-bw, Imhn¬ Im¿Øn- I, F∂n-h°v ]pd-ta Xr»n-h-t]-cq¿, Xr∏q-Wn-Øp- d, Ccn-ßm-e-°p-S F∂n-hn-S-ß-fnse {]kn≤ D’- h-߃°pw, ]qc-Ønpw he-¥e {]am-Wn-bmbn sIm®-n-b≥amcm-cmWv D≠m-Ip-I. Xma-cw-Ip-f-ß- c-bnse taf-Ønv apS-ßmsX ]s¶-Sp-°p∂ {io. sIm®-n-b≥amcm¿, Ign™ Hcp Zim-_vZ-°m-e- ambn he-¥e {]am-Wn-bm-Wv. i¶-c-]p-cØv amcmØv cm[amcm-kym-cmWv kl-[¿Ωn-Wn. cm[n-I, cXo-jv, cmPohv F∂n-h¿- a°ƒ. cXo-jpw, cmPohpw _n.tImw ]Tw-I-gn™v taf- ° - º - ° m¿°n- S - b nepw taf- I - e m- I m- c - Ct∏mƒ t£{X-{]-hrØn-Iƒ sNøp-∂p.∑m¿°n-S-bnepw t]mdmØv sIm®-n-b≥ F∂-dn- {]i-kvX-amb Xr»n-h-t]-cq¿ ]qc-Ønv Ime-b-s∏-Sp∂ {io. t]mdmØv amcmØv N{µ-ti-J-c-am- ß-fmbn ]md-ta-°mhv hn`m-K-Øn-emWv sIm®-n-cm¿°mWv Cu h¿jsØ ""{io[¿Ω-imkvXm b≥amcm¿ ]s¶-Sp-°p-∂Xv. 2009-˛se ]qc-Ønv ]md- -]pc- k v ° m- c w. Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c Aø∏mtkhm ta-°mhv tZhkzw hI kz¿Æ-∏-X-°-Ønv A¿l-kanXn h¿jw-tXmdpw ¬In-h-cm-dp≈ Cu ]pc- m-bXv {io. sIm®-n-b≥am-cm-cm-Wv.kv°mcw hmZy-ta-f-I-em-Im-c-∑m-tcm-Sp≈ kan-Xn-bpsS µnbpw Ah¿°p≈ t{]m’m- l - hpw {io. N{µ-ti-J-c-am-cm¿°pw At±-l-Øns‚BWv. IpSpw-_mw-K-߃°pw F√m-hn[ Bbp-cm-tcmKy kuJy-ßfpw D≠m-I-s´-sb∂v {io]q¿Æ-{X-bo-i- nc-h[n taf-ßfnepw Xmb-º-I-fnepw he- tmSpw Xma- c w- I p- f - ß c {io[¿Ω- i m- k v X m- h n-¥e {]am- W n- b mbn sIm®- n- b ≥amcm¿ Xs‚ tmSpw Bflm¿∞-ambn {]m¿∞n-®p-sIm-≈p-∂p.Ignhv sXfn-bn-®n-´p-≠v. taf-Øns‚ BZy-h-kmwD’m-l-tØm-sS, he-¥-e-bn¬ Xmfw tNm¿∂p- kzmantb ic-W-a-ø∏m!!! 83