Makarajyothi 2005
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Makarajyothi 2005

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Makarajyothi 2005, Theme based Souvenir published in connection with Makaravilakku festival of Thamaramkulangara Sree Dharmasastha Temple, Tripunithura, Kerala, India...

Makarajyothi 2005, Theme based Souvenir published in connection with Makaravilakku festival of Thamaramkulangara Sree Dharmasastha Temple, Tripunithura, Kerala, India
Publisher: Thamaramkulangara Ayyappa Seva Samithy
www.thamara.net

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Makarajyothi 2005 Makarajyothi 2005 Document Transcript

  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 X¯zakn ]pWyw ]q¯p XfnÀ¯ ]pjv¡-cn-Wn-X³þXoc¯v [z-´-coþ a{´w hoWp InfpÀs¯m-cu-j[n almþ hr£w hfÀ¶n¶nXm a¶n-¦Â¡en-tcm-K-_m[ kIew o¡n-Ê-akvXw kpJwþ X¶m,sI¯W-teIn nev]p; kpIrX tPymXn-ÊnXmIm¬apmw. XmacwIpf§c A¿¸ tkhm kanXn (TASS) 2
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 helg htqCÛùlãrMû becX heoX ùhmejõ ùMflogjfl ujX oìfCX kgÂxpãflVe pevgvõeOeã beacljcfljYgpX aMóaYesi vfOeã hËelx heCfoVaãv ùhlfYëMcav MXKòaùk oOevû aoabe YtóeOfãg©û ùlfoMhlfvglû helghtqCÛùlãrMû lecjXkgä~j ùMr OqîMem£eab MjCX anekbrjõX cuehtpõX heaÍõM bXMlfnkX mqbª jìekjX bfYgX akjaä akäf bfùiuX heqbªlr uôoãevÌX EqèùleChjX aobX Mem£ejX ùhCcecõuX Mem£ejX ùhCcecõuX hájÔeKõaclox aãe bfùh htpõX bfMV bÌõX vflõX Mgíû haæÿjû lmõ ùhmaÿe Yibez bfóÛg MXaYeû ùhfãX mglX Mem£e bmlf cevam ìfùh ùhmeovfjlX Mem£ejX ùhCcecõuX YtlveL moevÌe mqbª Ytloãehje jìjìcue yeaue cècelXi icvX Meam£ lgYõX vace vcû kejgCõecôl htjflX ãmõ OvVéjfq cele mqbª bfIxv ujX aobX hfle jgaùoeYfó©cû Mem£ejX ùhCcecõuX lX Mem£ejX DuX baÌ cuessboõX oãevfOfX DmxclxkganMVjX aobX Dvõoe MjCX vem£f Dmxclxßùlg bfveMvX lVacb MjCX cc DmxcofóØ ùhoelejX lmxceox kejgCõ Yeabv Mem£ejX ùhCcecõuX jì jì cueùhaYe! 3
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 SRI POORNATHRYEESHAN SAHAYAM SRI CHOTTANIKKARAMMA SAHAYAM Puliyannoor Divakaran Namboothiripad Eroor P.O., - 682 306, Tripunithura. 19-12-2004Ref. Date : .......................... Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c {io [À½-imkvXm t£{X-¯nse DÕ- h - t ¯m- S - p- _ - Ô n¨v {]kn- ² o- I - c n- ¡ p¶ “aI-c-tPymXn” kvac-WnI 2005 p FÃm hn[ `mhp-I-§fpw A¿¸ `K-hmsâ Ir]m ISm-£hpw D- m - I s« F¶ Biw- k n- ¡ p- ¶ p. X{´n Znhm-I-c³ ¼q-Xn-cn-¸mSv 4
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 BapJw jepvijfãeã lôh¥tCfègJãfsn GÁbemVeokq GÁbmXmxkejX l~ägsë prbflèfszÜ DXMceTfãlfw ùMr htqCÛ ù lãrM aìaùle- ÁbX sòngèfãfjfTgÿ mVeOrvX DbqCÛvrãX lsÿ. kenX ceJfãfögX, mXmxkejX krBxacw cJfåfögX ùMr htqCÛ ù lãrMszÜ bôËfakeÁb- èfszÜ jepkrãl FÿgX vfJXc~esl vfnvfwTgÿg. ùMr htqCÛùlãrMszÜ bôËfakewmbX celôkãeTf lsÿãeCx lecjXkgä~j aìaùleÁbX Fÿsè jrlfãfw òfösh¥ëgèfãlx. GÁbeaIeóèfszÜ cgaÿeëfãeãf cgzbqó~äfsn ahesn Fd bqóbgX ckj apõelf lÖeJeãf kBfåfjfTgÿg. aìùlknkägsë Gÿ- cvèfveãf cgzbqó~äfw ckjapõelfãfntsë vëèfã ùMcX ùMífT- sh¥ëgkãgçeãf. Fd bqósè ckjapõelf jehkw aYocavõ aobraob|ejgsë SBgÿúèfvx Dkêëf ambfTgÿ ipjep|eqTgú Zjg keCfTãe- Cx. iphjfhenv jXisè bfoixojeã YfóiVj|eq, GëcÆq, EvTeq Sÿfbjgsë anKv~W, GÁbemVeokqTgX EvaùhcfkWTgX EmVe- oõkjcekgX Sÿg ùhlrìfTgÿg. ckjapõelfãgsë htqèrkjCèfvx mukjfòª anKk|eq, cXiäe- MXmkW avqÿ culxbõ©fkW, hjmõ~W vwkf mueãfòª Æehvcg- ëckW, caveujceãf Dòªëfòªg lÿ cele ZeHxsmJÜx ùhfazÜBxmx, Â~- ägsë Snâe mXjXY~äfngX DkcBfåg mukjfòª Y©pv~W, Sÿfb- ajeëx DÖh¥ambemcflfTgú vÌf beTgkäfw ZlgTebgÿlnâ. GÁbeaIeó~äfw hsRëgTgbeveãf AbajãgX ìCfTgÿale- sëeh¥X ambfh¥bqTevÌctqèfãeãx YbfTgÿ lecjXkgä~j ùMrOqî- Mem£ebx AbajãgX EãgjeajeiõmdKõX vwkf DvgùiufTsö Sÿx ùheqÓfòªgskeçx “ckjapõelf” lecjXkgä~j ùMrOqîMem£ebfszÜ heoe- jbfÌ~äfw mcqh¥fTsö. ùMruajvcû mVecfaã MjCX DÖh¥ Iym]vä³ Fkv. tKm]m-e-Ir-jvW³ ùhmføzÜx lecjXkgä~j DÖh¥ambe mcflf 5
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 aI-c-tPym-Xn-bn-eq-sS.. . . . . . . Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c {io[À½-im-kvXm-t£-{X-¯nse aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLm-j-t¯mSp- _-Ôn¨v “aI-c-tPymXn” F¶ kvac-WnI aq¶mw ]Xn-¸n-te¡v IS-¡p-I-bm-Wv. {]Ya hÀjw t£{XIem hmtZym-]-I-c-W-§-sf-¡p-dn-¨pw ZznXob hÀjw D²-cn-bv¡-s¸- tS- - X pw {]Nm- c - ¯ n- e p- Å - X p- a mb t£{X- I - e - I - s f- ¡ p- d n¨pw {]Xn- ] m- Z n- ¨ p- s Im- - m -bn-cp¶p aI-c-tPymXn {]kn-²o-I-cn-¨-Xv. Cu hÀjw B-I-sf-¡p-dn-¨p-Å-XmWv R§-fpsS kwcw-`w.B t{]an-I-fmb `à-P--§Ä¡v, hnin-jy, Xr¸q-Wn-¯p-d-¡mÀ¡v CXv hn`-h-k-ar-²-amb ‘ B-hn-tij kZy’ Xs¶bmIp-sa¶v R§Ä {]Xym-in-¡p-¶p. B-¡-¼-¡m-cmWv H«p-an¡ DÕ-h-t{]-an-I-fpw. “B-¡-¼w, taf-¡¼w ” F¶ sNmÃv AzÀ°-am-¡p-¶-h-cmWv ½Ä. GXp m«n-em-bm-epw, GXp tPmen-bn-em-bmepw DÕ-h-¡m-e-§-fn Bbv¡pwtaf- ¯ npw ap¼n nev ¡ m- pw, Bkz- Z n- ¡ mpw kabw Is- - ¯ p- ¶ - h - c mWv ½Ä. inip apXÂhtbm-hr-²³ hsc CXn-sm-c-]-hm-Za-Ã. A§-s-bpÅ ap¡v B-I-sf-¡p-dn-¨pÅ hnti-j-§fpwhnh-c-§fpw lrZ-bm-hÀP-I-§-fm-Ip-sa¶v ]d-tb-- Xn-Ã. Cusbmcp Nn´-bmWv B-I-sf-¡p-dn¨v Hcpkvac-WnI F¶ Bibw R§Ä¡v evIn-b-Xv. D¯-a-K-P-§-fpsS e£-W-§-f-dn-bp-hmpw Ahsb I-p a-Ên-em-¡p-hm-pw, Ah-bpsS ip`m-ip-`-e-£-W-§-sf-¡p-dn-¨-dn-bmpw B t{]an-IÄ Gsd Xev]-c-cm-Wv. AXn-p-th--n-bp-Å-XmWv C¯-h-Ws¯ R§-fpsS Cu Ffnb kwcw-`w. ap- j yÀ ]- p apXte B t{]an- I - f m- b n- c p- ¶ p. AXn- pÅ sXfn- h mWv hf- s c- ¸ t- {io oe- I -WvT³ ¼o-im cNn-bv¡s¸« “amXw-Keoe”. ]{´-p ]S-e-§-fn-embn Fgp-Xnb Cu {KÙ-¯n At±lw - - -KP-§-fpsS ip`mip`-e-£-W-§Ä, BbqÀe-£-Ww, htbm-e-£-Ww, KP-c-£bv¡p sNt¿- Ap-{I-a-§Ä XpS§n B-I-sf-¡p-dn-¨pÅ FÃm hnh-c-§fpw ap¡v evIp-¶p. Xsâ {KÙ-¯n D¯a KP-§-sf-¡p-dn¨v {]Xn-]m-Zn-bv¡p¶ `mK¯v At±lw C§s hnh-cn-¡p-¶p. “ ˴ɶÉiªÉÉxÉJɺÉÆJªÉªÉÉÎSÉiÉ{Énù: º¡òÉ®úÉäxxÉÊiÉ: EÖÆò¦ÉªÉÉä- ®úÎSUôpùÉSɱɮúCiÉEòhÉǪÉÖMɱɺºÉÖ¶±ÉIhÉEòIÉ: Eò®úÒ * ºÉ´ªÉÉiªÉÖxxÉiÉ ¨ÉÉèÊCiÉEò tÖÊiÉ®únùººÉÆ{ÉÚhÉÇ EÖòIÉÒ: Gò¨É: ºlÉÚ±ÉVVÉÉǪÉiÉ SÉɯû¤ÉɱÉÊvÉEò®ú: {ÉÚMÉÒ ¡ò±É¶ªÉɨɱÉ: **”F¶p-sh-¨mÂ, mep-Im-ep-I-fn-ep-ambn Ccp-]Xp J-§-fpw, s]m§nb akvX-I-hpw, Xpf-bn-Ãm-¯-Xpw,cà-hÀ®-hp-amb sNhn-I-fpsS A{K-§-fpw, atm-l-c-§-fmb _mlp-aq-e-§-fpw, DbÀ¶-Xpw, ap¯nsâtim`-bp-Å-Xp-amb sIm¼p-I-fpw, hoÀ¯-h-bdpw, XSn-¨p-o- `wKn-bpÅ Xp¼n-bpw, hmepw, ss]§-b-S-bv¡-bpsSXpt]mse iyma-hÀ®-amÀ¶-Xp-amb B-bmWv e£-W-sam¯ B. Xr¸q-Wn-¯p-td-i-mb “{io ]qÀ®-{X-boi `K-hm³” henb B t{]an-bm-bn-cp-¶p-h-t{X. Hcn-¡Â]qÀ®-{X-bo-i ZÀi--¯n-mbn h¶ hnez-aw-Ke kzman-IÄ {iotIm-hn-en `K-hm-s-Im-WmsX k¦-S-s¸«v ]pd-¯p-h-¶-t¸mÄ `K-hm³ B-¸p-d¯v NmSn-¡-fn-¡p-¶Xv I-p-sh¶v sFXo-lyw. Xr¸q-Wn-¯pdDÕ-h-¯n-v, `K-hmv ]Xn-©v B-I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bmWv Fgp-¶-Ån-¸v. Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c {io[À½-im-kvXm-hnv aI-c-hn-f¡v Znhkw A©v KP-t{i-jvT·m-cpsS AI-¼-Sn-tbmsS 6
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 Fgp-¶-Ån¸v S-¯n-h-cp-¶p. C§s DÕ-h-§-fn-se-Ãmw, tZho-tZ-h-·mÀ¡v Hgn-¨p-Iq-Sm-m-hm-¯-Xm-Ip¶p B-IÄ. C{X-am{Xw {]k-àn-bpÅ B-I-sf-¡p-dn¨v Hcp kvac-WnI F´p-sIm-pw Ap-tbm-Py-am-bn- cn¡pw F¶v Icp-X-s«. B-t{]-an-I-fmb `à-P--§Ä R§-fpsS Cu kwcw-`-t¯mSv kl-I-cn-¡p-sa¶pw Cu kvac-WnI lÀtjm¡Àj-t¯msS kzoI-cn¡pw F¶p-apÅ {]Xym-i-tbmsS R§Ä, R§-fpsS Cu Ffnb D]- lmcw B-t{]-an-bmb {io]qÀ®-{X-bo-i-sâ-bpw, `à hÕ-e-mb Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c {io[À½ imkvXm-hn- sâbpw ]mZm-c-hn-µ-§-fn `àn-]p-c-Êcw kaÀ¸n-¨p-sIm-Åp-¶p. 20-12-2004 lcn. Fkv. sk{I-«dn, Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c A¿-¸-tkhm kanXn t£{X--ho-I-cW bÚ¯n ]¦m-fn-I-fmbn Hcp ]pcp-jm-bp-Ênsâ ]pWyw tSp-I. t£{X-¯nsâ ssNXyw þ tZi-¯nsâ ssNX-yw. t£{X ho-I-cW bÚ ]¦m-fn¯ ^e-{ipXn t£{X nÀ½mW {]hÀ¯--§-fn [-k-aÀ¸Ww S-¯n-bm Ignª Ggv P·-§-fn-tebpw hcp¶ Ggp-P-·-§-fn-tebpw ]m]w CÃm-Xm-Ip-sa¶v sshjvWh kwln-X-IÄ ]d-bp-¶p. 7
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 HHHHHH Df- f - S ¡w HHHHHH t]Pv t]PvA B- I - s f- I p- d n¨v c- v hm¡v 13 A KP-]p-cmWw 91 Bh-W-¸-d¼p atl-iz-c³ ¼q-Xn-cn-¸mSv An-b³A alm-{]-Øm--¡m-csâ amXw-K-Nn-´-IÄ 17 A Bbpw Ipcp-S³amcpw 97 amS¼v Ipªp-Ip-«³ {]k-¶-hÀ½A B-¡mcyw 25 A ]qc-¸-d-¼p-I-fpsS tcmam-©-amb Dr. sI. -Fw. F{_lmw Xc-I³ kpµ-c-cm-a³amÀ 103A {io]qÀ®-{X-bo-ipw B-Ifpw 29 {io kpµ-c-p-am-bp-ff apJm-apJw BÀ. hn. sI. X¼p-cm³ A KP-cm-P³ Kpcp-hm-bqÀ tIi-h³ 107A KP-im-kv{X-¯n-smcp ]oTnI 35 sNmÆ-ÃqÀ IrjvW³Ip«n IrjvW-Ip-amÀ sIm«m-c¯v A ]qap-ffn tiJ-c³ 113A kly-]p-{Xpw BS-bm-`-c-W-§fpw 39 apIp-µ³, Ip«³ Ipf-§c A kvarXn-bn hncn-bp¶ KP-hn-kvabw 114 sN§-ÃqÀ cwK-m-Y³A B-Isf ab¡pshSnsh¡p-¶Xnv ap³]pw ]n³]pw {i²n- t ¡- Nne- I m- c y- § Ä 43 A Akm- ¶ n²yw sIm- p w {it±- b - m- I p¶ Dr. cm[m-IrjvW ssIaÄ KPt{ijvT³ Xncp-h-¼mSn N{µ-ti-J-c³ 116A hrÝn-tImÂk-h-¯nv hncp-¶p-Im-cmbn A KP-cXvw KP-cm-P³ F¯nb KP-ho-c³amÀ 49 Kpcp-hm-bqÀ ]ß-m-`³ 117 cma-hÀ½ Ipªp®n X¼p-cm³ A ]pcp-jm-c§fpsS {]nb-¦c³ “KtPm-¯a³” - - - -A ]qc-§-fnse B-s¸-cpa 59 ]md-ta-¡mhv {io]-c-ta-iz-c³ 118 s{]m^. am[-h³Ip«n A ]qc-¸-d-¼p-I-fpsS AXn-Im-b-I³A Bsb ASp¯dnª Hcp ]m¸msâ 65 sX¨n-t¡m-«p-Imhv cma-N-{µ³ 120 Bß-KX§Ä- - {io. `mkvI-c³ mbcpam-bpÅ A`n-apJw A n§Ä¡-dn-bmtam 123 V. IrjvWmYv -A B-IÄ B{I-an-Ifm-Ip¶ kml-Ncy-§Ä 69 - - Dr. sI. kn. ]Wn-¡À A XXv Xzw Akn 125 K.C. tPmÀÖvA B þ ap-jy-a--Ên Xnf-§p¶ 75 AÛpXw t]cm-aw-Kew hniz-mYv A tZh-Xm- XXzw (Hcp hnl-K-ho-£-Ww) 135A B kwc-£-Whpw ]cn-]m-e-hpw 79 Fkv. inh-cm-a³ IS-¸mSv Elephant Manual A [À½-im-kvXm-hn-smcp ImhyA KtP-{µ-tam£w Im¯v tXh-cpsS B-IÄ 85 ]pjv]m-RvPen (I-hn-X) 139 inh-Zmkv hÀ½ cmP-e£van 8
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c t£{Xw Aym- [ o- ¯ nepw ]m«- ¡ m- c nepw sNs¶- ¯ p- I - bm P·nXzhpw BVy-Xzhpw am{Xw _m¡n-bm- bn. t£{X-¯nse nXy-nZm ]qPbpw aäpw apS- §p- s a¶ a«m- b n- ¯ oÀ¶p. me- ¼ - e hpw Npäp- a - Xnepw s]mfnªp ImSp-]n-Sn-¨p. Xma-c-bn-Ãm¯ Xma-c-¡pfw a®ph¶v XqÀ¶ a«n-em-bn. A§ns Hcp Znhkw B a-¡se D®n--¼q-Xncn sNmÆ-c - Xo-s¸« alm-cm-Pmhv Xncp-a--Êv ap¼msI t£{X- ¯nsâ Xmt¡m h¨v B tZhv dp-¡ne nth- Zyhpw A´n-¯n-cnbpw BsW¶ Zpc-hØ I®p- o- t cmsS DWÀ¯n- ¡ p- I - b p- - m - b n. Icp- W m- n- Xr¸q- W n- ¯ pd sIm¨n cmPm- ¡ - · m- c psS [nbpw km- X [À½- ` - à - p- a mb X¼p- c m³ BØm--am-bn-cp-¶p-htÃm, Ah-cpsS Ipe-ssZ-h- DSs Xmt¡m-te-äp-hm§n Cu imkvXm t£{Xw amb {io ]qÀ®-{X-bo-isâ t£{Xw ]pcm-X--t£- Gsä- S p- ¡ p- I bpw PoÀt®m- ² m- c Ww S- ¯ n- ¡ p- {X-§-fn H¶m-Ip-¶p. Cu m«-I¯p X¼p-cm-¡- Ibpw sNbvXp. Xma-c-¡p-fhpw tNdv o¡n sh«n¨v ·m-cpsS hI-bmbpw AÃm-sXbpw thsdbpw ]e c- p - ` mKw IÃp- s I«n IS- h p- ] - W nXv ¶m- ¡ p- I - b p- t£{X- § - f p- a ps- - ¦ nepw imkv X mhv apJy- { ]- X n- ap- - m - b n. t£{X- ¯ nse nXy- n- Z mw S- p anäw jvT-bpÅ t£{X-§-fn-sÃ-¶p-Xs¶ ]d-bmw. ]- tZh-kz-¯n n¶pw S-¯p-hm³ Iev]--bm-hp- ¦p-än-¸mew Ign-ªm-ep-Ss hSs¡ tIm«-hm-Xn- Ibpw sNbvXp. AXp-{]-Imcw C¶p-h-tcbpw ]qPm- enp kao]w hncm- P n- ¡ p¶ Xma- c w- I p- f §c Zn-Im-cy-§Ä `wKn-bmbn S¶p hcp-¶p. 1960 Fs¶mcp sNdnb tZhm- e - b - a p- - v . AhnsS [À½- A¶s¯ henb X¼p-cm³ ]co-jn¯v alm-cm- im- k v X m- h mWv apJy{]Xn- j v T . imkv X m- h nsâ Pmhv t£{X-¡pfw tNsd-Sp¯v sh«n¨v H¶p-IqSn hn{Klw hfsc sNdpXpw ]g¡w sN¶-Xp-am-Wv. ¶m-¡n. C{]-Imcw Cu {Kma-hm-kn-IÄ¡v Ipfn- samc- ¡ m- e - a - - h - I - b m- b n- c p¶p Cu tZhm- e - b w. ¸mpw `Pn- ¸ mpw Xma- c - ¡ p- f hpw t£{Xhpw Dt±iw ap¶q- d p- s Im- à s¯ ]g- ¡ - s a- ¦ nepw ¶m¡n ne-n-dp-¯n-¯¶ sNmÆc Xos¸« X¼p- ImWpw. ap¼n-es¯ Imc-W-h-cmb ZoÀL³ ¼q- cmsâ Imcp-Wym-Xn-tc-Is¯ C¶pw Chn-Ss¯ Xncn Hcp Nn{X-I-em-hn-cp-X-m-bn-cp-¶p. ]s£ Pohn- {Kmahr²-·mÀ hmgv¯n-t¸m-cp-¶p. Xr¸q-Wn-¯p- X- h r- ¯ n¡v tImhn- e - I - § - f n- e m- { i- b n¨p Ign- t b- n d-¡mÀ¡v BsI-bpÅ Cu Hcp A¿-¸-t£{Xw h¶p. At±-l-¯nsâ ac-W-tijw a¡-fmb D®- Cnbpw A`n- h r- ² n- s ¸- S p- ¯ p- h m³ m«p- I mÀ n-¼q-Xn-c-namÀ¡v t£{XImcyw tm¡n S-¯p- Hs¯m- c p- a n¨v {]b- X v n- t ¡- - X m- h - i y- a m- I p- ¶ p. hm³ Ign-hn-Ãm-Xm-bn-¯oÀ¶p. a-hI kz¯p-¡Ä lecjXkgä~j aìùl hgvjgíejC ùhbqèv~äfw mqbªeÎve mukjfTgk 9
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 BIsf-Ip-dn¨v 2 hm¡v Bh-W-¸-d¼p atl-iz-c³ ¼q-Xn-cn-¸mSv B-I-sf-]än hf-sc-tbsd IY-IÄ tI«p-X-g- bmepw aäp- a p- - m - I p¶ FÃp- I Ät¡- e v¡p¶¼n-¨-h-cmWv tIc-fo-b-cn `qcn-`m-Khpw. F¶m £Xw apX-em-b-hbpw Nnehsb nXy-tcm-Kn-bm-B-I-sf-]än Ah-bpsS Pohn-Xs¯ B[m-c-am¡n ¡p- ¶ p. Nneh ac- W - s ¸- S mpw km²y- X - b p- - v .A[n-I-amcpw kwkm-cn-¡m-dn-Ã. Ah¡pw _p²nbpw aäp Pohn-IÄ¡p {]Xy-£-ambn Ap-`-h-s¸-kvtl-hpw, tZjy-hpw, Zmlhpw, hni¸pw FÃmw Sm¯ aZw F¶ Hcp {]Xn-`mkw B-I-fpsS {]tXy-aäp Pohn- I - s f- t ¸mse Xs¶ D- v . aäp arK- § - t f- I- X - b m- W v . FÃmNcm- N - c - § Ä¡pw aZ- a p- s - ¶ mWv¡mÄ A[nIw _p²n-bp-s-¶p thWw ]d-bm³. 5 imkv{X-a-Xw. hr£-§Ä ]q¡p-¶Xp Ah¡p aZ-ap-hb-Êmb Ip«n-bpsS _p²n B-¡p-s- ¶mWv ]d- Å-t¸m-gm-W-s{X-þ-I-Ãn n¶v hmÀ¶p hcp¶ I«n-b- s ¸- S p- ¶ - X v . ap- j yÀ¡p- - m - I p¶ kÀÆtcmK- bmb Hcp Xcw ocmWv I·-Zw. B¡v aZ-ap--m-Ip-§fpw B- ¡ p- a p- m - I pw. Ah- b n ]mZ- t cm- K w, t¼mÄ aZ-Pew 8 `mK-§-fnÂIqSn ]pd-s¸«v Hen-¨n-d-F c - - - s ¡ « v (Constipation) Ch AXy-[nIw B- §p-¶p. A£n, Xmep, IS, t{imX, m`n, tImi, Ic,IÄ¡p D]-{Z-h-I-c-§fpw ac-W-Im-c-W-§-fp-am-Wv. kvXss: C§ns 8 `mK-§fn-eq-sS-bmWv aZw {khn- -£b-tcm-Khpw BZy-sa-Xs¶ Adnªp NnIn-Õn-¡m- ¡p-¶-Xv. C§ns aZ-ap-Å-t¸mÄ B-bpsS kzXXn- c p- ¶ m acW Imc- W - a m- I m- d p- - v . ap- j yÀ¡p Ên-²amb kz`m-h¯np Fs´-¶n-Ãm¯ amäw Ap- - - -tUmIvStdmtSm sshZy-tmtSm hnh-c§Ä [cn-¸n-¡m- - - `-hs¸-Spw. BZn a²ym-´§fmbn aZs¯ 3 Bbn hn`- - - - Pn-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. BZn aZ-¯nv Bcw-`-¯n Xs¶ Nne B-IÄ Ap-k-c-W-t¡-Sp-Im«n XpS- §pw, Nneh AXy-[n-I-amb Ap-k-c-W-t¡-Sp-Im- «pIbpw kzmX{´yw Ipd-s¨-¦nepw e`n-¨m hn{`m- ´n-ImWn¡pIbpw sN¿pw. aZw ]pd-s¸-Sp-sa¶ AhØ nXyhpw ImWp-¶-hÀ¡v Ap-`-h-s¸-Spw. ]n³ Iqdp-Lw h¡pw. B-I-fpsS hrjWw ]pd¯p ImWp-Ibn-ÃsÃm. aZm-cw`w apX hrjWw - - hep-Xm-IImcWw ]n³ Iqdp- XSn¨v IW-¸mSv hoÀ¯p- - n¡pw. Nne-h¡v I¶w (I-Sw) XSn¨p XpS-§pw. Ahn- s S- b p- Å - X p- f - h - e p- X m- b n- I - p XpS-§pw. CXn-eq- tSbpw IW-bnÂIq-Sn-bp-amWv A[n-I-ambn aZw ]pd- t¯¡p hcp-¶-Xv. apJ-¯np Kmw`ocyw aZ-In-cn¡p NpI-¸p-hÀ®w, tZl- ¯ np anp¸v Ch D- m - I pw. apJ-Kmw-`ocyw hÃmsX hÀ²n-¡pw. Cu ka-b§fn - - B A`o-cp-hm-Ipw. AXm-bXv Xosc `b-an-Ãm¯ Bh-W-¸-d¼v cma-N-{µ³ kz`mhw ImWn-¡pw. £W-¯n Ip]n-X-mIpw.pÅ Ign- h p- - m - h pw. F¶m an- m {]mWn- I - thsd B-I-fpsS N§e-bpsS i_vZw tIÄ¡p-fpsS Akp-J-§Ä ]m¸m³ Adnªv DS-a-tbmSp t¼mÄ Ah¡p tsc Xncnªv Ahsb B{I-an-]dªv DSa sshZy-k-lmbw tXS-Ww. CXn-s- ¡m³ {ian-¡pw. N«-¡m-c-tmSpw ockw Im«pw.Ãm-apÅ Ime-Xm-akw hnm-i-I-c-am-Ip¶ AhØ nem-hpÅ cm{Xn-bn kz´w ng-en AXp-asäm-cm- -kwPm- X - a m- I m- d p- - v . C{]- I m- c w- X s¶ kÔn- I - -bm-sW¶ [mc-W-bn NmSn-Ip-¯pw. I--sXÃmwfnep- m Ip¶ {hW- § - f pw, X«v ap«v CXym- Z n- Ip¯n-a-dn¡pw Nn¶w hnfn-¡pw. Fs´Ãmw D]-{Z-h- 10
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 §Ä Im«p-sa¶v BÀ¡pw nÀ®-bn-¡m-m-hm¯ hn[- ]ecpw B-bpsS aZs¯ XS-bm³ {ian-¡m-dp- ¯n-epÅ {]hr-¯n-IÄ sNbvsX¶p hcpw. nb-{´n- - v . Fs´- à msam acp- ¶ p- I ÄsIm- S p- ¡ m- d p- a p- - ¡m³ D]-tbm-Kn-¡p¶ A¦p-c-§Ä (tXm-«n) hen-b- s{X. CsXÃmw DS-a-IÄ IqSn Bh-iy-s¸-«m-bn-cn- tImÂ, hSn ChtbmsSm¶pw `b-an-Ãm-sX-bpÅ kz`m- ¡pw. Xm¡m-enI ]W-em-t`Ñ, apX-enp tISp h-§Ä ImWn-¡pw. ]m¸m³amtcmSp Aan-X-amb kw`-hn-¸n-¡p-sa-¶-dnªp Xs¶-sb-¦n alm-I- tZzjyw {]I-Sn-¸n-¡pw. Nne B-IÄ N«-¡m-c-tmSv jv S - s at¶ ]d- t b- - X p- Å p. Ap-kcWbpw 2þmw N«w apX-em-btcmSpw ]m¸m³am- - - - kv{XoIÄ¡p amk-¡pfn IrXy-ambn hcp-¶n- c-Ãm-¯-h-tcmSpw tZzjyhpw Im«pw. Nneh N«-¡m-c- sÃ-¦n AXn-m hcp¶ tcmK-§Ä AhÀ ]d- tmSv Aan-X-amb tZzjyhpw c-mw ]m¸m-tmSv A{X ª- d nªv sshZyp NnIn- Õ n- ¡ m³ Ign- b pw. shdp¸v {]I-Sn-¸n-¡mXn-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pw. Nneh B¡p aZw th- hn[w Hgn- ª p- t ]m- I msX hcp- aZw Hen-¨p-Im-Wp-¶Xnp ap¼v 2þmw N«-¡m-cs HmSn- - ¶-XpsIm-pÅ Akp-J-§Ä Ah ]d-ª-dn-bn-¡p- ¨-I¯m³ {ian-¡pIsbm aäpÅ B-Isf hmS ]nSn- - ¶-sX-§ns? AXn-m DS-a-Ifpw ]m¸m-·mcpw ¨p- s Im- - n - c n- ¡ sbm ASp¯p ImWp¶ acsam aäp Hs¯m- c p- a n¨v {]b- X v n- t ¡- kµÀ`- a mWv aZ- ¡ m- hkvXp-¡sfm Ip¯n adn-¡m³ apXn-cpItbm sN¿pw. ew. aZw icn-¡p-sam-gn-bm¯ B-I-fmWv `qcn-`m- henb i_vZ-§Ä tI«m sR«n-¯n-cn-¡pIbpw Khpw A]-I-S-Im-cn-I-fm-Ip-¶-Xv. sNhn h«w ]nSn-¡pIbpw sN¿pw. kzX-sh-bpÅ Cu ]d-bp-¶-sXm¶pw Bcpw hne-s¡-Sp-¡p- kz`m-h-§Ä AÃmsX Ap-`-h-s¸-«p-Xp-S-§n-bm sas¶m sKuch-_p-²n-tbmsS ho£n-¡p-sat¶m B¡p aZm-cw-`-sa¶p IW-¡m-¡-Ww. At¸mÄ DÅ hnizmkw sIm-à C{]-Imcw Fgp-Xp-¶-Xv. ]e apX hfsc {i²n- ¡ m- X n- c n- ¡ p- ¶ Xp A]- I Sw {]mhiyw Htc kw`hw BhÀ¯n¨v tIÄ¡p-t¼mÄ £Wn¨p hcp-¯m-mWv km²y-X. ZpÀÃ`w B- kzev]-sa-¦nepw CsX-]än HmÀ½n-¡p-asÃm F¶p-I- IÄ¡v BZn-a-Z-¯n C{]-Im-c-apÅ e£Ww ]cn- cpXn Ipdn-¡-pIbm-Wv. ]qÀ®-am-bp--m-In-Ã. F¶m a²y-aZw apX tZzjy- ]- p - I m- e ¯p Dt±iw 40, 50 hÀj- § Ä¡p ¡q-Sp-X Im«n XpS-§pw. Nneh aZm-hkm-¯n-emWv - - ap¼p-hsc B {]`p-Xz-¯n-tâbpw BVyXz-¯n- A[nIw Ipg-¸-¡m-c-m-Ip-¶-Xv. CsXÃmw k{i²w tâbpw Hcp {]Xo-I-am-bn-cp-s¶-¦n C¶p XoÀ¯pw I--dnªv Bsb ]cn-]m-en-¨m henb Ipg-¸-§Ä I¨- h - S - N - c - ¡ m- s W¶p ]d- b p- ¶ - X n sXäpt- m D-m-Im-Xn-cn-¡pw. ]cn-]qÀ®-ambn aZw Hen¨pt]mbn F¶p tXm¶n t]mIm- d p- - v . Bsb kwc- £ n- ¡ p- £oWn-X-mbn ]m¸mp hnt[-b-mbn nev¡p-¶- ¶-Xn Xmev]cyhpw “B-¡¼hpw” C¶-t¯-Xnepw - - hsb A{X `b-s¸-Sm-n-Ãm. hfsc IqSp-X ap³ DS-a-IÄ¡p--m-bn-cp-¶p. C¶p Hen- h p- - m - I m- X n- c n- ¡ m³ ]ecpw ]ehn[ hnZy- ]Ww em`n- ¡ m³ th- n hm§n D]- t bm- K n- ¡ p- ¶ p. IÄ {]tbm- K n- ¡ p- ¶ p- - v . Ah B¡p bmsXm- c p- ]m¸m-·mÀ¡p B-sb-]-än-bpÅ Adnhpw hfsc hn[ tISpw (Zo--§Ä) Imem-´-c-¯n kw`-hn-¡m- ]cn-an-X-am-sW¶p thWw ]d-bm³. CsXÃmw B- Xn- c n- ¡ m- p- Å - h - b - à msX, asä´p sIm- p w aZs¯ I-fpsS PohnXw ]g-b-Im-e-t¯-¡m-tfsd Zpcn-X- XS-bp-¶Xv B-bpsS Btcm-Kys¯ ln-¡bpw ]qÀ®-am-¡n-sb¶p tJZ-t¯msS ]d-tb--n-h-cn-I-bm- Zo-¡m-c-m-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pw. shÅw sImSp-¡m- Wv. Bscbpw Ipä-s¸-Sp-¯p-I-b-Ã. B henb Pohn- Xn- c n- ¡ pI, Xoä- t h- - { X ÂIm- X n- c n- ¡ pI, shbn- tbm-SpÅ kvtlw sIm-p am{Xw C{Xbpw ]d-ªp- e¯p sI«pI CXymZnsIm-pw XSn-h-en-¸n¨pw aäpw t]m-b-Xm-Wv. hmb--¡mÀ £an-¡p-a-sÃm. Bh-W-¸-d¼v atl-iz-c³ ¼q-Xn-cn-¸mSv þ {]i-kvX-amb hS-¡m-t©cn Bh- W-¸-d-¼p-a--bnse AwKw. IgnhpÅ BbqÀthZ NnIn-Õ-I³. hnj-ssh-Zy-¯n-epw, KP-]-cn-]m-e--¯nepw AXn-hn-Z-KvZ³. tZis¯ Hcp hn[w KP-ho-c-·mÀs¡Ãmw Bh- W-¸-d¼p Xncp-ta-n-bpsS NnInÕ Hgn-¨p-Iq-Sm-m-Im-¯-Xm-Wv. 11
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 “alm-{]-Øm-”¡m-csâ - amXw-K-Nn-´-IÄ amS¼v Ipªp-Ip-«³ ap-jy³ ImSn-d§n m«n ]mÀ¸p-d-¸n¨v mK- ¯p. B t]mb Ime¯v B- b n- à m¯ AScvco-I-X-bn-te¡p hf-cm³ XpS-§nbt¸mÄ BZyw C¶s¯ Ime¯v Sm¦À CÃm¯ bp²w t]mse-CW-¡n-sb-Sp-¯-arKw B-bm-bn-cn-¡mw. mb c- bm-Ip-¶p. NXp-cw-K-tk--bn B-bpsS _ew Ifn-sâ-IqsS Ip¶n-d-§n--h-¶-Xm-Wv. c³ CW-¡n-sb-Sp- ¡mÀ¡v Adn-bmw. Fc-«m--¸p-d¯v D´n-b-civ F¶p¯-X-Ã. P´p-hw-i-¯n Cu Hscmä hÀ¤w am{Xw ]d-ªm ]ns¶ ‘‘Hgn-ªhey-¼vcm’’m-Ip-IbmWv - - - -P·m ap-jy-cpsS Zmk-·m-cm-Wv. asäÃm Pohn-Ifpw t`Zw. AsÃ-¦n Hgn-¸nbv¡pw!k z m X { ´ y w At¸mÄ, AXm-Wp]dª-Xv, BZn ]pcm-X--CÑn-¡p-t¼mÄ mb am{Xw nXy]m-cX{´yw tamln- - Imew apX B-sb-sa-cp¡n D]-tbm-K-n¨p-Xp-S-§n.¡p-¶p BP·-Zm-kyw. B, BSv, ]ip, ]¶n F´m- AXp-sIm-p Xs¶ Im]ye-tKm-{X-P-mb Hcp Ejnbmepw H¶ns CW-¡n-sb-Sp-¯m AXp-am{Xw Ap- Bbnc¯m-vImew mK-tem-I¯v Ign-¨p-Iq«n B-k-cn-¡p-¶p. F¶p-sh-¨m tImÂt]-Sn. ap¡v Ap- thZw þ lkvXym-bqÀ thZw þ cNn-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp.k-cn-¡p-Ibm-sW¶p tXm¶pw ]s£, AÃ. hfÀ¯p- - (mKw F¶p ]d-ªm B. mKm-²y£ kvXp[o-P-´p-¡fn Gsd Hma-bm-WtÃm ]q¨. F¶m Hcp - - am³ þ F¶v amXw-Keoe. C§s CSbv¡v Nne-kq{Xw -kXyw Adnbq; C¡--Im-e-am-bn«pw ]q¨ CW-§n-bn- {]tbm-Kn-¨n-sÃ-¦n teJ-Iv hnh-c-anà F¶p [cn-«n-Ã. Cn CW-§p-I-bp-an-Ã. ]s£, mb AsXm-¶p- bv¡p-as{X ! AXp-sIm-v H¶p-]q-io¶v am{Xw) Ay-th-sd-bm-Wv. (Cu teJ-I³ ]pXnb Hcp IY-bn-se-gp- `q-`m-K-§-fn Cuhn[w NXp-cw-K-tk-bpw B-¸-Xn, mb-bn n¶p- -cn-tebv¡v F¶mhpw ]cn-Wm- - Wnbpw CÃm-bn-cp-¶p F¶p Ncn-{Xw. AXm-hmw, `mcX-a-{Iaw!) B-¡-Y-bpsS BZyw ]«n-¡-Ysbm ! apjn- ¯n-p-]p-d¯v Hcp ‘‘KP-c£m-X{- ´hpw hnI-kn-¨Xmbn - -b - ! tI«n«n-Ã. AhnsS izm-X{´w hfsc hfÀ¶n-«p-- B-sb-¸än-]dbp-t¼mÄ Cu apJ-¡p-dn¸v Bh- - - -iy-am-W.v Adn-bm-hp¶ Ncn-{X-¯n ap-jy³ ‘‘BZywCW-¡n-sb-Sp¯ BZy-arKw’’ F¶p-]dbpt¼mÄ ]ip- - - --htà F¶p kwi-bn-¡p-¶p--m-hpw. icn-bm-Wv. temI-¯n-te-Xp-ap-jy-hw-ihpw tKm{Xhpw BZyw CW-¡n- -bXv ]mep-X-cp-¶, amwkw Xn¶m-hp¶ ]ip-X-s¶-bm-hpw, B hÀ¤-¯n s]Sp-¯m-hp¶ GXp m¡m-enbpw ChnsS ]ip-F¶ s]mXp-m-a-¯m hyh-l-cn- b v ¡ - s ¸- S p- ¶ p. ]ip- h mWv [w. C¶pwsX¡³IÀ®m-SI¯n [w F¶p ]d-ªm ]ip- - -hm-Wv. B-ho-«p-ar-K-a-à hfÀ¯p-ar-K-am-Wv, hfÀ¯p-arK§fn BZy-p-am-Ip-¶p. aÃv ]Wn-sb-Sp-¸n-¡p-hmpw bp²-¯npw {]uVnbv¡pw BtLm-j- IqS-em-äp-]pdw cma-N{µ³ -¯npw FÃmw FÃmw Bbn B-sb-sa-cp-¡n-sb-Sp- 12
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 s{X. Ct¸mgpw ½psS arK-sshZyw ]Tn-¸n-¡p-¶Iem-- - cp-¶p. Ah-cpsS e£yw. tKmi-_vZ-¯nv Kan-bv¡p- e-b§fn B-sb-¸än ]mT-§Ä Ipd-hm-Ws{X! Cu - - ¶Xv F¶v AÀ°w. I¿pw Imepap-v, nXy-hr-¯n- teJ-I--dn-bn-Ã. ab-¡p-sh-Sn-hn-ZKv²-cmb arK-tUm- I-gn-¨p-Iq-«mw, Ba«p-Å ap-jycpw Cu ]ip-¡-fn IvSÀam-cp--v. CSbv-¡n-Sbv¡v Ah-cpsS tkh--N-cn-{X- s]Sp-¶p. ]mi-_-Ô-cmWv AhÀ, {_Ò-Úm-n- §Ä ]{X-¯n ImWm-dp--v. A§-s, Bsb shSn- bmb EjnIhn-Isf {_mÒ-W-sc¶pw ]d-ªp. sh¨p hogv¯m³ ]Tn-¸n-bv¡p¶ Iem-e-b-ap-s- ¶p- A§ns tKm{_mÒ-WlnXw F¶p-]dªm kI- - - - [-cn-bv¡m-n-Sbm-bn: B-sb-]qÀ®m-bpÊv hogm-sX-n- - e-am--PohP´p¡fpw F¶v AÀ°-am-bn. AÃmsX À¯m³ ]Tn-¸n-bv¡p-¶-Xn-s-¸än a-Ên-em-¡p-hm³ Xr¸q-Wn-¯p-d- sIm-«m-c-ap-ä¯p Ae-bp-¶-]¿pw `mKy- a p- - m - b n- à . Du«p-]p-c-bn tXmÀ¯p-hn-cn¨v Ømw Ic-Ø-am- B[p-n-I-ar-K-sshZyw F´p-]-Tn-¸n-bv¡p¶p ¡p¶ amS-¼v IpªpIp«pw F¶v AÀ°-an-Ã. Cu F¶v Is--¯n-Ipäw NmÀ¯p-Ibpw in£-hn-[n-¡p- ]dª ]Sn- tem-I--·-bv¡mbn B-thZw nÀ½n¨ apn B `oam- I m- c - s - ¸ än Adn- t b- - s Xms¡ Adnªv ]d-ªp-Xcp-¶p. CXmWv B. Ag-IpÅ - arK-am-Ip-¶p. C§-s. FÃm imkv{Xhpw Ap-im-kam-Ip-¶p. ]ns¶ - - D-m-b-Xm-Ip-¶p. mSyw DS-se-Sp¯v hfÀ¶v mS-Im- Zn-cq-]-§Ä D-m-b-Xnptijw Gsd Ign-ªmhpw mSy-imkv{Xw D-m-b-Xv. AX-s¶. B F¶ P´p D-mbn Bbncw Imew Ign-ªv, B Iqä³ P´psh ap-jy³ kz´w D]-tbm-K¯n-m-bn-sa-cp¡n FSp¯v - kam-[m-¯npw kwlm-c¯npw ]än-bXc¯n Xoän- - - - - - t]m-äm³ XpS-§nb-Xn-p-tijw, Cn-bp-ffhÀ¡v D]- - - Im-c-am-hs« F¶p Icp-Xn- ]m-e-Im-]y-a-pn -X-]-Êp- sNbvXv Is-¯n {KÙ-am-¡n-bXmWv lkvXym-bpÀth- - Zw. B-I-fpsS D¸-¯n, ip`m-ip-`-e-£-W-§Ä, KpW-IÀ½-§sf ASn-Øm-s¸-Sp-¯n-bp-ff hÀ®-hn- - `-Pw F¶n-§s “Xd- ]d” XpS§n Bbp-Êv, Bbp- Ên-p-hcp¶ XS-ʧÄ, Ah-b¡p-ff nhm-cW§Ä - - v - - F¶o hnj-b§Ä Cu imkv{Xw ssIImcyw sN¿p- - ¶p. AXn-sm-s¡-]p-dsa, B-cmWv Bsb kwc-£n- - ¡p-hm³ AÀl-m-bp-f-f-Xv, B-¡m-c-p-th-- Xmb tbmKyX Fs´m-s¡, Ipsdtbsd B-Isf kwc-£n- bv¡p¶ alm-{]-`p¡-fpsS B-¨p-aXe¡m-c³ þ mKm- - - - ²y- £ ³ þ GXp hn[- a p- f f Bfm- b n- c n¡Ww Incm-§m«v a tIi-h³ Fs¶ms¡ imkv{Xw ]d-bp-¶p--v. C¶v B Poh- p-ff Hcp km[--am-sW-¶p-¡qSn a-Ên-em-hm¯ Ibpw c- p w Cu teJ- I sâ Npa- X - e - b - à . ]g- b - BapXe-mfn-am-cpw, XÃn-Ip-¯n- tjm-¡Sn-¸n¨pw shSn- - - imkv{Xw BIsf-]än ]Tn-bv¡p-Ibpw Ah-bpsS sh¨pw Adpw sIme-sN-¿m-p-ff GtXm hkvXp-hm- Bbp- Ê nsâ thZw cNn- ¡ p- I bpw sNbv X n- « p- - v . sW¶v [cn¨ ‘‘mKm-²y-£’’cpw Cusbmcp {KÙw AXm- W v lkv X ym- b pÀth- Z w. hr£m- b pÀthZw Ds- ¶ p [cn- ¨ n«p- - m - h n- à . Ds- - ¦ n Xs¶ Xmfn- t bm- ZÀin¨ Ejn- a mÀ¡v CXpw temI- - · - b v ¡ p- f f e-{K-Ù-am-sW-¦n Ime-¯p-I-«³Im¸n Xnf-¸n-¡p- sshZo-I-{In-b-bm-bn-cp-¶p. tKm{_-mÒ-W-ln-X-am-bn- hm³]-än-b, ¶mbn I¯p-¶Hm-e¨q-«m-sW-¶p-hn-iz-kn- - - 13
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005¡p-¶-h-tcmSv F´p-]-d-bp-hm³. (H«pw AXn-i-tbm- tg¡pw KP- c - £ m- X {´w DS- s e- S p¯p Ign- ª p.àn- b - à , Cu teJ- I ³ ]¯p- ] - X n- - © n¸cw XÀ¡-an-Ãm¯ kwK-Xn-bm-W-Xv. B Imew apXÂsImÃw ap¼p- I - - - X m - W v . à H m À ½ - b n à þ C¶p-hsc ap-jy³ BÀ`m-S-¯npw A[zm--`mcwDs-¦nepw ]d-bm³ `mh-hp-anà þ HcnÃw s]mfn¨p eLq-Icn-¡p-hm-p-ambn Bsb D]-tbm-Kn-¨ph¶p. - -amäp¶ kµÀ`-¯n C_³ Ahn-sS-sb-¯n-s¸-«p C¶v imkv{Xw Gsd ]ptcm-K-an¨ Cu bpK-¯nÂAt¶-cw, D¨-Xn-cn-ª-t-cs¯ Nmb-Xn-f-¸n-bv¡p-I- bp²-¯npw h³`mcw hen-bv¡p-¶-Xnpw Bbm-bn-cp-¶p. apä-¯p-Iq«nb ASp-¸n Bfn-I-¯n-bn- A{X Bhiy-an-Ãm-Xm-bncn¡p-¶p. ap-¡-dnbmwcp- ¶ Xv ]gb Nne- Iq¸p ]Wn-¡p-IqSn Ct¸mÄ B-sb-s¡m-v A{XHm-es¡-«p-Ifm-bn-cp¶p! _lp-kp-Jw. kXyw ]d-bW- - - - BhiyanÃ. b{´-§-fp--v Nne-hp-Ip-d-bpw, Ffp-¸-atÃm B Nmb Rmpw IpSn-¨p. Hcp Ipä-t_m-[hpw hp-am-Wv F¶n«pw Bsb ½Ä aps¼-s-¯-¡m-tXm¶n-bXp-an-Ã. ½psS m«n B-bmbn Pn-b¡m- - v fp-a-[nIw C¶p t]män-h-cp-¶p. ]W-ap--m-¡p-hm-p-Xn-cn-¡pI F¶-Xp-am-{X-amWv Hscmä t]mwhgn F¶p ff Hcp km[w F¶ne-¡m-sW-¦n-epw. F¶n«pw]d-bm-mWv tXm¶n-bXv. ]d-bm-tm-§nbt¸mtg¡pw - Cu `oam-Im-c-mb ]mhw km[p-P-´p-hns th--tXm¶n, ap-jy-mbpw Pn-¸n-bv¡cptX F¶v. s¶ - hn- [ - ¯ n kwc- £ n- ¡ - W - s a¶v tXm¶n- b p- a n- à .sNdnb Ip«n-Isf Is«Sp¯pw ]än-bm hne-bvs¡- IjvSw! AÃm-sX-´p-]-d-bp-hm-m-Wv.Sp¯pw I¿pw Imepw ]ncn-s¨m-Sn¨pw sh«n-am-änbpw Hcp-hcn CSbv¡v ad-¶-Xm-Wv, Chn-sS-Ip-dn-bv¡-I®p-Ip-¯n-s¸m-«n¨pw Xobn-en-«p-¨p«pw sX-m³ hn«v s«, Iq¸p-]-Wnbv¡v¡qSn B- th- Fs¶-gp-XnGko-Im-dn k©cn-¡p¶ apXemfnamÀ amy-cm-bn- s]mdp-¡-Ww, ImSv sam«-¡p-¶m-b-t¸mÄ F´p-Iq-k-©cn-¡p¶ ‘‘alm-`m-cX’’am-Wn-Xv. ½psS P-Iob - - - ¸p-]Wn? ImSm-b-Im-sSms¡ ½Ä Xn¶p-XoÀ¯p !Pm-b¯ tXrXzw I«p -kzcq]n-¨-]-W-ap-s- ¦n Im«p-P-´p-¡fpw Xocm-dm-bn. B F¶ Hcp P´pCu alm-cmPyw `qtem-I-¯p-h¨v Gähpw k¼-¶-am- D- m - b n- c p- ¶ p F¶p ½psS a¡- f p- s S- a - ¡ - f psSIp-am-bn-cp¶p F¶v FÃm ]uc·mÀ¡pw ¶m-bdn-bm- - a¡Ä Hcp-]s£ ]d-bp-am-bn-cn-¡pw. Zntm-kdp-IÄ -hp¶ ssZh-¯nsâ kz´w mSm-Wn-Xv ! F´p-]dbm³ -- F¶ Hcp `oam-I-c³ D-m-bn-cp-¶p. AXp-t]m-se,P´pt{]aw aq¯p-aq¯v t]¸-«n-I-sf-IqSn sXcp-hn B F¶ Hcp Iqä³ Pohn-bp--m-bn-cp-¶p. ]ns¶Ae-bm³ I¸n-¡p-¶Xpw Cum-«n Xs¶-bm-Wv. Kth- j Ww Bhmw. t^mkn Is- ¯ n ]Tn- bv¡mw. Kth-j-W-¯nsâ Hcp hgn ]d-bmw. Cu- B-IÄ¡v F¶-Ã, Hcp P´p-hnpw Chn-sS-c- bnsS Hcp henb imkv{X-K-th-j-I³ Kth-jWw£-bn-Ã. shdpw Ccp-]Xp-sImÃw sIm-v Fsâ m«nse - sNbvXp Is-¯n. B-bpsS S-bpsS Npä-f-hnsâ`mc-X-¸pgsb acp-`q-an-bm-¡n-bXv Rm³ I--dn-ª-Xm- Cc-«n-bmWv Ccn-bv¡-Øm--t¯¡v Dbcw! ]«pwWv. {]IrXn Ccp-]-Xp-e£w sImÃw sIm-mWv Hcp hfbpw sImSp¯p ! Phd tUmIvS-tä-dv. `qan-a-e-`mc-X¸pg Hgp-¡n-bXv F¶pw Fn-¡dn-bmw. - - bmtfmw Xr¸p-WnX--Xptdw Dff kI-e-am B-{]m- AsX, B-bmWv hnj-bw. ´-½mÀ¡p-a-dnbmw Cu IW¡v. ad-¶n-«n-Ã. sshZo-I-Im-e-¯p-Xs¶ B-sb- B- A-g-Ip-ff arK-am-Ip-¶p. F¶p-]-d-ªmÂsa-cp-¡n-sb-Sp-¯n-cp¶p F¶v ]d-bp-¶p, Adn-bn-Ã. GXv t¸mc, CXnepw Ag-Ip-ff asäm-cp-ar-Kan-Ã. acnbv¡pw -A«-¯nse GXv Hm¯n-emWv AXn-p-ff sXfn-hp-Im- hsc I®n-ab¡msX tm¡n-bn-cn-¡m³ km[n-b¡p¶ - v vWp-¶Xv F¶pw Cu teJ-I--dn-bn-Ã. ]s£, am-h- aqt¶-aq-¶p-h-kvXp-sh-bp-f-fp, H¶v ISÂ, c-v B,kw-kvIm-c-¯nsâ Hcm-bncw inJ-c-§-fpsS apf-bpw, aq¶v B-bm!! ]cn-]qÀ®--á-amb kv{Xoi-co-cw.ka-kvX-im-kv{X-§-fpsS ASn-thcpw GsXm-¶n ZnKw_c! nanjw tXmdpw ]pXp-]p--¯³ cq] þ AÀ°n¶m-cw-`n-¡p-¶Xmbn Adn-bp-¶pthm B Adn-hn-sâ - þ `m-h-§-f-§s Xf-fn-¯-f-fn-h-cp¶ A]m-c-sku-µ-Kmw ]mSnb Ejn-Ihn-IÄ Bsb sacp-¡n-bn-cn¡pw - cyw. kuµ-tcym¯tcm]nþ-þþF¶p k¦Â¸n-¨m sXäp-]-änà F¶p-tXm-¶p-¶p. B-sb-Ip-dn-¨m-Ip-t¼mÄ þ ]e-t¸mgpw B-bm-GXm-bmepw CXn-lm-k]p-cm-W§fpsS Ime-am-bt¸m- - - - - -sb-Ip-dn¨pw þ Cu alm-skuµcy-s¯-¸än ]d-tb- 14
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 -n-h-¶-t¸mÄ, B ]d-¨n e£-W-im-kv{X-am-bn-am- Xn-s-]än lkvXym-bpÀth-Z-¡m-c³ apn H¶pw ]d- dn. Gsd- ] p- c p- j m- ´ - c - § - f psS Ap- ` hw ªn- « nÃs{X A{X hnh- c - a p- - m - h n- à . skuµcys¯ A¡-an«v ]d-ªp-Xcp-hm³ ioen-¨p. - B- A-g-Ip-ff arK-am-Ip-¶p. Iqä³ P´p-hp- ip`mip`e£- W w, I- p - I - v Xe- a p-d-I-fmbn ]Tn-¨- am- I p- ¶ phtÃm! At¸mÄ Cu alm- k - X zs¯ dn-ªXp- Ip-dn-¨p-sh-¨p. AXmWv imkv{X-am-bn, Ap- - sIm- p - - S - ¡ p- h m- mbv Nne hnZy- I fpw th- n - h - c pw. im-k--ambn ]ns¶-h-cp-¶-hÀ Ap-hÀ¯n-¨p-h-cp-¶- C{X-hsey arK-¯ns Nne-t¸m-sgms¡ nb-{´n-¡p- Xv. ASn-Ømw ImgvN, ImgvN-bv¡p-fftXm; ¶v hm³ C¯ncn thZ-n-¸n-t¡--n-h-cpw. AwK-`wKw hcp- F¶p tXm¶n-sbm, e£Ww HÀ¯n-cn-¡pw, kwi-b- an-Ã. ]pdw ImgvN-bn s]Sm¯ Nne Nne e£-W- ¯m- s X DÄt¡- S p- - m - ¡ msX X¡mew H¶p §-fp-ap--m-hpw. AXv kq£n¨v tm¡n Adn-b-Ww XfÀt¯--n-h-cpw. AXnmbn Nne Nne aÀ½-{]-tbm- F¶n«pw a-Ên-em-hm-¯Xn-mWv {]i-vNn-´. amwk- - - K- § fpw BNm- c y³ hn[n- ¨ n- « p- - v . GXm- b p[w N-£p-Êp-sIm-v ImWm-m-hm-¯-Xns thZ-t{Xw Ft¸mÄ F§s FhnsS {]tbm- K n- ¡ - W w. sIm-v ZÀin-¡p-¶p. {]iv-Nn´ Bsb taSn-¡p- AXmWp hnj-bw. tXm«n, tImev, Ip´w CXmWv t¼mgpw Bhmw. amXw-K-eo-e-¡m-c³ aqey-nÀ®- km[m-cW Bbp-[w. Nne-t¸mÄ IÃpw, I¯n-bpw. bhpw S- ¯ p- ¶ p- - v . ]ng- b v ¡ m¯ Imew sIm- v ASp-¯p-h-cm³ ]än-sÃ-¦n IÃv am{X-amWv c£m. amäw hcm¯ imkv{X-am-W-Xv. Hcp B¡v F´p-hn- Gdv Xs¶. Cu ]d-ª-Xn-sms¡ hÃm-s¯m-cp-hn- e- s Im- S p- ¡ - W w? GXpIm- e - t ¯¡pw ]änb Hcp jaw D-v F¶p ad-¡-cp-Xv. aÀ½w Adn-ª-Xp-sIm- kq{Xw lkvXym-bpÀ thZ-¡m-c³ ]dªp Xcp-¶p. -m-bn-Ã, AhnsS Bbp[w {]tbm-Kn-¡p-hm³ ]cn- e£-Wsam¯ Hcp sIm¼v Hcp cq]-bmWv hne - - io-en-¡-Ww, ]b-än-s¯-fn-b-Ww. D¶w tht-. IsÃ- F¶p Icp-Xp-I. apJyamb- B-e£W§Ä ]¯v - - - - dn-ªm Dt±-in-¨n-S¯v sImf-fn-bv¡m³ km[n-¡- F¶pw FÃmw H¯m Hcp I sImSp¡mw. apJy- W-a-tÃm, Ccn-bv¡-Øm--¯n-cp¶p Xh-f-¡p-gnbv¡v amb e£-W§fn Hs¶m¶p Ipd-ªm Hmtcm - - tXm«n HS-¡m-tm. inh-inh ! ! kÀ¡-Êp-]-Tn-bv¡- `mKw þ ]¯n-sem¶v Ipd-bv¡mw. CXv ip`-e-£Ww Ww. Ffp-¸hpw kpc-£n-Xhp-amb kq{Xw ab-¡sh- - - tm¡n-bp-ff hne, I®n-Ã, Hä-¡-®-m-Wv, apS-´- Sn-bs{X! GsX-¦nepw sI«n-S-¯nsâ apI-fn-en-cp-t¶m, mWv Fs¶m- s ¡- b m- s W- ¦ n ]mXnbpw h- n - b n- e n- c pt¶m shSn- s h- b v ¡ mw. henb D¶- XXv¸mXnbpw AXn ]mXnbpw C§s B[p-n-I- sam¶pw th- . A§ns Hcp aÀ½hpw Adn- b - . [-imkv{Xw Iev]n-¡p-¶hn-[w. kzÀ®-¯nsâ aqey- - - t]f-¸p-d¯v Fhn-sS-sb-¦nepw sImf-fpw. B-ab§n- - - amWv ASn-Øm-w. AXnsâ ]mXn, Bdn-sem-¶v, qdn- hogpw. ]ns¶ AXnsâ tbmKw! sem¶v Cuhn-[w. B-¡m-cpsS i¼-fw, aäp Nne-hp- icn-bmb AÀ°-¯n Cu teJ-I³ B-{]m- IÄ F¶n-hbv¡pw Nne Nne nb-a-§Ä sh¨n-cn- ´- - à . s¶ sNdnb Hcp I¼w D- m - b n- c p- ¶ p. ¡p-¶-p. ]Tn-¨-dnªv {]tbm-Kn-¡p¶hÀ¡v A_²w ]än-Ã. Nne Nne A]-I-S-§Ä ]ämw. CSn-sh-«p-sIm-p AXvs¸mÈn Hcq«w I¼-§-fn H¶p-am-{Xw. A¶v Nmhmw. Cubn-sS-bmbn transport _ÊnSn¨pw N¯p. Ft´m Nne-sXms¡ tm¡n. At¸m-sgbv¡pw B ]m¸m-·m-cpsS kvtlm-[nIyw sIm-pw, ab-¡p-sh- I¼w hn«p. {]m´v amdn¨m thsd hnj-b-¯n-embn Sn-¡m-cpsS Imcp-Wyw-sIm-pw Bbp-sÊm-Sp-§p-¶- F¶À°w. ¶mtem, Bbpw B-bm-bpw Bg- ¡-Sepw C¶pw C_s {]m´p-]n-Sn-¸n-bv¡p-¶p. Xr¸p- Wn-¯p-d-b-¸sâ Ap-{Klw ! CXp-aq¶pw F¶pw Cubp-f-f-hs {]tNm-Zn-¸n-bv¡s«! amS¼v IpªpIp-«³:- {]i-kvX- tm-h-en-Ìpw, Nn´-Ipw Ne-Nn{X IYm-Ir-¯p-am-Wv. ]qapÅn a-bn n¶pw amXwK imkv{X-¯n Ah-Kmlw tSn. 15
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 B¡mcyw tUm. sI. Fw. F{_lmw Xc-I³ tIcf kwØm-¯v ½psS kmaq-ly-kmw- bpsS Xe-t¨mdv sNdp-XmWv F¦nepw _p²n-iànbpw -kv¡m-cnI kmlnXy aWvU-e-§-fn Bbv¡v HmÀ½-iànbpw Iq«p¶ [mcmfw aS-¡p-IÄ D-v. B- -Akq- b m- h - l - a mb Øm- a p- - v . Ic- b nse Gähpw bpsS Xe-t¨mdv ]ns¶bpw hf-cp-¶-Xp-sIm-v Ap-`-henb Pohn- b mb Bbv ¡ v ]e ma- § - f p- - v . h-]m-T§Ä IcpXn sh¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶p. ap³Ime - ]oUw a-Ên IcpXn ]I-t]m-¡m³ km[n-¡p-¶p.1. mKw = btYjvSw Fhn-sSbpw k©-cn-¡p-¶h B- b n aq¡pw taÂNp- p w kwtbm- P n- ¨ mWv2. KPw = F´n-tbpw Iogvs¸-Sp-¯p-Ibpw IqSmsX Xp¼nss¡ D-m-bn-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. hf-bv¡p-hm-pw, Npän- AKm-[KÀÖw apg-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶h. - - ]n-Sn-¡p-hmpw Dff Ignhv H¶v thsd Xs¶-bm-Wv.3. lkvXn = {_Òm-hnsâ I¿n n¶pw Pn-¨Xv hkv X p- ¡ - f psS cq]hpw Xm]hpw Adn- b m³ Imc-Ww. Xp¼nss¡ klm-bn-¡p-¶p. aW-¡mpw izkn- ¡mpw kv]Àin-¡mpw am{X-aà `£Ww hmbnÂ4. hmcWw = i{Xp-hns XS-bm-p-ff Ign-hv. IS-¯mpw, shffw IpSn¡phmpw, a®v tImcn-bn-5. amXwKw = tNän-ep-ff k©m-cti-jn. - Sm-pw, ]pÃv, Ce, ac-s¯men Ch hen-¨q-cmpw6. Ip©cw = a®v Nhp«n AaÀ¯p-¶Xv sIm-v.7. ]ßn = Xma-ctbmSv {]tXyI Xmev]cyw. - -8. ZznXw = hmbpw, Xp¼n-ss¡bpw Pe-]m-¯n-.v -9. AjvSI {]lcn = Xp¼n-ss¡, hmÂ, sIm¼v, Imev F¶o 8 ico-c`m-K§Ä B{I-an¡phmp-]tbm-Kn- - - - ¡p-¶p. tIc-f-¯n an¡-hmdpw FÃm ImSp-I-fnepwB- I - f p- - v . C´y-³ B-I-fpsS kzm`m-hnI Xmh-f-§Ä apfbpw Cuäbpw sIm-v kar-²-amb h-§-fm-Wv. C´y³ B-bpsS s]m¡w GXm-v aq¶v aoä-tdm-f-hpw, B{^n-¡³ Bbv¡v aq¶-c-ao-ä-tdm-fhpwImWpw. tNän ]pc-fp-I, ]qgn-bn InS-¶p-cp-fp-I, Gsdtcw shf-f-¯n Ign-bp-I, a®v tImcn tZl-¯n-Sp-I, apX-emb P·-kz-`m-h§Ä B-Ifn ImWmw. - -B-IÄ¡v ImgvN-iàn s]mXpsh Ipd-bpw. {Lm-W iànbpw {ihW iànbpw IqSp- X - e m- W v .Xz¡nv I«n- b p- - ,v tcmaw hnc-fhp-am-Wv. hmeäw tcma- -k-ar-²-hp-am-W.v Kpcp-hm-bqÀ ]ß-m-`³ ico-c-h-en¸w h¨v Xmc-X-ay-s¸-Sp-¯n-bm B- hocirw-J-e-t-Snb BZys¯ KP-ho-c³ 16
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 Xp¼nss¡ D]- t bm- K n- ¡ p- ¶ p. tIma- f - Z - ´ - § Ä (-an¡v So¯v) sImgn-ªm Hcp-X-hW c-p-tPmUn AW-¸Ãp-IÄ hoXw Bdp-XhWbmWv AW-¸Ãp-IÄ - - - - - apf- ¡ p- ¶ - X v . ta tamWbnse c- p - t PmUn Dfn- ] - Ãp- I Ä hfÀ¶- X mWv sIm¼p- I Ä. B- I - f n aZ-{KÙn asämcp khn-ti-j-X-bm-Wv. ]nSn-bm 4 hÀj-¯n Hcn-¡Â am{X-amWv KÀ`-hXn-bm-Ip-¶Xv - (Im-cWw þ 2 hÀjw KÀ`w, 2 hÀjw Ip«n-bpsS gvknwKv) nt¶m, InSt¶m BWv B Dd-§m-dv. i_vZ§fn Gähpw Xo{h-amb i_vZw Nn¶w hnfn-bm-Wv. ip`-e£W§Ä - - - 1. Nph-¶n-cn-¡p¶ Xp¼n-ss¡-bpsS A{K-`m-Kw, m¡v, Np- v , A®m¡v, ae- Z zm- c w, o- p - c p- XSn¨ Igp-¯v, tX³ nd-ap-ff I®p-IÄ, Xp¼n- ss¡¡v {]I-S-amb 3 aS-¡p-IÄ. 2. J-§Ä sam¯w 20 AXyp-¯-ahpw hfsc A]qÀÆhp- a m- W v . 18 Jw kÀÆ- k m- [ m- c - W - am-Wv. 3. sIm¼p-IÄ CS-t¯-Xn-t-¡mÄ sXÃp-bÀ¶ he- t¯-Xv. 4. hnSÀ¶v hnkvXm-c-ap-ff sNhn-IÄ, XmSn-a-kvXIw Xncp-h¼mSn tKmhn-µ³Ip«n - tXmĸ- e - I - b psS ASn- b n ap³h- i - ¯ mbn Abª Xz¡nsâ sRmdn-hp-IÄ. tUm. sI. Fw. F{_lmw Xc-I³ :- tIc- f - ¯ n KP- ] - c n- ] m- e - - c w- K ¯v {]i-kvX-mb NnIn-Õ-I³. a®p¯n shän-dn tImtf-Pn n¶v _ncpZw, arK- i-kv{X-{In-b-bn hnZ-KvZ³. ab-¡p-sh-Sn-bn-eqsS B-Isf nb-{´-Wm-[o--am-¡p- ¶-Xn kaÀ°³ (Ph : 0484-2342418) Swamy Saranam Thamaramkulangara Temple in Net Visit us : www.thamara.net E-mail: thamaramkulangara@yahoo.com 17
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 {io]qÀ®-{X-bo-ipw, B-Ifpw BÀ. hn. sI. X¼p-cm³ {io ]qÀ®-{X-bo-i-pw, B-Ifpw X½n-epÅ ]d-bmw. ]¯-¼-¯©p hÀjw ap¼v Rm³ tI«At`-Zy-amb _Ôw FÃm-hÀ¡pw Adn-hp-Å-Xm-Wv. IY-bm-Wv. A¶v tImhneI¯v Fsâ HmÀ½ icn-]s£ Cu _Ôw F§ns h¶p? AXns¸än bm- s W- ¦ n Ggv kv { Xo tPmen- ¡ mÀ D- m - b n- c p- ¶ p,Btem-Nn-¨-t¸mÄ Hcp F¯pw ]nSnbpw In«n-bn-Ã. {_mÒW kv{XoIsf IqSm-sX. AhÀ Hgn-hp-k-a-Fsâ A½m-a³½m-tcmSv tNmZn-¨p. AhÀ¡pw Cu b¯v Npäpw IqSn Imepw o«n Ccp¶v Nqenv th-n_Ôw Ds- ¶ v Adn- b mw, ]s£ F§ns h¶p CuÀ¡nen Nohn-sIm--n-cn¡pw. At¸mÄ tNmäm-n-F¶v AhÀ¡pw Adn-bn-Ã, Ahcpw ssI aeÀ¯n. ¡-c-bn n¶pw hcp¶ ]mdp F¶ tPmen-¡mcn]ns¶ ]qÀ®- { X- b o- i - t mSv Hcp hgn D- m ¡n¯c- ]dª IY-bm-Wv. AhÀ tNmäm-n-¡c A½-bpsSWta F¶p {]mÀ°n- ¨ p- s Im- - n - c n- ¡ p- t ¼mÄ, hfsc `à- b m- W v . IY C{]- I m- c w. ]- v tNmäm- n-s]s«¶v A½ ]dª Hcp ]g-¦Y HmÀ½ h¶p. ¡c A½ Hmtcm Bh-iy-¯n-mbn [mcmfw ]Ww ]- v ]- v ]qÀ®- { X- b o- i pw tNmäm- n- ¡ c ]qÀ®-{X-bo-i-n n¶pw ISw hm§n-bn-«p-- s{X.A½bpw hfsc temly-¯n-em-bn-cp-¶p. ]qÀ®-{X- CS-¡n-S¡v ]qÀ®-{X-bo-i³ ]Ww XncnsI taSn-¡m-bo-i³ At§m«pw tNmäm-n-¡c A½ Ct§m«pw mbn B¸pd¯v cmP-Io-b-ambn tNmäm-n-¡-c¡vhcm-dp--m-bn-cp-¶p. A§ns Hcn-¡Â ]qÀ®-{X-bo- ]pd-s¸-Spw. Cu hnhcw tNmäm-n-¡c A½ tcs¯i³ tNmäm-n-¡cbn `K-hXn-sb-¡m-Wm³ t]mbn. Adn-ªn-cn-¡pw. DSs tNmäm-n-¡c A½, ]qÀ®- - - -`K-hXn At±-l-¯ns ]e-I-bn«v kzoI-cn¨v Ccp-¯n. hÀ¯-am--§Ä ]c-kv]cw ]d-bp-hm³ XpS-§n. kabw t]mb-X-dn-ªn-Ã. “kabw AXn-{I-an-¨n-cn-¡p¶p s]s«¶v Xncn-¡Ww” F¶v ]qÀ®-{X-bo-i³ ]d-ª-t¸mÄ tNmäm-n-¡c A½bv¡v A{Xckn-¨n-Ã. ]ns¶bpw ]qÀ®-{X-bo-i³ nÀ_-Ôn-¨-t¸mÄ tNmäm-n-¡c A½ ]dªp “Fn¡v CuB- s ¡m- X n- b sâ Bbpw th-” F¶v. DSs]qÀ®-{X-bo-i³ ]dªp “Fn¡v Cu ]mb-ks¡m- -Xn- ¨ n- b psS ]mbtkmw th-” F¶v. CXpw ]dªv]qÀ®-{X-bo-i³ B-I-tfm-Spw, ]cn-hm-c-§-tfmSpwIqSn kzev]w apjn-¨nen Bbn Xr¸q-Wn-¯p-dbv¡vt]m¶p. IqsS tNmäm-n-¡c A½ C«p-sIm-Sp¯ A¼ew I¯nb DÕhw (1922)]eI FSp-¡m³ (]p-d-In H«n-¨p-h-¨v) ad-¶n-Ã.CXn n¶pw ap¡v a-Ên-em¡mw ]pcm-XImew {X-bo-i³ ASp-s¯-¯n-bm `b-¦c shSn-s¡«v - -apXse ]qÀ®-{X-bo-iv B-I-tfmSv henb ASp- XpS- § pw. CXp- I - p w, tI«pw ]qÀ®- { X- b o- i ³¸-am-bn-cp¶p F¶v. AXnp tijw ]qÀ®-{X-bo-i³ sNhn s]m¯n XncnsI t]mcpw. CXp XpSÀ¶p]d-DÂk-h-¯nv Ing-t¡m«v Fgp-¶-Åp-t¼mÄ, h¶- X n- m ]qÀ®- { X- b o- i v ISw sImSp¯tNmäm- n- ¡ c A½- b psS `qan- b n IqSn Fgp- ]Ww XncnsI hm§n-¡m³ ]än-bn-«n-Ã-s{X. CXp¶ÅpI ]Xn-hn-Ã. ]d-bp-t¼mÄ ]mdp-hnsâ apJs¯ hnImcw H¶p Cu teJ- - ¯ n Xmsg ]d- b p¶ Imcyw ImtW- - X m- W v . ]qÀ®- { X- b o- i sâ A¼e- ¯ nÂ{]kàn CsÃ-¦nepw tNmäm-n-¡c A½-tb-bpw, DÂk-h-¯nv shSn-s¡«v Cà F¶ kXyw FÃm-]qÀ®-{X-bo-i-tbpw _Ô-s¸-Sp¯n Hcp ]g-¦Y hÀ¡pw Adn-bm-hp-¶-Xm-W-tÃm. hm¡ne¸qÆpw, 18
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 a ¯ m - ¸ p - s I m - p w I m c y w I g n - ¡pw, Xrt¡« `mhn¨t¸mÄ BWv, kzman-bmÀ¡v AÛpXw Iqdn- apX henb hnf-¡p-hsc hm¡ne¸qÆv Ct¸mÄ b-Xv. ]qÀ®-{X-bo-i³ AI-¯n-Ã. FhnsS t]mbn ImWm- d n- à . ]- v Bdm«v Ignªv Fgp- ¶ - Å p- kzman-bmÀ¡v D¡WvT Bbn. kzman-bmÀ ]cn-{`- t¼mÄ, B¯-d-¡Â F¯n-bm Ipd¨v ]q¡p- an¨v aWvU]¯nsâ Sp-hn ]Sn-ªm-dp-`m-K¯pÅ - - - än- b pw, hm¡ne¸qÆpw ]Xn- h p- - m - b n- c p- ¶ p. Kcp-U³, ]h--P³, F¶n-h-tcbpw KW-]-Xn, Z£n- ]ns¶ ]qÀ®- { X- b o- i pw, B- I - f p- a mb Wm-aqÀ¯n, A-´³, ZpÀ¤m-`-K-hXn F¶n-h-tcbpw _Ôw 13- þ mw qäm- - n  Pohn¨ hnez- a w- K - e ¯p sXmgp-sX¶p hcp-¯n, aWvU-]-¯np Xmsg hS- kzman-bm-cp-ambn _Ô-s¸-Sp-¯n-bm-Wv. hnez-aw-K- ¡p-In-gs¡ aqe-¡pÅ sNdnb _en-¡Ãv (X{´n e¯p kzman-bmÀ¡v D®n-Ir-jvWs a-¡®p ¼q-Xncn þ `à {]nb³) sXmgpXv ]cn-{`-an¨v ]pd- sIm- à ]pdw- I ®p sIm- p w tcn ImWm- a m- b n- t¯-¡n-d-§n. ]qÀ®-{X-bo-is Atz-jn¨v Ahn- cp-¶-s{X. hrÝn-tImÂk-h-Im-e¯v Xrt¡« mÄ kzman-bmÀ sshIo«v ]qÀ®-{X-bo-is sXmgp-hm³ h¶p. Ings¡ tKm]p-c-¯nv ]pd-¯pÅ B I-v sXmgpXv tKm]pcw hgn AI¯p IS¶v tKm]p-c- ¯nsâ hS¡p `mK-¯pÅ I®mSn _nw_s¯ (tc- WpI tZhn) hµn¨v {]Z-£nWw h¨v sX¡p ]Sn- ªmsd aqe-bn-epÅ _en-¡Ãn-tbpw AXnp sXm«v - Ing¡p `mK-¯pÅ _en-¡-Ãn-tbpw (b-Ym-{Iaw inev]nbpw, aqim-cn-bpw) sXmgpXv ]Sn-ªmsd tKm]p- c-¯np ]pd-¯pÅ Ben-tbpw (A-Xn kpµc b£n Ds--¶mWv hnizm-kw) hµn¨v {]Z-£n-W-ambn hnez-aw-Kew sImSn-a-c-¨p-h-«n F¯n. At¸mÄ B-¸-´-en kzÀ®-¯-te-s¡«p sI«nb ]Xn- ©p KP-ho-c-·mÀ cmP-Iob {]uVn-tbm-Sp-IqSn sNhn- I Ä sasà hoinsIm- v Xe FSp- ¯ p- ] n- S n¨v nc¶p n¡p-¶p. ap¼n tafw s]mSn s]mSn-¡p- I- b m- b n- c p- ¶ p. CXp- { i- ² n- ¡ msX ]qÀ®- { X- b o- is¡mWm³ DÅ AS-§m¯ taml-hp-ambn kzman-bmÀ AI-t¯-¡p-I-S-¡mmbn _en-¡Â¸pc- bpsS hS-¡p-In-g¡p `mK-¯pÅ hn{K-ls¯ (hn- Ãv) hW§n ]ns¶ sX¡p Ing-¡p-`m-K¯pÅ hn{K- - ls¯ (A-¼v) hW§n _en-¡Â ]pc-bn {]th- in-¨p. _en-¡Â ]pc-bn n¶v CS-m-gn-bn-te¡v {]th-in-¡p¶ hmXn-ensâ sX¡p-`m-Ks¯ Hm«p {]Xna (N-{Iw) hS¡p `mKs¯ Hm«p-{]-Xna (iw-Jv) Chsc hµn¨v CS-m-gn-bn¡S-¶p. AhnsS sXs¡ hen- b - ¼ - e - ¯ n hS- s ¡- a p- ä s¯ Sphn- e s¯ XqWn `rKp alÀjnsb hµn-¨p. ]ns¶ Iq¯-¼- Ing-t¡-ho-«n tKm]n e-¯n angm-hn-tm-S-Sp¯v µn-tI-iz-c³, ]qÀ®-{X- bo-itmSv tNÀ¶v apàn tSnb §-s¸-®n-sbpw - tSbpw Chn-tSbpw S-¡p-¶-Xn-¶n-S-bn B-¸p- hµn-¨p. ]ns¶ aWvU]w Npän {iotIm-hn-ensâ d- t ¯- ¡ p- t m- ¡ n. AÛp- X w- X - s ¶, ]qÀ®- { X- b o- ap¶n h¶v aq¶v Xt«m-Sp-Iq-Snb hen-b-hn-f¡p i³ D®n- I r- j v W - mbn Hcm- - b n n¶pw I-p sXmgp-Xp. AXn-p-tijw A- ´ - n ASp¯ B-bn-te¡v NmSn-¡-fn-¡p-¶p. Hcm-- Ccn- ¡ p¶ {io]qÀ®- { X- b o- i s sXmgp- h m³ bn n¶pw asäm-cm--bn-te¡v NmSn-bm DSs 19
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005ssIIÄ sIm«n kt´mjw {]I- S n- ¸ n- ¡ p- ¶ p, Imw. IqSmsX alm-cm-Pm-hnsâ tcn-«pÅ DÂkm-½psS Ip«n-IÄ sN¿p-¶-Xp-t]m-se. Ipd-¨p-tcw l- ¯ n S- ¡ p¶ DÂkhw BbXp sIm- pD®n- I r- j v W sâ Cu Ifn- I Ä I- v ckn- ¨ - X n- p- amImw. ]ns¶ B alm-cm-Pm-hnsâ I®nÂs¸-Sp-tijw ssIIÄ Iq¸n hW-§n. ]ns¶ kmh-[mw I. At±-l-¯nsâ {]iwk ]nSn¨p ]äp-I, AXpwB-bpsS ]pd-In F¯n. kzman-bmÀ D®n-Ir- Hcp Imc- W - a m- b n- c n- ¡ mw. Fs´- ¶ m ]- p - a p- X sejvWs hnfn-¨p. IrjvWm! C§ns NmSn-¡-fn- Xr¸q-Wn-¯pd X¼p-cm-¡-·mÀ¡v Bt{]aw IqSp-¡p-¶-Xnp ]Icw kzev] tcw GsX-¦nepw B- X-em-Wv. ¼q-Xn-cn-am-cp-am-bpÅ ASp¯ _Ôw Imc-bpsS apI-fn Ccn-¡q. Fn¡v ImWn¡ CSp- W-am-bn-cn¡mw. CsXÃmw Imc-W-am-bn-cn¡pw Xr¸q-hm-m-Wv. hnez-aw-Kew ]d-ªm D®n-Ir-jvWv Wn-¯pd ]qÀ®-{X-boi t£{X-¯n B hgn-Ap-k-cn-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-hm³ ]äptam? A{X¡p `à- ]mSv {][m--ambn h¶-Xv. ]qÀ®-{X-bo-iv B¸pd--sÃ. D®-nIr-jvW³ Sp-hn-es¯ B-bn Ccp- ¯p-I-bdn Ifn-¡p-hm-pw, tafw tI«v Bkz-Zn-¡p-¶-cpfn `à-·msc Ap-{K-ln-¡p-hm³. kzman-bmÀ hmpw `à-·mÀ ÂIp¶ Hcp AÀ¸-Ww, AXp-DSs ]Ww ImWn-¡-bn-«v, a-kvI-cn-¨v, IrXmÀ°- sIm- v a- Ê nv kt´m-jhpw kam-[m-hpw In«p- ¶p. AXn-¶pÅ F{Xtbm DZm-l-c-W-§Ä, Atz-mbn aS-§n. {]Z-£nWw sh¨v hS¡p `mKs¯ jn-¨m Adn-bp-hm³ Ign-bpw.s]m¡w IqSnb _en- ¡ - à ns (t£- { X- ] m- e ³)sXmgpXv ]ns¶ hS-t¡m«v tm¡n AÀÖp-³, hni- ¡ p¶ ap- j yÀ¡m- b m- e pw, an- m - { ]m- W n-]njmcn tImhn `K-hXn (k-tlm-Z-cn) hSs¡ IÄ¡m-bmepw ho«n h¶m kabw Ap-k-cn¨vIpf-am-Ip¶ ]ß-XoÀ°w Ch-sXm-gpXv tKm]pcw `£Ww ÂIpI F¶Xv ]- p - a p- X te ]e hoSp- I -Cd§n B¯- d - b n- e pÅ sX- - t bpw hµn¨v fnepw ]Xn- h p- - m - b n- c p- ¶ p. C¶v AXv n¶p- t ]m- b n. AXp- s Im- v In«p¶ ]pWyw F{X- b mWv F¶v ]d-IrXmÀ°-X-tbm-Sp-IqSn bm{X-bmbn. A¶p apX- bp-hm³ km[n-¡p-I-bn-Ã. ]s£ sImSp-¡p-¶Xv a-emWv Xrt¡« ]pd-¸m-Spw, ImWn-¡-bn-Sepw {][m- Êp-n-dsb kt´m-j-t¯m-Sp-IqSn Bbn-cn-¡-Ww.-am-b-Xv. sX¡p-`m-Ks¯ Zo]-kvXw-`-¯nv ASp- AsÃ-¦n AXnsâ `hn-jy¯v ½Ä hnNm-cn-¡p-¯pÅ _e-n¡Ãv hnez-aw-Kew kzman-bmcpsS BWv. ¶-Xnepw `b-¦cw Bbn-cn-¡pw. AXn-¶pÅ DZm-l-c-ChnsS n¶m-bn-cn¡pw kzman-bmÀ ]qÀ®-{X-bo-is W- § Ä D- v . C{Xbpw ]d- b p- h m³ ImcWw, Xr¸q-D®n-Ir-jvW-mbn B-¸p-d¯v NmSn-¡-fn-¡p-¶Xv Wn-¯pd A¼-e-¯n B-bq«v {][m--s¸« HcpI--Xv. hgn-]m-Sm-Wv. ImcWw D®n-Ir-jvW³ Cu B-I- CXn n¶pw Hcp Imcyw ap¡v a-Ên-em¡mw fpsS ]pd-¯mWv NmSn-¡fn-¡p-¶Xv. AXnv Bsb - -þ hnez-aw-K-e¯p kzman-bmÀ h¶v ImWp-¶-Xnpw X¿m-dm-¡Ww, AXns kt´m-jn-¸n-¡Ww. AXn - -hÀj-§Ä ap¼v Xs¶ ]qÀ®-{X-bo-i³ CXp-t]mse IqsS ½Ä D®n-Ir-jvWs kt´m-jn-¸n-¡p-I-bm-D®n-Ir-jvW-mbn B-¸p-d¯v Ifn-¡m-dp--m-bn-cp- Wv. AXv ap¡v Ap-{K-l-am-bn-cn-¡pw.¶p, F«p Znh- k - h pw. thsd Hcp Imcyw, ]- v Xr¸q- FÃm-s¡m-Ãhpw hrÝn-tImÂkhw ]Xn-hp-Wn-¯pd A¼-e-¯nse DÂk-h-¯nv Bsb t]mse `wKn-bmbn S-¯p-hm³ `à-P§Ä kIe - -thWw F¶v ]d-ªm B DS-a-ØÀ FXn-cp-]-d- klm- b - k - l - I - c - W - § fpw ev I p- I bpw XZzmcbn-Ã, G¡w Ipd-ªmepw. AXnv Hcp ImcWw ]qÀ®-{X-bo-isâ Ap-{K-l-¯nv ]m{X-am-Ip-IbpwFsâ B-¸p-d¯v {ioIrjvW `K-hm³ NmSn-¡-fn- sN¿s« F¶v {]mÀ°n- ¨ p- s Im- v Cu teJ- w D]-¡p-I. AXn-¶pÅ Hcp kµÀ`w In«pI AXv a- kw-l-cn-¡p-¶p.Ênv Nmcn- X mÀ°yw Xs¶ X¶- c p- f p- ¶ - X p- s Im- - m - BÀ. hn. sI. X¼p-cm³:þ Xr¸q-Wn-¯pd cmP-Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. ]mekv AUvan-n- t{Ì- j ³ {]kn- U - v . ^mIv S v þ s^- t Um- b n n¶pw No^v F©n- o- b - d mbn hnc-an-¨p. (Ph: 0484-2778351) 20
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 KP-im-kv{X-¯n-smcp ]oTnI IrjvW-Ip-amÀ sIm«m-c¯v `mc-Xob Pohn-X-¯n KP-§Ä¡v AXn-{]- kz`m-h-t`-Zw, aX-t`-Zw, B-I-sf-]n-Sn-¡p-hm-pÅ [m- - a mb Hcp Ømw ]- p - I mew apXev t ¡ D]m-b-§Ä, KP NnIn-Õ-IÄ, B ]m¸m-·mÀ¡p- D- v . al- X z- ] qÀ®- a mb Hcp k¼- s ¯¶ ne- b n- th- KpW- § Ä XpS- § n- b pÅ hnj- b - § - s fÃmw epw, hml--sa¶ ne-bn-epw, NXp-cw-K-]-S-bnse CXn kw{K- l n¨p {]Xn- ] m- Z n- ¡ p- ¶ p- - v . KP NnIn- Hcp {][m-mw-K-sa¶ ne-bnepw Gähpw henb Õ-IÄ¡mWv CXn {]m[m-yw. Øm-amWv KP-§Ä¡p ÂIn-bn-«p-Å-Xv. N¼m-ep-]p-cn-bn hmWn-cp¶ AwK cmPm-hmb ImSp-I-fn Pn¨v mSpI-fn amy-]-Z-hn- tcma-]m-Zsâ cmPy¯v Im«m-IfpsS ieyw hÀ²n¨v - - bn Pohn- ¡ p¶ arKamWv KPw. ½psS F´p sNt¿-p F¶p hnNm-cn-¨n-cns¡ bmZr-Ñbm hfÀ¯p arK-§-fn ImSp-I-tfmSv P·-_ÔapÅ KuX- a mZn alÀjn- a mÀ tcma ]mZs ImWm³ arKw KPw am{X-am-Wv. ap-jy-tcmSv C{X-am{Xw sN¶p. At±lw Ahsc bYmÀlw k¡-cn-¨p. CW- ¡ hpw kv t l- h p- a pÅ hà hy- a r- K hpw k´p-jvS-cmb alÀjn-amÀ tcma-]m-Zv Im«m--Isf thsd- b pt- m sb¶p kwi- b - a m- W v . ]nSn¨p sI«m³ Ign- h p- - m - I p- s a¶v hcw ÂIn. aäp arK-§sf At]-£n¨v B-IÄ¡v ]e Im«m- - I sf I- p - ] n- S n- ¡ m³ Im«n tXSn S¶ hnti-j-§-fp-ap--v. I¿mbn D]-tbm-Kn-¡m³ ]äp¶ cmP-`r-Xy-·mÀ kma-Km-b alÀjn-bpsS B{i-a¯n- - aq¡v þ Xp¼nss¡ hmb-bn apf¨p hcp¶ sIm¼v, -Sp¯v Im«m--I-sf-bpw, Ah-bv¡n-S-bn Ifn- hoim³ ]äp¶ sNhn-IÄ, hnc-en-Ãm-sX-bpÅ J- bv ¡ p¶ ]me- I m]y alÀjn- s bbpw I- p . tcw §Ä, AI- s ¯m- X p- § nb hrjv W - § Ä, AI- kÔy-bm-bm ]me-Im-]y³ B-Isf hn«p B{i- t¯bv¡v Xncn-ª-m-hv, AI-t¯-¡n-d§n Xp¼n- a-¯n-te¡p t]mIp-¶p. hÀ¯-am-saÃmw `rXy-·mÀ - ss¡-bn-eqsS hcp¶ hnbÀ¸v F¶p XpS§n aäp ]d-ª-dnª tcma-]m-Z³ ]me-Im-]y³ B{ia-¯n- arK- § Ä¡p ImWm¯ ]e {]tXy- I - X - I fpw te¡v t]mb ka-b¯v B B-Isf ]nSn-¨p-sI«n Bbv¡p ImWmw. khn-tij ]TaÀln-¡p¶ sIm- p h¶v KuXamZn alÀjn- a mÀ¡v Zmw Hcp arK-amWv B. ap-jy-s-t]mse Bbv¡pw sNbvXp. m«p-ImÀ¡v Im«m--ieyw Hgn-hm-hp-Ibpw ]c-am-bpÊv qän-cp-]-Xp-h-b-Êm-Wv. sNbvXp. ]me- I m- ] y- a p- n- b mWv KP- e - £ W imkv { X- ]me-Im-]y³ ]ntä¶p sN¶-t¸mÄ B-Isf ¯nsâ IÀ¯m-hv. KP NnIn-Õm-hn-[n-IÄ AXn I- n - à . Ahsb Xncnªp Xncnªp N¼m- ] p- c n- b n- AXn-{]-[m--am-Wv. 12000 tÇmI-apÅ Hcp imkv{X- se-¯nbt¸mÄ _Ô--¯nÂs]«p k¦-S-¯n-emb amWv ]me-Im-]y-sa¶ KP-e-£-W-{K-Ùw. AXns B- I - s f- I - p . Ah- b psS ico- c - ¯ n- e p- - m - b n- c p¶ ASn-Øm--s¸-Sp-¯n-bpw, kzmp-`-h-§sf ]pc-kv¡- {hW-§sfÃmw ]me-Im-]y³ NnInÕ sNbvXp kpJ- - cn-¨p, mq-tdmfw kwh-Õ-c-§Ä¡p-ap¼v Xncp-aw- s¸-Sp-¯n. K-e¯p oe-I-WvT³ F¶ ]WvUn-X-Ihn kwkvIr- KP-§-fpsS CS-bn ]me-Im-]y-a-lÀjn-sb-¡- X-¯n Hcp kw{Kl {KÙw nÀ½n-¨p. AXmWv t¸mÄ KuX-amZn alÀjn-amÀ tNmZn-¨p. “As§-´n- amXw-Keo-e. mWv Cu B-IÄ¡v NnInÕ sN¿p-¶Xv? B-I- ]{´- p kÀ¤- ¯ n (]- S - e w) hnhn[ hr¯- sf-¡p-dn¨v A§bv¡v C{X-am{Xw kvtl-ap--m-hm³ §- f n- e pÅ 251 ]Zyw- s Im- v oe- I - W v T ³ KP- e - £ - Imc-Wsa´v? ]me-Im-]y³ Ah-cpsS tNmZy-§Ä¡v - W-imkv{Xw amXw-K-eo-e-bn kw{K-ln-¨n-cn-bv¡p- adp-]Sn-sbm¶pw ]d-ªn-Ã. KuX-am-Zn-Ifn n¶v Cu - - ¶p. B-I-fpsS DÛ-hw, à B-I-fp-tS-bpw, hnh-cadn-ªt¸mÄ tcma-]m-Z³ Xs¶ ]me-Im-]ys - - - No¯ B-I-fp-tSbw e£-W-§Ä B-I-fpsS sN¶p I-v k¡-cn¨v Ipe-m-am-Zn-IÄ tNmZn-¨p. {]mbw IW-¡m-¡p-¶-Xnv AXmXp {]mb-§-fn At±-lt¯mSpw ]me-Im-]y³ bmsXm¶pw Dcn-bm-Sn-bn- - Ah-bv¡p--m-Ip¶ AhØm hnti-j-§Ä, Db-cw, Ã. `àn-{]-{ib]qÀÆw tcma-]m-Z³ hnSm-sX-IqSn h®w, ofw apX-em-b-hsb Bkv]-Z-am-¡n-bpÅ ho-pw tNmZn-¨p. At¸mÄ ]me-Im-]y³ tcma-]m-Z- KpW-tZm-j-§Ä hne-n-Ý-bn-¡p-hm-pÅ amÀ¤w, tmSv Bß-IY hnh-cn-¡m³ XpS-§n. 21
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 ]- v B- I Ä¡v BIm- i ¯pw k©- c n- B{i-a-¯nsâ ]pd-¯p-t]m-bn aq{X-hn-kÀÖwbv¡m-am-bn-cp-¶p. lnam-e-b-¯nsâ hS¡v Ccp-¶q- sNbv X p. aq{X- t ¯m- s Sm¸w ip¢hpw {khn- ¨ p.dp- t bm- P hnkv X m- c - ¯ n ]SÀ¶p ]´- e n¨p alÀjn B{i-a-¯n-tebv¡p aS-§nb DSs Hcpn¶ Hcp t]cm ac- a p- - m - b n- c p- ¶ p. B t]cm- e n- ]nSn-bm þ KpW-hXn þ ip¢-k-ln-X-amb B aq{Xwt·Â B-IÄ sN¶n-cp-¶p. AXnsâ sIm¼p-IÄ h¶p IpSn- ¨ p. Xma- k - a p- - m - b n- à . AhÄ KÀ`n- W n-ASÀ¶p hoWp. At¸mÄ AXn--Sn-bn Xma-kn- bm-bn. hmbn-eqsS Hcp aIs {]k-hn-¡p-Ibpw¨n-cp¶ ZoÀL-X-]-sʶ alÀjn tIm]n¨v B- sNbvXp. im]-tam£w e`n¨ KpW-hXn ]p{XsIsf i]n- ¨ p. AXnsâ ^e- a mbn B- I Ä¡v kma-Km-b apn¡p ÂIn kzÀ¤-¯n-te¡p aS-BImi KXn-bm-Ãm-Xm-hp-I-bpw, ap-jy-hm-l--§- §n. kma-Km-b-³ ]p{Xv PmX-IÀ½m-Zn-IÄ Ign¨vfmbn A[:]Xn- t ¡- n hcn- I bpw sNbv X p. Zn¤- P - ]me-Im-]y-s¶p t]cn«p hfÀ¯n. ]me-Im-]y³§-sf-am{Xw ZoÀL-X-]Êp i]n-¨n-Ã. ]´o-cm-bncw hÀjw KP-§Äs¡m¸w Pohn¨v Ah- Zn¤-P-§Ä X§-fpsS hwi-¯n-epÅ FÃm-K- bpsS `£ym-`-£y-§-fpw, CjvSm-n-jvT-§-fp-saÃmwP-§-tfmSpw IqSn {_Òm-hnsâ ASp-¡Â sN¶p icnbv¡pw a-Ên-em-¡n.k¦Sw ]d-ªp. `K-hmt! R§-fpsS hwi-¯n AÃtbm tcma-]m-Z-cm-Pmth! B ]me-Im-]y-Pn-¨-hÀ¡v `mKy-tZmj-¯m `qan-bn Pohn-t¡- mWp Rm³.- X mbn h¶n- c n- b v ¡ p- ¶ p. AhÀ¡v `£- W - t Zmjw CXp tI«-t¸mÄ tcma-]m-Zv hfsc AÛpXwnan¯w tcmK-§Ä _m[n-bv¡p-a-tÃm. F´mWv tXm¶n. At±lw KP-§sf kw-_-Ôn¨v XpSÀ¨-AhÀ sN¿pI? bmbn AtIw tNmZy-§Ä tNmZn-¨p. B tNmZy- {_Òmhv adp-]Sn ]d-ªp. “KP-_Ôp-hmb Hcp- §Ä¡p adp-]-Sn-bmbn ]me-Im-]y³ KtPmÂ]¯nalÀjn ASp¯ Ime¯p Xs¶ Pn- b v ¡ pw. apX NnIn-Õm-hn-[n-I-f-S¡w kIe Imcy§fpwBbqÀtÆZ hnZ-Kv[-mb At±lw KP-tcm-K-§-sf- ]dªp sImSp- ¯ p. AXmWv ]me- I m- ] y- s a¶sbms¡ amän-s¡mÅpw.” {_lm-am-hnsâ Bizmk {]kn² lkvXym-bpÀtÆ-Zw.hNw tI«v Zn¤-P-§Ä aS-§-nt]m¶p aäp KP-§Ä alm-tcm-K-Ømw, £p{Z-tcm-K-Øm-w, iey-im]-a-p-k-cn¨v `qan-bnepw h¶p-tNÀ¶p. Øm-w, D¯-c-Ømw F¶n-§s mep Øm- ]n¶oSv {_Òmhv kÀÆ-ku-µcy kmcw sIm-v §-en-embn qänAdp-]-X-²ymbw ]me-Im-]y-¯n-Xm³ krjvSn¨ Hcp kpµcn IW-¡n-tesd KÀÆn-jvT- ep-v. ap¶q-ä-n ]-Xn-©v tcmK-§-fpsS nZm e£-bmbn ImWp-Ibm Ahsf i]n-¨p. X·qew AhÄ - Wm-Zn-Ifpw NnIn-Õ-Ifpw AXn hnh-cn-bv¡p-¶p.`mÀ¤h alÀjn-bpsS ]p{Xn-bmbn Pn-¨p. KpW-hXn- - kma- t h- Z - ¯ n n¶t{X Zn¤- P - § - f psSsb-¶p-t]-cmb B IyI Øe-hn-tij ZÀi D¸¯n kqcy-tKmfw GX-WvU-¯n n¶mtWIuXpIw nan¯w amXwK alÀjn-bpsS B{i-a¯n - D-m-bXv B AWvU-¯nsâ c-v HmSp-IÄ c-pF¯n-t¨À¶p. Ahsf I--t¸mÄ amXwK alÀjn ssIbnepw sh¨v {_Òmhv Ggp kma-a-{´-§ÄhnNm-cn¨p þ Fsâ X]-Êp-ap-S-¡m³ tZth{µ--b¨p AJ-WvU-ambn imw sNbvXp. At¸mÄ hes¯h¶-h-fm-Wn-h-sf-¶v. ‘ChÄ Hcp ]nSn-bm--bmbn ssIbnse HmSnÂn¶v sFcm- h - X - a p- - m - b n. ]ns¶t]mIs«’ F¶p s]s«¶p i]n-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Hmtcm kma-§-fmbn imw shtÆsd sNbvXp.]ns¶-bmWv a-Ên-em-bXv KpW-hXn nc-]cm-[n-bm-sW- - At¸mÄ ]pWvU-co-Im-Zn-I-fmbn ]ns¶-bpÅ Ggp¶v. DSs im]-tam-£hpw sImSp-¯p. ‘kma-Km-b Zn¤- P - § - f p- - m - b n. CSs¯ ssIbnse Hm«n n¶valÀjn-bpsS ipIvfw IpSn¨v o Hcp ]p{Xs {]k- A{`-a-pXp-S-§n-{I-a-¯n F«p ]nSn-bm--I-fp--m-bn.hn-¡pw. A¶p nsâ im]hpw Xocpw’ F¶v. Ah-bmWv sFcm-h-XmZn Zn¤-P-§-fpsS Iq«p-Im-cn- Hcp Znhkw Hcp b£n kz]v-¯n kma-Km- IÄ. BZn-¤-P-§-fn n¶v ]p{X]u-{Xm-Zn-{I-taWb alÀjnsb {]m]n-¨p. DSs kma-Km-b-³ aäp KP-§-sfÃmw D- m - b - t {X. {ioIr-jvW-Ip-amÀ sIm«m-c¯v:-þ sdhyq Un¸mÀ«vsaânÂ, sdhyq C³kvs]-IvS-dmbn tPmen sN¿p-¶p. Imen- ¡äv kÀÆ-I-em-im-e-bn ‘N. V. IrjvW-¿-cpsS ncq-]W ZrjvSn ae-bmf kmln-Xy-¯nÂ’ F¶ hnj-b-s¯-Ip-dn¨v Kth- j Ww S¯n sIm- n - c n- ¡ p- I - b m- W v . nc- h [n teJ- - a - Õ - c - § Ä¡v ]pc- k v I m- c - § Ä tSn- b n- « p- - v . CXn ‘mc-b-Wobw ]pc-kvImcw’, IrjvW-m-«s¯ Bkv]-Z-am-¡n-bpÅ “IrjvW-KoXn ]pc-kvImcw’ F¶n-h-bmWv {][m- w. Ct¸mÄ XrÈqÀ I- - È mw- I - S - h n Xma- k n- ¡ p- ¶ p. 22
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 kly-]p-{X-pw, BS-bm-`cW§fpw - - - apIp-µ³ Ip«³Ip-f-§c `qan-bn tZi hyXym-k-hpw, {]Ir-Xn-bpsS I¶ sIm¼p-IÄ, hoXn-bpÅ s]cp-ap-Jw, ]pd- amähpw Ap-k-cn-¨v, Cuiz-c³ FÃm Poh-Pm-e-§- t¯¡v XÅnb hmbp Ip`w, DbÀ¶ hncnªv ap¶n- fnepw cq]- ¯ nepw `mh- ¯ nepw F¶p- t h- nd- te¡v adª Ip¶n, hen-¸-apÅ sNhn-IÄ, Ipdp- ¯nepw hyXykvX krjvSn¨p hcp-¶-Xmbn ap¡p Inb Igp-¯v. Ccn¸v Øm-t¯-¡mÄ DbÀ¶ Xe, ImWm-hp-¶-Xm-Wv. of-apÅ DSÂ, XSn-¨Xpw DbÀ¶-Xp-amb S-IÄ Cu amäw B- I - f nepw I- p - h - c p- ¶ Xv {]IrXn (ap³Im-ep-IÄ) henb sNcn-¸-Sn-IÄ, of-ap-Å-Xpw, nbaw am{Xw. B-I-fn Xs¶ B{^n-¡³ B- ne¯v ap«m-¯-Xp-am-b hmÂ, tX³n-d-apÅ I®p- I- f pw, Gjy³ B- I fpw hfsc A´- c - a p- - v . IÄ, ico-c-¯nsâ ndw Nmc ndw IeÀ¶ Idp¸v. F¶m Ch-bn FÃmw n¶v, tIc-f¯nse kly- - CsXms¡ Bbm à e£-W-bp-à-m-bn. ]p-{X-·mÀ kpµ-c·m-cpw, Kmw`ocyw ndªp n¡p- - Ct¸mÄ tIc-f-¯n m«m--I-fpsS F®w ¶- h bpw BWv F¶v FSp¯v ]d- t b- - X p- - v . m«m- -IÄ F¶v ]d-bp-t¼mÄ tIc-f¯nsâ Ab {]tZ- - i-§-fmb IÀ®m-S-I, Xan-gvmSv AXnÀ¯n ImSp-I- fnse B-I-sfbpw C¡q-«-¯n DÄs¸Sp-¯n-h-cp- ¶p. ]gb B-I-fn {]ap-J-cm-bn-cp¶p a¶m-Sn-bmÀ cma-N-{µ³, sImÃ-t¦mSv A¿-¸³, Im¨mw-Ip-dn¨n tIi-h³ Xan-gvmSv tIcf hw AXnÀ¯n-bnÂs¸- Sp¶hbm- b ncp¶p. AXp- t ]mse IÀ®m- S I AXnÀ¯n-bn n¶v h¶-h-cm-bn-cp-¶p. i¦-cwIp- f§c Ip«n-Ir-jvW³, Xncp-h-¼mSn tZh-kzw tKmhn- µ³Ip«n, F¶o B-IÄ. Hs¡ Xs¶bpw m«m-- I-fn ap³ nc-bn hncm-Pn-¨-h-bm-bn-cp-¶p. tIc- f-¯nse tIm¶n, tImS-mSv Iq«n n¶v Cd-§nb B-IÄ KP-n-c¡v kuµ-cy-¯nv XneI-aWn-bn- ¨-h-cm-Wv. Inc-§m«v tIi-h³ apX Ip«-Ip-f-§c cma-Zmkv hsc Xe-ap-d-bmbn h¶v n¡p-t¼mÄ, tImS-mSv Iq«n n¶v apÃ-¡Â _me-Ir-jvW³, Xnc-h-¼mSn inh-kp-µÀ, ]m¼mSn cmP³ F¶o KP- ho-c-·mÀ Cd-§n-h-¶-h-cn {]ap-JÀ BWv. `wKn- bpsS nc C§s t]mIp-¶p-sh-¦n ap-jy³ I- Gähpw henb B- I - f mb sN§- à qÀ a- h I c¦-m-Y³, Kpcp-hm-bqÀ tIi-h³ F¶n-hÀ B- I-¼-¡mÀ¡v C¶pw kvac-W-bn hnkva-b-ambn nev¡p-¶p. à B- I - f psS e£- W - § - f n- t e¡v F¯ntm¡p-Ibm-sW-¦n of-apÅ I¯ Xp¼n- - Ip«³Ipf§c cma-Zmkv ssI, hnSÀ¶ Np- v (Xp- ¼ n- b psS Aäw) FSp- ¯ - 23
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 W-§-fmbn mK]-S-hpw, Nqc-s]m- fnbpw h¶p. ]n¶oSv AXn Hcp ]co-£bpw hnP-bn-¨n-«n-Ã. Af- hn 1 tIm 6 hncÂ. Gähpw henb Xte-s¡-«nsâ Af-hm-Ip- t¼mÄ, 1 tIm 4 hncÂ, 1 tIm 3 hnc F¶o Af-hp-IÄ henb B-IÄ¡pw CS-¯-c-¡mÀ¡pw Hcp- t ]mse sI«m- h p- ¶ - X m- W v . sh©m-a-c-hpw, Be-h-«hpw Hcp amä-¯npw k½-Xn-¡msX ne- n¶v t]mIp-¶p. IpS-bpsS Imcy- ¯nÂ, km[m-cW IpS¡v ]pdta Xma-c-hn-Ãv, Xma-c-hn-Ãn mK- ]¯n (FÃmw DÄh-is¯ Ic-hn- cp-Xm-Wv) F¶o§s-bmWv ]pcm- X- - a mbn I- p - h - c p- ¶ - X v . CXvhfsc Ipd-ªp. IqSp-Xepw tZhkzw A[o--X- ]Wn- b p- h m³ C¶v c- p - t ]À am{Xta Pohn- ¨ n- c p- ¸ p-bn- e m- W v . B t{]an- I - f m- b - h À m«m- - I - f psS Åq. C¯cw IpS-IÄ hnc-en F®m-hp¶ tZh-F®w m«n D- m - I - W - s a- ¦ n A[n- I m- c n- I - f psS kz-§Ä n[n-t]mse Ct¸mgpw kq£n-¨p-h-cp-¶p.I®p- X p- d - ¸ n- ¡ m³ cwK¯v Cd- t §- kabw tImew, AYhm XnS¼v F¶ ]d-b-s¸-Sp-¶Xv sX¡vAXn-{I-an¨v Ign-ªp. I]Skvtlw Sn¨v am[y- `mK¯v D]-tbm-Kn-¡p¶ hen-¸-¯nÂ, a²y-tI-c-f-a-§-fn Ømw ]nSn-¡p-hm³ S-¡p¶ B ¯n-teXv F¯p-t¼mÄ A©c ASn-tbmfw Db-c-t{]an-Isf C¡q-«-¯n DÄs¸-Sp-¯-cp-Xv. Fs´- ¯n hcn-Ibpw Ae-¦m-c-§Ä IqSp-Ibpw sN¿p-¦nepw sNbv s X- ¦ nÂ, hcpw `mhn- b n mS³ ¶p. Igp-¯nse Ib- d p- I Ä ]- v ]«v s]mXn-bÂBIfpsS t^mt«m I- v Xr]v X n- b - S - t b- KXn- D- m - b n- c p- ¶ nà Ct¸mÄ AsXÃmw Imgv N - b n ]c-tISv hcp-sa-¶-Xnv XÀ¡-an-Ã. tam-¶-Xn-bn F¯n-bn-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv. aWn-Iq«w B-I-fpsS Na-b-§Ä ]e Ime-§-fn-embn kvs]j Bbn shÅ HmSn Xs¶ XoÀ¡p-I-cq]w sIm- v C¶s¯ ne- b n F¯n- b - X mhmw bmWv ]Xn-hv. FÃm Na-b-§fpw AWnªv S-¶-F¶v Icp-Xm-hp-¶Xm-Wv. cmPm-¡·mÀ bp²-¯n-epw, - - Sp- ¡ p¶ Hcp kly- ] p- { Xs I- m Â, Ct¸mÄ ae-cmP-Iob tLmj-bm-{X-bn-epw, sNdnb Ipan-f-IÄ bmfn am{X-aÃ, B-¡¼w, B lcw temIs¯ apgp- -XpWn-I-fn Xp¶n ]nSn-¸n¨ sIm¨p-X-te-s¡-«v, Inc- h³ Iog- S ¡n sIm- n - c n- ¡ p- I - b m- W v .§m«v ¼q-Xn-cn-bpsS a-Ên hncn-ªv, C¶s¯ ap¯-ѳ, A¨³ apX XpSÀ¶v In«nb BXse-s¡«v AYhm sän-¸-«-am-bn. s]cp-hcw ]qc- I¼w AXn Bgv¶v ]Tn-¡p-hm-pw, Adn-bp-hmpw¯nsâ hnkva-b-ambn amdn. AXn ]n¶oSv ]co-£- Ign-ªp. Cà AXv XpS-cp-I-bm-Wv. {io apIp-µ³ Ip«³ Ipf-§c þ ]qc-§-fpsS mSmb XrÈq-cnse Ip«³Ip-f- §c kztZ-in. B, B-¨-abw Cu hnj-b-§-fn AXoh XÂ]-c³. KP]cn-]m- e- - ¯ n Gsd {i²m- e p. B- t {]- a n- I - f n FSp- ¯ p- ] - d - t b- t]cmWv Ct±- l - ¯n-tâ-Xv. Ip«³Ipf§c, Xncp-h-¼mSn t£{X-§-fnse kPoh {]hÀ¯-I³. 24
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 B-Isf ab-¡p-shSn sh¡p-¶-Xnv ap³]pw ]n³]pw {i²n- t ¡- Nne Imcy- § Ä Dr. cm[m-IrjvW ssIaÄ Zqsc n¶p- s Im- - p - X s¶ B- I sf Ip¯n- D- m b ]pXnb DWÀhn Dcp- ¯ n- c n- ª - X mWv ab- sh¨p ab¡n im´-cm-¡mpw Xf-bv¡mpw Ign- ¡p- s h- S n. ab- ¡ m- pÅ acp¶p nd¨ kndn©v bp¶ B[p-oI kmt¦-XnI coXn-bmWv ab-¡p-sh- tXm¡p-]-tbm-Kn¨v e£y-Øm--t¯¡v ]mbn-¡pw. Sn. (Chemical immobilisation or Tranquirlisation) Ccp-]Xmw kndn-©nsâ kqNn arK-¯nsâ ico-c¯n Xd-bv¡p- - qäm- n sâ Adp- ] - X p- I - f n B{^n- ¡ ³ B- I - ¶-tXmsS acp¶v Ip¯n-sh-bv¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. kndn©pw fnepw Fgp-]-Xp-I-fn atejy, {ioe¦ F¶n-hn-S- kqNnbpw DÄs¸« hnt£-]W kma-{Kn¡v ‘UmÀ«v’ §-fnse Gjy³ B-Ifnepw Cu coXn {]tbm-Kn¨p. - F¶mWv t]cv. UmÀ«v ]mbn-¡mpw acp¶v Ip¯n- C´y-bn Hdo-Ê, ]Ýna _wKmÄ F¶n-hn-S-§-fn sh-bv¡mpw sNdnb shSn-a-cp¶v Xnc D]-tbm-Kn-¡p- Bcw-`-¯n S-¯nb Hmtcm {iahpw hnP-b-I-c- ¶p. kndn©v Xd- ¡ p- t ¼m- g p- - m - I p¶ BLm- X - t aäv am-bn-cp-¶p. ]n¶oSv ]e Øe-§-fnepw ab-¡p-shSn NmÀÖv s]m«p- I bpw B aÀ±w sIm- v acp¶v {]tbm- K n- I - a m- ¡ p- I - b p- - m - b n. tIc- f - ¯ n Cu Ip¯n-sh-bv¡-s¸-Sp-Ibpw sN¿pw. amÀ¤w Ah-ew-_n¨v mq-dn ]cw {]mhiyw ab-¡p-sh-Sn-bpsS {]m[myw ]e Xc-¯n-em-Wv. ab¡n Xf-¨n-«p--v. Ah-bn A[n-Ihpw aZ-¸m-Sn Im«m--¡q-«-¯n n¶pw e£-W-sam-¯-Xns iey-¡m-cmb m«m--I-fm-bn-cp-¶p. am{Xw Xncªv _Ôn-¡mw. icoc £X-taÂ-¡msX Ncn-{Xm-Xo-XImew apX hyXyØ D]m-b§Ä - - Xf- b v ¡ mw. hnf- m- i - a p- - m - ¡ p- ¶ - h - t b- b pw, sIme ne- h n- e p- - m - b n- c p- ¶ p- s h- ¦ nepw th- { X ^e- { ]- Z - a m- sIm¼-m--I-tfbpw Xf¨v mSp-I-S-¯p-I-sbm, Iq«n- bn-cp¶nà F¶p-X-s¶-bà ico-c-£Xw ]gb coXn- e-S-¡p-Isbm sN¿mw. apdn-hnpw tcmK-¯npw I- f psS IqS- ] n- d - ¸ m- W v . ikv { X- { In- b m- c o- X n- b n ab¡n NnIn-Õn-¡mw. IÀ®m-S-I-¯n Nne Im«m- 25
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005- I - f psS o- p hfÀ¶ sIm¼v apdn¨v B- t h- « - km²yX-bp--v. AX-]-I-S-am-Wv. kÀÆ kzX-{´-mb¡m-cpsS NqjWw Hgn-hm-¡mpw Cu amÀ¤-a-h-ew- B-bmWv nb-{´Ww hn«-sX-¦n ab-¡p-shSn_n-¡p-¶p. kwLw {]tXyI Pm{KX ]men- t ¡- - X p- v B Im«m- - b nepw m«m- - b nepw Hcp- t ]mse Xncn-ªm-{I-an-¡m³ Xpn-bp¶ ]£w Bß-c-£-aZ- ¸ mSv D- m - I m- d p- v F¦nepw Gsd `mcn¨ ]Wn- b n- ¡p- t h- kpc- £ n- X - Ø mw Xnc- s ª- S p- ¡ - W w.ÃmsX AanX t]mjWw sIm- v A[nIw XSn¨m«m--I-fn-emWv {]tXy-In¨v XWp-¸p-Im-e¯v IqsSIqsS D- m - h m- d v . DuÀÖ- k z- e - X - b psS {]I- S - a mbe£Ww F¶mWv aZ-¸m-Sns s]mXpsh AwKo-Icn- -¨n-«p-ÅXv.- oÀho-¡-¯nsâ Bcw-`w, oscm-gp-¡v, hn]-coX {]XnI-cWw, F´n-tbpw XIÀ¡Â XmÂ]cy -Ipd-hv, IpXn-¨p-]m-bm-pÅ {]h-WX F¶o BdpL«-§-fn {]tXy-In¨v aq¶mw L«-¯n N§eXIÀ¯v ap³t]m«v IpXn-¡mpw ]oVw G¸n¨]m¸m-tmSv ]Icw XoÀ¡m-p-am-hpw hmRvO. aZ-bm sIme-bm--bmbn amdp-¶Xv Cu kµÀ`-¯n-em-Wv. ZWvUw CÃmsX kvtlw sIm-p-am{Xw nb-{´n¨ nc-h[n ZrjvSm-´-§-fp--v. {]mbm-[n-Iy-ap-Å-hbv¡v aZ-¸m-Snsâ Ime-b-fhv Ipdªpw sNdp-{]m-b- ¡ mÀ¡v IqSn IqSn- b p- a mWv I- p - h - c p- ¶ - X v . nb-{´Ww hn« B-Isf ab-¡p-shSn sh¡p-¶-Xnv ap¼mbn hf-sc-b[nIw Imcy-§Ä Hcp ap³I- -cp- X  F¶- n- e bv ¡ v Adn- t b- - X p- - v . nb- { ´Ww hr£-¯nv apI-fn n¶pw Bbv¡v Ib-dm³hn« B Im«m--sb-t¸mse kÀÆ kzX-{´-mtWm ]äm¯ Xn- p - I Ä, hoXn- I p- d ª Bg- a pÅ tXmSp-F¶-dn-bWw. nb-{´Ww hn«v ]cp-¡p-Isfm, Poh- IÄ B aXn-en--Sp-¯m-sW-¦n aXn-en--¸p-dw.m- i sam, mi- - j v S - § sfm D- m - ¡ n- b n- « ps- m F¶- sI«n-Sp-¯m-sW-¦n P-hm-Xn-enÂIq-Sn-sbm, X«n³ -dn-bWw. Bbpw H¶mw ]m¸m-p-am-bpÅ ]g-¡w, ]pd-s¯m, sSd-Ên nt¶m shSn-sh-¡p-¶Xv IqSp-B CSª kml-N-cyhpw ]Ým-¯-ehpw a-Ên- X kpc- £ n- X - a m- b n- c n- ¡ pw. B- ¸ p- d - ¯ p- n¶vem-¡-Ww. Ip¶n³ap-I-fnepw sN¦p-¯mb {]tZ-i- Bsf Cd-¡m¯ kml-N-cy-§-fn Abm-tfmSv§-fnepw sh¨pÅ ab-¡p-shSn Ign-bp-¶Xpw Hgn- ss[cy- a mbn Iangv ¶ p InS- ¡ m³ ]d- b - W w.hm- ¡ - W w. AXp- t ]mse cm{Xn Ime- § - f n- e pw. ]m¸m³amÀ Bbv¡p tÀ¡v n¡msX Hcp-h-F¶m Dd-¸pÅ aXn sI«n--I¯v shfn-¨-ap-s- i-t¯¡v amdn n¶v Pm{KX ]peÀ¯-Ww. 15 apX¦n cm{Xn sN¿m-hp-¶-Xm-Wv. AXp-t]mse Xs¶ 20 hsc hb- Ê n- p- a p- Å n D- m - I p¶ tamU F¶p`mKnI-amb _´-h-Ênepw ab-¡p-shSn {]tbm-Kn- hnti-jn-¸n-¡m-hp¶ aZ ka-b¯v s]s«¶v tcmjm-¡mw. ab-¡p-sh-Sn-sh-bv¡p-¶-Xnv ap³]v ab-¡p- Ip-e-cm-¡p-¶Xpw IqSp-X Ipkr-Xn-bp-Å-hbpwshSn sh¨ DSs Nne B-IÄ HmSp-hm³ km²y- A{Iam-k-àcpw ]m¸msâ I¸--IÄ¡v hg-§m-X-bpÅ Imcyw ]m¸m-tbpw ImWn-Itfbpw ]dªv - ¯-Xmbpw Bbn-cn¡pw. aZ-apÅ apXnÀ¶ 5% B-a-Ên-em¡n Pm{KX ]peÀ¯m³ {]tXyIw nÀt±- IÄ im´cpw Ap-k-cn-¡p-¶-h-bmbpw Ap-`-h-in-¡Ww AYhm HmSp¶ ]£w hn«v hn«v Bsb s¸-«n-«p--v.hnfn¨v A©m-dp-n-anjw B HmSmsX tm¡-Ww. B n¡p¶ Øe- h pw, kml- N - c yhpwab-¡p-sh-Sn-¡p-tijw B shÅ-¯n Cd-§m³ kqjvaambn nco-£n¨v B-bpsS s]cp-amäw ImbnI - 26
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 iàn, {]mbw XpS-§nb LS-I-§Ä a-Ên-em-¡n- ¡p- s h- S n- ¡ p- t ijw Bsb ]qÀ® _´- h Êv bmWv ab-¡p-a-cp-¶nsâ tUmkv nÝ-bn-¡p-¶-Xv. B¡p- ¶ - X p- h sc P- § Ä i_v Z - a p- - m - ¡ m- s Xbpw hmÂIp-S-¯nsâ hi-§-fn t]f ]pd¯v ab-¡p- ]S¡w s]m«n-¡m-sXbpw D¨-`m-jWn {]tbm-Khpw shSn DXnÀ¯p-¶-XmWv Gähpw kpc-£n-X-Xzw. ab- D- m - I msX {i²n- ¡ - W w. hS- s a- d nªp Ipcp- ¡ p- ¶ - ¡p-acp¶v {]tbm-Kn-¡p-¶bm-fn-sâbpw kl-{]-hÀ¯- - - Xnp ap³]v Hcp o- hSn- s Imt- m AYhm Hcp I-cp-sSbpw kpc-£n-X-Xzhpw hfsc {][m--s¸-«-Xm- sNdnb IÃv tZl-¯n-te¡v Fdntªm B{I-an-¡p- Wv. th-{X Pm{KX ]peÀ¯m-sXbpw kpc-£n-XXz hm-pÅ hy{KX a-Ên-em-¡mw. kwhn-[mw GÀs¸-Sp-¯m-sXbpw nev¡p¶ Øe- Im«m--Itf ab-¡p-hm³ Cs½m-_n-tem¬ ¯nsâ `qan-im-kv{X-]camb {]tXy-IXIÄ IW-¡n- - - - - AYhm “Fw 99” F¶ acp-¶mWv {]tbm-Kn-¡p-¶-Xv. se-Sp-¡m-sXbpw Bsb shSn-hb¡m³ Hcp-§p-¶Xv- v amc-I-am-b-Xn-m AXoh {i²-tbmsS ssIImcyw A]-ISw £Wn-¨p -h-cp-¯p¶-Xnp Xpey-am-Wv. sN¿p-Ibpw {]Xyu-j[§fmb sU]n-tmÀ^ntm - - - tdm_³ AYhm sske-kn³ sslt{Um-t¢m-dnUv Fw 50-þ50 Icp-X-Ww. Fw 99 sâ U_nÄ tUmkn- F¶ acp-¶mWv m«m-Isf ab-¡m³ D]-tbm-Kn-¡p- - emWv {]Xyu-j[w Ip¯n-h-bv¡p-¶-Xv. m«n D-m- ¶-Xv. 100 an. {Kmw. Hcp kn. kn. bnepÅ acp¶v Hcp Ip¶ kpc-£n-XXzw Im«n e`n-¡m-¯-Xp-Im-cWw S¬ Xq¡-apÅ Bbv¡v F¶v s]mXpsh IW-¡m- ]änb Xm¸m-¸p-d¯v khmcn sNbvXv Im«m-tb ab- - ¡m-sa-¶n-cp-¶mepw B-bpsS Ah-Øbpw kml-N- ¡p-hm³ km[n-t¨-¡pw. kqNn t]in-¡p-Ån Ib-dn- cyhpw Ap- k - c n¨v Aev ] w hÀ²n- ¸ n- t ¡- n hcpw. bn-«p-s¦n thK-¯nepw Xz¡n-Sn-em-sW-¦n kmh- - - Bâ-tKm-kn F¶ adp-a-cp¶p ab¡w DWÀ¯p- [m-¯nepw ab-¡w Ap-`hs¸-Sp-¶p. AXp-t]mse - - - hm³ Icp-X-Ww. ab¡p shSn-tbäp ab-§p¶ B- ag-bpÅ kµÀ`-§fn ab¡w sshIn-tb-¡pw. - IÄ XnIª At_m-[m-hØbn BI-Wsa-¶n-Ã. - - - ]n³Im-en sI«nb N§e Aev]w o-p InS- icoca-¡m-m-Im¯ nÝ-em-hØ. - ¡p- ¶ p- s - ¦ n AXnsâ I®n- b n IqSn IbÀ ab- ¡ p- a - c p- ¶ nsâ tUmkv ico- c - a m- k - I ew tImÀs¯-Sp¯v H¶v _Ôn-¡-Ww. AÃm-¯-]£w hym]n-¨mepw nÝ-em-h-Ø-bn F¯m¯ kµÀ`- hS-¯nsâ h«-I-®n-bpÅ `mKw Npcp«n Fdnªv §Ä D- m - s b¶p hcmw. A¯cw kµÀ`- § - f n tXm«n- s Im- v FSp¯v IbÀ h«- I - ® n- b n IqSn BZyw sImSp¯ tUmknsâ ]IpXn ho- p w tImÀ¯v _Ôn-¨-tijw kpc-£nX Xdn-bn-te¡v {]tbm-Kn-¡m-hp-¶-Xm-Wv. ab-§n-In-S-¡p-I-bm-sW- sIm-p-t]m-I-Ww. S (ap³Im-ep-IÄ)-bpsS -Ibdp- ¦n {]Xyu-j[w Bân-tUm«v Ip¯n-h¨p ab¡w IÄ Hmtcm-¶mbn hen-¡p-¶Xp-kcn¨v Xdn-bn-te¡v - - - DWÀ¯n Fgp-t¶-ev]n-¡-Ww. a-b-¡p-shSn kwLw B o§p- I bpw N§e sIm- v Aacw ac- t ¯mSv _e-apÅ h«-I®n-tbmSpw IqSnb t]mfn-s{]m-¸n-en³ - sI«-Ww. S amdm-¡p-Ibpw thWw. Btb sI«n- Ibdpw of-apÅ tXm«nbpw Icp-X-Ww. b-tijw Xd-¨n-cn-¡p¶ kndn©v hen-s¨-Sp¯v apdn- ab-¡p-shSn icn-bmbn ^en-¨n-«pt-m F¶-dn-bp- hn acp¶v hbv¡-Ww. hm³ 8þ10 ann-«n-p-Ån IW-bn-d§p-¶Xp ImWmw.- th- { X XW CÃm¯ ]£hpw ]I ka- sNhnIfpw hmepw nÝ-e-am-Ip-Ibpw sN¿pw. b¯pw Btb shÅ-sam-gn¨v XWp-¸n-¡-Ww. IqÀ¡w hen-¡p-Ibpw aq{Xw Cäp hoWp-sIm- Fc- sI«p- h m³ km²y- X - b p- s - ¶ v ]m¸m- t mSv -n-cn-¡p-¶Xpw à ab-¡-¯nsâ kqN--bm-Wv. ab- ]d-ªn-cn-¡-Ww. Dr. cm[m- I rjv W ssIaÄ þ {]ikv X shän- dn kÀP³ KP- ] - c n- ] m- e - - ¯ n {]tXyIw sshZKv[yw t-Snb tIc-f-¯nse A]qÀÆw tUmIvSÀam-cn HcmÄ. sIm¨n tZhkzw t_mÀUnsâ KP-]-cn-]m-e D]-tZ-jvSm-hmbpw tk-hw Ap-jvSn-¡p-¶p. Ct±lw Hcp B DSa IqSn-bm- Wv. (Ph : 0487-2333155, 2336389 ) 27
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 hrÝn-tIm-kvX-h-¯nv hncp-¶p-Im-cmbn F¯nb KP-ho-c- ·mÀ cma-hÀ½ Ipªp®n X¼p-cm³ {io ]qÀ®-{X-bo-isâ hrÝn-tIm-Õ-h-¯nv Hcn-¡Â ocnsâ ImTn-y-¯-¯n s]«v hS-hncp-¶p-Im-cmbn F¯n tNÀ¶n-«p-ff tIc-f-¯nse ¡mt©cn hm-²ym³ a¡v kao-]w-h¨v tZhkzwXe-sb-Sp¸pff KP-ho-c-·m-scIp-dn-¨pÅ HmÀ½-I-fn- sNdn-b-N-{µ-ti-J-cs Ip¯m³ {ian-¨-Xmbn tI«n-te¡v Hcp- a-S-¡-bm-{X-bmWv Cu Ipdn-¸nsâ Dt±iw «p--v. ChnsS ]qÀ®-{X-bn-isâ aXn¡-I-s¯¯n- tZhkzw sNdn-b-N-{µ-ti-J-c³tNÀ¶ B- I sf tZhkzw DS- a - Ø - X - b n- e p- f - f - kmamyw à `wKnbpw CS-¯cw sIm¼p-ap-sX¶pw kzIm-cy-hy-àn-IÄ Hma-n-¨p-h-fÀ¯n-b-h- ff sNdn-bN{µ-ti-Jc³ Aev]w Iq«m-Ip¯p kz`m- - - - -sb¶pw Xcw-Xn-cn¨v Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡p-¶Xv IqSp-X h-ap-f-f-h-m-bn-cp-¶p. tImew-I-bän Fgp-¶-f-fn-¨mÂBkzm-Zy-I-c-am-bn-cn-¡p-a-tÃm. Cu kz`mhw ImWn-¡p-I-bnà F¶ hnizm-k-ap--m- C¶s¯ tZhkzw B-IÄ ]eXpw ]cn-Xm- bncps¶-¦nepw. Hcn¡Â Xriq-cn--Sp-¯p-ff sbm-]m-h-Ø-bn-ems-W-¦nepw BZy-Im-es¯ tZhkzw hnse ]qc-¯n C§ns kw`-hn-¨n«p-ffXmbn tI«n- - -B-IÄ e£-W-sam-¯-hbpw Akm-amy Db-c-ap- «p--v.f-fhbpw Bbn-cp-¶p. Ah-bn Gähpw Dbcw IqSn- - tZhkzw ]Zva-m-`³Ip«nb-h-m-bn-cp¶p tZhkzw Ip«n-È-¦-c³. tZhkzw B-I-fn Gähpw tIa-m-b- Hcm-- Ip«n-È-¦-c³ B kmamyw à `wKnbpw Db- bmbncp¶p tZhkzw ]Zva-m-`³Ip«n. hosW-Sp¯vchpw Dff B- b m- b n- c p- ¶ p. AXp- s Im- v Xs¶ nÂIp¶ sIm¼p-I-fmWv Gähpw BIÀj-WobwhrÝn-tIm-Õ-h-¯nv Chsâ ]pd¯v XnS-t¼äpI F¶m B-N´¯nsâ Ah-km-hm-¡mbn IW- - - -]Xn-hm-Wv. {]tXy-In¨pw Xrt¡«]pd-¸m-Snsâ A¶v. ¡m-¡n-bn-cp¶ ]Zva-m-`³ Ip«n AIm-e-¯n Ncn- F¶m Chv IptdtÈ Iq«m--Ip¯v kz`m- bp-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p.h- a p- - m - b n- c p- ¶ p, C¶s¯ sX¨n- t ¡m- « v I m- h nv kzIm-cy-hy-àn-I-fpsS B-IÄD- m - b n- c p- ¶ - X p- t ]m- s e. Ignª qäm--nsâ Bcw-`-Im-e-L-«-¯n hS- CXnv DZm-l-c-W-ambn Hcp kw`-hhpw HmÀ½- ¡³ ae-_m-dnse a-I-fpsS kphÀ®-Im-e-L«wbn sXfn-bp-¶p. tZhkzw A[n-Im-cn-IÄ Gdnb Bbn-cp-¶p. AXp-sIm-v Xs¶ Cu a-I-fn-seÃmwBß- h n- i zm- k - t ¯msS Hcp N§- e - b psS c- - ä - e£-Wsam¯ KP-ho-c·mÀ aÕ-c¯n-s-¶t]mse - - -¯mbn t]mepw sI«p-am-bn-cp-¶p. tZhkzw Ip«n-È- Xe-bp-bÀ¯n-n-¶n-cp-¶p. Ah-bn NneXns-Ip-dn¨v¦-c-tbpw tZhkzw Ip«n-Nn-Zw-_-c-tbpw. F¶mÂHcp sImÃs¯ hrÝn-tIm-Õ-h-¯nv sImSn-tbänv Aev]w kvacn-¡mw.ap³]p-ff BZy-Zn-hks¯ taf-¯nv Ime-an-«t¸mÄ - - ]-a-¶-Iq-S-em-äv]pdw a Ing-t¡-S³, ]men-bwXs¶ Ip«n-È-¦-c³ Ip«n-Nn-Zw-_-cs Ip¯n. CsXm- -ti-J-c³, ]menbw Ip«n-Ir-jvW³sIm-tfm-Sn, i¦p-s¡-bm-bn-cp-s¶-¦nepw Ip«n-È-¦-c³ Btcm-Ky-¯n- ®n-m-bcpsS B, Bh-W]d¼v, tZi-aw-Ke¯v a - - - - -tâbpw Ag-In-sâbpw Imcy-¯n³ kzIm-cy-B--I- A¿-¸³Ip-«n, tZi-aw-K-e-¯va tKm]m-e³ XpS§ntfm-Sp-t]mepw InS-n¡p-¶-Xm-bn-cp-¶p. {io ]qÀ®-{X-bo-isâ hrÝn-tIm-Õ-h-¯nv tamSn-tZhkzw Ip«n-Nn-Zw-_-c³ Iq-«m³ F¯n tNÀ¶ B k-lysâ a¡sf Ipdn¨- Hcp- h n[w s]m¡- a p- - v . Btcbpw D]- { Z- h n- ¨ - ev]w hnti-jw.Xmtbm, mi--jvS-§-fp--m-¡n-b-Xmtbm Adn-hn-Ã. IqS-em-äp-]pdw cma-N-{µ³]s£ Ip«n-È-¦-c-sâb-{Xbpw AgIpw BIÀj-Wo- Chv s]m¡w teiw Ipd- h m- W v . Dcp- {]Ir-b-Xbpw CÃ. Xn-bm-Wv. im´-kz-`m-hnbpw Fgp-¶-f-fn-¸nsâ ne- 28
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 bn Akm-am-y-p-am-Wv. ocp-Im-e¯v hg¡v cp-t¼m-sgÃmw Zqc-tZ-i¯p n¶p-t]mepw Chs D- m - b - X mbn Adn- h n- à . Hcp tm¡p ImWm³ B I¼-¡mÀ F¯m-dp- - v . tZi-aw-K-e-¯p-a tKm]m-e³ s]m¡w Ipdªv XSn¨ {]Ir- X n- b mWv tKm]m- e - v . XSn¨v Dcp- - s Im- ¼ p- I fpw Chsâ {]tXy-I-X-bm-Wv. ocp-Im-es¯ Chsâ hnIrXn hfsc {]kn- ²-am-Wv. Npäp-]mSpw hndIv Iq«n Im«m--Isf AI- äp-¶-Xp-t]mse ocp-Im-e¯v Chs Xf-¨n-Sp¶ ac- ¯nv Npäpw XoIq«n Chs AS-¡n-nÀ¯p-I-]-Xn- hm-Wv. ]n¶oSv kaÀ°-cmb ]m¸m³amÀ hcp-¶-Xp- hsc Cu ne XpS-cp-am-bn-cp-¶-s{X. Hcn-¡Â Xr¸p-Wn-¯pd DÕ-h-¯nv F¯nb Ah³ ]Sn- ª msd ]me- ¯ nsâ kao]w h¨v h- n Ip¯m³ {ian¨ kw`- h - a p- - m - b n- « p- - v . ]menbw tiJ-c³ Imcy- a m- b - s ]m- ¡ - a p- f f Chv à Ag- Ips- ¶ v ]d- b m³ Ign- b n- à . apJ¯pw akv X - I - ¯nepw shff ]m-p--v. ]menbw Ip«n-Ir-jvW³ s]m¡w Ipdª {]Ir-XamWv Ip«n-Ir-jvWtâ- - - Xv. Iq«m--Ip¯pw B-¡msc Ip¯n-sIm-Ã-ep-amWv IqS-em-äp-]pdw cma-N-{µ³ {][m hntm-Zw. 27 Bsf sIm¶ B-bmbXp- tZi-aw-Kew A¿-¸³Ip-«n. sIm-v ]ecpw sI«n Agn¨v B-bpsS Fsâ C{Xbpw Imes¯ B- I sf I- p - hfÀ¨bv¡pw Btcm-Ky-¯npw tISv kw`-hn-¨p. ff ]cn-Nbw h¨v ]d-bp-I-bm-sW-¦n Gähpw ]-a e£- W bpàmb Icn- h o- c - mWv tZi- a w- K ew à s]m¡hpw hncnªv hos-Sp-¯p- A¿- ¸ ³Ip«n AXns tsc H¶p- I m- W m³ n¡p¶ sIm¼p-Ifpw hnti-j-am-Wv. sIm¼p-IÄ kzev]w B-¡-¼-ap-ff Bcpw I®nsâ Ca-sh- X½n à AI-e-am-Wv. à hmÀ Cd-¡hpw ofw «msX tm¡n-n¶v t]mIpw. IqSnb Imep-Ifpw à s]m§nb akvX-Ihpw D-m- A{X¡v hio- I - c - W - i - à n- b p- f f Hcp bn-cp¶ Ch³ ImgvN-bn kpµ-c-m-bn-cp-¶p. sIm¼s AXnv ap³t]m AXnv tijtam Ing-t¡-S³ Rm³ I- n - « n- à . AXnsâ sNhn- h o- i n- b m ]c- kmam- y- s ]m- ¡ - t a- b p- f - f p- s h- ¦ nepw hos- - S p- kv]cw Iq«n-ap-«pw IÃn sIm¯n-h-¨-Xp-t]m-ep- ¯- s Im¼pw à sNhnbpw Df- f - X n- m Hcp ff sIm¼p-Ifpw Be-h-«-¯n abnÂ]oen ASp- {]tXyI BIÀj- W o- b - X - b p- - v . ¡n-b-Xp-t]mse tcma-n-_n-U-amb hmepw AXnsâ sImf-¡p-¶¯v i¦p-®n-m-b-cpsS B atm- l m- c n- X bv ¡ v amäp- I q- « p- ¶ - X m- b n- c p- ¶ p. kmamyw AgIpw `wKnbpw Dff h®-an-Ãm¯ A§s IÃnÂsIm¯nsb-Sp-¯-Xp-t]mse Icn-n- hos--Sp¯ sIm¼pw Dff Ch³ kmamyw s]m¡- d- a mÀ¶ Cu KP- h o- c sâ ta¯v ]m- v Xosc D- m - ap- f - f - h - m- W v . Fgp- ¶ - f - f n- ¸ n- p- f f s]m¡w D- v . bn-cp-¶n-Ã. B- b psS o- - I m- e s¯ Ap- ` - h - § Ä Adn- b n- à . {io]qÀ®-{X-bo-isâ XnS¼v Gäm³ Ch³h- tNeqÀa (In-gt-¡ho-«n tKm]n) 29
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 kmamyw s]m¡w, à Xe- s b- S p- ¸ v, e¯v - h o- « n sIm- p - h - ¶ - X m- W v . _me³]n- f - f - bpsS `mcy Cu B¡p«nsb Hma--a-I-s-t]mse hfÀ¯n. B hfÀ¶v hep-Xmbn Ign-ªv _me³ ]nff acn-¨p. kc-kzXn A½ am{X-am-bn. At¸m- tg¡pw Bsb ssIImcyw sN¿m³ BsI Nne- hm-b-Xn-m hnäp. kc-kzXn A½¡pw {]mb-ambn h¿m-Xm-bn. A§ns Ccns¡ Ah-cpsS ASp¯v Hc- ¼ - e - ¯ n DÕhw S- ¯ n- ¸ p- I mÀ ]ncn- h nv Ahsc kao-]n-¨p. ]ncnhv ÂIm-sa¶pw F¶m Fn¡v Xsâ aIs ImW-W-sa¶p ]d-ªp. ]ncn-hp-ImÀ BZyw AÛp-X-s¸-«p. ]n¶oSv AhÀ sXfn¨v Imcyw ]d- ªp. AXp-t]mse AhÀ Bsb GÀ¸mSv sNbvXv DÕ- h - ¯ nv B- s b- s Im- - p - h ¶ ]m¸m- · m- t cmSv Cu ]gb DS-a-Ø-bpsS B{Klw km[n-¡p-hm³ th- n hoSv ImWn- ¨ p- s Im- S p- ¯ p. B {]kvXp-X-hoSv ImWpIbpw kc-kzXn A½-bpsS tams F¶ hnfn-tIÄ¡p-Ibpw Xsâ ]gb DS-a-Ø-bm-sW¶v a-Ên-em-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXv sNhn-h«w ]nSn¨v Ae-dn. ]n¶oSv thKw S¶v AI¯v Ibdn B- X p- ¼ n- s Im- v as®- S p¯p Fdn- bm³ XpS-§n. Cu kabw kc-kz-Xn-b½ Itk-c-bnÂn¶pw Ing-t¡-ho-«n tKm]n hogm³ t]mbn. B-¡mÀ Bsb D]-{Z-hn-¡m³ {ian- ¨ p. F¶m kc- k z- X n- b ½ AXp- h n- e - ¡ n.kmamyw à XSnbpw Dff Chs ImWm³ à ]n¶oSv Gsd _p²n-ap-«n-bmWv AhÀ Ahs BsFiz-cy-am-Wv. XSn¨v kmamyw I-ap-ff sIm¼v, ho«n n¶pw sIm- p - t ]m- b - X v . ImcWw B¡vtN¶mkv sNdp¸w apX Xs¶ DS- a - Ø - t bmSv A{X¡v kmamyw à s]m¡- a p- - v , Imep- I Ä¡v à kvtl-am-bn-cp-¶p.of- a p- - v . sIm¼v A{X `wKn- b n- à . km[m- c - W - a - p- B-I-fpsS ]cnNc-Ww.jyÀ¡v ]ngn-¨n S-¯p-¶-Xp-t]mse B¡v ]ngn- {][m- - a mbn IÃp- s Im- - v t X- ¡ p- I . NIn- c n- sIm- p w ¶mbn Dc¨v Igp- I - W w. IÃp- s Im- v Dff¨n S- ¯ n- b - X mbn tI«n- « p- - v . CS- I m- e w- s Im- vFt´m- tISv kw`-hn-¨-Xn-m AXnsâ c£bv¡v tX¸v Bgv N - b n c- v {]mh- i y- h pw. NIn- c n- s Im- - p -]ngn-¨n S-¯n. ff tX¸v c- v Znhkw CS- h n«pw thWw. ]cn- N - c n-i¦-cw-Ip-f-§c Ip«n-Ir-jvW³ ¡p¶ Bfp- I sf {Sm³kvt]mÀ«v _Ênse à sFiz-cyhpw à _p²nbpw Dff B-bm- ss{UhÀam-sc-am-dp-¶Xp-t]mse amäm-Xn-cn-¡p-I. Ign- -bn-cp-¶p. H¯-s]m-¡-hpw, `wKn-bp-ff sIm¼pw à bp-¶Xpw à XW sImSp-¡p¶ ac-§Ä¡v XmsgsNhnbpw aäp-{]-tXy-I-X-I-fm-bn-cp-¶p. Xf-bv¡p-I. IpSn-¡p-hm³ [mcmfw ip²Pew sImSp- Ã-hm-en-d-¡-ap--m-bn-cp¶ Ch-s-]-än-sb-gp-Xp- ¡p-I.t¼mÄ {]tXyIw ]cm- a mÀin- t ¡- Hcp Imcy- a p- - v . B- I Ä¡v km[m- c - W - b mbn s]mXpth I- p - Cu B-sb-]dhqÀ _me³]n-ff t¶-Ip-«n-¡m- - - h- c m- d p- f f AkpJw Fc- - s I- « m- W v . CXnv {][m- -Im-cWw A]cn-Nn-X-amb hgn-I-fn-epsS S-¯Â icn-bmb coXn-bn tX¸v CÃm-Xn-cn-¡pI F¶n-h- bm-Wv. Cu Akp-J-¯nsâ kwibw tXm¶n-bm 3 0Bsb hgn--S-¯m-Xn-cn-¡p-I.
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 ]qc-§-fnse B-s¸-cpa s{]m^. am[-h³Ip«n B-IÄ `mc-Xob P-Po-hn-X-¯nsâ `mK-am- Ån-¸p-IÄ D-v.bn«p ]c-k-l{kw hÀj-§-fm-bn-¡m-W-Ww. alm- B- I Ä DÕ- h - § - f psS Hcp `mK- a m- b Xp`m- c - X - b p- ² - ¯ nsâ hÀ®- - I - f n B- I Ä Hcp Xs¶, ap- j ysâ kuµ- c y- t _m- [ - ¯ nsâ D¯assky hn`mKw Xs¶bmW-sÃm. aäp arK-§-fn nZÀi--am-Wv. B kuµcy t_m[-¯nsâ Zriym-n¶pw thdn«p n¡p¶ kuµcyw hnLvt-iz- hn-jvI-c-W-§-fmWv C¶v mw B-Isf Ae-¦-cn-csâ KP-ap-J-`m-hhpw Bbn-cnbv¡mw B-IÄ ap- bv¡m-p-]-tbm-Kn-¡p¶ sän-¸-«-§Ä, ap¯p-Ip-S-jyÀ¡v kvtl-`m-P--§fpw Bcm-[m ]m{X-§-fp- IÄ, sh¬Nm- a - c - § Ä, Be- h - « - § Ä, aWn- ¡ q- « -am- b - X v . ]me- I m- ] y- a pn B- I sf ]n´p- S À¶pw §Ä F¶n- h . B- I - f psS BS- b m- ` - c - W - § - f nÂIqsS - I - g nªpw nco- £ n- ¨ m- W sÃm amXwK Gähpw anI-¨Xv ½psS sIm¨p-tI-c-f-¯nse BS-imkv{Xw cNn-¨-Xv. B Ejn hcy³ Xsâ ]T--¯nv bm-`-c-W-§-f-s{X. nc-h[n hÀjs¯ nco-£-W-B-Isf hnj-b-am-¡n-bXv B Ime¯p Xs¶ B- §Ä¡pw ]co- £ - W - § Ä¡pw tijw cq]w- s Im-Ifpw ap-jycpw X½n-epÅ CS-]m-Sp-IÄ XpS-§n- Cu Ae-¦m-tcm-]m-[n-IÄ¡v ]Icw shbv¡m³ asäm-bXpsIm- p w Im«nse B- I Ä m«n- t ebv ¡ p hcp- ¶n-à Xmpw.t¼m- g p- - m - I m- h p¶ tcmK- k m- [ y- X - I fpw hn]Xv L«- tm¡-tW, ½psS ]qÀhn-I-cpsS kuµ-cy-t_m-§fpw a- Ê n I- - d n- ª - X p- s Im- - p - a m- h - W w. [w. Im«n hfÀ¶ Bsb m«n sIm- p h¶p ap- j ypw B- I fpw CS- ] - g - I p¶Xv Hcp sacp-¡n, kvtl-t¯msS hfÀ¯pI; Ahsb Nnekm[m-cW kw`-h-am-bn-«p-ÅXv s]mXpsh C´y-bn- tPmen-IÄ ]Tn-¸n-bv¡pI; Ahsb Ae-¦-cn¨v hmZy-epw, {]tXy- I n¨v tIc- f - ¯ n- e p- a m- W - s Ãm. Cu ta-f-§-tfmsS B-bn-bv¡pI þ temI¯v asä-hn-hntij ASp-¸-¯np ImcWw ½psS DÕ-h-§- sS-sb-¦nepw C¯-c-samcp {iaw S-¶-Xmbn tI«n-fm-sW¶p tXm¶p-¶p. DÕ-h-¸-d-¼p-I-fnse CS-]-g- «n-Ã. Cuiz-c-mbn k¦-ev¸n¨v t£{X-¯n {]Xn-I-ep-IÄ ap-jycpw KP-§fpw X½n-epÅ kvtl- jv T n¨ aqÀ¯nsb {]Xn- n- [ n- I - c n- b v ¡ p¶ XnS¼v_- Ô - ¯ n- n- S - b m¡n; B- I Ä ap- j ysâ‘s]äp’Ifm-bn. kz´w a¡Ä¡n-Sp¶ t]cp-IÄ Xs¶AhÀ B-IÄ¡p ÂIn; a¡-sf-t]m-se¯s¶tm¡n-h-fÀ¯p-Ibpw sNbvXp-h-¶p. a¡Ä hep-Xm- h p- ¶ Xpw {]i- k v X - c m- I p- ¶ Xpw Cjv S - s ¸- S m¯amXm- ] n- X m- ¡ - f pt- m ! AXp- t ]m- s e- ¯ s¶ XsâhfÀ¯m- - b psS JymXn- b nepw Btcm- K y- ¯ nepwhfÀ¯-Ñ-·mÀ AXoh Xmev]cyw {]I-Sn-¸n-¨p-h-¶p.DÕh thZn-IÄ Cu JymXn ]c-¯m-pÅ Ac-§p-I-fp-am-bn-¯oÀ¶p. A]qÀhw Nne DÕ-h-§Ä Hgn-¨mÂ, tIc-f-¯n s]mXpsh DÕ- h - § Ä¡pw ]qc- § Ä¡pwthe-IÄ¡p-saÃmw B-IÄ Hgn-¨p-Iq-Sm-m-hm¯Hcp `mK-am-Wv. B-sb-gp-¶-Ån-¸p-I-fmWv DÕ-h-§Ä¡v hÀ®m` ]I-cp-¶-Xv. t£{X-§-fn am{X-a-Ã, ]e {InkvXy³ ]Ån-I-fnepw apÉow tZhm-e-b-§- f nepw Ah- c psS B- d p- X n- I Ä¡v B Fgp- ¶ - Ing-t¡-ho-«n tKm]n 31
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005B- b psS inc- Ê n DbÀ¶p n¡p- t ¼mÄ, IÄ¡pw D- m - b n- c p¶p Nne A¨- S ¡ t_m[hpwDÕh Øe-s¯-¯p¶ FÃm-hÀ¡pw ]WvUn-X-þ- s]cp-am-ä-¨-«hpw aäpw.]m-ac t`Ztam [n-I-þ-Z-cn{Z t`Z-tam, aX-þ-hÀ¤-þ-hÀ® C¶v CsXms¡ ‘s]mXp-aq-ey-tim-jW ’¯nsâhyXym-k-§tfm CÃmsX X§-fpsS CjvS-tZ-hs Hgp- ¡ nÂs]«v jv S {]mb- a m- b n- s ¡m- - n - c n- b v ¡ - b m-kcq- ] - mbn ImWm³ Ign- b p- s a¶ ZoÀL- h o- £ - Wv. Db-c-¡q-Sp-X-ensâ t]cn _olm-dn n¶pwWs¯ hmgv¯m³ hm¡p-IÄ¡m-hn-Ã. DÕ-h-Ø- aäpw tIc- f - ¯ n- t ebv ¡ p sIm- p - h - c - s ¸- S p¶ B-e- s ¯- ¯ p¶ kakv X P- § fpw Cjv S - t Z- h s IÄ an¡-hbpw ½psS ap³[m-cW {]Im-c-apÅtcn ImWp-t¼mÄ Ap-`-hn-bv¡p¶ a-Êw-Xr- e£-W-§Ä DÅ-h-b-Ã. aÕ-c-¸q-c-§-fpsS B[n-Iy-]v X n- b v s ¡m¸w Xs¶, tZh- p- a mbn e`n- ¡ p¶ amWv C¯-c-¯n-epÅ B Cd-¡p-a-Xnbv¡v Imc-kmao]yw Ahsc Hcp- X cw AssZzXn `mh- ¯ n- W-am-b-sX¶v tXm¶p-¶p. CXv BXy-´n-I-ambn A]-tebv¡v bn-¡p-¶p. AI-¼-Sn-bm-bpÅ tafw Cu I-S-I-c-am-hp¶ Hcp {]h-W-X-bm-Wv. B-I-sf-¡p-`mh-¯n-te-bv¡pÅ bmK-¯np ]Ým-¯e kwKo- dn¨pw KP kuµ-cy-s¯-¡p-dn¨pw ½psS ]qÀhn-IÀX-sam-cp-¡pw, B¡w Iq«pw. ½psS DÕ- h - § - s f- ] än ImtXmSp ImXp]IÀ¶p e`n¨ IY-Ifpw Fgp-Xn-sh¨ tcJ-IfpwGsd s]cp- a - b mÀ¶ KP- § - s f- ] - ä nbpw ]d- b p- ¶ p- - v .sIm«m- c - ¯ n i¦p- ® n- b psS sFXo- l y- a m- e - b nÂXs¶ ssh¡¯v Xncp-o-e-I-WvT³ XpS-§nb ]eKP- h o- c - · msc ]änbpw A[ym- b - § Ä Xs¶- b p- -sÃm. Xe-sb-Sp-¸v, kz`m-h-ssh-in-jvSyw, ]me-I-tcm-SpÅ kvtlw, _p²n ssh`-hw, HmÀ½-i-àn, tZh-tm-SpÅ hnt[-bXzw F¶n-§s B-I-fpsS GsdKpW-§-sf-]-änbpw At±lw ap¡v hÀ®n¨v Xcp-¶p--v Ah-bnÂ. Ignª Hcp qäm- - n - nsS ½psS DÕ- h - ¸ - d -¼p-IÄ¡v lc-am-bn-cp¶ nc-h[n B-Isf ]än-bpÅ IY- I Ä C¶v ½psS ap¼n- e p- v . Ct¸mÄPohn-¨n-cn-¡p¶ Nne B-Ifpw DÕ-h-¸-d-¼p-IÄ¡vlcw ]IÀ¶v hncm- P n- b v ¡ p- ¶ p- - v . CubSp¯ ct- m aqt¶m Zi- I - § Ä ap¼p-hsc B Fgp-¶-Ån-¸p-IÄ¡v B-Isf nÝ-bn-bv¡p- t ¼mÄ B- I - f psS Db- c - t ¯- ¡ mÄ{]m[myw Iev ] n- ¨ n- c p- ¶ Xv Ah- b psS BIm- c - ` w-Knbv ¡ pw e£W bpà- X bv ¡ pw Bbn- c p- ¶ p.DbÀ¶ Xe-¡p-¶n, DbÀ¶ hmbp Ipw`w, hnSÀ¶p-b- c p¶ sIm¼p- I Ä, new- s Xm- S p¶ Xp¼n- s s¡,henb sNhn-IÄ F¶n-h-sbm-s¡-bpÅ m«m--I- Im¨mw-Ip-dn¨n tIi-h³sf-bmWv apJy-ambpw Fgp-¶-Ån-¸p-IÄ¡v ntbm-Kn-bv¡m-dp-Å-Xv. Cu m«m--IÄ an¡m-hmdpw tIcf Du«n hfÀ¯nb [mc-W-IÄ Pe tcJ-I-fm-Im-m-Wn-h-§-fn hfÀ¶hbm-bn-cp-¶p. Fgp-¶-Ån¸p Nn«- S, Cu t]m¡v XpSÀ¶m tIc-f-¯n B ]nSp-IÄ nÀ_-Ô-hp-am-bn-cp-¶p. B-Ifpw B-¡mcpw ¯hpw CÃ- s Ãm. Ignª H¶- c - q- ä m- - n - n- S - b nÂDÕ- h - § Ä `wKn- b m- ¡ p- ¶ - X n Xm´m- § - f psS BZy-ambn tIc-f-¯n-se-¯nb Ay-kw-Øm--¡m-tPmen-IÄ sN¿m³ Z¯-{i-²-cp-am-bn-cp-¶p. ImWn- c³ B sN§- à qÀ cwK- m- Y - m- W v . {iocwKw 32
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005t£{X-¯nse B-bm-bn-cp¶ cwK-m-Y³ ]n¶oSv A¡m- e ¯ B- I Ä s¶ Ipd- h m- b n- c p- ¶ p.sN§-ÃqÀ a-¡m-cp-tS-Xm-bn. ]Xn-sm-¶Sn men©v kzXth kmXzn-I-m-bn-cp¶ Cu Kpcp-hm-bq-c-¸-Zm-Db- c - a p- - m - b n- c pv cwK- m- Y ³ Gsd- ¡ mew ½psS k³ Bscbpw D]-{Z-hn-¨n-«n-Ã. CXn-sm-c-]-hm-Z-am-DÕ-h-¸-d-¼p-I-fnse XnS-¼p-hm-l-I-m-bn-cp-¶p. cwK- bp-ÅXv Hcn-¡Â Ip¶pw-Ip-fs¯ Hsc-gp-¶-Ån-¸n-m- Y sâ AØn- ] Rv P cw XrÈqÀ Imgv N _w¥m- n-S-bn Nnc-fbw Bsb `b-s¸-Sp¯n ]Xn-sm¶phnse Hcp {]ZÀi hkvXp-hm-Wn-¶v. {]hiyw t£{Xw hew sh¸n-¨-Xm-Wv. Chsâ kz`m- DÕ-h-¡-¼-¡mÀ Gsd HmÀ¡p¶ Hcm--bmWv h- ¯ nse aäp c- p {]tXy- I - X - I - f m- b n- c p¶p ]«- X m-]qapÅn tiJ-c³. Akm-am-y-amb DS ofhpw §n-sÃ-¶Xpw. Fgp-¶-Ån-¸--ÃmsX Bscbpw ]pd-aS-¡p-I-fmbn ne-¯q-¶p¶ Xp¼n-ssIbpw hoip- ¯p-I-b-dm³ Ap-h-Zn-bv¡nà F¶-Xpw. A¼-e-¸p-t¼mÄ A{Kw adp- h - i s¯ I®phsc F¯p¶ g-t£-t{Xm-Õ-h-¯n ]s¦-Sp-¡m³ t]mb ]ß-m-sNhn-Ifpw ka-Xp-en-X-amb hfª sIm¼p-Ifpw `p A¶v A¼-e-¸pg cmPmhv hoc-irw-Je ÂIp-D- m - b n- c p¶ tiJ- c ³ Db- c - ¯ n A{X tIa- m- b n- I- b p- - m - b n. AXnp apt¼m tijtam Bcpw Hcm-cp-¶n-sÃ-¦nepw Ahsâ ]pd-¯n-cn-bv¡m-pÅ kpJw bv¡pw hnc-irw-Je k½m-n-¨-Xmbn tI«n-«n-Ã.sIm- v Db- c - ¡ msc Iq«m- - I - f m¡n tiJ- c p IqSn-em-äp-]pcw cma-N-{µpw Ahsâ ]m¸m³XnS¼p ÂIp¶ coXn ½psS ]e DÕ-h-I-½n-än- tKm]m-e³ mbcpw X½n-epÅ _Ôw sFXn-lm-¡mcpw Ap- h À¯n- ¨ p h¶p. XrÈqÀ ]qc- ¯ nv kn- I - s a¶v hnti- j n- ¸ n- t ¡- - n - h - c pw. AhÀ BImcwGsd-¡mew ]md-ta-¡m-hnsâ XnS-t¼-änb tiJ-c³ sIm- p w kam- - c m- b n- c p¶p F¶p- t ]mepw ]d- b - W w.]qcw Ignªv XnS- ¼ n- d - ¡ n- b m Sbv ¡ p tscA©m-dSn ]pd-tIm«v sh¨v tcs¯ Igp-¯n-e-Wn-bn-¨n-cp¶ Xpfkn ame hen-s¨-Sp¯v Xn¶-tijw`K-h-Xnsb hW-§n-bm-Ws{X hnS-hm-§m-dv. DS-am-h-Imiw ]e-cpw-ssI-am-dn-bn-«pÅ Hcm--bm-bn-cp¶p hokqÀ tKmhn-µ³. Ah-tâ-Xp-t]mse N´-amÀ¶ sIm¼p-IÄ A¡m-e¯v aäm--IÄs¡m¶pwAh- I m- i - s ¸- S m- p- - m - b n- c p- ¶ nà t]mÂ. à ]cn- N -cWw aqew FSp-¯p-sh-¨-t]mse hfÀ¶ tKmhn-µs Hgnhm-¡m³ DÕ-h-kw-Lm-S-IÀ¡v a-Êp-h-cp-am-bn-cp-¶n-Ãm. ]e-t¸mgpw Ah³ A]-I-S-Im-cn-bm-bn- c p- s ¶- ¦ nepw. Icn- m- ¡ p- - m - b n- c p¶ tKmhn- µ pIq«m--Isf Ip¯p-¶Xv Hcp hntm-Z-am-bn-cp-¶p. Hcm- XrÈqÀ ]qcw (]m-d-ta-¡mhv Fgp-¶-Ån¸v)bpw Ggp ]m¸m-·mcpw Ahsâ kz`mh Zqjyw c- p - t ]cpw A{X- t ¯mfw XSn- ¨ p- s Im- g p- ¯ n- c p- ¶ p.aqew acW aS- ª n- « p- - v . Hcn- b v ¡  Ahs im´- ‘ CXn- t eXm B ’ F¶v NneÀ tNmZn- b v ¡ p- ¶ Xvkz-`m-hn-bm-¡m³ ckw tNÀ¯ Hcp Ijmbw ÂIn- ]m¸m³ Hcp ‘ tImw¹n- s aâ v ’ Bbn- ¯ s¶ IW-sb¶pw im´- k z- ` m- h - ¡ m- c - m- b - t XmsS ¯s¶ ¡m¡n h¶p. cma- N - { µ³ Dd- § m³In- S - ¶ mÂ]Ãq- I Ä sImgn- ª p- t ]m- s b¶pw ]d- b - s ¸- S p- ¶ p. Ahsâ ]Å-bn tXmÀ¯v hncn¨p AXn tKm]m-KXn-sI« DSa Bsb Xr¸q-Wn-¯p-d-b-¸p S-bn- e³ mbÀ InS-¶p-d-§pw. Cu ]c-kv]c hnizm-k-cp-¯n. sNmÆc Xos¸« sIm¨n cmPmhv Bsb ]cn- ¯n- t âbpw Bß- _ - Ô - ¯ n- t âbpw {]I- S w Hcpc-£n-bv¡m³ tem`-an-ÃmsX ]Ww Ap-h-Zn-s¨-¦nepw Ime¯v tIc-f-¯nse DÕ-h-¸-d-¼p-I-fnse km[m-^e- a p- - m - b nÃ; Gsd Acn- j v S n¨v tKmhn- µ ³ sNcn- cW ImgvN-bm-bn-cp-¶p.ªp. cp[nc alm-Im-fn-Im-hnse ]qcw (th-e) S-¡p- Kpcp-hm-bqÀ tIi-h³ {it²-b-m-Ip-¶-Xnp ¶-Xn-n-S-bn nb-{´Ww hn« Hcm sdbnÂ]m-f-ap¼v Kpcp-hm-bqÀ t£{Xw hI B-bm-bn-cp¶ ]ß- ¯n-se¯n ne-bp-d-¸n-¨p. Bsb ]mf-¯n n¶pm-`s kuµ-cy-¯nepw Xe-sb-Sp-¸nepw shÃm³ 33
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005amäm³ KXy-´-c-am-ÃmsX F©n³ ss{UhÀ F©n- Xncp-h-¼mSn tKmhn-µ³Ip-«n, i¦-cw-Ip-f-§c KW-n n¶pÅ Xnf¨ shÅw Noän-¨p. (A-¡m-e¯ ]-Xn, ]m¼p-ta-bv¡m«v B, s]cp-¼m-hqÀ tKm]m-Bhn F©n- p- I - f m- b n- c p- ¶ p.) B ]mf- ¯ n e³, Kpcp-hm-bqÀ e£va-W³, Ing-¡n-ho-«n Zmtam-nt¶m- S n- t ¸m- b n. c- p aq¶p Znhkw Ign- ª - t ¸mÄ Z-c³ XpS§n nc-h[n KP-ho-c-·mÀ KX-ImeDÕ-h-B ]m¸m- · msc IqSmsX ho- p w sdbnÂ]m- f - ¯ n- §-fpsS Ncn-{X-¯n Xe-bp-bÀ¯n n¡p-¶p. Hcn-tebv¡p S-¶p. s{Sbn³ hcp¶ kabw Hfn¨pn¶ B, F©n³ IS-¶p-t]m-b-tXmsS HmSn-s¨¶vt_mKn-bn Ip¯n. Hcp sIm¼nsâ Ipd¨p `mKws]m«n-t¸m-sb-¦nepw {]Xn-Imcw sNbvX kwXr-]vXn-bp- a mbn Ah³ ]m¸m- · mÀ¡v Iog- S - § n. ]- m - c - h Icma-N-{µ³ BWv Cu IY-bnse mb-I³. asämcp kuµcy [ma- a m- b n- c p- ¶ p, XnS- t ¼- ä n-bm Xe Hc-Sn-tbmfw DbÀ¯n-¸n-Sn-¨n-cp¶Inc-§m«vtIi-h³. XnS¼v Xm³ Xs¶ GäWw F¶ nÀ_-Ô- a p- - m - b n- c p¶p Ah- v . ]e- ] m- ¸ m- · m- t cbpw Ime-]p- c n- b v ¡ - b - ¨ n- « pÅ tIi- h ³ sIme Ign- ª mÂtsc Ioc- § m«p a- b v ¡ - s e¯n ‘ X¼p- c msâ ’ap¼n am¸p-km-£n-bm-Ip-am-bn-cp-¶p-h-s{X. s]«-¶p-bcw sh¨v XnS-¼p-hm-ln-bm-hp-Ibpw XrÈqÀ ]qcw ({]i-kvX-amb IpS-amäw)BI- k v a n- I - a mbn ac- W - ¯ np Iogv s ¸- t S- n hcp-Ibpw sNbvX IY-bmWv A¦-cm¯v cma-N-{µ-tâ-Xv. Xn-lmkw F¶ t]mse {]kn-²-mb Kpcp-hm-bqÀtZi-aw-Kew A¿-¸³Ip-«n, CS-t¯m«n sshZysâ tIi-h³, am[y-a-§Ä¡pw DÕ-h-¡-¼-¡mÀ¡pwB F¶n-h-bpsS IYbpw CXp-t]mse ‘£WnI Gsd {]nb-¦-c-m-bn-cp¶ Xncp-h-¼mSn N{µ-ti-J-c³PohnX’ §fp-tSXp Xs¶. F¶nh KP t{ijvT-cp-sS-bn-S-bn thdn«p tim`n- Nnd-fbw tKm]m-e³, tZi-aw-Kew tKm]m-e³, bv¡p¶ XmcI-§-fm-Wv.sIm«n-fn tKm]m-e³, hcn-bv¡m-tÈcn tKm]m-e³ Idp- ¸ n- t - ¡ mÄ shÅ- ndw sIm- v {it²- b -Ing¡n ho«n tKm]n, s]cp-¦pfw kzman A¿-cpsS cm-bn-cp¶p amS-¸-d-¼n A¿-¸³, Bim-cn-¸-d-¼nÂIrjvW³Ip«n XpS-§nb XSn¨p sImgp¯ Icn-hocÀ cmP³, ]Sp-tXmÄ i¦p, agp-h-¶qÀ thWp-tKm-]m-Hcn- b v ¡  I- m  ad- ¡ m- m- h n- à m- ¯ {X kpµc e³ XpS-§n-b-h.cq]-§-fm-bn-cp-¶p. Ah-Wm-¸-d¼v Ip©p, ]-a cma-N- { µ³, tN¶m- ¼ v , tNm- ¯ v a¶m- S n- b m- c psS B, Ahn- i z- k - o- b - s a¶p tXm¶p¶ Hcm- - ¡ YsImf- ¡ p- ¶ ¯v Ip«n- I r- j v W ³, ]- m - c - h I Ip«n- È - IqSn ]d- b - s «. h- ¯ n- - S p- ¯ pÅ sÃn- ¡ - e nSw¦- c ³, ]- m - c - h I Ip«n- ¨ n- Z w- _ - c ³, sIm¨n tZhkzw F¶ Øe¯v sI«n-bn-Sm-dpÅ Hcp ]nSn-bm--bnÂtKm]m- e ³Ip- « n, i¦- c w- I p- f - § c Ip«n- I r- j v W ³, Ap-c-à-mbn Hcp Im«p-sIm-¼³. Cu KP-Im-ap-Ip«³Ip-f-§c oe-I-WvT³, an-tÈcn cmP-tKm-]- I³ CS-bv¡nsS Xsâ t{]b-Ênsb kµÀin-¨p. Ah-e³ XpS-§nb e£-W-bp-à-cmb KP-ho-c-·m-cpsS cpsS KmÔÀh hnhm-l-¯n Hcp Ip«n-s¡m-¼³cq]hpw `mhhpw C¶pw Gsd-t¸À a-Ên Im¯p `qPm- X - m- b n. ]Xv n- t bbpw ]p{X- t bpw hnSm³kq£n-¡p-¶p. aÊp hcm¯ ‘ KP Imap-I³’ kzbw ap-jyp Iog-S-§n. m«m--bpsS N«-h-«-§Ä Ah³ ]Tn-¨p. ]menbw KwKm-[-c³, ]menbw Ip«n-Ir-jvW³, AtXmsS Fgp-¶-Ån-¸p-IÄ¡pw aäpw t]mhmpw]-a Ip«n-Ir-jvW³, hcn-¡m-tÈcn cmP-tKm-]m- XpS-§n. Hcn-bv¡Â XrÈqÀ ]qc-¯n-s-¯m³ Xte-e³, hcn-¡m-tÈcn _me-Ir-jvW³, Ipw`-tKmWw ¶mÄ sÃ-bv¡-enSw hn{i-a-k-t¦-X-¯n n¶p ]d-kzman-bm-cpsS AÀÖp-³, sImÃ-t¦mSv A¿-¸³, s¸« ‘ KP Imap-I³’ Ipd¨p Zqcw S¶p; s]s«-¶-Im¨mw-Ip-cnÈn tIi-h³, 20 J-¡m-c-m-bn-cp¶ h³ n¶p, Xncn¨p S-¸m-bn. ]m¸m-·m-cpsS hne- 34
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005¡p-IÄ tIÄ¡msX Ah³ thKw ASn-sh-¨p-o- {]uVn-tb-¡mÄ Xsâ Bbv¡v Ømw-In-«m³§n, ]Xvn-bpsS kao-]-t¯-bv¡v. Ah³ ]Xvnsb DÅ DS-a-bpsS Xmev]-cyw, B-bn n¶pÅH¶mtÇ-jn-¨p, ]p{Xs H¶p Xtem-Sn, InS-¶p, nd- hchv hÀ[n- ¸ n- b v ¡ m³ th- n DÕh kok- W nÂI- ® p- I - t fmsS ho- p w t{]b- k n- t bbpw ]p{X- t bpw aZw-]m-sSm-gn-hm-¡m³ Bsb ‘hm«n’ s I m - ptm¡n, nan- j - § Ä¡Iw A´y- i zmkw hen- S-¡Â, Xsâ nb-{´-W-¯n-epÅ Bsbbv¡bpw sNbvXp. kvtlw ap-jysâ Ip¯-I-bm- ]Tn¨v kv t l- t ¯msS sIm- p - - S - ¡ m³ Ign-sW¶p Icp-Xp-¶-hÀ Cu IY tIÄ¡-s«. hpÅ ]m¸m-·m-cpsS Ipdhv F¶n-§s KP-]-cn- kvtlm-[nIyw aqew ac-W-¯np Iogvs¸« IY- ]m-e--cw-K¯pw aqey-ti-j-W-¯nsâ then-tb-ä-bmWp ]- m - c - h I tKm]m- e - t â- X v . tKm]m- e pw e£- amWv C¶v.a-Wpw kÀ¡mÀ hI B-I-fm-bn-cp¶p; H¶n-¨m-W- F¦nepw Bsb {i²m-]qÀÆw, kpJ NnIn-Õ-hÀ hfÀ¶Xpw S-¶-Xp-sa-Ãmw. ISp¯ hym[n ]nSn- IÄ hsc ÂIn, hfÀ¯p¶ DS-a-Ø-cpw, ]p{Xs]«v e£-a-W³ bm{X-bm-bn. e£-a-Wsâ PUw nÀhn- t ijw kv t ln- ¡ p¶ ]m¸m- · mcpw Xoscsh«n- a p- d n- b v ¡ m³ Bcpw X¿m- d m- b n- à . Aev ] w CÃm-Xm-bn-«n-Ã. `wKn-bpÅ B-Isf nc¯n {]uV-AIse Ip¯nb Ipgn-bn-tebv¡v PUw sI«n hen- amb Fgp-¶-Ån-¸p-I-fn-eqsS s]cp-a-bmÀ¶ DÕ-h-s¨-¯n-¨Xv tKm]m-e-m-Wv. kl-Nm-cn-bpsS Ipgn aqSn §-fpw, DÕ-h-§-fn-eqsS s]cp-a-bmÀ¶ B-IfpwGsd-¡-gn-ªn-Ã, tKm]m-e³ t_m[-aäp hoWp acn- Ipd- s ¨ms¡ Ct¸m- g p- a p- - v . DÕ- h - s ¸- c p- a bpw KP-¨p. s¸-cp-abpw ChnsS ]c-kv]c ]qc-I-§-fm-Wv. ap¼v {][m--ambpw XrÈqÀ-þ-]m-e-¡m-Sv-þ-F-d-Wm-Ipfw FÃm Fgp-¶-Ån-¸p-I-tfbpw ]än C§s ]d-bm-am-PnÃ-I-fnse DÕ-h-§-fp-ambn _Ô-s¸-«n-«pÅ s]s«- bn-cp¶p; C¶Xv ‘ Nne Fgp-¶-Ån-¸p-IÄ’ F¶p Xnc-t¶mÀ½- b n h¶ a¬a- d ª Nne B- I sf t¯- - n - h - c p- ¶ p.. Cu ØnXn amd- W w. ap¡v ]g- b -am{Xta ChnsS ]cm-aÀin-¨n-«p-Åq. hnkvXm-c-`-b- Im- e s¯ KP- s ]cp- a bpw {]uV- a mb KP- t Lmj¯m hnh- c - W - § Ä Hgn- h m- ¡ n- b n- « p- a p- - v . Pohn- ¨ n- bm{X- I fpw Xncn¨p sIm- p - h - c - W w.cn- b v ¡ p¶ Gsd à B- I - f p- - v , tIc- f o- b cpw ]c-tZ-in-Ifpw Bbn. ]cm-Xn-Ifpw ]cn-`-h-§fpw Hgn-hm-¡m³ Ah-sb-¡p-dn¨v ]cm-aÀin-bv¡p-t¶-bn-Ã. ]g-b-Im-es¯ KP-t{i-jvTsc man-t¸mÄHmÀ¡p-¶-t]mse Ct¸m-gs¯ B-Isf hcpwXe-ap-d-IÄ HmÀ¡ptam F¶-dn-bn-Ã. sslsSIvkwkvIm-c-hp-ambn hf-cp¶ Xe-ap-dbv¡vCsXms¡ {i²n- b v ¡ m³ ka- b - a p- - m - h p- t am,Bthm! Fgp-¶-Ån¸p coXn-IÄ Xs¶ amdn-¯p-S-§n-bn-cn-bv¡p-¶p. B-bpsS `wKn-tb-¡mÄ Db-c-¯np ÂIp¶ {]m[m-yw, Fgp-¶-Ån-¸nsâ s{]m^. am[-h³Ip«n:--þ am[- h ³Ip- « n- a msj {]tXyIw ]cn- N - b - s ¸- S p- t ¯- Bh- iy-ap-s- ¶p-tXm-¶p-¶n-Ã. ]qc-§-fpsS ]qc-amb XrÈqÀ ]qc-¯nv Xncp-h-¼mSn hn`m- K-¯nsâ Np¡m³ ]nSn-¡p¶ amjv DÕh t{]an-IÄ¡v kp]-cn-Nn-X³. Beph bp. kn. tImtf-Pn KWn-X-imkv{X hn`m-K-¯n s{]m^-k-dmbn tkh--a-p-jvSn-¨n-«p- - v . Ct¸mÄ Xncp- h - ¼ mSn tZhkzw sk{I- « - d n- b pw, kmaq- l y- { ]- h À¯- - h p- s a- à m- a mbn PohnXw bn-¡p-¶p. lecjXkgä~j aìùl hgvjgíejC ùhbqèv~äfw mqbªeÎve mukjfTgk 35
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 Bsb ASp-¯-dnª Hcp ]m¸msâ Bß-K-X-§Ä `mkvIc³ mbÀ - `mkvI-c³ mbÀ:þ “shffn- s Im- v Bsb hm§p- t ¼mÄ kzÀ®w sIm- p - t hWw ]m¸ms hm§m³,” Cu sNmÃv AzÀ°-am¡pw hn[-amWv tjWmbv N{µ-ti-J-c³ F¶ Bbpw AXnsâ ]m¸m-mb `mkvIc³ mbcpw X½n-ep-ff Bß-_Ôw hf- cp-¶-Xv. o- 21 hÀj-Im-et¯ kl-hÀ¯n-¯-¯n-eq-sS-bmWv Ch-cpsS Bß-_Ôw Dcp-¯n-cn-bp-¶-Xv. `mkvI-c³ Xsâ Ap-`-h-§Ä Hcp Iq«w B t{]an-I-fp-ambn ]¦n-Sp-I-bm-Wn-hn-sS.1. B-¸-Wn-bn Kpcp-Øm-o-b³ tN«³ IrjvW³m-b-cmWv Kpcp. B¼-ÃqÀaWn-IWvT³, B¼-ÃqÀ _me-Ir-jvW³ F¶o B- -I-fn-em-bn-cp¶p XpS-¡w.2. N{µ-ti-J-c-n-te-s¡-¯n-bXv? Nµ-ti-J-c³ BZyw ]m¼m-¡p-S-bnse B-ap-X- e m- f n- b psS I¿n KwKm- [ - c - m- b n- c p- ¶ - t ¸mÄ`mkv I - c ³ Bdp hÀjw D- m - b n- c p- ¶ p. AXn- p-tijw 1 1/2 hÀjs¯ CS- t h- f - ¡ v t ijw ho- p wNµ-ti-J-c-n Ib-dn-b-t¸mgpw hen-b-_p-²n-ap-«n-ÃmsX Ahs sI«n-A-gn-¡m³ Ign-ªp. At¸m-tg¡pw Ah³ tjWmbv N{µ-ti-J-c-m-bn-cp-¶p.3. B-bpsS ocp-k-a-bs¯ ]m¸m-tm-Sp-ffs]cp-amäw ? Hen-hnv HcmgvNsb-¦nepw ap³]mbn B e£- -W-§Ä ImWn-¡p-¶p. `£-W-¯n-tmSv {]Xn-]-¯n-Ip-d-bp-¶p. DSs Xs¶ Bsb Bsfm-gnªØe¯v Xf¨v ]cn- N - c Ww XpS- § - W w. H¶mw]m¸ms Hcp-]s£ Ap-k-cn-¨nà F¶v hcpw. `mkvI-c³ mbcpw þ N{µ-ti-J-cpw “ ]pXn-b-]m-¸m³amÀ Hcm--tI-dn-bmÂt]m-cm, ]e-bm--tI-d-Ww, ]e-bm--tI-dn-bmÂt]m-cm, sIme-bm--tI-d-Ww” 36
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 4. ocv {Ian-I-cn-¡m³ Fs´-¦nepw {ia-§Ä Xe-s]m-¡pI Fgp-¶-f-fn-¸nsâ kabw A-´-ambn ? ofp- I bpw B¡v hn{i- a - a n- à m- X n- c n- ¡ p- I bpw sNbvXm A¼-e-]-d-¼n Ah³ F´pw sN¿m³ hm«n-sb-Sp-¡pI F¶ {]{In-b-bn-eqsS B- aSn-¡n-Ã. bpsS ocv kabw {Iao-I-cn-¡mw. 2þ3 amk-¡m-e- amWv Henhv o- p - n¡p- I . 9. aZy-]m-hpw B-]-Wnbpw 5. B- I Ä¡v Ahiyw th- X v ? aZy-]n-¨p-sIm-v Hcn-¡epw B-bpsS ASp¯v t]mI- c pXv . KÔw sIm- m Wv an¡ B- Ã-]m-¸m³ Xs¶-bmWv B-IÄ¡v Ahiyw I-Ifpw ]¸m-·msc Xncn-¨-dn-bp-¶-Xv. F¶m aZy- t h - L S - I w . apX- e m- f n- a mÀ km¼- ¯ n- I - e m`w ]n¨v ASp¯v sNÃp¶ ]m¸msâ KÔ- ¯ nse tm¡n {]hr- ¯ n- ] - c n- N - b - a n- à m¯ ]m¸m- · msc hyXym-khpw kz`m-h-¯nse hnIr-X-amb tNjvS- nb- a n- ¡ p- ¶ - t XmsS B- I - f psS Ijv S - I m- e hpw Ifpw B-Isf {]tIm-]n-X-cm-¡n-tb-¡mw. IpSn- XpS-§p-¶p. ¨mse Ch-bpsS ASp¯p t]mIm³ Ignbq F¶Xv 6. ]m¸m-·m-cpsS {]Xn-^ew ? XoÀ¯pw sXämb hmZ-ap-J-am-Wv. Znh-tk In«p¶ _mä-bmWv ]m¸m-·m-cpsS 10.]m¸m-·m-cpsS t£a-¯n-mbn Hcp kwL-S? {][m {]Xn-^-ew. aäp-Øn-c-i-¼fw CsÃ-¦nepw AXv Ct¸mgpw Hcp kz]v-ambn XpS-cp-¶p. CXp- s Im- v Xs¶ kmamyw à coXn- b n Imcy- Ahiyw th- H¶mWv AsX- ¦ nepw ]c- k v ] cw §Ä S-¯m³ km[n-¡pw. hnizmkw hcp¶ Ime¯v am{Xw km[yam-Ip-sa¶v BbptSbpw AXn-eqsS apX-em-fn-bp-tSbpw Icp-Xm-hp¶ Hcp kz]vw am{X-amWv AXv. kvtlhpw hnizm-khpw tSn-sb-Sp-¡m³ Ign- 11. ]pXp-Xmbn ]m¸m-·mÀ BIm³ B{K-ln-¡p¶ ªm ]m¸msâ IpSpw-_-Po-hnXw `{Z-am-bn-cn-¡p- sNdp-¸-¡mÀ¡v Fs´-¦nepw D]tZiw ? sa¶v kz´w Ap-`-h-¯n-eqsS `mkvI-c³ hnh-cn- ¡p-¶p. XnIª BßmÀ°- X bpw AÀ¸W t_m[hpw Gsd- t h- sXmgn- e m- W n- X v . ap- j y- 7. A²zm--ta-dnb tPmen-I-tfmSv B-I-fpsS tmSv CW- § n- t N- c m³ Ign- h p- f f Hcp {]tXyI {]Xn- I - c Ww? Ignhv B- I Ä¡p- v . H¸w t]Sn- ¸ n- ¡ epw AXym- bYmÀ°- ¯ n Iq¸p- ] WnItfmSmWv h- i y- a m- W v . kv t l- ¯ nsâbpw AtXm- s Sm¸w Fgp- ¶ - f - f n- ¸ n- t - ¡ mÄ B- I Ä¡v B`n- a p- J yw. Xs¶ imk--bp-sSbpw kwXp-en-X-amb `mj-bn F¶m B- I Ä bYmÀ°- k - a - b - ] - c n- [ n- b n B-tbmSv CS-]-g-In-bm {]hr-¯n-bnse hnPbw am{Xta Iq¸p- ] - W n- s b- S p- ¡ q. AXnv tijhpw kpn--Ýn-X-am-Wv. ]s£ Ht¶mÀ¡pI Hcm--tI-dn- Ah- s - s Im- v AXv sN¿n- ¡ m³ {ian- ¨ m Ah³ bm t]mcm ]e- b m- - t I- d - W w, ]e- b m- - t I- d n- bmÂt]m-cm sIme-bm--tI-d-Ww. Hcp-]s£ {Ip²-m-tb-¡pw. AsX ASn- Ø m]c- a mbn B- ¸ - W n¡v 8. Fgp¶-f-fn-¸p-I-fpsS _p²n-ap«v? th- X v Bß- h n- i zm- k hpw ss[cyhpw Xs¶- b m- A¼-e-I-½n-än-¡m-cpw BapX-em-f n-amcpw Wv. IqsS ssZhm-p-{K-l-hpw. X½n- e p- f f [mcW ]niIv sIm- m Wv {]iv - § Ä shf- f n- s Im- p Bsb taSn- ¡ p- t ¼mÄ kzÀ®w sIm- p ]m¸ms taSn- ¡ - W w. 37
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005B-IÄ B{I-an-I-fm-Ip¶ kml-N-cy-§Ä tUm. sI. kn. ]Wn-¡À hm-´-c-§-fn Iq«p-Im-cp-ambn BÀ¯p-Ã- ]-{Z- h n- b m- s W- ¦ nepw XpSsc XpS- s c- b p- f - f Xpw o- -kn¨p Ign-ªn-cp¶ B-Isf ap-jy³ NXn-{]- Xp-amb Fgp-s¶-f-fn-¸p-IÄ B-IÄ¡p CjvS-an-Ã.tbm-K-¯n-eq-sS-bmWv ]nSn-¡p-¶Xv XpSÀ¶p B DÕ-h-]-d-¼p-I-fn n¶pw c£-s¸« ]m¸m-·m-]´n- b n C«p N«- a - S n- ¨ p- s a- c p- ¡ n- F - S p¯p Hcp scbpw aäpw HmSn¨p mi jvS-§Ä sN¿pIhfÀ¯p arK-ambn t]mäp-¶p. ap-jy-cp-ambn CW- km[m-c-W-a-Ã. AXp-t]m-se-Xs¶ ac-¸-Wn-bpw IqSp-§nbpw ]nW-§nbpw Hs¯m-cp-an¨p Pohn-¡p¶ X `mcw hen-¸n¡epw IqSp-X kabw ]Wn-bn-B-IÄ¡p P·-kn-²-amb hy Pohn-kz-`mhw ¸n-¡epw Nne B-IÄ CjvS-s¸-Sm-dn-Ã. ]Wn-bp-¶D-mhpw. ]m¸msâ Imc-t¡m-en-sâbpw hen-b-tIm- B-IÄ¡pw h¡-sI-«p-Im-c-tm-Sm-bn-cn¡pw IqSp-en-sâbpw tXm«n-bp-sSbpw {]tbm-K-¯nÂn¶v D-m- X tZjyw. AXp-aà Nne B-IÄ¡p Nne Nn«-Ip¶ thZ- - s Im- - m Wv AXp BÚm- h m- ¡ p- I Ä Ifpw D- m - b n- c n¡pw ]Wn nÀ¯n- b - X n- p- t ijwAp- k - c n- ¡ p- ¶ Xv . Hc- f - t hmfw kv t l{]IS- - ho- p w ]Wn- b p- ¶ - X np ntbm- K n- ¨ m Ah {Ip²-¯npw Ã-hm-¡p-IÄ¡pw B-IÄ hgn-s¸-Sp-¶p. cmbn ]m¸m-sbpw DS-a-Ø-tbpw HmSn¨p Ip¯n-à _´hÊpw Hcp D]m-[n-bm-Wv. sIm¶ kw`- h - § Ä D- m - b n- « p- - v . Xsâ B¡p IqSp- X  Xe- s ¸m- ¡ - a p- s - ¶ v ImWn- ¡ p- ¶ - X n- mbnB-I-fpsS hyXy-kvX-kz-`mhw BWn- X - d ¨ Imc- t ¡m- e p- s Im- v XmSo¡p- I p¯n BIr-Xn-t]mse Xs¶ {]Ir-Xn-bnepw B-IÄ s]m´n-¡p¶ Hcp {]h-WX ]e DÕh ]d-¼nepw]e Xc-¯n-em-Wv. Ah-bpsS kz`mhw a-Ên-em¡n ImWm- d p- - v . B- I Ä hnd- f n- ] n- S n¨p A{I- a m- k - à -s]cp-am-dp-¶-h-mWv sÃmcp ]m¸m³. Bbpw cm- h m- d p- v C¯- c p- W - ¯ nÂ.]m¸mpw Bbn-«p-ff ]c-kv]c hnizm-k-amWv th-- m«n {]k-hn¨ B-IÄ IqSp-X A]-I-S-Im-cn-IÄXv . Hmt¶m ct- m amk- § Ä sIm- v ]c- k v ] - c - h n- m«n Pn¨p hfÀ¶ B-IÄ IqSp-X A]-izmkw BÀÖn-¡p-hm³ {]bm-k-am-Wv. AXnp I- S - I m- c n- I - f m- s W¶v ]d- b - s ¸- S p- ¶ p. ]´n- b nÂIpd-¨p-m-fp-IÄ Xs¶ FSp-¡pw. ]mc-¼cy ]cn-io- nÀ¯n ]cn-io-e-hpw N«-h-«-§fpw ÂIm-¯-Xp-ew e`n¨ ]m¸m-·mÀ IqSp-X Ign-hp-f-f-h-cm-Wv. sIm- - m Wv Ah C¯- c - ¯ n Bhp- ¶ - X - t {X. ap-nÀ`m-Ky-sa¶p ]d-bs« A¯-c-¯n-ep-f-f-h-cpsS jy- t cmSp `bw D- m - h p- I - b n- à . AXp- I m- c Ww Ap-F®w Xptemw Ipd-hm-Wv. B-sb-¸än H¶pw Xs¶ k- c - W - I p- d hp km[m- c W {]ISn¸n¡mdp- - v . ]WnAdn-bm-¯-h-cmWv C¶s¯ ]m¸m-·mÀ. Hcp Imc- sN¿p-t¼mÄ Ap-k-c-W-an-ÃmsX ]m¸msâ hm¡p-t¡mep I£-¯nÂsh¨p B-bpsS ]n¶n-eqsS S- IÄ Ah-K-Wn¨p ]pd¯p Ccn-¡p¶ ]m¸ms¶m ]m¸m-mbn F¶mWv an¡-h-cp-tSbpw [mc- IpSªp CSpI Akm-[m-c-W-a-Ã. DSs Ip¯p-¶-W. A¯-c-¯n-ep-f-f-h-sc-bmWv B-IÄ hI-h-cp- Xnp {ian¨p-sh¶p-h-cpw. Nne-t¸mÄ Xmsg hoW¯p-¶Xv. km[m-cW B H¶mw ]m¸m-s-bmWv ]m¸m³ Dcp- p c£- s ¸- s «- ¶ p- h - c pw. AsÃ- ¦ nÂIqSp-X-embn Ap-k-cn-¡p-I. ]cn-Nb k¼-¶-c- Poh-lmn kw`-hn-¡mw. XpSÀ¨-bmbn 15 ]m¸m-·mscÃm¯ aäp-f-f-hÀ bn-¡m³ sN¶m B {Iq²- C¯-c¯n sIm¶ Hcp B-bmWv AIv_À. `mKy- -mbn Ahsc HmSn¨p amc-I-amb ]cn¡p G¸n- h-im Hcp amkw ap¼v AXv ae-bn n¶p hoWp¡p- I - t bm, Nne- t ¸mÄ sImÃp- I tbm sN¿m- d p- - v . sNcn-ªp.o- Fgp- s ¶- f - f n¸pw ]Wnbpw ]oVw ]e-hn-[-¯n kzXsh B-IÄ Fgp-s¶-f-fn-¸p-I-fn ncp- B-bpsS ico- c-¯n 107 aÀ½ Øm-§Ä 38
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 Ds- ¶ p ]d- b - s ¸- S p- ¶ p. AXn 30 Øm- § Ä hoÀ¡pIbpw AXn n¶pw aZ-Pew Hgp-Ip-Ibpw A]- I - S - I - c - a m- W - t {X. AhnsS Bbp- [ - § Ä sN¿pw ]m¸m-·mÀ ]d-bp-¶Xp Ap-k-cn-¡p-I-bn- sIm- p AaÀ¯n- b mtem Ip¯n- b mtem Fdn- Ã. A{I-am-k-à-cmbn Ahsc HmSn¨p D]-{Z-hn-¡pw. ªmtem amcI ^e- § Ä D- m - I pw. Nne- t ¸mÄ sI«n- b n« B- b m- s W- ¦ n Nne- t ¸mÄ N§e B sNcn-bp-¶-Xnp Xs¶ CXv Imc-W-am-Ipw. hen¨p s]m«n-¡pw. Cu AhØ ]m¸mpw DS-a- F¶m C¯- c - ¯ n- e p- f f aÀ½ Øm- § Ä Øpw ap³Iq«n a-Ên-em-¡m-hp-¶-Xm-Wv. aZm- thÀXn-c¨v Adn-bp¶ ]m¸m-·mÀ hfsc ZpÀÃ-`-am- cw- ` - ¯ n Xs¶ B- b psS S- b n- e pw, Aa- c - Wv . AXnsâ ^e- a mbn B nc- h [n ]oV- - ¯nepw N§-e-bn«p _´-hÊp sNbvXp-sI-«-Ww. §Ä¡p hnt[- b - a m- I p- ¶ p. C¯- c - ¯ n- e p- f - f h F¶m kzmÀ°-tem-]n-I-fmb ]m¸m-·mcpw DS- hfsc thK- ¯ n A{I- a m- k - à - c mbn Pohpw a- Ø cpw aZmcw`¯n Bsb _´- h - Ê p- s N- kz¯npw miw hcp- ¯ pI km[m- c - W - b m- W v . ¿msX Fgp- s ¶- Å n- ¸ ntm ]Wnt¡m sIm- p - t ]m- Nne- t ¸mÄ ]m¸msâ Am- h - i y- a mb Gdp- s Im- p hpI km[m-c-W-bm-Wv. Cu Ah-k-c-¯n nb- N§e s]m«n¨p HmSn S¶p mi--jvS-§Ä hnX- {´Ww hnSp¶ B-IÄ ac-§Ä Ip¯n adn-¡p- ¡p-¶p. Itbm hml--§Ä in-¸n-¡p-Itbm ]m¸ms Ip¯n aeÀ¯n PUw hnIr-X-am¡n hen-s¨-dn-bp- aZ-¯n A{I-am-kvà-cm-Ip-¶p. Itbm sN¿p-¶p. aZw Ã-h®w Hen¨p t]mIp- {]mb- ] qÀ¯n- b mb BWm- - I - f n sImÃ- ¶- X np ap¼p _´- h - Ê n n¶p Agn¨p sIm- p ¯n Hcn- ¡  D- m - I p¶ Hcp imco- c nI {]{In- S-¡p¶ B-Ifpw C¯-c-¯n A{I-am-k-à- b-bmWv aZw. Hcp amkw apX aq¶p amkw hsc cm-Im-dp--v. hml--§Ä Ip¯n adn-¡p-I, o-p n¡p-¶p. aZ-Im-e¯p aZ-{K-n[n ]m¸ms Ipep¡n Xmsg CSp-I, amc-I-ambn Ip¯n- sIm-¶v, PUw Zqsc hen-s¨-dnªv mi--jvS-§Ä D- m - ¡ p¶ B- I fpw ZpÀe- ` - a - à . aZ-Im-e¯p {]Xn-Im-c-hm© IqSn B-I-fn ImWp-¶p Ip¯n-sIm¶v PUw hnIr-X-am-¡p-Itbm AXnp Imh n¡p-Itbm sN¿m-dp--v. ab-¡p- shSn sh¨p Xf-¨Xnp tijsa arX-tZlw FSp¯p - amäp-¶-Xnp Ap-h-Zn-¡m-dp-Åp. {]h-N-m-Xo-X-amb kz`mhw Hcn-¡epw Bsb hniz-kn-¡m³ {]bm-k-am- Wv. AXnsâ kz`mhw ap¶-dn-bn-¸n-ÃmsX GXp-k-a- b¯pw amdpw. Hcn- ¡  c- v B- I sf ]Ån tÀ¨¡v Fgp-s¶-Ån¨p nÀ¯n-bt¸mÄ Hcm asä - 39
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 kµÀ`-§-fn Xncnªp HmSn A]-I-S-§Ä¡v hgn- sbm-cp¡n. c-p kµÀ`-§-fnepw B¡p icn-bmb _´- h Êp D- m - b n- c p- ¶ n- à . AXn- m Ahbv ¡ p hf-sc-th-K-¯n HmSm³ km[n-¨p. ]n³Xn-cnªp HmSnb nÀ`m- K y- h m- mb tUmIv S À B- b psS ap¶nÂho-Wp. At±-ls¯ amc-I-ambn Ip¯n ]cn- t¡Â¸n-¨p. XpSÀ¶p Bip-]-{Xn-bn F¯n-¨p-sh- ¦nepw tUmIvSÀ acn-¨p.B- b psS ]m¸ms bmsXmcp Xc- ¯ n- e pÅ kw`hw CXp AXn Zmcp-W-amb Hcp kw`hw{]tIm-]--an-ÃmsX ]nSn¨p AXnsâ ap¶n-te¡vhen- ¨ n- g ¨pw Nhp- « nbpw Ip¯nbpw sIm¶p. c- m -- I - f psS ]pd¯pw [mcmfw Bfp- I Ä D- m - b n- c p-¶p. PUw Hcp Øe¯p C«p ho- p w ]cm- { I- a -§Ä Im«n XpS§n ]pd¯p Ccp-¶-hÀ NmSn c£-s¸-«p. HcmÄ apI-fn n¶v NmSn ]cn-¡p-I-tfmsSc£-s¸-«p.ab-¡p-sh-Sn-sb-¯p-SÀ¶v ]n¶m¡w ]mb ab-¡p-sh-Sn-¡p-hn-t[-b-amb B-IÄ km[m-cW apt¶m«p ]mªp HmSpw. F¶m c-v A]qÀÆ tUm. sI. kn. ]Wn-¡À :þ KP-]-cn-]m-e taJ-e-bn AXn-{]-i-kvX³, B-t{]- an-IÄ¡v kp]-cn-Nn-X³, Cu taJ-e-bn Xn-¡pÅ Úmw aäp-Å-hÀ¡v am[y-a- §-fn-eqsS ]IÀ¶p sImSp-¡p-¶-Xn Ft¸mgpw Xmev]cyw ImWn-¡p¶ hyàn. B-I-sf-¡p-dn¨v nc-h[n sSen-hn-j³ ]cn-]m-Sn-IÄ Ah-X-cn-¸n-¨n-«p--v. {XnÈqÀ kztZ- in. (Ph : 0487-2425035 ) 40
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 B þ apjy a-Ên Xnf-§p¶ AÛpXw t]cm-aw-Kew hniz-mYv “A ” XpS- § p¶ Hcp hm¡v ]d- b m³ ]d- bmbn IW-¡m-¡n-bn-cp-¶p. B-bpÅ Xd-hmSv ªm gvkdn Ip«n-]-dbpw A½. “B” XpS-§p¶ sFiz-cy-¯n-tâbpw apX-em-fn¯ aln-a-bp-tSbpw Hcp hm¡p ]d- b m³ ]d- ª m Ip«n ]dbpw {]Xo- I - a mbn tIc- f o- b À ]pcm- X - - I mew apX B. A½ kvtl-¯n-tâbpw B AÛp-X-¯n- IcpXn t]m¶n-cp-¶p. ½psS ^yqU kap-Zmb tâbpw {]Xo-I-§-fmWv Cfw a-Êp-I-fnÂ. F{X {Ia- ¯ n sFiz- c y- ¯ n- t âbpw B`n- P m- X y- ¯ n- I- m epw aXn hcm¯ Hcp atm- l c Pohn- b mWv tâbpw apJap{Z ]e-t¸mgpw B-bp-ambn _Ô- B. AXnsâ AwK-{]-Xyw-K-§-fpsS AgIv Bkz- s¸-«-Xm-Wv. B-s¡m-«nepw B-hm-Xnepw C¶p Zn- ¡ p- I bpw tNjvS- I Ä I- m - - µ n- ¡ p- I bpw mam-h-ti-j-am-sb-¦nepw Hcp Ime¯v ½psS sN¿p- ¶ - X n {]mb hyXym- k - § - f n- à . tIc- f o- bÀ¡v B Fs¶¶pw Hc-ÛpX Pohn-X-s¶. AXp- sIm- p Xs¶ B ½psS kwØm arK- h p- am-Wv. 1975 v ap¼v (C-¶s¯ Sn. hn. bpK-¯nv ap¼v) hnamw ]d-¡p¶ i_vZw tI«m ss{]adn Ip«n- I Ä apI- f n- t e¡pw B- N - § e Inep¡w tI«m B hcp- ¶ - X p- h sc then- b - c n- I n Im¯p nev¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶ ]Xnhv Ip«n-IÄ Hcp IÀ¯-hy-ambn Xs¶ sNbvXpt]m¶n-cp-¶p. Bbpw ap- j y- p- a mbn«pÅ _Ô- ¯ nv Ncn- { Xm- X oX Imew apX¡p- X s¶ ]g- ¡ - a p- - v . KP- a p- J - mb KW- ] Xn lnµp- ¡ - f psS Bcm- [maqÀ¯n- b m- W v . AXnsâ ASn- Ø m- - ¯ n B-IÄ¡v ZnhyXzw ssIh-¶p. C{µ-hm-l--amb sFcm-hXw F¶ shÅ-bm-sb IqSn Adn-ª- t¸mÄ B Znhy-Xz-¯nv _e-ta-dn. ap- j ysâ Bbp- Ê mb 120 hb- Ê p- X - s ¶- bmWv B- b p- t Sbpw Bbp- Ê v . ]- p Nne B- IÄ¡v PmXIwt]mepw Fgp-Xn-bn-«p-s-¶v i¦-cw-Ip-f-§c KW]Xn ]dªp tIÄ¡p-¶p. ap-jypw mbbpw Ign- ªm HmÀ½-iàn IqSnb Pohn B-bm-sW- Pohn- X - ¯ nsâ Kmw`o- c y- § - f m- b n- c p- ¶ p- s h¶v ¶mWv imkv { X- n- K - a - w. ]- v HcmÄ Hcm- sb Ncn{Xw hmbn-¨m Adn-bm-hp-¶-Xm-Wv. hm§n- ¨ m sam¯w AsXmcp Xd- h m- « p- a - l n- a - tIc- f - ¯ n B- I - f n- à m¯ DÕ- h - § Ä 41
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005Csöp Xs¶ ]d-bmw. Hcm-¡v qdn IqSp-X mS³ arK- a p- v þ t]m¯v ! ]cm- { I- a w- I m- W n¨v HmSnB-¡-¼-¡mcpw an¶n-Xn-f-§p¶ sän-¸-«hpw sI«n t]mIp¶ B-bpsS ap¼n Hcp t]m¯v HmSn hcp-cq]-`w-Kn-tb-dnb tImehpw hÀ®-a-tm-lm-cn-X-bn ¶- X mbn I- m  B XncntªmSn Hfn- ¨ n- c n- ¡ p- ¶ Xv{]tXyIw nÀ½n¨ IpSbpw sh¬Nm-a-chpw Be-h- Hcp AÛpX {]Xo- X n- b mbn IW- ¡ m- t ¡- - n - b n- c n- ¡ p-«hpw t]dn nev¡p¶ KP-ho-c³ Hcp BIÀjI Pohn-bm-sW¶v ]d-ªm BÀ¡pw ntj-[n-¡m³ Ign-bp-sa¶p tXm¶p-¶n-Ã. DÕ-h§fn C¯-c¯n-epÅ - - -KP-ho-c³am-cpsS Hcp nc-X-s¶-bm-Ip-t¼mÄ a-Ênpw I®npw Hcp-t]mse a[p-c-aq-dp¶ {]Xo-Xn.hmZy-ta-f-§-fpsS Xmf-e-b-¯n--p-k-cn¨v B ap¶n-tem«pw ]n¶n-tem«pw sNhn-I-fm«n nev¡p¶ ImgvNtNtXm-l-c-am-Wv. CXv ImWp-t¼mÄ B Hcp Iem-kzm-Z-I-sà F¶p tXm¶n-t]mIpw! Xe-sb-Sp¸pw Db-chpw IqSnb e£-W-sam¯ Bsb tIme-hp-taänS-p¡p-nÀ¯n-bn-cn-¡p¶ ImgvN {]uVnbpw Kmw`o-cyw hnfn-¨-dn-bn-¡p¶ H¶m-Wv. CXv I-v Blvfm-Z-¯n-anÀ¸n Bcm-[-I-cpsS Bc-h-§Ä DÕ-h-]-d-¼nse BIÀj-Wn-b-Xbv ¡v H¶p-IqSn amäp-Iq-«p-¶p. tZhm- k pc bp²- ¯ n B [oc- t ]m- c m- f n- I -fpsS hml--am-bn-cp-¶p. alm-`m-c-X-bp-²-¯n 3e£w B- I Ä ]s¦- S p- ¯ - X mbn ]d- b p- ¶ p.AP´m inev]-I-e-bn bp²-¡-f-¯nse B-I-fpsS ]cm- { I- a - § Ä Bte- J w sNbv X - X mbnImWmw. B hml--sa¶ coXn-bn IÀ¯hywsN¿p- t ¼mÄ Xs¶ FXn- c m- f n- I sf Ip¯n- a -eÀ¯mpw aSn-¡m-dn-Ã. ]g-b-¡m-e¯v bp²kma-{K-n-IÄ hen¨p o¡p-¶-Xnpw B-Isf D]-tbm-Kn-¨n-cp-¶-Xmbn ImWmw. sX¨n-t¡m«v Imhv cma-N-{µ³ B-IÄ Hgn-¨p-Iq-Sm³ ]äm¯ asämcp thZn- ¶p. t£{X apä- ¯ npw t£{X- { io- t Im- h n- e npwbmWv kÀ¡kv IqSm-cw. dn§v amÌ-dpsS BÚ- ZnhyXzw Iev ] n- ¸ n- ¡ p¶ DÕ- h m- t Lm- j - § - f nÂs¡m¯v A`ym- k - § Ä {]ZÀin- ¸ n- ¡ m³ B- B F¶ AÛpX Pohn Znhy- k v ] Ài- t ¯msStbmfw anIhv asämcp arK- ¯ npw D- m - b n- c n- ¡ p- Fs¶¶pw in-¡msX hnf-§s«!sa¶v tXm¶p-¶n-Ã. CsXm-s¡-bm-sW-¦nepw B `b-¡p¶ Hcp t]cm-aw-Kew hniz-mYv þ tIcfm Kh¬saânsâ Iogn-epÅ C¡-tWm-anIvkv & Ìmän-ÌnIvkv Un¸mÀ«vsaân Ìmän-Ìn-¡Â C³kvs]-IvSÀ Bbn tPmen-tm-¡p- ¶p. IqSmsX sX¨n-t¡m-«vImhv tZh-kz-¯nsâ sk{I-«dn IqSn-bm-Wv. (Ph : 0487-2307666) 42
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 B kwc-£-Whpw ]cn-]m-e-hpw A-dn-b-s¸« arK-§-fn FÃm AÀ°-¯nepw hÀjhpw AtX-Im-e¯v Xs¶-bm-bn-cn¡pw aZw Hcp AXn-Im-b-I-mWv B. Cu kXyw ]s£ s]m«p-I. aZ-Pew akvXn-jvI-¯n Df-hm-¡p¶ Bbv¡v AÚm-X-am-Wv. B F¶m A-izcw Incp-In-cp-¸pw, aZ-Pe¯nsâ cq£-amb KÔ-hp-amWv - - F¶À°w. C`w F¶v thsdmcp AÀ°w IqSn-bp- Bsb hndf-n-]n-Sn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xv. Ft¸mgpw hm-´-c- - v . ‘ C`w’ F¶m Im´-i-àn-bp-ÅXv F¶m-Wv. §-sf-¸än HmÀ¡pI F¶Xv B-bpsS kz`m-h-am- Bsb I- m  F{X Ac- k n- I - m- b mepw Aev ] - Wv. Cu hyY aZ-an-f-Inb Ime¯v A[n-I-am-bn-cn- tcw tm¡n n¶p t]mIpw. ]me-Im]yw AYhm ¡pw. AXn-Im-b-I-m-sW-¦nepw B hfsc kwi- lkvXym-bpÀthZw amXw-K-eoe AsÃ-¦n B- bm- e p- h m- W v . B- s b- t ]mse KÔw sIm- v Bfp- ¸mhv F¶o 2 {KÙ-§-fmWv B-Isf kw_-Ôn- Isf Xncn-¨-dn-bp¶ thsdmcp arK-an-Ã. Xsâ ASp- ¨n-S-t¯mfw {]mam-Wn-I-amb imkv{X IrXn-IÄ. t¯¡v hcp-¶Xv kz´w B-¡m-ctm, DS-aØtm - - AsÃ-¦n aäm-sc-¦nepw BtWm F¶v Bbv¡v Ffp¸w Xncn-¨-dn-bp-hm³ km[n-¡pw. B-I-fpsS `£W coXn hfsc {i²n-t¡- H¶m-Wv. F{X hni- ¶n-cn-¡p¶ ka-b-am-bmepw ]«-IÄ Xp¼n ssI sIm- v ]Xps¡ FSp- ¯ v , Imep- s Im- v Nhn- « n, Hmebpw X- p w thÀXn- c n- ¨ v , s]mSnbpw sNfnbpw If-ªv, hoinbpw B«nbpw ]Xps¡ hr¯n-bm¡n `£n-¡p-¶p. B-Isf kwc-£n-¡p-t¼mgpw ]cn-]m-en-¡p- t¼mgpw hf- s c- b - [ nIw Imcy- § Ä {i²n- t ¡- - X v An-hm-cy-am-Wv. Bsb ]cn-]m-en-¡p-t¼mÄ ]m¸m- ·mÀ hfsc Pm{K-X-bm-bn-cn-¡-Ww. `mc-X-¯nÂ, amXw-K-eoe {]Imcw B-I-fpsS s]cp-am-äs¯ {]tXy-In¨v tIc-f¯n B-IfpsS Ømw hfsc - - Bkv]-Z-am¡n F«mbn Xcw-Xn-cn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. tZh- hep-Xm-Wv. KW-]Xn `K-hmsâ {]Xn-cq-]-am-bn-«mWv ·mÀ, Zmh-·mÀ, KÔÀh³amÀ, b£-·mÀ, cm£- B-Isf P§Ä ImWp-¶-Xv. ]e-Ø-e-§-fnepw k-·mÀ, ap-jy-·mÀ, ]nim-Np-¡Ä, Dc-K-§Ä F¶n- B-Isf ]qPn-¡pI ]Xn-hp--v. tIc-f-¯n {][m- h- b m- W - h . B- I Ä¡v Ft¸mgpw DĨq- S mWv . -ambpw Fgp-¶-Ån-¸pIÄ¡pw XSn-]n-Sn-¡p-¶-Xn-p- shÅw t]mse Bbv¡v {]nb-s¸« asäm-¶p-an-Ã. amWv B- I sf D]- t bm- K n- ¡ p- ¶ - X v . ]- p Ime¯v BsI 12 AwK-§-fmWv B-bv¡p-Å-Xv. Km{Xw, {][m--ambpw ¼q-Xn-cn-am-cpsS aIfn-emWv B- D¯-amw-Kw, b--§Ä, apJw, sNhn, IWvTw, h£- IÄ hfÀ¶n-cp-¶Xv F¦n Ct¸mÄ IqSp-X-embn Êv , sIm¼p- I Ä, IW, Xp¼n- s s¡, Imep- I Ä, kzImcy apX-em-fn-am-cpsS A[o--X-bn-em-Wv. a-I- icocw F¶n-h-bm-W-h. Ch-bn Hmtcm AwKhpw fnse PohnXw BÀ`m-S-]qÀ®-am-bn-cp-¶p-sh-¦nÂ, ico-c-¯nsâ hep-¸-¯n--p-k-cn-¨m-bn-cn-¡-Ww. C¶v ]W-s¡m-Xn-b-·m-cmb kzImcy apX-em-fn-am- Hmtcm Ah-b-h-¯npw 10 sImÃs¯ Bbp-Êm-Wv. cpsS Iogn-epÅ PohnXw Ah-K-W-bpw ]oV-- A§s sam¯w 120 hb-Êv. §fpw nd-ª-Xm-Wv. kz´w kzmÀ° XmXv]-cy-¯n- B-bpsS aZ-¸m-Sp-Imew hk-´-¯nÂ, hÀj- p-th-n FÃp apdnsb ]Wn FSp-¸n-¡p-Ibpw, Bh- ¯n AYhm inin-c-¯n-em-bn-cn-¡pw. BZy-ambn iy-¯nv `£Ww sImSp-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶ aZw s]m«n- b Xv GXp Ime- ¯ mtWm ASp¯ DS- a - Ø - · m- c p- a p- - v . Ah- k mw Bsb sIm- p Å 43
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005D]-tbmKw Xocp-t¼mÄ C³jp-d³kv XpI-bv¡p- tIc-f-¯n B-IÄ¡v hfsc {]m[mywth- n Ahs Acpw- s Ime sNbv X kw`hw hsc Ds- ¶ v tcs¯ ]d- ª p- h - s Ãm. e£- W - s am¯tIc- f - ¯ n- e p- - m - b n- « p- - v . mS-m--IÄ tIc-f-¯n {]tXyI Ømw Xs¶- tIc-f-¯n-te¡v {][m--ambpw B-IÄ hcp- bm-Wp-Å-Xv. C¶v à e£-W-sam¯ KP hoc-·mÀ¶Xv _olmÀ, IÀ®m-S-I, Bkma F¶o kwØm- hfsc ZpÀe- ` - a m- s W- ¦ n- e pw, ]- p Ime¯v Ch-§-fn n¶m-Wv. CXn _olm-dnse tkm¬ hfsc kpe-`-am-bn-cp-¶p. ]qapÅn tiJ-c³, Incm-]qdn n¶p-amWv Gä-hp-a-[nIw B-IÄ hcp-¶- §m«v tIi-h³, IqS-em-äp-]pdw cma-N-{µ³, Im¨mw-Xv. _p² ]qÀ®n-a-tbm-S-p-_-Ôn¨p S-¡p¶ KP- Ip-dn¨n tIi-h³, tZi-aw-Kew A¿-¸³Ip-«n, Ing-taf hfsc {]kn²-am-Wv. B-Isf hm§p-t¼mÄ t¡-ho-«n tKm]n Ch-sbÃmw tIcfw I- Gähpwhfsc Ap- ` h Úmhpw IqÀ½ _p²n- b p- a p- - m - à e£-W-sam¯ KP-ho-c-·m-cm-Wv. amXw-K-eo-e-bn-cn-¡-Ww. B-bpsS kz`mhw, AwK sshI-ey- bn B-IÄ¡v {][m--ambpw njvIÀjn-¨n-«pŧÄ, aZ-¸m-Sp-Im-ew, hb-Êv, BtcmKyw F¶n-h-sb- e£-W§Ä Ch-sbm-s¡-bm-Wv. -Ip- d n¨v à [mc- W - b p- - m - b n- c n- ¡ - W w. Bsbhm§p-t¼mÄ {][m--ambpw {i²n-t¡--Xv Ch-sb-Ãm-amWv:þ1. ImgvN:- Bbv ¡ v c- p I®npw Imgv N - i - à n- b p- s - ¶ v Dd-¸p-h-cp-¯-Ww. CXv Bsb Ccphi-§-fn n¶pw kao-]n-¨m a-Ên-em-¡p-hm³ km[n- ¡pw.2. BtcmKyw: à Btcm-Ky-apÅ B-IÄ nc-´cw sNhn-bm- «p-I-bpw, hmen-«-Sn-¡p-Ibpw Nen-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p- ¶Xv ImWmw. F¶m BtcmKyw Ipdª B- IÄ nÝ-e-ambn n¡p-¶Xv ImWmw.3. `£Ww: Btcm- K y- a pÅ B- I Ä Znhkw apgp- h pw `£Ww Ign¨p sIm- n - c n- ¡ pw.4. B-bpsS Imep-IÄ¡v apS-´nà F¶v Dd-¸p-h- cp-t¯--Xv AXym-h-iy-am-Wv. CXn-mbn Bsb mep hi-§-fn-te¡pw S-¯p-¶Xv ÃXm-bn-cn- ¡pw. Bbv¡v InS-¡p-hmpw Ccn-¡p-hmpw _p²n-ap-«nà F¶pw Dd-¸m-¡-Ww.5. B-bpsS sIm¼p-IÄ bYmÀ°-am-sW-¶pw, Ahbv¡v bmsXmcp tISp-]mSpw kw`-hn-¨n-«nà F¶v {i²n-¡-Ww.6. B- b psS kz`m- h s¯ Ipdn¨v [mc- W - b p- - m - b n- 1. hosW-Sp¯v AI¶ sIm¼p-IÄ cn-¡-Ww. ]m¸msâ km¶n-[y-¯nepw AÃm-¯- 2. DbÀ¶ Xe-¡p¶n t¸mfpw B-bpsS s]cp-amäw ho£n-¡-Ww. 3. sXdn-¨ hm-bpIpw`w7. Icn-m-¡pÅ B-Isf hm§n-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-hm³ 4. hncn-hpÅ akvXIw {]tXyIw {i²n-¡-Ww. 5. tXnsâ nd-apÅ I®p-IÄ 44
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 6. XqWp- t ]mse hepXpw tsc- b p- a pÅ Imep- {i²n-¡-Ww. IÄ 4. Hcm--bpsS ap¼nÂIqSn asäm-cm-sb S¯n 7. 20 AYhm 18 J-§Ä sIm- p t]mIp- t ¼mÄ B B- b psS ]m¸msâ 8. sXfnª aZ-Kncn Ap-hmZw tSWw. 9. à DS ofw 5. B- I sf nc- ´ - c - a mbn D]- { Z- h n- ¡ p- I tbm 10. Ccn¡ Ømw hnkvXm-c-ap-ÅXpw amwk-ap-Å- tXm-p-Itbm sN¿p-¶Xv ]c-am-h[n Hgn-hm-¡m³ Xp-am-bn-cn-¡Ww {ian¡Ww. 11. ne-¯n-g-bp-¶Xpw à h®-hp-apÅ Xp¼n-ssI. 6. ]m¸m³amÀ Xsâ B ]s¦-Sp-¡p¶ DÕ-h- 12. sNhn-IÄ hep-Xm-bn-cn-¡Ww Ah hoip-t¼mÄ ¯nsâ Nn«- h - « - § Ä a- Ê n- e m- ¡ n- b n- c n- t ¡- X v à i_vZ-t¯m-Sp-IqSn ap¼n ASn-¡Ww AXym-h-iy-am-Wv. 13. hmenv GI- t Ziw I®- ¦ mep hsc o«- a p- - m - 7. Fgp- ¶ - Å n- ¸ p- I - f psS ka- b ¯v Bsb th- bn-cn-¡-Ww. coXn-bn _Ôn¨p nÀ¯p-¶Xv Ã-Xm-bn-cn-¡pw. 14. B-bpsS ndw à Icn-ho-«n-bp-tSXp t]mse hÀjw-t´mdpw IqSn-IqSn hcp¶ ]qc-§-fpsS bmbncn-¡Ww F®w B-Isf hn{i-aan-ÃmsX ]Wn-sb-Sp-¡p-hm³ - 15. B-bpsS ]pdIv Xmgv¶Xpw akvXIw DbÀ¶- nÀ_- Ô n- X - c m- ¡ p- ¶ p. Hcp ]qc- ] - d - ¼ n n¶v Xp-am-bn-cn-¡-Ww. asämcp ]qc-]-d-¼n-te¡v F¯n-tN-cp-hm-pÅ kab ssZÀLyw Ipd-hm-b-Xn-m B-Isf temdn-bn tIc-f-¯n B-Isf Gä-hp-a-[nIw D]-tbm- Ib- t ä- kml- N - c y- a p- - m - I p- ¶ p. CXv B- b psS Kn-¡p-¶Xv Fgp-¶-Ån-¸p-IÄ¡pw XSn-]n-Sn-¡p-¶-Xn- Btcm-Ky-¯nv lmn-I-c-ambn `hn-¡p-¶p. B- p-am-Wv. ]-p-Im-e¯v tIc-f-¯nse B-IÄ GI- Isf hgn- - S - ¯ p- t ¼mfpw temdn- b n sIm- p - t ]m- tZiw 70- þ 75 Fgp- ¶ - Å n- ¸ p- I Ä¡v ]s¦- S p- ¡ m- d p- s - Ip-t¼mgpw ]m¸m³amÀ ]men-¨n-cn-t¡- Nne ap³I- ¦n C¶Xv 120- þ 130 hsc F¯n n¡p- ¶ p. ]- p - cp-X-ep-IÄ Ch-sbm-s¡-bmWv:þ Im- e ¯v B- I sf hgn- - S - ¯ n- s Im- - p - t ]m- I p- a m- b n- cp-s¶-¦n Ct¸mÄ 75% B-Ifpw temdn-bn-emWv 1. nÝnX Øe-t¯¡v F¯p-hm³ FSp-¡p¶ k©-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. Hcp ]qc-]-d-¼n n¶pw asämcp ka-bw, Zqcw F¶n-h-sb-Ip-dn¨v ]m¸m³ t_m[- ]qc-]-d-¼n-te¡v hn{i-a-an-Ãm¯ Cu bm{X ]e- hm-m-bn-cn-¡-Ww. t¸mgpw A]- I - S - § Ä hcp- ¯ n- h - b v ¡ m- d p- - v . CXp- 2. bm{Xm ka-b¯v Bbv¡v Bh-iy-¯n-pÅ aqew BbpÊv jvS-s¸« B-IÄ nc-h-[n-bm-Wv. ]-¼« Icp-Xp-hm³ {i²n-¡-Ww. B-Isf Fgp-¶-Ån-¸n-mbn sIm-p t]mIp-t¼mÄ 3. ISp¯ NqSn Smdn« tdmUn-eqsS B-Isf S- ]m¸m³amÀ Nne ap³I- c p- X - e p- I Ä FSp- t ¡- - X v ¯-cp-Xv. An-hm-cy-am-Wv. 4. GI-tZiw 25-þ30 Km hsc am{Xsa Hcp Znhkw 1. Xsâ B-sb-Ip-dn¨p am{X-aà IqsS n¡p¶ Bsb S-¯p-hm³ ]mSp-Åp. aäm--Isf Ipdn¨pw ]m¸m³ t_m[-hm-m-bn-cn- 5. B-IÄ¡v bm{Xm ka-b-§-fn Bh-iy-¯nv ¡-Ww. Nne B-I-fn aäm--Isf D]-{Z-hn-¡p- shÅw sImSp-¡p-hmpw {]tXyIw {i²n-¡-Ww. hm- pÅ hmk ImWm- d p- - v . C§- s - b pÅ 6. Bh-iy-¯nv hn{iaw ÂIp-hm-pw, CS-bv¡n- kml-N-cy-¯n Xsâ Bsb HcSn ]pd-tIm«v Sbv¡v Bsb XWp-¸n-¡p-hmpw {]tXyIw Cd¡n nÀ¯p-¶Xv Ã-Xm-bn-cn-¡pw. {i²n-¡Ww.- 2. Fgp-¶-Ån-¸nsâ apgp-h³ ka-bhpw H¶mw N«- B-IÄ s]mXpsh kwi-bm-ep-¡-fm-Wv. B- ¡m- c ³ B- b psS ASp¯v Xs¶- b p- - m - b n- c n- IÄ¡v km[m-cW KXn-bn temdn-bn Ib-dp-hm³ t¡- X v Bh- i y- a m- W v . t]Sn-bm-Wv. ]s£ ]m¸msâ klm-b-t¯m-Sp-Iq- 3. ]S-¡-¯n-sâtbm shSn-s¡-«n-sâtbm i_vZw Snbpw nc-´-c-amb ]cn-io-e--t¯m-sSbpw CXp tI«v B-IÄ `b-t¶m-Sm-Xn-cn-¡p-hm³ {]tXyIw amänsbSp¡m-hp-¶-sX-bp-Åq. 45
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 20051. Bsb temdn-bn Ib-äp-¶-Xnp ap¼v sshZy- ]- c n- t im- [ - bv ¡ v hnt[- b - a m- t ¡- - X v An- h m- c y- am-Wv.2. Bsb Ib-äp-hm-pÅ hmlw à ØnXn-bn- em-bn-cn-¡-Ww.3. B-bpsS `mcw hln-¡p-hm³ ]än-bXm-bn-cn-¡Ww. - -4. 25-þ30 Km/Hr thK-X-bn IqSp-X hmlw HmSn- ¡p-hm³ ]mSn-Ã.5. Bbv¡v hml--¯n-te¡v Ffp-¸-¯n Ib-dp- hmpw Cd-§p-hmpapÅ kuIcyw Hcp-¡n-sIm- Sp-¡-Ww.6. temdn- b psS Ccp- h - i - § - f nepw XSn sIm- v sI«n KpW ne-hmcw Dd-¸p-h-cp-¯-Ww. ad- ¨ n- « p- - m - I - W w. 3. B-IÄ¡v ]c-am-h[n FSp-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp¶ hw-_À amkw apX sabv amkw hsc ofp¶ `mc- s ¯- ¡ p- d n¨v HmÀ½- b p- - m - b n- c n- ¡ - W w.DÕ-h-¡mew Ign-ªm Pq¬ apX HIvtSm-_À 4. nc-´-c-ambn Xp¼n-ssI-bn XSn-sb-Sp-¡p-hm³amkw hsc-bpÅ Ime-L«w XSn-]n-Sn--¡p¶ ka-b- Ap-h-Zn-¡-cpXv.am- W v. sX¡³ PnÃ- I - f nse B- I - s f- b mWv 5. XSn- ] n- S n- ¡ p¶ B- I Ä¡v Bgv N - b n c- p Znh-s]mXpsh XSn-]n-Sn-¡p-hm³ D]-tbm-Kn-¡m-dp-ÅXv. k-sa-¦nepw hnkvX-cn-¨pÅ tX¨p-Ipfn AXym-h-CXv B- I Ä¡v sÃmcp hymbm- a - a m- s W- ¦ n- e pw, iy-am-Wv.Bh-iy-¯n-e-[n-I-am-bm AXv B]¯p krjvSn- 6. Bh- i y- ¯ nv hn{iaw Ap- h - Z n- t ¡- - X v An-¡pw. XSn-]n-Sn-¡m³ D]-tbm-Kn-¡p¶ Ib-dnv ‘ h¡’ hm- c y- a m- W v . (B- g v N - b n Hcp Znhkw ]qÀ®F¶mWv ]d- b p- ¶ - X v . acw apdn- ¨ - X n- p- t ijw hn{iaw ÂI-Ww.)AXnsâ tXmÂ`mKw Ifªv DÄ`mKw am{Xw FSp- B- I Ä¡v Gä- h p- a - [ nIw ]cn- N - c Ww th- X v¡p-¶p. CXv 2þ3 Znhkw à shbn-en DW-¡n-b- aZ- ¸ m- S p- I m- e - ¯ m- W v . aZ- ¸ m- S p- I m- e ¯v B- I sfXnp tijw Chsb thÀXn- c n- s ¨- S p- ¡ p- ¶ p. Cu _Ô- - ¯ n- e m- ¡ p- ¶ p. GI- t Ziw 18 hb- Ê npthÀXn-cn¨ `mK-§Ä ]ncn-s¨-Sp¯v ‘ h¡’b p - m - ¡ p - tij- a mWv B- I - f n aZ- ¸ m- S nsâ e£- W - § Ķp. B- I Ä ISn- ¡ p¶ ‘ h¡ ’ bpsS `mKw à I-p-h-cp-¶-Xv. BZys¯ 2þ3 aZ-¸m-Sp-I-fnÂamÀ±hw DÅ-Xm-bn-cn-¡-Ww. km[m-cW KXn-bn Bbv¡v {]tXyIw ]cn-N-cWw Bh-iy-am-Wv. CuHcp ‘h¡ ’ Hcp hÀj-t¯mfwhsc D]-tbm-Kn¡mw Ime-b-f-hn B-bpsS kz`m-h-¯n hcp¶ amä-‘h¡ ’ bpsS ZuÀe- ` yw- a qew Ct¸mÄ Nne Øe- §Ä, Pohn-X-Imew apgp-h³ {]I-Sn-¸n-¡pw. B-§- f n sstem¬ Nc- S mWv D]- t bm- K n- ¡ p- ¶ - X v . IÄ IqSp-X B{I-a-W-Im-cn-I-fm-Im-Xn-cn-¡p-hm³CXv B-I-fpsS ]Ãpw hmbpw tXªp t]mIp-hm³ {]tXyIw {i²n- ¡ - W w. aZ- ¸ m- S pÅ B- I - ÄCS-bm-¡p-¶p. XSn ]nSn-¡p-hm³ B-IÄ¡v à s]mXpsh {]I-Sn-¸n-¡p¶ Nne e£-W-§Ä Ch-]cn- i o- e w th- X v AXym- h - i y- a m- W v . XSn ]nSn- sbm- s ¡- b m- W v . aZ- ¸ m- S pÅ B- I - f psS kz`m- h -¡p¶ Øe- ¯ nsâ ]cn- X - Ø n- X n- ¡ - p- k - c n¨v ¯n s]mSp- ¶ - s - b pÅ amä- § Ä ImWp- h m³CW§nt¨cp-hm³ Bsb ]cn-io-en-¸n-s¨-Sp-t¡- km[n¡pw. Htc hkv X p- h n- t e¡v nc- ´ - c - a mbn- X v ]m¸msâ Npa- X - e - b m- W v . XSn ]nSn- ¡ p¶ B- tm¡p-I-bpw, ]m¸m-tbpw aäp-Å-h-tcbpw nc-´-IÄ¡v th- coXn- b n- e pÅ ]cn- N - c Ww Bh- i y- a m- c- a mbn aW- ¡ p- I bpw sN¿pw. Nne B- I - f nÂWv. hÀj- ¯ n c- p {]mhiyw aZ- ¸ mSp I- p - h - c m- d p-1. XSn ]nSn- ¡ p¶ B- b psS IqsS Ipd- ª Xv c- p - v . Hcp aZ- ¸ m- S nsâ Ime- b - f hv GI- t Ziw 2þ3 amkw ]m¸m- s - ¦ nepw D- m - b n- c n- ¡ - W w. (H- c mÄ apI- hsc ofp-¶-Xn-mÂ, Cu ka-b-§-fn B-Isf fnepw HcmÄ Xmsg-bpw) Fgp-¶-Ån-¸ntm, aäp Bh-iy-§Ät¡m D]-tbm-2. XSn- ] n- S n- ¡ p- h m³ D]- t bm- K n- ¡ p¶ h¡- b psS 46
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005Kn-¡p-hm³ km[n-¡msX hcp-¶p. AXn-mÂ, B- {i²n- t ¡- - X v Bh- i y- a m- W v. B- b psS apJyIÄ¡v acp¶v sImSp¯v CXv AI-t¯¡v hen-¸n- Blm-c-§Ä ]-¼-«-bpw, sXt§m-e-bpw, ]ghpw,¡p-¶p. Cu {]{In-bsb hm«pI F¶mWv ]d-bp- tNmdp- a m- W v . CXn Bbv ¡ v ]- ¼ - « - t bm- S mWv¶Xv. CXv B-IÄ¡v lmn-I-c-am-Wv. IqSp-X XmXv]-cyw. B-IÄ Hcp Znhkw GI- aZ-¸m-Sn sI«nb B-sb, aZ-¸m-Snptijw tZiw 200-þ255 litre hsc shÅw IpSn-¡pw. aZ-¸mSpAgn-¡p¶ NS-§nv ‘ sI«n Agn-¡Â’ F¶p ]d-bp- Ime¯v B-IÄ¡v ssXcp Iq«n tNmdv ÂIp-¶Xv¶- X v . CXv tIc- f - ¯ n I- p hcp¶ Hcp k{¼- Z m- Ã-Xm-bn-cn-¡pw. Cu ka-b¯v B-I-fpsS icocb-am-Wv. ]gb ]m¸msâ Øm¯v ]pXnb ]m¸m³ Dujv a mhv hfsc IqSp- X - e m- b n- c n- ¡ p- ¶ - X n- mÂN«w Ib-dp-¶-Xnp ‘ sI«n Agn-¡Â’ F¶mWv ]d- Chsc XWp- ¸ n- ¡ p- ¶ - X n- m- b n- « pÅ `£- W - § Äbp-¶-Xv. CXv hmkvX-h-¯n B-Ifpw ]m¸m³ sImSp- t ¡- - X v Bh- i y- a m- W v . (DZm:- shÅn- c n- ¡ ,amcpw X½n-epÅ Hcp bp²w Xs¶-bm-Wv. ]m¸m³ ]mfbw tImS³ ]gw, Ip¼-f-§) B-IÄ¡v FÃmamÀ B-Isf Xsâ BÚ-bv¡-p-k-cn¨v nb-{´- hÀjhpw ‘ kpJ-Nn-InÕ ’ ÂtI- - X v Bh- i y- a m-W- ¯ n sIm- p - h - c p- ¶ p. CXn- mbn AhÀ ]e Wv. t]mj-Im-lm-c-§fpw BbpÀthZ acp-¶p-Ifpw{]tbm-K-§fpw (h-enb tImÂ, sNdnb tImÂ, hSn- tNÀ¶ Cu NnInÕmcoXn B- I Ä¡v á-¼v) S-¯p-¶p. Nne B-IÄ¡v CXv IqSp-X DWÀhpw Btcm-Kyhpw ÂIp-hm³ klm-bn-¡p-Bh-iy-ambn hcp-¶p. ImcWw ocnsâ ka-b¯v w.Bbpw ]m¸mpw X½nepÅ _Ôw hfsc hnc-f- B- I sf th- coXn- b n kwc- £ n- ¡ p- I bpwam- W v . B- I sf kw_- Ô n- ¨ n- S - t ¯mfw hfsc ]cn- ] m- e n- ¡ p- I bpw sNt¿- - X v Hmtcm DS- a - Ø -ZpÀL-S-§Ä ndª Hcp ka-b-am-Wn-Xv. ‘sI«n Agn- sâbpw Hmtcm B-t{]-an-bp-tSbpw IS-a-bm-Wv. Cu¡Â’ NS- § nv ]e n_- Ô - - I fpw Ds- - ¦ nepw ISa FÃm- h cpw th- coXn- b n nÀÆ- l n- t ¡- - X vCsXm¶pw ]e-t¸mgpw ]men-¡-s¸-Sm-dn-Ã. Cu ka- An-hm-cy-am-Wv. {io]qÀ®-{X-bo-ipw Xma-cw-Ip-f-b¯v ]m¸msâ aÀ²--taäv sNcnª B-IÄ nc- §c {io[À½-im-kvXmhpw FÃm `à P-§-tfbpwh-[n-bm-Wv. Ap- { K- l n- ¡ s« F¶v {]mÀ°n- ¨ p- s Im- v Cu B- I - f psS `£- W - I m- c y- ¯ n {]tXyIw teJw D]-kw-l-cn-¡p-¶p. IS-¸mSv:þ Elephant Manual (Website) , tUm. tP¡-_v. hn. Noc³, tUm. sI. kn. ]Wn-¡À, tUm. hn. IrjvW-aqÀ¯n, F. sI. s]m¶-¸³, Bh-W-¸-d¼v atl-iz-c³ ¼q-Xn-cn-¸mSv lecjXkgä~j aìùl hgvjgíejC HçfanTx Goejceãf mXYebv sòÖgk. aìùl vbrkjC ãÈX ctÿeX IöX mqbªeÎve mukjfTgk aìùlèfszÜ ssòlvõX aoMèfszÜ ssòlvõX 47
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 KtP-{µ-tam£w Im¯v tXh- c psS BIÄ inh-Zm-kv hÀ½ {]]- © - ¯ nse ap¸- ¯ n- a p- t ¡mSn tZh- X - I - Knco-isâ Cu AXn-Z-b-o-bm-h-Ø¡v Imc-Ww.sfÃmw H¯p- I qSp¶ Bdm- « p- ] p- g - ] m- S w. Xr¸qWn-¯p-d¡m-cpsS F¡m-et¯bpw Hma-- - -Bdm«p]pg- i m- k v X m- h nsâ kam- - X - I - f n- à m¯ bmb ‘‘tZhkzw Kn-co-i³’’ C¶v Ah-KWbpsS - - - -]©m-cn-ta-f-¯n XpS§n AtIw Imhp-I-fn Xpcp-¯n ncm-ew-¼-mbn Xriq-cnse sIm¡-c-Wn-n¶p-ff tZhn-tZ-h-·mÀ ]cn-hm-c-k-ta-X-cmbn ]mS- ]-d-¼n mfp-IÄ Xf-fn-o-¡p-¶p.¯n-eqsS Fgp-¶-ffn Bdm-«p-I-S-hn-se-¯n. Bh-W-]-d-¼p-a--¡se Xncp-tan KP-e-£-W- Bdm-«p-]p-g-]q-c-¯nsâ Ahn-kva-c-Wo-b-amb §-fn N{I-hÀ¯n-k-am--s¶v hnti-jn-¸n¨ Knco-Iq«n-sb-gp-¶-f-fn-¸nsâ aplqÀ¯-am-bn. Duc-I-¯-½-Xn-cp-h-Snbpw Nm¯-¡pSw imkvXmhpw hc-¼nsâ Ccp]pd§fnepw Bbn ]c-¶p-In-S-¡p-¶-sIm-bvXp-I-gnª ]mS¯v qtdmfw B-I-fpsS AI-¼-Sn-tbmsS nc¶p Ign-ªp. taf-N-{I-hÀ¯n-bmb Xrt¸-¡pfw A¨yp-X-am-cm-cpsS {]am-W¯n Duc-I¯½Xn-cp-hSn-bp-tSbpw - - - - -s]cpaw Ip«³am-cm-cpsS {]am-W-¯n Nm¯-¡pSw imkv X m- h n- s âbpw L- K w- ` o- c - a mb ]m- n -tafw ‘‘He¼temsS’’ XpS-§n. AXm- Zq-sc-n¶pw ]´-§fpsS kzÀ®-{]-`- aµw -aµw ASp-¡p-¶p. sXfn-ªp-I-¯p¶ ]´-¯nv]n¶n-embn im´-Kw-`o-c-mbn DbÀ¯n-]n-Sn¨ Xe-tbmsS Knco-i³ Xsâ bP-am--mb Xr{]-bmÀ{iocm-akzm-an-tbbpw inc-Ên-teän tXh-cpsS kz´w -hc-¼n-eqsS Bdm-«p-]p-g-bnse A]qÀÆ-Iq-Sn-¡m-gvNbv¡v mb-IXzw hln-¡m-mbn S-¶-Sp-¡p¶ImgvN C¶v ]qc-I-¼-¡m-cpsS a-Ên ]¨-]n-Sn-¨p-n¡p¶ HtcmÀ½ am{X-am-Wv. tXh-cpsS XnS¼v inc-Ên-teän Bdm-«p-]p-g- ]q-c-¯nsâ mb-IØm-o-bm-Ip-hm³ Ct¸mÄ Knco-im- - -hn-Ã. ssZh-§-fpsS kq£n-¸p-Im-sc¶v kzbw hnti-jn-¸n-¡p¶ shf-fm--I-fpsS ssI{In-b-am-{X-amWv Knco-ipw ]Wn-¡cpw 48
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 i³ tZhkzw A[n- I m- c n- I - f psS {IqcX H¶p- Dc- ¡ m³ {ian- ¨ - t ¸m- g mWv KÔw- s Ims- m , ]Wn- sIm- v am{Xw hÀjw- a p- g p- h pw aZ- P ew Hen- ¸ n¨v ¡-cpsS tams F¶ hn-fn-tI-«ns«m F¶-dn-bnà A£- c mÀ°¯n “ KtP- { µ- t am- £ ” - ¯ n- mbn Ah³ ]Wn-¡-sc-Xm-sg-bn-«p. {]mÀ°n¨p Ign-bp-¶p. ]n¶oSv Zp:JnX-mbn ]nd-In `b-t¯msS S- hnin-jvS-§-fmb KP-e-£-W-§-sfÃmw H¯p- ¡p¶ klm-bn-tbsbm `b¶v amdn-n¶ aäp-f-f- tNÀ¶ Hc--Ûp-X-{]-Xn-`m-kw-X-s¶-bmWv “Knco-i³”. hsctbm tm¡msX tsc {io ]qÀ®-{X-bo-isâ XSn¨v Dcp- v hosW- S p- ¯ p- n¡p¶ sIm¼p- aXneI-t¯¡v Ah³ S-¶p-tI-dn. IÄ Xs¶-bmWv BIÀjW-§-fpsS tI{µ-_n-µp. tKm]pcw IS¶v aXneI-s¯-¯n-bXpw Knco- DbÀ¶ aZ-Kn-cnbpw tX³n-d-amÀ¶ Ip«n¯w Xpfp- i³ ]Ým-¯m-]-hn-h-i-mbn t£{X-¯n-p-Npäpw ¼p¶ I®p-Ifpw hnSÀ¶p hne-kp¶ sNhn-Ifpw ]mªp--S-¡m³ XpS-§n. tcma-§ÄXn-§n-n-dª o--hmepw Kncoisâ Kmw- Btcbpw ASp-¸n-¡msX Bscbpw Kun-¡msX `ocy-¯nv amäp-Iq-«p-¶p. Xsâ ]nXr-Xp-ey-mb ]Wn-¡-cpsS Bbp-Ên-mbn F¶m Chsâ Gähpw henb {]tXy-I-X-]p- {io ]qÀ®- { X- b o- i - t mSv {]mÀ°n¨v sIm- v c- p - Z n- d-In n¶pw {Iam-p-K-X-ambn DbÀ¶vh¶v akvX- hkw Ah³ t£{X-¯nv Npäpw ]mªp--S-¶p. I-¯nv apIfnÂhsc Hcp ]e-I-Nm-cn-h-¨-Xp-t]m-ep- ff ]pdw-`m-K-am-Wv. AsX- Kn-coiv Xe DbÀ¯n-b- IqÀ¯-ap-f-fp-IÄ nc-¯nb Af-fp-IÄt¡m, ÃmsX Hcn-¡epw ne km²y-a-Ã. ab-¡p-a-cp-¶n s]mXnª iÀ¡-c-t¡m, Ahs tXmÂ]n-¡m-m-bn-Ã. ]m¸m³am-cpsS {Iqc-X-bn Kncoi- s - ¸ än Fgp- X p- t ¼mÄ AXnsâ Bßmwiw tNmÀ¶p t]mhm- X n- c n- ¡ - W - s a- ¦ n AXnsâ F¡m-e-t¯bpw {]nb-s¸« ]m¸m-m-bn- cp¶ ]Wn-¡-sc-¸-än-]-d-bm-sX-h-¿. ChÀ X-½n-ep-ff Bß-_Ôw tIc-f-¯nse GsXm-cm--]m-¸mpw Ap-I-c-W-o-b-am-Wv. ]hn-{Xhpw ]cn-]m-hhp-amb Cu Bß-_Ôw - - XIÀ¯-Xn-eq-sS-bmWv tZhkzw A[n-Im-cn-IÄ Knco- is bmX--I-fpsS temI-t¯¡v Xf-fp-¶-Xv. ]Wn-¡cpw Kncoipw X½n-ep-ff Cg-]n-cn-¡m- m-Im-¯-X-c-¯n-ep-ff kvtl-_-Ô-¯nsâ iàn Xr¸q- W n- ¯ p- d - b nse Bfp- I Ä Fgp- ] - X p- I - f psS Ah-km--¯n Ap-`-hn-¨-dn-ª-Xm-Wv. Kncoiv ]änb Hc-_-²-¯n-eq-sS. B-]-d-¼n n¶pw {io ]qÀ®{Xbo-isâ ioth-en-¡mbn t£{X-¯n-te¡v o§p¶ Knco-i³. ]Xn-hnv hn]-co-X-ambn B- bpsS ]pd¯v ]Wn-¡-cpw. Aev]w ]nd-In-embn S- ¡p¶ klm-bn-bpw, Hä-N-«-¡m-cs (]-Wn-¡-sc) am{Xw Ap-k-cn-¨n-cp¶ Knco-iv klm-bn-tbmSv kzm`m- h n- I - a mbpw oc- k - a p- - m - b n- c p- ¶ p. apI-fn-en-cn-¡p-¶Xv klm-bn-bm-sW¶v IcpXn Xr¸q-Wn-¯pd Knco-i³ Xp¼n- s sI- s Im- v Xmtg- s ¡- S p¯v akv X Iw sIm- v 49
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005s]mXnª X{´-§-fpsS ap HSn-¡m³ Ahsâ ]p-ÀP-·-{]-Xo-£-bn BWv B nev]v.nÝ-b-ZmÀVy-¯nv Ign-ªp. Knco-iv KP-cm-P-]-«tam aäp-_-lp-a-Xn-Itfm c- v Znh- k - § - f nepw t£{X- t Km- ] p- c - § Ä NmÀ¯n-In-«n-bn-«n-Ã. ]s£ {io]qÀ®-{X-bo-isâASªv InS-¶p. XnS¼v Gän-X-e-bp-bÀ¯n-hn-cn-ª-sIm-¼p-IÄ FSp- Bfp-IÄ Du«p-]p-c-bnse P-ep-I-fpsS ac-b- ¯p-]n-Sn¨v Xp¼n-ssIn-e-¯n-g¨v CS-¡nsS I®p-Nn-gn-IÄ¡n-S-bn-eqsS Knco-is nÀ¶n-ta-j-cmbn ½n-bp-ff B cmPIo-b-amb ne-bpsS `wKn Xs¶-tm¡n n-¶p. Ahcpw Ah-tm-sSm¸w ]Wn-¡cpsS - - bmWv ssZh-Z-¯-ambn Ahv In«n-bn-«p-ff _lpBbp-Ên-mbn {io ]qÀ®-{X-bo-i-tmSv {]mÀ°n-¨p. -a-Xn. HSp-hn _m³tUP-n s]mXnª s©n³ ]s£ ChnsS tZhkzw B-IÄ F¡m-e¯pwIqSp- a mbn ]Wn- ¡ sc Bip- ] - { Xn- b n n¶pw im]w In«nb P·- § - f mbn amdp- ¶ Xv I- n à F¶vsIm-p-h-¶p. Du«p-]p-c-hm-Xn-en--Sps¯ S-¡-Ãn Sn- ¡ m³ Ign- b p- I - b n- à . tZhkzw Knco- i - nÂ]Wn-¡sc Itk-c-bn Ccp-¯n. XpS§n C¶v tZhkzw {io cma- n F¯n- n¡p¶ B P·§Ä¡v th-n i_vZ-ap-bÀ¯pI tamt Kncoim F¶ ]Wn-¡cpsS Hä-hn-fn-bn - F¶Xv FÃm Bt{]an-IfptSbpw IS-a-bm-Wv.Xs¶ Knco-i³ HmSn ASp-¯p-h-¶p. Ah³ Znh-k-§-fmbn ImtXmÀ¯n-cp¶ kvtl-¯n Nmen¨ B Xriq-cnse sIm¡-c-Wn-]-d-¼n Knco-i-pw,hnfn tI«-tXmsS Ahsâ aÊv im´-am-bn. Xsâ Xr¸q-Wn-¯p-d-bnse Du«p-]p-c-]-d-¼n {iocm-apwap³Im-ep-IÄ c-pw Du-«p-]p-c-bpsS S-¡-Ãn Ib- Adn-b-s¸-Sm¯ GsXm-H-fn-Xm-h-f-¯n tZhkzwän-h¨v Ah³ A-§msX n¶p. F¶m Xsâ mcm-b-Wpw ssZh-¯nsâ kq£n-¸p-Im-cn n¶pwPohsâ Poh-mb ]Wn-¡-sc¶ HäN«¡m-csâ sImSn-b-aÀ²--§Ä Gäp-hm§n GXp-n-an-jhpwkvtl-hm-bv]n Iq«m-Ifn tIa-m-bn-cp¶ Knco- - - F´pw kw`-hn-¡m-sa¶ ne-bn mfp-IÄ Xf-fn-isâ Ã- I mew A[n- I - mÄ o- p - n- ¶ n- à . o-¡p-IbmWv. - ]Wn-¡-cpsS kÀÆokv _p¡n GXp-hn-t[- ChnsS mw Xan-gvmSv Kh-¬saâ v CubnsSbpw »m¡v amÀ¡v hogv¯m³ tm¡n-n¶ tZh- apXp-a-e-bn 98 e£w cq]-Nn-e-hm¡n Ahn-Sps¯kz- ¡ mÀ Gsd- ¡ mew o- p - n¶ AXy- ] qÀÆ- a mb tZhkzw B-IÄ¡mbn 45 Znhkw S¯nb kpJ-Bß-_Ôw XIÀs¯-dn-ªp. Nn-In-Õ-bn-te¡v {i²-Xn-cn-¡-Ww. ]n¶oSv h¶-F-®-an-Ãm¯ ]m¸m³am-cpsS Imc- ChnsS ssZh-¯nsâ kz´w msS¶v t]cp-t¡m-en-sâbpw CSn-bp-tSbpw ambm¯ apdn-¸m-Sp-I- tI« tIc-f-¯nse tZhkzw B-I-sf-sIm-v BPo-fp-ambn Knco-i³ ssZh-Z-¯-amb Ae-¦m-c-§fpw h-m´w ]Wn-sb-Sp-¸n¨v Ahsb sImÃm-sImet]dn sIm¡-c-Wn-]-d-¼n n¡p-¶p. sN¿p¶ ssZh-¯nsâ kq£n-¸p-Im-cn n¶pw {io]qÀ®-{X-bo-i-tbpw Xr{]-bmÀtX-h-cmb Chsb c£- s ]- S p- t ¯- - X v ap- j y- ¯ z- a p- f f Gh-{iocm-a-kzm-an-tbbpw a-Ên [ymn-¨p-sIm-v Hcp- cp-tSbpw IS-a-bm-Wv. {io inh-Zm-kv hÀ½ :þ Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c nhm-knbpw yq C´y³ FIvkv{]- Ênsâ teJ-I-pw IqSn-bmWv. (Ph : 94475 73788) 50
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 KP]pcmWw An-b³ Im«m--Isf sacp-¡n-sb-Sp¯v t£{Xm-h-iy- §Ä¡pw, XSn-]n-Sn-¡p-¶-Xn-pw, hntm-Z-k-©m-cn- Isf BIÀjn-¡p-¶-Xnpw B[p-nI Ime-§-fn D]-tbm-Kn-¡p-t¼mÄ, ]ucm-WnI Ime-§-fn B- I- f psS D]- t bm- K hpw Ah- b v¡p- - m - b n- c p¶ Ømhpw ]cn-tim-[n-¡p-¶Xv ckm-hlam-bn-cn-¡pw. - - DÛhw {_Òm-hnsâ ]p{X-mb aco-Nnbv¡v Iiy-]³ F¶ kpX- p- - m - b n. Iiy- ] ³ Z£- { ]- P m- ] - X n- b psS ]p{Xn-am-cmb AZn-Xn, ZnXn, Zp, Imfn-I, Xm{a,- t{Im- [-h-i, ap, Ae F¶n-hsc hnhmlw Ign-¨p. t{Im[-h-ibv¡v ]¯v s]¬a-¡Ä D-m-bn. AXn Hcm-fm-bn-cp-¶p amXw-Kn. amXw-Kn-bpsS ]p{X-·m-cmbn temI-¯n B-IÄ DÛ-hn-¨p. KW- ] Xn kÀÆ hnLv§fpw o¡n-¯cp¶ KW-]Xn `K- - - hm³ KPm- mW-tÃm. KW-]-Xn-bpsS P--s¯- ¸än ]pcm-W-§-fn C{]-Imcw ]d-bp-¶p. inhpw ]mÀÆ-Xnbpw IqSn Hcn-¡Â hm-c-cq]w [cn¨v h- ¯n {]th- i n¨v {IoU- I Ä sNbv X p- s Im- - n - c p¶ mWp Fgp-¯-ѳ {ion-hm-k³ Ah-kc¯n ]mÀÆXn KÀ`n-Wn-bm-bn. B KÀ`s¯ - - Bhm-ln¨v hmbp-`-K-hmv sImSp-¡p-Ibpw At±lw Icp-t¯-dnb F«v B-I-fm-sW¶v ]pcm-W-§-fn B KÀ`w ARvP-m-tZ-hn-bpsS DZ-c-¯n nt£-]n- hnh-cn-¡p-¶p. sFcm-hXw ]pWvU-co-I³, hma-³, bv ¡ p- I bpw sNbv X p. ARv P {]k- h n¨ B Ipap-Z³, ARvP-³, ]pjv]Z-´³, kmÀÆ-`u-a³, ]p{XmWv lp- a m³. inh³ ho- p w Hcp sIm¼- kp{]-Xo-I³ F¶ t]cp-I-fnÂ, Adn-b-s¸-Sp¶ Icp- m-bpsS cq]-sa-Sp-¯t¸mÄ ]mÀÆ-Xo-tZhn Hcp ]nSn- - - ¯-·m-cmb Cu B-Isf AjvSZznIv KP-§Ä F¶v - bm-bbpsS cq]-sa-Sp-¯p. B L«-¯n ]mÀÆ-Xo- hnfn-¨p-h-cp-¶p. tZhn ho- p w KÀ`n- W n- b m- I p- I bpw B- b psS cq]- sFcm- h Xw ¯n-ep-ff KW-]Xnsb {]k-hn-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp. (K- - W-]Xnbv¡v B- ¯ e D- m - b - X ns kw_- Ô n¨v ]pcm-W§fn {]Xn-]m-Zn-¡s¸-Sp¶ KP-§fn - - - - thsd c- v IY- I fpw ]pcm- W - § - f n ImWp- ¶ p- - v ) Gähpw t{ijvT³ tZth-{µsâ hml--amb sFcm- h-X-am-Wv. Iiy-]v Z£-]p-{Xn-bmb t{Im[-h-i-bn Ajv S - Z nIv KP- § Ä ]¯v s]¬a-¡Ä Pn¨p F¶v ]d-ªp-h-tÃm. `qansb F«v Zn¡p-Ifn-embn Xm§n nÀ¯p-¶Xv - Ah-cn Hcm-fmb `{Zbv¡v Ccm-hXn F¶ Hcp ]p{Xn 51
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005D - m - b n . C cm-h-Xn-bpsS ]p{X-mWv sFcm-hXw s¡m¼v Ducn-sb-Sp¯p {ioIr-jvW³ B-¡m-c-F¶ henb B. Iiy-]v AZn-Xn-bn-ep--mb ]p{X- tbpw ASn-¨p-sIm-¶p.mWv C{µ³. sFcm- h - X hpw Iiy- ] sâ Ipcp- t £- { X- b p- ² - ¯ nÂhwi¯n¯s¶ Pn-¨-Xm-W-tÃm. Bb-Xn-mÂC{µ³ sFcm-h-Xs¯ Xsâ hml--am-¡n. ]mWvU-hcpw Iuc-hcpw X½n S¶ Ipcp- t£-{X-bp-²-¯n ]Xn-sm¶v As£uln WnIfn- ZpÀÆm-kmhv alÀjnbv¡v tZh-I-y-IÄ k½m- embn 2,40,570 B- I sf Iuc- h cpw Ggvn¨ hnin-jvSamb ]qame alÀjn tZth-{µp k½m- - As£ulnWn-I-fn-embn 1,53,090 B-Isf ]mWvU-n-¨p. Xsâ hml--amb sFcm-h-X-¯nsâ ]pd¯v h-·mcpw Hcp-¡n-nÀ¯n. Hcp As£uln Wnsbame-h¨v tZth-{µ³ apSn NoIn-s¡-«nb ka-b¯v hn`-Pn¨v tXcv, B, Bfv, IpXnc F¶n-hsb kmcw,amebv ¡ v Npäpw h- p - I Ä ]d- ¶ v I q- S n. ieyw kln- a²yw, eLp F¶n-§s aq¶v hIp-¸p-I-fm¡n Xncn-¡-h-¿m-Xm-b-t¸mÄ sFcm-hXw Xsâ Xp¼nssI ¨n-cp-¶p. BZys¯ hIp-¸nv Hcp tXcnv ]¯m--sIm- v B ame hen- s ¨- S p¯v Nhp«n in- ¸ n- ¨ p. Ifpw , c- m - a - t ¯- X nv 50 B- I fpw, aq¶m- a - t ¯-Cu hnhcw Adnª ZpÀÆm-kmhv Ip]n-X-m-bn. Xnv 500 B-Ifpw F¶o-{I-a-¯n-emWv Hcp-¡-§Ä‘‘tZh-IÄ¡v Pcm--c-IÄ `hn-bv¡s«’’ F¶v i]n- Iq«n-b-Xv.¨p. ]mem-gnsb aYn-bv¡p-t¼mÄ e`n-bv¡p¶ AarXv Aiz- ° m- a mhv`£n-¨m Pcm--c-am-dn-¡n-«p-sa¶v im]-tam-£hpwÂIn. tZhm-kp-c-·mÀ aµc ]ÀÆ-Xs¯ IS-tIm- ]mWvUhtcbpw ssky-t¯bpw D·q-emiw - - -em¡n hmkpIn kÀ¸s¯ Ib-dm¡n ]memgn IS- sN¿p-sa¶v ZrV-{]-XnÚ FSp¯ t{ZmWsc h[n- bv¡p-hm³ `K-hm³ {io IrjvWsâ D]-tZ-i{]-Imcw -ªp. Bk-a-b¯v ]e hninjvS hkvXp-¡fpw IS- ]mWvUhtk-bv¡v Hcp NXn {]tbmKw S- t ¯ - - n - - -en n¶pw DbÀ¶p-h-¶p. A¡q-«-¯n sFcm- h-¶ p. a®p- s Im- v Hcp Bsb D- m ¡n AXnvhXw F¶ shff mÂs¡m¼- m- bpw D- m - b n- c p- ‘Aiz-°m-amhv’F¶ t]cn«v hmfp- s Im- v AXnsâ¶p. (]mem-gn-a-Y--¯n e`n-¨Xv sFcm-h-Xs¯ Xe Adp¯v apdn-¨p. AXn-p-tijw Hcn-¡epw Ifhvt¸mep-ff Hcp B-bm-sW-¶pw ]pcm-W-§-fn ]d- ]d- b m¯ [À½ ]p{X- s c- s ¡m- v ‘Aiz-°m-amhv Igp-b-s¸-Sp-¶p.) ¯-dp¯v sImÃ-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p’F¶v hnfn¨v ]d-bn-¨p.Iph- e - b m- ] oUw [À½ ]p{X-cpsS Cu {]kvXm-h tI«v t{ZmWÀ Xsâ ]p{X-hn-tbm-K-¯n k¦Ss¸«v tXÀ¯«n-en-cp-¶p. Xsâ ]p{Xn-am-cmb AkvXn-tbbpw {]m]vXn- Cu kabw t{ZmWsc [rjvS-Zyp-av³ B{I-an¨v Xe-tbbpw Iwkv hnhmlw sNbvXp-sIm-Sp¯ Ah- b-dp¯v h[n-¨p.k-c-¯n Pcm-k-Ô³ Iwkv ÂInb hninjvShkv X p- ¡ - f n H¶m- b n- c p¶p Iphe- b m- ] o- U w. (amf-h-¯nse cmPm-hmb C{µ-hÀ½v Aiz-[pÀbm-K-¯n ]s¦-Sp-¸n-bv¡m-s¶ hymtP °m- a mhv F¶p t]cp- f f Hcp KP- h o- c ³ D- m - b n-A¼m-Sn-bn n¶pw a[pcm ]pcn-bn-tebv¡p hcp- cp¶p F¶pw kz´w ssky¯nÂs¸« B¯n¨ {io IrjvW-t-bpw, _e-cm-a-tbpw h[n-¡p- Bsb `oa-tk-³ KZ-sIm-v XÃn-s¡m-Ãp-I-bm-bn- cp¶p F¶pw Hcp ]£- a p- - v . )¶-Xn-mbn Iwk³ tKm]p-c-Zzm-c-¯n¯s¶ CuaZ-bm-sb nÀ¯n-bn-cp-¶p. tKm]p-c-¯n F¯n- Bbpw Babpwt¨À¶ cma-Ir-jvW-·msc h[n-bv¡p-hm-mbn B- kzam-Xm-hmb hnn-X-bpsS Zmkyw XoÀ¡p-¡m-c³ Iph-ebm-]o-Us¯ Ah-cpsS tÀ¡v ]mbn- - hm³ Kcp-U³ tZh-tem-I-¯p-n¶pw Aar-Xp-sIm-¨p. F¶m X£Ww Irjv W ³ B- b psS - p - h - c p- h m- mbn ]pd- s ¸- « p, hgnbv ¡ v ]nXm- h mb]pd¯v NmSn-¡-bdn Bsb h[n-¨p. BbpsS Iiy- ] s I- v Xn¡v hni- ¸ - S - ¡ p- h m³ Fs´-Hcp-s¡m¼v Ducn _e-cm-av sImSp-¯-tijw atä- ¦nepw Xc-W-sa¶v Kcp-U³ At]-£n-¨p. Ipd-¨-I- 52
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 se- b mbn Hcp XSm- I- ¯ n Hcp Bbpw Hcp c£n- ¡ p- I bpw c- v t]À¡pw tam£w ÂIn Babpw hkn- ¡ p- ¶ p- s - ¶ pw Ahsb Kcp- U v ]qÀÆ-Øn-Xn-bn-em-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp. `£n-bv¡m-sa¶pw Iiy-]³ D]-tZ-in-¨p. ]nXr- Aán- b psS im]w kz¯v ]¦p-h-bv¡p-¶-Xn Ie-ln¨v Atymyw i]n¨v Bbpw Ba- b p- a mbn XoÀ¶ hn`m- h - Hcn-¡Â `rKp-alÀjn Aánsb ‘‘o kÀÆhpw - kphpw kp{]-Xo-I-p-am-bn-cp¶p Ah. Kcp-U³ `£n-¡p-¶-h-mbn Xocs«’’ F¶v i]n-¨p. im]-taäv XSm-I-Xo-c¯v F¯n Hcp Imen B-tbbpw atä- hnj-®mb Aán Hfn-¨n-cn-bv¡m³ Bcw-`n-¨p. tZh- - Im-en Ba-tbbpw tImÀs¯-Sp¯v apI-fn-te¡v ·mÀ Aánsb Atz-jn¨v ]pd-s¸-«p. Aán Hfn-¨n-cn- DbÀ¶v ]d¶v Hcp hS hr£-s¡m-¼n Ccn-¸p-d- ¡p¶ Øew B-IÄ tZh-·mÀ¡v Im«n-s¡m-Sp-¯p. ¸n-¨p. `mcw aqew B in-Jcw HSnªv new ]Xn- CXn Ip]n-X-mb Aán ‘‘B-I-fpsS mhv AI- bv¡m³ XpS-§n. B ac-s¡m-¼n _me-Jn-ey-sc¶ t¯bv¡v hf-ªn-cn-bv¡s«’’ F¶v i]n¨p. A-h[n alÀjn-amÀ Xe-Io-gmbn Xq§n-¡n-S¶v A¿- ¸ sâ hmlw X]Êv Ap- j v S n- ¡ p- ¶ p- - m - b n- c p- ¶ p. CXp- I - Kcp- U³ hr£-s¡m-¼ns Xsâ sIm¡n-tem-Xp¡n A¿-¸-kzm-ansb ]pen-hm-l-³ F¶v hnti-jn- KÔ-am-Z ]ÀÆ-X-¯nsâ apI-fn-se¯n AhnsS ¸n-bv¡p-¶p-s-¦nepw ]´-f¯v cmÚn-bpsS Xe-th- Ccn-¸p-d-¸n-¨p. hr£-in-J-c-¯n n¶pw alÀjn- Z amäm³ ]pen-¸m sIm-p hcp¶ kµÀ`-¯n amsc Xmsg Cd¡n Hcp sImSp-ap-Sn-bn t]mbncp¶v am{Xta `K-hm³ ]pensb hml-am-¡n-bn-«p-ffXmbn - - - B-tbbpw Ba-tbbpw `£n-¨p. ImWp-¶p-ffp. `K-hmsâ hmlw aZ-bm-bm-sW¶v - - KtP{µ tam£w ]pcm-W-§-fn hnh-cn¨v ImWp-¶p. ‘‘a¯ amXwK Kaw ’’F¶ hnti-j-Whpw ‘‘aZ-Icn hml-s C{µ-Zyp-av³ F¶ cmPmhv AK-kvXy-ap-n- ’’F¶ icWw hnfnbpw Cu A`n-{]mbw Ønco-I-cn- bpsS im]w aqew Im«m--bmbn ]cn-W-an¨v XrIq- bv¡p-¶p. `K-hmsâ Pw Xs¶ sFcm-hX¯nsâ - - Sm-N-e-¯nv kao]w hnl-cn¨v hcn-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. Hcp Ipkr-Xn-bpsS ]cn-Wn-X^eam-WtÃm. - - - - Hcp Znhkw Cu KtP- { µ³ kao- ] - ¯ p- f f Hcp s]mbvI-bn-en-d§n Xma-c-¸q-¡Ä ]dn¨v Ifn¨v ocm- e£- W - § fpw NnIn- Õ bpw Sp-t¼mÄ B s]mbvI-bn hkn-¨n-cp¶ Hcp apXe B-IfpsS e£-W§tfbpw Ahbv¡v Imem- - - - KtP-{µsâ Imen ]nSn-IqSn Xmtgbv¡v hen¨p XpS- Im- e - § - f n ÂtI- NnIn- Õ - I - t fbpw kw_- §n. tZh-e³ F¶ alÀjn-bpsS im]w aqew apX- Ôn¨ k¼qÀ® hnh-cWw Aán ]pcm-W-¯n e-bmbn XoÀ¶ lqlq F¶ KÔÀÆ-m-bn-cp¶p ImW-s¸-Sp-¶p. Bsb sacp-¡p-¶-Xn-s-¸-än-bp-ff AXv. apX-e-bpsS ]nSn-bnÂs¸« Ah-i-mb KtP- B[n-Im-cn-I-amb imkv{X-{KÙw ‘‘amXw-K-eoe’’ {µ³ alm- h n- j v W p- h ns [ymn¨p Xp¼nssI bmWv. sIm-v Xma-c-¸q-¡Ä ]dn-s¨-Sp¯v AÀ¨ Bcw-`n- ¨p. `K- h m³ KcpU hml- - ¯ n h¶v N{I- mbp[w {]tbm-Kn¨v apX-esb h[n¨v KtP-{µs ‘‘at¯-`³ ]mwkp kvmw sIm-tÃm kpJn-¡p¶p nXyhpw ip²-Pew X¶nte Ipfn-bv¡nepw’’ An-b³ :- Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c A¿¸ tkhm-k-an-Xn-bpsS kPoh {]hÀ¯-I³, dn«-tbÀUv _m¦p-tZym-K-س (Ph : 0484-2776682) 53
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 Bbpw Ipcp-S-·mcpw {]k-¶-hÀ½ mev AÔ- · mÀ C¡p- d nbpw B- s b- nÀ¯nb henb tImep-IÄ, tKm]p-c-¯-d-bn¡mWm³ ]pd-s¸-«p. B-¡m-cpsS shSn-h-«w.... msf sImSn-tbäv!” ]Xn-hp-sX-än-bv¡msX H¶ma³ tsc hmen- c- m - a sâ hnc- e p- I Ä I- X v thsdm- ¶ v.emWv IS¶p ]nSn-¨-Xv. “ Atymyw sXm«p-cp½n nev¡p¶ ]Xn-- “B-sb-¶m Hcp Nqev!” ©m--IÄ. aXn-en-tmSp tNÀ¶p nev¡p-¶-hsâ H¶m-a³ {]Jym-]n-¨p. Idp- ¯ p- c p- ]Å- b n teiw shÅ- ¡ p- ½ m- b w. B- ¡ m- e p- I Ä XS- h n- s ¡m- v c- m - a ³ ntj- ap¸Xp S-IÄ¡p ap¸Xv Aa-c-§Ä¡pw CSbv¡v[n¨p: B-¡m-cpsS ab-¡w, Xam-i-IÄ, hg-¡p-IÄ.. “B-sb-¶m Hcp XqWv!” Nn½n-¯p-d-¡p-¶ B-¡-®p-IÄ... ]Å -a-Wn-¡n- I¿p-bÀ¯n B-s¨-hn-IÄ sXm« aq¶m-ap ep-¡-§Ä...ipWvTn h¶p. s]mcn-sh-bn-e¯v hoin-sbm-gn-s¨mcp Ipfn.. “Nqep-a-Ã, XqWp-a-Ã. B-sb-¶m apd-am-Wv, ªp Idp¯ B-¨-´w... shfp¯ sIm¼n-apdw!” Zqsc amdn-n¶ mem-ap Nncn-bmWp h¶-Xv. tebv¡p sI«nb ssI..”Ah³ ]d-ªp. aq¶m-apw mem-asâ lrZ-b-¯n-tebv¡p “FÃmw sXm«-dn-bp¶ n§-fpsS hnc-ep-IÄ hnc o«n.o«n Fsâ lrZ-b-¯n-sem¶p sXmSp-hn³. AhnsS “cm{Xn hnf¡p Ignª nÈ-_vZXbmWp Rm³- -Hcm-sb Rm³ n§Ä¡p ImWn¨p Xcmw.” ImWp-¶Xv. A¼-e-ap-äs¯ Nc-en Nne B-bp-d- mem-asâ lrZ-b-¯n Hfn-¨n-cp¶ Bsb ¡-§Ä. hmbn-tebv¡p Xncp-In-sh¨ Xp¼n-¡-¿p-H¶m-asâ hnc-ep-I-fmWv BZyw sXm«-dn-ª-Xv. hnc- IÄ.. Dd-¡an-Ãm¯ GtXm B sNhn-bm-«p-¶Xnsâ - -ep-IÄ ]d-ªp: Xmfw.. ]« Iodp-¶-Xnsâ Rcp-¡w. “B-sb-¶mÂ... DÕ-h-¸n-tä-¶nsâ iqy-X.. DW-§nb B-¸n- Ip¯n-n-d¨ Hcp ss{]häv _kv sshäne IS¶v - ¡ p- ¶ p- I - f n n¶p- b - c p¶ ]pI.. apäs¯ Nc-Xr¸q-Wn-¯pd tm¡n InX-bv¡p-t¼mÄ _knsâ en- n- S - b n Be- h - « - ¯ n n¶p- X nÀ¶ HscmäHmcw tNÀ¶v Hcp N§-e¡n-ep-¡w.. _Ênsâ P abn¸o-en.. ]Sn-ªmtd tKm]p-c-¯nsâ shÅ-Np- -NXp-c¯n-eqsS ta N§-ebn sImfp-¯n-bn« Hcp a-cp-I-fn ]« Xm§n IS¶p t]mb B-IÄ tImdn- - -k©n, B-s¨-hn-IÄ¡p ]n¶n B-bv¡m-csâ bn« ]¨-h-c-IÄ...”s]cp-hn-c-ensâ ImWm-¡-fn-IÄ... mem-a³ hnXp¼n: a-Ên hoW ]©m-cn-bpsS BZys¯ tImÂ.. “B-sb-¶m Nqepw XqWpw apd-hp-sam-¶p-aÃmsf sImSn-tbäv! Iq«-tc.. B-sb-¶m Hcp hnIm-c-am-Wv. a-Ên-- kÔy¡v A¼- e - a p- ä - a msI B- ¨ q- c nsâ I¯v aZ-P-e-aq-äp¶ Hcp hnImcw!”XnanÀ¸v. ‘ _sS-h-¨mm’ hnfn-IÄ, ]-¼« hen-¨p- mem-a³ Xr¸q-Wn-¯p-d-¡m-c-m-bn-cp-¶p.s I m - - p - t ]m- I p¶ i_vZw, aXn- e n Nmcn- {]k-¶-hÀ½ þ Infn-am-¶qÀ cmP-Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. Xr¸q-Wn-¯pd K-c-k-`-bpsS ap³sN-bÀampw ]tc-X-mb {io tIc-f-hÀ½-bpsS ]p{Xn. DÕ-h-t¯mSpw B- tbmSpw FÃm Xr¸q- W n- ¯ p- d - ¡ m- t cbpw t]mse Gsd I¼- a p- - v . sIm¨n dnss^- -dn-bnse DtZym-K-س Fkv. Ap-Psâ ]Xvn-bm-Wv. 54
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 ]qc-¸-d-¼p-I-fpsS tcmam-©-amb kpµccma³amÀ kpµ-c³ (]m-¸m³-þ-Ip-«³Ip-f-§c cma-Zm-kv) KP-cm-P³ Ip«³Ip-f-§c cma-Zm-knsâ H¶mw N«-¡m-c³. kztZiw ae-a-¡m-hv. ]nXmhv {io them-bp-[³, amXmhv {ioaXn am[-hn. ]Xvn {ioaXn _o. H¶mw IvfmÊv hnZymÀ°nn A-L-bpw, 3 hb-Êp-Im-c³ AcpWpw a¡-fm- Wv. Ip¼nSn A¸p-®n-ta--hsâ tiJ-c-m--bpsS aq¶mw ]m¸m-mbn XpS§n C¶v tIc-f- ¯nse Gähpw kuµ-cy-hpw, FÃm--Ã-e-£-W-§fpw DÅ B-t{]-an-I-fpsS {]nb-¦-c- mb KP-cm-P³ Ip«³Ip-f-§c cma-Zm-knsâ H¶mw ]m¸m-mbn hÀ¯n-¡p-¶p. {io kpµ- c-p-ambn FUn-täm-dn-b t_mÀUv S-¯nb A`n-ap-J-¯n n¶v. Cu tPmen Xnc-sª-Sp-¯Xv? Fs´m-s¡-bmWv? GsX- ¦ nepw Hcp Pohn- X - a mÀ¤- ¯ n- m- b pÅ AXoh ]c-a-{]-[m--ambn {i²bpw a-Êm-¶n- Atz- j - W - ¯ n CXmWv Xc- s ¸- « - X v . ho«n ²y-hpw. Ft¸mgpw {i²m-ep-hm-bn-cn-¡-Ww. B- FXnÀ¸m-bn-cp-¶p. B-¡¼w Ip«n-¡mew apX¡p- bpsS Xmsg InS¶p ab-§p-t¼mgpw aÊv B-bn- - m - b n- c p- ¶ - X n- m Cu sXmgn- e p- a mbn s]s«- ¶ n- W - em- b n- c n- ¡ - W w. Nne kµÀ`- § - f n Nn´n¨p §p-hm³ km[n-¨p. Ct¸mÄ 22 hÀj-am-bn. Ip¼nSn {]hÀ¯n-¡p-hm³ DÅ kabw e`n-¡p-Ibn-Ã. AXn- - A¸p-®n-ta--hsâ tiJ-c-m--bn aq¶mw ]m¸m- m a- Ê m- ¶ nZyw AXym- h iyw th- - X m- W v . mbn XpS-§n. ]n¶oSv Iqä-mSv cmP-ti-J-csâ ]ns¶ sXmgn Úmw, £a. Hcp hy-ar-K-¯n- c- m w ]m¸m- m- b n. ]n¶oSv Ip«³Ip- f - § c oe- I - s-bmWv sIm-p--S-¡p-¶-sX¶ t_m[w Imcy-§Ä WvTsâ aq¶mw ]m¸m-mbn. Ip«³Ip-f-§c {ion- hm-ksâ {][m N«-¡m-c-mbn 5 hÀjw. Ignª 8 hÀj-ambn cma-Zm-knsâ {][m N«-¡m-c-m-Wv. B-s¯m-gn ]Tn-¨Xv {io Ip¼nSn {]`m-I-c-n n¶v. (cmP-tk-sâ A¶s¯ H¶mw ]m¸m³) 22 hÀjs¯ sXmgn-en-n-S-bn Gähpw kt´mjw tXm¶nb nanjw? 2000 sXmSp-]pg KP-ta-f-bn BZy-ambn cma- Zm-knv KP-cm-P-¸«w e`n-¨-t¸mÄ, ]n¶oSv Hä-¸mew KP- t a- f - b n c- p - h Àjw e`n- ¨ n- « p- - v . Hcn-¡epw ad-¡m¯ kw`hw? XrÈqÀ ]qcw. P-e-£-§Ä Xn§n-n-d-ªp- n¡p-¶p. Xncp-h-¼m-Sn-bpsS Fgp-¶-Ån-¸v. A{]- Xo-£n-X-am-bmWv cma-Zm-kpw tImXd A¿-¸-m- bpw sIm¼p tImÀ¡p-¶-Xv. Bsb nb-{´n-¡p- hm-pÅ {ia¯nnS-bn Fsâ Imen-s¶m-Snhp ]än. cma-Zm-knsâ ]gb N«-¡m-c³ A¸p®n (A¶v Ip«³Ipf-§c ]ß-m-`sâ H¶mw-N-«-¡m-c³)¡v `mKy-h-im s]s«¶v Bsb nb-{´n-¡p-hm³ km[n-¨p. CsÃ-¦n AXv hen-sbm-cp-Zp-c´am-tb-s. - - A¶v Hcp G{]n 18-þmw Xob-Xn-bm-bn-cp-¶p. taSw 5. Ct¸mgpw AsXmcp t]Sn-kz-]v-am-Wv. kpµ-cpw Ip«³Ipf§c cmaZmkpw Hcp N«- ¡ m- c v {][m- - a mbn th- Ign- h p- I Ä 55
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005ap³Iq- « n- ¡ m- W p- h m- pÅ Ign- h v. Bsb B- I - f psS Btcm- K y- t ¯bpw BbpÀkvtln-¡p-hm-pÅ aÊv Ch-sbÃmw AXym-h- ssZÀLy-t¯bpw hfsc tZmj-I-c-ambn _m[n-iyw-X-s¶. ¡p¶ H¶m-Wn-Xv. ocp-Im-ew-ssh-In-¡p-hm-pw,sS³jpw Zpcn-Xhpw ndª Cu tPmen-sb-¸än? Fgp-¶-Ån-¸p-IÄ jvS-s¸-Sm-Xn-cn-¡mpw th-n-bm- sS³j³ Cu tPmen-bpsS Hcp `mK-am-Wv. WnXv sN¿p-¶-Xv. B-I-fpsS Btcm-Ky-£-b-¯np]¯pw ]Xn-©pw B-IÄ, hnhn[ kz`m-h-¡mÀ, ]pdsa [mcmfw {]iv - § fpw CXp- a qew D- m - I m- d p-tImfnÂ, Hen-hn Xnc-¡pÅ ]qc-¸-d-¼p-I-fn - v . im´- { ]- I r- X - c mb B- I ÄIqSn Cu¡me¯vn¡p- t ¼mÄ Ap- ` - h n- ¡ m- d pÅ sS³j³ Nne- t ¸mÄ {]iv - ¡ m- c m- I m- d p- - v . {]Ir- X n- Z - ¯ - a mbBÀ¡pw-a--Ên-em-hp-I-bn-Ã. DuWpw Dd-¡hpw Dt]- ocv Henhv Ir{Xn-a-amÀ¤-§-fn-epsS AS-¡n-h-¡p-¶-£n-¨pÅ tPmen-¡n-Sbn hn{iaw Akm-²yw. B- - Xnsâ tZmj-Icamb hi-§fm-Wn-h. Hgn-hm-¡n-bm - - -bpsS tImfp-Im-e¯v sNdnb Hcp ]cn-{`aw tXm¶m- B-IÄ¡pw ¶v, Gsd {]iv-§fpw Hgn-hm-¡mw.dp- - v . otcm- S - S p- ¡ p- t ´mdpw AXoh {i² Bh- i y- [mcmfw Fgp-¶-Ån-¸p-I-fn ]s¦-Sp-¡p-am-Wv. hfsc IcpXn thWw CS-s]-Sm³. B-¡-¼- Ibpw[mcmfw B- I - s fm¯v CS- ] - g - I p- I bpw¡mcpw aäpw ]cn[n hn«p ASp-¯p-h-cmsX {i²n-¡- sNbv X n- « p- - t Ãm? Gähpw BIÀjn¨ KP- h o- c ³?Ww. ASp-¯p-n¡p¶ B-I-fpsS {]Ir-Xw-hsc Ing-t¡ho-«n tKm]n. kÀÆ-e-£-W-§fpw{i²n-¡-Ww. N«¼n-¯-c-§Ä¡v t]cp-tI« B-I- XnIª Hs¯m- c m- - b m- b n- c p- ¶ p. tm¡n- n¶pfpsS ASp-¯m-W-¦n ]d-bm-p-an-Ã. Fgp-¶-Ån¸v t]mIpw.XoÀ¶mse izmkw tsc-bm-Ip-Åq. cma-Zmkv XnS-t¼-äp-t¼mÄ kt´mjw tXm¶m- KP-]-cn-]m-ew: ka-b-¯nv Xoä, shÅw, dpt-m?Ipfn, hn{i-aw, NnInÕ Ch-sbÃmw hfsc {i²sNep- t ¯- Imcy- § - f m- W v . B- b psS Btcm- K y- XoÀ¨-bm-bpw. ½psS B-¡pÅ AwKo-I-mc-hpw, Bbp-Êpw, kz`mhwhsc Chsb B{i-bn-¨n- atÃ? A`n- a mw tXm¶m- d p- - v . c- p hÀj- a mbncn-¡pw. Cu Imcy-§Ä Ign-hXpw H«pw hogvN-h-cp- ]qÀ®-{X-bo-isâ Bdm-«n¶v cma-mWv XnS-t¼äp¯msX tm¡-Ww. ½psS apX mw Xs¶ Im¡- ¶Xv . A`n- a m- hpw kt´m- j hpw tXm¶m- d p- - v .Ww. AXp- s Im- - m Wv Rm³ BZyw Xs¶ Bsb B-Isf temdn-bn Ibän Fgp-¶-Ån-¸p-IÄ¡vkvtln-¡p¶ a-Ênsâ {]m[myw FSp-¯p-]-d- sIm- p - t ]m- I p- ¶ - X n- s - ¸ än?ª-Xv. kz´w a¡sf F¶-t]mse kwc-£n-¡-Ww. Ã-XmWv. S¶p he-bp-¶-Xn-t-¡mÄ F´p-Fgp- ¶ - Å n- ¸ p- I Ä¡n- S - b n D- m - I p- ¶ - { ]- i v - § - sIm-pw ¶v. AhÀ¡pw hn{iaw In«pw. 3 Znhkwfn ]eXpw Hgn-hm-¡m-hp-¶-h-bsÃ? {ian-¨n-«mWv cma-Zmkv BZy-ambn temdn-bn Ib-dn- XoÀ¨-bmbpw, B-bpsS {]IrXw ap³Iq«n b-Xv. Ct¸mÄ ioe-am-bn.ImWp-hm-pÅ Ign-hv, {i² Ch-sbÃmw hfsc B-tbm-SpÅ am-knI ASp¸w?{][m--am-Wv. B-bp-S-a-I-fpw, kwLm-S-Icpw, N«- a¡sf F¶ t]mse kvtln-¡p-¶p. Ahsâ¡mcpw {i²n-¨m Ipd-s¨-¦nepw {]iv-§Ä Hgn- Xoä-bpw, shÅhpw apS-§n-bm kln-¡m³ ]äm-dn-hm-¡mw. ka-b-¯n-m-lm-cw, hn{i-aw, tImfnepw Ã. ]c- a m- h [n {i²n- ¡ m- d p- - v .ocn-ep-apÅ Fgp-¶-Ån-¸p-IÄ Hgn-hm-¡Â, Xnc-¡n- IpSpw_ Pohn-Xhpw Cu sXmgnepw?n- S - b n B- ¡ p- - m - I m- h p¶ _p²n- a p- « p- I Ä Hgn-hm- ¡ Â, Fgp- ¶ - Å n¸p- I Ä¡n- S - b n aXn- b mb kok-Wm-bm _p²n-ap-«m-dp--v. ho«p-Im-cy-§-hn{iaw, aZy-]n¨p e¡p-sI« coXn-bn Bsb fn {i²n-¡m³ ]äm-¯Xpw Ip«n-Isf ImWm³sIm- p - - S - ¡ m- X n- c n- ¡ pI XpS- § nb Imcy- § - f n km[n- ¡ m- ¯ Xpw hnj- a - a p- - m - ¡ m- d p- - v . Ip«n- I Ä¡v{i²-tI-{µo-I-cn-¨m Ipsd-sbms¡ {]iv-§Ä Hgn- cmas hfsc CjvS-am-Wv. ]s£ A[nIw ASp-¯n-hm-¡mw. g-]-g-Im³ Ap-h-Zn-¡m-dn-Ã.B-Isf “hm«pI” C¶v kÀÆ-km-[m-cWam-Wv. CXn- - - `mhn-bn aI³ Cu sXmgn Xnc-sª-Sp-¯mÂ?s-¡p-dn¨v? Hcn-¡epw t{]mÕm-ln-¸n-¡n-Ã. Cu _p²n-ap- «p-IÄ Ahcpw IqSn Ap- ` - h n- t ¡- - t Ãm. 56
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 -K-P-cm-P³ Kpcp-hm-bqÀ tIi-h³ -sNm-Æ-ÃqÀ IrjvW³Ip«n B A`n-h KtP-{µ-tam£w Ac-t§-dn-bn«v BIm- c - K mw- ` ocyw sIm- p w BsI- ¸ m- s S- b pÅ CXm 28 hÀjw ]n¶n-«p-I-gn-ªp. {ioKp-cp-hm-bq-c- B-N-´w-sIm-pw AXp-ey-mb Kpcp-hm-bqÀ ]ß- ¸sâ CjvS-tXm-gpw D¯a`à-p-am-bn-cp¶ KP-cm- m-`³ A£-cmÀ°-¯n Ac§p `cn-bv¡p¶ Ime- P³ Kpcp-hm-bqÀ tIi-h³ Hfn-a-§m¯ Hcp HmÀ½- L-«¯n-emWv tIi-h³ h¶Xv. ]n¶oSv ]s£ tIi- - bmbn amdn- b n«v ImÂq- ä m- p Ign- ª p. Xncn- ª p- tm-¡p-t¼mÄ Adn-bmsX Cud--Wn-bp¶ angn- IÄ¡p ap¼n-eqsS H«p-hfsc cwK-§Ä Hs¶m-¶mbn - IS¶p t]mIp¶ Ahy-à-amb Hcp tX§-tem-sS. AsX Pohn-X-Im-e-a-{Xbpw Kpcp-hm-bqÀ tIi-h³ Imc-W-h-cpsS kvtl-_-lp-am-m-Z-c-§Ä BÀÖn- ¨n-cp¶p FÃm cwK-§-fn-epw. tIc- f - ¯ nse F¶p- t h- C´y- b nse Xs¶ m«m--I-fpsS mfn-Xp-h-sc-bpÅ Ncn-{X-¯n Hcp A]qÀÆ-I-Ym-]m-{X-amb Kpcp-hm-bqÀ tIi-hsâ IY, Gjy-bnse sX¡p hi-apÅ Gähpw henb ne-¼qÀ hm-´c§fn n¶v Bcw-`n-¡p-¶p. ne- - - - ¼qÀIm-«nse hmcn-¡p-gn-bnemWv tIi-h³ hoW-Xv. sFizcyw I¯n-n¡p¶ ne-¼qÀ tImhn-e-I- ¯nsâ apä- ¯ v , tImhn- e Iw hI ]{´- - m - a s¯ B-bmbn tIi-h³ h¶p. Bbn-S-bv¡mWv ae-_m- dn-em-I-amw ‘am¸nf elf’ s]m«n-¸p-d-s¸-«-Xv. KXy- ´-can-ÃmsX ne-¼qÀ cmPmhv XrÈqÀ¡v kIp-Spw_w - ]mem-bw sNbvXp. kz¯p-h-I-Ifpw B-I-tfbpw Imcy-Ø-mb ]Wn-¡sc Gev]n-¨p. el-f-bn ]Wn-¡À h[n-¡-s¸-«p. Xsâ kz¯p-¡fpw B-I- tfbpw jvS-s¸« cmPmhv Kpcp-hm-bq-c-¸-tmSv DÅp- cpIn {]mÀ°n-¨p. FÃmw-Xn-cn¨p In«n-bm Hcm-sb Kpcp-hm-bq-c-¸v ÂImw F¶v. B {]mÀ° ^en- ¨p. A§ns tIi-h³ 1922 Pp-hcn 4-þmw XobXn Kpcp-hm-bq-cn S-bv¡n-cp-¯-s¸-«p. Kpcp-hm-bq-c- KP-cm-P³ Kpcp-hm-bqÀ tIi-h³ ¸sâ `àÀ¡n-S-bn ‘AjvS-]Zn Xncp-¸mSv’ F¶-t]- cn Adn-bs¸-«n-cp¶ ]tc-Xmb D®n-cm-cn-¨³ Xncp- - - hsâ t]cpw s]cp-abpw ]ß-m-`-tâ-Xn-t-¡mÄ ap¸mSv tIi-hs shÅbpw Icn-¼Shpw hncn¨v ]Xn-·-S§p hfÀ¶p. h¶ Ime¯v tIi-h³ an¡- S-bn-cp-¯n. hmdpw c- p tcw ioth- e n- ¡ mbn t£{X- ¯ n 57
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005Xs¶-bm-bn-cp-¶p. XnS¼v Xe-bn h¨m Xe aq{X-sam-gn¨p t]mIpw.Bhp-¶{X DbÀ¯n-]n-Sn-¡m³ ]m¸m³amÀ nÀ_- tIi-hsâ kz`m-h-¯nv ]e khn-ti-j-X-Ôn- ¡ pw. ]n¶o- S Xv Hcp ioe- a mbn amdn. GXv I f p w D - m-bn-cp-¶p. XnS¼v Fgp-¶-Ån-¡p-hm³sIme-sIm-¼-·m-cpsS Sp¡pw Gähpw Xe-sb-Sp- am{Xsa ssI aS-¡p-I-bp-Åp. t£{X-¯n--I-¯m-¸pÅ {]am-W-¡m-c-mbn tIi-hv njv{]-bmkw bmepw ]pd-¯m-bmepw ]m¸m³ ]pd¯p Ib-dp-n¡p-hm³ km[n-¡p-am-bn-cp-¶p. tImew Xe- ¶Xv CjvSa-Ã. iImcw kln-¡n-Ã. GXv Fgp-¶-bn Ib- ä n- b mÂ, tIi- h ³ Ccph- i - ¯ p- a pÅ Ån- ¸ n- m- b mepw XnS¼v Xsâ Xe- b n thWwIq«m--Isf H¶p tm¡pw. ]n¶oSv Hcp Xe-bp- F¶v nÀ_-Ô-am-bn-cp-¶p. CXnv Hcp DZm-l-c-W-bÀ¯-em-Wv. Cu n¸v F{X aWn-¡qdp-IÄ hsc amWv Xncp- h - © n- ¡ pfw t£{X- ¯ nse DÕ- h w.ofpw. ]ns¶ Xe Xmgv¯-W-sa-¦n Cd¡n Fgp- tIi- h s IqSmsX thsdbpw B- I Ä D- v .¶-Ån-¡-Ww. tIi- h - t - ¡ mÄ Db- c - a pÅ Hcp B- b p- - m - b n- c p- tIi- h v {]mb- ] qÀ¯n- b m- b - t ¸mÄ Hcp ¶p. m«p- I mÀ c- p tNcn- I - f mbn Xncnªp Hcp Iq«À tIi-hs ]n´m-§n. aäp-Iq-«À aäm--sb-No¯- t ¸cv hoWp þ ‘ {`m´³ tIi- h ³ ’ . CS- bpw. Ah- k mw c- m - - I - s fbpw sä- n ¸- « - a n- à msXbv¡nsS aZw CfInbncp-¶p-sh-¶-Xm-Wn-Xnp Imc- ndp¯n s]m¡w tm¡Ww F¶mbn. FÃm-h-cp-Ww. Cu kabw tIi-h³ km£m {`m´-mbn tSbpw {]Xo- £ bv ¡ v hn]- c o- X - a mbn tIi- h - t -amdp-am-bn-cp-¶p. Cu {`m´p amäm-mbn ]e NnIn- ¡mÄ s]m¡w aäm- - b v ¡ p- - m - b n- c p- ¶ p. ]n¶o- S v ,Õ-Ifpw sNbvXp. ]n¶oSv Kpcp-hm-bqÀ t£{X- tImew Ibän Dbcw tm¡Ww F¶m-bn. tIi-¯n Xs¶ 41 Znhkw `Pw S-¯n. FÃm Znh- hsâ inc-Ên tImew Ib-än-b-t¸mÄ ANyp-X³khpw s¿v P]n- ¨ p- s Im- S p- ¯ p. GXm- b mepw mbÀ H¶p tm¡n- b - t X- b p- Å p. tIi- h sâAsXmsS {`m´p amdn. Hcp A]-IS ac-Ws¯ incÊv hmtmfw DbÀ¶p. Ah-kmw tImewXpSÀ¶v ]ß- m- ` ³ Ac- s §m- g n- ª - t ¸mÄ B tIi-hp Xs¶ kz´w.Øm¯v tIi-h³ Ah-tcm-[n-¡-s¸«p B ]Z- e£- W - { ]- I mcw tIi- h ³ D¶- X - I p- e - P m- X -hn-bpsS {]m[m-yhpw Kmw`o-cyhpw Kuc-hhpw mWv þ {_mÒ-W³. amXw-K-eoe F¶ {KÙwtIi- h ³ icnbv ¡ pw a- Ê n- e m- ¡ n. H¶p c- p lrZnkv X - a m- ¡ n- b n- « pÅ kÀÆ- I - e m- h - à - ` - mbsImÃ-¯n-Iw tIc-f-¯n-e-t§m-f-an-t§m-f-apÅ ]qapÅn oe-I-WvT³ ¼q-Xncn A`n-{]m-b-s¸-«-GXv Fgp-¶-Ån-¸nepw H¶m-a³ tIi-h-m-bn-cp- XmWv CXv. km[p-hmb {]Ir-Xw, ap³ ipWvTn¶p. D- m - I pw. tIi- h v A[nIw ]Wn- s b- S p- ¡ p- ¶ Xv tIi-h³ Ct§m«pw tIi-hs At§m«pw CjvS-an-Ãm-bn-cp-¶p. Kpcp-hm-bq-cn n¶v F{XAXn-cäv kvtln-¡p-Ibpw `b-s¸-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXn- AIse GXp Fgp-¶-Ån-¸np t]mbmepw Xn¡vcp- ¶ p. c- p hnZKv ² ]m¸m- · m- c m- b n- c p¶p amW- n m- Xncn¨p t]mIWw F¶p tXm¶n-bm At¸mÄb-cpw, sNdnb ANyp-X³m-b-cpw. mev]Xp sImÃ- Xncn¨p t]mcpw. Hcn-¡Â IqÀ¡-t©cn ]qc-¯n-¡mew tIi-hs kz´w aI-s-sb¶ t]mse p-t]m-Ip-¶-h-gn. ]pg-bv¡Â F¶ Øe-s¯-¯n-ip{iq-jn¨ ANyp-X³ mbcpw tIi-hpw X½n- b-t¸mÄ Xncn-¨p-t]m-IWw F¶p tXm¶n. Xncn¨p t]mcp-Ibpw sNbvXp. FXnsc h¶ Imdnpw aävepÅ _Ô-hn-tijw hnh-cn-¡m-m-hn-Ã. ‘ tams, hml- - § Ä¡pw sskUv sImSp¯v tIi- h ³tIi-h³Ipt«y’ F¶-ÃmsX ANyp-X³m-bÀ hnfn- Kpcp-hm-bqÀ¡v S-¶p. ]peÀ¨bv¡v Kpcp-hm-bq-¡m-dn-Ã. ANyp-X³ mbÀ tIi-hs A§ns cn-se¯n hS¡p `mK¯v AS§n HXp§n n¶p.ASn-¡m-dn-Ã. F¶m CSXp ssI sIms-mcp ]qiv Kpcp-hm-bqÀ tIi-h³ Kpcp-hm-bq-cn Ac-In«n-bm AX{X thKw ad-¡mpw ]än-Ã. amWn-m- q- ä m- - p - I mew ]qÀ¯n- b m- ¡ n- b - X nsâ HmÀ½bv ¡ vbsc tIi-hv `b-am-bn-cp-¶p. B Imc-t¡m-ep- KP-cmP ]«w k½m-n¨ B Zriyw C¶pw FÃm-sIm- v H¶p tXm- n - b m aXn, GXp Bbpw h-cp-tSbpw HmÀ½-bn X§n n¡p-¶p. 1973  58
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005tIi-hsâ 60 mw ]nd-¶m-fm-tLm-jhpw A¶m-bn-cp- ¼n-se-¯n-¨p. AXv Ahsâ Ah-km-s¯ bm{X-¶p. B-X-d-hm-«n CXp-hsc Hcm-bv¡pw In«m¯ bmWv F¶v Bcpw Adn-ªn-Ã. ]ntä Znhkw Zi-_lp-a-Xn. A-´-cm-h-Im-in-I-fmb Ht«sd B-I- an. Kpcp- h m- b qcpw ]cn- k - c hpw GIm- Z in DÕ- h -fp- t Sbpw hmZy- t a- f - § - f p- t Sbpw XpÅn- ¨ m- S p¶ ¯nsâ shfn-¨-¯n Ipfn¨p n¡p-t¼mgpw Fhn-B_m- e - h r²w P- § - f p- t Sbpw AI- ¼ - S n- t bmsS tStbm Hcp KZvK-Zw, tIi-hv AkpJw Gdn-h-cp-AXymÀ`m-S-]qÀÆw A¶v BtLm-jn-¨Xv teJ-I³ ¶p. cm{Xn-bm-bn, Zi-an-hn-f-¡m-tLmjw AXymÀ`m-C¶pw HmÀ¡p-¶p. Pzen-¨p-n¶ Bth-i-¯n-n-S- S-ambn kam-]n-¨p. tIi-h³ t£{Xw tm¡n, sImSn-bn tIi- h s ‘ KP- c m- P - ] «w ’ NmÀ¯nbt¸mÄ, acw tm¡n nd-an-gn-I-tfmsS Htc n¸v. GIm-ZinIngs¡ tKm]pc S BËmZ {]I-S--§-fm A£- Znh-kw. tcw ]peÀ¶p AÀÖp-³ hniz-cq]wcmÀ°-¯n s]m«n-s¯-dn-¨p. B KP-cmP ]Zhn ZÀin¨ Znh-kw. km£m ta¸-¯qÀ `«-Xn-cn-¸m-NmÀ¯n, S-bn Ibdn n¶v, {ioe-I-t¯bv¡v Sv , `K- h ms I¬ap- ¶ n I- v , IWv T - a n- S dn ‘At{K-tm¡n. tIi-h³ aq¶p-h«w sXmgp-Xp. At¸mÄ ]-iyman’ F¶v ]mSnb Znh-kw. At¸m-gmWv CSn¯o]pd¯p n¡p¶ tIi- h - t âbpw AI- ¯ pÅ h¶p hoWXp t]mse B Sp-¡p¶ hmÀ¯ tI«-tIi- h - p- ® n- b p- t Sbpw angn- I Ä nd- ª n- « p- - m - h n- Xv , ‘ tIi- h ³ acn- ¨ p ’ . AsX tIi- h ³ acn¨ptÃ? F¶mWv P-§Ä ]d-ª-Xv. t£{X-¯nse sImSn- Cn A`n-h KtP-{µ-tam-£w. 1976 GIm-Zin acw tm¡n Xp¼nss¡ o«n tIi-h³ a-kvI-cn¨patlm-Õ-h-¯nsâ `mK-ambn t£{X-¯n hnf¡v InS-¡p-¶p. Ah-km-s¯ kmjvSmwK {]Wm-aw.s]mSn-s]m-Sn¨p S-¡p¶ h-an-cm-{Xn. F§pw sbv- ImtXmSv ImtXmcw Cu Zpc-´-hmÀ¯ Adn-ªp.hnf-¡nsâ {]`m-]qcw. IÀ¸qcmf-§Ä {]Z-£nW nan-j-§Ä¡Iw tImhn-eIw ]d¼v P n_n-U-hgn-bn hnSÀ¶p. AjvS-KÔw ]pI-ªp. Nµ-- am-bn. kz´w IpSpw-_-¯nse Gähpw {]nb-s¸«¯n-cn-IÄ ]cn-afw s]mgn-¨p. CSbv¡ hmZy-¯nsâ HcwKw s]s«¶v acn-¨m-se¶ t]mse ZpxJw XSp-eb-¯n mK-kz-c-ap-bÀ¶p. kzÀ®-t¡mew inc- ¡m- m- h msX B_m- e - h r²w tX§n- ¡ - c - b p¶Ên-te´n n¶ tIi-hv s]s«¶v h¿m-Xm-bn. tIi- ImgvN Ak-l-o-b-am-bn-cp-¶p. A§ns KP-cm-P³hs Cd¡n Fgp-¶-Ån¨v asäm-cm--bpsS inc-Ên Kpcp-hm-bqÀ tIi-h³ HtcmÀ½-bmbn F¶pw P-tImew tIän. tIi-hs ]Xps¡ tImhn-eIw ]d- §-fpsS a-Ên ndªp n¡p-¶p. (I-S-¸mSv þ B-¡-Y-IÄ) 59
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005-Xm-a-cw-Ip-f-§c {io[À½imkvXm t£{X DÕ-hm-tLmj kvac-Wn-I-bmb aI-c-tPym-Xn-bn Pohn-¨n-cn¡p-¶Xpw a¬a-d-ª-Xp-ambNne KP-ho-c-·msc¡pdn¨v R§Ä¡p e`y-amb hnh-c-§fpw Nn{X-§fpw hmb- - ¡ m- c psS Adn- h n- t e- ¡ mbn {]kn- ² o- I - c n- ¡ p- ¶ p.R§Ä¡p e`y-amb hnh-c§-fmWv Ch-bn tNÀ¯n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv.GsX- ¦ nepw coXn- b n- e pÅ sXäp- I Ä IS¶p IqSn- b n- « p- s - ¦ nÂkZbw £an-¡-W-sa¶pw Ah R§-fpsS Adn-hn Xc-W-sa¶pwA`yÀ°n-¡p-¶p. FUn-täm-dn-b t_mÀUv FUn-täm-dn-b t_mÀUv hna BÀ. ]n. hn-b-Ip-amÀ inh-Zmkv hÀ½ lcn Fkv. {]kn-²o-I-cn-¨n-cn-¡p¶ Nn{X-§Ä¡v IS-¸mSv {io. hna & {]im´v, Xr¸q-Wn-¯pd {io. apIp-µ³ Ip«³Ip-f-§c {io. tKmhnµv a[p-kq-Z-³, Xr¸q-Wn-¯pd apJ-Nn{Xw Kpcp-hm-bqÀ tIi-hpw -þ ANyp-X³ mbcpw 60
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 ]qapÅn tiJ-c³ ap¸Xp hÀj- ¡ mew ]qapÅn a- b v ¡ se tiJ-c³ FÃm ]qc-I-½n-än-¡m-cp-tSbpw I®n- sFiz-cyhpw A´-Êp-ambn Pohn¨ tiJ-c³ A´y- ep-®n-bm-bn-cp-¶p. Ahv Fgp-¶-Ån-¸np In«p-hm³ izmkw hen-¨n«v GI-tZiw 70 tesd hÀj-ambn th-n aÕ-c-am-bn-cp-¶p. XrÈqÀ ]qcw (]m-d-ta-¡mhv ]s£ tiJ- c s Ipdn- ¨ pÅ a[pckv a c- W - I Ä hn`m-Kw) s]cp-hw ]qcw (Du-c-I-¯½ Xncp-h-Sn- ]qapÅn a-bv¡se AwK-§Ä am{X-aà FÃm B bp-sS) Bdm-«p-]pg ]qcw, Chn-sS-sbÃmw hÀj-§- t{]an-Ifpw C¶pw Im¯p kq£n-¡p¶p. ]d-b¶qcv - tfmfw tiJ-c-m-bn-cp¶p XnS-t¼-än-bn-cp-¶-Xv. DÕ- a-bv¡Â Ip«n-¡mew sNe-h-gn¨ tiJ-c³ buh- h-§fptSbpw ]qc-§-fp-tSbpw FÃm-N-S-§p-Ifpw -Im-e¯mWv ]qapÅna-bv¡se-¯p-¶Xv. A[nIw - - - tiJ-cv ax-]m-T-am-bn-cp¶p. tiJ-csâ hnkvXm-c- mÄ BIp-¶-Xnp ap¼v Xs¶ tiJ-c³ a-bv¡- apÅ akvXI¯n-mbn ]md-ta-¡m-hp-ImÀ {]tXyIw - - te-bpw, {Kmao-Wcp-tSbpw I®n-ep-®n-bmbn amdn. a- - Hcp sän-]«w D-m-¡n-¨p. taÂ`mKw 3 ASn-tbmfw bv¡se PohnXw tiJ-cv kzÀ¤-Xp-ey-am-bn-cp-¶p. hoXn-bp--m-bn-cp¶ Cu sän-¸«w ]s£ tiJ-csâ Znh-khpw s¿pw Nyh--{]m-h-iyhpw Iq«n-bpÅ Ime-tijw ]md-ta-¡m-hp-ImÀ hoXn Ipd¨v thsd DuWv. DuWn-p-tijw BÂa-c-¯-W-en hn{i-aw. H¶v D- m - ¡ n- ¨ p. cmhnse Znh-khpw hnkvX-cn-¨pÅ Ipfn. tiJ-csâ tiJ-cs kz´w aIs t]mse hf-sc-¡mew Cu Ipfn aWn-¡q-dp-I-tfmfw ofp-sa¶v ]g-a-¡mÀ sIm-p S-¶Xv H¶mw N«-¡m-c-m-bn-cp¶ i¦-c³ km£y-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p. Ipfn-I-gnªv a-bv¡-se-¯n- mbcpw c- m - a - mb cma³ mb- c p- a m- b n- c p- ¶ p. bm Xncp- t an tiJ- c sâ tZlw Hc- e - ¡ n- b s]mXpsh im´-kz-`m-h-¡m-c-m-bn-cp¶p tiJ-c³. tXmÀ¯p ap- v s Im- v XpS¨p tm¡n Agp- ¡ n- s Ã- Ahsâ ASp-t¯¡v BÀ¡pw bmsXmcp `bhpw ¶p-d-¸p-h-cp-¯pw. GI-tZiw H¼-Xc ASn-tbmfw IqSmsX sNÃm-am-bn-cp-¶p. Ip«n-Isf hfsc CjvS- Db- c - a p- - m - b n- c p¶ tiJ- c ³ Hcp KP- t {i- j v T ³ am-bn-cp¶ tiJ-c³ Ah-cpsS IqsS Ifn-¡pI ]Xn- Xs¶-bm-bn-cp-¶p. tiJ-cp am{Xw kz´-am-bn-cp¶ hm-bn-cp-¶p. CsXms¡bmbn-cp-s¶-¦nepw tiJ-c³ Nne e£- W - § Ä D- m - b n- c p- ¶ p. à ofw, Btcm- Hcn- ¡  Hcmsf sIm¶p. c- m - a - mb cma³m- b - Ky-apÅ ico-cw, Ag-ImÀ¶ sIm¼p-IÄ, hnkvXm-c- sc. tiJ-csâ aZ-¸m-Sp-Im-ew. S-]Sn Zqjyw aqew apÅ ]pdw. tiJ-cv F¶pw tim` ÂIn-bn-cp-¶Xv kkvs]³j-n-em-bn-cp¶ i¦-c³ mbÀ¡p ]Icw Ahsâ Xp¼nssIbm-bn-cp-¶p. ]e aS-¡p-IÄ Xmsg- cma³ mbÀ¡m-bn-cp¶p tiJ-csâ Npa-X-e. In-S-¶n-cp¶ Xp¼nssI ]s£ ]e-t¸mgpw Ahv tiJ-ct-¡mÄ Db-chpw Xe-sb-Sp-¸p-apÅ nc- - `mcw Df-hm-¡n-bn-cp-¶p. tiJ-cv n¡p-hm³ GI- h[n B-IÄ A¡m-e¯v D-m-bn-cp-s¶-¦nepw B- tZiw c-m--I-fpsS Øew thW-am-bn-cp-¶p. tiJ- t{]-an-I-fpsS a-Ên tiJ-csâ Ømw F¶pw csâ ]pd¯v thW-sa-¦n aq¶m-ep-t]À¡v ]mb ap¼n-em-bn-cp-¶p. {]mbm-[nIyw aqew Ah-kmw hncn¨p InS-¡p-hm³ km[n-¡p-am-bn-cp¶p F¶v ]g- tiJ-c³ Cl-temIw shSnbp-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. tiJ- a-¡mÀ A`n-{]m-bs¸-«n-cp-¶p. tiJ-csâ Cu hep¸w - csâ ac-W-hmÀ¯ Adnªv B {Kmaw apgp-h³ Ahp Xs¶ `mc-am-bn-cp-¶p. Im«n XSn-]n-Sn-¡p- nÝ-e-am-bn. Xsâ aIs jvS-s¸-«¶t]mse i¦- hmpw ZoÀL-Zqcw S-¡p-hmpw km[n-¡p-am-bn-cp- c³ mbÀ tiJ-csâ ico-c¯nsâ Acn-In Ccp¶v - ¶n-Ã. Bh-iy-¯nv ]-¼« Xm§p-hm³ t]mepw hmhn- « p- I - c - ª p. Hcp Imc- W - h À¡p sImSp- t ¡- - km[n-¡n-Ãm-bn-cp-¶p. ]e-t¸mgpw a-bv¡se cma-N- Xmb FÃm _lp-a-Xn-I-tfm-tS-bp-amWv tiJ-cs {µ-m-bn-cp¶p Xsâ tPyjvTXp-ey-mb tiJ-cv ]- - kwkvI-cn-¨-Xv. tiJ-c³ Hcp ambm¯ HmÀ½-bmbn ¼« Xm§n sIm- p - s Im- S p- ¡ m- dp-ÅXv. - C¶pw B-t{]-an-I-fpsS a-Ên Pohn-¡p-¶p. 61
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 kvarXn-bn hncn-bp¶ KP-hn-kvabw sN§-ÃqÀ cwK-m-Y³ ]qc-m-«nse ]pcm-h-kvXp-ayq-kn-b-¯n ]Xn- AØn ]RvPcw ]qÀ®-cq-]-¯n {]uVn-tbmsSäm- - p - I - f psS ]g- ¡ - a p- f f AØn ]Rv P - c - § - f psS XrÈq-cnse ImgvN-_w-¥m-hn C¶pw ImWmw. ]pcm-kvamc-I-¯n-eqsS sN§-ÃqÀ cwK-m-Y³ C¶pw hkvXp ayqkn-b-¯nsâ {]th-i--lm-fn Xs¶Pohn-¡p-Ibm-Wv. Db-c¯nsâ Imcy-¯n Ct¸mgpw - - Øm]n-¨n-«p-ff Cu AØn ]RvP-c-§fpw kao]wsdt¡mÀUv ne-nÀ¯p¶ Cu KP-cm-P³ {io sIm¯n-h-¨n-«p-ff Cw¥o-jnepw ae-bm-f-¯n-ep-ap-ffcwK¯v n¶v 99 hÀjw ap³]mWv A´n-¡ms« Hcp eLp-hn-h-c-Whpw am{X-amWv cwK-m-YssN§-ÃqÀ a-bv¡-se-¯n-b-Xv. XrÈq-cntebpw tIc- C¶s¯ Xe-ap-d-¡msc ]cn-N-b-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-Xv. Cuf-¯n-tebpw BtLm-j§fn Hcp Ime-L«¯nsâ- - - - kvamc-Ihpw sIm«n amcm-¯p-ho-«n kq£n-¨n-«p-hnkva-b-am-bn-cp¶p cwK-m-Y³. 86 sImÃw ap¼v ff ‘sN§-Ãq-cm’ F¶ Ihn-Xm-k-am-lm-chpw cwK-sNcnª cwK- m- Y s I- - h - c mcpw Xs¶ C¶v m-Ysâ ]Ãpw apdn¨ sIm¼pw Bs¸cp-a-I-fnsePohn-¨n-cn-¸n-Ã. F¦nepw cwK-m-Ysâ `oam-Im-c-amb AXn-m-b-Isâ IY ]d-bp-¶p. Xan-gvm-«nse {iocwKw t£{X-¯n-tâ-Xm-bn- cp¶p cwK-m-Y³. Imth-cn--Zn-bn n¶v henb A- m - h p- I - f n t£{Xm- h - i y- § Ä¡p- f f shffw F¯n-¡-em-bn-cp¶p tPmen. ssht¡mepw tNmdp-am- bn-cp-¶p Xoä. thK-¯n-ep-ff Ahsâ hfÀ¨-aqew t£{X-tKm-]pcw IS-¡m³ ]äm-Xm-bn. Xan-gvm-«n Fgp- ¶ - f - f n- ¸ p- I Ä CÃm- ¯ - X n- m {iocw- K - ¯ p- ImÀ¡v cwK- m- Y ³ Hc- [ n- I - ¸ ämbn. A- m - h p- I Ä Dcªv ]pd¯v {hW- a m- b n. H«n- b - h - b À, Ip- n - e mb I®p-IÄ. BsI timjn¨ ne. t£{Xm-[n-Im-cn- IÄ cwK-m-Ys hn¡phm³ Xocp-am-n-¨p. ]{X- ¯n ]ckyw sNbv X p. ]ckyw I- v sN§- à qÀ a-bv¡se ]c-ta-iz-c³ ¼q-Xncn 1081 (AD 1905)  cwK-m-Ys 1500/þ cq]bv¡v hm§n. A´n-¡m-«n-se- ¯nb cwK-m-Yv t]mj-I-k-ar²-amb `£-W-am-bn- cp-¶p. sÃ-®bpw aª-s¸m-Snbpw D¸pw tNÀ¯ tNmdv, ]w-]-«, Ipw_fw F¶n-hbpw A´n-¡ms« `K-hXn t£{X-¯n-sebpw tXhm-c-]p-c-bn-tebpw KW-]-Xn-tlm-a-¯nsâ ssth-Zyw. IqsS Nyh--{]m- iw, telyhpw BbqÀthZ- Hu-j-[-§-fpw. thK- ¯n cwK-m-Y³ XSn-¨p-sIm-gp¯v Ag-sIm¯ sIm¼-m-bn. sN§-ÃqÀ cwK-m-Y³ XrÈqÀ]q-c-¯nv hÀj-§-fmbn Xncp-h-¼m-Sn- 62
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 bpsS XnS-t¼-äp-Im-c-m-bn-cp¶ ]qap-ffn tiJ-cs Bsb c£n- ¨ p- X cq F¶v FÃm- h - t cmSpw ]n´-f-fn-s¡m--m-bn-cp¶p Ac-t§-äw. ]n¶oSv cwK- A`yÀ°n- ¨ p. BbpÊnsâ hep¸w sIm- p am{Xw m-Ysâ km¶n[yw tIc-f-¯n-e-t§m-f-an-t§m-f-ap- cwK-m-Y³ A¶v ac-W-¡pgnbn n¶v c£-s¸- ff B-t{]-an-IÄ¡v lc-am-bn-am-dn. Gähpw Db-cw- «p. Iq- S nb B F¶ ne- b n- t e¡v hf- c p- I bpw HSp-hn 1914  Bdm-«p-]p-g-]qc-¯nv Fgp-¶- sNbvXp. s]m¡-¯n am{X-aà kz`m-h¯nepw cwK- - f-fn-¸n-n-Sbn BXn-tY-bmb Bdm-«p-]pg imkvXm- - - m-Y³ H¶m-am-bn-cp-¶p. kzXsh im´-kz-`m-h¡m- - hnsâ tImew hln¨v n¡p-Ibm-bn-cp¶ cwK-m-Y³ - c-mb cwK-m-Y³ Hcn-¡Â am{Xsa CSªv HmSn Iq«m-bmb AI-hqÀtKmhn-µsâ Ipt¯äv hoWp. - B{I-a-W-¯n XfÀ¶p-hoW cwK-m-Y³ ]ns¶ FWo-än-«n-Ã. A´n-¡ms« sN§-ÃqÀ a-bn sIm-p- h¶v NnIn-Õ-IÄ ]e-Xv sNbvXvtm¡n-sb-¦nepw 1917  cwK-m-Y³ sNcn-ªp. ]qc-§-sfbpw B-I- sfbpw kvtln-¡p¶ Bbn-c-§Ä¡v cwK-m-Ysâ thÀ]mSv Xm§m-m-Im-¯-Xm-bn-cp-¶p. sN§ÃqÀ a- b psS ]n³X- e - a p- d - ¡ mcpw B- t {]- a n- I - f mb Nnecpw Cu kly-]p-{Xsâ HmÀ½ C¶pw kq£n-¡p- ¶p--v. Bdm«p-]p-gbn cwK-m-Y³ Ipt¯äv hoWXnv - mi jvS-§Ä hcp-¯n-bn-«p-f-fp. Bbv¡v aZw Xsâ sNdn-b¨³ ZrIvkm-£n-bm-bn-cp-¶p-sh¶v B- - s]m«n-b-X-dn-ª-Xn-p-tijw ]m¸m³amÀ Bsb ssh-Zy³ hS-¡m-t©cn Bh-W-]-d¼v atl-iz-c³ Xf-¨n-Sm-Xn-cp-¶-Xm-bn-cp¶p Imc-Ww. Hcn-¡Â cwK- ¼q-Xn-cn-¸mSv HmÀ¡p-¶p. Bh-W-]-d-¼v a--bn m- Y ³ ac- W - h p- a mbn apJ- t ¯m- S p- a pJw I- Hcp Ipd¨v hÀj-§Ä¡p-ap¼v s]mfn-¨p-o-¡nb henb cwKw, bYmÀ° B-I-¼-¡m-c-mb s{]m^. Sn.-kn. ]Sn-¸p-c-bpsS IÃp-sIm--p-ff Ihm-S-¯nv apIÄ`m- _me- I r- j v W - t a- t m³ tcJ- s ¸- S p- ¯ n- b n- « p- - v . K¯v N§e Dc- ª - X nsâ ]mSp- I - f p- - m - b n- c p- ¶ p. sImbv ¯ v Ign- ª - I m- e w. sN§- à qÀ a- h I AXv Hcn-¡Â cwK-m-Y³ IhmSw IS-¶-t¸m-gp--mb tImĸm-S¯v AXp-anXpw Xn¶p S-¡p-I-bm-bn- ]mSp-I-fm-bn-cp-¶p-sh¶ ]g-a-¡m-cpsS km£y-s¸- cp¶p B. s]s«-¶mWv Bg-a-dn-bm¯ sNfn-¡p- Sp- ¯ - e p- I Ä atl- i z- c ³ ¼q- X n- c n- ¸ mSv C¶pw -n hoW-Xv. B sNfn-bn Xmgm³ XpS-§n. Ac- HmÀ¡p-¶p. Cu Ihm-S-¯n-eqsS nc-h[n B-IÄ tbmfw sNfn-bn-em-bn. Xsâ kz´w Ipªnp h¶ IS- ¶ n- « p- s - ¦ nepw taÂ`mKw kv ] Àin- ¡ m³ X¡ B]-¯p-t]mse ¼q-Xn-cn-¸mSp hmhn-«p-I-c-ªp. Hcm- bpw AXp- h sc D- m - b n- « n- söv At±lw ]d- F{X cq ] s N e - h m - b m e p w t h - n - à , F s â bp-¶p. 63
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 Akm- ¶ n²yw sIm- p w {it²- b - m- I p¶ KP-t{i-jvT³ Xncp-h-¼mSn N{µ-ti-J-c³ Xsâ Akm- ¶ n²yw aq¶v ]Xn- ä m- - n - - S p¯v Xncp-sIm- p w {it²- b - m- h p- I - b mWv h-¼mSn I®-sâbpw `K-h-Xn-bp-Xncp-h¼mSn N{µ-ti-Jc³. mep - - tSbpw Zmk-mbn mSmsI nd-hb-Êp-f-f-t¸mÄ tIm¶n-Iq-«n ªp-n-¶tijw kw`-h_lp-e- - - -hoW B- ¡ p- « nsb à amb B Pohn-X-¯nv Xnc-Èoee£Ww I- v Xncp- h n- X mw- I qÀ hogp- t ¼mÄ N{µ- t i- J - c valm-cmPm-hnv F¶pw IWn-Im- hbÊv 70 Bbncp-¶p. mS³Wp- h m³ sIm«m- c - ¯ n- t e¡v B-I-fn Gähpw IqSp-XÂsIm- p - t ]m- b n. akv X - I - ¯ n hÀjw Pohn¨ Hcm-bmWv N{µ- -amWn-Iy-¯nsâ e£Ww ZÀin- ti-J-c³. 1999  Hcp Iq«m--¨-t¸mÄ B-¡p-«n¡v ‘N{µ-ti- bpsS Ipt¯äv IpSÂameJ-c³’ F¶ t]cn-Sm³ alm-cm- shfn-bn NmSn-bn«pw Pohn-X-Pmhv Xocp-am-n-¨p. 20 hÀj- ¯n-te¡v Xncn¨p-h¶ Cu KP-t¯mfw N{µ-ti-J-c³ sIm«m-c- cm-P³ ]s£ imco-cn-Im-h-i-X-¯n sNe-h-gn-¨p. B hf-cp- bn n¶pw ]qÀ®- a mbpwI- b pw, aZ- ¸ m- S nsâ e£Ww apàn- t - S n- b n- « n- à . HSp- h nÂImWp- I bpw sNbv X - X n- m ]pWy- a m- k - a mb sshim- J -alm-cm-Pmhv a¶¯v ]Zvam-`sâ - ¯nse t{ijvTamb A£-b{Xn- - - Xncp-h-¼mSn tZhkzw N{µ-ti-J-c³ Xo-bbpw CShw H¶mw Xob-Xn-D]- t Z- i - { ]- I mcw Bsbhn¡p-hm³ Xocp-am-n-¨p. a¶- bp-am-bn-cp¶ 2002 tabv 15 v¯nsâ ASp¯ kplr-¯mb Ipf-¸p-d¯v oe-I- N{µ-ti-J³ A´yizmkw hen-¨p. Hcp IpSpw-_-WvT-]n-f-f-bmWv N{µ-ti-J-cs hm§n-b-Xv. ChnsS ¯nse Imc-W-h-cpsS ncymWw t]mse-bmWv N{µ-h¨mWv N{µ- t i- J - c ³ Fgp- ¶ - f - f n¸v Nn«- I fpw ti-J-csâ A´yw mSp-ap-gp-h³ BN-cn-¨-Xv.Iq¸nse ]Wn-Ifpw A`y-kn-¨-Xv. ]mem Ggm-tNcn N{µ-ti-J-csâ `uXn-I-i-cocw Imªn-c-¸-ffnkztZin Ip«-¸³mb-cm-bn-cp¶p N{µ-ti-J-cs hm-´-c-§-fn-emWv kwkvI-cn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. HcpZoÀL-Imew sIm-p S¶v Nn«-h-«-§Ä ]Tn-¸n-¨-Xv. Imc-W-h-cpsS F¶ t]mse N{µ-ti-J-csâ tij- Fw. `mkvI-c-ta-tm³ 1973 Pq¬ 21 v N{µ- {In-b-IÄ Xncp-m-hm-bbn S-¯n. `uXn-Im-h-in-ti-J-cs XrÈq-cn-se-¯n-¨p. ]n¶oSv _me-ap-Ipµ jvS-¯nsâ Hcwiw {Xnth-Wn-bn Hgp-¡n. FÃm{SÌv B- b psS DS- a - Ø m- h - I miw Gsä- S p- ¯ p. hÀjhpw -C-Shw H¶nv N{µ-ti-J-c³ Ap-kva-c-A¡m-e¯v N{µ-ti-J-c³ BMT F¶ t]cn-emWv W-Zn--ambn B-t{]-an-IÄ BN-cn-¡p-¶p.Adn- b - s ¸- « n- c p- ¶ - X v. 1982 G{]n 28mWv tIc-f-¯nse FÃm {][m--s¸« ]qc-§Ä¡pwN{µ-ti-J-cs Xncp-h-¼mSn t£{X-¯n S-bn-cp- DÕ-h§Ä¡pw N{µ-ti-Jcsâ km¶n²yw An-hm- - -¯n-b-Xv. Xncp-h-¼mSn tZh-kz-¯nsâ Cu sIm¼³ cy-am-bn-cp-¶p. Xr¸q-Wn-¯pd DÕ-hw, D{Xm-fn-¡mhv28 XhW XrÈqÀ ]qc- ¯ n ]s¦- S p- ¡ p- I bpw ]qcw, s½md hçnthe, Ccn-§ym-e¡pS DÕhw -AXn 27 XhW `K-h-Xn-bpsS tImew FSp¡pI- apX-emb FÃm DÕ-h-§Ä¡pw N{µ-ti-Jc³ XnS-bpw sNbv X n- « p- - v . t¼- ä n- b n- « p- - v . 64
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 KP-cXvw KP-cm-P³ Kpcp-hm-bqÀ ]ß-m-`³ KP-cm-P³ Kpcp-hm-bqÀ ¶-Ån-¸p-Nn-«-IÄ C{X-b-[nIw tIi-hp-tijw C{X-b[nIw - - lrZn-kvX-am-¡n-bn-«pÅ asäm- ssZhoI ]cn-thjw In«nb cm C¶v Pohn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶n-Ã. thsd Hcp B- b p- - m - h n- à . ]ß- m- ` s F¶pw B-t{]-an-IÄ ]ß-m-`s {]kn-²-m-¡n-bn-«p-ÅXv Kpcp- ssZh-¯nsâ kz´w B-bm- hm-bq-c-¸sâ Ap-{K-l-amWv bn- « mWv IW- ¡ m- ¡ p- ¶ - X v . C¶v ]ß-m-`s Fgp-¶-Ån- ne-¼qÀ ImSp-I-fn n¶pw ¡p- h m³ th- n ]qc- ¡ - ½ - ä n- ]nSn-¡-s¸« Ip«n sIm¼s ¡mÀ aÕ-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv. 1994 50 hÀj- § Ä¡v ap¼v Hä- ¸mew hn. sI. {_tZgv k v  me-]¯n Hcm-bncw cq]- BWv Kpcp-hm-bq-cn S-bn- bv¡pw, 2000  Fgp-]¯n cp-¯n-b-Xv. tIi-hsâ XW- A¿m- b ncw cq]- b v ¡ p- a mWv en hfÀ¶ ]ß-m-`³ tIc- ]ß-m-`s s½md thev¡v f- ¯ nse DÕh Nn«- I Ä _p¡v sNbvXXv. CXv F¶m - s]s«¶v Xs¶ hi-¯m-¡n. 2004  2;22,222/þ cq]-bn amXwK eoe-bn ]cm-aÀin- hs¶¯n n¡p-¶p. ]ß- ¨n- « pÅ Gsd- ¡ psd FÃm m-`sâ G¡-Xp-I-bnse Cu e£- W - § fpw ]ß- m- ` p hfÀ¨ km[m- c - W - ¡ m- c mb kz´-am-Wv. ne-¯n-g-bp¶ ]qc-¡½än-¡mÀ¡v Hcp Xncn- Xp¼nss¡ sXdn¨ hmbp-Ipw- ¨- S n- b m- b n- c n- ¡ p- I bmWv. `w, apdw t]mse henb sNhn-IÄ CsXÃmw ]ß- s·m-d-bnse Ign-ª- hÀjs¯ G¡ XpI Hcp m-`sâ e£-W-§-fm-Wv. ]ß-m-`sâ BsIbpÅ kÀÆ-Ime sdt¡mÀUm-Wv. CXns t`Zn-¡m³ asäm- A`wKn Ahsâ Iq«p sIm¼p-I-fm-Wv. ]ß-m-`sâ cm-bv¡v km[n- ¡ ptam F¶v kwi- b n- t ¡- - n - b n- c n- biÊv hmtmfw DbÀ¯n-bXv km£m Kpcp-hm- ¡p-¶p. Kpcp-hm-bqÀ ]ß-m-`³ DÕh ]d-¼p-I- bq-c-¸sâ km¶n²yw Xs¶-bm-Wv. fpsS Inco-Shpw sNt¦mepw h¨ cmPmhv Xs¶-bmWv Kpcp-hm-bqÀ ]ß-m-`sâ Hcp khn-ti-jX F¶v ]ß-m-`sâ Bcm-[-IÀ A`n-{]m-b-s¸-Sm-dp--v. Ahsâ kz`m-h-am-Wv. CXp-hsc Bscbpw D]-{Z- Kpcp-hm-bqÀ tIi-h-p-tijw GIm-Zin Znhkw hn-¡m¯ ]ß-m-`³ ]qcw Ie¡n B-IÄ¡v Kpcp-hm-bq-c-¸sâ kzÀ®-t¡mew Gäp-hm-pÅ F¶pw Hcp amXr-I-bm-Wv. Kpcp-hm-bqÀ B¯d- `mKyw ]ß- m- ` - mWv D- m - b - X v . hm-«nse Ct¸m-gs¯ Imc-W-h-cmb ]ß-m-`³ 64 hbÊv ]n¶n-«p. Cu {]mb-¯nepw buh--¯nsâ 50 hÀj-ambn Hcp D]m-k t]mse Kpcp-hm- Npdp-Np-dp-t¡msS tImew Gän n¡p¶ ]ß-m- bq- c - ¸ s tkhn¨p hcp¶ ]ß- m`sâ tkh- `³ B-t{]-an-IÄ¡v Hcp Bthiw Xs¶-bm-Wv. s¯ amn¨v Kpcp-hm-bpÀ tZhkzw Cu hÀjw tIc- f - ¯ nse FÃm {][m- - s ¸« Fgp- ¶ - Å n- ¸ p- KP- c Xv w ]pc- k v I mcw ÂIn BZ- c n- ¡ p- I - b p- - m - IÄ¡pw XnS-t¼-äp-hm-pÅ `mKyw ]ß-m-`p kn²n- bn. cm[m-Ir-jvW-mWv ]ß-m-`sâ Ct¸m-gs¯ ¨n- « p- - v . XnS¼v inc- Ê n- t e- ä n- b m F{X aWn- ¡ qÀ ]m¸m³. Gsd-¡psd FÃm e£-W-sam¯ Cu KP- thW-sa-¦nepw Xe DbÀ¯n ]nSn¨p n¡p-hm- cm-P³, Kpcp-hm-bq-c-¸sâ {]Xn-cq-]-ambn F¶pw pÅ ]ß-m-`sâ Ignhv Akm-[m-cm-W-am-Wv. Fgp- B t{]an-I-fpsS a-Ên IpSn sImÅpw. 65
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 ]pcp-jm-c-§-fpsS {]nb-¦-c³ ‘KtPm-¯-a³’ ]md-ta-¡mhv {io]-c-ta-iz-c³ ]qc-§-fpsS ]qc-amb XrÈqÀ]q-c-¯nv ]md- Xe-bp-bÀ¯n ]nSn¨p n¡p-hm-pÅ `mKy-ap-ta-¡mhv `K-h-Xn-bpsS XnS-t¼-äp¶ {io. ]c-ta- - m - b n. _olm- d nse ssht¡mepw ]pÃpw am{Xwiz-cs ssZhoI k¦Â¸-¯nsâ {]Xn-cq-]-am-bn- Xn¶p ioen¨ IrjvW-tKm-]m-env tIc-f-¯nse«mWv B t{]an-IÄ IW-¡m-¡p-¶-Xv. KP-ta-f- ]-¼-«-bpw, BbqÀthZ Huj-[-§fpw ]pXnb Hc-I- f nepw DÕ- h - § fnepw {]Xy£ KW- ] Xn p- ` - h - a m- b n. Irjv W - t Km- ] m FSp- ¯ p- h ¨k¦Â¸-¯n Cu KP-cm-P³ h¨v ]qPn-¡-s¸-Sp- sIm¼s t]mse hfÀ¶p. ]s£ AXp- a qew¶p. D¯-tc-´y³ h-ta-J-e-I-fn n¶pw IpSn-tb- d n- b h- mWv Cu KP- c m- P ³. P·w sIm- v_olm- d n- b m- s W- ¦ nepw IÀ½w sIm- v ]c- t a- i z-c³ tIc-fo-b-m-Wv. _olm-dnÂn¶pw tIc-f-¯n-te¡v ]c-ta-iz-cs sIm-p-h-¶Xv hS-¡m-t©-cn-bn-ep-ff _memPn{S-Ìm-Wv. D{Xm-fn-¡mhv ]qc-¯nv hS-¡m-t©cn hn`m-K-¯n-mbn Fgp-¶-f-fn-¡p-hm³ kz´-ambn Hcm-sb hm§m- mbn cq]w sIm- - X mWv Cu {SÌv .cma- mY A¿À tXrXzw ÂInb Cu {SÌvBsb hm§phm-pff Npa-Xe G¸n-¨Xv kn.F. tatm-s-bmWv. 1979 se tkm¬]qÀ KP-ta-f-bn n¶pw GI-tZiw 30,000/-þ cq] ÂIn-bmWvtatm³ ]c-ta-iz-cs kz´-am-¡n-b-Xv. Hcp Tm¡p-dnsâ DS-a-Ø-X-bn-em-bn-cp¶ Bsb 6 cm¸-I-ep-IÄ sIm- - m Wv tdmUp- a mÀ¤w {S¡- d n tIc- f - ¯ n-se-¯n-¨-Xv. _olm-dn n¶pw hS-¡m-t©-cn¡ph¶n-d-§nb Bbv¡v m«p-ImÀ IrjvW-tKm-]mÂF¶ t]cn-«p. C¶v tIc-f-¯nse B-t{]-an-I-fpsSI®n-ep-®n-bmbn hkn-¡p-t¼mÄ ]c-ta-iz-csâ `qX-Imew Ah-K-W--bp-tSbpw ]oU--§-fp-tSbpw Zn-§-fm-bn-cp-¶p. XrÈqÀ ]qc-¯nv Xncp-h¼mSn hn`m-K¯n-mbn - -Iq«-¯n IrjvWtKm-]m-en-tbpw Fgp-¶Ån-¡W- - - -sa¶ A`yÀ°--bp-ambn sN¶ kn. F. tatmv ]md-ta-¡mhv {io ]c-ta-iz-c³]s£ kz´w X«-I¡mcpsS ]cn-lm-k-amWv e`n-¨-Xv. A¶v Gä mW-t¡-Snv {]Xn-Im-csa-¶h®w ]c- - - Ahsâ kz`m-h-¯nepw amäw h¶p. CS-bv¡nsSta-iz-cv ]n¶oSv ]md-ta-¡mhv hn`m-K-¯nsâ XnS- CSªv mi jvS-§Ä hcp-¯p-hm³ XpS-§n.t¼-äp-Im-c-mbn Xncp-h-¼m-Sn-¡m-cpsS tÀ¡p-tÀ mi jvS-§Ä¡v jvS-]-cn-lmcw ÂIp-hm³ 66
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005henb Hcp XpI Xs¶ sNe- h - g n- t ¡- - n - h - ¶ p. 1987 D- m - I s« F¶v {io]qÀ®- { X- b o- i - t mSpw Xma- c w-tNäp-h-tÀ¨-bv¡n-S-bn CSª B Xncp-h-¼mSn Ip-f-§c {io[À½-im-kvXm-hn-tmSpw {]mÀ°n¨pIp«n-i-¦cs D´n Imb-en Cd-¡n. 1989 Pp-hcn sImÅp-¶p.18 mWv IrjvW-tKm-]m-ensâ hniz-cq]w P-§ÄI- - X v . ]Å- ¯ mw- I p- f - § c DÕhw Ignªv B-IÄ aS-§p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. sNdmbn skâ v tacokvNÀ¨np kao]w h¨v bmsXmcp {]tIm- ] - hpwIqSmsX ap¼n t]mhp- I - b m- b n- c p¶ tKm]m- e ³F¶ Bsb Ip¯n- a - e À¯n. Ae- d n- h n- f n- ¨ p- s Im- v]mª- S p¯ Irjv W - t Km- ] m- e nsâ hniz- c q]w I- vP§Ä mep-]mSpw HmSn. Cf-hÅn tKm]n ]Wn-¡-cpsS B-bm-bn-cp¶p tKm]m-e³. Cu hI-bnÂe£- § Ä jv S - ] - c n- l mcw ÂtI- n h¶ _memPn{SÌv IrjvW-tKm-]m-ens hn¡p-hm³ Xocp-am-n-¨p. A¡m-e-¯mWv ]md-ta-¡m-hp-ImÀ X§Ä¡vFgp- ¶ - Å n- ¡ p- h m³ kz´- a mbn Bsb hm§p-hm³ Xocp-am-n-¨-Xv. IrjvW-tKm-]mens t_m[n¨]md- t a- ¡ m- h p- I mÀ Ahs hm§p- I bpw ]n¶oSv]md-ta-¡mhv {io ]c-ta-iz-c³ F¶v ma-I-cWwsN¿p-Ibpw sNbvXp. tZi-¯m-im-mb Ipdp-¸mÄamjnsâ Ap-hm-Z-t¯msS ]md-ta-¡m-hnse {]Xn-jvTm-Zn--¯nsâ A¶v S-bn-cp-¯n. AÛp-X-sa-¶-h®w ]n¶oSv {io]-c-ta-iz-c³bmsXmcp {]iv hpw krjv S n- ¨ n- « n- à . Gsd- ¡ psdFÃm e£-W-§fpw H¯n-W-§nb {io]-c-ta-iz-cv50 hb- Ê nv apI- f n {]mb- a p- - v . 10 ASn- t bmfw Db-cw, hoWv FSp¯ sIm¼p-IÄ, sXfnª aZ-Kn-cn,Dd-¸mÀ¶ Imep-IÄ, cmP-Iob {]uVn-tbm-sS-bpÅDbÀ¶ n¸v FÃmw {io]-c-ta-iz-cv kz´w. 17hÀj-t¯m-f-ambn tKm]n-X-s¶-bmWv ]c-ta-iz-csâH¶mw N«- ¡ m- c ³. 15 hÀjs¯ o- tkh- s¯ ]md-ta-¡mhv {io ]c-ta-iz-c³amn¨v Ignª ]qc- ¯ nv ]c- t a- i z- c s‘K-tPm-¯-a³’]pc-kvImcw ÂIn BZ-cn-¡p-I-bp--m-bn. Im©n-Im-a-tImSn aTm-[n-]-Xn-bn n¶p-amWv{io]-c-ta-iz-c³ Cu ]pc-kvImcw Gäp-hm-§n-b-Xv.Cn hcpw hÀj-§-fnepw FÃm ]qc-§Ä¡pw XnS-t¼- ä p- h m- pÅ Ap- { Klw {io]- c - t a- i z- c v MvfãeBxòªaleJgcgú vfJcen, bfäTgbãxh¥x Sÿfb vëègbez Y©pv~ägsë mueãmukjC~W ùhlrìfòªgskeúgÿg. 67
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005]qc-¸-d-¼p-I-fpsS AXn-Im-b-I³þsX¨n-t¡m-«p-Imhv cma-N-{µ³ Kpcp-hm-bqÀ ]ß-m-`s ]qc-]-d-¼p-I-fn sh¦n-Sm-{Zn-bpsS ZuÀ`m-Kyhpw sX¨n-t¡m-«p-Im-hp-An-hm-cy-m-¡p-¶Xv ssZhoI ]cn-th-jam-sW-¦n - Im-cpsS `mKy-hp-sa¶h®w cma-N-{µ³ ]qc-]-d-¼p-cma-N-{µs An-hm-cy-m-¡p-¶Xv Ahsâ BIm- I- f psS Ahn- ` m- P y- L - S - I - a mbn amdn. cma- N - { µ³chpw AwK {]XywK e£W kuIp-am-cy-hp-am-Wv. IqSp-X {]ikvXn tSp-¶Xv Hcp kz]v-k-am--B-t{]-an-I-fp-tSbpw ]qc-]-d-¼p-I-fp-tSbpw tcmam- amb kw`-h-¯n-eq-sS-bm-Wv. Hcn-¡Â H¶mw N«-©-amWv Cu AXn-Im-bI³. tIc-f¯n Db-capÅ - - - ¡m-csâ ]oV--§Ä kln-¡m-m-hmsX CSªB- I - f n I- w - ¼ pÅn _me- m- c m- b - W - p- t ijw cma-N-{µ³ HmSn Hcp hmÀ¡ sI«n-S-¯nsâ apI-c- m w Ømw hln- ¡ p- ¶ Xv cma- N - { µ- m- W v. fn Ib-dn. Ib-dn-I-gn-ª-t¸m-fmWv Xn¡p ]änb_olmÀ h-§-fpsS ioX-f-Om-b-bn kz´w Iq«p- A_²w cma- N - { µ³ a- Ê n- e m- ¡ n- b - X v . XnsbImsc Dt]-£n¨v tIcf a®nse DÕ-h-]-d-¼p-I-fn- Xmsg Cd-§m³ km[n-¡msX `b¶p n¶ cma-N-te¡v ]dn¨p amä-s¸« Cu KP-cm-P³ ImgvN-bnepw {µs ]n¶oSv ss{Ibn³ (Crane) D]tbmKn-¨mWvDb-c-¯nepw A{K-K-Wy-m-Wv. XrÈqcn--Sp¯v t]cm- Xmsg Cd-¡n-b-Xv. ]Àh-Xm-Im-c-mb cma-N-{µ³aw-Kew sX¨n-t¡m-«p-Imhv tZh-kz-¯nsâ sFiz-cyhpw A´-Êp-amWv cma-N-{µ³. Hcp B-bn-eqsSC{X-b-[nIw {]ikvXn tSnb asämcp t£{XhpwtIc-f-¯n-en-Ã. CS-¡p-¶n-bnse D®n-tb-«-mWv cma-N-{µs_olm-dn n¶pw Rmäp-th-ebpsS m«n-te-s¡-¯n- -¨-Xv. _olm-dn n¶pw temdn-bn-emWv cma-N-{µ³tIc-f-¯n-te¡v h¶-Xv. ]n¶oSv B-hym-]m-cn-bmbsh¦n-Sm-{Zn-bpsS ssIbn-se-¯n. A¡m-e¯v cma-N-{µv ImgvN-bn FSp¯p ]d-b-¯¡ bmsXmcpkhn-ti-j-X-Ifpw D-m-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. GI-tZiw 7 ASn-tbmfw Db- c - a p- - m - b n- c p¶ cma- N - { µs sX¨n- t ¡m-«p-Im-hp-ImÀ hm§p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. `à-P--§Ä]ncn-hn«v taSn¨ cma-N-{µv scm¡w 40,000/-þ cq]-bmWv ÂIn-b-Xv. ]n¶o-S-t§m«v FÃm-h-tcbpwsR«n¨p sIm- v cma- N - { µ³ h¨Sn h¨Sn hfÀ¶p.Hcp kok-Wn 120  ]cw ]qc-§fn ]s¦-Sp-¡p¶ cma-N-{µ³ GsXmcp ]qc-I-½n-än¡pw lc-am-Wv. km[m-cW KXn-bn A¼ew hnI-kn-¨-Xnptijw Bsb hm§p-I-bmWv ]Xn-sh-¦n cma-N-{µsâ Imcy-¯n tsc hn]-co-X-am-Wv. cma-N-{µsâ hcp-am--¯n n¶v t£{X-¯n-mbn Hcp BUn-täm-dn-bw, cma-N-{µv k©-cn-¡p-hm-mbn Hcp temdn F¶nh hm§n. IqSmsX Hcp sX¨n-t¡m«v Imhv cma-N-{µ³Ip«n sIm¼- s - I qSn kz´- a m- ¡ m³ km[n- ¨ p. 68
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005Ib-dn-bn«pw XI-cm-Xn-cp¶ hmÀ¡ sI«nSw ]Wn-sNbvX tIm¬{Sm-IväÀ¡v CtXmsS t]cpw {]i-kvXn-bp- a m- b n. sI«nSw D- m - ¡ p- h m³ D]- t bm- K n¨ knaâ vI¼-n-¡mÀ CXv Hcp ]c-ky-am-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp. tIc-f-¯nse Gähpw iàpw `oamIm-c-p-ambcma- N - { µv {]i- k v X n- s ¡m¸w th- p - t hmfw Ip{]-kn- ² nbpw D- v . Iq«m- - I p- ¯ nsâ {]h- W X {]I- S n-¸n-¡m-dpÅ cma-N-{µ³ 1999 XrÈq-cn--Sp¯v HcpFgp- ¶ - Å n- ¸ n- n- S - b n Xncp- h - ¼ mSn N{µ- t i- J sIp¯n IpSÂame ]pd- ¯ n- S p- I - b p- - m - b n. arX- { ]m-W- mbn InS¶ N{µ- t i- J - c s amk- § - t fmfw o- p -n¶ hnZKv [ NnIn- Õ - b n- e q- s S- b mWv Pohn- X - ¯ n-te¡p Xncn- ¨ p- s Im- - p - h - ¶ - X v . A¶v cma- N - { µsât{Im[-¯np ap¼n XrÈqÀ Kcn H¶msI tX§p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. N{µ-ti-J-csâ ]pÀP·w cma-N-{µv`mKy-am-bn. CXp-aqew sIme-bmfn F¶-t]cv Xn¡vhogm-Xn-cn-¡p-hm³ km[n-¨p. ]s£ CtXmsS cma-N-{µv XrÈqÀ ]qchpw ]qc--K-cn-bpsS Bc-h-§fpwnjn-[y-am-bn. cma-N-{µsâ hnIr-Xn-IÄ Ap-ZnwhÀ²n¨p sIm- n - c p- ¶ p. Xtâ- S n- b mb cma- N - { µsAS-¡m³ Hcp hgn-tb-bpÅp F¶p a-Ên-em-¡nbA¶s¯ ]m¸m³ cma- N - { µsâ het¯ I®vASn¨p s]m«n-¨p. C¶v tIc-f-¯nse FÃm aÕ-c-]q-c-§-fp-tSbpwapSnNqSm-a-¶-mbn hmgp¶ cma-N-{µ³ A£-cmÀ°- sX¨n-t¡m«v Imhv cma-N-{µ³ s·mdþh-çn the Fgp-¶-Ån-¸n¯n Hcp KP-cm-P³ Xs¶-bm-Wv. N¡p-a-c-tÈcn]qcw, sNdmbn ]qcw, ]mÀ¡mSn ]qcw, Nocw-Ip-f-§c ]qcw apX-emb FÃm ]qc-§Ä¡pw hÀj-§-tfm-f-ambn hnP-bn-¡p¶Xv cma-N-{µ³ Xs¶-bm-Wv._olmcn-bm-sW-¦nepw Hcp mS³ B-bpsS e£-W- s aÃmw cma- N - { µ- p- - v . 69
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 n§Ä¡-dn-bmtam ? k¼m-Z-I³ : {io. hn. IrjvW-mYv1. 320 Hmfw cm Dbcw Dff It- - ¼ - f fn _mem- 10. Hcp B-bpsS ico-c-¯n ‘107’ aÀ½Øm- m-cm-b-W³ BWv Gjy-bnse Xs¶ Gähpw §Ä D-v. Dbcw IqSnb m«m-. 11. ZoÀL-tcw n¡m³ Ign-hp-ff arK-amWv2. B Xe DbÀ¯n ]nSn¨p n¡p-¶-Xns B. Zom- h - Ø - b n 18 amkw hsc n¶- ‘nehv’F¶mWv ]d-bp-¶-Xv. n¸n XpSÀ¶ B Xr¸q-Wn-¯p-d-bn D-m- bn-cp-¶p.3. B-I-fpsS kwØmw F¶-dn-b-s¸-Sp¶ tIc- f-¯n Ct¸mÄ GI-tZiw ‘600’ Hmfw B-IÄ 12. `mc-X¯n KP-¯n-p-ff {]m[myw hfsc hep- D- v . Ah- b n Npcp- § n- b Xv 80% sIm¼³ B- Xm-Wv. NmW-Iy³ Xsâ AÀ°-im-kv{X-¯n I-fm-Wv. KP-h[w S-¯p-¶-bmÄ¡v h[-in£ ÂI-W- sa-¶mWv {]Xn-]m-[n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv.4. sIm¼³ B-bpsS icm-icn `mcw 3.5 þ 5 S¬ BsW-¶n-cn-s¡, ]nSn-bm--bpsS icm-icn `mcw 13. aZ-¸mSv Ime¯v Hen-¨n-cn-¡p¶ Nne B-I-fp 2.5 þ 3.5 S¬ BWv. sS aZ- P - e - ¯ nv ]qh³]gw, Ggn- e w- ¸ m- e , Xmac XpS-§nb GXnsâsb¦nepw dp-aWw5. B-bpsS ap³Im-ep-Isf ‘S’ F¶pw, ]n³Im- D- m Ipw. ]qh³ ]g- ¯ nsâ aW- a mWv aZ- P - e - epI-sf ‘Aacw’ F¶pamWv hnti-jn-¸n-¡p-I. ¯n F¦n {_mÒ-W-Ip-ePmX-mWv B6. Hcp B-bpsS Dbcw F¶Xv S-sXm«v Ccn-¡- F¶v ]d-b-s¸-Sp-¶p. Ømw hsc-bm-Wv. S-bpsS Npä-f-hnsâ Cc-«n- 14. B-IÄ sNhn-bm-«p-¶-Xns tafm-kzm-Z--am-bn- bm-bn-cn¡pw B-bpsS Dbcw. «mWv ImgvN-ImÀ sXän-²-cn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. hmkvX-7. B-bpsS {]mbw IW-¡m-¡m³ AXnsâ sNhn- h-¯n hfsc hen-¸-ap-ff kz´w ico-c-¯nsâ bpsS aS¡v {i²n-¨m aXn. Hcnt©mfw sNhn- Xm]- n- e - { I- a o- I - c n- ¡ p- ¶ - X nv th- n - b mWv bpsS apIÄ`mKw aS- ¡ n- « ps- ¦ n B B- hnbÀ¸v {KÙn-IÄ t¶ Ipd-hp-ff B-IÄ bv¡v 32þ35 hbÊv IW-¡m-¡mw. sNhn-bm-«p-¶-Xv.8. Hcp Znhkw Hcp B 200þ250 enäÀ shffw IpSn¡pw. Bbv ¡ v AXnsâ Xp¼n-ss¡-bn 6þ7 enäÀ Pew kw`-cn- ¡m³ Ign-bpw. Nne B-IÄ¡v 10 enäÀ hscbpw.9. 252 FÃp-IÄ BWv Hcm--bpsS ico-c- ¯n Df-f-Xv. F¶m B-bpsS Xp¼n- ss¡-bn am{X-ambn 1 e£w t]in-IÄ D-v. 70
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 XXv Xzw Akn AXv o BIp¶p sI. kn. tPmÀÖv am-kw, am-hÀ-þ-Hcp hni-J-ew Xs¶. kI-eXpw ap-jysâ nÀÆ-Nw am{X-am- PohnXw Cuiz-c-m-Wv. Cuiz-cp hne-I¸n- Wv . mw FSp- ¯ p- s h- b v ¡ p¶ Hmtcm Nph- S pw, ¡m-sX-bp-ff, Pohn-X-¯nsâ hnip-²n Xn«-s¸-Sp-¯m- AXnp ]n¶nse iàn-, a-l-¯mb Cu ktµ-i- sX- b p- f f Pohn- X w, AXv NnIªp Is- - ¯ p- I - am-sW¶v Adn-bp-hm-p-ff ka-b-hpw, kµÀ`hpw bmWv C¶s¯ Bh-iy-I-X. ImW-s¸-Sp-¶-h-bpw, Ime- ¯ nsâ khn- t i- j - X - b m- W v. imkv{Xw ImW-s¸-Sm-¯-hbpw am-h-cmin DÄs¸-Sp¶ {]]- A[À½-am-Wv. (Intellectual abilities of man) Hcp hy- ©-L-S Cuiz-c-m-Wv. kv{Xo Ag-Inp am-Z- àn-bpsS icm-icnBbp-kv, P-hpw ac-Whpw WvUam-sW-¦n Cuiz-c³ Pohn-X-am-Ip¶ t^mÀap- X½n-ep-ff CS-th-f-bmWv Pohn-Xw, AXv 100  e-bm-Wv. PohnXw Zpcp-]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯m-p-f-f-X-Ã. tase-bm-Wv. PohnXw lrkzhpw Zp:JI-c-hp-am-¡n- kIe aX-§-fp-sSbpw B]vX hmIyw, thZ hmIyw XoÀ¯Xv imkv{X-am-Wv. (especially Medical Sci- þ Essence of What we think of ‘‘DEVINE’’ AXv ‘XXv ence) imkv{X-¯nsâ anI-hm-Wv Ncn{Xw (upto Xzw Akn’ F¶ al-¯mb ktµ-i-amWv. kI-e-Xn- date)AXn n¶v Dcp-Xncn-bp-¶Xv ]pcp-j-m-Wv. sâbpw Bg-hpw, AÀ°-hym-]vXnbpw al-¯mb ssZw-Zn--hmÀ¯-IÄ ]pcpjs IqSp-X IqSp- Cu ktµ-i-am-Wv. Bßmhv/Poh³ {]Xy-£-X-bn- X ]cnP-b-s¸-Sp¯n hcp-¶-Xm-Wv. Man repre- ep-ff Cuiz-csâ Nn{X-amWv. AXv Zriy-sa-t¶m, sents........................... AZr-iy-sa-t¶m, k¦-ev]-sa-t¶m, hnizm-k-sa-t¶m, XXv Xzw Akn AXns t]cp sNmÃn hnfn-¡mw. ImgvN iàn- bpÅhÀ¡v am{Xta Bßm-hnv/Pohs I¬Ip- o shfn-¨-am-Ip-¶p. s]m¶-¼-e-ta-«n sXfn- fnÀs¡ ImWm³ Ign-bp-I-bp-f-fq. cmPyw sh«n-]n- bp¶ Zo]w, aI-c-tPymXn Cuiz-c-m-Wv. Xs¶ Sn-¡p¶ hy{K-X-bn-emWv kI-e-cpw. HmSp¶ mbv¡v ImWm³, ZÀiw Im¯p-I-gn-bp-¶, {hXw FSp¯v Ac apgw o«n Fdn-bpI F¶ ImgvN-¸m-Sn-emWv F¯n-bn-«p-ff At-Im-bn-c§Ä¡v `K-hm³ ZÀiw - kIe {]Øm--hpw. PohnXw [y-am-¡m-p-ff ÂIp-¶-XmWv þ shfn-¨-am-bv, Zo]-am-bv, tPymXn-bm- X{´-¸m-Sn-emWv temI PX apgp-hpw. P-Po-hnXw - bv CXv al-¯mb kw`-h-am-Wv. A´ÀtZ-iobXe- kpK-a-am-¡p-hm³ Bßo-b-X-bpsS sImSn¡ogn ¯n henb {]m[myw ÂtI- - X mb al- ¯ mb AWn-n-c-¶n-«p-ff Hcp {]Øm--¯npw Bh¯n- Cu kw`hw aX-]-c-amb N«-¡q-«n HXp-§n-n¶p Ã. Btcm-Ky-sa-´m-sW¶v C¶pw sshZy-im-kv{X- hcp-¶p. {]]-©-L-S--bpw, {]]-©-c-l-ky-§fpw ¯nv AÚmX- a m- W v . AXp- t ]mse PohnXw HXp§n n¡p¶ Cu ktµiw kIe Ncm-N-c- F´ns B{i- b n- ¨ n- c n- ¡ p¶p F¶v aX- t - X m- §Ä¡pw Poh-p-ff kI-e-Xn-sâbpw {]tXy-In¨v ¡Ät¡m, aX ]WvUnX³amÀt¡m Bßo-bXbpsS - - am-h-cm-in-bpsS ASn-Øm t^mÀap-e-bm-Wv. Cu t]cn Adn-b-s¸-Sp¶ BÀ¡pw Xs¶ Adn-b-¯n- t^mÀap-e-bn n¶v PohnXw Dcp-¯n-cn-bp-¶p. XXv Ã. F¶m XXv Xzw Akn F¶ al-¯mb ktµiw Xzw Akn Blzmw sN¿p-¶-Xv, al-¯mb Cu KWn-s¨-Sp-¯mÂ, KWn-s¨-Sp-¡p-hm³ Ign-ªm ktµiwþo Bsc tXSp-¶p-thm, o Bsc Atz- kI-e-Xnpw D¯-c-am-Wv. GOD IS THE ANSWER jn-¡p-¶p-thm, AXv obm-Ip-¶p. i_-cn-ae k¶n- FOR ALL. AXnsâ hnhÀ¯w BWv XXv Xzw [n-bn kzÀ®-en-]n-I-fn FgpXn {]ZÀin-¸n-¨n«p- Akn F¶ al-¯mb ktµ-iw. P--hpw, ac- ff Cu ktµiw hmbn-¡p-hm-pw, {Kln-¡p-hm-pw, Whpw X½n-ep-ff CS-th-f-bmWv al¯mb Cu Bcpw Xs¶ A`y-kvXhn-Zy-cÃ. k¶n-[n-bn XSn¨p - - ktµ-iw. Cu CS-th-f-bn Cuiz-c³ shfn-¨-ambv IqSp¶ P-k-ap-{Zhpw temI-hpw, CXnsâ [zn kIeXn-tbpw ]n´p-Scp-Ibm-Wv. Cu CS-th-fbn - - - Pohn-X-am-Wv, Zp:Jc-ln-X-hpw, B-µhpw BËm-Z-I- C¯n-¡-®n-t¸mse kI-eXpw ]nSn-Iq-Sp-I-bm-Wv. `c- c- h p- a mb PohnXw kIe sFiz- c y- ¯ n- s âbpw W-L-S-, aXw, hnizmkw, cmjv{Sobw, kI-eXpw. ndª kuµ-cy-am-hp¶ Pohn-Xw, kam-[m--hpw, ssZh-m-a-¯n ]Sp-¯p-bÀ¯n-b-h-bà H¶pw kt´m- j - h pw, kzmX- { ´yhpw Cu ktµiw 71
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005hmKvZmw sN¿p-¶p. hmKvZXz-`q-an-bmWv i_-cn- aXw. hmkvX-h-¯n kIe krjvSn-Ifpw shfn-a- ebpw ]cn-k-c-hpw. Cu ktµiw I®nsâ ImgvN- ¨-am-Wv. ap-jyÀ Cuiz-csâ ]IÀ¸m-I-bm Hcpbn ]n¶n-te¡v hfÀ¶v hym]n¨v a-Ênv F¯n- nan- ¯ - s a- t ¶mWw Cu al- ¯ mb ktµiwtN-cp-hm³ Ign-bp¶ hnZq-c-X-bn Ah cq]hpw ImtXmSp ImtXmcw I¯n-]-S-cp-I-bm-Wv. Cu á-`mhhpw t`-Zhpw amäw kw`-hn¨v tPymXn-bm-bv, Zo]- kXyw AXv Is- - ¯ n- b - h À¡p am{Xta Adn- b q.am-bv, shfn-¨-ambv ZÀiw ÂIp-¶p. á-amb AXnsâ Ag-Ipw, kuµ-cyhpw ZÀin-¡p-hm³ ap-I®p- I Ä sIm- v ImWp- h m³ Ign- b p¶ aq¶v jys sIm- m - h - ¯ n- à . ‘Three in One. shfn-¨-an-hm¡p-I-fn HXp-§p¶ Cu ktµiw {]Im-i-]q- ÃmsX Fs´-¦nepw ImWm³ Ign-bptam? Bcvcn-X-ambv amdp-¶p. CXv Cuiz-csâ {lkz-cq-]-am-Wv. ImWp-¶pthm AXv shfn-¨-am-Wv. F´ns ImWp-aI-c-tPymXn {]`m-X-am-bv, {]`-sNm-cn-bp¶ shfn-¨- ¶pthm AXv shfn-¨-am-Wv. F´v ImWp-¶pthmambv ssZw-Zn Pohn-X-¯n XpS¡w Ipdn-¡p-¶p. AXpw shfn-¨-am-Wv. ‘very very tough to understand.hnkv a - b - I - c - a mb Cu kw`hw am- h - c m- i nsb shfn¨- ¯ m ImWp- ¶ - s XÃmw shfn- ¨ - a m- W v .DWÀ¯nbn«nÃ, am-hcmin DW-cp-Ibp-an-Ã. XXv Xzw - - shfn-¨-amWv FÃmw. hyXykvX cq]-¯n-epw, `mh-Akn UNIVERSAL LAW BWv It is the fundamen- ¯n-epw, t`Z-¯nepw Cuiz-cs {]Xn-n-[o-I-cn¨vtal law. CXn n¶v Pohn-X-hpw, `c-W-L-S--bpw, kI- e Xpw, kI- e cpw ne- s Im- f - f p- ¶ p. shfn- ¨ -PohnX ssien-bpw, Pohn-X-¯nsâ s]mcpfpw Dcp- amWv FÃmw. Cuiz-c-mWv FÃmw. Ahn-iz-k-o-¯n- c n- b p- ¶ p. ap- j ysâ ZuÀ_- e y- X - I - s fÃmw b-amb coXn-bnÂ, hnkva-b-I-c-amb coXn-bn kI-shSnªv shfn-¨-ambv, Úm-am-bv, `qapJw {]Im- eXpw ne-sIm-f-fp-¶p. ap-jy³ CXnv kvacn-¡p-i-]q-cn-Xambv amdp-Isb-¶XmWv Cu ktµ-i¯nsâ - - - - ¶Xv Xmsg ]d-bp¶ {]Im-c-amWv þ BIm-ihpw,[zn. ‘XXv Xzw Akn’, Cu ktµiw aIc tPymXn- `qanbpw kv X pXn- I Ä sIm- v nd- ª n- c n- ¡ p¶bm-bv, kp{]-`m-X-ambv Iem-in-¡p-¶-Xp-t]m-se, ap- _e-hm-mb ssZhw X¼p-cm³ F¶m-Wv. Ccp-«nÂjy³ tsc adn¨v AtX _nµp-hn n¶v ]n¶n- Ign-bp¶ ie-`-§Ä shfn-¨-¯m BIÀjn-¡-te¡v hfÀ¶v AÚ- X - b mbn cq]w {]m]n- ¨ v , s¸-Sp-¶Xp t]mse AÚ-X-bn Ign-bp¶ P-A[À½-ambn amdn-sIm--n-cn-¡p¶ ImgvN, hntcm-[m- ¯n-v, temI P-X¡v ImWp-¶-sXÃmw shfn-¨-`m-k-am-bn, `qan iqy-am-bn-¯o-cp¶ coXn-bn am-I-bm Ah hnkva-b-I-c-am-bn, Ahn-iz-k-o-b-hfÀ¶v, ]SÀ¶v ]´-en¨v BÀ`m-Sam-hp-Ibm-Wv. Man - - amb coXn-bn tXm¶p-I-bm-Wv, tXm ¶n¡p-I-bm-is born and brought up in ignorance Cuiz- c ³ Wv, ImWp-I-bm-Wv. shfn¨w kuµ-cy-am-Wv, Ag-Úm-hpw, am-h-cmin AÚ-X-bpsS Dd-hn-S-hp- Im-Wv, ]qhnsâ kuc-`y-am-Wv, kpK-Ô-am-Wv, a[p-am-Wv. {]`mXw apX kmbmÓw hsc Cuiz-c³ c-am-Wv, AhÀ®-o-b-am-Wv, a[p-c-amb kzc-am-Wv.·-bpsS ^ew Imbv¡p¶ hy{K-X-bn-em-Wv. ap- Cuiz-cs Xncn-¨-dn-bp¶ tPmen, shfn¨w ZÀin-jyv am{Xw shfn¨w ZÀin-¡p-I, ·-bpsS {]Xo- ¡p-hm-p-ff Ign-hv, iàn þ Cu tPmen C{µnb-I-ambv amdp-hm³ Ign-bmsX t]mbXv ap-jysâ b-§Ä sNbvXp hcp-¶p. C{µn-b-§Ä A©-Ã,ZuÀ_-ey-X-I-fm-Wv, a-Ênsâ _e-£-b-amWv. XXv Aªq-d-Ã, A¿m-bn-c-a-Ã. Hcp hr£-¯nsâ a®nvXzw Akn hnfw-_cw sN¿p¶ ktµ-iw I®nsâ tatem-«p-ff `mKw, a®n Iotgm-«p-ff `mKw, ]SÀ¶v,ImgvN-bn a-sÊ-¯p¶ hnZq-c-X-bn F¯n am- ]´-en¨v BÀ`m-S-am-Ip-¶-Xp-t]mse C{µn-b-§Äh-cm-in¡v ZÀiw ÂIpIbmWv aIc tPymXn. ]SÀ¶v ]´-en¨v ico-c-am-k-Iew BÀ`m-S-ambnXXv Xzw Akn kzÀ®-en-]n-I-fn Fgp-Xn-bn-cn-¡p¶ XoÀ¶n-cn-¡p-Ibm-Wv. shfn¨w ZÀin-¡pI am{X-amWv -Cu ktµiw hmbn-¡p-hm³ t]mepw A`y-kvX-hn- Ch-bpsS tPmen. ta hnh-cn¨ hr£w shfn-¨-¯n-Zy-c-à mw. AhnsS XSn¨p IqSp¶ P-k-ap-{Z-¯nv p-th-n Zmln¡pI-bm-Wv. shfn-¨s¯ kqcy-c-ivan-`qan-bn Hcn-S¯pw In«m-¯, e`y-am-Im¯ Hcp sb, `K-hms BIo-cWw sNbvXv ·-bpsS ^ewkphÀ®m- h - k - c - a mWv . aI- c - t Pym- X n, Cuiz- c ³, Imbv¡p¶ hy{K-Xbn-em-Wv. Úm-¯nsâ al-¯z- -temI-P-X apgp-h³ Ah-cpsS `mh--bn ImWp- hpw, alm-ßyhpw (sh-fn-¨w) ap-jysâ ZuÀ_-ey-¶-X-Ã. shfn-¨-amWv Cuiz-c³, XXv Xzw Akn AXv Xbpw, a-Ênsâ _e-£-bhpw F§pw, Hcn-S¯pwobm-Ip-¶p. Cu ktµiw aX-]-c-amb Blzm--a- kwK-an-¡p-I-bn-Ã. Cu {XnthWn kwKaw Akm-²y-Ã, aX-¯nsâ tcmKm-Wp-¡sf nÀ½mÀÖw sN¿p- am-I-bmÂ, A[À½-ambn amdn-sIm--n-cn-¡p¶ temI-I- b mWv al- ¯ mb Cu ktµiw sIm- v Dt±- i n- ¨ n- P--Xsb I-v hne-]n-¡p-I-b-Ãm-sX, hmhn-«p-I-c-bp-cn-¡p-¶Xv. aX-¯nsâ tcmKm-Wp-¡Ä AÚ-Xbn - - I-b-ÃmsX Cu hnj-b-¯nv Hcp ]cn-lm-c-hp-an-Ã.n¶v Dcp-¯n-cn-bp-¶-Xm-Wv. Hcp inip `qPm-X-m-Ip- PohnXw kÀÆ-I-em-imeb-Ã, Ap-`hw D]-im-J-bp-¶-Xp-t]mse AÚ-X-bm-hp¶ h-Pm-X-in-ip-hmWv a-Ã. Ap-`-h-¯n-eqsS Pohn-Xs¯ hne-bn-cp-¯n- 72
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 bm acWw I¬ap- ¼ n ImWm³ Ign- b pw. Cuiz-c³. A§-s-bmWv am-h-cmin al-¯mb AXp Hgn-hm-¡p-¶-XmWv `wKn. Cuiz-cs Adn- Cu ktµiw Adn-bp-hm³ CS-bm-b-Xv. o Bsc hm-bn-«p-f-f-Xp-t]m-se, A[À½-¯m `qan iqy- tXSp-¶p-thm, AXv obm-Ip-¶p. o shfn-¨-am-Ip- amhpw F¶pw Adn- h m- b n- « p- f - f - X m- W v . shfn¨w ¶p. Fs¶ t]m-se. XXv Xzw Akn, al-¯mb {]Xn-`m-k-amWv. Cuizc-m-Wv. A[À½w AÚ- Cu ktµiw DÄs¡m-f-fm³ Ign-bp-¶n-sÃ-¦nÂ, X-bm-Wv. hntcm-[m-`m-k-am-Wv. aI-c-tPym-Xn-ZÀin- Nn´m-hn-j-b-am-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶n-sÃ-¦nÂ, Kth- ¡p-hm³ At-Im-bn-c-§Ä hnip²n-tbmsS F¯n- j- W - h n- j - b - a m- ¡ p- h m³ Ign- b p- ¶ n- s Ã- ¦ n tN-cp-¶-Xnsâ ImcWw Cuiz-c³ hnip²n-bm-b- PohnXw hn^-e-am-Wv, am-h-cm-in-bpsS A´y-am- Xn-m-emWv. shfn-¨-¯nsâ asämcp hI-t`-Z-amWv Wv . aI- c - t PymXn Úm- a m- W v , shfn- ¨ - a mWv hnip²n. Cu hnip-²n-bmWv Pohn--X¯nsâ am- AXnse cl-kyw. Very Very simple but not all simple Z-WvUw. kÀÆIem-ime hnZym-`ym-k-a-Ã. ap-jyv am-h-cm-in-bpsS Nn´-IÄ¡-Xo-X-amWv Cuiz-c³. AXo-X-am-Wn-h-sb-Ãmw. F¶m D¯cw DÅXpw nco-£-W ]co-£W imkv{X-kXyw AXnsâ ]cn- KWn-s¨-Sp-¡-s¸-Sp-¶-h-bp-am-Wv hnip²n. Pohn-X- [n- b n Cuiz- c ³ hcp- ¶ n- à . kI- e Xpw Hcp ¯nsâ hnip²n shfn- s ¸- S p- ¯ p- I - b m- W v aI- c - ]mgv t he am{Xw. ]mgv P ·w ]pÀP- · - a m- b n, tPymXn. Btcm-Kyhpw AgIpw BWv bYmÀ°- ]pÀP·w shfn-¨-am-bv, XXv Xzw Akn Cu al- a-Xw. All creations continues their existance as the ¯mb ktµiw ]pÀP-·-ambv amdp-hm³, Dcp- blazing fun. kqcy³ Hcn-¡epw AkvX-an-¡p-¶n-Ã. ¯n-cn-bp-hm³, cq]-s¸-Sp-hm³ Ign-ªm P·w AXp- t ]mse Xs¶ krjv S n- I - s fÃmw I¯n k^- e - a m- b v . shfn¨w ZÀin- ¡ p- h m³ Ign- b p¶ Pzen¨p {]Im-in¨v ne-sIm-f-fp¶ kqcyv kam-- Hmtcm apJ-hpw, `qapJw {]Im-i-]q-cn-X-am-¡p-hm³ am-Wv. Pw am{Xta Df-fq, ac-W-an-Ã. shfn-¨-amWv Ign-bp¶ hn[w am-h-cm-in¡v Ign-ªmÂ, AXnv Cuiz-c³. A¼-e-hpw, {]Xn-jvTbpw t]mse `qan- th-n temI-P-X apgp-h³ Hä-s¡-«mbn {]hÀ¯n- bpsS D]-cn-Xew A¼ehpw, aI-c-tPymXn AXnse ¨mÂ, al- ¯ mb Cu ktµiw k^- e - a m- I pw, {]XnjvTbpamWv. Cuiz-cs ZÀin¡p-hm³, Cuiz- km£m-XvI-cn-¡-s¸-Spw, PohnXw ]qh-Wn-bpw. am- cs Xncn-¨-dn-bp-hm³, apJm-apJw ImWp-¶-Xnv Hcp h-cm-in-bpsS kz]vw `qPm-X-m-Ip¶ inip¡-fm-Wv, kphÀ®m-h-k-c-amWv aIc tPymXn. ap-jysâ hcpw Xe- a p- d - b m- W v . AhÀ¡pth- n izmi- X - a mb _p²n-iàn-¡pw, Nn´-IÄ¡pw AXo-XamWv Cuiz- - - Hcp PohnXw Is- - ¯ pI Pohn- ¨ n- c n- ¡ p¶ Xe- a p- d - c³. `qan-bpsS DXv]¯n apX Cuiz-cs tXSn-bp- bpsS henb Hcp D¯-c-hm-Zn-¯z-am-Wv, {]Xn-Úm- ff {]bmWw C¶pw XpSÀ¶p- s Im- - n - c n- ¡ p- ¶ p. _-²-cm-Wv. am-h-cm-in-bpsS Bi-bpw, {]Xym-i-bp- AÛp-X-I-c-am-bn, AXn-i-b-I-c-am-bn, hnkva-b- amWv, shfn-¨hpw BWv `qPm-X-m-Ip¶ inip¡- I-cambn ImWp-¶sXÃmw shfn-¨am-Wv. BIm-ihpw - - - fpw, hcpw Xe-ap-dbpw. Cuiz-cs Xncn-¨-dn-bp-¶-Xn- `qanbpw kv X pXn- I Ä sIm- v nd- ª n- c n- ¡ p- ¶ p. ep- ] cn Bkzm- Z y- I - c - a m- b n, BËm- Z - I - c - a mbn krjvSn kI-eXpw am-h-cmin HgnsI kI-eXpw bmsXm¶pw CÃ. AXn-tâ-Xmb `wKn-bpw, Ag-Ipw, Btcm-Kyhpw ne- Cuiz- c s Atz- j n- ¡ p- ¶ - h À¡v ZÀiw nÀ¯n-t]m-cp-¶p. F¶m Ahsb shfn-¨-ambv ÂIp-I-bmWv Ipªp-a-¡Ä km²y-am-hp-¶-Xv. ImWp-hm³ ap-jysâ _p²n-iàn Ahs Ap- Cuiz-cs ZÀin-¡p-hm-p-ff ability aÊnsâ _e- h-Zn-¡p-¶n-Ã. krjvSn kI-eXpw Úm-am-Wv. shfn- am-Wv. shfn-¨amWv Cuiz-c³, AXnsâ cq]hpw `mh- - ¨-amWv AXnsâ cl-kyw. aI-c-tPymXn ÂIp¶ hpw, t`Zhpw hyXykvX kml-N-cy-§-fn hyXy- al- ¯ mb ktµ- i - a m- W v . Cuiz- c ³ ap- j yv kvX-am-sW¶p am{Xw. {]Xn-`mk kz`m-h-ap-ff kI- APvRmX-am-Wv. hnZq-c-X-bn-em-Wv, Nn´-IÄ¡-Xo-X- eXpw Cuiz-c-m-Wv. kIe C{µn-b-§fpw Cuizc- am-Wv, AZr-iy-am-Wv, F¶m am-h-cm-in-bpsS s Xncn-¨-dn-bp-¶-Xn hfsc hfsc Pm{K-X-bm-Wv. ZrjvSn-bn ImgvN-bpsS ]cn-[n-bn shfn-¨-am-bv, Hmtcm-cp-¯-cnepw Cuiz-c³ hkn-¡p-¶p. kI-e-cpw, ktµ-i-ambv F¯n-t¨-cp-¶-Xm-Wv, ZÀiw ÂIp- kI-eXpw Cuiz-cs {]Xn-n-[o-Icn-¡p-¶p. Nobody - ¶- X m- W v , aI- c - t Pym- X n. am{X- a à ap- j y³ Is- - dies Hcp-¯cpw acn-¡p-¶n-Ã. PohnXw Hcp CS-th-f- ¯nb `mj-bn ASn-h-c-bn«v Fgp-Xn-sh-¨p, XXv Xzw bm-Wv, P-hpw ac-Whpw X½n-ep-ff gap, Cu CS- Akn. Cuiz- c s Xs¶ n- ¨ n- c p- ¶ m Hc½ thf Cuiz-cs Xncn¨-dn-bpI F¶ e£y-amWv. Ipªnv ]dªv sImSp-¡p-hm³ sh¼Â sImÅp- PohnXw Enjoy sN¿mp-f-f-Xm-sW-¶p-ff Blzm-- ¶Xp t]mse kI-eXpw ]dªp sImSp-¡p-hm³, am-Wv.- Cu-iz-cs Xncn-¨-dn-bp-hm³ Ign-bp-¶-Xphsc A{X-amXw Pm{K-X-bmWv ap-jysâ Imcy-¯n ap-jysâ AÚX XpS-cpw. shfn¨w ZÀin-¡p- 73
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005hm³ Ign- b p- t ¼mÄ Adn- b - s ¸- S p¶ kIe `mj- th- n X¿m- s d- S p¯v ) ImWp- h m³, {Kln- ¡ p- h m³,Ifpw Ime-l-c-W-s¸-Spw. PmXn, aXw, hÀ®-hn-th- KWn-s¨-Sp-¡p-hm³ a-Ên-em-¡p-hm³ Ign-ª-h-Nw, `c-W-L-S-, `mj kI-eXpw AÀ°-am-Ipw. cn n¶v Úmw Adn-hm-bn. Cuiz-c³ Zriy-am-aI-c-tPymXn ÂIp¶ ktµiw temI PX apgp- bn. Cuiz- c ³ AZr- i y- - à . AZr- i y- a - à . IpSnÂh³ Adn- b p- ¶ - X npw Pohn- X - ¯ nsâ s]mcpÄ Is- - apX sIm«mcw hsc nXy-k-µÀi-I-mWv Cuiz-¯p- h m- p- f f Blzm- - h p- a mWv . am- h - c m- i nsb c³. hc-th¡p-hm³ Bcp-an-Ã. AXpw Cuiz-c³tamNn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn-p-ff, ]m]-hn-ap-à-m-¡p-hm-p- Adn-bp-¶p. ·-am-{X-amWv Cuiz-c³. Xn·-bm-Ip-ff, PohnXw Zp:Jc-ln-X-hpw, B-µhpw BËm-Z-I- hm³ krjvSn H¶n-sbpw Cuiz-c³ Ap-h-Zn-¡p-chpw Bbn-¯o-cp-¶-Xn-p-ff hgn-bpw, Pohpw am- ¶n-Ã. `mj ap-jysâ ZuÀ_-ey-XbmWv, a-Ênsâh- c m- i n¡v Adn- h m- b n- ¡ - g n- ª p. hni- ¡ p- ¶ - h v _e-£-b-am-Wv. acWw F¶ ]Zw `mj am{X-am-Wv.Blm-chpw Cuiz-c³ I¸n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-Xp-t]m-se. `mj Bh-iy-¡m-csâ HuNn-Xy-am-Wv. Cuiz-csâPohn-X-¯nv D]m-[nbpw Cuiz-c³ ]dªv X¶p-I- ssIsh-f-f-bn-emWv kI-e-Xpw, kI-ecpw. krjvSn-gn-ªp. ap-jy³ Xncn-¨-dn-ª-h-sbÃmw Bh-iy- sIm- v kI- e Xpw AXn- i - b - I - c - a m- W v . hnkv a - b - I - c -¡m-cpsS HuNnXyw t]mse-bpffq. PohnXw henb am- W v , BIm- i hpw `qanbpw kv X pXn- I Ä sIm- v nd-A]- I - S - ¯ n- t e¡v , mi- ¯ n- t e¡v krjv S n kI- ªn-cn-¡p¶ ImgvN B a[p-c-kva-c-W-tbmSv hnSeXpw CÃm-bva-bm-hp-¶-Xn-te¡v, Ncn{Xw AXn-thKw ]d-bp-I-bmWv kI-ecpw. AXn-ep-]cn H¶pw ImWp-{]bmWw XpS-cp-I-bm-Wv. hm³ I®nsâ Zrjv S n- ] - Y - ¯ nv Ign- b p- ¶ n- à . F¶pw ]pXp-a. A¶pw C¶pw F¶pw . F¶pw bYmÀ° I®v a- Ê m- s W¶ á- k Xyw Bcp-hnip- ² n. Aip- ² - a m- b - h sb, A[À½- a m- b - h sb, tSbpw Adn- h nÂs]- « n- « n- à . XXv Xzw Akn AXvhntcm-[m-`m-k-am-b-hsb, iz-c-am-b-hsb, CÃmbva hmbn¨v {Kln-¡p-hm³ t]mepw Ai-à-cmWv temI-sN¿p-I-IqSn Cuiz-c³ sNbvXp-h-cp-¶p. shfn-¨- P- - X . ]ns¶ aI- c - t PymXn ÂIp¶ ktµiwamWv kI-e-Xnpw am-Z-WvUw. Pohn-X-¯n-p-t]m- tIÄ¡p- h m³ ap- j yv {ih- W - t i- j n- b pt- m ? oepw. Btcm- K y- h pw, Ag- I pw, _p²n- i - à nbpw Bsc tXSp-¶pthm AXv obm-Ip-¶p. o shfn-¨-Ignhpw Imcy-£-a-Xbpw, kI-e-Xnpw am-ZWvUw am-Ip-¶p. Rm³ n¡v ZÀiw ÂIp¶ thf-shfn-¨-am-Wv. krjvSn kIeXpw kqcys t]mse, bn t]mepw Fs¶ ImWphm³ n¡v Ign-bn-Ã.Cuiz-cs t]mse ne sImf-fp-I-bm-Wv. H¶npw ap-jysâ Cu _e-£bw kÀÆ mi-¯npw CS-ac- W - a n- à . H¶pw acn- b v ¡ n- à . ]pXp- a - b pw, hnip- bm-Wv. hr£-§-fpsS Ce sImgn-bp-¶Xp t]mse-²nbpw, [À½-hpw, A-iz-c-Xbpw kI-eXpw, {]Xn- tb- b p- f fp acWw. PohnXw F¶ ]Z- ¯ nsâ`m-k-kz-`m-hw, ssien ne-nÀ¯p-¶-Xnv _m²y- Bghpw AÀ°-hym-]vXn-bpw. A½þIdp-¼n, tamfpØ-cm-Wv, {]Xn-Úm-_-²-cm-Wv. Cuiz-c³ kI-e- shfp- ¼ n, aI- f psS aIsfmcp kpµ- c n- t ¡m- X .Xn-epw, kI-eXpw Cuiz-c-nepw A[n-h-kn-¡p-¶p. kuµcyw, Ag-Iv, ]pXp-a, hnip²n, shfn¨w, F¶pw{]]- © - n- b a- a m- W v , {]]- © - L - S - - b mWv Ah. ]pXp-a, cq]w , `mhw, t`Xw CsXÃmw `qan-tbmfw`qansb Aip-²-am-¡p-¶-Xn-sâ, Zpcp-]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp- ]g-¡-ap-f-f-h-bm-Wv. Nn´n-¨m A´-an-Ã. Nn´n-¡m-¯p- ¶ - X n- s âbpw ^ew temI- P - X A¸- t ¸mÄ Xn-cp-¶m A]-I-S-I-c-am-Wv. henb Zpc-´-¯n-te¡vAp- ` - h n¨p t]mcp- ¶ p. AÚ- X - b n Dcp- ¯ n- c n- Iem-in-¡q. Cu Zpc´w Adn-hm-bn-«p-f-fXv Úm-bp¶ ap- j y³, ]cn- ] m- h - - a mb KÀ`- ] m{Xw am-Wv. A[À½-¯m `qan iqy-am-hpw. ap-jy-m-t]mepw Zpcp- ] - t bm- K - s ¸- S p¯n hcp¶ ap- j y³ bn«v kI-eXpw Xocpw. A¶pw shfn¨w shfn-¨-ambnAXnsâ ^ew Ap-`-hn¨p t]mcp-¶-Xn sXän-Ã. XpS- c pw. XXv Xzw Akn, aI- c - t PymXn ÂIp¶AXn- i - t bm- à n- b n- à . kv{Xo Úm- a m- W v. ktµiw temI PX thZ- h m- I y- a m- b n- s «- S p- t ¡-Úm¯np P³aw ÂIp-I-bmWv kv{Xo sNbvXp Imew, Ncn{Xw iqy-X-bn-te-bv¡v, FhnsS n¶vhcp-¶-Xv. hnip²-am-bh hnip-²n-tbmsS ImWp-hm- {]bmWw XpS- § ntbm Ahn- t S¡p XncnsIp-ff Ignhv Intellectual abilities ]pcpjv P·m t]mtI- Imew AXn- { I- a n¨p Ign- ª p. shfn¨w`qan-bpsS DÂ]-¯n-bnte jvS-s¸-«-Xm-Wv. Úmw Pohn- X - ¯ nv am- Z - W v U - a m- t I- - X nsâ Bh- i y- I -Adn-hm-bn-«p-f-fXpw Adn-hm-Ip-hm³ CS-bm-bn-«p-f- X- b n- t e¡v Nq- p ]e- I - b mWv aI- c - t PymXn, XXv XzwfXpw nan- ¯ - a m- W v . Cuiz- c - n n¶v bmNn¨v Akn ÂIp¶ ktµ- i w. kIe Xpd- I - f nepwtNmZn-¨p-hm-§n-b-h-bmWv. Bh-iy-s¸-Sp-¶-sXÃmw Cuiz- c - p- - v . kq£n¨v Icp- ¡ Ä o¡p- ¶ Xv]dªp sImSp-¡p-hm³ k¶-²-mWv Cuiz-c³. PohnXw Zpcp-]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯mXn-cn-¡p-¶Xv Ã-Xm-ap-jysâ ZuÀ_-ey-§sf shSnªv a-Ênsâ _e- Wv.£bw Hgn-hm¡n, hnip-²-am-bh (Úm-w) hnip-²n-tbmsS (Úm--¯m A`n-jn-à-mbn, AXnv PohnXw ZpxJ-c-ln-Xhpw B-µhpw BËm-Z-I- 74
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005c-hp-am-Wv, Úm-am-Wv, shfn-¨-amWv. AXnv B[m- tIm a-Êm-Wv. imkv{X-¯nsâ ]cm-Pbw Hcpcw imkv { X- a - à . imkv { Xw ap- j y- pw Úmw henb hnj-b-am-Wv. Btcm-Ky-¯n-sâ am-ZWvUwCuiz-c-p-am-Wv. imkv{Xw ap-jy-n Dcp-¯n-cn- (unknown to MedicaI Science). amcIambn tcmK-_m-ª-h-bmWv. AXnsâ Kth-j-W-^ew A[À½-am- [n-X-cmb F{X-sb{X doctors in alIopathy as well asWv. kI-e-Xnsâ ]cy-h-km--am-Wv. XXv Xzw Akn in ayurvedic. imkv{X¯nsâ ]cm-P-b-amWv, tIm«-Cu ktµiw kÀÆIem-im-e-]-cn-[n-bn hcp-¶-X- amWv CsXÃmw.BtcmKyw kwc-£n-¡p-hm³, Bbp-Ã. Ch DÄs¡m- f - f m³ temI- P - - X - b v ¡ m- h ptam knsâ ssZÀLyw ne-nÀ¯p-¶-Xnv Ign-bm-¯-F¶ Bi- ¦ - b p- a p- - v . imkv { X- ¯ nsâ t«- § Ä sXt´? CXn- s Ãmw D¯cw hnip- ² n- b m- W v .I- v A´w hn«p tm¡n n¡p¶ PX Hcp Úm- a m- W v , shfn- ¨ - a m- W v . hnip- ² n- s b¶ ]Z-hi-¯v, PohnXw lrkzhpw Zp:JI-c-hp-ambn XoÀ¶v ¯nsâ AÀ°w Btcm-Ky-am-Wv, am-ZWvUw shfn-kam- [ m- - ¯ np th- n BbqÀ ssZÀLy- ¯ nv ¨-am-Wv. tNcpw ]Sn tNÀ¡p-hm³ Ign-bm¯ ]Z-th- n tIgp¶ P- X - b psS asämcp hiw, `c- W - §Ä. cq]w, `mhw, t`Zw F¶m FÃmw H¶pL-S-bpw cmjv{So-bhpw Ipä-hm-fn-Isf hmÀs¯- Xs¶. All creation continues their existence as the Blazing sun Ahnizk-o-bw, hnkva-b-Icw F¶mÂSp- ¡ p¶ hy{K- X - b n- e pw, aX- ¯ nsâ tcmKm- W p-¡Ä¡v ASn-a-s¸« asäm-cp-tem-Iw, Cu kml-N-cy- kXyw AXm-Wv. XXv Xzw Akn Cu ktµ-ihpw¯n al-¯mb Cu ktµiw DÄs¡m-f-fp-hm³ aI- c - t Pym- X nbpw cq]- ¯ n- e pw, `mh- ¯ nepw t`Z-BÀ¡p- a m- h n- à . Úmhpw AXn cl- k y- h p- a p- - v . ¯nepw FÃmw H¶mWvþapgp-h³ temI-P--X-bp- sSbpw lrZ- b - k v ] - µ - ¯nsâ clkyw t]mepwCu cl- k y- a mWv Pohn- X w. kzÀ¤- c m- P y- a mWv Cu ktµ-i-am-Wv. Cu ktµiw DÄsImÅm³ Ign-krjvSnbpsS e£yw. Cuiz-csâ XmXv]-cy-§Ä bp-¶n-Ã-sb-¦n mensâ tNepw F«nsâ ]In«pwAXnsâ kwc-£-Whpw kpc-£n-XXzhpw, `{Z-Xbpw I- v Bkz- Z n- ¡ p- h m³ hcpw Xe- a p- d bv ¡ v Ign-BWv krjvSn-bpsS e£yw. ssZh-ln-Xw, nsâ sª¶p hcn-Ã. Pohn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-hÀ hcpw Xe-ap-d-cmPyw htc-Wta F¶mWv {]mÀ° Xs¶. ap- bpsS shfn-¨-amW.v hcpw Xe-ap-dsb AÔ-Im-c-¯n-jy-ln-Xw, XmXv]cyw AXv kz´w ZuÀ_-ey-X-Ifpw te¡v Imcm-{K-l-¯n-tebv¡v bn-¡-Wtam ? ]e-a-Ênsâ _e-£-b-hp-amWv. Cuiz-cs Adn-hm-bn- Ipdn Btem- N n- t ¡- - , Nn´n- t ¡- hnj- b - a m- W v .«p-f-fXpw Zriy-am-bn-«p-f-fXpw Pohn-X-¯nsâ nKq- kabw sshIn-bn-s«m-¶p-an-Ã. {]Xym-ibv¡v hgn-bnÃV-X, Zpcq-lX AXnv {]Xn-hn-[n-bmWv Cuiz-cs F¶v hn[nsbgp-Xp-hm³ Cnbpw ka-b-ap--v. Cuiz-ImWp-hm³ Ign-ªn-«p-f-fXpw Adn-hm-bn-«p-f-fXpw cs Is--t¯---Xnsâ Bh-iy-I-X-bmWvFÃmw. PohnXw AXnsâ formuIa, fundamentals, C¶s¯ Nn´m-hn-j-bw. Nn´-bpsS amXm-hmWvbase Cuiz-c-m-Wv, Úm-am-Wv, shfn-¨-am-Wv, al- al¯mb Cu ktµiw-- þXXv Xzw Akn.¯mb B ktµ-i-amWv PohnXw. ap-jy³ ap- Cuiz- c ³ {]Xn- ` m- k hpw, hntcm- [ m-jyv ÂIp¶ AwKo-Imcw t¾Ý-X-bm-Wv. am-h- `mkhpamWv ap- j y- s - t ]mse Cuiz- c - nepw,cm-insb, temI-P-Xsb sam¯-¯n c£-s¸-Sp- Cuiz-cs t]mse ap-jy-nepw. tcmK-{]-Xn-tcm-[-¯p- ¶ - X n- v , tamNn- ¸ n- ¡ p- ¶ - X nv Hcp D]m- [ nbpw i- à n, k´p- e n- X m- h - Ø - b p- - v . hnip- ² n- b n tIm«w-Bcpw mfn- X p- h sc Is- - ¯ n- b n- « n- à . hnizm- k - X-«n-bm kIe cwK-§-fnepw AXp {]Xn-^-en-¡pw.¯nsâ t]cn hnizm-kn-I-sf¶ ne-bn Ae-bp- `qN- e w, Ch- s bÃmw krjvSnbm- W v. o¶, Ime-l-c-W-s¸«p hcp¶, £bn¨p hcp¶ Hcp A[À½hpw BWv F¶vFgp-Xp-¶n-Ã. AXv o BIp-tIme- a mWv ap- j y³. a- Ê mWv hyàn- X zw. ¶p. o shfn-¨-am-hp¶p. XXv Xzw Akn Cu ktµ-DuÀÖ-kz-e-X-bpw, apJ-¯nsâ tXP-Êpw, AgIpw i- ¯ nsâ [zn- b mWv A¼- e hpw {]Xn- j v T bpw.Btcm-Kyhpw FÃmw a-Êm-Wv. aÊv kpc-£n-X-a- icocw (Ifn-a¬ IqSm-cw) A¼ehpw sslµh aXÃ. AXnsâ `{Z-Xbpw kwc-£-Whpw kpc-£n-X- BNm-c-§Ä Cuiz-csâ {]Xn-Ñm-b-bm-Wv BßmhvXzhpw BWv kÀÆ-[-m {][m-w. Nn´-bnepw {]Xn-jvTbpw BWv. shfn-¨ta bn-¨m-epw.{]hr-¯n-bnepw AXnsâ anI-hv. AXnsâ Af-hp- tUm. sI. kn. tPmÀÖv -þ A[n-]³ Cuiz-cpw B[n-]Xyw shfn-¨hpw BWv. CXm-sWsâ tbmKy-X. kztZ-iw Xncp-hm-¦p-fw. Xmakw Xr¸q-Wn-¯p-d-bn-ep-am-Wv. K. C. George, Rohini Thouse, Peroor Lane, NFG Tripunithura. 682 301. (Ph : 0484 2779901 ) 75
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 tZh-Xm-XXzw (Hcp hnl-K-ho-£-Ww) Fkv. inh-cm-a³ Hmw {ioKpcptZym-a: `n-¡p-I. F{X aln-X-amb BNm-cw. {IoVm-tem- “C¯ncn ]qth Nph-¶-]qth ep-]-m-Wv. C{X-mfpw o F§p t]mbn tZhsâ/tZhXbpsS apJy- e - £ - W - § - f n- I¨w-_-c¯p `Pn-¡m³ t]mbn” sem¶v {IoV-bm-Wv. Znhy{Io-Vm-bmw. {IoV¡p ]pdsa hnPn- K ojm (P- b n- ¡ m- pÅ B{K- l w) atm- l - c - a mb Cu Ihn- X m- i - I ew sNmÃn ZypXn, kvXpXn, Im´n F¶o AÀ°-§-fpsS D]-AÚm-X-mb IÀ¯m-hns Ap-kva-cn-¨p-sIm- e- _ v[n- b p- a p- - v .- m Wv alm- I hn Pn. hnÚm- - ` - h - n Úm]oTw k½mw kzoI-cn-¨psIm-pÅ {]kwKw Bcw- {IoUw tX temI-c-Nm: kJm cp`n-¨-Xv. N-·b inh (hn-iz-krjvSn Ahn-Sps¯ eoe-bm-Wv. Xr¨w-_-c¯p s]c-amÄ tIc-fo-bÀ¡v {]mX: Nn·-b-mb inh³ Iq«p-Im-c-pw)kvac-Wo-b-m-Wv. {]Y-a-kva-c-Wo-b-m-Wv. ]gbIme¯v Imc-W-h-·mÀ shfp-¸m³ Ime¯v Ipfn¨v þ tZho-`m-K-hXwD¨-¯n IoÀ¯w sNmÃp¶ ]Xn-hp--m-bn-cp-¶p. ZohytX krjvSn-ØnXn kwlmssc:inhm-e-b-§Ä 108, ZpÀ¤m-e-b-§Ä 108, tNmäm-n-¡- {IoVXn CXn tZhnc-½, ssh¡-¯-¸³, Xr¸q-Wn-¯p-d-¸³. Øe-t`-Z- þ {io ]mZ k]vXXn hymJyma-p-k-cn¨pw thsd-bpw, F¶n-§s IoÀ¯--§Ä {IoVmÀ°w krP-kn.....sNmÃpw. IoÀ¯-§Ä Bcw-`n-¡p-¶Xv X¨w-_c¯v - - (eo-e-¡mbn XoÀ¸ptem-Iw. P-X-cp)s]cp- a msf kv X pXn¨p sIm- m - W v . kp{]- ` m- X - a m- b n- apgp-h³ tZh! eoem arsKuLw«m-Wv. þ inhm-µ el-cn. DZ-b-Kncn Nph¶p {]Imiw tZhsâ asämcp e£Ww {]k-¶-m- `mp-_nw_w hnfw§n Ip-I, {]Im-i-hm-m-Ip-I, hnP-b-¯n-pÅ B{K- fn apIpf Pmte lw. CsXms¡ tZh i_vZ¯nsâ AÀ°-¯nÂs¸- - aµ-lmkw ]c¶p Sp-¶p. tZh-·mÀ Akp-c-·m-tcm-tSäv hnP-bn-¡p-hm³ ]XnaXn ad-hmbn B{K-ln-¡p¶p F¶-XmWv hnPn Kojm AÀ°-am- iwJ-pmZw apg§n ¡p-¶Xv. - DW-cpI ImWn-Im-©m³ tZh³amÀ / tZh-XIÄ ]e-hn-`m-K¯nepw s]Sp- - - Aw_-tc-iw-_-tc-i. ¶p. Xr¨w-_-c¯v s]cp-amÄ¡v Cuiz-c-tIm-Sn, inh³, hnjvWp. KW-]Xn, sNdp-¸-sa-¶-§p-ss¨À kqcy³ iàn F¶n- h - c m- W v . ]- v Ch- t cm- c p- ¯ - hnfn¨p ]d-bp-¶nXp temI-scÃmw tcbpw {]tXyIw Htcm hn`m-K-¡m-cmWv Bcm-[n-¨n- hnizw Na¨p apSs _X cp-¶-Xv. Im¯-gn¡pw hnssiz-I-m-b-Ip Ifn-]p-c-sb-¶-t]mse krjvSn, ØnXn, kwlm-cIÀ¯m-hmb hnssiz- - inh³ þ ssihÀI- mbIs Ap- k v a - c n- ¨ p- s Im- v Hcp Znh- k - a m- c w- hnjvWp þ sshjvW-hÀ 76
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 KW-]Xn þ KmW-]XyÀ {][m--tZ-h-X-b-Ã. Aán Ign-ªm ]ns¶ C{µ- kqcy³ þ skucw m- W v . 250 a{´- k q- à - § Ä C{µs¡pdn- ¨ p- - v . iàn þ imtà- b w. thZ- I m- e - ¯ n- p- t ijw C{µsâ Ømw Ipd- ªp. ]pcm-W-Im-e¯v B Ømw hnjvWp-hnv Bcm- [ - ¡v {]tXyIw hyh- Ø - I - f p- - m - b n- c p- e`n-¨p. C{µ³ temI-]m-e-·m-cn-sem-cm-fm-bn. ¶p. BNm-cy-kzm-an-IÄ FÃm Bfp-Ifpw A©p- Gsd-¡psd thZ-§Äs¡m¸w ]g¡w BK- t]À¡pw Hcp-an¨p ]qP sN¿-W-sa¶ A`n-{]m-b- a- § Ä¡p- a p- s - ¶ mWv B[p- nI aXw. BK- a - § - ¯n ‘‘]©m-b-X--]qP’’ GÀs¸-Sp-¯n. kp{_-Ò- fn a{´-þ-b-{´þX{´mZnbpw aäp-amb hn[n-IÄ Wym-cm-[-I-cpsS sIu-amc aXhpw tNÀ¯v j¬a- {]Imcw Bcm-[n-¡-s¸-Sp¶ tZh-X-I-fm-Wp-f-fXv X-Øm-]-hpw sNb-Xp. {]m[myw a{´-¯n-p-X-s¶. Xncp-h-f-b-m«p `K- {_Òm-hnsâ krjvSn-bn tZh-K-W-krjvSn h-Xn-sb-¸-än-bp-ff {]kn² tÇmI-¯n D- v . ChÀ kzÀ¤- h m- k n- I - f m- W v . Chsc BPm- - t Z- A¼-s¯m-¶-£-cmfo IenX Xp-etX h-X-IÄ F¶p hnfn-¡p-¶p. Ch-cpsS Bbp-jvImew Hcp Iev]-amWv. F¶ kwt_m- [ - - t bm- s S- b mWv XpS- § p- ¶ - X v . A£-c-§-fm-Wv. amXr-Im-hÀ®-§Ä. tZhn-bpsS ap-jyÀ¡v kzÀ¤-{]m-]vXn-bp--m-¡p¶ Xp-hn-m-[mcw F¶mWv Ihn {]kvXm-hn-¡p-¶- bmKmZn ]pWy-IÀ½-§Ä sNbvXv kzÀ¤-¯n-se- Xv. Cu ]²Xn nKq-V-Xbpw cl-kyhpw DÄs¡m- ¯m³ AÀl- X - b p- v Ahsc aÀ¯r tZhX F¶p f-fp¶ H¶m-Wv. cl-ky-¯nsâ Hcp DZm-l-c-Ww hnfn- ¡ p- ¶ p. Ah- c psS ]pWyw t`mKw sIm- v Ipd- Hdo-k-bnse PK-¶m-Y-t£-{X-s¯-¸än “lnµp”-hn ª- h cpw ]pWyw XoÀ¶p Ign- ª m As¡u- v Hcp ]pkv X - I hnaÀiw h¶p. AhnsS {ioIr- Imen-bm-bmÂ, `qtem-I-¯n-te¡v Xncn-¨-b-¡pw. jvW³, _e-cm-a³ kp`{Z Ch-cmWv tZh-X-IÄ ‘‘£otW ]ptWy aÀ¯y-temIw hni´n (Ko-X) F¶m {ioIr-jvWv {]bp-à-am-Ip¶p a{´w thZ-§-fnse a{´-§Ä¡v Oµ-kv, Ejn, tZh- Xrknw- l - a - { ´- a m- W - s {X. BK- a - ] - ² - X n¡v mep X, F¶n- § s hyh- Ø - b p- - v . Oµkv a{´- ¯ nse- `mK-§-fm-Wp-f-f-Xv. 1. Úmw 2. tbmKw. 3. {Inb A£-c-kwJy nÀ®-bn-¡p-¶Xnm-Wv. kÀtÆ-iz-cm- 4. Ncy. CXn {Inb F¶ `mK-¯mWv t£{X- p-{K-l-¯m GXv alm-mtWm HXp am{´¯nsâ nÀ½n- X nbpw {]Xn- j v T bpw hcp- ¶ - X v . `mK- h Xw ZÀi- - a p- - m - b - X v . At±l- a mWv B a{´- ¯ nsâ Ien Ime¯v k¦oÀ¯--amWv apJy Bcm-[m Ejn. tZh-X, B a{´-{]-tbm-K¯m D]m-kn-¡s¸«v - - ]²- X n- s b¶v ]d- b p- ¶ p- - v . Xm{´nI hnizm- k n- I Ä Ap-{K-ln-¡p¶ tZhX Xs¶. thZ-§-fn kl- ]d-bp-¶Xv Ien-Im-e¯v X{´-¯n-mWv {]m[m- {km- [ nIw a{´- § - f p- - v . tZh- X - I - f pw AXp- t ]mse y-sa-¶m-Wv. X{´-¯nv Ap-Iq-e-ambn n¡p- Nne tZh-XIfpsS t]cn IqSp-X kqà§-§fpw - - ¶Xv kmÀÆ-{Xn-Ibpw hÀ®-hn-th-N--cm-ln-Xy-hp- a{´-§fpw D-v. Ahsc thZ-§-fnse {][m tZh- am- W v. Kpcp- h n- mWv {]m[myw: injysâ X-IÄ F¶p ]d-bmw. Aán, hnjvWp, C{µ³, tbmKyX tIhew Kpc-]-co-£-bn am{Xw n¡p- cp{Z³, ]pcp-j³, lnc-Wy-KÀ`³ ({]Pm-]-Xn), hmIv, ¶p. ½psS Npäpw Kpcp-¡-·mÀ hÀ²n-¨p-h-cp-¶- ]rYn-hn, A£, Djkv Ch-cm-Wv {]kvXpX tZh-X- Xnsâ ImcWw CXm-bn-cn-¡ptam? Ah-cn ]ecpw IÄ. Aán- b mWv Gähpw {][m- n. H¶m- a ³. Xm{´n-I-³amcsÃ-¦n IqSn! ]ptcm-ln-X³. Aán tZh-X-bmbn 200 a{´-§Ä (kp- à - § Ä) D- v . hnjvWp thZ- § - f n Hcp Fkv. inh-cm-a³: sIm¨n³ t]mÀ«v {SÌnse sU]yq«n ss^m³jy AssUz- kÀ ]Z-hn-bn n¶v hnc-an¨ Bfm-Wv. B²ym-ßnI Imcy-§-sf-¸än teJ--§Ä Fgp-Xp-¶-Xn hym]r-X-m-Wv. 77
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 [À½-im-kvXm-hn-smcp Imhy-]p-jv]m-RvPen cmP-e£van (Nn-·b hnZym-e-b)ImÀ¯nI ]pecnIfm-c-Xn-bp-gnªp BßlÀj-¯m aw XpÅn-bm-Sp¶pi_cn Kncn-bpsS Xncp--S-bn DSp-¡nsâ Xmf-¯n t]«-XpÅnhnLvt-iz-cmw awK-f-aqÀ¯nsb At½ `K-hXn amfn-I-¸pdtadpwZ£nW `mtK-bn-cp¯n o {]oX-mbv nXy-X-]-kzn-n, kzoIcn¡q þ FsâXma-cw-Ip-f-§sc hmgpw `K-hms AÀ¨-m-am-ey-§Ä kzoI-cn¡qF³ Xma-c-am-ey-§-sf-{Xtbm [y-ambv N©-e-Nn-¯-¯n³ taml-§Ä XoÀs¯mcpA£b `qXn-bmbv o acphpw þ nXyw ic-t¡m-ep-IÄ hbv]q-i-cw-Ip¯n-bnÂ`à Nn¯-§sf ip²-am¡n I¶n-¡mÀ `à³amÀ Xma-c-sam«p t]mÂ`ànbmw dp-sbv nd-s¨mco tIc-§Ä sXmgp-ssI-I-fp-ambn n¶-´nsIXncp-ap-¼n h¨p Rm³ sXmgp-Xn-Sp¶p k]vXÀjn-I-fnXm s]m¶-¼-e-ta-«nÂhrÝnI¸pe-cn-IÄ Cud--Wnªp aI-c-kw-{I-a-Zo]w sImfp-¯n-Sp-¶p.Xqa-ªn-m-e-`n-tjIw sNbvhq s]m¶-¼-e-ta-«n-ep-Zn-¨nSpw XmctaAÚm Xa-Ênsâ Idp¸p tNe-IÄ Npän-Rm³ I-Im-`n-tjIw Ign¡p thKwicW a{´-t¯msS ame NmÀ¯n a®ns hn®m¡pw icW a{´-§-fmÂcp{Zm-£-ame Igp-¯n NmÀ¯n ]qX-ambv i_-cn- X³ ]pWy-aeÚm-¯n³ IÀ¸qc Bgn-Pz-en-¸n¨p icWw aWnIWvTm ioizc-m-Ym...Imcp-Wy-cq] Rm³ ns¶tbmÀ¯p Xma-cw-Ip-f-§sc hmgpw tZhIcn-a-e-I-bäw ITn--am-bv¯oÀ¶-t¸mÄ Xmac ae-cn-m AÀ¨ sN¿mw Rm³F¶lw _p²n XfÀ¶p-t]mbn {io `qX-mY In-bp-sI-¶nÂ]Xn-s-«p ]q¦m-h-hpw IS¶p Rm³ XcnI Inªp o A£-bamw PvRmw]Sn ]Xn-s«pw Nhn-«n-t¡dn [y-ambv XoÀ¡tW Fsâ P·w.IÀ½ ^e-¯n³ Ccp-apSns¡«p-ambv Xma-c-¯m-cp-t]m kpµ-camw n³þhncn sh¨p ns¶ hnfn¨p tIWp hZ- mw- _ pPw I- p I¬Ip- f nÀs¡icW a{´-§-fm nÀ½-eamw aw `àn-c-Xn-bpsS ]¼m XoÀ°-¯n-se³lcn-l-c--µ n¶n-eÀ¸n¨p Rm³ Nn¯w IpfnÀ¡p¶p `qX-m-Y. 78
  • Xma-cw-Ip-f-§c aI-c-hn-f-¡m-tLmj kvac-WnI 2005 kzmanicWw XmacwIpf§c {io[À½imkvXmth icWw XmacwIpf§c {io [À½imkvXm t£{Xw aìùlX lùéf aìùlX acwMeéf aìùlX krBxMeéf ùy§ùMr hgnfãÿtq ùMr. kgëh¥gB MRjzvêtlfjf ùMr. igjgùhmeox Sùêeéfjf ofbekjz vêtlfjfh¥eëx aìùlX Gdjeäzceq mqbªùMr. vrnkCxæz vêtlfjf, vejãCz vêtlfjf aìùlmXyÀceã ktëglw bfbj~WTx yÀsh¥aëç bfnemX: smùköJf lecjXkgä~j DÖh¥ ambemcflf lecjXkgä~j, lôh¥tCfègJ - 682 301, SJCekgäX pfnâ, Ph : 0484-2779681, 98460 66455 E-mail: thamaramkulangara@yahoo.com Website: www.thamara.net 79
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