Presented By- Krishna Heda Value Stream Mapping
VSM is Used in Helping to Identify the 8 Types of Waste Over Production Inventory Transportation Waiting Motion Over Proce...
To be successful, a  Total System Strategy  must be employed.  The Total System Strategy is facilitated by committed leade...
Objectives <ul><li>Provide an Introduction to Value Stream Mapping </li></ul><ul><li>Complete a Current State Value Stream...
Objectives Why Map the Value Stream?
<ul><li>Introduction to Value Stream Mapping </li></ul><ul><li>Data Collection </li></ul><ul><li>Map Current State </li></...
<ul><li>Introduction to Value Stream Mapping </li></ul><ul><li>Data Collection </li></ul><ul><li>Map Current State </li></...
Current State
Process
Introduction to Value Stream Mapping A  Value Stream  includes all elements (both value and non-value added) that occur to...
Value Added & Non-Value Added
Waste
<ul><li>Provide a means of visualizing product and information flow for the value stream  </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate the...
Definition of VSM What is Lean? “More with Less” or “Less with Less” Less Downtime of Equipment Less Inventory Less waste ...
Indications of Opportunities EMPLOYEE SYMPTOMS *  Frustration *  Low Morale *  Absenteeism *  Negativism *  “It’s Not My J...
Value Stream Mapping
Attribute Data to Collect Data Collection <ul><li>How Operations are scheduled </li></ul><ul><li>Shipping/Receiving schedu...
<ul><li>It is not necessary that attribute data be precise.  </li></ul><ul><li>It is necessary that the information at lea...
Identify Opportunities for Improvement ? Data Collection
<ul><li> Introduction to Value Value Stream Mapping </li></ul><ul><li> Data Collection </li></ul><ul><li>Map Current Sta...
Map Current State The Steps Select a Product Family Form a Team Understand Customer Demand Map the Process Flow Map the Ma...
Tools Introduction to Value Stream Mapping Scrap Manufacturing  Process Kaizen  Lightning  Burst Outside Source/ Customer ...
<ul><li>Define value stream (product family) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify value stream from the customer end </li></ul><...
<ul><li>Select a cross-functional team </li></ul><ul><li>Select team members  who are familiar with the product </li></ul>...
<ul><li>Plan for Every Part </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Engineering budgeted volumes </li></ul><ul><li>Production Control...
Customer Map Current State Step 4:  Map the Process Flow Demand/month: Part A = Part B = Part C = # of shifts = Inventory ...
Map Current State Step 6:  Map the Information Flow Customer Demand/month: Part A = 705 pcs. Part B = 600 pcs. Part C = 16...
Map Current State Step 7:  Calculate Total Product Cycle Time Customer Demand/month: Part A = 705 pcs. Part B = 600 pcs. P...
Current State
Step 8:  Detail Off-Line Activities Map Current State <ul><li>Show on the map using general icons  </li></ul><ul><li>Detai...
<ul><li> Introduction to Value Value Stream Mapping </li></ul><ul><li> Data Collection </li></ul><ul><li> Map Current S...
Activity:  Map the Current State Complete By Task Approximate Total Time: <ul><li>Complete  draft  of current state value ...
<ul><li> Introduction to Value Stream Mapping </li></ul><ul><li> Data Collection </li></ul><ul><li> Map Current State <...
<ul><li> Review Current State Map </li></ul><ul><li>Design Future State - Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Map Future State </li...
<ul><li>Define how the plant will operate in the future </li></ul><ul><li>Serve as the blueprint for implementation </li><...
Process/Product Layout
How to Think
Efficiency
<ul><li> Review Current State Map </li></ul><ul><li> Design Future State - Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Map Future State </...
Guidelines to Future State
Achieving The Future State
Pacemaker Loop
Identify the Pacemaker
Where will you need to use supermarket pull systems to control production of upstream processes? What is Takt Time? Will y...
Develop A Plan
Future State
Map Future State Step 1: Step 2: Step 3: Step 4: Step 5: Step 6: Step 7: The Steps Validate Customer Demand Draw the Futur...
Map Future State Customer demand should be validated to ensure accuracy and that consideration has been given for future b...
Map Future State Finished Goods Assembly Layout Welding Stamping X pcs / month Std Pack Qty # Shifts C/O Time = CT = TAKT ...
Map Future State Finished Goods Assembly Layout Welding 6 x / Day Daily Stamping X pcs / month Std Pack Qty # Shifts C/O T...
Map Future State Rolling 6 wk Forecast Finished Goods Assembly Layout Welding 6 x / Day PC & L 6-wk forecast Daily Level B...
Step 5:  Calculate Total Product Cycle Time (TP c/t) Map Future State Rolling 6 wk Forecast Finished Goods Assembly Layout...
Step 6:  Detail Off-Line Activities Map Future State <ul><li>Consideration should be given at this stage for the improveme...
Original Condition Step7:  Outline a Plan Map Future State Future Condition Inj: Molding 2 Sender Ass’y 2 MSS Ass’y Plants...
Linkage to Improvement Workplace Organization 5S Deploy Visual Controls Layout Waste free - Eliminate waste thru Continuou...
<ul><li> Review Current State Map </li></ul><ul><li> Design Future State - Purpose </li></ul><ul><li> Map Future State ...
<ul><li>Data is analyzed to  determine  waste (inhibitors to flow). </li></ul><ul><li>Plans are developed to reduce or eli...
Eliminate Waste Consider Key Questions Flow Manufacturing 1 Piece Flow,  Employee Involvement Empowered, Continuous Imp.  ...
<ul><li> Review Current State Map </li></ul><ul><li> Design Future State - Purpose </li></ul><ul><li> Map Future State ...
Summary Getting Started Be Wise… Observe…it is necessary to physically observe the value stream.  This provides the greate...
Is the Time NOW
Achieving the Future State
Activity:  Design Future State Task <ul><li>Using the current state map for your selected value stream, design your future...
Activity:  Map the Future State Complete By Task Approximate Total Time: <ul><li>Complete  draft  of future state value st...
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Value stream mapping - Future State

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VSM is Used in Helping to Identify & eliminate the 8 Types of Waste. It helps us to design an future state process.

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  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page Arial 12 Sub-bullet Next Sub-bullet Last Sub-bullet
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page Arial 12 Sub-bullet Next Sub-bullet Last Sub-bullet
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page Explain that DMS is a Total System Strategy and that committed leadership, knowledge, effective planning and action are essential. Emphasize the importance of Action. Explain that DMS is structured in six interdependent elements and reference these elements on the graphic. Explain that two key elements of DMS are: Flow-based manufacturing. Waste identification and elimination. Transition to the next slide by stating: Let’s briefly discuss Waste Identification. Key Point
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page Activity: Design Future State Goal: To Complete a Future State Map and an Implementation Plan.
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page Activity: Design Future State Goal: To Complete a Future State Map and an Implementation Plan.
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page Activity: Design Future State Goal: To Complete a Future State Map and an Implementation Plan.
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page Activity: Design Future State Goal: To Complete a Future State Map and an Implementation Plan.
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page Activity: Design Future State Goal: To Complete a Future State Map and an Implementation Plan.
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page Activity: Design Future State Goal: To Complete a Future State Map and an Implementation Plan.
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page Activity: Design Future State Goal: To Complete a Future State Map and an Implementation Plan.
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page Activity: Design Future State Goal: To Complete a Future State Map and an Implementation Plan.
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page 2
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page 3
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page 4 Instructors Notes: Sources of information
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page 5
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page 7
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page Activity: Design Future State Goal: To Complete a Future State Map and an Implementation Plan.
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page State: This is an optional step.
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page Activity : Map the Current State Goal: Prepare for Session 2. Prior to starting Session 2, get a copy of the Current State Map. If possible, make a transparency of the Current State Map and use the transparency for review. The first topic for Session 2 is the Review of the Current State Map. Use the overhead machine for the review then switch to the automated presentation. The presentation assumes you have completed the overview and will show Review Current State Map as a completed topic.
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page Activity: Design Future State Goal: To Complete a Future State Map and an Implementation Plan.
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page Activity: Design Future State Goal: To Complete a Future State Map and an Implementation Plan.
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page Activity: Design Future State Goal: To Complete a Future State Map and an Implementation Plan.
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page Activity: Design Future State Goal: To Complete a Future State Map and an Implementation Plan.
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page Activity: Design Future State Goal: To Complete a Future State Map and an Implementation Plan.
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page Activity: Design Future State Goal: To Complete a Future State Map and an Implementation Plan.
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page Activity: Design Future State Goal: To Complete a Future State Map and an Implementation Plan.
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page Activity: Design Future State Goal: To Complete a Future State Map and an Implementation Plan.
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page Activity: Design Future State Goal: To Complete a Future State Map and an Implementation Plan.
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page Activity: Design Future State Goal: To Complete a Future State Map and an Implementation Plan.
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page Activity: Design Future State Goal: To Complete a Future State Map and an Implementation Plan.
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page Activity: Design Future State Goal: To Complete a Future State Map and an Implementation Plan.
  • 1999 Delphi Automotive Systems DMS Overview - Instructor Manual - Version 1.0 Page Activity : Map the Current State Goal: Prepare for Session 2. Prior to starting Session 2, get a copy of the Current State Map. If possible, make a transparency of the Current State Map and use the transparency for review. The first topic for Session 2 is the Review of the Current State Map. Use the overhead machine for the review then switch to the automated presentation. The presentation assumes you have completed the overview and will show Review Current State Map as a completed topic.
  • Value stream mapping - Future State

    1. 1. Presented By- Krishna Heda Value Stream Mapping
    2. 2. VSM is Used in Helping to Identify the 8 Types of Waste Over Production Inventory Transportation Waiting Motion Over Processing Correction Not Utilizing Human Resources
    3. 3. To be successful, a Total System Strategy must be employed. The Total System Strategy is facilitated by committed leadership, knowledge, an effective planning process and a bias towards action. Total System Strategy Flow Flow Operational Availability Workplace Organization Material Movement Employee Environment & Involvement Quality Flow Manufacturing (MSD) Waste Elimination Leadership Planning Knowledge Action Flow Flow
    4. 4. Objectives <ul><li>Provide an Introduction to Value Stream Mapping </li></ul><ul><li>Complete a Current State Value Stream Map </li></ul><ul><li>Complete a Future State Value Stream Map with proposed Implementation Plan </li></ul>
    5. 5. Objectives Why Map the Value Stream?
    6. 6. <ul><li>Introduction to Value Stream Mapping </li></ul><ul><li>Data Collection </li></ul><ul><li>Map Current State </li></ul><ul><li>Activity: Map Current State </li></ul><ul><li>Review Current State Map </li></ul><ul><li>Design Future State - Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Map Future State </li></ul><ul><li>Consider Key Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Summary </li></ul><ul><li>Activity: Design Future State </li></ul>Agenda Session 1 Session 2
    7. 7. <ul><li>Introduction to Value Stream Mapping </li></ul><ul><li>Data Collection </li></ul><ul><li>Map Current State </li></ul><ul><li>Activity: Map Current State </li></ul>Agenda - Session 1
    8. 8. Current State
    9. 9. Process
    10. 10. Introduction to Value Stream Mapping A Value Stream includes all elements (both value and non-value added) that occur to a given product from its inception as a raw material through delivery to the customer. Definition of Value Stream
    11. 11. Value Added & Non-Value Added
    12. 12. Waste
    13. 13. <ul><li>Provide a means of visualizing product and information flow for the value stream </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate the identification and elimination of waste and the sources of waste </li></ul><ul><li>Support the prioritization of continuous improvement activities at the plant and value stream levels </li></ul><ul><li>Provide the basis for site plan development </li></ul>Objectives of Value Stream Mapping Eliminate Waste Introduction to Value Stream Mapping
    14. 14. Definition of VSM What is Lean? “More with Less” or “Less with Less” Less Downtime of Equipment Less Inventory Less waste of Materials Less waste of Supplies Less “Non Value Added” Less Scrap Less Rework Less Absenteeism Less Injuries Less Lead-time Less Errors in Production
    15. 15. Indications of Opportunities EMPLOYEE SYMPTOMS * Frustration * Low Morale * Absenteeism * Negativism * “It’s Not My Job” EXTERNAL INDICATORS * Warranty Costs * Negative Publicity * Pricing Inflexibility * Market Share Drop
    16. 16. Value Stream Mapping
    17. 17. Attribute Data to Collect Data Collection <ul><li>How Operations are scheduled </li></ul><ul><li>Shipping/Receiving schedules </li></ul><ul><li>Pack sizes at each process </li></ul><ul><li>Demand rates by process (Takt Time) </li></ul><ul><li>Working hours and breaks </li></ul><ul><li>Inventory Points (location & size) </li></ul><ul><li>Work-in-process inventory </li></ul><ul><li>Overtime per week </li></ul><ul><li>Process cycle times </li></ul><ul><li>Number of product variations at each step </li></ul><ul><li>Batch (lot) sizes </li></ul><ul><li>Changeover times </li></ul><ul><li>Changeover frequencies </li></ul><ul><li>Scrap </li></ul><ul><li>Rework </li></ul><ul><li>Downtime </li></ul>
    18. 18. <ul><li>It is not necessary that attribute data be precise. </li></ul><ul><li>It is necessary that the information at least be directionally correct. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowing that uptime is 82.7% vs. 82% is normally not necessary. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An assumption of 80%, however, when reality is 65% can be detrimental in that it may substantially misdirect the future state development and the prioritization of improvement activities. </li></ul></ul>Data Collection
    19. 19. Identify Opportunities for Improvement ? Data Collection
    20. 20. <ul><li> Introduction to Value Value Stream Mapping </li></ul><ul><li> Data Collection </li></ul><ul><li>Map Current State </li></ul><ul><li>Activity: Map Current State </li></ul>Agenda - Session 1
    21. 21. Map Current State The Steps Select a Product Family Form a Team Understand Customer Demand Map the Process Flow Map the Material Flow Map the Information Flow Calculate Total Product Cycle Time Detail Off-Line Activities Step 1: Step 2: Step 3: Step 4: Step 5: Step 6: Step 7: Step 8:
    22. 22. Tools Introduction to Value Stream Mapping Scrap Manufacturing Process Kaizen Lightning Burst Outside Source/ Customer Data Box Inventory I o o o Truck Shipment Finished Goods to Customer Push Arrow Supermarket Buffer or Safety Stock Manual Information Flow Electronic Information Flow Production Kanban Withdrawal Kanban Signal Kanban Kanban Post
    23. 23. <ul><li>Define value stream (product family) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify value stream from the customer end </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Product should pass through similar processes and over common equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Door-to-door in scope (within plant walls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Select the highest cost. (Major component) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>List on top left corner of VSM. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>List part numbers </li></ul>Map Current State Step 1: Select a Value Stream (Product Family)
    24. 24. <ul><li>Select a cross-functional team </li></ul><ul><li>Select team members who are familiar with the product </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure that team members are trained in the use of VSM </li></ul><ul><li>Designate a champion (typically a line manager) </li></ul>Current State Step 2: Form a Team Cross Functional Team Manufacturing PC & L Maintenance Leadership Product Engineering Industrial Engineering Sensei
    25. 25. <ul><li>Plan for Every Part </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Engineering budgeted volumes </li></ul><ul><li>Production Control (monthly/weekly forecasts) </li></ul><ul><li>Production history (day-to-day, month-to-month variation) </li></ul><ul><li>Sales (product changes, new business etc.) </li></ul>Map Current State Step 3: Understand Customer Demand Customer Demand/month: Part A = Part B = Part C = # of shifts =
    26. 26. Customer Map Current State Step 4: Map the Process Flow Demand/month: Part A = Part B = Part C = # of shifts = Inventory Part A = Part B = Part C = # of shifts = Shipping Assembly Welding Stamping Takt = C.T. = D.T. = FTQ = 90% C/O Time = Lot Size = # of Shifts WIP = Takt = C.T. = D.T. = 20% FTQ = C/O Time = Lot Size = # of Shifts WIP = Takt = C.T. = D.T. = FTQ = C/O Time = 4 hrs. Lot Size = # of Shifts WIP = Changeover Downtime FTQ
    27. 27. Map Current State Step 6: Map the Information Flow Customer Demand/month: Part A = 705 pcs. Part B = 600 pcs. Part C = 1650 pcs. # of shifts = Inventory Part A = 750 pcs Part B = 600 pcs Part C = 1650 pcs # of shifts = Shipping Assembly Welding Stamping Takt = C.T. = D.T. = FTQ = 90% C/O Time = Lot Size = # of Shifts WIP = 550 pcs. Takt = C.T. = D.T. = 20% FTQ = C/O Time = Lot Size = # of Shifts WIP = 60 pcs. Takt = C.T. = D.T. = FTQ = C/O Time = 4 hrs. Lot Size = # of Shifts WIP = 25 pcs. Changeover Downtime FTQ I I I I 2 x/ day 2 x/ week Supplier 1,200 pcs 1,500 pcs 800 pcs 500 pcs PC & L Weekly Build Schedule Daily Ship Schedule 6 week rolling forecast 6 week rolling forecast Weekly Order Weekly Order
    28. 28. Map Current State Step 7: Calculate Total Product Cycle Time Customer Demand/month: Part A = 705 pcs. Part B = 600 pcs. Part C = 1650 pcs. # of shifts = Inventory Part A = 750 pcs Part B = 600 pcs Part C = 1650 pcs # of shifts = Shipping Assembly Welding Stamping Takt = C.T. = D.T. = FTQ = 90% C/O Time = Lot Size = # of Shifts WIP = 550 pcs. Takt = C.T. = D.T. = 20% FTQ = C/O Time = Lot Size = # of Shifts WIP = 60 pcs. Takt = C.T. = D.T. = FTQ = C/O Time = 4 hrs. Lot Size = # of Shifts WIP = 25 pcs. Changeover Downtime FTQ I I I I 2 x/ day 2 x/ week Supplier 1,200 pcs 1,500 pcs 800 pcs 500 pcs PC & L Weekly Build Schedule Daily Ship Schedule 6 week rolling forecast 6 week rolling forecast Weekly Order Weekly Order .27 days .17 days .4 days .5 days 1.0 days .18 days .02 days .008 days TPc/t = 2.5 days
    29. 29. Current State
    30. 30. Step 8: Detail Off-Line Activities Map Current State <ul><li>Show on the map using general icons </li></ul><ul><li>Detail out on another sheet using either reference VSM and/or process flow-charting </li></ul>I Dies Die Room Receiving Die Room Shipping (Remove from Schedule Board) Die Bench I Dies 2 shifts 12 shifts Schedule Board (Forecast) Fork Truck Press Room
    31. 31. <ul><li> Introduction to Value Value Stream Mapping </li></ul><ul><li> Data Collection </li></ul><ul><li> Map Current State </li></ul><ul><li>Activity: Map Current State </li></ul>Agenda - Session 1
    32. 32. Activity: Map the Current State Complete By Task Approximate Total Time: <ul><li>Complete draft of current state value stream map. </li></ul><ul><li>Review draft and identify open issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Resolve open issues. Complete current state value stream map. </li></ul><ul><li>Session 2 Review current state value stream map. </li></ul>
    33. 33. <ul><li> Introduction to Value Stream Mapping </li></ul><ul><li> Data Collection </li></ul><ul><li> Map Current State </li></ul><ul><li> Activity: Map Current State </li></ul><ul><li>Review Current State Map </li></ul><ul><li>Design Future State - Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Map Future State </li></ul><ul><li>Consider Key Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Summary </li></ul><ul><li>Activity: Design Future State </li></ul>Agenda Session 1 Session 2
    34. 34. <ul><li> Review Current State Map </li></ul><ul><li>Design Future State - Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Map Future State </li></ul><ul><li>Consider Key Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Summary </li></ul><ul><li>Activity: Design Future State </li></ul>Agenda - Session 2
    35. 35. <ul><li>Define how the plant will operate in the future </li></ul><ul><li>Serve as the blueprint for implementation </li></ul>Design Future State - Purpose Purpose
    36. 36. Process/Product Layout
    37. 37. How to Think
    38. 38. Efficiency
    39. 39. <ul><li> Review Current State Map </li></ul><ul><li> Design Future State - Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Map Future State </li></ul><ul><li>Consider Key Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Summary </li></ul><ul><li>Activity: Design Future State </li></ul>Agenda - Session 2
    40. 40. Guidelines to Future State
    41. 41. Achieving The Future State
    42. 42. Pacemaker Loop
    43. 43. Identify the Pacemaker
    44. 44. Where will you need to use supermarket pull systems to control production of upstream processes? What is Takt Time? Will you build to a finished goods supermarket or directly to shipping? Where can you use continuous flow processing? At what single point in the production chain will you schedule production? (Typically, this will be the final process.) How will you level the production mix at the pacemaker process? What increment of work will you consistently release and take away at the pacemaker process? What process improvements will be necessary at the value stream to flow as your future state design specifies? Consider Key Questions
    45. 45. Develop A Plan
    46. 46. Future State
    47. 47. Map Future State Step 1: Step 2: Step 3: Step 4: Step 5: Step 6: Step 7: The Steps Validate Customer Demand Draw the Future State Process Flow Map the Future State Material Flow Map the Future State Information Flow Calculate Total Product Cycle Time Detail Off-Line Activities Outline a Plan A simple way to approach the Future State Map is to begin by modifying the Current State Map.
    48. 48. Map Future State Customer demand should be validated to ensure accuracy and that consideration has been given for future business. Step 1: Validate Customer Demand X pcs / month Std Pack Qty # Shifts Customer
    49. 49. Map Future State Finished Goods Assembly Layout Welding Stamping X pcs / month Std Pack Qty # Shifts C/O Time = CT = TAKT Time 3 Shifts DT = Scrap = 0 Overtime 2 Shifts Max Size # Material Handlers C/O Time = CT = TAKT Time 3 Shifts DT = Scrap/Rework = C/O Time = CT = TAKT Time 3 Shifts DT = Scrap/Rework= Small Lot # Operators WIP = WIP = WIP = Customer Step 2: Draw the Future State Process Flow List the items needed for lean process flow
    50. 50. Map Future State Finished Goods Assembly Layout Welding 6 x / Day Daily Stamping X pcs / month Std Pack Qty # Shifts C/O Time = CT = TAKT Time 3 Shifts DT = Scrap = 0 Overtime 2 Shifts Max Size # Material Handlers C/O Time = CT = TAKT Time 3 Shifts DT = Scrap/Rework = C/O Time = CT = TAKT Time 3 Shifts DT = Scrap/Rework= Small Lot # Operators WIP = WIP = WIP = Customer Steel Supplier Step 3: Draw the Future State Material Flow
    51. 51. Map Future State Rolling 6 wk Forecast Finished Goods Assembly Layout Welding 6 x / Day PC & L 6-wk forecast Daily Level Box DA1 DA2 DA3 Stamping X pcs / month Std Pack Qty # Shifts Weekly Order C/O Time = CT = TAKT Time 3 Shifts DT = Scrap = 0 Overtime 2 Shifts Max Size # Material Handlers C/O Time = CT = TAKT Time 3 Shifts DT = Scrap/Rework = C/O Time = CT = TAKT Time 3 Shifts DT = Scrap/Rework= Small Lot # Operators WIP = WIP = WIP = Customer Step 4: Draw the Future State Informational Flow Steel Supplier
    52. 52. Step 5: Calculate Total Product Cycle Time (TP c/t) Map Future State Rolling 6 wk Forecast Finished Goods Assembly Layout Welding 6 x / Day PC & L 6-wk forecast Daily Level Box DA1 DA2 DA3 Stamping X pcs / month Std Pack Qty # Shifts Weekly Order C/O Time = CT = TAKT Time 3 Shifts DT = Scrap = 0 Overtime 2 Shifts Max Size # Material Handlers C/O Time = CT = TAKT Time 3 Shifts DT = Scrap/Rework = C/O Time = CT = TAKT Time 3 Shifts DT = Scrap/Rework= Small Lot # Operators WIP = WIP = WIP = Inv .Time Proc .Time TPc /t = ? ? days ? days ? days ? days ? days ? days ? days Customer Steel Supplier
    53. 53. Step 6: Detail Off-Line Activities Map Future State <ul><li>Consideration should be given at this stage for the improvement of off-line activities. </li></ul><ul><li>In many cases, these changes will be necessary to sustain improvements in flow. </li></ul>
    54. 54. Original Condition Step7: Outline a Plan Map Future State Future Condition Inj: Molding 2 Sender Ass’y 2 MSS Ass’y Plants 7 Stamping 10 Tank Ass’y 4 Perform to TAKT & Pitch. Produce to Order Load Leveling and Pull Zone Maintenance & Fast Response Labels Level ABABA. . . Staging by Truck card by card (Pitch = 14 Units) 1ST 2ND 3RD 4TH 1ST 2ND 3RD 4TH Establish TAKT & Flow in Tank Ass'y Stamping Changeover Reduction Reduce Stamping Buffer Move Ass'y to Plant 10 Establish TAKT & Flow in Sender Ass'y Pull To Sender Ass'y Training 1999 2000 Activity Inj: Molding 2 Sender Ass’y 2 MSS Tank Ass’y Stamping Fuel Pump Ass’y I I I I I I Ass’y Plants 2 12 10 4 Cycle-Time Driven. Batches. Change Over Change Over No Flow Attendance No Flow Uptime Item Current Target Total product cycle time Parts / Person Hour Delivery Performance Inventory (days) Overtime Uptime METRICS
    55. 55. Linkage to Improvement Workplace Organization 5S Deploy Visual Controls Layout Waste free - Eliminate waste thru Continuous Improvement Deploy and maintain appropriate Kanbans Uninterrupted flow Error Free Processing Insignificant Changeover
    56. 56. <ul><li> Review Current State Map </li></ul><ul><li> Design Future State - Purpose </li></ul><ul><li> Map Future State </li></ul><ul><li>Consider Key Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Summary </li></ul><ul><li>Activity: Design Future State </li></ul>Agenda - Session 2
    57. 57. <ul><li>Data is analyzed to determine waste (inhibitors to flow). </li></ul><ul><li>Plans are developed to reduce or eliminate waste. </li></ul>What process improvement are necessary for the value stream to flow as your future state design specifies? This step is key to any successful value stream improvement activities. Consider Key Questions This is the step where we can most impact the bottom line.
    58. 58. Eliminate Waste Consider Key Questions Flow Manufacturing 1 Piece Flow, Employee Involvement Empowered, Continuous Imp. Workplace Organization Std. Work, 5S, EH&S Quality RRCA, Process Certification Roadmap Operational SMED, TPM, MP Material Movement FIFO, Pull System
    59. 59. <ul><li> Review Current State Map </li></ul><ul><li> Design Future State - Purpose </li></ul><ul><li> Map Future State </li></ul><ul><li> Consider Key Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Summary </li></ul><ul><li>Activity: Design Future State </li></ul>Agenda - Session 2
    60. 60. Summary Getting Started Be Wise… Observe…it is necessary to physically observe the value stream. This provides the greatest opportunity to identify and eliminate waste. Be Persistent... Value stream mapping is an iterative process. Todays future state is tomorrows current state. This is what continuous improvement is all about.
    61. 61. Is the Time NOW
    62. 62. Achieving the Future State
    63. 63. Activity: Design Future State Task <ul><li>Using the current state map for your selected value stream, design your future state. </li></ul><ul><li>Outline a plan. </li></ul><ul><li>Review future state design and plan. </li></ul>Approximate Total Time:
    64. 64. Activity: Map the Future State Complete By Task Approximate Total Time: <ul><li>Complete draft of future state value stream map. </li></ul><ul><li>Review draft and identify open issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Resolve open issues. Complete future state value stream map. </li></ul><ul><li>Complete “Action Plan.” </li></ul><ul><li>Follow-up 90 days for 75% completion </li></ul>
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