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  • 1. EnginesEngines • Four-Stroke Gasoline Engine •Two-Stroke Gasoline Engines •Diesel Engine •Rotary Engine •Steam Engine Internal combustion engine needs fuel, ignition and compression in order to run.
  • 2. EnginesEngines Configuration • Inline Engines: The cylinders are arranged in a line, in a single bank. • V Engines: The cylinders are arranged in two banks, set at an angle to one another. • Flat Engines: The cylinders are arranged in two banks on opposite sides of the engine
  • 3. EnginesEngines Parts •Exhaust Valve lets the exhaust gases escape the combustion Chamber. (Diameter is smaller then Intake valve) •Intake Valve lets the air or air fuel mixture to enter the combustion chamber. (Diameter is larger than the exhaust valve) Valves: Minimum Two Valves pre Cylinder
  • 4. EnginesEngines Valve Springs: Keeps the valves Closed. Valve Lifters: Rides the cam lobe and helps in opening the valves.
  • 5. EnginesEngines Different arrangement of valve and camshaft.
  • 6. EnginesEngines Cam Shaft: The shaft that has intake and Exhaust cams for operating the valves. Cam Lobe: Changes rotary motion into reciprocating motion.
  • 7. EnginesEngines It provides the means of ignition when the gasoline engine’s piston is at the end of compression stroke, close to Top Dead Center(TDC) Spark Plug The difference between a "hot" and a "cold" spark plug is that the ceramic tip is longer on the hotter plug.
  • 8. EnginesEngines Piston A movable part fitted into a cylinder, which can receive and transmit power. Through connecting rod, forces the crank shaft to rotate.
  • 9. EnginesEngines Cylinder head Part that covers and encloses the Cylinder. It contains cooling fins or water jackets and the valves. Some engines contains the cam shaft in the cylinder head.
  • 10. EnginesEngines Engine Block Foundation of the engine and contains pistons, crank shaft, cylinders, timing sprockets and sometimes the cam shaft.
  • 11. EnginesEngines Connecting (conn.) Rod Attaches piston (wrist-pin) to the crank shaft (conn. rod caps).
  • 12. EnginesEngines Crank Shaft Converts up and down or reciprocating motion into circular or rotary motion. DAMPNER PULLEY Controls Vibration
  • 13. EnginesEngines Piston Rings Four stroke: Three rings Top two are compression rings (sealing the compression pressure in the cylinder) and the third is an oil ring (scrapes excessive oil from the cylinder walls) Two Stroke: Two Rings Both the rings are Compression rings.
  • 14. EnginesEngines Flywheel Attached to the crankshaft Reduces vibration Cools the engine (air cooled) Used during initial start-up Transfers power from engine to drivetrain
  • 15. EnginesEngines