Direct speechDirect speechI am goingI am goingto Punato Puna.I will comeI will comewith you.with you.
Indirect speechIndirect speechA boy told a girlA boy told a girlthat he wasthat he wasgoing to Puna.going to Puna.A girl told a boyA girl told a boythat she wouldthat she wouldcome withcome withhimhim.
I am going toI am going tothe market.the market.Where areWhere areyouyougoing?going?Direct speechDirect speech
1)1) A police man askedA police man askeda scooterist wherea scooterist wherehe was going.he was going.2) The schooterist2) The schooteristanswered that heanswered that hewas going to thewas going to theIndirect speechIndirect speech
TTypes ofypes of SSentenceentence1 Assertive sentence1 Assertive sentence “I can drive a motor cycle.”, Man said.2 Interrogative Sentence2 Interrogative Sentence “When did you pass SSC?”, asked teacher.
Conti….Conti….33 Imperative sentenceImperative sentence ““Show me your license.”, said the policeman.Show me your license.”, said the policeman.44 Exclamatory sentenceExclamatory sentence ““How beautiful this peacock is!”, said a little girl.How beautiful this peacock is!”, said a little girl.
Needful changes in RSNeedful changes in RS1 Assertive sentence1 Assertive sentence Sachin said, “I will play cricket tomorrow.”Sachin said, “I will play cricket tomorrow.”Ans: Sachin saidAns: Sachin said thatthat hehe wouldwould play cricketplay cricketthe next day.the next day.
Changes inChanges in vverbserbs Am/ is wasAm/ is was Are wereAre were Have/has hadHave/has had Do not/Do not/does not did notdoes not did not Was/ were had + P.PWas/ were had + P.P Did not had not + P.PDid not had not + P.PToTo
Changes inChanges in vverbserbs CanCan CouldCould Will/shallWill/shall wouldwould MayMay mightmight PlayPlay Played (Simple PresentPlayed (Simple Presentto simple Past)to simple Past) PlayedPlayed Had played (SimpleHad played (Simplepastpast to perfect past)to perfect past)ToTo
ExamplesExamples1) Krishna said, “she is doing hard work.”1) Krishna said, “she is doing hard work.”Ans: Krishna saidAns: Krishna said thatthat sheshe waswas doing harddoing hardwork.work.2) She said, “Amita has finished her work.”2) She said, “Amita has finished her work.”Ans: She saidAns: She said thatthat AmitaAmita hadhad finished her work.finished her work.3) Pawar said, “we reduce the price of sugar.”3) Pawar said, “we reduce the price of sugar.”Ans: Pawar saidAns: Pawar said thatthat theythey reduced the price ofreduced the price ofsugar.sugar.
CChanges inhanges in PPronounronoun The changes of ‘The changes of ‘I, my, me/we, our, us’I, my, me/we, our, us’have to be done according to thehave to be done according to thespeaker.speaker. The changes of ‘The changes of ‘you, your’you, your’ have to behave to bedone according to the listener.done according to the listener.
ExamplesExamples1) Ajay said, “I am eating ice-cream, Shejal.”1) Ajay said, “I am eating ice-cream, Shejal.”Ans: AjayAns: Ajay toldtold ShejalShejal thatthat hehe waswas eatingeatingice-cream.ice-cream.2) Sanjana said to Rakesh, “I will give you2) Sanjana said to Rakesh, “I will give youmy notebook.”my notebook.”Ans: SanjanaAns: Sanjana toldtold RakeshRakesh thatthat sheshe wouldwouldgive him her notebook.give him her notebook.
CChanges inhanges in ssituationituation1. This that2. These those3. Here there4. Now then5. Today that day6. Tomorrow the next day7. Yesterday the previous day8. Ago before9. Thus soToTo
ExamplesExamples1) Dhoni said, “we will play here, Shehwag.”1) Dhoni said, “we will play here, Shehwag.”Ans: DhoniAns: Dhoni toldtold ShehwagShehwag thatthat theythey wouldwouldplayplay therethere..2) He said, “this is my pen.”2) He said, “this is my pen.”Ans: He saidAns: He said thatthat thatthat waswas hishis pen.pen.
Conti…Conti…3) Kareena said, “he came to my home3) Kareena said, “he came to my homeyesterday.”yesterday.”Ans: Kareena saidAns: Kareena said thatthat hehe had comehad come to herto herhomehome the previous daythe previous day..4) Krishna said, “he is reading now.”4) Krishna said, “he is reading now.”Ans: Krishna saidAns: Krishna said thatthat hehe waswas readingreading thenthen..
Interrogative sentenceInterrogative sentenceNeedful changesNeedful changesChange RV ‘said’ into ‘asked’.Change RV ‘said’ into ‘asked’.Use ‘if’ as a conjunction inUse ‘if’ as a conjunction inyes/no question and ‘Wh’ inyes/no question and ‘Wh’ inwh-questionwh-questionTurn the sentence in to assertiveTurn the sentence in to assertive
Examples of yes/no questionsExamples of yes/no questions1) Seema said to Mayur, “Will you meet me?”1) Seema said to Mayur, “Will you meet me?”Ans: SeemaAns: Seema askedasked MayurMayur ifif hehe wouldwould meet her.meet her.2) Ajay said, “Are you busy ?”2) Ajay said, “Are you busy ?”Ans: AjayAns: Ajay askedasked ifif hehe waswas busy.busy.3) Amee said, “do you watch TV daily?”3) Amee said, “do you watch TV daily?”Ans: AmeeAns: Amee askedasked ifif hehe watchedwatched TV daily.TV daily.
Example of ‘Example of ‘Wh’Wh’ questionquestion1) Vinod said, “why are you late,1) Vinod said, “why are you late,Ajay?”Ajay?”Ans: VinodAns: Vinod askedasked AjayAjay whywhy hehe waswaslate.late.2) Nilesh said, “where are you going?”2) Nilesh said, “where are you going?”Ans: NileshAns: Nilesh askedasked wherewhere sheshe waswasgoing.going.
Exclamatory sentenceExclamatory sentenceNeedful changesNeedful changesChange RV ‘said’ intoChange RV ‘said’ into‘exclaimed’.‘exclaimed’.Use ‘that’ as a conjunction.Use ‘that’ as a conjunction.Turn the sentence intoTurn the sentence intoassertive.assertive.
ExamplesExamples1) I said, “What a lovely place!”1) I said, “What a lovely place!”Ans: IAns: I exclaimedexclaimed thatthat it was really ait was really alovely place.lovely place.2) Ravi said to Reena, “How beautiful2) Ravi said to Reena, “How beautifulshe looks!”she looks!”Ans: RaviAns: Ravi exclaimedexclaimed to Reenato Reena thatthat sheshelooked very beautiful.looked very beautiful.
Imperative sentenceImperative sentenceNeedful changesNeedful changesChange RV ‘said’ into ‘requested’,Change RV ‘said’ into ‘requested’,‘ordered’, ‘suggested’ or‘ordered’, ‘suggested’ or‘advised’…‘advised’…Use ‘to’ as a conjunctionsUse ‘to’ as a conjunctionsRemove the words like ‘please’,Remove the words like ‘please’,‘kindly’ etc…‘kindly’ etc…
ExamplesExamples1) Krish said, ‘Help me, Sanjana.”1) Krish said, ‘Help me, Sanjana.”Ans: KrishAns: Krish requestedrequested SanjanaSanjana toto help him.help him.2) The solder said, “March on.”2) The solder said, “March on.”Ans: The solderAns: The solder orderedordered toto march on.march on.3) The police man said, “don’t go near the cage.”3) The police man said, “don’t go near the cage.”Ans: The policemanAns: The policeman requestedrequested notnot toto go near thego near thecage.cage.
Other ExamplesOther Examples1) The boy said to his friend, “Let us1) The boy said to his friend, “Let usgo out.”go out.”Ans: The boyAns: The boy suggestedsuggested his friendhis friend toto gogoout.out.2) Anju said, “Let me give my pen.”2) Anju said, “Let me give my pen.”Ans: AnjuAns: Anju suggestedsuggested toto let her give herlet her give herpen.pen.
Conti…Conti…3) Amita said, “Thank you, sir.”3) Amita said, “Thank you, sir.”Ans: AmitaAns: Amita thankedthanked her sir.her sir.4) Ami said, “Congratulation Meera.”4) Ami said, “Congratulation Meera.”Ans: AmiAns: Ami congratulatedcongratulated Meera.Meera.5) I said to Meena, “Good morning.”5) I said to Meena, “Good morning.”Ans: IAns: I wishedwished good morning to Meena.good morning to Meena.
Narration of DialogueNarration of Dialogue Remember:Remember: Write short questions and answer inWrite short questions and answer infull sentences.full sentences. Identify the type of each sentence andIdentify the type of each sentence andturn according to specific changes.turn according to specific changes. See the expression of the speaker andSee the expression of the speaker anddo the required changes.do the required changes.
ExampleExample Madhavi: How are you Mayank?Madhavi: How are you Mayank? Mayank: I am fine. Where are you going?Mayank: I am fine. Where are you going? Madhavi: Gandhinagar. Please come with me.Madhavi: Gandhinagar. Please come with me. Madhavi asked Mayank how he was. MayankMadhavi asked Mayank how he was. Mayankanswered that he was fine. Mayank asked heranswered that he was fine. Mayank asked herwhere she was going. She replied that shewhere she was going. She replied that shewas going to Gandhinagar and requested himwas going to Gandhinagar and requested himto come with her.to come with her.
Points to be noted downPoints to be noted down Read the dialogue or a paragraph.Read the dialogue or a paragraph. Identify the type of each sentence.Identify the type of each sentence. Identify the speaker and listener ofIdentify the speaker and listener ofeach sentence.each sentence. Use proper RV: told, asked,Use proper RV: told, asked,exclaimed or request.exclaimed or request. Use proper conjunction: that, if, wh,Use proper conjunction: that, if, wh,or toor to
Conti…Conti… Make changes in pronouns as speaker orMake changes in pronouns as speaker orlistener.listener. Make changes in verbs.Make changes in verbs. Make needful changes according toMake needful changes according toexpressions.expressions.
Exercise-1Exercise-1Krishna: What are you going to doKrishna: What are you going to dotomorrow?tomorrow?Kuldeep: I will visit the sea shore.Kuldeep: I will visit the sea shore.Krishna: What a good idea! WithKrishna: What a good idea! Withwhom will you go?whom will you go?Kuldeep: With my cousin.Kuldeep: With my cousin.
Exercise-2Exercise-2Sanjana: Good morning, Pooja. How areSanjana: Good morning, Pooja. How areyou?you?Pooja: Not very fine.Pooja: Not very fine.Sanjana: What happened? Can I helpSanjana: What happened? Can I helpyou?you?Pooja: My English test will be heldPooja: My English test will be heldtomorrow and I cannot remaintomorrow and I cannot remainpresent.present.
Exercise-3Exercise-3Shopkeeper: Madam I think this sariShopkeeper: Madam I think this sariwill suit on you.will suit on you.Payal: Yes. I shall buy it. How much isPayal: Yes. I shall buy it. How much isit.it.Shopkeeper: Only Rs 2000.Shopkeeper: Only Rs 2000.Payal: Oh! It is very costly. Will youPayal: Oh! It is very costly. Will yougive me some discount?give me some discount?