INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER

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INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER

  1. 1. 116 SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832,(Print) E- ISSN-2320-5474, December,2013, VOL-V * ISSUE- 59 v/;;u {ks= dk ifjp; %& gfj;k.kk jkT; 1 uoEcj 1966 dks vfLrRo esa vk;kA gfj;k.k jkT; ds xBu ds le; blesa 7 ftys ftlesa vEckyk] djuky] jksgrd] xqM+xk¡o] egsUnzx<+] fglkj ,oa than lfEefyr FksA rc ls vc rd 13 vkSj ftys cuk;s x, gSA 1972 dks fHkokuh rFkk lksuhir ftyksa dk xBu fd;k x;kA 23 tuojh 1973 dks fglkj ftys dk mRrjh if”peh Hkkx vyx fd;k x;kA 1 uoEcj 1989 dks gfj;k.kk fnol ds miy{; esa dSFky] jsokM+h] ;equkuxj rFkk ikuhir ftys cuk, x,A 15 vxLr 1995 dks vEckyk ls iapdqyk dks vyx dj u;k ftyk cuk;k x;kA 2 vDVqcj 2004 dks esokr ftyk cukA bl izdkj orZeku gfj;k.kk esa 20 ftys gSA ] p.Mhx<+ iatkc rFkk gfj;k.kk dh lka>h jkt/kkuh gksus ds lkFk&lkFk dsUnz 'kkflr izns'k Hkh gSA v/;;u {ks= esa nf{k.kh gfj;k.kk ds egsUnzx<+] jsokM+h] xqMxako rFkk Qjhnkckn ftyksa dh lHkh 17 rglhyksa dks lEefyr fd;k x;k gSA nf{k.kh gfj;k.kk ds ;s ftys 270 30^ mRrjh v{kka'k ls 28030^ mRrjh v{kka’k rFkk 75030^ iwohZ ns'kkarj ls 77030^ iwohZ ns'kkarj ds e/; fLFkr gSA nf{k.kh gfj;k.kk dk dqy {ks=Qy 8358 oxZ fdyksehVj gSA lkekftd ifjorZu dk Lrj nf{k.kh gfj;k.kk esa lkekftd ifjorZu dh izo`fr dk fo'ys"k.k djus ds fy, fuEufyf[kr 10 pjksa dks lfEefyr fd;k x;k gS & 1- izfr 100 oxZ fdeh- {ks= ij iDdh lMdksa dh yEckbZA 2- Ldwy tkus okys izfr gtkj cPpksa ij izkFkfed fo|ky;ksa dh la[;kA 3- Ldwy tkus okys izfr gtkj cPpksa ij ek/;fed fo|ky;ksa dh la[;kA 4- Ldwy tkus okys izfr gtkj cPpksa ij ofj"B ek/;fed fo|ky;ksa dh la[;kA 1- izfr yk[k tula[;k ij vLirkyksa esa fcLrjksa dh la[;kA 2- izfr yk[k tula[;k ij Mkd?kjksa dh la[;kA 3- is;ty leL;k ;qDr xzkeh.k izfr'krA 4- dqy tula[;k esa iq#"k lk{kjrk dk izfr'krA 5- tula[;k ?kuRo izfr O;fDr izfr oxZ fd-eh-A 6- fo/kqrhd`r rglhyksa dk izfr'krA December ,2013 'kks/k i= & Hkwxksy vatuk nf{k.kh gfj;k.kk esa lkekftd dk fo'Yks"k.k * xkao ewanh ukaxy] ftyk jsokM+h] gfj;k.kk lkekftd ifjorZu dk Lrj Kkr djus ds fy, frokMh ¼7] 1981½ ds ^^fopyu iz.kkyh fo'ys"k.k^^ fof/k ls fuEu lw= dh lgk;rk ls lwpdkad Kkr fd;s gS %& X – X lw= D.I. = N tgk¡ X = ifjorZu ewY; X = ifjorZu ewY; dk lekUrj ek/; N = pj ewY;ksa dh la[;k D.I. = fopyu lwpadkd lu~ 1991 ,oa lu~ 2007&08 ds chp ifjorZu dk fo”ys’k.k djus ds fy, pj dk ifjorZu ewY; ¼lu~ 2007&08 ewY; esa ls 1990&91 dk ewY; ?kVkdj½ Kkr djds mudk vkSlr ewY; ls fopyu fudkyk x;k fuEu rkfydk esa n'kkZ;s x;s fopyu lwpdkadks dks fuEu izdkj ls n'kkZ;k x;k gS %& mi;qZDr fopyu lwpadkdksa dks fuEu lewgksa esa foHkkftr djds lkekftd ifjorZu dk Lrj Kkr fd;k x;k gS %& ns[ksa rkfydk 2 ¼d½ rhoz xfr ls ifjorZu okys {ks= bl oxZ esa nf{k.kh gfj;k.kk dh nks rglhysa ¼xqM+xk¡o] Qjhnkckn½ lfEefyr gS bu rglhyksa esa lMdksa dk mPp ?kuRo] i;kZIr LokLF; lsok,¡] f'k{k.k laLFkku] tula[;k ?kuRo rFkk nf{k.kh gfj;k.kk ds ftys rFkk rglhysa ¼2001½ ftyk Ø-l- rglhy {ks=Qy tula[;k xqM+xk¡o 1 xqM+xk¡o 10711.94 629557 2 iVksnh 177.37 100890 3 uw¡g 688.53 212834 4 fQjkstiqj f>jdk 811.75 243828 5 iqUgkuk —— 206758 6 lksguk —— 140620 7 rkÅMq —— 123182 Qjhnkckn 1 Qjhnkckn 370.85 436103 2 cYyHkx<+ 372.14 928020 3 iyoy 1005.20 404130 4 gFkhu 359.34 203881 5 gksMy ——— 203881 jsokM+h 1 jsokM+h 1015.90 543187 2 ckoy 246.73 110549 3 dkslyh 285.32 110991 egsUnzx<+ 1 egsUnzx<+ 986.18 352176 2 ukjukSy 953.29 459846 L=ksr % LVsfLVdy ,ClVªSDV vkWQ gfj;k.kk 2008&09
  2. 2. 117SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832,(Print) E- ISSN-2320-5474, December,2013, VOL-V * ISSUE- 59 is;ty ;kstuk lokZf/kd ik;h tkrh gSA ugjh ikuh vf/kd gksus ls Hkh lkekftd Lrj esa ifjorZu vk;k gSA bu rglhyksa esa m|ksxksa dh vf/kdrk gS ftlls yksxksa dks jkstxkj izkIr gqvk gS] d`f"k esa vk/kqfudhdj.k] dLcksa dk fodkl rFkk jktuSfrd dkj.kksa ls Hkh lkekftd ifjorZu rhoz xfr ls gqvk gSA m|ksxksa dh LFkkiuk ls xzkeh.k {ks= ds yksxksa dh vkfFkZd fLFkr cgqr vPNh gks xbZ gS ftlls xk¡o Hkh 'kgjksa esa cny x;s gSA bl {ks= esa [kfut vk/kkfjr vU; m|ksxksa dh i;kZIr lEHkkouk,sa gSA ¼[k½ e/;e xfr ls ifjorZu okys {ks=& bl oxZ esa nf{k.kh gfj;k.kk dh 6 rglhyksa dks lfEefyr fd;k x;k gSA bu rglhyksa esa fofHkUu lkekftd lsokvksa ds fodkl esa fofHkUurk ik;h tkrh gSA bu rglhyksa ¼jsokM+h] ckoy] iyoy] iVksnh] uw¡g] gFkhu½ esa tula[;k ?kuRo] lk{kjrk] iDdh lMdksa dk fodkl lokZf/kd gSA izkFkfed fo|ky;ksa ,oa is;ty lqfo/kk cgqr vPNh ugha gSA fpfdRlk lqfo/kkvksa] Mkd lsokvksa dk fodkl lUrks"ktud jgk gSA bu rglhyksa esa d`f"k mRikndrk ,oa vkS|ksfxd fodkl dh lEHkkouk;sa vf/kd gksus ls i;kZIr tu lqfo/kkvksa dh vko';drk gSA nf{k.kh gfj;k.kk dh jsokM+h rglhy esa m|ksxksa dh vikj lEHkkouk;sa gSA iyoy rglhy esa tula[;k ?kuRo ,oa vLirkyksa esa fcLrjksa dh la[;k lokZf/kd gSA ckoy] iVksnh rFkk uw¡g rglhyksa esa m|ksxksa dk Lrj c<+k gSA mi;qZDr rglhyksa esa f'k{kk] m|ksx ,oa iDdh lMdksa ds vkSj fodkl dh lEHkkouk;sa gSA ¼x½ ean xfr ls ifjorZu okys {ks= bl oxZ esa egsUnzx<+] dkslyh o oYyHkx<+ rglhy vkrh gS tgk¡ lkekftd fodkl Lrj ean xfr ls ik;k x;kA egsUnzx<+] nf{k.kh gfj;k.kk dh ,dek= rglhy gS tks Hkkjr ds fdlh Hkh jk"Vªh; jktekxZ ls ugha tqM+h gqbZ gS tcfd [kfutksa esa ;g rglhy lcls vkxs gSA tula[;k ?kuRo ,oa Mkd?kjksa dh la[;k bu rglhyksa esa vf/kd gSA fo|qrhdj.k oSls rks lHkh rglhyksa esa gks pwdk gS ijUrq bu rglhyksa esa fo|qr ds dV le; ij yxrs jgrs gSA bu rglhyksa esa e#LFkyh; izHkko Hkh ns[kus dks feyrk gS] ekuoh; vf/kokl ,oa fc[kjk #i vkfn dkj.kksa ls lkekftd thou esa ifjorZu ean xfr ls gqvk gSA bu rglhyksa esa is;ty] lMdksa dh lqfo/kk ,oa fo|qrhdj.k ds vf/kd foLrkj ij tksj nsus dh vko”;drk gSA ¼?k½ vR;f/kd ean xfr ls ifjorZu okys {ks= & vR;f/kd ean xfr ls ifjorZu okys {ks=ksa esa ukjuksy ,oa fQjkstiqj f>jdk rglhyksa dks lfEefyr fd;k x;k gSA nf{k.kh rkfydk la[;k & 2 Ø-l- lwpdkad Lrj lfEefyr rglhy 1. $ 34 ls vf/kd rhoz xfr ls ifjorZu xqM+xk¡o] Qjhnkckn 2. &101 ls 140 rd e/;e xfr ls ifjorzu jsokM+h] ckoy] iyoy] iVksnh] uw¡g] gFkhu 3. & 140 ls 180 rd ean xfr ls ifjorzu egsUnzx<+] dkslyh] oYyHkx<+ 4. &180 ls vf/kd vR;f/kd ean xfr ls ifjorZu fQjkstiqj f>jdk] ukjuksy rkfydk 1 nf{k.kh gfj;k.kk esa lkekftd ifjorZUk ds fy, fofHkUu ewY;ksa dk lekukUrj ek/; fopyu Ø-l- rglhy iDdh izkFkfed ek/;fed ofj"B vLirkyksa esa Mkd?kjksa is;ty lk{kjrk tula[;k fo|qrhd`rifjorZu lM+d fo|ky; fo|ky; ek/;fed fcLrjksa dh dh la[;k lqfo/kk ?kuRo xk¡o lwpadkd la[;k 1. egsUnzx<+ -6.51 -1 +2.77 -0.61 -15 -6.69 -0.5 +4.17 -129.61 00 -152.98 2. ukjuksy -6.51 -1 +2.77 -0.61 -15 -6.69 -0.5 +.034 -193.61 00 -218.11 3. jsokM+h -1.95 0 +0.77 -1.61 -4 -6.69 -0.3 -7.81 -79.61 00 -101.2 4. ckoy -1.95 0 +0.77 -1.61 -4 -6.69 -0.3 -15.25 -90.61 00 -119.64 5. dkslyh -1.95 0 +0.77 -1.61 -4 -6.69 -0.3 -9.91 -131.61 00 -155.3 6. xqM+xk¡o -5.82 +1 -5.23 +0.39 -10 -5.69 +0.7 +9.81 -50.39 00 +35.55 7. iVksnh -5.82 +1 -5.23 +0.39 -10 -5.69 +0.7 +4.57 -33.61 00 -53.61 8. uw¡g -5.82 +1 -5.23 +0.39 -10 -5.69 +0.7 +0.77 -109.61 00 -133.49 9. fQ- f>jdk -5.82 +1 -5.23 +0.39 -10 -5.69 +.07 +1.05 -167.61 00 -190.6 10. Qjhnkckn -1.49 -1 +5.77 +1.39 -26 +4.31 -.05 +5.83 +1200.39 00 +1182.94 11. oYyHkx<+ -1.49 -1 +5.77 +1.39 -26 +4.31 -.05 -6.87 -150.61 00 -176.09 12. iyoy -1.49 -1 +5.77 +1.39 -26 +4.31 -0.5 +6.11 -127.61 00 -139.02 13. gFkhu -0.36 +1 -4.23 +0.39 -22 +0.69 +0.7 +4.51 -136.61 00 -57.19 L=ksr % LVsfLVdy ,ClVªsDV ds vkadM+ksa ds vk/kkj ij Lo;a }kjk ifjdfyr
  3. 3. 118 SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832,(Print) E- ISSN-2320-5474, December,2013, VOL-V * ISSUE- 59 1- O;kl-ih-vkj ¼1998½] vestfjax lksfl;y ,esfufVt ,.M ns;j dksjsysV~l bu esokM jhtu] vizdkf'kr 'kks/k izcU/k] lq[kkfM+;k fo-fo- mn;iqj] 1987] i`- &3A 2 eksfVy] vkj-,y- ¼1974½] nh Lisf'k;y vkWjxsukbts'ku vkWQ lkslk;Vh lsd.M ,fM- mDl oVh izsl cSy ekmUV] i`- 260A 3- egcwc vy&gd] Hkkjr esa lkekftd ifjorZu] oh-ih- iap'khy izdk'ku] t;iqj i`- 125 4- flag tlohj ,.M f<Yyu ¼1982½ & ,xzhdYpjy T;ksxzkQh] VkVk eSxzkfgYl ifCyf'kax dEiuh U;w fnYyhA i`- 118 A gfj;k.kk dh nksuksa gh rglhyksa esa lkekftd fodkl dk Lrj cgqr ean gS] fdlkuksa dh vkfFkZd fLFkfr lqn`<+ ugaha gS] fQjkstiqj f>jdk ,oa ukjuksy rglhyksa esa m|ksaxksa dk vHkko gSA f'k{kk dk Lrj fQjkstiqj f>jdk rglhy esa dkQh uhps gS] is;ty dh lqfo/kk esa vHkko gks jgk gSA orZeku esa jktLFkku ds lkFk yxrh ukjuksy rglhy ds dbZ xk¡oksa esa Hkw&ty Lrj dkQh uhps pyk x;k gS ftlls ihus ds ikuh dh leL;k vk xbZ gSA nf{k.kh gfj;k.kk dh bu rglhyksa esa e#LFkhydj.k ds izHkko ns[kus dks feyrk gS ftlls vf/kdka'k fdlku i'kqpkj.k dk dk;Z djus yx x;s gSA vr% bu rglhyksa esa is;ty lqfo/kk] fo|qrhdj.k] Mkd lsokvkas] lMdksa ,oa f'k{k.k laLFkkvksa ds foLrkj ij fo'ks"k tksj nsus dh vR;f/kd vko';drk gSA

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