INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER

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INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER

  1. 1. 98 SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832,(Print) E- ISSN-2320-5474, December,2013, VOL-V * ISSUE- 59 dfork esa tuoknh fopkj/kkjk turk ds nq[k] nSU;] nkfjn~z; vkSj ihfM+r ekuork dks vius dkO; dk vkyEcu cukrh gSA lkeUr'kkgh vkSj i¡wthoknh ls mldk fojks/k gSA tuoknh fopkj/kkjk dk tUe gh bl fojks/k rFkk tulewg dh jktuhfrd psruk ds QyLo:i gqvk gSA ;qx dh ek¡x ds vuq:i gh lekt ds okLrfod thou ¼tuthou½ ds fudV turk dk i{k/kj ;g tu&dkO;&lkfgR; v;Ur l'kDr gS vkSj vts; xfr ls vkxs c<+k gSA ^tuHkkouk vkt ds nq[k vkSj vHkkoksa dh nqfu;k ls fudydj lq[k vkSj Lok/khurk ds izdk'k esa lk¡l ys ldsa* & ;gh thou n`f"V u;h psruk vkSj u;h lEHkkoukvksa ls vksr&izksr gksdj ckck ukxktZqu esa ,d LoLFk vkSj lkef;d n`f"Vdks.k dks vfHkO;Dr djrh gSA iz[kj laosnuk] mnkRr Hkko] vkstLoh Loj] fuckZ/k y;] mUeqDr izokg vkSj l'kDr vfHkO;fDr ds dfo ukxktZqu dk lEiw.kZ thou rFkk dkO; tulk/kkj.k ds izfr lefiZr gSA tulk/kkj.k ds chp thou&fuokZg djrs gq, ukxktqZu dks feF;k dYiuk dh ckrsa vf/kd fnu rd u fj>k ldhA yksd vkSj yksd laosnuk ls xgjs tqM+sa dfo ukxktqZu us viuh izxfroknh dfork esa loZgkjk dh vkokt cqyUn dhA mudh dfork esa turk dk la?k"kZ ewfrZeku gSA tuHkkoukvksa dks izeq[krk iznku djrs gq, ckck us ns'k dh vlgk; voLFkk vkSj ihfM+r ekuork dh leL;k dks Loj fn;k rFkk muds fy, og lSno izfrj{kk ds dV?kjs esa [kM+sa utj vkrs gSaA ,d ^tudfo* ds nkf;Ro dks vfHkO;Dr djrs gq, ukxktqZu ^tudfo* dfork esa fy[krs gSa %& ^^le> x;k gw¡] thou esa bl /kjk&/kke dk D;k egRo gS dSls dgykrk dksbZ /kjrh dk csVk vkleku esa lrjaxh ckny ij p<+dj dSls tudfo /kku jksirk le> x;k gw¡] dSls tudfo tehankj ds mu veyksa dks ekj Hkxkrk gjs ck¡l dh gjh&gjh og ykBh ysdjA**1 nhu&nqf[k;ksa dk nnZ muds fy, ijk;k ugh] viuk gSA Hkw[k dh O;Fkk ds vuqHkoh dfo ukxktqZu dks lenqf[k;ksa ds nnZ dh dYiuk ugha djuh iM+h] dsoy LokuqHko dh frDrrk dh vfHkO;fDr djuh iM+hA loZgkjk oxZ dh nfjnzrk dk o.kZu djrs gq, dgha&dgha ukxktqZu] xjhcksa ds ?kjsyww&okrkoj.k dk ,slk ifjPNsn gekjs lkeus j[krs gSa] ftldh lgtrk vkSj December ,2013 'kks/k i= & fgUnh MkW- ¼Jherh½ yfrdk flag tudfo ukxktqZu * 332&A] frdksuhckx] ds-Mh-lh-jksM] cgkbp] m-iz- LokHkkfodr gesa >d>ksj nsrh gSA iq”r&iq”r dh xjhch vkSj nq[kh ftUnxh ls vkgr ,d ifjokj dh O;Fkk dks ukxktqZu ^t;fr&t;fr t; loZ eaxyk* dfork esa O;Dr djrs gSa & **QVh njh ij cSBk gS fpj&jksxh csVk jk'ku ds pkoy ls dadM+ chu jgh iRuh cspkjh xHkZ&Hkkj ls vyl f'kfFky gS vax&vax] eq¡g ij mlds eVeSyh vkHkk NIij ij cSBh gS fcYyh fdlds ?kj ls tkus D;k dqN [kk vkbZ gS pyk&pykdj thHk Lokn ysrh gksBkasa dk---------**2 ukxktqZu tudfo blfy, ugha gSa fd mudh dfork,a turk dh tcku ij p<+ pqdh gSa cfYd blfy, gSa fd os turk ds ckjs esa lksprs&fy[krs gSa vkSj mlds fgrksa ds izfr viuh lPph izfrc)rk ?kksf"kr djrs gSaA ,d lPpk ^ekuo* gksus ds dkj.k dfo Jfed oxZ ds fy, ;qx dk fo"k rd ihus ds fy, rS;kj gSA ^eu djrk gS* 'kh"kZd dfork esa ukxktqZu dgrs gSa ^^uaxk gksdj fo’kiku d:¡ lkxj rV ij gks dky dwV rw dgk¡ x;k vks gkykgy rw dgk¡ x;k**3 dfo esa 'kksf"kr] ihfM+r oxZ ds izfr laosnuk vkSj lgkuqHkwfr gS] fdUrq 'kks"kd oxZ ds izfr fonzksg dk Hkko Hkh gS dfo ds eu esaA ;g fonzksg dk Hkko izfrfgalkRed gksdj lkekftd vkSj jktuhfrd thou esa cnyko pkgrk gSA ^ihiy ds ihys iRrs^] ^ckny dks f?kjrs ns[kk gS] ^og dkSu Fkk* vkfn ukxktqZu dh dforkvksa dh iafDr;ka ØkfUr dk Loj mRiUu djrh gSaA tulk/kkj.k ds gkFk esa *cUnwd* ;k ^lRrk* fnykdj ukxktqZu dh dfork 'kks"k.k dk izfrdkj djrh gS] esgurd'k yksxks dh rckg ftUnxh ds fy, la?k"kZ djrh gSA ^^gj gky esa ukxktqZu dh n`f"V ncs&dqpys oxZ ij jgrh gS vkSj os mlds i{k esas [kM+s gkssus dks gh viuh dfork dh lkFkZdrk ekurs gSA^^4 ;gh dkj.k gS fd ;qxhu fo"kerk dk fp= mudh dforkvksa esa ewrZ :i ikrk gSA ,d vksj 'kks"k.k vkSj xjhch ls ihfM+r tulekt dh eqfDr ds fy, os la?k"kZ djrs utj vkrs gSa rks nwljh vksj lekt&'kks"kd HksfM+;ksa ds okLrfod :i dk inkZQk'k cM+s gh l'kDr <+ax ls djrs gSaA ^?kj ls ckgj fudysxh dSls ytoUrh* dfork esa blh nqjkoLFkk dk o.kZu gSA ,d vksj Hkw[ks&uaxs yksx QVs&iqjkus oL=ksa esa vius 'kjhj dks <ds nk:.k thou th jgs gSa rks nwljh vksj csjkstxkjh ds Hk¡oj esa iM+k gqvk
  2. 2. 99SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832,(Print) E- ISSN-2320-5474, December,2013, VOL-V * ISSUE- 59 O;fFkr ;qok oxZ gSA ,slh nq%fLFkfr esa4 'kkld vktknh dh t;Urh ugha] e¡gxkbZ dh t;Urh euk jgs gSa ^^QVs oL= gSa] ?kj ls ckgj fudsysxh dSls ytoUrh 'keZ u vkrh] euk jgs os e¡gxkbZ dh jtr t;Urh dke ugh gaS] nke ugha gS pSu ugha] vkjke ugha gSa /kq¡vk Hkjk gS fny&fnekx esa-------A**5 ukxktqZu la?k"kZghu lekt dh dYiuk djrs gSaA 'kks"k.k dk f'kdkj pkgs Hkwfeghu fdlku gks ;k fjD'kkpkyd] etnwj gksa ;k etcwj] fHk[kkjh&vkfnoklh gks ;k uDlyoknh] usikyh turk dk la?k"kZ gks ;k Hkkjr ds esgurd'kksa dk dksbZ vkUnksyu] fo;rukeh turk dk eqfDrla?k"kZ gks ;k rsyaxkuk dk fonzksg& ukxktZqu us ges'kk la?k"kZjr yksxkas dk lkFk fn;kA buls lEcfU/kr dforkvksa esa og 'kks"k.k dk dsoy nz"Vk ek= gh ugha 'ksDrk Hkh gSA oLrqr% mudk thou ,d vke vkneh dk nq[kn thou gh jgkA viuh nk:.k voLFkk ds] ifjokj dh xjhch ,oa QVsgkyh ds tykyr Hkjs vuds ân;Li'khZ 'kCn&fp= ukxktqZu dh dfork esa gSA ,d nhu&ghu fu/kZu ifjokj esa tUek ;g dfo BsB cpiu ls vHkko dk vklo ihus dks foo'k FkkA mudk thou la?k"kZ iwfjr jgkA ^jfo Bkdqj* dfork ukxktqZu dh lEiw.kZ foo'krk crk nsus okyh dfork gS& ^^iSnk gqvk Fkk eSa & nhu&ghu vifBr fdlh d`"kd&dqy esa vk jgk gw¡ ihrk vHkko dk vklo BsB cpiu ls dfo! eSa :id gw¡ nch gqbZ nwc dk gjk gqvk ugha fd pjus dks nkSM+rs!! thou xqtjrk izfriy la?k"kZ esaAA**6 ukxktqZu dh ^gfjxkFkk^] ^ea=*] ^ØkfUr*] ^fnO;fpUru*] ^og dkSu Fkk] ^vfXucht* vkfn vusd dfork,a orZeku lekt ds ;FkkFkZ fp= dks mdsjrh gSA Hkkjrh; lkekftd ;FkkFkZ ds brus O;kid fp= fgUnh ds fdlh dfo esa 'kk;n gh feysaA fot;cgknqj flag ds vuqlkj] ^^ukxktqZu tSls dfo;ksa dks i<+rs gq, ge dc dfork esa gSa] dc izR;{k thou esa dg ikuk eqf'dy gSA ;gk¡ dSejk Hkh gS] v[kckj vkSj mldk Qhpj i`"B Hkh] og fonX/k ân; Hkh gS ftlls izfrHkk dh vkHkk eqLdjkrh jgrh gSA**7 viuh vifjofrZr Hkwfedk esa izkjEHk ls vUr rd os lekt ds 'kksf"kr] ihfM+r] fdlku] etnwj thou ds vR;Ur tq>k: dfo jgs gSaA bl izdkj ns'k] ns'k dh turk vkSj mldh /kjrh ds dfo ukxktqZu ns'k ds lexz lkeftd ;FkkFkZ ls :&c&: gq, vkSj mls fod`r djus okyh gj lkft'k dk inkZQk'k fd;kA 'kksf"kr&ihfM+r turk dh Je'khyrk] mldh ØkfUrdkjh {kerk] jktuhfrd usr`Ro dk Ny&Nn~e] lkezkT;oknh&lkeUroknh 'kklu rU= dk vU;k;] vR;kpkj] ik[k.M vkfn tks dqN Hkh 'kksf"kr&ihfM+r turk ds fo:) iM+rk gS] ukxktZqu us ml ij djkjk izgkj fd;k gSA [kxsUnz Bkdqj ds 'kCnksa esa] ^^ukxktqZu us turk dss thou dk ubZ n`f"V ls v/;;u djds lqUnj vkSj vlqUnj ds vUrfojksZ/k dks lekIr djds thou ds vlqUnj dks Hkh dkO; esa lqUnj cuk fn;k gSA**8 lkekftd vkSj jktuhfrd nqO;ZoLFkk ls ihfM+r dfo ifjorZu dk gkeh gSA mldh dfork viuh ekVh dh dfork gS] ij ;g vapy fo'ks"k ij dsfUnzr u gksdj ekuorkokn ij vk/kkfjr gSA ukxktqZu ds iq= 'kksHkkdkUr firk ukxktqZu ds ckjs esa fy[krs gSa&^^xjhc turk pkgs xk¡o dh jgh gks ;k 'kgjksa dh] jktuhfrd nyksa us mls laxBu dh jh<+ ugha cuk;k] cfYd jktuhfrd nyksa us ,slh Hkw[kh&uaxh] nhu&ghu] ihfM+r&'kksf"kr vkSj vlgk; turk dk tedj mi;ksx fd;k vkSj mls lM+d ij NksM+dj [kqn [kwclwjr Nk;knkj ykWu esa tk cSBsA ckcw th us ,slh gh turk ls tqM+dj vkSj lkFk puk&pcsuk [kkdj muds fy, lkfgR; dks viuk ,d ek= y{; cuk;k gSA**9 ^euq"; g¡w^ dfork esa ukxktqZu Lo;a dgrs gSa & ^^dfo gw¡ ihNs] igys rks ekuo gh gw¡A vfrekuo ;k yksdksRrj fdldks dgrs gSa ugha tkurk! dSls tkuw¡ lq[k&lqfo/kk eas gqyl&gqyldj nq[k&nqfo/kk esa >qyl&>qyldj lc tSls vius thou dks fcrk jgs gSa oSls eSa Hkh viuk thou chrk jgk gw¡A**10 ukxktqZu Hkkjrh; lekt dh oxhZ; lajpuk dh ckjhfd;ksa vkSj tfVyrkvksa dks ftruh Li"Vrk ls igpkurs gSa mruh gh lgtrk] fufHkZdrk vkSj i{k/kjrk ds lkFk O;Dr Hkh djrs gSaA lekt ds izfr lkfgR; dk D;k nkf;Ro gS] bl drZO; Hkkouk us ukxktqZu dks ns'k] /kjrh vkSj turk dk cgqvk;keh lkekftd ;FkkFkZ fpf=r djus dh izsj.kk nhA ;g lkekftd ;FkkFkZ mudh dfork esa brus ikjn'khZ :i esa lkeus vk;k gS fd mudh dfork lkekftd ;FkkFkZ dh thrh&tkxrh izfrek cu x;h gSaA fu%lUnsg ukxktqZu lPps vFkksZ esa tudfo gSaA 1& eSustj ik.Ms;] ukxktqZu p;fur dfork,a ¼laiknu½] i`0 9] us”kuy cqd VªLV bf.M;k] ubZ fnYyhA 2& ogh] i`0 26] 3& ukxktqZu] ^gtkj&gtkj ckgksa okyh*] i`0 190] jk/kkd`’.k izdk”ku] fnYyhA 4& ukxktqZu] ^iqjkuh twfr;ksa dk dksjl^] ¶ySi ls] ok.kh izdk”ku] ubZ fnYyhA 5& ukxktqZu] ^rqedks dgk Fkk*] i`0 56] ok.kh izdk”ku] ubZ fnYyhA 6& eSustj ik.Ms;] ukxktqZu p;fur dfork,a ¼laiknu½] i`0 100] us”kuy cqd VªLV bf.M;k] ubZ fnYyhA 7& vkykspuk] ^vDVwcj&fnlEcj] 2011] i`0 69A 8& ogh i`0 60A 9& “kksHkkdkUr] ^ukxktqZu% esjs ckcw th*] i`0 143] ok.kh izdk”ku] ubZ fnYyhA 10& ukxktqZu] ^;qx/kkjk*] i`0 112] ;k=h izdk”ku] fnYyhA

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