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INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER
 

INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER

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    INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER INTERNATIONAL INDEXED REFEREED RESEARCH PAPER Document Transcript

    • 96 SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832,(Print) E- ISSN-2320-5474, December,2013, VOL-V * ISSUE- 59 Hkkjrh; laxhr ,d fo'kky lkxj ds leku gS ftlesa Lojksa dk vikj HkaMkj gSA bu Lojksa ls vikj Loj&lewg curs gSa] ijUrq fQj Hkh uohurk cuh jgrh gSA ;g fofp=rk o fo'ks"krk dsoy Hkkjrh; laxhr esa gh fufgr gS blfy, Hkkjrh; laxhr fo'o ds vU; laxhr izdkjksa esa Js"B gSA laxhr ,d yfyr dyk gS] vFkkZr~ lqUnj vkSj euksgj Hkkjrh; laxhr dk ekSfyd lEcU/k lkSUn;Z ls jgk gS] vkSj mlesa fofo/k :iksa esa lkSUn;Z dh vfHkO;atuk gksrh jgh gSA dyk vkRekfHkO;fDr dk nwljk uke gSA ^dyk* 'kCn dk loZizFke iz;ksx _Xosn esa gqvk Fkk& ^;Fkk dyka ;Fkk 'kQa _.ka lau;kefl* _Xosn] ;tqosZn] vFkoZosn] 'kk³~[kk;u czkã.k] 'kriFk czkã.k rFkk rSfÙkjh; mifu"kn] vkj.;d vkfn oSfnd xzUFkksa esa dyk 'kCn dk iz;ksx izeq[k :i ls gqvk gSA ekdZ.Ms; eqfu }kjk jfpr ^fo".kq /keksZRrj iqjk.k* esa jktk ctz dks lEcksfèkr djrs gq, dyk dks /keZ] vFkZ vkSj eks{k dk nkrk dgk gSA ;Fkk& ^^dykuka izcja fp= /keZ dkekFkZeks{kne~A e³XY;a izFkea pSrnx`gs ;p izfrf"Bre~AA**1 okRlk;u d`r ^dkelw=* esa vaxHkwr dykvksa ds :i esa 64 dykvksa dk fu:i.k fd;k x;k gSA 'kqØuhfr esa Hkh 64 dykvksa dk mYys[k fd;k x;k gSA izcU/k dks"k ds vuqlkj dykvksa dh la[;k 72 gSA Hkkjrh; fo}kuksa us dyk lEcU/kh lkfgR; ij i;kZIr fooj.k izLrqr fd;k gSA mUgksaus mi;ksxh vkSj yfyr nksuksa izdkj dh dykvksa dks dyk ds vUrxZr j[kk gSA mik;ksxh dykvksa esa ckSf)drk rFkk mi;ksfxrk dk lfEeJ.k jgrk gS rFkk yfyr dykvkssa esa ykfyR; dk vax fo|eku jgrk gSA ^yfyrLrojkt* ds vuqlkj f'ko dks tc yhyk ds iz;kstu dh vuqHkwfr gksrh gS] rc egkek;k tks 'kfDr:ik gSa] txr dh l`f"V djrh gSaA vr% ;g f'ko dh ykyh l[kh gksus ds dkj.k yfyrk uke ls tkuh tkrh gSaA bUgha yfyrk ds ykfyR; ls yfyr dykvksa dh l`f"V gqbZA ;gh yfyr dyk,¡ vkuUn dh fuf/k gSaA2 dyk dk ewY; mlds lkSUn;Z esa fufgr gksrk gS] rFkk yfyr dyk,¡ euq"; ds lkSUn;Z cks/k dh fodflr voLFkkvksa dh ifjpk;d gksrh gSaA bu dykvksa dh vuqHkwfr lkSUn;kZRed gksrh gSA izeq[kr% ;s vykSfdd vkuUn dh flf) esa lgk;d gksrh gSaA yfyr dykvksa esa fp=dyk] ewfrZdyk] okLrqdyk] lkfgR;dyk rFkk laxhr dyk dh x.kuk gksrh gSA bu lHkh December ,2013 'kks/k i= & laxhr ve`rk feJk yfyr dykvksa eas Js"B laxhr dyk esa lkSUn;Z fo"k; * 'kks/kkFkhZ] ,l-vkj-,Q] laxhr ,oa izn'kZu dyk foHkkx] bykgkckn fo'Okfo|ky;] bykgkckn dykvksa esa Js"B laxhr dyk dk {ks= vR;f/kd foLr`r ,oa fo'kky gSA laxhr esa /;kukd"kZ.k djus dk vn~Hkqr tknw gSA laxhr ds lkr Lojksa ds vkjksg&vojksg] ukn vkSj vkyki ân; ds varjax rarqvksa dks Li'kZ djds Jksrk dks ije lkSUn;Z dh fnO; vuqHkwfr rRdky djkus esa leFkZ gksrk gSA ok.kh ds lkSUn;Z dk ;g peRdkj vR;Ur laonsu'khy gksrk gS tks ân; dks d.ksZfUnz; ds ek/;e ls vkyksfdr dj mls Lo ds lkSUn;Z yksd esa ys tkrk gSA johUnz ukFk VSxksj ds vuqlkj& "Music is the purest form of arts and therefore the most direct expression of beauty. Therefore the true poets seek to express the universe in terms of music." Rabindra Nath Tagore, Sadhana lkSUn;Z vkRek dh ljyre vuqHkwfr gSA thou esa lkSUn;Z vfuok;Z gS] blds fcuk thou fuLlkj gSA ^^fdlh lqUnj oLrq dks ns[kus ij ftl jl dk vkLoknu gekjk eu djrk gS ml vkLoknu dks lkSUn;Z dgk tkrk gSA** lw{e LiUnuksa ls tks jlkuqHkwfr gksrh gS] og lkSUn;Z gSA lkSUn;Z ftl r`fIr dk uke gS mlls thou dk fodkl] izk.kksa esa LQwfrZ] g`n; esa mnkÙk osnuk dk lapkj rFkk dYiuk ds fy, uohu vkyksd dk l`tu vkSj 'kkfUr dk lapkj gksrk gSA IykfVul us dgk gS& "Beauty is the relation between certain objects and sensations to give a particular type of pleasure." lkSUn;Z dh vuqHkwfr vkuUn ,oa lq[k iznku djrh gSA dyk ds {ks= esa lkSUn;Z] dykdkj ds ân; esa mn; gksrk] iyrk vkSj iq"V gksrk gS vkSj vusd ek/;eksa }kjk vfHkO;Dr gksrk gSA xsVs ds vuqlkj& "Art is beautiful when it has reached the height of its natural Development" laxhr dk lkSUn;Z Lojksa dh fo'ks"k ;kstuk ls mRiUu gksrk gS] ftl ;kstuk esa /ofu&izokg] rky] y; vkSj lUrqyu vkfn ds izHkko ls thou esa Hkh blh izHkko dk mn; gksrk gSA ukV~;xr laxhr ds lUnHkZ esa Hkjr us fofo/k jlksa dh ppkZ djds laxhr dks jll`f"V ds fy, egRoiw.kZ ekuk gSA fdlh jl fo'ks"k dh l`f"V rHkh laHko gS tc dksbZ dyk lkSUn;Zxq.k lEiUu gks] fdUrq dyk dk izFke mn~ns'; fo'kq) vkuUn iznku djuk gh gksrk gSA dykvksa esa laxhr gh ,slh ,d dyk gS ftldk izHkko bruk O;kid gSA ^^xhr dh jle;rk] Nan vkSj rky dk
    • 97SHODH, SAMIKSHA AUR MULYANKAN International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0974-2832,(Print) E- ISSN-2320-5474, December,2013, VOL-V * ISSUE- 59 lkeatL;] xk;dksa] okndksa dh ijLij vuqdwyrk rFkk Loj vkSj y; dh jlkuqofrZrk bR;kfn fo'ks"krk,¡ feydj laxhr lkSUn;Z&cks/k dk dkj.k curh gSA cafn'k laxhr lkSUn;Z ds fy, furkUr lgk;d gksrh gSA cfUn'kksa esa Hkko] y; rFkk rky dks vyki] rku] vyadkj] ehaM+] ?klhV] xed] vkUnksyu rFkk vkdfLed Loj lUnHkZ :ih vyadj.kksa ls ltk;k tkrk gS] rc og jpuk jfDrnk;d curh gSA ;gh ^jfDr* gh laxhr dk lkSUn;Z rRo gSA laxhr ds lkSUn;Z cks/k dk foospu laxhr dyk ds cfgjax rFkk vUrjax i{kksa dks ysdj Hkh fd;k tkrk gSaA cfgjax esa laxhr ds o.kZ] vyadkj] vyki] rku] ehaM+] xed] bR;kfn xq.kksa dk lekos'k gS budk o.kZu fuEuor~ gS& ¼1½ Jqfr%& og lw{e ls lw{e /ofu tks Li"V lqukbZ ns] og Jqfr dgykrh gSA Jqfr jkx lkSUn;Z dk vk/kkj gSA ckbZl Jqfr;ksa ij Lojska dks foHkkftr fd;k x;k gS Jqfr;ka okLro esa Lojksa dks lkSUn;Z iznku djrh gSA ¼2½ Loj%& Lojksa ls gh jkxksa dk fuekZ.k gksrk gS] Loj jkx ds vax&izR;ax gSA laxhr dk vk/kkj gS ^Loj&lkSUn;Z* ftldk ewrZ :i gS xhr&cU/k ;k jkxA Loj ds leLr xq.k lkaxhfrd lkSUn;Z ds gh xq.k gSaA ¼3½+ o.kZ%& xkus dh fØ;k dks o.kZ dgrs gSaA o.kZ }kjk gh vyki] rku] cafn'k vkfn dks ltk;k tkrk gSA o.kksaZ ds fofo/k iz;ksx ls jkx dk lkSUn;Z lkdkj gks mBrk gSA ¼4½ vyadkj%& fof'k"V o.kZ&lUnHkZ dks gh vyadkj dgrs gSaA dksbZ Hkh xhr vyadkj ds fcuk lkSUn;kZRed ugha gksrkA vyadkjksa ds mfpr iz;ksx ls jkx dk lkSUn;Z f[ky mBrk gSA jkx dh izd`fr ds vuqlkj vyadkjksa ds fu;ec) larqfyr vkSj Øekuqlkj iz;ksx jkx dh lkSUn;Z o`f) djrs gSaA ¼5½ vkyki%& vkyki ds iz;ksx ls jkx lkSUn;Z f[ky mBrk gS rFkk jkx dk izLrqrhdj.k izHkko'kkyh curk gSA ¼6½ rku%& rku dk iz;ksx jkx dh vkd`fr Li"V dj lkSUn;Z iznku djrk gSA rkuksa ds }kjk oSfp«;] peRdkj] dyki{k vkSj Hkko i{k ds }kjk jkx lkSUn;Z fu[kjrk gSA ¼7½ ehaM+%& jkx ds lkSUn;Z o/kZu esa ehaM+ dk egRoiw.kZ LFkku gSA ,d Loj ls nwljs Loj rd /ofu dks fcuk [kafMr fd, gq, tkus dh fØ;k dks ehaM+ dgrs gSaA ¼8½ xed%& Lojksa dk ,slk daiu tks Jksrk ds ân; dks izlUu djs ^xed* dgykrk gSA xed ds ek/;e ls laxhrKksa us /ofu ds vf/kdkf/kd lkSUn;Z iz;ksx dks 'kkL=c) fd;k gSA xed }kjk Loj J`axkj gksrk gS vkSj jkx foLrkj vkfn esa lkSUn;Z o`f) gksrh gSa lkSUn;Z ds izeq[k xq.k lthork vkSj xfr xed esa fof'k"V LFkku j[krs gSaA ¼9½ y;%& fØ;kvksa ds vuarj le; dh leku foJkafr dks ^y;* dgrs gSaA y; dh fofHkUu y;dkfj;ksa vkSj fofo/krk ls laxhr lkSUn;Z vfHko`) gksrk gSA y; dh tc xfr cnyrh gS rks laxhr esa lkSUn;kZuqHkwfr gksrh gS laxhrKksa dh lw{e lkSUn;Z psruk o izfrHkk ls y;dkjh dk peRdkj Jksrkvksa dks vkuUn iznku djrk gSA ¼10½ rky%& laxhr dk lkSUn;Z vuqHko djus ls gksrk gSA laxhr lkSUn;Z esa rky dk egRoiw.kZ ;ksxnku gSA le; ds eku dks rky dgrs gSaA rkyksa ds eqDr oknu vkSj laxr i{k nksuksa dk viuk lkSUn;Z fo/kku gS( tks laxhr dk ,d lcls egRoiw.kZ vax gSaA bu lHkh xq.kksa ds dkj.k laxhr dk Lo:i vkd"kZd cu tkrk gSA 'kkL=h; fu;eksa dk ifjikyu rFkk dykdkj dk ckSf)d fodkl laxhr dh oká :ijs[kk dks vkd"kZd cukus ds ek/;e gSaA laxhr dk vUrjax mldh Hkko fuekZ.k {kerk esa fufgr gSA blfy, fdlh laxhr jpuk esa Loj] y;] rky] vyadkj tSlh fØ;kvksa ds lkFk&lkFk xhr ds 'kCn o Hkko dk Hkh egRo gSA lkaxhfrd lkSUn;Z bUgha nksuksa vaxksa ds lfEefyr izHkko ls mn~Hkwr gksdj Jksrk dks 'kCnkrhr vkuUn dh vksj ys tkrk gSA blds lkFk&lkFk ;g Hkh dgk tk ldrk gS fd laxhr dk lkSUn;Z cksèk ,d lkewfgd izHkko dh vfHkO;fDr gS] ftlesa xkrk rFkk Jksrk ds lg;ksx dh vko';drk gksrh gS mldh pje voLFkk xs;] xkrk rFkk xku ds ,sls lkeatL; esa fufgr gS] tgka xk;d rFkk Jksrk nksuksa vlhe vkuUn ds lkxj esa fopj.k djrs gSaA bl izdkj gesa Kkr gksrk gS fd yfyr dykvksa esa laxhr dyk dk {ks= vR;Ur O;kid gSA yfyr dykvksa dk izeq[k mn~ns'; lkSUn;kZuqHkwfr djkuk gS] rFkk ;g fo'ks"krk laxhr dyk esa fo|eku gSA laxhr dyk vewY; gS] ewY;kadu ls ijs gSA vkuUn ls lkSUn;Z ,oa jl dh vfHkO;fDr gksrh gSA blh vkuUnkuqHkwfr ds QyLo:i Jksrk bl {k.k&Hkaxqj lalkj ds ek;koh bUnztky ls eqDr gksdj fnO; lkSUn;Z dh vuqHkwfr djus yxrk gSA blhfy, Hkkjrh; euhf"k;ksa us laxhr dks ijekRek rd igq¡pkus dh lh<+h dgk gSA 1- 'kekZ] izks0 LorU=] lkSUn;Z jl ,oa laxhr] izdk'kd&izfrHkk izdk'ku] fnYyhA 2- HkkxZo MkW0 ljkst] lkSUn;Z cks/k ,oa yfyr dyk,¡] dyk izdk'ku] ch-,p-;w- okjk.klhA 3- 'kekZ MkW0 gj}kjhyky] lkSUn;Z 'kkL= ¼dyk ,oa laxhr ds lUnHkZ esa½& v:.k dqekj ekulh izdk'ku] dSyk'kiqjh] esjBA 4- HkVukxj MkW0 e/kqjyrk] Hkkjrh; laxhr dk lkSUn;Z fo/kku] izdk'kd] fgUnh ek/;e dk;kZy;] funs'kky;] fnYyh fo'ofo|ky;A 5- xxZ MkW0 eqds'k] lkfgR; ,oa lkSUn;Z cks/k] izdk'kd& dfu"dk ifCy'klZ] fMLVªhO;wVlZ nfj;kxat] ubZ fnYyhA 6- xxZ y{eh ukjk;.k] fucU/k laxhr] izdk'kd&laxhr dk;kZy; gkFkjlA 7- laxhr dyk fogkj if=dk] vad&Qjojh 2011] izdk'kd& vf[ky Hkkjrh; xU/koZ egkfo|ky; eaMyA